[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: To comparatively analyze the ultrastructural changes in the submandibular and parotid glands and in the exocrine pancreas following diabetes induced by Streptozotocin exposure and the effects of fasting and insulin treatment on these alterations.
For experimental procedure, we included 48 Sprague-Dawley type rats in July 2001-March 2002 at Gazi University, Turkey. We divided the rats into 8 groups following the infusion of Streptozotocin.
While the degeneration manifested itself as accumulation of secretions within the mucous cells in the submandibular gland, lipid droplets were absent, being replaced by vacuolar structures. The parotid gland and exocrine pancreas, having similar properties, were affected similarly. Diabetes-induced loss of granules was observed in the serous cells in both glands. There was diffuse lipid accumulation within these cells. Regarding granule content, we observed the most prominent degenerative changes in the parotid gland. While cellular loss was observed in neither the submandibular, nor the parotid gland, we noted presence of apoptotic cells was noted in the pancreas. State of fasting was found to cause alterations within the glands indicating increased activity. While insulin treatment was seen to restore the structure to normal in general in both of the 3 glands.
This study demonstrated that both of the 3 glands are affected by diabetes and concomitant fasting, and this effect manifests itself via the granule content.
Saudi medical journal 02/2007; 28(1):28-35. · 0.62 Impact Factor
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: This study was intended to investigate the effects of alcohol on the ultrastructure of fetal cerebellar Purkinje cells. Twelve adult female rats of Sprague-Dawley species were utilized. Control and experiment groups were formed. Rats were made pregnant. Rats in experiment group were administered liquid diet containing 6% alcohol. Cerebellums of infant rats were taken on 6th, 8th, and 10th days after birth. For electron microscopy, tissue sections were processed and stained with the usual methods. When control and experiment groups were compared for electron microscopic investigation, degeneration of mithocondria as cristolysis, dilatations of rough endoplasmic reticulum tubuli, and ring-shaped appearance of Golgi apparatus unit were determined. In some groups, nuclear membrane disintegrated. In cytoplasms of Purkinje cells, multivesicular bodies were distinguished. It was determined that liquid diet containing 6% alcohol had toxic effects on Purkinje cells and caused ultrastructural signs of degeneration in these cells.
International Journal of Neuroscience 01/2006; 115(12):1669-86. · 1.22 Impact Factor
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The effects of various estrogen replacement protocols to prevent bone loss following ovariectomy have been the subject of many studies in rats. This study was designed to determine the effects of early intermittent high-dose estrogen replacement therapy, which has hitherto not been studied, on bone structure of ovariectomized rats.
Bilateral ovariectomies were performed in 20 female mature non-pregnant Wistar rats. All the animals were randomly assigned to two groups to receive either subcutaneous 17 beta-estradiol (25 mg/kg) or only sesame oil on days 15 and 22 after ovariectomy. Fourteen days after the last injection, the rats were sacrificed and proximal femurs were removed for both light and electron microscopic analyses.
In the light microscopic analysis, control femurs exhibited a marked destruction in the structure of the cancellous bone, whereas estradiol-treated rats had almost normal cancellous bone. Ultrastructural analysis showed degeneration and increased turnover in bone cells of the control femurs, whereas the bone cells and the bone matrix appeared almost normal in the treatment group. A statistically significant increase in serum estrogen levels was found in estradiol-treated rats (580+/-124 pg/ml versus 62+/-16 pg/ml, p<0.001).
Intermittent high-dose estrogen treatment prevents cancellous bone loss in the proximal femurs of ovariectomized rats through inhibition of bone turnover and results in significantly increased serum estrogen levels.
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The distribution of EGF receptors (EGF-R) was examined in normal, hyaline membrane diseased and pneumonic newborn lung tissues by immunohistochemical methods under the light microscope. The PAP technique with polyclonal antibodies was performed to demonstrate the EGF receptor localisation in these tissues. Strong EGF-R reactivity was observed on bronchiolar epithelium and type I and type II alveolar cells in normal newborn lung tissues; whereas, poor reactivity was observed in alveolar macrophages. On the other hand, strong immunoreactivity was detected in type I alveolar cells and alveolar macrophages in hyaline membrane disease, but no reactivity was present in type II alveolar cells. The strongest immunoreactivity was observed in alveolar macrophages of newborn pneumonic lung tissues. In conclusion, the most meaningful form of reactivity was observed in normal newborn lung tissues of airway track and respiration area. This result is related with the maturation of the lungs after birth.
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The fetal skeleton double staining method is used to reveal developmental abnormalities in the skeletal system. We used alizarin red S and alcian blue successfully with microwave irradiation for skeletal double staining. The fixation time was reduced from 4-7 days to 2-2.5 min and the staining time was reduced from 4 days to 23 min.
Biotechnic and Histochemistry 04/1999; 74(2):57-63. · 1.06 Impact Factor
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The integrin receptors are a family of transmembrane glycoproteins comprising non-covalent heterodimers. They interact with a wide variety of ligands including extracellular matrix glycoproteins, complement and other cell, while their intracellular domains interact with the cytoskeleton. They participate in cell-matrix and cell-cell adhesion in many physiologically important processes including embryological development, hemostasis, thrombosis, wound healing, immune and nonimmune defense mechanisms, and in oncogenic transformation. This investigation was focused on the histological distribution of the beta 1-integrins in the human tonsil using an indirect immunoperoxidase method. Present data suggest that lymphocyte and antigen presenting cells (FDCs, IDCs, and macrophages) interact with each other following adhesion to extracellular matrix proteins (e.g. fibronectin) through their integrin receptors in order to carry out special immunological functions. In addition, stromal elements and epithelial components were shown to express VLA integrins providing interactions for tissue organization and compartmentalization.
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The integrin receptors are a family of transmembrane glycoproteins comprising non-covalent heterodimers. They interact with a wide variety of ligands including extracellular matrix glycoproteins, complement and other cells while their intracellular domains interact with the cytoskeleton. They participate in cell-matrix and cell-cell adhesion in many physiologically important processes including embryological development, hemostasis, thrombosis, wound healing, immune and nonimmune defense mechanisms, and oncogenic transformation. This investigation is focused on the histological distribution of the beta 1-integrins in the human thymus, using an indirect immunoperoxidase method. With the exception of VLA-4, none of the beta 1 integrins were expressed on thymocytes which were strongly positive in the cortex and perivascular compartment, somewhat weaker in the medulla. Thymic epithelial cells were positive for VLA-1, VLA-2, VLA-3 and VLA-6, but the distribution pattern of these molecules in epithelial cells at certain locations was quite different. VLA-1 was weakly expressed by both cortical and medullary epithelial cells. VLA-2 was strongly positive in cortical epithelial cells forming a dense framework at the peripheral cortex. VLA-3 and VLA-6 selectively stained a single flattened epithelial cell layer (perilobular epithelial cells) demarcating the peripheral cortex from the surrounding perivascular compartment. VLA-1,3,5,6 were also demonstrated in the endothelial cells and subendothelial layer of the thymic vasculature. In conclusion: the distribution of integrins in human thymus tissues is of special interest. Such distribution shows that the VLA integrins may have different functions in different areas. The data presented in this study may be important in evaluating the functional role of the VLA integrins in thymocyte maturation in different compartments of the thymus.
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The aim of this study was to evaluate the application of hematoxylin, safranin, light green and picric acid as counterstain in sperm immunohistochemistry. This is important to visualize the best staining procedure and to determine the advantage of picric acid as a counterstain in some situations. Picric acid used for counterstaining in the immunohistochemical procedure gives the best image of reaction on sperms when DAB was used as a chromogen.
Archives of Andrology 51(3):233-8. · 0.89 Impact Factor