[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The gastrorraphy isolated or associated with the use of biological adhesives formed throughout the history of surgery the usual way to promote healing in gastric lesions; however, the use of herbal medicine has been increasingly employed to help the wound healing.
To evaluate the wound healing caused in the stomach of rats using extract of Schinus terebinthifolius Raddi and Carapa guianensis Aublet oil.
Ninety rats, adult males were divided into three groups: aroeira, andiroba and control group, which were subdivided into three subgroups of five animals according to the time of the deaths (seven, 14 and 21 days). All underwent the same surgical procedure (injury and suture the stomach) differing only to the animals in groups aroeira and andiroba that received a daily dose of 100 mg / kg of hydroalcoholic extract and oil, by gavage, while the control group received normal saline. The parameters evaluated were the macroscopic and microscopic test of resistance to air insufflation and test the traction force.
All animals showed good healing of gastric and abdominal wall without infection and dehiscence. Both groups presented neighboring organs adhesions on the gastric surface. The endurance test for air insufflation showed higher average pressure within seven days and the test revealed greater traction force of rupture between seven and 14 days in groups aroeira and andiroba. The intensity of chronic inflammation revealed statistically significant differences in angiogenesis and fibroblast proliferation.
The use of extract of Schinus terebinthifolius Raddi and Carapa guianensis Aublet oil favored the gastric wound healing in rats.
Arquivos brasileiros de cirurgia digestiva : ABCD = Brazilian archives of digestive surgery. 06/2013; 26(2):84-91.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the tendency of the plasma concentration and clearance of procalcitonin (PCT-c) as biomarkers of prognosis of patients with severe sepsis and septic shock, compared to another early prognosis marker, the number of SIRS criteria at sepsis diagnosis. METHODS: We conducted a prospective, observational, cohort study, with patients with severe sepsis and septic shock. The serum procalcitonin was determined at diagnosis of sepsis and after 24 and 48 hours. Demographic data, APACHE IV, SOFA score on arrival, number of SIRS criteria at diagnosis, site of infection and microbiological results were recorded. RESULTS: Twenty-eight patients were included, 19 clinical and nine surgical. In 13 (46.4%) the source of sepsis was pulmonary, abdominal in seven (25.0%), urinary in five (17.9%) and soft tissue in three cases (10.7%). Fifteen patients had severe sepsis and 13 septic shock. Overall mortality was 17.9% (five patients), three with septic shock. Twenty-eight PCT determinations were performed at sepsis diagnosis, 27 after 24 hours and 26 after 48 hours. The initial concentration was not significantly different between survivors and non-survivors groups, but the differences between the two groups after 24 and 48 hours were statistically significant. There was no difference in the number of SIRS criteria. The 24-hour procalcitonin clearance proved to be significantly higher in the group of survivors (-3.0 versus -300.0, p = 0.028). Although the 48-hour procalcitonin clearance has shown to be higher in the group of survivors when compared to non-survivors, the difference did not reach statistical significance. CONCLUSION: Persistently high procalcitonin concentrations in plasma, as well as reduced 24-hours PCT clearence, were associated with a significant increase in mortality in patients with severe sepsis and septic shock.
Revista do Colégio Brasileiro de Cirurgiões 12/2012; 39(6):456-461.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: To study the intraperitoneal use of polyester with collagen and polytetrafluoroethylene meshes in the correction of total ventral wall defects in rats.
Thirty two rats were evaluated and divided randomly into four groups and underwent laparotomy and preparation of total defects of the abdominal wall. Next, the correction of the defect with the intraperitoneal placement of the chosen mesh was performed. The rats were submitted to euthanasia at 30 and 90 days after surgery. Were analyzed the macroscopic adhesions and microscopic aspects, and applied stress rupture test
All animals showed intraperitoneal adhesions in varying degrees, with no statistical significance difference. There was no difference also between groups in the evaluation of stress rupture tests. On the microscopic aspect, the A30 group had less inflammatory reaction and less formation of granulomas and foreign body reaction that the B30 group, with significant difference.
There was no difference in intraperitoneal adhesion and tensile rupture strength among groups. Group B30 presented granulomatous inflammatory reaction at the site of mesh attachment to the wall significantly higher than the A30.
Acta cirurgica brasileira / Sociedade Brasileira para Desenvolvimento Pesquisa em Cirurgia 07/2012; 27(7):454-9. · 0.48 Impact Factor
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: To evaluate the immunoexpression of estrogen and progesterone receptors in biopsies and surgical specimens of patients with breast cancer before and after neoadjuvant chemotherapy and to correlate their changes with the pattern of response to chemotherapy and diagnosis of menopause.
We selected 47 patients with histological diagnosis of locally advanced primary breast carcinoma. For each patient there were two blocks: the biopsy specimen and surgical resection one. From these blocks hormone receptor expression was assessed by immunohistochemistry using the technique of streptoavidin-biotin-immunoperoxidase and anti-ER and anti-PR primary antibodies. The statistical analysis used the Student's t test and the nonparametric Fisher's exact test, with significance level of 5%.
Of the 47 patients, 30 showed positive immunostaining for hormone receptors. There was significant reduction in the levels of both estrogen and progesterone receptors and in their immunoreactivity. In 53.3% we observed changes in levels of estrogen receptor expression, 56.6% in the progesterone receptor, 26.6% in the immunoexpression of estrogen receptor immunoreactivity and 33.3% in the immunoreactivity of the progesterone receptor. There was no statistical correlation between the influence of the response to chemotherapy and the diagnosis of menopause in women with variation in the expression of hormone receptors.
Neoadjuvant chemotherapy has significantly altered hormone receptor immunoreactivity in patients in the sample, reducing its positivity in tumor cells.
Revista do Colégio Brasileiro de Cirurgiões 04/2012; 39(2):86-92.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: To evaluate the healing process of a defect in the ventral abdominal wall of rats, comparing the polypropylene and polypropylene/poliglecaprone meshes on the 30(th) and 60(th) postoperative day.
Thirty two Wistar rats were submitted to a ventral abdominal wall defect, with integrity of the parietal peritoneum. In the repair, were used polypropylene (group A) and polypropylene/poliglecaprone (group B) meshes. The groups were subdivided into four subgroups of eight animals euthanized on the 30(th) (A30 and B30) and 60(th) postoperative day (A60 and B60). Fragments of the abdominal wall of the animals were submitted to macroscopic, tensiometric and histological evaluations.
The tensiometry on subgroup A30 showed a mean average break point of 0.78 MPa and in A60, 0.66 Mpa. In subgroup B30 it was 0.84 MPa and in B60, 1.27 Mpa. The score of the inflammatory process showed subacute phase on A30 and B30 sub-groups and chronic inflammatory process in subgroups A30 and 60B.
The tensile strength was higher on the wall repaired by polypropylene/poliglecaprone mesh in the 60(th) post-operative day. Histology showed higher concentration of fibrosis on the surface of the polypropylene mesh with a tendency to encapsulation. In polypropylene/poliglecaprone subgroups the histology showed higher concentration of fibrosis on the surface of mesh filaments.
Acta cirurgica brasileira / Sociedade Brasileira para Desenvolvimento Pesquisa em Cirurgia 04/2012; 27(4):300-5. · 0.48 Impact Factor
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: To evaluate the intima-media thickness of the common carotid artery in patients with and without scleroderma; to verify a possible association with disease severity; to assess the relationship of intima-media thickness with known cardiovascular risk factors.
In a case-control study, were selected 30 patients with scleroderma and 30 without the disease and matched according to age, sex and cardiovascular risk factors such as hypertension, diabetes mellitus and hypercholesterolemia. The age ranged from 17 to 79 years (mean 49). All patients underwent carotid artery evaluation by high-resolution vascular Doppler in order to measure the intima-medial thickness of the carotid 2 cm from the bifurcation. In all the analysis was considered the greatest value of intima-media thickness in right and left carotid arteries.
The sample consisted of 30 patients, being 29 (96.67%) women and one man (3.3%). In this sample, 11/30 (36.67%) had high blood pressure, 5/30 (16.67%) had diabetes mellitus, 6/30 (20%) had dyslipidemia and 2/30 (6.67%) were smokers. Comparing the measure of the increased risk (maximum intima-media thickness between the left and right side), was obtained an average of 0.77 mm for group scleroderma and a value of 0.70 mm for the control group (p = 0.21). In assessing the association between disease severity and carotid intima-media thickness, was found no significant association (p= 0.925).
Was found a slight increase in intima-medial thickness of common carotid artery in patients with scleroderma but without statistical significance. Regarding the severity of the disease and intima-medial thickness of common carotid artery, there was no significant difference.
Revista do Colégio Brasileiro de Cirurgiões 01/2012; 39(1):10-5.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: RACIONAL: O fígado adulto normal é quiescente e apenas uma pequena porcentagem das suas células é submetida à divisão celular em qualquer tempo, mas pode rapidamente iniciar a proliferação celular em resposta a um estímulo. Este processo pode ser desencadeado através da hepatectomia parcial. OBJETIVOS: Avaliar o efeito da hipertensão portal provocada pela oclusão parcial da drenagem venosa hepática sobre a regeneração do fígado remanescente de ratos submetidos à hepatectomia parcial. MÉTODOS: Foram realizadas hepatectomias a dois terços em 50 ratos Wistar machos adultos. Os animais foram divididos em cinco grupos: um grupo controle e quatro grupos de estudo que foram submetidos a diferentes graus de plicatura da veia cava inferior supra-hepática. Após 240 horas do estímulo para regeneração realizou-se nova laparotomia com aferição das pressões portal e de veia cava inferior, além de biópsia hepática. Analisaram-se os fragmentos por imunoistoquímica para os marcadores Ki-67 e fator de von Willebrand. A deposição de colágeno foi avaliada pela coloração tricrômico de Masson e a função hepática através de marcadores sorológicos. RESULTADOS: A proliferação celular nos animais submetidos à hepatectomia parcial e hipertensão portal de diversos graus persistiu mais elevada quando comparada ao grupo controle. O índice de proliferação para Ki-67 estava mais elevado nos grupos submetidos à elevação da pressão portal. A expressão do fator de von Willebrand estava acentuadamente elevada após a hepatectomia parcial nos grupos com maior grau de hipertensão portal. Houve pouco depósito de colágeno no tecido hepático nos animais dos quatro grupos com plicatura parcial da veia cava inferior supra-hepática, porém a deposição foi mais intensa nos grupos com níveis de pressão portal menores. CONCLUSÕES: Ratos submetidos à hepatectomia parcial a 70% e hipertensão portal, após 240 horas, apresentam: 1. atraso no processo regenerativo diretamente proporcional aos níveis pressóricos no sistema porta; 2. após dez dias, persiste a proliferação de hepatócitos proporcionalmente mais intensa quanto maior a elevação da pressão no sistema porta, porém níveis extremos de pressão portal inibem a proliferação, e, no estímulo para regeneração do fígado, demonstrou-se atraso da angiogênese influenciado pelos valores de pressão portal; 3. hipertensão portal extrema promove elevação da expressão de fator VIII, o que sugere capilarização dos sinusóides; 4. quanto mais elevados os níveis de pressão portal, menor será a quantidade de colágeno depositada, podendo-se inferir que o aumento da pressão portal ocasiona atraso na restauração da matriz extracelular; 5. a análise da função hepática evidenciou que a hepatectomia parcial a 70%, após dez dias, não interferiu com a fisiologia hepática, a qual permaneceu dentro dos limites da normalidade, mas com a hipertensão portal pode haver comprometimento funcional do fígado remanescente durante o processo regenerativo.
ABCD. Arquivos Brasileiros de Cirurgia Digestiva (São Paulo). 06/2011; 24(2):144-151.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: To describe quantitative cytophotometric expression of the marker caspase-3 in colloid goiter and in papillary carcinoma of the thyroid, comparing the immunoexpression between them.
An immunohistochemistry study has been made on the protein caspase-3 in 17 of paraffin blocks of papillary carcinoma of the thyroid and 20 cases of colloid goiter, using SAMBA 4000 ® (System of Microscopic Analysis of Automatic Search), aiming analysis of the two variables: marker index and optical density.
Statistic analysis indicated a significant difference for marker index between colloid goiter and papillary carcinoma, being this difference larger in the carcinoma. Significant difference in optical density hasn't been found. For colloid goiter, the estimated correlation coefficient between the marker index and optical density was 0,72, indicating the rejection of the null hypothesis (p <0,001), affirming that positive and significant association exists between them. For the papillary carcinoma of the thyroid, the same correlation was 0,34 and so, it is not possible to affirm that there's an association between them.
For colloid goiter there is a positive and significant association between the two variables - marker index and optical density -, while for the papillary carcinoma, this is not proved. The quantitative analysis for caspase-3 demonstrates that apoptosis is larger in the papillary carcinoma of the thyroid than in colloid goiter.
Revista do Colégio Brasileiro de Cirurgiões 10/2010; 37(5):316-22.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND: The use of surgical meshes for the repair of abdominal wall defects has been increasing its share in surgeries worldwide. AIM: To study two different surgical meshes (Proceed® and Ultrapro®) on the healing of defects produced in abdominal wall of rats evaluating the macroscopic, microscopic and tensiometric parameters. METHOD: Thirty two Wistar rats were divided into two groups of 16 animals and four groups of eight animals euthanized within 15 and 30 days for evaluation. The macroscopic variables were: the presence of hematoma at the edges of the sutures of the surgical mesh in the abdominal wall; the knitting of the surgical mesh and the edge of the wound; presence of infection at the surgical site; presence of viscera fistulas on the surgical mesh; presence of adhesions in the abdominal cavity; presence of incisional hernia. During microscopy the stages of the inflammatory process of healing where evaluated, and tensiometry evaluated the tensile force required to rupture the material. RESULTS: The knitting of the mesh and the edge of the surgical wound was better in the 15 days Ultrapro subgroup than in the 15 days Proceed subgroup; within 30 days the knitting was similar in both subgroups. There was no significant difference for the variable of macroscopy. Both groups in both periods had the same proportion of cases with chronic inflammation, but there were higher scores of inflammation in the 15 days Ultrapro subgroup than the 30 days Ultrapro subgroup. The subgroup 15 days Ultrapro showed greater rupture strength than the subgroup 15 days Proceed, but in 30 days there were no difference. Ultrapro showed equal rupture strength in both periods, but 30 days Proceed showed greater rupture strength than 15 days Proceed. CONCLUSION: The meshes are similar in variables.
ABCD. Arquivos Brasileiros de Cirurgia Digestiva (São Paulo). 06/2010; 23(2):94-99.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: To evaluate the development of Walker 256 tumor in male Wistar rats treated with tacrolimus using an experimental kidney tumor model.
40 male Wistar rats were divided into four groups: Tumor group (TU) (n=10), Tacrolimus-Tumor group (TT) (n=10), Tacrolimus group (TC) (n=10) and Control group (C) (n=10). Treatment with tacrolimus was performed in groups TT and TC. Under anesthesia, the right kidney of each animal of TU and TT was accessed through a supraumbilical incision and inoculated with a 0.1 mL solution containing 2 x 10(6) tumor cells (Walker 256 carcinosarcoma tumor cells). Group TC was treated with a saline solution. All the animals of groups TC and TT were treated with tacrolimus (5mg/kg/day) by gavage for 15 days. TU group animals received saline by gavage for 15 days. On the 15th postoperative day, all animals were submitted to euthanasia and blood sampling for analysis of serum creatinine (Cr) and blood urea nitrogen (BUN). Abdominal gross examination was performed, the right kidney removed and prepared for histological analysis by hematoxylin-eosin staining. The resulting data were submitted to statistical analysis by ANOVA.
Statistical significance was found when comparing creatinine level between groups TU, TT and TC -TT group culminated with a marked increased in creatinine levels (Cr=1.013 + or - 0.3028 mg/mL), TU group (Cr=0.5670 + or - 0.03536 mg/dL) P=0.00256, TC group (Cr =0.711 + or - 0.1653 mg/mL) P= 0.02832. Statistical significance was found when comparing BUN levels in TT group (71.32 + or - 17.14 mg/mL), compared with TU group (45.83 + or - 5.046 mg/dL), P=0.000318. There were no statistically significant differences between groups TT and TC (61.23 + or - 9.503 mg/mL) P=0.7242. Histological analysis showed a poor evolution in TT group with multiple foci of hemorrhage and cortical invasion by the Walker tumor.
The Tacrolimus-treated group developed a more aggressive tumor and a drug-related nephrotoxic effect.
Acta cirurgica brasileira / Sociedade Brasileira para Desenvolvimento Pesquisa em Cirurgia 02/2010; 25(1):98-104. · 0.48 Impact Factor
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: To evaluate swine vocal fold healing in a period of 30 days after topical mitomycin-C application.
Twelve swine underwent exeresis of mucosal flaps from the free edge of the anterior third of both vocal folds with a cold instrument (laryngeal scissors). The animals were divided into two groups: EG (Experimental Group), consisting of 6 animals undergoing topical MMC application (4 mg/dL) on the operated area for 4 minutes; CG (Control Group), 6 animals undergoing topical saline solution application on the operated area for 4 minutes. After 30 days, the animals were sacrificed and the larynges were collected and examined for the presence of synechiae as well as a histological immunohistochemical assessment of immature and mature collagen deposition, number of blood vessels and myofibroblasts.
Mature collagen deposition in the EG was 452.12 microm(2) and 1332.31 microm(2) in the CG; immature collagen deposition was 1511.73 microm(2) in the EG and 1020.61 microm(2) in the CG. The number of myofibroblasts was 1.556 in the EG and 3.583 in the CG. The number of blood vessels was 2.565 in EG and 6.917 in the CG. There were no synechiae in the two studied groups.
There was an increase in immature collagen deposition in the experimental group when compared with the control group. There was a decrease in mature collagen deposition in the experimental group when compared with the control group. There was a decrease in the number of myofibroblasts in the experimental group when compared with the control group. A decrease in blood vessels was observed in the experimental group when compared with the control group. There was no synechia formation in either studied group.
Acta cirurgica brasileira / Sociedade Brasileira para Desenvolvimento Pesquisa em Cirurgia 02/2010; 25(1):80-5. · 0.48 Impact Factor
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: To quantify the percentage of immunostaining through the labeling index as well as the optical density of Ki-67 and CD34 in prostate adenocarcinoma and compare the results between markers.
Markers Ki-67 and CD34 were studied using immunohistochemistry in 34 cases of prostate adenocarcinoma from radical prostatectomies performed at the Hospital Regional do Gama in Brasilia, Brazil from 2000 through 2005. Those markers were quantified using the SAMBA 4000 software - Automated Scanning Microscopic Analysis System - and the IMMUNO software in the analysis of the variables labeling index and optical density. Spearman's correlation coefficient was estimated in order to evaluate the association between the expression levels of the markers. For the comparison of lesion types, Student's paired t-test and the nonparametric Wilcoxon test were used.
Of the 34 blocks referred for the study of the tumor markers, 15 were positive for Ki-67, 34 showed CD34 expression, and 14 were positive for both markers. The median value for the labeling index of CD34 was 72.72%; the minimum was 5.14% and the maximum, 88.81%. The median for the Ki-67 labeling index was 73.78%, while the minimum was 16.87%, and the maximum, 87.47%. The median value for the optical density of CD34 was 48.33, the minimum was 35.65 and the maximum, 85.86. For the optical density of Ki-67, the median was 40.03, while the minimum and maximum values were 21.53 and 52.43, respectively.
The cytophotometric expression of Ki-67 had a mean labeling index of 64.04%, and the mean CD34 labeling index was 61.64%. The cytophotometric expression of the mean optical density of Ki-67 was 39.49, while for CD34 it was 53.69. There was a significant difference between Ki-67 and CD34 immunostaining with respect to optical density (P=0.025); no significant difference occurred regarding labeling index (P=0.470).
Revista do Colégio Brasileiro de Cirurgiões 12/2009; 36(6):498-503.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: PURPOSE: To compare the capsular reaction to two different coverings of silicone prosthesis through the biophysical characteristic of adherence and microscopical aspects of the inflammatory reaction and collagen formation. METHODS: Thirty two Wistar rats were used. In the dorsum of each animal a silicone elastomer with a smooth superficies and another coated with texturized silicone (Mentor) was implanted. Another one, with the same smooth superficies and other coated with silicone foam (Lifesil), making up in each side, of the dorsum, the texturized and silicone foam group respectively. The animals were split into four groups to be evaluated at 7, 14, 30 and 60 days. On the evaluation dates the implant adherence was verified witch a tensiometer and the values in kgf were obtained. The material was sent to histological analysis with hematoxilin-eosin and picrosirius colorations, to evaluate the inflammatory reaction and collagen synthesis, respectively. The obtained data were submitted to statistical treatment. RESULTS: There was more adherence of the tissue to the silicone foam (P<0,001). The inflammatory reaction was more intense in the same group, but without statistical significance. The number of giant cells and granulomas were more frequent in the silicone foam group. There was statistical significance at the 60 days for granulomas (P<0,028) and for all subgroups about number of giant cells (P< 0,012 to P<0,036). The thickness of the capsule in the silicone foam group was bigger, with statistical significance at seven days (P<0,028) and 60 days (P<0,012). The collagen deposition showed no difference in statistical analysis. CONCLUSION: The capsular reaction to the silicone foam showed stronger adherence, bigger thickness and had more number of granulomas and giant cells. No difference was observed in the intensity of inflammatory reaction in relation to type I and III collagen, when compared to the texturized cover.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Describe, correlate and compare the expression of the tumor markers CD 34 (angiogenesis) and caspase-3 (apoptosis) in invasive breast adenocarcinoma, through image cytometry with the system SAMBA4000.
Twenty-two cases of invasive breast adenocarcinoma from paraffin-embedded archival tissue, and after specific prepare, fifteen cases presented a satisfactory lecture with SAMBA4000 and could, finally, be evaluated by the software IMMUNO(R) (n = 15). The parameters analysed were the label index - in percentage, indicating the marked surface - and the optical density, in pixels - indicator of the marker intensity. The results were tabulated and expressed in averages, mediums, minimum and maximum values. The statistic analysis was realized by the Shapiro-Wilkins, Student test, Pearson's and Spearman's correlation, with statistic significance for values from p < 0,05.
There was no data normality for the label index CD34 (p= 0,019), there was normality in the analysis of the optical density of both markers and label index of the marker Caspase-3. There was no difference relating to the average of the index marker and the optical density when they were compared.
There was a tendency to correlate the label index and the optical density of the tumor marker caspase-3, the same did not occur with the tumor marker CD 34. Other analysis did not show any correlation between the two studied markers. Other studies involving theses two cell processes are needed to extend the knowledge of the cancer biomolecular mechanic and to permit new diagnostic and therapeutic strategies.
Revista do Colégio Brasileiro de Cirurgiões 10/2009; 36(5):406-12.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: 1. To evaluate the percentage of caspase-3 and CD-34 expression on adenocarcinoma; 2. to quantify caspase-3 and CD-34 in tumor cells; 3. to verify the relationship between biomarkers and its malignancy; 4. to correlate biomarkers themselves.
Thirty-eight human malignant prostate specimens, Gleason's score, were immunohistochemically stained for caspase-3 and CD-34 protein. Quantification was done under Samba 4000 Immuno System reading, yielding two variables: label index and optical density. Statistical analyses were based on cross-methods involving univariate and bivariate as well as correlation factors among independent variables.
Immunostaining was revealed in 25 plates for caspase-3 and 34 for CD-34. Caspase-3 expression for label index was over 50 in 76%, while for optical density was below 50 in 96%. CD-34 expression demonstrated label index over 50 in 59% and optical density below 50 in 56%. Correlation among expression and severity did not demonstrate to be statistically significant. There was no correlation between protein expression and Gleason's score.
1. Caspase-3 and CD-34 were present respectively in 73.5% and 100% of samples; 2. caspase-3 and CD-34 showed high expression regarding label index and low expression in optical density; 3. there was no statistical significance among expressions and tumor severity according to Gleason's score; 4. no significant correlation could be set between the biomarkers themselves.
Revista do Colégio Brasileiro de Cirurgiões 07/2009; 36(3):223-9.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: To compare the clinical and histological outcomes of the repair of induced abdominal wall defects with Parietex and Optilene Mesh Elastic + Safil in direct contact with abdominal viscera (intraperitoneal position, IPOM).
Sixteen rabbits were allocated into two groups with 8 animals each, corresponding to evaluation on the 30th and 60th postoperative days. All animals were submitted to two standardized symmetric abdominal wall defects, comprising all muscular layers and the peritoneum, followed by repair through the intraperitoneal placement of two different meshes. The experimental design allowed each animal to be its own control. Macroscopic aspects evaluated were: surgical site infection, mesh erosion, suture insufficiency, fistulae, intra-abdominal infection and adhesion formation. Microscopic parameters analyzed consisted of collagen deposition and the immunohistochemical healing process.
The formation of intraperitoneal adhesions and the other macroscopic outcome measures evaluated did not present significant statistical differences between the two meshes, neither did type I and III collagen deposition and MMP-1 and MMP-8 antibody expression. MMP-13 antibody exhibited significantly higher expression on the 30th postoperative day with Optilene+Safil and on the 60th day with Parietex.
Due to the similar results obtained, both macroscopically and microscopically, the meshes can be considered equivalent with respect to the healing of surgical wounds in abdominal wall defects in rabbits.
Revista do Colégio Brasileiro de Cirurgiões 07/2009; 36(3):241-9.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: To compare the cytophotometric quantitative expression of Ki-67 cellular proliferation factor in the colloid goiter with papillary carcinoma of the thyroid.
The protein Ki-67 was studied with immunohistochemistry in 20 cases of papillary carcinoma of the thyroid and 12 cases of colloid goiter. The immunomarked cell nuclei were quantified through the software SAMBA 4000 and analyzed by software IMMUNO, considering variables index marker and optical density. The coefficient of the Spearman rank correlation and the non-parametric test of Mann-Whitney were estimated.
There is significant difference between the goiter colloid and the papillary carcinoma of the thyroid in Ki-67 measurements, being bigger in papillary carcinomas. No difference was found in optical density. The correlation coefficient between the index marker and the optic density was 0,78. In colloid goiter, there was positive and significant association between the index marker and the optic density. For the papillary carcinoma of the thyroid the correlation between index marker and optic density was 0,18 (p = 0,572). There was no association between the index marker and the optic density in the carcinoma papillary of the thyroid.
The cytophotometric expression of the Ki-67 showed higher cellular proliferation in the papillary carcinoma of the thyroid in comparison with in the colloid goiter.
Revista do Colégio Brasileiro de Cirurgiões 04/2009; 36(2):105-9.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: To analyze by cytophotometry study the expression of CD-34 angiogenesis and caspase-3 apoptosis markers in the esophagus squamous cell carcinoma and to correlate markers themselves.
Twenty-nine esophageal squamous cell carcinoma specimens were submitted to immunohystochemical analysis, based on label index of CD-34 and caspase-3 antibodies, using cytophotometry computer system. Variables considered in the correlation analysis were biomarkers expression quantification, patient age, lesion size, and TNM classification system.
Index label median value for CD-34 was 72,6% and for caspase-3 represented 96,5%. Statistical significant correlation was not demonstrated between the respective biomarkers and lesion size (p=0,96) or patient age (p=0,95). There was a slightly tendency to a positive correlation between CD-34 index label and TNM classification system (p=0,11). Although presenting a higher index label than CD-34 marker (p=0,007), caspase-3 did not show any relationship with the studied variables (p>0,19). The correlation between CD-34 and caspase-3 presented a small positive tendency (r=0,09 and p=0,65).
Both studied biomarkers showed good expression in esophageal squamous cell carcinoma, whereas CD-34 marker presented lower expression than caspase-3 in this specific tumor. The respective biomarkers do not demonstrate any correlation between themselves.
Revista do Colégio Brasileiro de Cirurgiões 02/2009; 36(1):35-41.