J L Gaudin

CHU de Lyon - Hôpital de la Croix-Rousse, Lyons, Rhône-Alpes, France

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Publications (22)42.78 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: One case of small bowel's intussuception has been found in one patient with abdominal pains. Since 13 years this patient has a Peutz-Jeghers syndrome. A resection of the small bowel has been performed followed by total intraoperative enteroscopy. Besides small bowel, Peutz-Jeghers syndrome can affect many organs with an increased risk for cancer for patients affected by this genetic disease.
    Annales de Chirurgie 12/2002; 127(9):714-7. · 0.35 Impact Factor
  • Annales de Chirurgie 01/2002; 127(9). · 0.35 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: One case of small bowel’s intussuception has been found in one patient with abdominal pains. Since 13 years this patient has a Peutz-Jeghers syndrome. A resection of the small bowel has been performed followed by total intraoperative enteroscopy. Besides small bowel, Peutz-Jeghers syndrome can affect many organs with an increased risk for cancer for patients affected by this genetic desease.
    Annales de Chirurgie. 01/2002;
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    ABSTRACT: The purpose of this work was to evaluate the detection and characterization of nodules > or = 8 mm and small hepatocellular carcinomas (HCCs) in liver cirrhosis. Pathologic examination and results of US, helical CT, and dynamic MRI with gadolinium were compared after orthotopic liver transplantation (OLT) of 43 cirrhotic patients. Nodules were classified as macroregenerative nodules (MRNs), borderline nodules (BNs), and HCC. Pathologic examination classified 69 nodules: 50 MRNs, 6 BNs, and 13 HCCs. Sensitivities of MRN, BN, and HCC detection were, respectively, for US imaging 2% (1/50), 33.3% (2/6), and 46.2% (6/13); for helical CT 2% (1/50), 50% (3/6), and 53.8% (7/13); and for MRI 42% (21/50), 50% (3/6), and 76.9% (10/13). MRI detected 21 MRNs. They presented on T1/T2-weighted images as hyperintense/hypointense (n = 8), hyperintense/isointense (n = 7), hypointense/hypointense (n = 4), hypointense/isointense (n = 1), and hypointense depicted only on echo planar imaging (n = 1). The three detected BNs were hyperintense/hypointense nodules. The 10 detected HCCs appeared hyperintense/isointense (n = 7), hyperintense/hypointense (n = 2), and hypointense/isointense (n = 1). None of the MRNs but eight HCCs and one BN were enhanced after gadolinium injection. Contrast-enhanced MRI is the most sensitive technique for detecting liver nodules. No MR signal intensity pattern characteristic of small HCCs enables differentiation from benign nodules, however. Gadolinium enhancement is the most sensitive and specific characteristic of HCC.
    Journal of Computer Assisted Tomography 04/2001; 25(3):327-36. · 1.58 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The aim of this prospective, randomized, study performed in 60 outpatients was to compare 2 precolonoscopy bowel preparations: oral sodium phosphate (NaP) versus standard polyethylene glycol-based lavage solution (PEG). None of the patients met any of NaP exclusion criteria. All patients were prepared on the day prior to colonoscopy. A patient-questionnaire and measure of serum electrolytes (calcium, phosphate, sodium, potassium), pulse and blood pressure were used to assess tolerance and acceptability of the preparation. The quality of colon cleansing was judged by blinded endoscopists. Patient's tolerance to NaP was superior to PEG: NaP preparation was easier to drink and feelings of abdominal plenitude occurred in a smaller proportion of patients. A potassium decrease, a sodium increase and hyperphosphatemia were observed in the NaP group but without clinical events. PEG preparation seemed to allow a better cleansing ability compared with NaP but this difference was not statistically significant. NaP solution was better tolerated and accepted by patients. Colonic preparation quality compared to PEG is still to be discussed depending on the intake schedule. A biochemical data check seems necessary on account of significant serum electrolytes changes induced by NaP preparation.
    Gastroentérologie Clinique et Biologique 02/2001; 25(1):29-34. · 1.14 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The aim of this study was to report the results of a retrospective series of 26 patients with Barrett's esophagus treated by antireflux surgery. From 1979 to 1998, 21 men and five women (mean age: 53 years) with histologically proven Barrett's esophagus underwent an antireflux procedure. The mean length of Barrett's epithelium was 5.9 cm for 19 patients (73.1%). Six patients (23.1%) had tongue lesions of Barrett's epithelium, and one (3.8%) had ectopic gastric mucosa. None of the patients had a preoperative esophageal biopsy that revealed high-grade dysplasia or carcinoma. Laparotomy was performed in 17 cases and laparoscopy in nine cases. Preoperative endoscopic local treatment with argon coagulation was performed in one patient. Clinical mean follow-up was 78 months and endoscopic mean follow-up was 59.3 months. No increase in the length of the Barrett's epithelium was observed. Seven patients (27%) had complete or partial regression (among them three patients with tongue lesions and one patient preoperatively treated by argon). No patients developed high-grade dysplasia or carcinoma. Regression of Barrett's esophagus is possible but not frequent and unpredictable after antireflux procedure. However, endoscopic and histological surveillance should be continued postoperatively.
    Chirurgie 10/1999; 124(4):398-405.
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    ABSTRACT: Study aimThe aim of this study was to report the results of a retrospective series of 26 patients with Barrett's esophagus treated by antireflux surgery.Patients and methodsFrom 1979 to 1998, 21 men and five women (mean age: 53 years) with histologically proven Barrett's esophagus underwent an antireflux procedure. The mean length of Barrett's epithelium was 5.9 cm for 19 patients (73.1%).Six patients (23.1%) had tongue lesions of Barrett's epithelium, and one (3.8%) had ectopic gastric mucosa. None of the patients had a preoperative esophageal biopsy that revealed high-grade dysplasia or carcinoma. Laparotomy was performed in 17 cases and laparoscopy in nine cases. Preoperative endoscopic local treatment with argon coagulation was performed in one patient.ResultsClinical mean follow-up was 78 months and endoscopic mean follow-up was 59.3 months. No increase in the length of the Barrett's epithelium was observed. Seven patients (27%) had complete or partial regression (among them three patients with tongue lesions and one patient preoperatively treated by argon). No patients developed high-grade dysplasia or carcinoma.ConclusionRegression of Barrett's esophagus is possible but not frequent and unpredictable after antireflux procedure. However, endoscopic and histological surveillance should be continued postoperatively.
    Chirurgie 09/1999;
  • Gastroentérologie Clinique et Biologique 12/1998; 22(11):974-5. · 1.14 Impact Factor
  • Endoscopy 04/1998; 30(3):S38-9. · 5.74 Impact Factor
  • Gastroenterology 01/1998; 114. · 12.82 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Abdominal tuberculosis is rarely encountered in developed countries, representing less than 1% of all forms of tuberculosis. There has however been a revival over the last few years. The initial diagnoses suspected in two young multiparous patients who had immigrated to France were malignant lymphoma and ovarian carcinoma. After the final diagnosis of abdominal tuberculosis was made, the clinical course rapidly improved. Any abdominal organ may be involved in this localization of tuberculosis, but symptoms are not specific and diagnosis can often be missed. Tumor-forming abdominal mass is an exceptional finding and often mimics malignancy. Clinicians should be aware of this localization, particularly in light of epidemiological features, and examine all modern diagnostic procedures.
    La Presse Médicale 12/1997; 26(36):1717-21. · 0.87 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The aim of this study was to assess the feasibility and efficacy of transjugular intrahepatic portosystemic shunts for refractory variceal bleeding, uncontrolled by sclerotherapy or endoscopic ligation. 11 patients (mean age: 52 years) with cirrhosis admitted for refractory haemorrhage from ruptured oesophageal varices were included in this study. Eight patients were Child-Pugh class C. All patients were actively bleeding. All the procedures were successful. Variceal haemorrhage stopped within 24 h. There was no mortality during the procedure. Early complications such as rebleeding (18%) and thrombosis (18%) occurred. Thirty days mortality was 27%. Follow-up in the 8 surviving patients was 19.5 +/- 8 months. Three patients developed recurrent bleeding, from non-variceal sources in 2. In 4 surviving patients, occlusion of the shunt was treated with dilatation or insertion of a second stent. The incidence of hepatic encephalopathy was 25%. Five patients subsequently underwent liver transplantation. Among the 3 patients ineligible for transplantation, one died of hepatocellular carcinoma after 10 months. The 2 others were alive after 19 and 25 months, respectively. These results suggest that transjugular intrahepatic portosystemic shunt is a safe and effective procedure of portal decompression in patients with refractory variceal bleeding. Prospective trials comparing this percutaneous procedure and surgical treatment are required.
    Gastroentérologie Clinique et Biologique 12/1995; 19(11):903-8. · 1.14 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The aim of this study was to assess the morbidity and efficacy of endoscopic variceal ligation for the prophylaxis of rebleeding from oesophageal varices. Forty-five patients with cirrhosis (Child's class: A: 18, B: 16, C: 11) and recent (< 48 h) variceal bleeding were included. Eleven of the patients were included after failure of sclerotherapy. All patients were treated by endoscopic ligation until the complete eradication of oesophageal varices. The mean follow-up was 8.7 +/- 6.8 months. Oesophageal varices were eradicated in 40 patients (89%) after an average of 2 sessions (range: 1-5). In a subset of 11 patients treated after failure of sclerotherapy, 8 (73%) had complete eradication of oesophageal varices. Six of the 45 patients (13%) had recurrence of haemorrhage, due to post-ligation ulcerations in 5 cases and to rupture of oesophageal varices in one case. The rate of complications was 7%. Of the 40 patients whose oesophageal varices were eradicated, 7 (17%) were lost for follow up, and another treatment was performed in 4 (10%): liver transplantation in 2, and transjugular intrahepatic portosystemic shunt in 2. Recurrence of oesophageal varices after eradication was observed in 3 (10%) of the remaining 29 patients after a follow-up of 8.9 +/- 12.9 months. Of these 3 patients, only one (3%) presented with recurrence of haemorrhage due to ruptured oesophageal varices. Three patients (7%) died before eradication of oesophageal varices from causes unrelated to the technique. This study confirms that endoscopic ligation is effective for eradication of oesophageal varices, with a low morbidity. This technique appears to be a method of choice in the prophylaxis of rebleeding from oesophageal varices, especially when sclerotherapy is ineffective.
    Gastroentérologie Clinique et Biologique 11/1995; 19(11):909-13. · 1.14 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Hepatitis due to hepatitis delta virus (HDV) infection is generally associated with severe histological abnormalities and rapid progression of the disease. To assess the efficacy of recombinant interferon-a2b in treatment of chronic delta hepatitis, 22 patients were entered into a randomized controlled trial: 11 received interferon-a2b subcutaneously three times weekly for 12 months (5 MU/m2 for 4 months and then 3 MU/m2 for a further 8 months) and 11 were untreated. All patients were followed up for 6 months after the completion of therapy. Nine treated patients completed the trial: one was withdrawn with hyperthyroidism and one committed suicide. Serum ALT levels were normalized or significantly reduced, always within 3 months of initiating treatment, and remained so in 73% of treated patients at the 4th month and in 54.5% at the 12th month, compared with 18% and 18%, respectively, in the untreated group. Moreover, in seven of nine treated patients, interferon was associated with the clearance of serum HDV-RNA, associated with amelioration of the histological picture, whereas this occurred in only four of 11 untreated patients. On cessation of therapy, all patients but one experienced a biological and/or virological relapse over the 6-month follow up. In conclusion, our data confirm that HDV is sensitive to inhibition by interferon-a2b, although the schedule used did not achieve permanent control of the disease. The adverse effects of interferon require consideration; in particular, care will be needed to avoid serious psychiatric side effects.
    Liver International 03/1995; 15(1):45-52.
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    ABSTRACT: Hepatitis delta virus nucleic acid was detected by dot-blot hybridization using RNA probe and reverse transcription/polymerase chain reaction amplification in 223 serum samples from 66 patients with hepatitis D virus infection. Seven cases with chronic hepatitis D virus infection were treated with interferon: six for 3 months and one for 7.5 years. By using the primers located in the putative conserved regions, the technique of reverse transcription/polymerase chain reaction amplification was 10(3) to 10(4) times more sensitive than that of dot-blot hybridization. The main findings of this study are: (i) HDV RNA could be detected in the absence of any other serological hepatitis D virus marker in serum from acute hepatitis patients with IgM anti-HBc; (ii) high titer anti-HD antibodies (IgM and total anti-HD) persisted in patients during short-term interferon treatment, and in one patient during long-term interferon treatment, despite clearance of serum HDV RNA even after 3 years; (iii) total anti-HD alone was detected in the absence of IgM anti-HD and serum HDV RNA. These observations indicate that the detection of HDV RNA by molecular techniques in serum is a useful, sensitive and non-invasive technique for the early diagnosis and follow up of hepatitis D virus infection, as well as for the monitoring of antiviral therapy. In addition, total anti-HD antibody in the absence of HDV RNA may be the only residual marker of past infection. Finally, the choice of the technique for hepatitis D virus detection is important for the optimal assessment of the clinical stage and monitoring of antiviral therapy in hepatitis D virus-infected patients.
    Journal of Hepatology 01/1995; 21(6):953-60. · 9.86 Impact Factor
  • J L Gaudin, J Dumortier, J C Souquet, A Bel
    La Presse Médicale 07/1994; 23(22):1041. · 0.87 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: By combining the polymerase chain reaction (PCR) with restriction enzyme digestion technologies, we characterized the genomes for the small and large delta proteins of HDV in retrospective analysis of sera from 10 patients with varied clinical outcomes. Both small and large genomes of HDV were present in all 13 serum samples from the 6 acute and 4 chronic cases studied, while the specific HDV proteins (P24 and P27) could be detected by immunoblot analysis in only 4 of them. The relative amounts and ratios of the genomes for the large and the small proteins of HDV were different for each individual. The molecular ratio of large to small HDV genomes in serum correlated with viral replication. When the replication of HDV RNA increased, the ratio decreased and vice-versa. No specific correlation, however, was found between the ratio of both molecular forms and the clinical outcome.
    Journal of Medical Virology 02/1994; 42(1):1-6. · 2.37 Impact Factor
  • J L Gaudin, C Trépo
    Progress in clinical and biological research 02/1993; 382:345-52.
  • Gastroentérologie Clinique et Biologique 02/1993; 17(8-9):608-9. · 1.14 Impact Factor
  • J L Gaudin, B Bancel, T Vial, A Bel
    Gastroentérologie Clinique et Biologique 02/1993; 17(2):145-6. · 1.14 Impact Factor

Publication Stats

192 Citations
42.78 Total Impact Points

Institutions

  • 1995–2002
    • CHU de Lyon - Hôpital de la Croix-Rousse
      Lyons, Rhône-Alpes, France
  • 1994–1995
    • French Institute of Health and Medical Research
      Lutetia Parisorum, Île-de-France, France
  • 1993
    • Hotel Dieu Hospital
      Kingston, Ontario, Canada