F Alpay

Gulhane Military Medical Academy, Engüri, Ankara, Turkey

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Publications (31)56.05 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: The aim in this study was to determine the factors affecting leptin and soluble leptin receptor (sOB-R) levels in term small for gestational age (SGA) and appropriate for gestational age (AGA) newborns. The study group consisted of SGA (n=20) and AGA (n=20) newborns and their mothers. The leptin and sOB-R levels were tested using the ELISA method. The cord blood leptin concentrations were found significantly higher in the AGA group than in the SGA group (p=0.048). It was observed that cord blood leptin levels increased as body weight increased in the AGA group (r=0.681, p=0.001). The cord blood leptin levels were found higher in female infants than male infants (p=0.021). The plasma leptin levels were higher in the mothers of SGA neonates than those of AGA neonates (p=0.014). A positive correlation was detected between cord blood and amniotic fluid sOB-R concentrations in the AGA group (AGA: r=0.492, p=0.028). We conclude that the main determinants of leptin in SGA and AGA newborns are different. We can state that birth weight and gender are the main determinants of leptin levels in healthy neonates, but factors other than birth weight and gender may contribute to leptin levels in SGA newborns.
    The Turkish journal of pediatrics 05/2014; 56(3):250-8. · 0.56 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The perinatal morbidity risk is higher in operative deliveries than normal vaginal deliveries. 'Tau protein' is a cytoskeletal component that is predominantly expressed in axons of neurons. The aim of this study was to investigate whether delivery type, particularly the forceps application, had any effect on cord blood tau levels. Ninety babies born in the Division of Maternal-Fetal Medicine of Ankara Etlik Maternity and Women's Health Teaching Hospital, Ankara, Turkey were involved in the study. The babies were divided into three groups according to delivery type: Group 1: normal vaginal delivery (NVD); Group 2: caesarean section; Group 3: forceps application. Cord blood samples were drawn from umbilical veins of the babies soon after the birth. The cord blood tau protein levels in the caesarean section group (79 pg/mL [45-223]) were found to be significantly lower than those of NVD (135 pg/mL [44-627]) and forceps (175 pg/mL [17-418]) groups (P = 0.001 and P < 0.001, respectively). We have shown that forceps applications uncomplicated with perinatal asphyxia did not affect the cord blood tau protein level significantly. Tau levels in caesarean section group were significantly lower than the other two groups. Caesarean section in this manner might be considered especially in conditions of risk of perinatal asphyxia to avoid hypoxia.
    Pediatrics International 12/2010; 52(6):872-5. · 0.88 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: To investigate and compare the effects of enteral glutamine and arginine supply on lipid peroxidation and antioxidant enzyme levels in the small intestine of healthy breast-fed rats. The study comprised 40 newborn Sprague-Dawley rats born to 5 mother rats. Newborn rats were randomly divided into 4 groups. Starting from day 1 until day 21, group I received only breast milk; group II received breast milk and 200 mg/kg/day oral glutamine; group III received breast milk and 200 mg/kg/day oral arginine; and group IV received breast milk, 200 mg/kg/day glutamine, and 200 mg/kg/day arginine. Malondialdehyde levels and glutathione peroxidase (GPx) and superoxide dismutase activities were measured. The lowest malondialdehyde levels were found in group II (P = 0.0001). Superoxide dismutase activity was found to be significantly higher in group II than group I (P < 0.001). Of the 4 groups, GPx activity was highest in group IV. GPx activity in group II was significantly higher than in group I (P = 0.001) or group III (P = 0.001). GPx activity was higher in group IV than in group I (P = 0.001) or group III (P = 0.001). Enteral glutamine alone or in the presence of arginine has favorable effects on oxidative stress not only in experimental models of hypoxia-reoxygenation, but also in healthy newborn rats. This suggests that in premature neonates with insufficient oxidative resistance, glutamine and arginine supplementation may help prevent necrotizing enterocolitis.
    Journal of pediatric gastroenterology and nutrition 06/2009; 49(1):85-9. · 2.18 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The objectives of the present study were to measure the activity of chitotriosidase (ChT) in human milk, to record changes in enzyme activity over time and to determine whether there are differences in activity between the milk of mothers of full-term (FT) and premature (PT) infants. Three samples were collected from each of 28 mothers (26.9+/-4.3 years of age; mean+/-SD) of FT infants (gestational age, 39.1+/-0.9 weeks; birth weight, 3384.8+/-369.8 g.; median, 3485 g) and 28 mothers (26.6+/-3.6 years of age) of healthy PT infants (gestational age, 30.5+/-3.1 weeks; birth weight, 1400+/-492.9 g.; median, 1285 g). Samples were collected at 3, 7 and 28th days after delivery. ChT activity was estimated using the fluorimetric method. ChT activities were calculated and expressed as nanomoles per milliliter per hour. ChT activity was higher in the PT group than in the FT group at day 3 [170.2 (14.0-294.8) vs. 81.7 (6.9-306.3) nmol/mL/h], day 7 [31.6 (0.0-166.7) vs. 17.2 (0.0-214.1) nmol/mL/h] and day 28 [5.5 (0.0-64.9) vs. 3.4 (0.0-51.6) nmol/mL/h]. The higher ChT activity in milk of mothers of PT infants than those of FT infants suggests the presence of activated macrophages as its main source. ChT is well known to play a role in defense against fungi and have the ability to degrade both colloidal chitin and chitin in the cell wall of Candida albicans. Thus, our findings may indicate that infants have a natural advantage for protection from fungus infections when they are fed by their mothers' milk.
    Clinical biochemistry 07/2008; 41(9):693-6. · 2.02 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: To report the frequency, risk factors, and outcomes of screening for retinopathy of prematurity (ROP). Data of neonates with a gestational age of 34 weeks or less were analyzed and the predictors on the development of ROP were determined by using logistic regression analysis. Of the 318 neonates, the frequency of ROP was 37.1% for any stage and 7.2% for stage 3 or greater. Treatment was needed in 16.1% of neonates with ROP. No treatment was required in neonates with a gestational age of greater than 32 weeks. Oxygen therapy, sepsis, gestational age of 32 weeks or less, and birth weight of less than 1,250 g were determined as the independent risk factors. Although frequency of ROP in Turkey is similar to that in the United States, the rate of severe ROP necessitating treatment seems to be higher in Turkey. Neonates with a gestational age of 32 weeks or less, a birth weight of less than 1,250 g, sepsis, and oxygen therapy may have a greater risk of developing ROP and screening should be intensified in the presence of these risk factors.
    Journal of Pediatric Ophthalmology & Strabismus 01/2008; 45(5):291-8. · 0.86 Impact Factor
  • Acta Paediatrica 01/2007; 93(6):857 - 858. · 1.97 Impact Factor
  • Acta Paediatrica 07/2004; 93(6):857-8; author reply 858-9. · 1.97 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: To assess the effects of dietary long chain polyunsaturated fatty acid (LCPUFA) supplementation on auditory brainstem maturation of healthy term newborns during the first 16 weeks of life by measuring brainstem auditory evoked potentials (BAEPs). Throughout the 16 week study period, infants in the formula A group (n = 28) were assigned to be fed exclusively with the same formula supplemented with DHA, and infants in the formula B group (n = 26) were assigned to receive only a DHA unsupplemented but otherwise similar formula. During the study period, the first 26 consecutive infants to be fed exclusively on their mother's milk for at least the first 16 weeks of life were chosen as the control group. BAEP measurements were performed twice: at the first and 16th week of age. There were no significant differences among the study and control groups in the BAEP measurements performed at the study entry. At 16 weeks of age, all absolute wave and interpeak latencies in the study and control groups had significantly decreased. The decreases were significantly greater in the formula A and control groups than in the formula B group. Infants fed on human milk or a formula supplemented with LCPUFAs during the first 16 weeks of life show more rapid BAEP maturation than infants fed on a standard formula. Although the clinical importance and long term effects of these findings remain to be determined, routine supplementation of formulas with LCPUFAs should be considered.
    Archives of Disease in Childhood - Fetal and Neonatal Edition 04/2004; 89(2):F177-9. · 3.45 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Plasma levels of ionized magnesium (IMg) measured by ion-selective electrode were investigated in neonatal hyperbilirubinemia by comparing the newborns with (> or =205 microM) and without (<205 microM) significant hyperbilirubinemia (groups of severe and moderate hyperbilirubinemia, respectively). Serum bilirubin, plasma IMg, and ionized calcium (ICa) levels were determined in 165 healthy term newborns with nonhemolytic indirect hyperbilirubinemia during the first 10 d of life. Mean serum bilirubin, plasma IMg, and ICa levels were 200.1 +/- 126.5 microM, 0.54 +/- 0.12 mM, and 1.15 +/- 0.12 mM, respectively, in 165 newborns whose mean postnatal age was 156.1 +/- 46.5 h, and there was a significant positive correlation between the mean serum bilirubin and plasma IMg levels (r = 0.535, p < 0.001). Serum bilirubin levels (304.4 +/- 83.8 microM versus 94.1 +/- 54.7 microM) and plasma IMg levels (0.6 +/- 0.12 mM versus 0.49 +/- 0.1 mM) were significantly higher and plasma ICa levels (1.13 +/- 0.12 mM versus 1.18 +/- 0.12 mM) were significantly lower in the group of severe hyperbilirubinemia (n = 83) when compared with the group with moderate hyperbilirubinemia (n = 82). Seventeen of the 83 cases of severe hyperbilirubinemia had IMg levels above the normal range (> or =0.69 mM), whereas none of the 82 cases of moderate hyperbilirubinemia had elevated IMg levels. Fifteen of the 17 with high IMg levels had bilirubin levels >290 microM. Results of the present study suggest that increase in plasma IMg may be due to extracellular movement of Mg, a principally intracellular ion, resulting from generalized cellular injury including neurons and erythrocytes. Considering neuroprotective functions and beneficial effects of Mg ion in improving neurologic outcome, we also may speculate the possibility of a neuroprotective role or a compensatory mechanism in IMg increase against emerging toxicity risk of increasing serum bilirubin levels.
    Pediatric Research 03/2004; 55(2):243-7. · 2.67 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Measurement of ionized magnesium (IMg) provides an accurate assessment of the free form of Mg, which is the physiologically active form and is most reflective of the biologically active and not easily measurable intracellular Mg fraction. Plasma levels of IMg were measured by ion-selective electrode method in premature newborns with respiratory distress syndrome (RDS), and relationships and correlations between IMg levels and various demographic, prognostic and laboratory characteristics were investigated by comparing the premature newborns with (study group; n = 19) and without RDS (control group; n = 20) in the present study. The values of the postnatal arterial pH and base excess and plasma IMg levels were significantly different between the study and control groups, and the number of newborns with any morbidity was significantly higher in the study group. Within the study group there were significant negative correlations between the plasma IMg levels and the values of the umbilical cord arterial pH (r = -0.621, p = 0.005) and base excess (r = -0.746, p = 0.001), and the value of the postnatal arterial base excess (r = -0.585, p = 0.008). The newborns who died later had higher plasma IMg levels than those who survived (0.89 +/- 0.45 vs. 0.63 +/- 0.24 mmol/l, p = 0.026). These findings suggest that increase of plasma IMg may be due to extracellular movement of Mg, which is a principally intracellular ion, as a result of acidosis, hypoxia and probable cellular injury during the early course of RDS. The exact pathophysiological mechanism responsible for IMg increase, and whether determination of plasma IMg level, including umbilical cord blood IMg measurement, can be used as an early or predictive indicator of RDS in the diagnosis remain to be determined in further large-scale studies.
    Biology of the Neonate 02/2004; 86(2):110-5. · 1.90 Impact Factor
  • S U Sarici, Mustafa Kul, Faruk Alpay
    PEDIATRICS 12/2003; 112(5):1212-3; author reply 1212-3. · 4.47 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Neonatal diabetes can be either permanent or transient. We have recently shown that permanent neonatal diabetes can result from complete deficiency of glucokinase activity. Here we report three new cases of glucokinase-related permanent neonatal diabetes. The probands had intrauterine growth retardation (birth weight <1,900 g) and insulin-treated diabetes from birth (diagnosis within the first week of life). One of the subjects was homozygous for the missense mutation Ala378Val (A378V), which is an inactivating mutation with an activity index of only 0.2% of wild-type glucokinase activity. The second subject was homozygous for a mutation in the splice donor site of exon 8 (intervening sequence 8 [IVS8] + 2T-->G), which is predicted to lead to the synthesis of an inactive protein. The third subject (second cousin of subject 2) was a compound heterozygote with one allele having the splice-site mutation IVS8 + 2T-->G and the other the missense mutation Gly264Ser (G264S), a mutation with an activity index of 86% of normal activity. The five subjects with permanent neonatal diabetes due to glucokinase deficiency identified to date are characterized by intrauterine growth retardation, permanent insulin-requiring diabetes from the first day of life, and hyperglycemia in both parents. Autosomal recessive inheritance and enzyme deficiency are features typical for an inborn error of metabolism, which occurred in the glucose-insulin signaling pathway in these subjects.
    Diabetes 11/2003; 52(11):2854-60. · 7.90 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Minor blood group hemolytic disease is extremely rare, since the overall potency of minor blood groups in inducing antibodies is significantly lower when compared with that of Rh (D) antigen. We hereby report a very rare case of severe neonatal anti-E hemolytic disease due to E minor blood group incompatibility. A term newborn born to a 27-year-old, gravida 3, para 3 mother was referred due to a high and increasing serum bilirubin level despite phototherapy on the 4th day of life. On admission physical examination was normal except for the jaundice, and results of the laboratory investigation demonstrated a moderate-to-severe anemia (hemoglobin 7.8 g/dl) and a severe hemolytic hyperbilirubinemia (serum total and indirect bilirubin levels 36 mg/ dl and 32.8 mg/dl, respectively; reticulocyte count 15%; and a positive direct antiglobulin test). As there was no apparent cause of the hemolytic disease such as Rh or ABO incompatibilities, further investigation (a positive indirect antiglobulin test and a positive irregular anti-E antibody in both the patient and mother, and minor blood group antigen profiles in family members compatible with E minor blood group isoimmunization) revealed the presence of anti-E hemolytic disease due to E minor blood group incompatibility. Two exchange transfusions with a 12-hour-interval were performed with minor blood group compatible fresh whole blood, and the patient was discharged in a healthy condition on the 10th postnatal day. If the most common causes of severe neonatal hemolytic disease such as Rh and ABO incompatibilities cannot be demonstrated in a newborn with significant hemolytic hyperbilirubinemia, anti-E hemolytic disease should strongly be considered in differential diagnosis. It should be kept in mind that a very severe from of minor group antibody hemolytic disease characterized by anemia and severe hyperbilirubinemia many exchange transfusions may be encountered during the course of the disease.
    The Turkish journal of pediatrics 01/2002; 44(3):248-50. · 0.56 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: A female infant born at 33 weeks gestation to a gestationally diabetic mother developed apnea and respiratory distress at 6 hours of age. Laboratory investigation demonstrated persistent hyperglycemia, and the patient was treated with continuous intravenous and subsequent subcutaneous insulin therapy. Detailed laboratory investigation to reveal the etiology of hyperglycemia and further endocrine evaluation were not significant. The baby's insulin requirement has continued thereafter, and she is being followed up in an outpatient clinic still under insulin therapy at 18 months of age. Neonatal diabetes mellitus should be considered in the differential diagnosis of neonatal hyperglycemia, and it may develop in newborns born to diabetic mothers, as well as neonatal hypoglycemia. Insulin treatment with close blood glucose monitoring is essential as long as hyperglycemia persists since neonatal diabetes mellitus may be either transient or permanent and it is not possible to differentiate these two outcomes before 18 months of age.
    Journal of pediatric endocrinology & metabolism: JPEM 05/2001; 14(4):451-4. · 0.75 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The values of erythrocyte protoporphyrin, ferritin and mean corpuscular volume (MCV) measurements in diagnosing iron deficiency anemia were investigated in 72 iron deficient and in 25 healthy control infants. Receiver operator curve, sensitivity and specificity of erythrocyte protoporphyrin, ferritin and mean corpuscular volume were compared between the study and control groups. In the study group mean corpuscular volume, hemoglobin and ferritin concentrations were significantly lower, and erythrocyte protoporphyrin was significantly higher when compared to the control group. In the iron deficient study group, erythrocyte protoporphyrin was the most sensitive test and ferritin was the most specific test, whereas ferritin was the most diagnostic test and mean corpuscular volume was the least diagnostic test. A significant correlation between erythrocyte protoporphyrin and hemoglobin values was determined. We conclude that erythrocyte protoporphyrin is a more sensitive but less specific test than ferritin, and it can be used as a first-line diagnostic test in the evaluation of iron deficiency and in diagnosing iron deficiency anemia in infants.
    Journal of Tropical Pediatrics 01/2001; 46(6):323-6. · 1.01 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The efficacy and wavelengths of fiberoptic phototherapy and conventional daylight phototherapy were compared in a relatively larger series of term newborns with nonhemolytic and significant hyperbilirubinemia than reported in previous studies. One hundred and nine term newborns were randomly assigned to receive either fiberoptic phototherapy on a fiberoptic phototherapy pad or overhead conventional phototherapy consisting of five daylight fluorescent lamps. Although the average spectral irradiance measured during the study period was significantly greater in the fiberoptic phototherapy group (9.2+/-1.2 microW/cm2/nm vs 7.1+/-1.1 microW/cm2/mm, p < 0.05), conventional phototherapy was significantly more effective in decreasing bilirubin levels: the duration of exposure to phototherapy was significantly shorter (49.4+/-14.4 hours vs 61+/-13.1 hours, p < 0.05), and overall bilirubin decline rate as mg/dl/h and percent/h was significantly greater in the conventional phototherapy group (0.15+/-0.06 mg/dl/h vs 0.11+/-0.05 mg/dl/h, and 0.81+/-0.34 percent/h vs 0.60+/-0.28 percent/h, p < 0.05). There were four failures of phototherapy in the fiberoptic phototherapy group whereas no phototherapy failure was observed in the conventional phototherapy group (p < 0.05). The emission spectrum of the daylight fluorescent lamp revealed a broad emission between the violet and red spectra with tiny narrow peak emission bands in 405 nm, 436 nm, 546 nm and 577 nm, while a broad emission through the blue and green wavelengths (mainly in the green spectrum) without any peak emissions was detected in the tungsten-halogen lamp of the fiberoptic phototherapy system. Conventional phototherapy with daylight fluorescent lamps should be preferred to fiberoptic phototherapy administered with fiberoptic phototherapy and in the treatment of term newborns with nonhemolytic hyperbilirubinemia.
    The Turkish journal of pediatrics 01/2001; 43(4):280-5. · 0.56 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The recognition, follow-up, and early treatment of neonatal jaundice has become more difficult, since the earlier discharge of newborns from hospitals has become common practice. This prospective study was undertaken to identify the newborns at risk for developing significant hyperbilirubinemia later during the first days of life by measuring the serum bilirubin levels of the first 5 days of life to determine the critical predictive serum bilirubin value on the first day of life. A total of 498 healthy term newborns were followed with daily serum total bilirubin measurements for the first 5 days of life, and cases with serum bilirubin levels of >/=17 mg/dL after 24 hours of life were defined to have significant hyperbilirubinemia. No newborns had a serum total bilirubin level of >/=17 mg/dL in the first 72 hours of life. Sixty of 498 cases (12.05%) had significant hyperbilirubinemia after 72 hours of life, and these cases had significantly higher bilirubin levels than those who did not develop significant hyperbilirubinemia on each of the first 5 days' measurements. Of the 206 newborns who had a serum bilirubin level of >/=6 mg/dL in the first 24 hours, 54 (26.21%) developed significant hyperbilirubinemia, whereas only 6 of the 292 newborns (2.05%) who had a serum bilirubin level of <6 mg/dL on the first day developed significant hyperbilirubinemia. A mean serum bilirubin level of >/=6 mg/dL on the first day had the highest sensitivity (90%). At this critical serum bilirubin value, the negative predictive value was very high (97.9%) and the positive predictive value was fairly low (26.2%). Furthermore, because no cases with a serum bilirubin level of <6 mg/dL in the first 24 hours of life required a subsequent phototherapy treatment and because all of those infants requiring a phototherapy treatment with serum bilirubin levels of >/=20 mg/dL were just among the cases whose first-day bilirubin levels were >/=6 mg/dL, the critical bilirubin level of 6 mg/dL on the first day made it possible, with the highest (100%) sensitivity and negative predictive value, to definitely predict all of the infants who would have a bilirubin level of >20 mg/dL, requiring a phototherapy treatment later during the first days of life. A serum bilirubin measurement and the use of the critical bilirubin level of 6 mg/dL in the first 24 hours of life will predict nearly all of the term newborns who will have significant hyperbilirubinemia and will determine all those who will require a phototherapy treatment later during the first days of life.
    PEDIATRICS 08/2000; 106(2):E16. · 4.47 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The necessity of taking only one randomized blood pressure measurement or averaging three repeated measurements and, the effects of various stages of the restful state and body position on blood pressure measurements obtained with the oscillometric technique were investigated in 138 healthy term newborns. The Athena oscillometer was used to measure blood pressure. Three successive measurements with a 5-min interval were made in each of two positions, prone and supine, in random order 30 min after the last feeding if newborns were in very quiet or quiet sleep. During routine recording of vital signs, another (single) measurement was obtained before feeding the infant regardless of the body position of the newborn, provided that they were not struggling, crying or moving. For all systolic, diastolic and mean blood pressures measured, there were no significant differences among either prone, supine and single measurements or among three successive measurements in each position. We conclude that, in the routine care of term newborns, blood pressure measurements with the oscillometric technique may be made without the need of a special position or sleep state, provided that the measurements are made with an appropriate sized cuff in the absence of struggling, crying and movement of the newborn. Taking only one randomized measurement under these conditions would be enough and practical in daily newborn care practice instead of repeating and averaging many measurements.
    Biology of the Neonate 06/2000; 77(4):212-6. · 1.90 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The efficacy of double phototherapy, in the form of conventional phototherapy with special blue light plus fiberoptic phototherapy, was compared with conventional phototherapy consisting of special blue lamps alone in a relatively larger series of term newborns with significant hyperbilirubinemia. During the study period the sum of the average spectral irradiances in the double phototherapy group was significantly higher than that of the single phototherapy group (p < 0.05). Phototherapy was effective in decreasing bilirubin levels in both groups, but the response was greater in the double phototherapy group; the duration of exposure to phototherapy was significantly shorter (31.2 +/- 8.5 vs. 38.98 +/- 14.7 h, p < 0.05), and the overall bilirubin decline rate as mumol/l/h and per cent/h was significantly greater in the double phototherapy group (4.1 +/- 1.37 vs. 3.3 +/- 0.86 mumol/l/h, and 1.29 +/- 0.38 vs. 1.02 +/- 0.44 per cent/h, p < 0.05). In phototherapy treatment of term newborns with significant hyperbilirubinemia, double phototherapy provided more rapid and effective bilirubin reduction than conventional phototherapy alone due to higher spectral irradiance and larger body surface area exposed to phototherapy. The value of double phototherapy in the treatment of newborns with hemolytic hyperbilirubinemia remains to be determined.
    Journal of Tropical Pediatrics 03/2000; 46(1):36-9. · 1.01 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Congenital thoracic ectopic kidney is a very rare developmental anomaly and the rarest form of all ectopic kidneys. It is usually asymptomatic and discovered incidentally on a routine chest radiography. We report a thoracic ectopic kidney in a 19-month-old boy, which initially presented as a well demarcated mass at the base of the right lung on chest x-ray. Intravenous pyelography (IVP) and thoraco-abdominal computed tomography (CT) demonstrated a normal functioning transdiaphragmatic thoracic ectopic right kidney, but technetium-99m DTPA and DMSA scintigraphy demonstrated pelvic stasis. We hereby discuss the features of congenital thoracic ectopic kidney and review the literature. Although it is extremely rare, thoracic ectopic kidney should be considered in differential diagnosis of a mass with a well demarcated superior margin in the lower part of the thorax, and renal scintigraphy must be performed even if CT and IVP results are normal.
    The Turkish journal of pediatrics 01/2000; 42(3):253-5. · 0.56 Impact Factor