Zhi-feng Qiu

Peking Union Medical College Hospital, Peping, Beijing, China

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Publications (33)6.15 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: To evaluate the influence of long-term nucleotide reverse transcriptase inhibitors (NRTIs) on lipids metabolism in HIV/AIDS patients and correlating clinical factors. A total of 118 HIV/AIDS patients were divided into 3 groups: untreated group (40 patients), highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART) for 1 - 2 years group (37 patients) and HAART over 5 years group (41 patients), with 20 healthy individuals as the control group. Clinical lipodystrophy (LD) was defined as concordance between patient's report of change and physical examination. Fat mass (FM) was measured by dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA). There was no significant difference in the incidence of LD between HAART for 1 - 2 years group and HAART over 5 years group (51.2% vs 40.5%, P = 0.345). The prevalence of LD was 2.4 folds with strvudine (d4T) treatment compared with zidovudine (AZT)-containing regimens (61.6% vs 23.5%, P = 0.001). Based on DXA measurements, FM of total body and limbs were significantly lower in the HAART over 5 years group than that in the control group, the untreated group and the HAART for 1 - 2 years group (P < 0.05). Trunk FM was significantly lower in the HAART over 5 years group than the untreated group and the HAART for 1 - 2 years group (P < 0.05). FM of total body and trunk were significantly lower in patients without LD in the HAART over 5 years group than patients without LD in the HAART for 1 - 2 years group (P < 0.05). FM was correlated positively with body weight and BMI. Limbs FM was correlated negatively with peripheral blood triglyceride concentration. HIV/AIDS patients with NRTIs therapy have high prevalence of LD, which mainly occurs 1 - 2 years after therapy, and increases with d4T treatment compared with AZT-containing regimens. There was no significant difference in the incidence of LD between the HAART for 1 - 2 years group and the HAART over 5 years group. FM was significantly decreased after long-term HAART in the patients with or without LD. DXA can evaluate LD objectively and guide further clinical treatment.
    Zhonghua nei ke za zhi [Chinese journal of internal medicine] 11/2012; 51(11):859-62.
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    ABSTRACT: To evaluate the influence of highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART) on bone mineral density (BMD) in HIV/AIDS patients and correlating clinical factors. 149 HIV patients were divided into 3 groups:untreated group with 41 patients, HAART for 1-2 years group with 60 patients, HAART over 5 years group with 48 patients; 20 healthy individuals included as a control group. BMD-T score and BMD-Z score were measured by dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA). BMD-Z score of right hip was significantly lower in HAART over 5 years group (0.16 ± 0.82) than untreated group (0.61 ± 1.09) (P = 0.039). BMD-Z score of right femoral neck was significantly lower in HAART over 5 years group (-0.002 ± 0.87) than untreated group (0.55 ± 1.08) (P = 0.012). BMD-Z score of HAART for 1-2 years group was not significantly decreased. BMD-Z score of right hip and right femoral neck were correlated negatively with HAART duration. The incidence of osteopenia/osteoprosis in HAART for 1 - 2 years group (31.7%) and HAART over 5 years group (31.3%) were significantly higher than untreated group (12.2%) (P < 0.05). Body weight was revealed as a risk factor of osteopenia/osteoporosis. BMD of right hip and right femur neck were significantly lower in HAART over 5 years group. The incidence of osteopenia/osteoprosis were significantly higher in patients receiving HAART. BMD were correlated negatively with HAART duration. Patients in long-term HAART combined with risk factors such as old age or lower body weight should be checked by DXA regularly.
    Zhonghua yi xue za zhi 05/2012; 92(17):1155-8.
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    ABSTRACT: To summarize the clinical characteristics of AIDS phobia patients and establish the preliminary clinical diagnostic criteria. The clinical information of 46 AIDS phobia patients was collected and summarized. General demographic data, clinical manifestations and laboratory results were analyzed. The clinical characteristics of AIDS phobia patients include: (1) With or without high-risk behavior of HIV-1 infection; (2) Patients repeatedly demanded HIV/AIDS related laboratory tests, suspected or believed in HIV-1 infection with daily life affected; (3) The main complaints were non-specific including influenza-like symptoms (headache, sore throat and so on), fasciculation, formication, arthrodynia, fatigue and complaint of fever with normal body temperature; physical examination did not reveal any positive physical sign except white coated tongue; (4) Symptoms mainly appeared 0-3 months after the high-risk behavior while HIV-1 antibody kept negative; (5) T lymphocyte subsets test was carried out in 23 patients and showed 19 (82.6%) with CD(4)(+) T lymphocyte count > 500/µl, the remaining 4 were 300 - 500/µl, with the lowest count of 307/µl. Few patients had inversed CD(4)(+)/CD(8)(+) ratio but without excessive CD(8)(+)T lymphocyte activation. AIDS phobia is a complicated physical and mental disease, whose diagnosis and treatment still need further investigation.
    Zhonghua nei ke za zhi [Chinese journal of internal medicine] 08/2011; 50(8):650-3.
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    ABSTRACT: To investigate the change regularity of peripheral blood mononuclear cell (PBMC) mtDNA (mitochondrial deoxyribonucleic acid) content and its association with HIV-LD (human immunodeficiency virus-related lipodystrophy) in HAART (highly active antiretroviral therapy). At baseline, Months 6 and 24 of therapy, the cryopreserved PBMC were collected from 33 patients on a regular follow-up at our clinic. Among them, 17 had HIV-LD. Then total DNA was extracted and mtDNA content quantified by real-time PCR (polymerase chain reaction). The HIV/AIDS patients had a lower content of PBMC mtDNA (2(-ΔΔCt)) than the healthy controls at baseline (9.578 vs 17.195, P < 0.01). The mtDNA content was lower in the HIV-LD group than that in the no LD (NLD) group at each time point of therapy (13.619 vs 5.775, 6.360 vs 1.387, 7.170 vs 1.266, all P < 0.05). In the HIV-LD group, the half- and 2-year PBMC mtDNA content was markedly lower than those at baseline (both P < 0.05). And the change of mtDNA content (within half a year) was earlier than the onset of clinical HIV-LD at one year later. In the NLD group, the PBMC mtDNA content have an insignificant change after therapy. The mtDNA content decreased significantly in stavudine (d4T)-containing regimen group after treatment (P < 0.01), but showed no significant change in zidovudine (AZT)-containing regimen group after therapy. The decreased content of PBMC mtDNA after HIV infection and during HAART therapy is associated with HIV-LD. Nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitor, especially d4T, plays an important role in the progression of HIV-LD.
    Zhonghua yi xue za zhi 06/2011; 91(21):1448-52.
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    ABSTRACT: To evaluate the safety profiles of three nevirapine-based therapies for antiretroviral-naive Chinese adults infected with HIV-1 (human immunodeficiency virus-1). For this prospective multicentric randomized trial, a total of 198 antiretroviral-naive HIV-1 positive patients were recruited from 13 research centers in China. They were randomly assigned to receive three NVP-based antiretroviral therapies for 52 weeks: Group A, AZT (zidovudine) + DDI (didanosine) + NVP (nevirapine); Group B, D4T (stavudine) + 3TC (lamivudine) + NVP; Group C, AZT + 3TC + NVP. Their clinical events and laboratory examinations were monitored at baseline and the end of weeks 4, 8, 12, 24, 36 & 52 post-HAART (highly active antiretroviral therapy) to evaluate the occurrence of adverse events (AEs). The chi-square or Fisher's exact test was employed to compare the rates of AEs among three treatment groups. Multivariate logistic regression analyses were used to identify the factors associated with hepatotoxicity. For all tests, P < 0.05 was considered as statistically significant. During the 52-week HAART, 968 cases of AEs occurred in 188 patients (95.0%). Only 37.4% experienced grade 3/4 AE. And 37 patients withdrew because of HAART-related AEs (18.7%). The common AEs were hepatotoxicity, bone morrow suppression, gastrointestinal disorders, rash and hyperlipidemia, etc. Most instances of AEs occurred during the early 12 weeks. The total count of AEs for each group had no statistic significant difference (P = 0.403). Bone marrow suppression was more strongly associated with an AZT-containing HAART and it was especially prone to gastrointestinal disorders when combined with DDI. The introduction of D4T or DDI led more frequently to peripheral neuropathy and hyperlipidemia. Logistic regression analysis indicated that presence of hepatotoxicity was associated with a higher baseline level of CD4 (CD4 count > 250/µl) (OR = 2.08, 95%CI: 1.114 - 3.882, P = 0.021). The common reasons of discontinuing HAART are hepatotoxicity, gastrointestinal disorders, bone marrow suppression and rash. The occurrence of AEs should be vigorously monitored especially during the early 3 months of HAART. The HIV/AIDS patients with a CD4 count of > 250/µl shall avoid any NVP-containing regimen.
    Zhonghua yi xue za zhi 05/2011; 91(19):1318-22.
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    Wei Cao, Zhi-Feng Qiu, Tai-Sheng Li
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    ABSTRACT: To assess the peripheral T lymphocyte subsets in chronic hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection, and their dynamics in response to adefovir dipivoxil monotherapy. Proportions and absolute counts of peripheral natural killer cells, B cells, CD8+, CD4+, CD8+CD38+, CD8+CD28+ and CD4+CD28+ T cells were determined using three-color flow cytometry in chronic hepatitis B patients (n = 35), HBV carriers (n = 25) and healthy controls (n = 35). Adefovir dipivoxil was initiated in 17 chronic hepatitis B patients who were regularly followed for 72 wk, during which period the T cell subsets and serum viral load were measured at each follow-up point. The peripheral CD4+ T cell counts and CD8+ T cell counts decreased in chronic HBV infection. In chronic hepatitis B patients, proportions of CD8+CD38+ T cells were 62.0% ± 14.7%, much higher than those of HBV carriers and healthy controls. In the 13 hepatitis B patients who were treated and responded to adefovir dipivoxil, proportions of CD8+CD38+ T cells decreased from 53.9% ± 18.4% pre-therapy to 20.1% ± 11.3% by week 72 (P < 0.001), concomitant with viral load decline (HBV DNA fell from 7.31 to 3 log copies/mL). CD8+ T cell counts also underwent an average increase of 218 cells/μL by the end of 72-wk treatment. In those who failed the therapy, the CD8+CD38+ T cell population had more fluctuations. CD8+ T cells abnormally activated in chronic HBV infection can be partially reversed by antiviral therapy. HBV-associated immune activation may be a crucial part of the pathogenesis and a promising target of treatment.
    World Journal of Gastroenterology 05/2011; 17(17):2191-8. · 2.55 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Increased risk of atherosclerosis has been reported in patients with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection since highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART) has come into use. However, there is no clear evidence of premature atherosclerosis in Chinese HIV-infected patients. Our study was designed to determine the relationship between HIV infection and atherosclerosis in Chinese HIV-infected patients. One hundred and forty-five patients were enrolled in this study. These included 82 HIV-infected patients (41 HAART-treated and 41 antiretroviral therapy (ART) naïve patients) and 43 HIV-negative control subjects. Data on traditional cardiovascular risk factors, HIV infection parameters, and treatment regimens were collected. Pulse wave velocity (PWV) was determined using a pulse pressure analyzer to evaluate the function of the arterial wall as an indicator of atherosclerotic vascular damage. A higher PWV ((1358.3 ± 117.8) cm/s vs. (1270.2 ± 189.2) cm/s, P = 0.010) was found in ART naïve HIV-infected patients compared with control subjects. However, HAART treated patients had lower PWV compared to ART naïve patients ((1283.8 ± 181.4) cm/s vs. (1358.0 ± 117.8) cm/s, P = 0.033). Multiple regression analysis revealed that age (B = 5.218, 95% confidence interval (CI) 1.420 - 9.016, P = 0.008), current smoking (B = -74.671, 95%CI -147.003 to -2.339, P = 0.043) and HAART (92.7% patients on a protease inhibitor-free regimen) (B = -169.169, 95%CI -272.508 to -65.831, P = 0.010) were associated with reduced PWV in HIV-infected patients. Reduced PWV in HIV-infected Chinese patients indicates that they are more likely to develop arterial wall stiffness, possibly by atherosclerosis. A protease inhibitor-free regime may be protective for arterial wall of HIV infected patients.
    Chinese medical journal 12/2010; 123(23):3396-9. · 0.90 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: To evaluate the influence of highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART)on bone mineral density(BMD) of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infected patients and correlating clinical factors. The clinical data from 2007 to 2008 were analyzed, including 50 patients treated with HAART (named treated group), 12 HIV-infected antiretroviral-naive patients (named untreated group) and 20 healthy people (named control group). Lumbar, femoral neck, femur, femoral greater trochanter and whole body BMD were measured by dual energy X-ray absorptiometry. The data were respectively analyzed. There were 19(38.0%) patients with osteopenia and 1 (2.0%) patient with osteoporosis in the treated group. There were 6 (50.0%) patients with osteopenia and 2 (16.7%) patient with osteoporosis in the untreated group. There were 5 (25.0%) patients with osteopenia, no one with osteoporosis in the control group. The prevalence of osteopenia/osteoporosis was statistically higher in the untreated group than that in the control group (P=0.02). The BMD of femur, femoral neck and greater trochanter [(0.97±0.14), (0.91±0.13), (0.76±0.12) g/cm2] in the HIV-infected group (including the treated and untreated group) were significantly lower than that in the control group [(1.04±0.12), (0.98±0.14), (0.84 ± 0.11) g/cm2, P<0.05]. There were no significantly differences in the BMD between the untreated group and the treated group. In the treated group, osteopenia/osteoporosis correlated with body weight less than 60 kg (r=0.074, P=0.004) and the viral load before HAART (r=5.103, P=0.021). The prevalence of osteopenia and osteoporosis in antiretroviral-naive HIV-infected patients is higher. The BMD of HIV-infected patients are reduced compared with the healthy people. The BMD is similar among HIV-infected patients irrespective of antiretroviral treatment. Body weight less than 60 kg and the viral load before HAART are the risk factors of osteopenia/osteoporosis for the HIV-infected antiretroviral patients.
    Zhonghua nei ke za zhi [Chinese journal of internal medicine] 08/2010; 49(8):649-52.
  • Yi Dai, Xu-li Li, Lu Wang, Zhi-feng Qiu, Tai-sheng Li
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    ABSTRACT: To observe changes in T cell subsets and TH1/TH2 secreted cytokines in the plasma of patients with hemorrhagic fever with renal syndrome (HFRS). Totally 22 patients with HFRS (9 mild cases and 13 moderate cases) were enrolled. Blood samples were taken 1, 4, and 12 weeks after presentation. T cell subsets were tested by flow cytometry (FCM), and the expression of cytokines in plasma were analysed with enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). Another 16 healthy blood donors were enrolled as the control group. CD3 + CD8 + T lymphocytes increased at week 1 and 4 (P < 0.01), which was more significant in mild cases than in moderate cases (P < 0.05). The change of CD3 + CD4 + T lymphocytes during the disease course were not significantly different from that in control group (P > 0.05). One week after presentation, TH1 [interleukin (IL)-2 and interferon-gamma (IFN-gamma)] and TH2 (IL-6, IL-10) cytokine productions were significantly higher in HFRS patients than in the control group (P < 0.01); IL-2 and IL-10 remained high levels during the whole observation period, and were still significantly higher than in the control group (P < 0.01). At week 4, the plasma IL-5 level was significantly higher in HFRS patients than in the control group (P < 0.01), and were still significantly higher than in the control group at week 12 (P < 0.01). At week 1 and 4, the plasma INF-gamma levels were significantly higher in moderate patients than in mild patients (P < 0.05); at week 12, the plasma IL-10 level was significantly higher in moderate patients than in mild patients(P < 0.05). CD3 + CD4 + T lymphocytes remarkably increases at the early stage of disease in patients with mild HFRS. The early cell mediated immune response is helpful for disease control. The cytokines INF-gamma and IL-10 increase more obviously in moderate patients, indicating that cytokines also are key pathogenic factors of HRFS.
    Zhongguo yi xue ke xue yuan xue bao. Acta Academiae Medicinae Sinicae 02/2010; 32(1):108-12.
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    ABSTRACT: CD4(+) T cell counts have been used as the indicator of human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) disease progression and thereby to determine when to start highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART). Whether and how the baseline CD4(+) T cell count affects the immunological and viral responses or adverse reactions to nevirapine (NVP)-containing HAART in Chinese HIV-1 infected adults remain to be characterized. One hundred and ninety-eight HIV-seropositive antiretroviral therapy (ART)-naive subjects were enrolled into a prospective study from 2005 to 2007. Data were analyzed by groups based on baseline CD4(+) T cell counts either between 100 - 200 cells/microl or 201 - 350 cells/microl. Viral responses, immunologic responses and adverse events were monitored at baseline and at weeks 4, 12, 24, 36, 52, 68, 84, 100. Eighty-six and 112 subjects ranged their CD4(+) T cell counts 100 - 200 cells/microl and 201 - 350 cells/microl, respectively. The pre-HAART viral load in CD4 201 - 350 cells/microl group was significantly lower than that in CD4 100 - 200 cells/microl group (P = 0.000). After treatment, no significant differences were observed between these two groups either in the plasma viral load (pVL) or in the viral response rate calculated as the percentage of pVL less than 50 copies/ml or less than 400 copies/ml. The CD4(+) T cell counts were statistically higher in the 201 - 350 group during the entire follow-ups (P < 0.01) though CD4(+) T cell count increases were similar in these two groups. After 100-week treatment, the median of CD4(+) T cell counts were increased to 331 cells/microl for CD4 100 - 200 cells/microl group and to 462 cells/microl for CD4 201 - 350 cells/microl group. Only a slightly higher incidence of nausea was observed in CD4 201 - 350 cells/microl group (P = 0.05) among all adverse reactions, including rash and liver function abnormality. The pVLs and viral response rates are unlikely to be associated with the baseline CD4(+) T cell counts. Initiating HAART in Chinese HIV-1 infected patients with higher baseline CD4(+) T cell counts could result in higher total CD4(+) T cell counts thereby achieve a better immune recovery. These results support current guidelines to start HAART at a threshold of 350 cells/microl.
    Chinese medical journal 10/2009; 122(20):2497-502. · 0.90 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: To study the characteristics of the peripheral blood lymphocyte subsets in pediatric patients with chronic active EBV (CAEBV) infection. Flow cytometry was used to detect the peripheral blood NK, B, T lymphocyte subsets and the functional, regulatory, naïve, memory and activatory subsets of T lymphocytes in 10 pediatric patients with CAEBV infection, 13 pediatric patients with acute Epstein-Barr virus infection (AEBV) and 12 healthy children in our hospital between March 2004 and April 2008. Compared with AEBV group, the number of white blood cells [3325 x 10(6)/L (median, just the same as the following)], lymphocytes (1078 x 10(6)/L), NK cells (68 x 10(6)/L), B cells (84 x 10(6)/L), total T cells (684 x 10(6)/L), CD4+ T cells (406 x 10(6)/L) and CD8+ T cells (295 x 10(6)/L) in CAEBV patients were lower (P<0.05). The functional subset of the CD4+ T cells in CAEBV group (94.5%) was lower than those of the healthy control group (98.7%) (P<0.05), but was still higher than those of AEBV group (74.0%) (P<0.05). While the functional subset of the CD8+ T cells in CAEBV (40.7%) was not dramatically different from the healthy control group (48.3%), but was still higher than that of AEBV group (21.0%) (P<0.05). Although the regulatory subset in CAEBV group (5.0%) was higher than the health control group (4.6%) (P<0.05), but lower than AEBV group (5.8%) (P<0.05). In CAEBV, the proportion of CD4+/CD8+ naïve T cells (32.3%/37.5%) was lower than that of normal group (58.3%/56.6%) (P<0.05), but the proportion of CD4+/CD8+ effective memory T cells in CAEBV group (23.9%/15.1%) was lower than that in AEBV group (36.5%/69.8%) (P<0.05), while the proportion of CD8+ fake naïve T cells in CAEBV (17.5%) was higher than the other 2 groups (P<0.05). The CD8+ activatory subset in CAEBV group (84.4%/34.0%) was higher than that of the healthy control group (44.1%/16.7%) (P<0.05), but still lower than AEBV group (96%/95%) (P<0.05). There is an imbalance in lymphocyte subsets and disturbance in cellular immunity in CAEBV patients, which may be associated with EBV chronic active infection. Detecting the peripheral haematologic parameters and lymphocyte subsets may be helpful in the diagnosis and the differential diagnosis of CAEBV.
    Zhonghua er ke za zhi. Chinese journal of pediatrics 06/2009; 47(6):441-5.
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    ABSTRACT: To investigate the prevalence of glucose and lipid abnormalities in AIDS patients treated with highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART) and difference thereof between the HIV-lipodystrophy (LD) and non-HIV-LD groups, and to compare the plasma levels of adiponectin (APN) and leptin (LEP) and their relationship to metabolic disturbance and fat redistribution in these 2 groups. Fifty-two HIV-infected patients were divided into HIV-LD group and non-HIV-LD group according to the patients' reports and doctors' evaluation. Body composition was assessed by whole body dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry. Plasma samples were analyzed for cholesterol, triglyceride (TG), high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C), low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C), insulin, APN, and LEP. The prevalence of dyslipidemia and hyperinsulinemia, the difference of adipocytokine levels, and the relationship of adiponectin, leptin with lipids, insulin as well as fat mass in different body regions were analyzed between the groups. The prevalence rates of hypercholesterolaemia, hypertriglyceridaemia, and low HDL-C level were 17.3%, 50.0%, and 17.3% respectively. The rate of hyperinsulinemia and any kind of dyslipidemia were 25.0% and 59.6%. Compared with non-HIV-LD patients, HIV-LD patients had higher TG level, and lower HDL-C and APN levels. In the HIV-LD group, the APN level was correlated positively with limb/total body fat, but negatively with trunk/total body fat, and was an independent predictor of HDL-C and insulin level. However, LEP was positively correlated with the levels of total body fat, limb fat, and trunk fat in both groups. The prevalence rates of dyslipidemia and insulin resistance are high in Chinese HIV/AIDS patients receiving HAART, especially in the HIV-LD group. The APN concentration in the HIV-LD patients is closely related to fat redistribution and independently predicts the levels of HDL-C and insulin. LEP can serve as a biomarker of total body fat mass.
    Zhonghua yi xue za zhi 05/2009; 89(13):867-71.
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    ABSTRACT: To study the prevalence, clinical characteristics and risk factors of HIV-related lipodystrophy syndrome (HIV-LD) in our cohort of HIV-1 infected Chinese adults. In a cross-sectional study, 55 HIV-infected patients were recruited from the HIV clinic of Peking Union Medical College Hospital; most of them were undergoing the first-class highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART) of today in China. Lipoatrophy or lipohypertrophy was defined if there was concordance between the report of fat change and clinical examination of the participants. Whole body dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry (DEXA) scanning was performed. Prevalence of clinical body fat redistribution in the present study was 47.3%. Comparing with non-LD patients, HIV-LD patients had elder age and longer exposure to HAART (P < 0.05). HAART exposure and stavudine (d4T) usage were two independent risk factors for HIV-LD. HIV-related fat redistribution does exist in Chinese HIV population. Peripheral lipoatrophy occurs commonly in HIV-infected adults but is not associated with increased trunk fat. HAART exposure and especially d4T usage are independent risk factors for HIV-LD.
    Zhonghua nei ke za zhi [Chinese journal of internal medicine] 02/2009; 48(2):118-21.
  • Lu Wang, Xu-Li Li, Yi Dai, Zhi-Feng Qiu, Tai-Sheng Li
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    ABSTRACT: To observe the changes of the plasma pro-inflammatory cytokines levels in patients with hemorrhagic fever with renal syndrome (HFRS). Enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) was performed to detect the plasma pro-inflammatory cytokines levels of 22 HFRS patients (9 mild cases and 13 moderate cases) 1, 4, and 12 weeks after they were diagnosed. Sixteen healthy blood donors were recruited as control group. The levels of interleukin (IL)-1beta, IL-6, IL-10, tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-alpha, and IL-8 in HFRS patients were significantly higher than those in control group 1 week after they were diagnosed (all P < 0.01). The levels of IL-6 and TNF-alpha in HFRS patients returned to the normal levels four weeks after the diagnosis, while those of IL-1beta, IL-8, and IL-10 remained significantly higher than those in control group 12 weeks after the diagnosis (all P < 0.01). The IL-8 and IL-10 levels in mild HFRS patients were significantly higher than those in moderate HFRS patients at the same period (all P < 0.05). Abnormal expressions and secretion of pro-inflammatory cytokines occurs during the disease course of HFRS.
    Zhongguo yi xue ke xue yuan xue bao. Acta Academiae Medicinae Sinicae 11/2008; 30(5):607-9.
  • Jing Xie, Zhi-Feng Qiu, Yang Han
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    ABSTRACT: To investigate the different reconstitutional profiles for acquired (CD(4)(+)T cell) and innate (NK cell, gammadelta T lymphocyte) immunity after highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART). The CD(3)(+)CD(4)(+), CD(3)(+)CD(4)(-)CD(8)(-), CD(3)(-)CD(16)/CD(56)(+), CD(4)(+)CD(45)RA(+)CD(62)L(+) and CD(4)(+)CD(45)RA(-) subsets were measured by flow cytometry. The dynamic changes of these subsets after HAART initiation were assessed in 59 patients who were followed for 12 months in regular 3-month visits. At baseline the cell counts of CD(4)(+)T cells including its naïve and memory subsets, NK cell and gammadelta T cells in HIV/AIDS patients were all significantly lower than those of healthy individuals. There was a decrease of 2.33 lg copies/ml in HIV-1 RNA from baseline noted 1 month after initiation of treatment which was sustained through 12 months. CD(4)(+)T cell count showed a bi-phase increase during treatment. The first rapid increase was mainly memory CD(4)(+)T cells and this followed by the second slow but steady increase of naïve CD(4)(+)T cells. Increases in NK cell and gammadelta T cell were noted at 3 months of HAART and this restoration were different quantitatively when compared with the one in CD(4)(+)T cells. HAART could induce a different quantitative restorational patterns in peripheral CD(4)(+)T cells, NK cells and gammadelta T cells.
    Zhonghua nei ke za zhi [Chinese journal of internal medicine] 10/2008; 47(9):750-3.
  • Lu Wang, Xu-li Li, Yi Dai, Zhi-feng Qiu, Tai-sheng Li
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    ABSTRACT: To investigate the T cell subsets changes in hemorrhagic fever with renal syndrome (HFRS) patients. 22 HFRS patients who were diagnosed in Qin Huang Dao Third Hospital from April 2005 to July 2005 were enrolled in this study and divided into two groups according to clinical manifestations. T cell subsets of the 22 patients were monitored at week 1, 4 and 12. Another 56 subjects were enrolled as healthy controls. B cell count was normal during the 12 weeks in all the subjects. NK cell decreased significantly at week 1, and recovered at week 4 rapidly. CD(4)(+)T cell count was normal throughout the course of the disease, but the percentage of memory phenotype increased at week 1 and 4, reaching(64.1 +/- 17.5)% and (59.9 +/- 10.1)%, but recovered at week 12. CD(4)(+)CD(28)(+)T cells were normal throughout the entire study. CD(8)(+)T cell count increased dramatically at week 1 and 4, but finally recovered at week 12. The count of CD(8)(+)CD(28)(-)T cells increased significantly at week 1 in low-grade goup, but in median-grade group, this increase lagged to week 4 and was not as significant as in low-grade group. The percentage of CD(38)(+) or HLA-DR(+) subsets of CD(8)(+)T cell increased at week 1, 4. The results confirmed the relationship between HFRS progression and cellular immunity. It revealed that, at the early stage of HFRS, rapid and effective cytotoxicity T lymphocyte response may contribute to clear Hantavirus away and improve HFRS symptom.
    Zhonghua nei ke za zhi [Chinese journal of internal medicine] 09/2008; 47(8):654-7.
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    ABSTRACT: To investigate the clinical characteristics of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)/acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS) patients in China. Totally 143 HIV/AIDS patients who were first diagnosed in Peking Union Medical College Hospital form January 1988 to April 2006 were enrolled in this study. Clinical characteristics were retrospectively analyzed. Among 143 HIV/ AIDS patients, 57 patients had no clinical symptoms and were confirmed by routine examinations; 86 patients had clinical symptoms, including fever (n = 50), weight loss (n = 18), and discomforts involving respiratory system (n = 34), gastrointestinal system (n = 16), and derma and mucosa (n = 17). Opportunistic infections (OIs) such as pneumocystis jiroveci pneumonia (PCP) (n = 27), oropharyngeal candidiasis (n = 16), tuberculosis (n = 15) , and cytomegalovirus (CMV) infection (n = 9) were also observed in patients whose CD4 + T cell counts were less than 200/mm3. Most CMV infection and cryptococcal meningitis occurred in patients whose CD4 + T cell counts were less than 100/mm3. CD4 + T cell count was negatively correlated with plasma viral load (r = -0.420, P = 0.001). Fever, dyspnea, and weight loss are the most common symptoms in the patients of this study. The respiratory system, gastrointestinal system, derma and mucosa are the most commonly affected areas by OIs, and PCP is the most common OI. The occurrence of OIs corelates with CD4 + T cell count.
    Zhongguo yi xue ke xue yuan xue bao. Acta Academiae Medicinae Sinicae 11/2006; 28(5):651-4.
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    ABSTRACT: Highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART) produces profound suppression of HIV replication, substantial increase in CD4(+) T cells, and partial reconstitution of the immune system. However, the numbers of subjects were small in previous Chinese studies. This study evaluated the efficacy and side effects of HAART in Chinese advanced AIDS patients. One hundred and three antiretroviral drug naive AIDS patients were enrolled in this study and were divided into two groups by their baseline CD4(+) count: < 100 cells/microl or > or = 100 cells/microl. Clinical, virological and immunological outcomes were monitored at baseline and at 1, 3, 6, 9 and 12 months during the course of treatment with HAART. One patient died and another was lost from the follow-up. For the remaining 101 HIV/AIDS patients at the 12th month during the HAART, the plasma viral load (VL) was reduced to (3.2 +/- 0.7) lg copies/ml, the CD4(+) count increased to (168 +/- 51) cells/microl [among which the naive phenotype (CD45RA(+)CD62L(+)) increased to (49 +/- 27) cells/microl and the memory phenotype (CD45RA(-)) increased to (119 +/- 55) cells/microl], and the percentage of CD4(+)CD28(+) cells increased. At the same time, there was a significant reduction of CD8(+) T cell activation. In the 69 patients with the baseline CD4(+) count < 100 cells/microl, 37 had a VL < 50 copies/ml; while in the 34 patients with the baseline CD4(+) count > or = 100 cells/microl, 25 had a VL < 50 copies/ml, the difference between the two groups was statistically significant. The CD4(+) T cell count showed a two-phase increase during HAART and a significant positive correlation was shown between the change of CD4(+) count and plasma VL. Over 12 months of HAART, 10 patients had gastrointestinal side effects, 13 peripheral neuritis, 7 hepatic lesions, 8 hematological side effects, 8 skin rashes, 10 lipodystrophy and 1 renal calculus. Immune reconstitution as well as the significantly improved clinical outcomes is observed in Chinese advanced AIDS patients after HAART. Side effects are common during HAART and require clinical attention.
    Chinese medical journal 11/2006; 119(20):1677-82. · 0.90 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The correlation between HIV-1 Nef-specific CD8 T-cell responses and markers of HIV-1 disease progression still remains unclear. This study analysed and compared the role of HIV-1 Nef-specific CD8 T-cell responses in patients with different disease status. Two groups of patients with HIV-1 subtype B infection were selected according to CD4 count and clinical manifestations: long-term nonprogressors (LTNPs, n = 20) and advanced progressors (APs, CD4 count < 500 cells/microl, n = 34). Nef-specific CD8 T-cell responses were studied by interferon-gamma ELISpot assay against 3 pools of HIV-Nef peptides. Nef-specific CD8 T-cell responses did not correlate with viral load or CD4 count in all patients and no significant differences were found in the magnitude of Nef-specific CD8 T-cell responses between groups LTNPs and APs (670 SFC/10(6) peripheral blood mononuclear cells vs 1107 SFC/10(6) peripheral blood mononuclear cells, P = 0.255). Further comparisons showed that there were also no significant correlations observed in group LTNPs, but Nef-specific CD8 T cells correlated negatively with viral load (r = -0.397, P = 0.020) and positively with CD4 count (r = 0.364, P = 0.034) in group APs. These data suggest that different correlation patterns between Nef-specific CD8 T-cell responses and disease progression exist in LTNPs and APs. Although a negative association was observed with concurrent plasma HIV RNA in APs, Nef-specific CD8 T-cell responses might fail to play a protective role in different stages of HIV-1 infection.
    Chinese medical journal 11/2006; 119(19):1609-15. · 0.90 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: To study the alteration of the expression of CD28 on CD4 + T cells in HIV/AIDS patients and observe the dynamics of CD28 expression under highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART). The expression of CD28 on CD4 + T cells, CD4 counts, and plasma viral load were measured by flow cytometry and bDNA assays in 278 treatment-naïve HIV/AIDS patients and 56 healthy controls. In addition, the evolution of these parameters was assessed in 59 patients who initiated HAART and were followed for 12 months in regular 3-month visits. The median level of CD28 on CD4 + T cells decreased dramatically in treatment-naïve HIV-positive individuals than in HIV-negative controls (P <0.001). The expression rate of CD28 molecule was positively correlated with CD4 counts (r = 0.484, P < 0.001), and negatively correlated with plasma viral load (r = -0.300, P <0.001). In patients who had received one month of standard HAART, the level of CD28 on CD4 + T cells increased rapidly from 75.0% to 90.0% (P < 0.001). Moreover, there was a negative correlation between the median CD28 expression and the median viral load (r = - 0.829, P = 0.042). The level of CD28 expression on CD4 + T cells is down-regulated in treatment-naïve HIV/AIDS patients. HAART can successfully restore the lymphocyte subsets of CD4 + CD28 + T cells. The up-regulation of CD28 expression after HAART may be closely correlated with the suppression of the viral replication.
    Zhongguo yi xue ke xue yuan xue bao. Acta Academiae Medicinae Sinicae 10/2006; 28(5):618-21.