Robert Dean

Cleveland Clinic, Cleveland, Ohio, United States

Are you Robert Dean?

Claim your profile

Publications (30)85.55 Total impact

  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Graft-versus-host disease (GVHD) remains a major cause of morbidity and mortality in allogeneic hematopoietic cell transplantation (HCT) despite current prophylaxis. Methotrexate (MTX) with a calcineurin inhibitor (CNI) is the current standard, however, has several toxicities. Mycophenolate mofetil (MMF) is frequently used in reduced-intensity HCT, but data in myeloablative transplants is limited. We thus retrospectively identified 241 patients who underwent myeloablative HCT from an HLA-identical sibling donor; 174 patients received cyclosporine (CSA) + MMF and 67 received CSA +MTX. Patients receiving MMF+CSA had rapid neutrophil (median 11 versus 19 days with MTX+CSA), and platelet recovery (median 19 versus 25 days), lower incidence of severe mucositis by OMAS (19% versus 53%), and shorter length of hospital stay (median 25 versus 36 days) (p<0.001 for all comparisons). There were no significant differences in incidence of grade 2-4 (MMF+CSA 37% versus MTX+CSA 39%) or 3-4 acute GVHD (17% versus 12%), chronic GVHD (46% versus 56%), relapse (28% versus 27%), non-relapse mortality (20% versus 27%) or overall survival (47% versus 44%) (p=NS for all). However, in multivariable analysis, the use of MMF+CSA was associated with an increased risk of severe grade 3-4 acute GVHD (HR 2.92, 95% CI 1.2-7.15, p=0.019). There were no differences between the two regimens in multivariable analyses for other survival outcomes. This analysis demonstrates that the use of MMF in myeloablative sibling donor transplantation is well tolerated. However, there may be an increased risk of severe GVHD with MMF+CSA compared to MTX+CSA. Further studies evaluating optimal dosing strategies are needed.
    American Journal of Hematology 10/2014; · 4.00 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: In myeloid malignancies, genetic abnormalities in key apoptosis pathway genes (eg., p53) are associated with poor responses to conventional cytotoxic therapy. In pre-clinical models, non-cytotoxic, DNA methyltransferase 1 (DNMT1) depleting regimens of the deoxycytidine analogue decitabine relieve aberrant epigenetic repression of key late-differentiation genes and induce cell cycle exit by p53-independent differentiation pathways (CEBPE, MXD1, p27/CDKN1B) (Ng et al, Leukemia 2011). To translate these observations into practice, a clinical trial is being conducted in MDS, using decitabine at minimum doses required to deplete DNMT1 (0.1-0.2 mg/kg [5-10 mg/m2]), administered by the subcutaneous (SC) route to avoid high peak levels that cause apoptosis, and using a metronomic schedule (1-3X/week for ≥1y) to increase exposure time for S-phase specific depletion of DNMT1. To evaluate mechanism of action, correlative studies include quantification of pH2AX (DNA damage marker) and DNMT1 levels in bone marrow by flow-cytometry, and immunohistochemical evaluation by ImageQuant of p27/CDKN1B and KI67 expression, expected to vary directly and inversely respectively with terminal differentiation. A two-stage Simon design was used, and results from the first stage (n=15, patient characteristics table 1) are reported (median follow-up 330 days, range 142-180). Anti-emetics were not required, and there were no administration related adverse events. Neutropenic fever (NF) occurred in 11 patients, 7 of whom did not have NF prior to therapy (median time to nadir 40 days). By IWG criteria, complete hematologic and cytogenetic remissions (CR) with persistent dysplasia occurred in 2 subjects, hematologic improvement (HI) occurred in 4 subjects (overall response rate, ORR=40%), and stable disease in 7. Median response duration for HI/CR is 243 days, with 5 of 6 responses ongoing (range 74-292). Complete cytogenetic responses occurred even in patients with highly complex chromosome abnormalities (table 1). Bone marrow cell pH2AX expression decreased non-significantly from pre-treatment to week 6 to week 12 (median values 1.2, 0.5 and 0.4% respectively, p=0.27 Wilcoxon test), with a >3-fold reduction in mean percentage of cells expressing DNMT1 in the same period (Turkey-Kramer test p<0.001). Consistent with differentiation-mediated cell cycle exit, median p27/CDKN1B expression increased from 26.8 to 66.2 to 78.7% of bone marrow cells (p<0.001), with a concomitant decrease in median KI67 expression from 65.8 to 46.2 to 28.7% (p<0.001) (table 1). ORR of only 40% despite major p27 and cytogenetic responses and stable disease in almost all subjects (table 1), suggested that relief of cytopenia may require a threshold of normal stem cell reserve and a supportive marrow microenvironment. Accordingly, in HI/CR versus other subjects, median duration of disease was 855 versus 1350 days (p=0.15), and median pre-treatment bone marrow cellularity was 65 versus 30% (p=0.14). In conclusion, this study provides clinical proof of principle that a decitabine regimen rationalized for non-cytotoxic epigenetic-differentiation effects is active in myeloid malignancy, correlates with molecular markers of terminal differentiation, and has potentially important safety and efficacy advantages over cytotoxic therapy that warrant further evaluation and optimization. All subjects: baseline and response characteristics Refer to the abstract for statistics Disclosures: No relevant conflicts of interest to declare.
    ASH Annual Meeting Abstracts. 01/2014; 118:3830.
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: The clinical relevance of mismatches at the major histocompatibility complex class I-related chain A (MICA) in hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) remains unclear. We investigated the association of MICA donor/recipient mismatch and whether there is an interaction between these and HLA-DPB1 mismatch on clinical outcomes following unrelated donor HSCT. Our study included 227 patients who underwent unrelated donor allogeneic HSCT at our institution between 2000 and 2010. Among these, 177 (78%) received HSCT from a 10/10 HLA-matched donor. MICA genotyping was performed using commercially available kits. In univariable analysis, the risk of grade II-IV acute GvHD was greater for patients with MICA mismatch (hazard ratio (HR) 1.73, p=0.02) than for HLA-DPB1 mismatch (HR 1.62, p=0.07). When MICA and HLA-DPB1 were assessed simultaneously, patients mismatched at both loci had the greatest risk (HR 2.51, p<0.01) and those mismatched at only one locus had somewhat greater risk (HR 1.53, p=0.12) than patients matched at both loci; this remained significant in multivariable analysis. 100-day incidence was 66%, 45%, and 31% (p=0.03). Results were similar for grade III-IV acute GvHD, with 100-day incidence 34%, 16%, and 8% (p=0.01). These results are clinically pertinent to donor selection strategies and indicate that patients with mismatch at both MICA and HLA-DPB1 are at increased risk for acute GvHD.
    Biology of blood and marrow transplantation : journal of the American Society for Blood and Marrow Transplantation. 01/2014;
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: A previous interim report of MM-011, the first study that combined lenalidomide with anthracycline-based chemotherapy followed by lenalidomide maintenance for relapsed and/or refractory multiple myeloma (RRMM), showed promising safety and activity. We report the long-term outcomes of all 76 treated patients with follow-up ≥5 years. This single-center phase I/II study administered lenalidomide (10 mg on days 1-21 of every 28-day cycle), intravenous liposomal doxorubicin (40 mg/m(2) on day 8), dexamethasone (40 mg on days 8-11), and intravenous vincristine (2 mg on day 8). After 4-6 planned induction cycles, lenalidomide maintenance therapy was given at the last tolerated dose until progression, with or without 50 mg prednisone every other day. The median number of previous therapies was 3 (range, 1-7); 49 (64.5%) patients had refractory disease. Forty-three (56.6%) patients received maintenance therapy. Grade 3/4 adverse events occurred during induction and maintenance therapy in 48.7% and 25.6% of patients, respectively. Four (5.3%) treatment-related deaths occurred during induction. Responses were seen in 53.0% (at least partial response) and 71.2% (at least minor response) of patients. Overall, median progression-free survival and overall survival were 10.5 and 19.0 months, respectively; in patients with refractory disease these values were 7.5 and 11.3 months, respectively. Lenalidomide with anthracycline-based chemotherapy followed by maintenance lenalidomide provided durable control in patients with RRMM. (ClinicalTrials.gov number, NCT00091624).
    American Journal of Hematology 11/2013; · 4.00 Impact Factor
  • Bone marrow transplantation 06/2013; · 3.00 Impact Factor
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Abstract 1696 The standard treatment concept and approach in MDS aims for apoptosis-induction in expanding malignant clones in the hope that this will permit recovery by functionally normal hematopoietic stem cells (HSC). This concept is fundamentally undermined, however, by frequent genetic deletion in MDS/AML cells of key apoptosis genes. Hence, therapy selects for relapse with the most apoptosis-resistant malignant subclones (e.g., p53-null) while destroying crucial normal HSC (which have intact apoptosis-pathways). Observations regarding biology of sustained proliferation (MYC activity) in MDS/AML suggested an alternative approach: key late-differentiation MYC-antagonist genes (e.g., CEBPE) are repressed epigenetically even though lineage-specifying transcription factors (TF) (e.g., CEBPA) that drive expression of these genes are highly expressed. The basis for this paradox has been exposed: MDS/AML associated genetic abnormalities (e.g., RUNX1 mutation) favor recruitment of corepressors (e.g., DNMT1) instead of coactivators to lineage-specifying TF, thereby repressing differentiation target genes. Thus, in pre-clinical MDS/AML models, depleting DNMT1 by non-cytotoxic methods triggers MYC-antagonist expression and irreversible cell cycle exit by p53/p16-independent differentiation pathways (CEBPE-p27). The same treatment spares normal HSC, which unlike AML stem cells, do not express high levels of lineage-specifying TF. To translate these observations, this NIH-supported clinical trial (NCT01165996) incorporated the following novelty: (i) Lower dose of the cytidine analogue decitabine (DAC, Eisai) than in any previous trials (3.5–7 mg/m2) since hemoglobinopathy clinical trials demonstrated that these low doses deplete DNMT1 in normal HSC without cytotoxicity/apoptosis; (ii) SC instead of IV administration to avoid high peak levels that cause apoptosis; (iii) Use of the lack of toxicity to administer drug frequently 1–3X/week, to catch more MDS cells in S-phase via greater exposure times and distribution than in previous MDS trials (FDA-approved schedules only treat MDS cells entering S-phase in the first few days of multi-week cycles); (iv) Scientific correlates to measure non-cytotoxic, epigenetic-differentiation mechanism of action. Sample size = 25 as planned, 10/25 (40%) were relapsed/refractory after 5-azacytidine and/or lenalidomide, median age = 72y (range 46–85y), median disease duration = 900d (range 60–4680d). Anti-emetics were not needed, and cytotoxic side-effects e.g., hair loss did not occur. Neutropenic fever (NF) occurred in 11 subjects (5 had NF and 8 had ANC<500 prior to therapy). There was one treatment-associated fatality from sepsis. Though non-cytotoxic, suppression of clonal hematopoiesis is intended: nadir preceded complete remission (CR) 4/25 (16%) or hematologic improvement (HI) 7/25 (28%) (CR + HI = 47%) and 10/25 stable disease (SD) (CR+HI+SD = 84%) (IWG criteria). In transfusion dependent patients durations of transfusion independence for platelets (n=5) were median 343d (range 186–707d), 3/5 ongoing; for RBC (n=10) median 399d (range 290–696d), 5/10 ongoing. Complete cytogenetic remissions (CyR) occurred in 6/12 (50%) and partial CyR in 2/12 (17%) (overall CyR = 67%). Consistent with a p53-independent mechanism, CyR occurred even in poor risk cytogenetics, and increasing DAC frequency salvaged loss of response. Higher marrow cellularity was the best predictor of CR/HI, and CyR was substantially higher than CR/HI, underscoring that despite efficacious clone suppression, marrow HSC reserve is crucial to relief of cytopenia. Non-cytotoxic epigenetic-differentiation mechanism was confirmed by marrow IHC and FCM measurement of DNMT1, g-H2AX, p27/CDKN1B, MYC, and KI67 (3rd party quantification). Differentiation therapy transformed the outlook for M3 AML. Not surprisingly, a worthy goal has been to extend this paradigm. Biology of sustained MYC activity in MDS/AML guided logical repurposing of DAC for non-cytotoxic differentiation therapy even in MDS/AML with complex cytogenetics. Tolerance permits ready application despite age or comorbidities. Treatment exposure time and surrogates of normal HSC reserve are more important predictors of CR/HI than disease-mutations, and some patients may require separate measures (e.g., cytokines) to boost normal HSC diminished by age and previous insults. Disclosures: Reu: Celgene: Research Funding. Maciejewski: NIH: Research Funding; Aplastic Anemia&MDS International Foundation: Research Funding. Saunthararajah: Cleveland Clinic Innovation: patent application for oral THU-decitabine., patent application for oral THU-decitabine. Patents & Royalties. Off Label Use: lower dose of decitabine, subcutaneous administration, metronomic administration. Footnotes * Asterisk with author names denotes non-ASH members.
    54th ASH Annual Meeting and Exposition, Atlanta, GA; 12/2012
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: The standard treatment concept and approach in MDS aims for apoptosis-induction in expanding malignant clones in the hope that this will permit recovery by functionally normal hematopoietic stem cells (HSC). This concept is fundamentally undermined, however, by frequent genetic deletion in MDS/AML cells of key apoptosis genes. Hence, therapy selects for relapse with the most apoptosis-resistant malignant subclones (e.g., p53-null) while destroying crucial normal HSC (which have intact apoptosis-pathways). Observations regarding biology of sustained proliferation (MYC activity) in MDS/AML suggested an alternative approach: key late-differentiation MYC-antagonist genes (e.g., CEBPE) are repressed epigenetically even though lineage-specifying transcription factors (TF) (e.g., CEBPA) that drive expression of these genes are highly expressed. The basis for this paradox has been exposed: MDS/AML associated genetic abnormalities (e.g., RUNX1 mutation) favor recruitment of corepressors (e.g., DNMT1) instead of coactivators to lineage-specifying TF, thereby repressing differentiation target genes. Thus, in pre-clinical MDS/AML models, depleting DNMT1 by non-cytotoxic methods triggers MYC-antagonist expression and irreversible cell cycle exit by p53/p16-independent differentiation pathways (CEBPE-p27). The same treatment spares normal HSC, which unlike AML stem cells, do not express high levels of lineage-specifying TF. To translate these observations, this NIH-supported clinical trial (NCT01165996) incorporated the following novelty: (i) Lower dose of the cytidine analogue decitabine (DAC, Eisai) than in any previous trials (3.5–7 mg/m2) since hemoglobinopathy clinical trials demonstrated that these low doses deplete DNMT1 in normal HSC without cytotoxicity/apoptosis; (ii) SC instead of IV administration to avoid high peak levels that cause apoptosis; (iii) Use of the lack of toxicity to administer drug frequently 1–3X/week, to catch more MDS cells in S-phase via greater exposure times and distribution than in previous MDS trials (FDA-approved schedules only treat MDS cells entering S-phase in the first few days of multi-week cycles); (iv) Scientific correlates to measure non-cytotoxic, epigenetic-differentiation mechanism of action. Sample size = 25 as planned, 10/25 (40%) were relapsed/refractory after 5-azacytidine and/or lenalidomide, median age = 72y (range 46–85y), median disease duration = 900d (range 60–4680d). Anti-emetics were not needed, and cytotoxic side-effects e.g., hair loss did not occur. Neutropenic fever (NF) occurred in 11 subjects (5 had NF and 8 had ANC<500 prior to therapy). There was one treatment-associated fatality from sepsis. Though non-cytotoxic, suppression of clonal hematopoiesis is intended: nadir preceded complete remission (CR) 4/25 (16%) or hematologic improvement (HI) 7/25 (28%) (CR + HI = 47%) and 10/25 stable disease (SD) (CR+HI+SD = 84%) (IWG criteria). In transfusion dependent patients durations of transfusion independence for platelets (n=5) were median 343d (range 186–707d), 3/5 ongoing; for RBC (n=10) median 399d (range 290–696d), 5/10 ongoing. Complete cytogenetic remissions (CyR) occurred in 6/12 (50%) and partial CyR in 2/12 (17%) (overall CyR = 67%). Consistent with a p53-independent mechanism, CyR occurred even in poor risk cytogenetics, and increasing DAC frequency salvaged loss of response. Higher marrow cellularity was the best predictor of CR/HI, and CyR was substantially higher than CR/HI, underscoring that despite efficacious clone suppression, marrow HSC reserve is crucial to relief of cytopenia. Non-cytotoxic epigenetic-differentiation mechanism was confirmed by marrow IHC and FCM measurement of DNMT1, g-H2AX, p27/CDKN1B, MYC, and KI67 (3rd party quantification). Differentiation therapy transformed the outlook for M3 AML. Not surprisingly, a worthy goal has been to extend this paradigm. Biology of sustained MYC activity in MDS/AML guided logical repurposing of DAC for non-cytotoxic differentiation therapy even in MDS/AML with complex cytogenetics. Tolerance permits ready application despite age or comorbidities. Treatment exposure time and surrogates of normal HSC reserve are more important predictors of CR/HI than disease- mutations, and some patients may require separate measures (e.g., cytokines) to boost normal HSC diminished by age and previous insults. Disclosures: Reu: Celgene: Research Funding. Maciejewski: NIH: Research Funding; Aplastic Anemia&MDS International Foundation: Research Funding. Saunthararajah: Cleveland Clinic Innovation: patent application for oral THU-decitabine., patent application for oral THU-decitabine. Patents & Royalties. Off Label Use: lower dose of decitabine, subcutaneous administration, metronomic administration. Footnotes * Asterisk with author names denotes non-ASH members.
    54th ASH Annual Meeting and Exposition, Atlanta, GA; 11/2012
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Patient readmission within 30 days from discharge has been perceived by the Centers for Medicare and Medical Services as an indicator of poor healthcare quality for specific high-cost medical conditions. Patients who undergo allogeneic hematopoietic cell transplantation (allo-HCT) are often being readmitted. Our study identified the risk factors for 30-day readmission among 618 adult recipients of myeloablative allo-HCT from 1990 to 2009. Two hundred forty-two (39%) of 618 patients (median age = 42 years [range: 18-66]) were readmitted a median of 10 days (range: 1-30) from their hospital discharge. Median duration of readmission was 8 days (range: 0-103). Infections (n = 68), fever with or without identified source of infection (n = 63), gastrointestinal complications (n = 44), graft-versus-host disease (GVHD) (n = 38), and other reasons (n = 29) accounted for 28%, 26%, 18%, 16%, and 12% of readmissions, respectively. During their index admission, patients who were subsequently readmitted had more documented infections (P < .001), higher hematopoietic cell transplantation comorbidity index (HCT-CI) (P < .01), total body irridiation (TBI)-based conditioning (P < .001), unrelated donor (P < .001), and peripheral stem cell (P = .014) transplantation. In multivariable analysis, HCT-CI (odds ratio [OR] = 1.78; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.25-2.52), TBI-based preparative regimen (OR = 2.63; 95% CI, 1.67-4.13), and infection during admission for allo-HSCT (OR = 2.00; 95% CI, 1.37-2.92) predicted 30-day readmission. Thirty-day readmission itself was an independent predictor of all-cause mortality (hazard ratio [HR](Adj) = 1.66; 95% CI, 1.36-2.10). Our data emphasize the importance of a risk-standardized approach to 30-day hospital readmission if it is used as a quality-of-care metric for bone marrow transplantation.
    Biology of blood and marrow transplantation: journal of the American Society for Blood and Marrow Transplantation 10/2011; 18(6):874-80. · 3.15 Impact Factor
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Fludarabine is an effective treatment for follicular lymphoma (FL), but exposure to it negatively impacts stem cell mobilization and may increase the risk of subsequent myelodysplastic syndrome and acute myelogenous leukemia (t-MDS/AML). We hypothesized that the risk that fludarabine imparts to stem cell mobilization and t-MDS/AML would be affected by dose or timing. All patients with FL treated at Cleveland Clinic from 1991 to 2007 with autologous hematopoietic cell transplantation were evaluated. Recursive partitioning analysis was used to explore associations of fludarabine and mitoxantrone dose and timing with poor stem cell harvest and t-MDS/AML. We identified 171 patients, of whom 52 previously received fludarabine. Patients exposed to fludarabine prior to auto-HCT were more likely to require >5 days of leukapheresis (P<0.001) and second stem cell mobilization (P<0.001), especially at a cumulative dose >150 mg/m(2). Univariable risk factors for t-MDS/AML included the number of chemotherapy regimens before auto-HCT, the need for >5 days of leukapheresis to collect CD34+ cells and fludarabine exposure in a dose-dependent manner, particularly when >500 mg/m(2). A cumulative dose of fludarabine >150 mg/m(2) increases the risk for poor stem cell harvests and any exposure increases the risk of t-MDS/AML, with the greatest risk being at doses >500 mg/m(2).
    Bone marrow transplantation 05/2011; 47(4):488-93. · 3.00 Impact Factor
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: High dose chemotherapy followed by autologous stem cell transplantation (ASCT) is the preferred treatment modality for patients with relapsed or refractory diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL). To assess long-term outcomes of these patients, we retrospectively analysed data from 309 consecutive patients who underwent ASCT for DLBCL between 1994 and 2006. We found that non-relapse mortality (NRM) became the major cause of death beginning approximately 8 years after ASCT. The most common causes of NRM during the study period were respiratory failure (31%), infection (13%), cardiac toxicity (15%) and secondary malignancy (15%). The strongest predictor of relapse mortality (RM) was disease status at transplant: patients who were in second or greater complete or partial remission had a higher risk of RM than those in first complete or partial remission [hazard ratio (HR) 3·7, P<0·001], as did those who were relapsed or refractory (HR 4·9, P<0·001). We describe the longest reported follow-up of a large cohort of DLBCL patients uniformly-treated with ASCT. Although relapse was initially the more likely cause of death, NRM exceeded RM after 8 years. After ASCT, surviving patients have significantly increased risk mortality rates relative to the general population and this excess risk persists over time.
    British Journal of Haematology 03/2011; 152(5):561-9. · 4.94 Impact Factor
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Prior series have demonstrated that early relapsed (within 1 year) or refractory Hodgkin lymphoma (HL) is associated with poor prognosis. To determine the outcome for patients with early relapsed/refractory HL in the modern era, we combined data from two large transplant centres, Cleveland Clinic Taussig Cancer Institute (CCTCI) and Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center (MSKCC), and analysed consecutive patients transplanted for relapsed/refractory HL following induction failure or remission durations of <1 year. Two hundred and fourteen patients were analysed and the event-free survival (EFS) and overall survival (OS) at 6 years for all patients were 45% and 55%, respectively. Factors significant for prognosis in multivariate analysis were extranodal disease and bulky disease (≥5 cm). Patients with 0, 1, or 2 risk factors achieved 6 year EFS of 65%, 47%, and 24% and 6 year OS of 81%, 55%, and 27%, respectively. Patients with the sole risk factor of early relapsed/refractory disease achieved good outcomes in this large series; however the presence of bulk and/or extranodal disease significantly reduced EFS and OS. Patients with these additional risk factors are best suited for clinical trials investigating novel salvage regimens and post-transplant maintenance strategies.
    British Journal of Haematology 03/2011; 153(3):358-63. · 4.94 Impact Factor
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: The standard approach for relapsed diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL) involves auto-SCT. However, studies that established this approach were conducted before the inclusion of rituximab (R) with first-line therapy became routine. Whether DLBCL patients (pts) relapsing after first-line chemoimmunotherapy including R derive a comparable benefit from auto-SCT to pts in the pre-R era is unknown. We analyzed outcomes after auto-SCT for relapsed DLBCL among pts receiving initial R and those who did not. We reviewed 257 consecutive pts with relapsed DLBCL treated at our institution with auto-SCT. In all, 226 pts were included in the analysis, of whom 161 had received no R and 65 received R as part of first-line therapy (Planned R). Median OS and relapse-free survival, measured from transplant, were similar between No R vs Planned R groups: 67 vs 44 months (P=0.3) and 25 vs 27 months (P=0.8), respectively. A further analysis was carried out between two cohorts matched by propensity analysis. Again, no differences in outcomes were observed. This suggests that auto-SCT may be equally effective in pts relapsing after first-line therapy including R, and should remain the standard of care for relapsed DLBCL.
    Bone marrow transplantation 02/2011; 46(2):262-6. · 3.00 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Hyper-CVAD (fractionated cyclophosphamide, vincristine, doxorubicin, and dexamethasone combined with cytarabine and methotrexate) is an intense chemotherapy regimen frequently used for hematologic malignancies including mantle cell lymphoma. To address whether treatment with hyper-CVAD impairs mobilization of peripheral blood stem cells, we retrospectively analyzed mobilization data from 77 consecutive adult patients with mantle cell lymphoma who underwent peripheral blood stem cell (PBSC) mobilization for planned autologous stem cell transplant (ASCT). Compared to patients treated with alternative regimens, patients treated with hyper-CVAD collected fewer CD34+ cells, required more total days of pheresis, and more frequently required a second mobilization attempt, despite being more likely to have undergone mobilization with a VP16-containing regimen. In multivariable linear regression analysis, treatment with hyper-CVAD was associated with a significant reduction in total CD34+ cells mobilized (p < 0.001). These findings suggest that alternative mobilizing strategies prior to ASCT are needed for patients with mantle cell lymphoma who have received hyper-CVAD.
    Leukemia & lymphoma 02/2011; 52(6):986-93. · 2.61 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Cytomegalovirus reactivation is common after reduced-intensity conditioning allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplant. Natural killer and T cells mediate immunity against viruses including cytomegalovirus. The alloreactivity of natural killer cells and some T-cell subsets is mediated through the interaction of their killer immunoglobulin-like receptors with target cell ligands. This study sought to assess whether donor inhibitory or activating killer immunoglobulin-like receptor genotypes may influence post-transplant cytomegalovirus reactivation in transplant recipients. We analyzed 64 patients who underwent T-cell replete, matched sibling donor reduced-intensity conditioning allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation at our institution. Transplant recipients were categorized according to their HLA inhibitory killer immunoglobulin-like receptor ligand groups. Donor killer immunoglobulin-like receptor genotypes were determined and then were assessed for correlations with cytomegalovirus reactivation in transplant recipients. No differences in cytomegalovirus reactivation were observed when comparing those with or without missing inhibitory killer immunoglobulin-like receptor ligands. When considering the number of donor activating killer immunoglobulin-like receptor genes, those with 5 or 6 had less cytomegalovirus reactivation than those with 1 to 4 (19% vs 48%; P = .029). The difference could not be attributed to baseline patient or transplant characteristics. No specific activating killer immunoglobulin-like receptor genotype was found to be associated with cytomegalovirus reactivation. These observations indicate that assessment of donor killer immunoglobulin-like receptor genotype may have important implications for predicting cytomegalovirus reactivation after T-cell replete, matched sibling donor reduced intensity conditioning allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplant.
    Experimental and clinical transplantation : official journal of the Middle East Society for Organ Transplantation. 02/2011; 9(1):7-13.
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Early and reliable prediction of the likelihood of achieving adequate stem cell collection for autologous stem cell transplantation (ASCT) in patients with multiple myeloma (MM) would improve collection efficiency, prevent unnecessary aphereses, and permit appropriate treatment alterations. No previous study has reported a threshold CD34+ cell collection quantity on Day 1 or 2 of leukapheresis that could predict successful stem cell collection. We performed a retrospective analysis of all MM patients undergoing first attempt of stem cell collection at our institution from 2001 through 2008. Recursive partitioning analysis was used to identify Day 1 or Day 1+2 CD34+ collection quantity that predicted failure to reach target ≥ 2 × 10(6) CD34+ cells/kg within five days of collection. Totally, 172 patients were included in the analysis. Patients underwent mobilization with G-CSF or G-CSF+ chemotherapy. 23 of 172 patients (13.4%) failed to collect sufficient (≥ 2 × 10(6) CD34+ cells/kg) CD34+ cells after five days of apheresis: 22 of 29 who collected ≤ 0.70 × 10(6) CD34+ cells/kg and 1 of 143 who collected > 0.70 × 10(6) CD34+ cells/kg (75.9% vs. 0.7%, P < 0.001) on Day 1. Collection failure occurred in 23 of 30 patients who collected ≤ 1.54 × 10(6) CD34+ cells/kg and 0 of 142 who collected >1.54 × 10(6) CD34+ cells/kg (76.7% vs. 0%, P < 0.001) on Days 1 + 2. Day 1 CD34+ cell collection quantity identifies patients unlikely to achieve adequate collection for ASCT. Patients who collect ≤ 0.70 × 10(6) CD34+ cells/kg on day 1 could be considered for treatment modifications to improve CD34+ collection, such as early administration of plerixafor or large volume apheresis.
    Journal of Clinical Apheresis 01/2011; 26(3):111-5. · 2.27 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (SCT) for patients who have previously undergone allogeneic or autologous SCT is potentially curative, but dangerous. To identify patient, disease, and treatment characteristics associated with outcome, we analyzed prognostic factors in 98 consecutive patients who underwent second transplants using allogeneic donors at the Cleveland Clinic between May 1987 and October 2008. Inclusion criteria included age ≥18 years, first SCT either autologous or allogeneic, and second SCT allogeneic. Patients whose second transplant was myeloablative (MA) had shorter survival (median 3.2 versus 14.7 months, P < .001) than patients whose second transplant was nonmyeloablative (NMA). In multivariable analysis, MA second transplant was associated with a higher risk of NRM (hazard ratio [HR] 2.01, P = 0.022) and death (HR 2.13, P = 0.002). Improved survival after NMA second transplant occurred primarily in patients without acute leukemia and when the first transplant was allogeneic. Among 17 patients transplanted within 3 months of first transplant, mortality was 100% and median survival was 2.3 months. MA transplantation within 3 months of prior SCT carries an unacceptably high rate of NRM. NMA second transplants were associated with substantially less NRM and despite a higher incidence of relapse, significantly improved survival compared to MA second transplants.
    Biology of blood and marrow transplantation: journal of the American Society for Blood and Marrow Transplantation 12/2010; 16(12):1738-46. · 3.15 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Vitamin D (VD) deficiency can cause osteomalacia, bone pain, muscle weakness, fatigue, and increased risk of fracture, and may precipitate or exacerbate osteopenia and osteoporosis. Patients receiving treatment for acute myeloid leukemia (AML) or acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) may have limited exposure to sunlight and often experience gastrointestinal side effects that may decrease their ability to maintain an adequate VD level. We hypothesized that patients with AML and ALL would have a low VD level after allogeneic hematopoietic cell transplant (HCT), and that these patients would have a high incidence of osteoporosis/osteopenia. We therefore studied the incidence of low VD level and low bone mineral density after HCT. Of 289 patients with AML or ALL undergoing HCT between January 1, 2000, and January 31, 2009, at the Cleveland Clinic, 58 (20.1%) patients had VD testing after HCT. Of these, 52 (89.7%) patients had a low VD level, and 6 (10.3%) had a normal level. Most patients with VD testing had graft-versus-host disease (GVHD) and were taking corticosteroids (94.8% and 98.3%, respectively). Of the 49 patients with VD testing who also had bone mineral density testing, 65% had abnormal (low bone density) results. Only 21% of patients with VD testing were taking VD supplements prior to testing, and 65% had an elevated parathyroid hormone level. We found that most patients did not have VD testing after HCT, but those that did were very likely to have a low level and have low bone mineral density. Those with a low VD level were likely to have received corticosteroids, have GVHD, and have an elevated parathyroid hormone (PTH) level. Given the potential morbidity of low VD level, VD deficiency should be considered after HCT. Prospective study of VD level and its impact on morbidity and mortality after HCT is warranted.
    Biology of blood and marrow transplantation: journal of the American Society for Blood and Marrow Transplantation 12/2010; 17(7):1079-83. · 3.15 Impact Factor
  • Source
    British Journal of Haematology 10/2010; 152(1):116-9. · 4.94 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Patients with acute myeloid leukemia (AML) with intermediate or high risk cytogenetics are often considered for allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplant (AHSCT) in first remission. Between attainment of remission and AHSCT, post-remission chemotherapy is frequently administered, though there is no evidence for its effectiveness. This study was performed to determine the impact of post-remission chemotherapy on outcome after AHSCT. A subset analysis was performed to determine whether the influence of post-remission chemotherapy might be different in those with intermediate compared to high risk cytogenetics. There was no significant difference in relapse mortality (RM) (p = 0.70), non-relapse mortality (NRM) (p = 0.12), or survival (OS) (p = 0.15) between post-remission chemotherapy groups. There was no difference in RM, NRM, or OS between cytogenetic groups according to whether they received post-remission chemotherapy. No differential effect between intermediate and high risk cytogenetics was detected (RM, p = 0.80; NRM, p = 0.23; OS, p = 0.26). These data do not show a benefit of post-remission chemotherapy before AHSCT.
    Leukemia & lymphoma 09/2010; 51(9):1699-704. · 2.61 Impact Factor
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Mantle cell lymphoma (MCL) is a unique, recently recognized entity with a variable clinical course [1]. Its historical grouping as an indolent lymphoma belies its common behavior, which is generally aggressive and incurable, with a median survival of about 5 years with modern therapy [2]. In an effort to improve outcomes in MCL, intensified therapies, including the rituximab plus HyperCVAD regimen [3] and incorporation of hematopoetic progenitor cell transplantation (HPCT) [4-6], have been used. However, although capable of inducing remissions in most patients, there is little proof that intensive first-line therapy prolongs overall survival (OS), and a continual relapse pattern is commonly observed [4,7-10].
    American Journal of Hematology 06/2010; 85(6):454-6. · 4.00 Impact Factor

Publication Stats

222 Citations
85.55 Total Impact Points

Institutions

  • 2007–2014
    • Cleveland Clinic
      • Department of Hematologic Oncology and Blood Disorders
      Cleveland, Ohio, United States
  • 2010
    • Fairbanks Memorial Hospital
      Fairbanks, Alaska, United States