Myun-Ho Bang

Kyung Hee University, Sŏul, Seoul, South Korea

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Publications (41)48.61 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: This study was undertaken to investigate the anti-arthritic potential of a standardized ethyl acetate fraction from the roots of Brassica rapa (EABR) and to explore the molecular mechanisms in adjuvant-induced arthritic rats and macrophages. In AIA-induced arthritic rats, EABR significantly reduced paw swelling, an arthritic index, serum rheumatoid factor, and tissue expression ratio of RANKL/OPG versus vehicle-administered group. This was found to be well correlated with significant suppressions in productions of PGE2, NO, and pro-inflammatory cytokines and in activations of NF-κB in AIA-induced paw tissues and LPS-induced macrophages. EABR attenuated NF-κB activation by reducing the nuclear translocation and phosphorylation of the p65 NF-κB, which were accompanied by parallel reductions in the degradation and phosphorylation of IκBα after blocking the phosphorylationmediated IKK activation. The findings suggest EABR exerts its anti-arthritic and anti-inflammatory properties via NF-κB inactivation in vitro and in vivo, and that EABR is a potential therapeutic for the treatment of arthritis and inflammation-associated disorders.
    Food and chemical toxicology: an international journal published for the British Industrial Biological Research Association 01/2014; · 2.99 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: This study was initiated to search for the most effective method for extraction of anthocyanins from Morus alba Fruits using organic acids and to evaluate the stability of the pigments at various storage environments. The anthocyanins were effectively extracted by addition of organic acids such as citric acid, malic acid and fumaric acid. The anthocyanins were not degraded at and under a fluorescent light with 183 lux, but sharply degraded at .
    Journal of Applied Biological Chemistry 01/2014; 57(1).
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    ABSTRACT: Nine phenolic compounds, phloracetophenone-4-O-β-d-glucopyranoside (1), p-hydroxybenzoic acid-4-O-β-d-glucopyranoside (2), leonuriside A (3), 3-methoxy-4-hydroxyphenol-1-O-β-d-glucopyranoside (4), cis-p-coumaric acid-4-O-β-d-glucopyranoside (5), trans-p-coumaric acid-4-O-β-d-glucopyranoside (6), trans-p-coumaric acid-9-O-β-d-glucopyranoside (7), (-)-shikimic acid (8) and (-)-methyl shikimate (9), were isolated for the first time from the fruits of Rhus parviflora. Compounds 1, 3-6 and 8 inhibited lipopolysaccharide-stimulated nitric oxide (NO) production and inducible NO synthase expression in RAW 264.7 macrophages with IC50 values of 9.24 ± 1.20, 21.37 ± 2.02, 23.07 ± 1.58, 9.86 ± 0.98, 19.05 ± 1.66 and 11.3 ± 1.54 μM, respectively. The results indicated possible use of compounds for the treatment of inflammatory diseases.
    Natural product research 07/2013; · 1.01 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Brassica rapa ssp. campestris (Brassicaceae) is a conical, deep purple, edible root vegetable commonly known as a turnip. We initiated phytochemical and pharmacological studies to search for biological active compounds from the roots of B. rapa ssp. campestris. We isolated a novel phenanthrene derivative, 6-methoxy-1-[10-methoxy-7-(3-methylbut-2-enyl)phenanthren-3-yl]undecane-2,4-dione, named brassicaphenanthrene A (3) along with two known diarylheptanoid compounds, 6-paradol (1) and trans-6-shogaol (2), through the repeated silica gel (SiO(2)), octadecyl silica gel, and Sephadex LH-20 column chromatography. The chemical structures of the compounds were determined by spectroscopic data analyses including nuclear magnetic resonance, mass spectrometry, ultraviolet spectroscopy, and infra-red spectroscopy. All compounds exhibited high inhibitory activity against the growth of human cancer lines, HCT-116, MCF-7, and HeLa, with IC(50) values ranging from 15.0 to 35.0 μM and against LDL-oxidation with IC(50) values ranging from 2.9 to 7.1 μM.
    Archives of Pharmacal Research 02/2013; · 1.54 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: A new benzyl α-D-fructofuranoside (3), along with six known phenol compounds, benzyl-β-D-glucopyranoside (1), dihydrosyringin (2), syringin (4), triandrin (5), phillyrin (6), and neoolivil-4-O-β-D-glucopyranoside (7), was isolated from the roots of Brassica rapa ssp. campestris L. for the first time. The structures of the compounds were established on the basis of NMR, MS, and IR spectroscopic data.
    Chemistry of Natural Compounds 01/2013; 49(5). · 0.60 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The quality of fermented dropwort extract (FDE) and fermented dropwort vinegar (FDV) was assessed for free sugar, organic acid and free and total amino acid content. Major organic acids were lactic acid in FDE and acetic acid in FDV. Free sugars in FDE were fructose and glucose, and those in FDV were fructose, sucrose, and maltose. Aspartic acid was the major free amino acid in both FDE and FDV. Additionally, the main free amino acids in FDE were alanine and -amino-n-butyric acid (GABA), while those in FDV were arginine and valine. Moreover, to investigate the protective effects of FDE and FDV against oxidative stress induced by t-BHP and , C6 cells were treated with FDE or FDV prior to inducing the oxidative damage. FDE and FDV inhibited cell death significantly in a dose-dependent manner. These data imply that FDE and FDV may be effective in neuronal cell protection against oxidative damage.
    Korean Journal of Food Science and Technology. 01/2013; 45(3).
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    ABSTRACT: It has been reported that fucosterol has anti-diabetic, anti-oxidant, and anti-osteoporotic effects. We investigated the anti-inflammatory effects and the underlying molecular mechanism of fucosterol in lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced RAW 264.7 macrophages. Fucosterol suppressed the expressions of inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS), tumour necrosis factor-α (TNF-α), and interleukin-6 (IL-6) by downregulating their transcriptions, and subsequently inhibited the productions of nitric oxide, TNF-α, and IL-6. In addition, fucosterol attenuated LPS-induced DNA binding and the transcriptional activity of nuclear factor-κB (NF-κB). These reductions were accompanied by parallel reductions in the phosphorylation and nuclear translocation of NF-κB. Furthermore, fucosterol attenuated the phosphorylations of mitogen-activated protein kinase kinases 3/6 (MKK3/6) and mitogen-activated protein kinase-activated protein kinase 2 (MK2), which are both involved in the p38 MAPK pathway. These results suggest that the anti-inflammatory effects of fucosterol are associated with the suppression of the NF-κB and p38 MAPK pathways.
    Food Chemistry 12/2012; 135(3):967-75. · 3.33 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: A phytosterol derivative, 3-O-β-d-glucopyanosylspinasterol (spinasterol-Glc) isolated from leaves of Stewartia koreana was reported to inhibit LPS-induced cytokine production in macrophage cells. Thymus and activation regulated chemokine (TARC/CCL17) is produced in response to pro-inflammatory cytokines in keratinocytes, which is implicated in the development of inflammatory skin diseases. In present study, we investigated the effect of spinasterol-Glc on production of TARC/CCL17 induced by TNF-α and IFN-γ in human HaCaT keratinocytes. Spinasterol-Glc inhibited the mRNA and protein expression of TARC/CCL17 induced by TNF-α/IFN-γ in a dose-dependent manner. Inhibitors of c-Raf-1, p38 MAPK, and JAK2, suppressed the TNF-α/IFN-γ-induced production of TARC/CCL17, and phosphorylation of these signaling molecules were attenuated by spinasterol-Glc. The compound also inhibited phosphorylation of IKKα/β and IκB-α, and reduced translocation of NF-κB to the nucleus. We demonstrated that spinasterol-Glc suppressed the NF-κB-driven and the GAS-driven expression of luciferase reporter gene induced by TNF-α and IFN-γ. In addition, spinasterol-Glc inhibited the DNA binding of NF-κB and STAT1 to its cognate binding site. These results suggest that spinasterol-Glc has effective inhibitory effects on production of TARC/CCL17 in keratinocytes via inhibition of NF-κB as well as STAT activation, and could be utilized for development of a potential therapeutic agent against skin inflammatory diseases.
    Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications 08/2012; 427(2):236-41. · 2.28 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Extracts from the leaves of Stewartia koreana are known to exhibit strong anti-inflammatory activity. Investigation of bioactive compounds from S. koreana has led to the isolation of 3-O-β-d-glucopyanosylspinasterol (spinasterol-Glc), a spinasterol glycoside. In the present study, we examined the effects of spinasterol-Glc on production of nitric oxide (NO) and proinflammatory cytokines in LPS-treated RAW264.7 macrophage cells and in mouse models. Our results showed that spinasterol-Glc inhibited the production of NO and proinflammatory cytokines such as TNF-α, IL-6 and IL-1β in dose-dependent manners in LPS-treated RAW264.7 cells. Spinasterol-Glc inhibited the expression of iNOS and the proinflammatory cytokine genes. Spinasterol-Glc also inhibited phosphorylation of IκB-α and IKKα/β as well as translocation of NF-κB to the nucleus. We demonstrated that spinasterol-Glc reduced transcription of the NF-κB minimal promoter and NF-κB DNA binding activity. Administration of the spinasterol-Glc significantly decreased the plasma levels of these inflammatory mediators including TNF-α, IL-6 and IL-1β in LPS-injected mice and improved survival of septic mice with lethal endotoxemia. These results suggest that spinasterol-Glc has effective inhibitory effects on production of inflammatory mediators via inhibition of MAP kinases/NF-κB activities, and can be used as a potential anti-inflammatory agent for the prevention and treatment of inflammatory diseases.
    International immunopharmacology 05/2012; 13(3):264-70. · 2.21 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Actinidia polygama Max. was subjected to supercritical fluid extraction (SFE), and the resulting ethanol extract of marc (SFEM) was subjected to sequential fractionation with various solvents. Each extract and fraction was assayed for anti-inflammatory effect. The ethyl acetate fraction (EtOAc) contained the highest level (70.8% inhibition) of anti-inflammatory activity. In order to identify the active constituents, the EtOAc fraction was further fractionated by silica gel and ODS column chromatography. By activity-guided fractionation, an active ceramide was identified as the anti-inflammatory component, and its structure was determined by NMR and MS analysis. The novel ceramide was named actinidiamide, and was found significantly to inhibit nitric oxide (NO) production (30.6% inhibition at 1 µg/mL) in lipopolysaccaride (LPS)-stimulated RAW 264.7 cells and β-hexosaminidase release (91.8% inhibition at 1 µg/mL) in IgE-sensitized RBL-2H3 cells. Thus the presence of actinidiamide conveys allergy and inflammation treatment ability to A. polygama.
    Bioscience Biotechnology and Biochemistry 02/2012; 76(2):289-93. · 1.27 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Chrysoeriol-7-O-β-d-glucopyranoside (1), luteolin-7-O-β-d-glucopyranoside (2), quercetin-3-O-β-d-glucopyranoside (3), quercetin-3-O-β-d-galactopyranoside (4), and quercetin-3-O-α-l-rhamnopyranoside (5) were isolated for the first time from the fruits of Rhus parviflora. The chemical structures of the compounds were determined using nuclear magnetic resonance, fast atom bombardment mass spectrometry, and infrared spectroscopy. Compound 4 (hyperin) inhibited cyclin dependent kinases (CDK2 and CDK5) in vitro with IC50 values of 21.02 and 10.28 μM, respectively.
    Journal of the Korean Society for Applied Biological Chemistry 01/2012; 55(5):689-693. · 0.43 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: A new lignan, (7R,7'R,8R,8'R)-8-hydroxypinoresinol 8-O-β-D-glucopyranoside 4'-methyl ether (7), was isolated from the flowers of Osmanthus fragrans var. aurantiacus along with six known lignans: (+)-phillygenin (1), phillyrin (2), (-)-phillygenin (3), (-)-epipinoresinol-β-D-glucoside (4), taxiresinol (5), and (-)-olivil (6). The structure of the new compound was elucidated on the basis of 1D- and 2D-NMR spectroscopic analysis and specific rotation data. The compounds isolated from the flowers of O. fragrans var. aurantiacus were evaluated for inhibitory activities on nitric oxide production in lipopolysaccharide-stimulated macrophage RAW 264.7 cells. (+)-Phillygenin (1), phillyrin (2), and (-)-phillygenin (3) exerted the strongest inhibitory activities on NO production with IC(50) values of 25.5, 18.9, and 25.5 μM, respectively. These compounds may prove beneficial in the development of natural agents for prevention and treatment of inflammatory diseases.
    Archives of Pharmacal Research 12/2011; 34(12):2029-35. · 1.54 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The silkworm (Bombyx mori L.) droppings were extracted with 80% aqueous MeOH, and the concentrated extract was partitioned in succession with EtOAc, n-BuOH, and H(2)O. From the EtOAc fraction, five megastigmane sesquiterpenes were isolated through repeated silica gel and ODS column chromatography. According to the results of spectroscopic data, such as NMR, MS, and IR, the chemical structures of the isolated compounds were determined as (3S,5R,8R)-3,5-dihydroxymegastigma-6,7-dien-9-one (1), (S)-dehydrovomifoliol (2), (6R,7E,9R) -9-hydroxy-4,7-megastigmadien-3-one (3), (3S,5R,6S,7E)-3,5,6-trihydroxy-7-megastigmen-9-one (4), (6R,9R)-9-hydroxy-4-megastigmen-3-one (5). Compounds 2 through 5 were isolated for the first time from silkworm droppings. GC/MS analysis indicated silkworm powder contained compound 3, and mulberry leaves contained compound 4. Compounds 1 and 5 increased the expression of heme oxygenase-1 and SIRT1 in HepG2 and HEK239 cells, respectively. Heme oxygenase-1 is considered to be an antioxidant enzyme that catabolizes heme to carbon monoxide, free iron and biliverdin, while SIRT1 is the mammalian homologue of the yeast silent information regulator (Sir)-2, which are involved in the suppression of inflammatory mediators or factors that may be used to improve atopy-related symptoms.
    Archives of Pharmacal Research 04/2011; 34(4):533-42. · 1.54 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Samples of the edible seaweed, sea mustard (Undaria pinnatifida) were extracted with 80% aqueous methanol, and the concentrated extract was partitioned with ethyl acetate, n-butanol, and water, successively. Isolated fucosterol (1) from the ethyl acetate layers using repeated silica gel and octadecyl silica gel (C18, ODS-A) column chromatography and identified it using spectroscopic data including NMR, MS, and infrared spectroscopy (IR). Osteoclasts are specialized multinucleated cells with bone resorbing activity. The induction of c-Fos and NFATc1 transcription factors by receptor activator of nuclear factor κB ligand (RANKL) is a key event in osteoclast differentiation. Isolated and identification compound 1 was investigated in vitro for their anti-osteoclastic activity. Compound 1 inhibited osteoclastic differentiation in a dose-dependent manner without cytotoxicity. In addition, the inhibitory mechanisms of compound 1 were investigated. Compound 1 induced a clear reduction in the expressions of NFATc1 and c-Fos upon RANKL stimulation. In summary, compound 1 from sea mustard showed anti-osteoporotic potential.
    Food science and biotechnology 01/2011; 20(2):343-347. · 0.70 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Korean ginseng (Panax ginseng C.A. Meyer) contains several types of saponins and ginsenosides, which are usually considered the major active components of ginseng. The types and quantities of saponins found in ginseng may differ depending on the region of cultivation. As a result, ginsengs produced in different areas of Korea have been unintentionally mislabeled and/or confused by Korean herbal markets owing to their complicated plant sources. Another concern is that 4- and 6-year-old ginseng roots, traditionally prescribed for different medicinal purposes, can vary in total saponin contents. Therefore, it is necessary to establish a reliable method for distinguishing different cultivation regions and ages of ginseng roots. A rapid resolution liquid chromatography-quadruple time of flight mass spectrometry (RRLC-QTOF/MS) based chemical profiling method was established for the rapid and global evaluation of Korean ginseng roots in this study. The method was successfully applied for the comparison of ginseng roots cultivated in different regions and of differing ages. Principal component analysis (PCA) of the data showed the clear separation of 4- and 6-year-old ginseng roots and of ginseng cultivated in 2 different areas of Korea, Ganghwa and Punggi. Keywordsfingerprinting–Korean ginseng–metabolomics– Panax ginseng –principal component analysis
    Food science and biotechnology 01/2011; 20(4):1119-1124. · 0.70 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: A new compound, 4-O-(6'-O-p-hydroxybenzoyl-β-D-glucopyranosyl)-cis-p-coumaric acid, was isolated from the fruits of hot pepper (Capsicum annuum L.). The structure of the compound was established on the basis of NMR, FAB-MS, and IR spectroscopic data.
    Chemistry of Natural Compounds 01/2010; 46(3):338-339. · 0.60 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The fruits of Capsicum annuum were extracted using 80% aqueous MeOH, and fractionated using EtOAc and water. Repeated column chromatography using silica gel, octadecyl silica gel, and Sephadex LH-20 for the EtOAc fraction led to the isolation of a new lignan glycoside and a known one, icariside E(5). From the results of spectroscopic data, including EIMS, FABMS, UV, IR, (1)H and (13)C-NMR, DEPT, and 2D-NMR (COSY, HSQC, HMBC), the chemical structure of the new lignan glycoside was determined as (8R)-isodehydrodiconiferyl alcohol-4'-O-(6''-vanilloyl)-beta-D-glucopyranoside named vanilloylicariside E(5). All isolated compounds were tested for antioxidant activities using 1,1-diphenyl-2-picrylhydrazyl (DPPH) assay. Icariside E(5) (2) and (8R)-Isodehydrodiconiferyl alcohol (3) exhibited a strong scavenging effect on DPPH (2: IC(50)=42.1 microM, 3: IC(50)=4.5 microM).
    Archives of Pharmacal Research 10/2009; 32(10):1345-9. · 1.54 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Angiogenesis, the growth of new blood vessels from preexisting vasculature, plays an important role in physiological and pathological processes such as embryonic development and wound healing. This study investigated the effects of methanol extracts of Stewartia koreana leaves (SKE) on angiogenesis. Stewartia koreana significantly promoted the proliferation and migration of human umbilical vein endothelial cells in a dose-dependent manner. The SKE induced endothelial cell proliferation in the range of 50 microg/mL without cytotoxicity. Treatment of HUVECs resulted in the activation of the mitogen-activated protein kinases that was correlated with endothelial cell proliferation and migration. SKE also stimulated angiogenesis in a chick chorioallantoic membrane assay, demonstrating promotion of new blood vessel formation in vivo. Local administration of SKE onto skin punched wounds resulted in increased von Willebrand Factor antigen, indicating that it stimulated neovasculization in the wound region. The results suggest that Stewartia koreana extracts may potentially be useful for the development of agents to accelerate vascular wound healing or to promote the growth of collateral blood vessels in ischemic tissues.
    Phytotherapy Research 06/2009; 24(1):20-5. · 2.07 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: In order to identify secondary metabolites, the root of Brassica rapa was extracted with 80% aqueous MeOH, and the concentrated extract was partitioned with EtOAc, n-BuOH and . From the EtOAc and n-BuOH fractions, four secondary metabolites were isolated through the repeated silica gel and octadecyl silica gel (ODS) column chromatographies. From the result of spectroscopic data including NMR and MS, the chemical structures of the compounds were determined as 4-(methoxymethyl)phenol (1), -methoxy-2,5-furandimethanol (2), phenyl--D-glucopyranoside (3), and 2-phenylethyl--D-glucopyranoside (4). They were isolated for the first time from Brassica rapa.
    Journal of Plant Biotechnology. 01/2009; 36(1):64-67.
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    ABSTRACT: ChemInform is a weekly Abstracting Service, delivering concise information at a glance that was extracted from about 200 leading journals. To access a ChemInform Abstract of an article which was published elsewhere, please select a “Full Text” option. The original article is trackable via the “References” option.
    ChemInform 01/2009; 40(3).

Publication Stats

173 Citations
48.61 Total Impact Points

Institutions

  • 2004–2014
    • Kyung Hee University
      • • Graduate School of Biotechnology and Plant Metabolism Research Center
      • • Graduate School of Biotechnology
      • • College of Life Sciences
      Sŏul, Seoul, South Korea
  • 2006
    • Daegu Haany University
      Daikyū, Daegu, South Korea
  • 2005
    • Woosuk University
      완주, North Jeolla, South Korea
  • 2002
    • University of Suwon
      Suigen, Gyeonggi Province, South Korea