Eric Jonasch

University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center, Houston, Texas, United States

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Publications (117)589.42 Total impact

  • Thai H Ho, Eric Jonasch
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    ABSTRACT: Hereditary forms of renal cell carcinoma (RCC) have yielded clues regarding the molecular pathogenesis of sporadic RCC. The discovery of germline mutations in chromatin-modulating enzymes also defined a new hereditary RCC syndrome. Although histologically distinct RCC subtypes exist, emerging themes shared between hereditary and sporadic RCC include dysregulation of the von Hippel-Lindau tumor suppressor protein/hypoxia inducible factor axis, defective ciliogenesis, and aberrant tumor metabolism. This article describes the most common hereditary RCC syndromes and associated extrarenal manifestations. Recent evidence supports developing screening guidelines for early-onset RCC to identify persons with germline mutations in the absence of secondary clinical manifestations.
    Journal of the National Comprehensive Cancer Network: JNCCN 09/2014; 12(9):1347-1355. · 5.11 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Autophagy is a conserved process involved in lysosomal degradation of protein aggregates and damaged organelles. The role of autophagy in cancer is a topic of intense debate, and the underlying mechanism is still not clear. The hypoxia-inducible factor 2α (HIF2α), an oncogenic transcription factor implicated in renal tumorigenesis, is known to be degraded by the ubiquitin-proteasome system (UPS). Here, we report that HIF2α is in part constitutively degraded by autophagy. HIF2α interacts with autophagy-lysosome system components. Inhibition of autophagy increases HIF2α, whereas induction of autophagy decreases HIF2α. The E3 ligase von Hippel-Lindau and autophagy receptor protein p62 are required for autophagic degradation of HIF2α. There is a compensatory interaction between the UPS and autophagy in HIF2α degradation. Autophagy inactivation redirects HIF2α to proteasomal degradation, whereas proteasome inhibition induces autophagy and increases the HIF2α-p62 interaction. Importantly, clear-cell renal cell carcinoma (ccRCC) is frequently associated with monoallelic loss and/or mutation of autophagy-related gene ATG7, and the low expression level of autophagy genes correlates with ccRCC progression. The protein levels of ATG7 and beclin 1 are also reduced in ccRCC tumors. This study indicates that autophagy has an anticancer role in ccRCC tumorigenesis, and suggests that constitutive autophagic degradation of HIF2α is a novel tumor suppression mechanism.Oncogene advance online publication, 7 July 2014; doi:10.1038/onc.2014.199.
    Oncogene 07/2014; · 8.56 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: This study sought to determine if there was an association between prognostic-based serum biomarkers, survival, and psychosocial factors in patients with metastatic renal cell carcinoma. Associations were found between psychosocial factors and biomarker levels (hemoglobin with depressive symptoms (r = -0.29), positive affect (r = 0.30), social support (r = 0.19), and perceived stress (r = -0.27); albumin with depressive symptoms (r = -0.19), positive affect (r = 0.22), and social support (r = 0.20); alkaline phosphatase with depressive symptoms (r = 0.21), all p values <0.05. After adjustment for disease-related risk factors, only the associations between positive affect and perceived stress with hemoglobin remained significant (p's < 0.05). Positive affect (HR = 0.90; 95 % CI = 0.83, 0.97; p = 0.009) and depressive symptom total scores (HR = 1.03; 95 % CI = 1.01, 1.06; p = 0.013), and alkaline phosphatase (HR 2.72; 95 % CI = 1.41, 5.24; p = 0.003) were associated with survival. This study suggests that measures of positive and negative psychological outlook may contribute differently to health, well-being, and survival.
    Journal of behavioral medicine. 06/2014;
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    ABSTRACT: Aberrant von Hippel Lindau (VHL) protein function is the underlying driver of VHL-related diseases, including both sporadic and inherited clear cell renal cell carcinoma (ccRCC). About one third of VHL mutations are missense point mutations, with R167Q being the most common VHL point mutation in hereditary VHL disease. Although it has been studied extensively, the ability of VHL-R167Q to downregulate hypoxia inducible factor 2α (HIF2α) is still controversial. In addition, the manner in which the mutation contributes to tumorigenesis is not fully understood. No therapeutic approach is available to target VHL-R167Q and similar missense point mutations. We analyzed VHL-R167Q proteostasis and function at normoxia, at hypoxia with different oxygen pressure, and in a xenograft mouse model. We showed that the protein levels of VHL-R167Q dictate its ability to downregulate HIF2α and suppress tumor growth. Strikingly, the proteasome inhibitors bortezomib and carfilzomib, which are currently in clinical use, stabilize VHL-R167Q and increase its ability to downregulate HIF2α. VHL-R167Q binds elongin C and elongin B with considerably less avidity than wild-type VHL does but retains residual capacity to generate a VHL-elongin C-elongin B complex, downregulate HIF2α, and suppress tumorigenesis, which could be rescued by increase VHL-R167Q levels. Finally, we used in silico approaches and identified other missense VHL mutants in addition to VHL-R167Q that might be rescued by similar strategies. Thus, our studies revealed detailed information describing how VHL-R167Q contributes to tumorigenesis and identified a potential targeted therapy for ccRCC and other VHL-related disease in patients carrying VHL-R167Q or similar missense mutations.
    Cancer Research 04/2014; · 9.28 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND High-grade upper tract urothelial carcinoma (UTUC) is frequently upstaged after surgery and is associated with uniformly poor survival. Neoadjuvant chemotherapy may offer a way to improve clinical outcomes. The authors compared the survival rates of patients with UTUC who received neoadjuvant chemotherapy before surgery with the rates among patients who did not.METHODSA retrospective review was conducted of patients with high-risk UTUC who received neoadjuvant chemotherapy followed by surgery from 2004 to 2008 (study group) compared with a matched cohort who underwent initial surgery from 1993 to 2003 (control group). Fisher exact tests, Wilcoxon rank-sum tests, and Kaplan-Meier methods were used. The log-rank test and Cox proportional-hazards models were used to evaluate the association of the 2 outcomes with patient, treatment, and tumor characteristics in univariate and multivariate models.RESULTSOf 112 patients, there were 31 in the study group and 81 in the control group. Patients who received neoadjuvant chemotherapy had improved overall survival (OS) and disease-specific survival (DSS) with a 5-year DSS rate of 90.1% and a 5-year OS rate of 80.2% versus DSS and OS rates of 57.6% for those who underwent initial surgery (P = .0204 and P = .0015, respectively). In multivariate analyses, the neoadjuvant group had a lower risk of mortality (OS: hazard ratio, 0.42 [P = .035]; DSS: hazard ratio, 0.19 [P = .006]).CONCLUSIONS Neoadjuvant chemotherapy improved the survival of patients with UTUC compared with a matched historic cohort of patients who underwent initial surgery. Patients with high-risk UTUC should be considered for neoadjuvant chemotherapy in view of the limited opportunity to administer effective cisplatin-based chemotherapy after nephroureterectomy. Cancer 2014. © 2014 American Cancer Society.
    Cancer 03/2014; · 5.20 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: These NCCN Guidelines Insights highlight treatment recommendations and updates specific to the management of patients with advanced non-clear cell carcinoma included in the 2014 version of the NCCN Clinical Practice Guidelines in Oncology for Kidney Cancer.
    Journal of the National Comprehensive Cancer Network: JNCCN 02/2014; 12(2):175-82. · 5.11 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: This randomized controlled trial examined the quality-of-life benefits of an expressive writing (EW) intervention for patients with renal cell carcinoma (RCC) and identified a potential underlying mechanism of intervention efficacy. Patients (N = 277) with stage I to IV RCC were randomly assigned to write about their deepest thoughts and feelings regarding their cancer (EW) or about neutral topics (neutral writing [NW]) on four separate occasions. Patients completed the Center for Epidemiologic Studies Depression Scale (CES-D), MD Anderson Symptom Inventory (MDASI), Brief Fatigue Inventory (BFI), Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index (PSQI), Medical Outcomes Study Short Form-36 (SF-36), and Impact of Event Scale (IES) at baseline and 1, 4, and 10 months after the intervention. The mean age of participants (28% stage IV; 41% female) was 58 years. Multilevel modeling analyses, using a Bonferroni-corrected α = .021 for six outcomes adjusted for the correlation among outcomes, revealed that, relative to the NW group, patients in the EW group reported significantly lower MDASI scores (P = .003) and higher physical component summary scores on the SF-36 (P = .019) at 10 months after the intervention. Mediation analyses revealed that significant group differences for MDASI scores at 10 months were mediated by lower IES scores at 1 month after the intervention in the EW group (P = .042). No significant group differences were observed in the BFI, CES-D, PSQI, and mental component summary of the SF-36. EW may reduce cancer-related symptoms and improve physical functioning in patients with RCC. Evidence suggests that this effect may occur through short-term improvements in cognitive processing.
    Journal of Clinical Oncology 01/2014; · 18.04 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Purpose: Cytoreductive nephrectomy (CN) remains the standard of care for appropriately selected patients with metastatic renal cell carcinoma (mRCC). Although the role of partial nephrectomy (PN) is well accepted in patients with localized disease, limited data are available regarding PN in the metastatic setting. We sought to identify the indications and outcomes for PN in the setting of mRCC with particular attention to different PN subgroups. Materials and Methods: We analyzed data from a consecutive cohort of 33 patients with mRCC who underwent PN at a single institution between 1996 and 2011. Non-parametric statistics were used to compare PN subgroups. Overall survival (OS) was estimated using Kaplan-Meier method, and survival functions were compared using the log-rank test. Results: Eight patients presented with bilateral synchronous renal masses; 20 with a metachronous contralateral renal mass; and 5 with a unilateral renal mass. Overall, 22 patients (67%) died of disease at a median of 27 months after PN. Patients who underwent PN for a metachronous contralateral renal mass and for a renal mass ≤4cm had the best OS (61 months and 42 months, respectively). Median OS for patients with and without metastatic disease at original diagnosis was 27 and 63 months, respectively (p=0.003). Conclusions: Our findings suggest that the presence of metastasis at original diagnosis and the timing of presentation of the PN index lesion play an important role in survival. These factors should be taken into consideration when determining which patients would benefit from partial nephrectomy in the setting of mRCC.
    The Journal of urology 01/2014; · 4.02 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Bone is one of the common sites of metastases from renal cell carcinoma (RCC), however the mechanism by which RCC preferentially metastasize to bone is poorly understood. Homing/retention of RCC cells to bone and subsequent proliferation are necessary steps for RCC cells to colonize bone. To explore possible mechanisms by which these processes occur, we used an in vivo metastasis model in which 786-O RCC cells were injected into SCID mice intracardially, and organotropic cell lines from bone, liver, and lymph node were selected. The expression of molecules affecting cell adhesion, angiogenesis, and osteolysis were then examined in these selected cells. Cadherin-11, a mesenchymal cadherin mainly expressed in osteoblasts, was significantly increased on the cell surface in bone metastasis-derived 786-O cells (Bo-786-O) compared to parental, liver, or lymph node-derived cells. In contrast, the homing receptor CXCR4 was equivalently expressed in cells derived from all organs. No significant difference was observed in the expression of angiogenic factors, including HIF-1α, VEGF, angiopoeitin-1, Tie2, c-MET, and osteolytic factors, including PTHrP, IL-6 and RANKL. While the parental and Bo-786-O cells have similar proliferation rates, Bo-786-O cells showed an increase in migration compared to the parental 786-O cells. Knockdown of Cadherin-11 using shRNA reduced the rate of migration in Bo-786-O cells, suggesting that Cadherin-11 contributes to the increased migration observed in bone-derived cells. Immunohistochemical analysis of cadherin-11 expression in a human renal carcinoma tissue array showed that the number of human specimens with positive cadherin-11 activity was significantly higher in tumors that metastasized to bone than that in primary tumors. Together, these results suggest that Cadherin-11 may play a role in RCC bone metastasis.
    PLoS ONE 01/2014; 9(2):e89880. · 3.73 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Clear cell papillary renal cell carcinoma (CCPRCC) is a renal neoplasm that has recently received widespread recognition in the literature. There have been several reports of this tumor arising in a sporadic setting and in patients with end-stage renal disease; however, there is limited information available about the clinical, pathologic, and genetic characteristics of this tumor in the setting of Von Hippel-Lindau (VHL) disease. We herein report a series of three patients that developed CCPRCC in this unique clinical setting. The histology and immunohistochemical profile for all three cases was similar to that which has been previously reported for CCPRCC. All tumors were diffusely and strongly positive for Cytokeratin 7, negative for alpha methyl Co-A racemase and showed at least focal staining for CD10. Comparative genomic analysis was performed on tumors from all three patients. One tumor demonstrated monosomy 3 and the other two tumors showed normal chromosomal content. All three patients were alive without evidence of disease progression 5, 3 and 3 years after surgery. CCPRCC represents a distinct tumor type that may occur in the setting of VHL disease and should be considered in the differential diagnosis of extensively cystic renal tumors arising in this clinical setting. Molecular analysis in our series of cases suggests that CCPRCC does indeed represent a unique histologic subtype and must be distinguished from clear cell renal cell carcinoma (CCRCC) due to different biologic potentials. Ancillary studies for accurate classification are recommended due to significant morphologic overlap with CCRCC.
    Human pathology 01/2014; · 3.03 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Introduction Limited data are available regarding patients with RCC and ESRD treated with targeted therapies (TTs). The objective of this study was to explore the tolerability and safety of TT in patients with metastatic renal cell carcinoma (mRCC) and end stage renal disease (ESRD). Methods We retrospectively indentified patients with mRCC and ESRD treated at the University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center from 2002-2012. Patients’ characteristics including demographics, histology, treatment, and adverse events (AEs) are reported. Time on treatment (TOT) was determined from date of drug initiation to discontinuation. Overall survival (OS) was determined from initiation of TT to death. Statistics are descriptive. Results Fourteen patients were identified. Ten patients had clear cell histology and 4 had papillary histology. The median number of TTs per patient was 3 (range 1-4) with median TOT of 28 months for all TT. Eighty-eight percent of all toxicities were grade 1-2; no grade 4 toxicities were noted. Treatment discontinuations included 3 patients treated with sorafenib due to hand-foot syndrome, intolerable fatigue, and squamous cell skin cancer development; 2 patients treated with pazopanib due to intolerable fatigue and increased transaminases; and 1 patient treated with everolimus due to pneumonitis . Eight patients died of progressive disease. Median OS from initiation of TT was 28.5 months and 35 months from time of diagnosis. Conclusions Toxicities were mild to moderate and consistent with those reported in previous studies. TTs appear to be safe, well tolerated and produce anti-tumor response in patients with mRCC and end-stage renal disease on dialysis.
    Clinical Genitourinary Cancer 01/2014; · 1.43 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Comprehensive sequencing of human cancers has identified recurrent mutations in genes encoding chromatin regulatory proteins. For clear cell renal cell carcinoma (ccRCC), three of the five commonly mutated genes encode the chromatin regulators PBRM1, SETD2, and BAP1. How these mutations alter the genomic landscape in ccRCC or other cancers is not understood. Here, we identified alterations in chromatin organization and transcription associated with mutations in chromatin regulators in a large cohort of primary human kidney tumors. By associating variation in chromatin organization with mutations in SETD2, which encodes the enzyme responsible for H3K36 trimethylation, we found that changes in chromatin accessibility occurred primarily within actively transcribed genes. This increase in chromatin accessibility was linked with widespread alterations in RNA processing, including intron retention and aberrant splicing, affecting approximately 25% of all expressed genes. Further, decreased nucleosome occupancy proximal to misspliced exons was observed in tumors lacking H3K36me3. These results directly link mutations in SETD2 to chromatin accessibility changes and RNA processing defects in cancer. Detecting the functional consequences of specific mutations in chromatin regulatory proteins in primary human samples could ultimately inform the therapeutic application of an emerging class of chromatin-targeted compounds.
    Genome Research 10/2013; · 14.40 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Population pharmacokinetic data suggest axitinib plasma exposure correlates with efficacy in metastatic renal-cell carcinoma. Axitinib dose titration might optimise exposure and improve outcomes. We prospectively assessed the efficacy and safety of axitinib dose titration in previously untreated patients with metastatic renal-cell carcinoma. In this randomised, double-blind, multicentre, phase 2 study, patients were enrolled from 49 hospitals and outpatient clinics in the Czech Republic, Germany, Japan, Russia, Spain, and USA. Patients with treatment-naive metastatic renal-cell carcinoma received axitinib 5 mg twice daily during a 4 week lead-in period. Those patients with blood pressure 150/90 mm Hg or lower, no grade 3 or 4 treatment-related toxic effects, no dose reductions, and no more than two antihypertensive drugs for 2 consecutive weeks were stratified by Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group performance status (0 vs 1), and then randomly assigned (1:1) to either masked titration with axitinib to total twice daily doses of 7 mg, and then 10 mg, if tolerated, or placebo titration. Patients who did not meet these criteria continued without titration. The primary objective was comparison of the proportion of patients achieving an objective response between randomised groups. Safety analyses were based on all patients who received at least one dose of axitinib. This ongoing trial is registered with ClinicalTrials.gov, number NCT00835978. Between Sept 2, 2009, and Feb 28, 2011, we enrolled 213 patients, of whom 112 were randomly assigned to either the axitinib titration group (56 patients) or the placebo titration group (56 patients). 91 were not eligible for titration, and ten withdrew during the lead-in period. 30 patients (54%, 95% CI 40-67) in the axitinib titration group had an objective response, as did 19 patients (34%, 22-48]) in the placebo titration group (one-sided p=0·019). 54 (59%, 95% CI 49-70) of non-randomised patients achieved an objective response. Common grade 3 or worse, all-causality adverse events in treated patients were hypertension (ten [18%] of 56 in the axitinib titration group vs five [9%] of 56 in the placebo titration group vs 45 [49%] of 91 in the non-randomised group), diarrhoea (seven [13%] vs two [4%] vs eight [9%]), and decreased weight (four [7%] vs three [5%] vs six [7%]). One or more all-causality serious adverse events were reported in 15 (27%) patients in the axitinib titration group, 13 (23%) patients in the placebo titration group, and 35 (38%) non-randomised patients. The most common serious adverse events in all 213 patients were disease progression and dehydration (eight each [4%]), and diarrhoea, vomiting, pneumonia, and decreased appetite (four each [2%]). The greater proportion of patients in the axitinib titration group achieving an objective response supports the concept of individual axitinib dose titration in selected patients with metastatic renal-cell carcinoma. Axitinib shows clinical activity with a manageable safety profile in treatment-naive patients with this disease. Pfizer Inc.
    The Lancet Oncology 10/2013; · 25.12 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: To identify sunitinib alternative schedules (AS) that maintained dose intensity while decreasing adverse events (AEs) in patients with metastatic renal cell cancer (mRCC), and to determine impact of AS on clinical outcomes. A retrospective review of patients ≥ 18 yr of age with clear-cell mRCC who received first-line sunitinib between 1/26/06 and 3/1/11 at a major Comprehensive Cancer Center. Subset of patients switched at first intolerable AE from traditional schedule (28 d on, 14 d off; TS) to 14 d on/7 d off schedule or other AS. Control group underwent standard dose reduction. Progression-free survival (PFS) and overall survival (OS) were estimated by the Kaplan-Meier method. Predictors of PFS and OS were analyzed using Cox regression. One hundred eighty five patients were included for analysis; 87% were on TS at baseline. During treatment, 53% of patients continued TS and 47% initiated or transitioned to AS. Baseline characteristics were similar. AEs prompting schedule modification included fatigue (64%), hand-foot syndrome (38%) and diarrhea (32%). Median time to AS was 5.6 mo. Median OS was 17.7 mo (95% confidence interval [CI], 10.8-22.2) on TS compared to 33.0 mo (95% CI, 29.3- not estimable) on AS (P < 0.0001). By multivariable analysis; poor ECOG PS, increased LDH, decreased albumin, unfavorable Heng criteria, and TS are associated with decreased OS (P < 0.05). Sunitinib administered on AS may mitigate AEs and has comparable outcomes as TS for mRCC patients. Prospective investigations of alternate dosing schemas are warranted.
    The Journal of urology 09/2013; · 4.02 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: To characterize the incidence, onset, management, predictors, and clinical impact of mTOR inhibitor associated noninfectious pneumonitis (NIP) on patients with metastatic renal cell carcinoma. Retrospective review of 310 patients with metastatic renal cell carcinoma who received temsirolimus and/or everolimus between 6/1/2007 and 10/1/2010. Clinical correlations were made with serial radiologic imaging. Fisher's exact, Wilcoxon rank sum, and logistic regression analysis were performed to evaluate the association of NIP with demographic or clinical factors. Log rank and Cox proportional hazards regression analysis were used for the time-to-event analysis. NIP occurred in 6% of temsirolimus and 23% of everolimus treated patients. Symptoms included cough, dyspnea, and fever (median of two and three symptoms per patient, respectively). Median NCI-CTCAE pneumonitis grade was 2 for both groups. Older age and everolimus treatment were predictive of NIP. Patients who developed NIP had significantly longer time on treatment (median 4.1 months vs 2 months) and overall survival (OS) (median 15.4 months vs 7.4 months). NIP was a predictor of improved OS by multivariate analysis. An increased incidence of NIP was observed in everolimus treated patients. Improved OS in patients who developed NIP is an intriguing finding and should be further investigated. Given the incidence, morbidity, and outcomes seen in patients on everolimus who develop NIP, management should include proactive monitoring and treatment of NIP with the goal of preserving mTOR inhibitor therapy.
    BJU International 08/2013; · 3.05 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Aberrant AKT activation is prevalent across multiple human cancer lineages providing an important new target for therapy. Twenty-two independent phosphorylation sites have been identified on specific AKT isoforms likely contributing to differential isoform regulation. However, the mechanisms regulating phosphorylation of individual AKT isoform molecules have not been elucidated because of the lack of robust approaches able to assess phosphorylation of multiple sites on a single AKT molecule. Using a nanofluidic proteomic immunoassay (NIA), consisting of isoelectric focusing followed by sensitive chemiluminescence detection, we demonstrate that under basal and ligand-induced conditions that the pattern of phosphorylation events is markedly different between AKT1 and AKT2. Indeed, there are at least 12 AKT1 peaks and at least 5 AKT2 peaks consistent with complex combinations of phosphorylation of different sites on individual AKT molecules. Following insulin stimulation, AKT1 was phosphorylated at Thr308 in the T-loop and Ser473 in the hydrophobic domain. In contrast, AKT2 was only phosphorylated at the equivalent sites (Thr309 and Ser474) at low levels. Further, Thr308 and Ser473 phosphorylation occurred predominantly on the same AKT1 molecules, whereas Thr309 and Ser474 were phosphorylated primarily on different AKT2 molecules. Although basal AKT2 phosphorylation was sensitive to inhibition of phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase (PI3K), basal AKT1 phosphorylation was essentially resistant. PI3K inhibition decreased pThr451 on AKT2 but not pThr450 on AKT1. Thus, NIA technology provides an ability to characterize coordinate phosphorylation of individual AKT molecules providing important information about AKT isoform-specific phosphorylation, which is required for optimal development and implementation of drugs targeting aberrant AKT activation.Oncogene advance online publication, 5 August 2013; doi:10.1038/onc.2013.301.
    Oncogene 08/2013; · 8.56 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Currently approved treatments for metastatic renal cell carcinoma (RCC) include vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF)-blocking agents, mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR) inhibitors, and cytokine therapy. In the near future, we are likely to add immune checkpoint blocking agents to this list. As we develop treatment platforms around each therapeutic class, determining which drug is best for a particular patient becomes increasingly important. At this point, we do not have validated predictive biomarkers for patients with RCC. Here, we discuss the logistical challenges surrounding biomarker development, summarize the current crop of biomarker candidates, and explore potential avenues for the development of more effective predictive tools for patients with advanced RCC.
    Seminars in Oncology 08/2013; 40(4):444-58. · 4.33 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The multi-tyrosine kinase inhibitor pazopanib prolongs progression-free survival (PFS) versus placebo in treatment-naive and cytokine-refractory metastatic clear-cell renal cell carcinoma (ccRCC). Outcomes and safety data with pazopanib after targeted therapy (TT) are limited. We retrospectively evaluated records of consecutive patients with metastatic ccRCC who had progressive disease (PD) after TT and received pazopanib from November 2009 through November 2011. Tumour response was assessed by a blinded radiologist using Response Evaluation Criteria In Solid Tumours (RECIST). PFS and overall survival (OS) were estimated by Kaplan-Meier methods. Ninety-three patients were identified. Median number of prior TTs was 2 (range, 1-5). There were 68 events (PD or death). Among 85 evaluable patients, 13 (15%) had a partial response. Median PFS was 6.5 months (95% CI: 4.5-9.7); median OS was 18.1 months (95% CI: 10.26-NA). Common adverse events (AEs) included fatigue (44%), elevated transaminases (35%), diarrhoea (30%), hypothyroidism (18%), nausea/vomiting (17%), anorexia (14%) and hypertension exacerbation (14%); 91% of AEs were grade 1/2. Eleven patients (12%) discontinued therapy due to AEs. There were no treatment-related deaths. Pazopanib demonstrated efficacy in patients with metastatic ccRCC after PD with other TTs. Toxicity overall was mild/moderate and manageable.
    European journal of cancer (Oxford, England: 1990) 06/2013; · 4.12 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Genetic changes underlying clear cell renal cell carcinoma (ccRCC) include alterations in genes controlling cellular oxygen sensing (for example, VHL) and the maintenance of chromatin states (for example, PBRM1). We surveyed more than 400 tumours using different genomic platforms and identified 19 significantly mutated genes. The PI(3)K/AKT pathway was recurrently mutated, suggesting this pathway as a potential therapeutic target. Widespread DNA hypomethylation was associated with mutation of the H3K36 methyltransferase SETD2, and integrative analysis suggested that mutations involving the SWI/SNF chromatin remodelling complex (PBRM1, ARID1A, SMARCA4) could have far-reaching effects on other pathways. Aggressive cancers demonstrated evidence of a metabolic shift, involving downregulation of genes involved in the TCA cycle, decreased AMPK and PTEN protein levels, upregulation of the pentose phosphate pathway and the glutamine transporter genes, increased acetyl-CoA carboxylase protein, and altered promoter methylation of miR-21 (also known as MIR21) and GRB10. Remodelling cellular metabolism thus constitutes a recurrent pattern in ccRCC that correlates with tumour stage and severity and offers new views on the opportunities for disease treatment.
    Nature 06/2013; · 38.60 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: PURPOSE: The purpose of this guideline is to provide a clinical framework for follow-up of clinically localized renal neoplasms undergoing active surveillance, or following definitive therapy. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A systematic literature review identified published articles in the English literature between January 1999 and 2011 relevant to key questions specified by the Panel related to kidney neoplasms and their follow-up (imaging, renal function, markers, biopsy, prognosis). Study designs consisting of clinical trials (randomized or not), observational studies (cohort, case-control, case series) and systematic reviews were included. RESULTS: Guideline statements provided guidance for ongoing evaluation of renal function, usefulness of renal biopsy, timing/type of radiographic imaging and formulation of future research initiatives. A lack of studies precluded risk stratification beyond tumor staging; therefore, for the purposes of post-operative surveillance guidelines, patients with localized renal cancers were grouped into strata of low- and moderate- to high-risk for disease recurrence based on pathologic tumor stage. CONCLUSIONS: Evaluation for patients on active surveillance and following definitive therapy for renal neoplasms should include physical exam, renal function, serum studies and imaging and should be tailored according to recurrence risk, comorbidities and monitoring for treatment sequelae. Expert opinion determined a judicious course of monitoring/surveillance that may change in intensity as surgical/ablative therapies evolve, renal biopsy accuracy improves and more long term follow-up data is collected. The beneficial impact of careful follow-up will also need critical evaluation as further study is completed.
    The Journal of urology 05/2013; · 4.02 Impact Factor

Publication Stats

1k Citations
589.42 Total Impact Points

Institutions

  • 2007–2014
    • University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center
      • • Genitourinary Medical Oncology
      • • Department of Systems Biology
      • • Department of Urology
      Houston, Texas, United States
    • McGill University
      • Division of Urology
      Montréal, Quebec, Canada
  • 2013
    • Centro Nacional de Investigaciones Oncológicas
      • Human Cancer Genetics Programme
      Madrid, Madrid, Spain
  • 2012
    • VU University Medical Center
      Amsterdamo, North Holland, Netherlands
  • 2011
    • Houston Methodist Hospital
      Houston, Texas, United States
  • 2010
    • University of Wisconsin, Madison
      • Department of Urology
      Madison, MS, United States
    • Netherlands Cancer Institute
      • Department of Urology
      Amsterdamo, North Holland, Netherlands
    • Dana-Farber Cancer Institute
      Boston, Massachusetts, United States
  • 2009
    • General University Hospital of Larissa
      Lárissa, Thessaly, Greece
    • Fox Chase Cancer Center
      • Department of Medical Oncology
      Philadelphia, PA, United States
    • University of Texas Health Science Center at Houston
      Houston, Texas, United States