F Gormand

Fondation Jean Dausset (CEPH), Lutetia Parisorum, Île-de-France, France

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Publications (56)168.19 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: The aims were to assess 1) the relationship of asthma control assessed by combining epidemiological survey questions and lung function to Health-Related Quality of Life (HRQL) and 2) whether individuals with controlled asthma reach similar generic HRQL levels as individuals without asthma. The analysis included 584 individuals without asthma and 498 with asthma who participated in the follow-up of the Epidemiological study on Genetics and Environment of Asthma (EGEA). Asthma control was assessed from survey questions and lung function, closely adapted from the 2006-2009 Global Initiative for Asthma guidelines. The Asthma Quality of Life Questionnaire (AQLQ, scores range:1-7) and the generic SF-36 (scores range: 0-100) were used. Adjusted mean total AQLQ score decreased by 0.5 points for each asthma control steps (6.4, 5.9 and 5.4 for controlled, partly-controlled and uncontrolled asthma respectively, p < 0.0001). The differences in SF-36 scores between individuals with controlled asthma and those without asthma were minor and not significant for the PCS (-1, p = 0.09), borderline significant for the MCS (-1.6, p = 0.05) and small for the 8 domains (<5.1) although statistically significant for 4 domains. These results support the discriminative properties of the proposed asthma control grading system and its use in epidemiology.
    Respiratory medicine 02/2012; 106(6):820-8. · 2.33 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The associations between exposure to air pollution and asthma control are not well known. The objective of this study was to assess the association between long-term exposure to NO(2), O(3) and PM(10) and asthma control in the follow-up of the Epidemiological study on the Genetics and Environment of Asthma (EGEA2) (2003-2007). Modelled outdoor NO(2), O(3) and PM(10) estimates were linked to each residential address using the 4 km grid air pollutant surface developed by the French Institute of Environment in 2004. Asthma control was assessed in 481 subjects with current asthma using a multidimensional approach following the 2006-2009 Global Initiative for Asthma guidelines. Multinomial and ordinal logistic regressions were conducted adjusted for sex, age, body mass index, education, smoking and use of inhaled corticosteroids. The association between air pollution and the three domains of asthma control (symptoms, exacerbations and lung function) was assessed. ORs are reported per IQR. Median concentrations (in micrograms per cubic metre) were 32 (IQR 25-38) for NO(2) (n=465), 46 (41-52) for O(3) and 21 (18-21) for PM(10) (n=481). In total, 44%, 29% and 27% had controlled, partly controlled and uncontrolled asthma, respectively. The ordinal ORs for O(3) and PM(10) with asthma control were 1.69 (95% CI 1.22 to 2.34) and 1.35 (95% CI 1.13 to 1.64), respectively. When including both pollutants in the same model, both associations persisted. Associations were not modified by sex, smoking status, use of inhaled corticosteroids, atopy, season of examination or body mass index. Both pollutants were associated with each of the three main domains of control. The results suggest that long-term exposure to PM(10) and O(3) is associated with uncontrolled asthma in adults, defined by symptoms, exacerbations and lung function.
    Journal of epidemiology and community health 06/2011; 66(9):796-802. · 3.04 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) at chromosome 17q21 confer an increased risk of early-onset asthma. The objective was to study whether 17q21 SNPs modify associations between early respiratory infections and asthma. Association analysis was conducted in 499 children (268 with asthma, median age 11 yrs) from the Epidemiological Study on the Genetics and Environment of Asthma (EGEA). The 12-yr follow-up data were used to assess persistent or remittent asthma in young adulthood. Respiratory infection before 2 yrs of age was assessed retrospectively. For the 12 17q21 SNPs studied, the odds ratios (OR) for association between infection and early-onset asthma (age at onset <or=4 yrs) were higher in carriers of risk genotypes (OR 3.42-6.36) than in noncarriers (OR 1.84-2.44; p-value for interaction 0.02-0.04 for five SNPs). Risk genotypes also increased the association between infection and childhood asthma that remits in adulthood (OR 4.84-7.16 in carriers and 1.74-2.25 in noncarriers; p-value for interaction 0.008-0.05 for 10 SNPs). In children with 17q21 risk genotypes and early-life environmental tobacco smoke (ETS) exposure, associations between infection and asthma were further enhanced. 17q21 genetic variants and early ETS exposure enhance the association between early respiratory infections and early-onset asthma and childhood asthma that remits in adulthood.
    European Respiratory Journal 07/2010; 36(1):57-64. · 6.36 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Although uncontrolled asthma remains frequent, determinants of asthma control are poorly studied. The aim was to estimate the distribution and the phenotypic characteristics of asthma control in 2 groups of subjects defined by the use of inhaled corticosteroids (ICS) in the past 12 months, in the Epidemiological study on the Genetics and Environment of Asthma, bronchial hyperresponsiveness and atopy (EGEA). Five hundred one adult current patients with asthma who participated in the follow-up of the EGEA study were included. Asthma control was assessed from survey questions reflecting asthma control, as defined in the 2006 Global Initiative for Asthma guidelines. The factors analyzed were age, sex, educational level, body mass index, active and passive smoking, sensitization to aeroallergens, total IgE, rhinitis, chronic cough/phlegm, and age at asthma onset. Analyses were stratified according to ICS use. Uncontrolled asthma was more frequent in ICS users (27.6%, 35.0%, and 37.4% with controlled, partly-controlled, and uncontrolled asthma respectively) compared with non-ICS users (60.0%, 23.9%, and 16.1%, respectively). In ICS users, chronic cough or phlegm and female sex were independently and significantly related to uncontrolled asthma. In non-ICS users, high total IgE and sensitization to molds were associated with uncontrolled asthma. Smoking and rhinitis were not associated with asthma control. Optimal asthma control remained unachieved in the majority of patients with asthma in this study. Factors associated with uncontrolled asthma were different in ICS users (chronic cough/phlegm, female sex) and non-ICS users (high total IgE and sensitization to molds).
    The Journal of allergy and clinical immunology 09/2009; 124(4):681-7.e3. · 12.05 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Sex differences in asthma-associated phenotypes are well known but the genetic factors that may account for these differences have received little attention. This study aimed to characterize sex-specific and pleiotropic genetic factors underlying four quantitative phenotypes involved in the main asthma physiopathological pathways: immunoglobulin E levels, a measure of polysensitization (SPTQ), eosinophil counts and a measure of lung function FEV(1)/H(2) (forced expiratory volume in one second divided by height square). Sex-stratified univariate and bivariate linkage analyses were conducted in 295 families from the Epidemiological study on the Genetics and Environment of Asthma study. We found genome-wide significant evidence for a male-specific pleiotropic QTL (quantitative trait loci) on 5q31 (P=7 x 10(-9)) influencing both FEV(1)/H(2) and SPTQ and for a female-specific pleiotropic QTL on 11q23 underlying SPTQ and immunoglobulin E (P=2 x 10(-5)). Three other sex-specific regions of linkage were detected for eosinophil: 4q24 and 22q13 in females, and 3p25 in males. Further, bivariate association analysis of FEV(1)/H(2) and SPTQ with 5q31 candidate genes in males showed a significant association with two single-nucleotide polymorphisms within IL9 gene, rs2069885 and rs2069882 (P=0.02 and P=0.002, respectively, after Bonferroni's correction). This study underlies the importance of taking into account complex mechanisms, such as heterogeneity according to sex and pleiotropy to unravel the genes involved in asthma phenotypes.
    Genes and immunity 07/2009; 10(6):559-65. · 4.22 Impact Factor
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    Epidemiology. 01/2009; 20.
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    ABSTRACT: A genomewide association study has shown an association between variants at chromosome 17q21 and an increased risk of asthma. To elucidate the relationship between this locus and disease, we examined a large, family-based data set that included extensive phenotypic and environmental data from the Epidemiological Study on the Genetics and Environment of Asthma. We tested 36 single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in the 17q21 region in 1511 subjects from 372 families for an association with asthma. We also tested for genetic heterogeneity according to the age at the onset of asthma and exposure to environmental tobacco smoke in early life. Eleven SNPs were significantly associated with asthma (P<0.01), of which three (rs8069176, rs2305480, and rs4795400) were strongly associated (P<0.001). Ordered-subset regression analysis led us to select an onset at 4 years of age or younger to classify patients as having early-onset asthma. Association with early-onset asthma was highly significant (P<10(-5) for four SNPs), whereas no association was found with late-onset asthma. With respect to exposure to environmental tobacco smoke in early life, we observed a significant association with early-onset asthma only in exposed subjects (P<5x10(-5) for six SNPs). Under the best-fitting recessive model, homozygous status (GG) at the most strongly associated SNP (rs8069176) conferred an increase in risk by a factor of 2.9, as compared with other genotypes (AG and AA) in the group exposed to environmental tobacco smoke (P=2.8x10(-6); P=0.006 for the test for heterogeneity of the SNP effect on early-onset asthma between groups with tobacco exposure and those without such exposure). This study shows that the increased risk of asthma conferred by 17q21 genetic variants is restricted to early-onset asthma and that the risk is further increased by early-life exposure to environmental tobacco smoke. These findings provide a greater understanding of the functional role of the 17q21 variants in the pathophysiology of asthma.
    New England Journal of Medicine 11/2008; 359(19):1985-94. · 51.66 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Asthma, allergic rhinitis (AR) and atopic dermatitis also called eczema are allergic co-morbidites, which are likely to depend on pleiotropic genetic effects as well as on specific genetic factors. After a previous genome-wide linkage screen conducted for asthma and AR in a sample of 295 French EGEA families ascertained through asthmatic subjects, the aim here was to search for genetic factors involved in eczema and more particularly the ones shared by the three allergic diseases using the same EGEA data. In this sake, eczema and phenotypes of "allergic disease" accounting for the joint information on the presence/absence of the three diseases were examined by linkage analyses using the maximum likelihood binomial method. A fine mapping was carried out in regions detected for potential linkage, followed by association studies using the family-based association test (FBAT). Evidence for linkage to 11p14 region was shown for "allergic disease" and eczema. Linkage was also indicated between eczema and 5q13 and between "allergic disease" and both 5p15 and 17q21 regions. Fine mapping supported the evidence of linkage to 11p14 and FBAT analyses showed the association between "allergic disease" and a marker located at the linkage peak on 11p14. Further investigations in this region will allow identifying genetic factor(s) which could have pleiotropic effect in the three allergic diseases.
    Human Genetics 02/2008; 122(6):605-14. · 4.63 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: EGEA (Epidemiological study on the genetics and environment of asthma, bronchial hyperresponsiveness and atopy), a case control and family study including 2048 individuals, was initiated to look for environmental and genetic risk factors for asthma. A synthesis of the results obtained since 2002 on phenotypic and environmental aspects of asthma severity and allergy are presented in this article. The results support a role for hormonal factors in asthma severity and in various allergic markers of asthma. A greater body mass index was related to a more severe asthma in women with early menarche. Associations between markers of allergy (eosinophils, IgE and atopy) and hormonal dependent events in women (premenstrual asthma, menopause and oral contraceptive use) have been found. In asthmatics, exposure to agents known to be associated with occupational asthma, active and passive smoking were associated with an increased clinical asthma severity score. The study underlines the protective role of country living and exposure to pets in early life on allergy markers in adulthood, supporting the hygiene hypothesis. New hypothesis will be tested in the near future from the second stage of this survey.
    Revue des Maladies Respiratoires 06/2007; 24(5):599-608. · 0.50 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Sweet's syndrome, one of the neutrophilic dermatoses, is idiopathic in most cases. In 10-20% of cases it is paraneoplastic, associated with a solid tumour or haematological malignancy. An association with carcinoma of the bronchus has been only rarely described. We report the case of a 56 year old man who presented with Sweet's syndrome two months before the diagnosis of a squamous cell carcinoma of the bronchus. The dermatosis responded well to corticosteroids. The progress of the tumour was favourable, with stabilisation following 3 courses of chemotherapy and local radiotherapy. This case report updates this rare association and underlines the importance of undertaking appropriate thoracic investigations in the presence of this dermatosis. A paraneoplastic secretion of interleukin-8, GM-CSF and/or G-CSF by the bronchial tumour cells facilitating the recruitment of neutrophils, particularly in the skin, may account for the pathophysiology of this condition.
    Revue des Maladies Respiratoires 02/2007; 24(1):77-80. · 0.50 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Introduction Sweet's syndrome, one of the neutrophilic dermatoses, is ideopathic in most cases. In 10-20% of cases it is paraneoplastic, associated with a solid tumour or haematological malignancy. An association with carcinoma of the bronchus has been only rarely described. Case report We report the case of a 56 year old man who presented with Sweet's syndrome two months before the diagnosis of a squamous cell carcinoma of the bronchus. The dermatosis responded well to corticosteroids. The progress of the tumour was favourable, with stabilisation following 3 courses of chemotherapy and local radiotherapy. Discussion This case report updates this rare association and underlines the importance of undertaking appropriate thoracic investigations in the presence of this dermatosis. A paraneoplastic secretion of interleukin-8, GM-CSF and/or G-CSF by the bronchial tumour cells facilitating the recruitment of neutrophils, particularly in the skin, may account for the pathophysiology of this condition.
    Revue des Maladies Respiratoires. 01/2007; 24(1):77–80.
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    ABSTRACT: Introduction EGEA (Epidemiological study on the genetics and environment of asthma, bronchial hyperresponsiveness and atopy), a case control and family study including 2048 individuals, was initiated to look for environmental and genetic risk factors for asthma. A synthesis of the results obtained since 2002 on phenotypic and environmental aspects of asthma severity and allergy are presented in this article. Methods and Results The results support a role for hormonal factors in asthma severity and in various allergic markers of asthma. A greater body mass index was related to a more severe asthma in women with early menarche. Associations between markers of allergy (eosinophils, IgE and atopy) and hormonal dependent events in women (premenstrual asthma, menopause and oral contraceptive use) have been found. In asthmatics, exposure to agents known to be associated with occupational asthma, active and passive smoking were associated with an increased clinical asthma severity score. The study underlines the protective role of country living and exposure to pets in early life on allergy markers in adulthood, supporting the hygiene hypothesis. Conclusions New hypothesis will be tested in the near future from the second stage of this survey.
    Revue Des Maladies Respiratoires - REV MAL RESPIR. 01/2007; 24(5):599-608.
  • Revue Des Maladies Respiratoires - REV MAL RESPIR. 01/2007; 24:81-81.
  • Revue Des Maladies Respiratoires - REV MAL RESPIR. 01/2007; 24(1):77-80.
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    ABSTRACT: In the sample of 295 French EGEA families with at least one asthmatic subject, a genome screen was conducted to identify potential linkage regions specific either to allergic rhinitis (AR) or to asthma as well as those shared by the two diseases. Two binary rhinitis phenotypes based on (1) diagnosis (ARbin1) and (2) symptoms (ARbin2) and a categorical ordered trait (ARcat) were considered. Asthma phenotype was based on answers to a standardized questionnaire plus the presence of bronchial hyper-responsiveness. Linkage analyses were conducted using the maximum likelihood binomial (MLB) method. These analyses provided potential evidence for linkage to three regions in the whole sample: 1p31 for the phenotype defined by ARbin2 plus asthma (P=0.00016), 2q32 for ARbin2 (P=0.00016) and 3p24-p14 for ARcat (P=0.001). Two other regions were detected in the subset of 185 families with at most one asthmatic sib: 9p22 and 9q22-q34 for ARbin1 (P=0.001 and 0.0007, respectively). No region showed evidence for linkage to asthma without being also linked to AR. While 1p31 may contain a genetic determinant common to asthma and AR, 2q32, 3p24-p14, 9p22 and 9q22-q34 are more likely to harbor genetic factors specific to AR.
    Genes and Immunity 04/2005; 6(2):95-102. · 3.68 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: A genome-wide scan for asthma phenotypes was conducted in the whole sample of 295 EGEA families selected through at least one asthmatic subject. In addition to asthma, seven phenotypes involved in the main asthma physiopathological pathways were considered: SPT (positive skin prick test response to at least one of 11 allergens), SPTQ score being the number of positive skin test responses to 11 allergens, Phadiatop (positive specific IgE response to a mixture of allergens), total IgE levels, eosinophils, bronchial responsiveness (BR) to methacholine challenge and %predicted FEV(1). Four regions showed evidence for linkage (P</=0.001): 6q14 for %FEV(1), 12p13 for IgE, 17q22-q24 for SPT and 21q21 for both SPTQ and %FEV(1). Nine other regions indicated smaller linkage signals (0.001<P</=0.005). While most of these regions have been reported by previous asthma and lung function screens, 6q14 appears to be a new region potentially linked to %FEV(1). To determine which of these various asthma phenotypes are more likely to share common genetic determinants, a principal component analysis was applied to the genome-wide LOD scores. This analysis revealed clustering of LODs for asthma, SPT and Phadiatop on one axis and clustering of LODs for %FEV(1), BR and SPTQ on the other, while LODs for IgE and eosinophils appeared to be independent from all other LODs. These results provide new insights into the potential sharing of genetic determinants by asthma-related phenotypes.
    Human Molecular Genetics 01/2005; 13(24):3103-13. · 7.69 Impact Factor
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    Chest 04/2002; 121(3 Suppl):27S. · 5.85 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The French co-operative epidemiological study EGEA realised in 1991/95 combines a case control study and a study of the families of asthmatic cases. A synthesis of the results already obtained is presented. Smoking was related to IgE, even in asthmatics and was clearly related to the clinical severity of asthma, an aspect insufficiently taken into account. The relationships of occupational exposures to asthma have been assessed using a job exposure matrix. Segregation analyses on IgE have shown, after correction for the mode of ascertainment, the existence of a dominant major gene and familial residual correlation. A systematic genome screen realised in families with 2 asthmatic siblings showed linkage of various regions in the genome implicated to asthma or related phenotypes (1p, 11p, 11q, 12q, 13q, 17q, 19q), coherent with genome screens realised in other studies. Regarding candidate genes, no association was evidenced between asthma and the AF508 mutation of the cystic fibrosis gene. The analysis is still in progress by studies on the heterogeneity of asthma with refined genetic studies and by searching to integrate results regarding environmental and genetic factors and studying their interactions.
    Revue des Maladies Respiratoires 03/2002; 19(1):63-72. · 0.50 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The management of superior sulcus tumors with Pancoast 's syndrome is not well defined, especially in view of their low frequency. Even if surgery performed by "en bloc" resection of the tumor and the chest wall is recommended, neoadjuvant treatment could have a potential benefit on the resecability and pain control. We report five cases of Pancoast tumors (NSCLC), treated by radiotherapy and chemotherapy before surgery. Four tumors was on stage IIIb. A regimen with radiotherapy (50 Gy) and chemotherapy (cisplatinum + etoposide) was initially performed. Four tumors were resected, with 2 complete pathologic responses and good control on pain. Three patients received radiotherapy during surgery. No toxic reaction was observed. This regimen may be discussed with locally advanced tumors and poor prognosis.
    Revue de Pneumologie Clinique 10/2001; 57(4):271-7. · 0.20 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The EGEA study combines a case-control study and a family study to assess genetic and environmental risk factors and their interactions for asthma, bronchial hyperresponsiveness and atopy. Information is scanty regarding potential selection biases, in particular regarding familial ressemblance in epidemiological surveys of this kind. Asthmatic probands (adult and paediatric) were recruited in chest clinics of six clinical centres. Controls were mostly population-based (electoral rolls) for adults and recruited in surgery departments for children. The population examined includes 348 nuclear families ascertained by one asthmatic and 416 controls, totalling 1847 subjects (EGEA I) and an additional sample of 40 families ascertained by two asthmatic siblings (EGEA II). Potential biases for the various types of analyses have been studied. Quantification of the consequences of the greater participation of probands with a parental history of asthma shows it does not introduce a major bias in the estimates of familial resemblance. Cases and controls showed a good comparability regarding sex, age, area of residence and familial geographical origin, allowing proper associations studies for environmental and candidate genetic factors. The case-control component of the study will allow to perform studies on environmental factors and association studies for various genetic polymorphisms. Using the family base collected, segregation and genetic linkage/association analyses with DNA markers may be performed.
    Revue d Épidémiologie et de Santé Publique 10/2001; 49(4):343-56. · 0.69 Impact Factor

Publication Stats

530 Citations
10 Downloads
2k Views
168.19 Total Impact Points

Institutions

  • 2009
    • Fondation Jean Dausset (CEPH)
      Lutetia Parisorum, Île-de-France, France
  • 1989–2009
    • Centre Hospitalier Lyon Sud
      Lyons, Rhône-Alpes, France
  • 1995–2008
    • Unité Inserm U1077
      Caen, Lower Normandy, France
  • 2000–2002
    • French Institute of Health and Medical Research
      Lutetia Parisorum, Île-de-France, France
  • 1993
    • Institut National des Sciences Appliquées de Lyon
      Lyons, Rhône-Alpes, France