Fadil Akyol

Hacettepe University, Ankara, Ankara, Turkey

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Publications (58)114.49 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: Treatment choices for recurrent glioblastoma patients are sparse and the results are not satisfactory. In this retrospective analysis, we evaluated the results of re-irradiation of locally recurrent glioblastoma patients with an image-guided, fractionated, frameless stereotactic radiotherapy (SRT) technique. We treated 37 patients with the diagnosis of recurrent glioblastoma from September 2009 to December 2011. SRT was performed in a median five fractions (range, 1-5 fractions) with CyberKnife(®) (Accuray Incorporated, Sunnyvale, CA, USA). The dose given ranged from 14 to 32 Gy (median, 30 Gy). The median volume of the GTV was 24 cc (range, 2-81 cc). Median follow-up was 9.3 months. Five patients had regression in their lesions, 14 had stable disease, progression was observed in eight patients, and seven patients had pseudoprogression. The median survival following SRT was 10.6 months (range, 1.1-20 months) and overall survival following initial treatment was 35.5 months. The time to progression following SRT was 7.9 months in median. Patients with pseudoprogression had significantly longer survival after the first magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) compared to those with regression, stable or progressive disease (p = 0.012). The median survival after SRT for patients with pseudoprogression was 20 months. Patients who had GTV <24 cc had significantly longer survival following SRT compared to those with lesions ≥24 cc (p = 0.015). Patients who had chemotherapy after SRT had a median survival of 16.8 months. This was 9.7 months for patients who were not prescribed any chemotherapy (p = 0.062).
    Journal of Neuro-Oncology 07/2014; · 3.12 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: This study aimed to compare the therapeutic outcomes and fatal carotid blow out syndrome (CBOS) incidence rates between two different stereotactic body radiotherapy (SBRT) protocols. The study included 75 patients with inoperable locally recurrent head and neck cancer treated with SBRT in our department between June 2007 and March 2011. The first 43 patients were treated sequentially (group I). Then our SBRT protocol was changed due to the high rate of CBOS, and the following 32 patients were treated every other day in a prospective institutional protocol (group II). Median overall survival in group I and group II was 11 months and 23 months, respectively (P = 0.006). We observed 11 cases of CBOS. Only 1 of 7 patients (14%) with CBOS survived in group I, whereas 2 of 4 patients (50%) in group II remain alive. CBOS free median overall survivals were 9 months, and 23 months in group I and group II respectively (P = 0.002). The median radiation dose received by the carotid artery in patients with CBOS was 36.5 Gy (range: 34--42.8 Gy), versus 34.7 Gy (range: 0--44 Gy) in the patients that didn't have CBOS (P = 0.15). CBOS did not occur in any of the patients with a maximum carotid artery radiation dose <34 Gy. Every other day SBRT protocol for re-irradiation of recurrent head and neck cancer is promising in terms of decreasing the incidence of fatal CBOS.
    Radiation Oncology 10/2013; 8(1):242. · 2.11 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The aim of this retrospective study is to evaluate our therapeutic results in patients with paranasal sinus (PNS) or nasal cavity (NC) malignancies treated with robotic stereotactic radiosurgery (SRS). Between August 2007 and October 2008, 27 patients with PNS or NC tumors were treated in our department using SRS. Median age was 53 years (range, 27-84 years). Eleven patients were female and sixteen were male. Most common histopathology was SCC (44%). The disease involved the maxillary sinus in 15 patients (55%). SRS was applied to 6 patients (22%) for reirradiation, while the others received it as a primary treatment. Seven patients had SRS as a boost dose to external beam radiotherapy. SRS was delivered with cyberknife (Accuray Incorporated, Sunnyvale, CA, USA). The median dose to the tumor was 31 Gy (range, 15-37.5 Gy) in median 5 fractions (range, 3-5 fractions). After a median follow-up of 21.4 months (range, 3-59 months), 76% of the patients were free of local relapse. Three patients showed local progression and 3 developed distant metastases. One- and two-year survival rates for the entire group were 95.2% (SEM = 0.046) and 77.1% (SEM = 0.102), respectively. We observed brain necrosis in 2 patients, visual disorder in 2 patients, bone necrosis in 2 patients and trismus in 1 patient as a SRS related late toxicity. Robotic SRS seems to be a feasible treatment strategy for patients with PNS tumors. Further prospective studies with longer follow up times should be performed.
    Technology in cancer research & treatment 08/2013; · 1.94 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Chordomas are uncommon neoplasms and there is still controversy regarding establishment of diagnosis and management. The aim of this study was to evaluate efficacy and toxicity of fractionated stereotactic radiosurgery (FSRS) in skull base chordomas. There were 4 female (36%) and 7 male (64%) patients. FSRS was delivered with CyberKnife (Accuray Inc., Sunnyvale, CA). The median tumor volume was 14.7 cc (range, 3.9-40.5 cc). The median marginal tumor dose was 30 Gy (range, 20-36 Gy) in a median 5 fractions (range, 3-5 fractions). The median follow-up time was 42 months (range, 17-63 months). At the time of analysis, 10 (91%) patients were alive and 1 (9%) had died due to tumor progression. Of 10 patients, 8 (73%) had stable disease and the remaining 2 (18%) had progressive disease. The actuarial overall survival (OS) after FSRS was 91% at two-years. Two patients developed radiation-induced brain necrosis as a complication in the 8th and 28th months of follow-up, respectively. Our results with robotic FSRS in skull base chordomas are promising for selected patients. However, due to the slow growth pattern of skull base chordomas, a longer follow-up is required to determine exact treatment results and late morbidity.
    Technology in cancer research & treatment 06/2013; · 1.94 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Purpose: The authors evaluated the absorbed dose received by the gonads during robotic stereotactic radiosurgery (SRS) for the treatment of different tumor localizations.Methods: The authors measured the gonad doses during the treatment of head and neck, thoracic, abdominal, or pelvic tumors in both RANDO phantom and actual patients. The computerized tomography images were transferred to the treatment planning system. The contours of tumor and critical organs were delineated on each slice, and treatment plans were generated. Measurements for gonad doses were taken from the geometric projection of the ovary onto the skin for female patients, and from the scrotal skin for male patients by attaching films and Thermoluminescent dosimeters (TLDs). SRS was delivered with CyberKnife (Accuray Inc., Sunnyvale, CA).Results: The median gonadal doses with TLD and film dosimeter in actual patients were 0.19 Gy (range, 0.035-2.71 Gy) and 0.34 Gy (range, 0.066-3.18 Gy), respectively. In the RANDO phantom, the median ovarian doses with TLD and film dosimeter were 0.08 Gy (range, 0.03-0.159 Gy) and 0.05 Gy (range, 0.015-0.13 Gy), respectively. In the RANDO phantom, the median testicular doses with TLD and film dosimeter were 0.134 Gy (range 0.056-1.97 Gy) and 0.306 Gy (range, 0.065-2.25 Gy).Conclusions: Gonad doses are below sterility threshold in robotic SRS for different tumor localizations. However, particular attention should be given to gonads during robotic SRS for pelvic tumors.
    Medical Physics 04/2013; 40(4):041703. · 2.91 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: We evaluated the treatment results of robotic stereotactic radiosurgery (SRS) in our patients with unresectable glomus jugulare tumors (GJTs). The medical charts of fourteen patients with GJT, who were treated with robotic SRS, were retrospectively evaluated. The gross tumor volume was described as the clinical target volume. The median dose to the tumor was 25 Gy in median 5 fractions. The dose was normalized to 80% isodose line. All patients were evaluated for tumor growth and clinical outcome every 6 months in the first 2 years and then annually. Median follow-up was 39 months (range, 7-60 months). Lesions were stable in 8 patients, and tumor regression was observed in 6 patients. We did not observe any treatment related toxicity in our patients. In conclusion, according to our early experience, robotic SRS seems to be successful treatment option in the management of unresectable GJTs.
    Technology in cancer research & treatment 09/2012; · 1.94 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Purpose: In this study, the neutron measurements were performed in free in air and RW3 solid water phantom to estimate the secondary malignancy risk for three dimensional conformal radiotherapy (3D-CRT) and intensity modulated radiotherapy (IMRT) techniques in prostate cancer treatment. Methods: Neutron dose were measured in 18 MV Elekta Synergy Platform and Varian Clinac linear accelerators by using bubble detector for personal neutron dosimetry (BD-PND). To determine the neutron equivalent dose in different depths and different distance from the edge of treatment field RW3 solid water phantom was used and organs location was defined in Alderson Rando phantom with respect to target (prostate) position in the treatment field. By using these data, we determined the neutron equivalent dose and effective dose for the standard prostate cancer patient treated with 3D-CRT and IMRT with 18 MV photon energy. The total dose was 70 Gy in 3D-CRT and 76 Gy in IMRT treatment in the current study. For both of these treatment techniques, we estimated the risk of secondary malignancies due to the neutron contamination by using the International Commission on Radiological Protection (ICRP) report 103. Results: The equivalent dose and effective dose due the neutron contamination were considerably high in 18 MV IMRT technique. The secondary malignancy risk estimation for 3D-CRT and IMRT were found to be 0.44% and 1.15% for Elekta Synergy Platform linear accelerator, 0.92% and 2.38% for the Varian Clinac DHX High Performance linear accelerator, respectively. Conclusions: Therefore, one should take care of the secondary malignancy risk in case of using 18 MV in IMRT applications.
    Medical Physics 06/2012; 39(6):3751. · 2.91 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: In this single center study, we aimed to assess quality of life and cognitive and emotional distress in patients treated for high-grade glioma. A hundred and eighteen patients with high-grade glioma were prospectively enrolled. We assessed HRQoL at baseline (after surgery before radiotherapy), at the end of radiotherapy and during follow-up (every 3 months for the first 2 years and every 6 months between 2 and 5 years) using the European Organization for Research and Treatment of Cancer Quality of Life Questionnaire 30 (EORTC-C30), Brain Cancer Module-20 (BN-20), Minimental State Examination (MMSE) and Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS). Baseline scores, and first 18-month follow-up period scores were included to statistical analysis. Sixty-five (55%) patients had progressive tumor. Global score, physical, role and emotional function, insomnia (p for each <0.001) and appetite loss (p: 0.008) scores of EORTC-C30 significantly related to disease progression. According to BN-20 seizure and leg weakness (p < 0.001), drowsiness and bladder control (p: 0.002), motor dysfunction (p: 0.001), future uncertainty (p: 0.04), visual disorder (p: 0.008) and communication deficit (p: 0.006) symptoms significantly related to disease progression. There were significant decrements in orientation, attention and calculation and language scores (p values were 0.017, 0.005 and 0.003, respectively) of MMSE. The baseline and follow-up anxiety and depression scores did not differ significantly. We conclude that there were many changes in patients with high-grade glioma during the course of the disease and most of them were related to disease progression.
    Supportive Care in Cancer 12/2011; 20(10):2315-25. · 2.09 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND: Sinonasal mucosal melanoma (SNMM) is a rare entity originating from melanocytes of the sinonasal mucosa. Postoperative radiotherapy is recommended in all cases to increase local control. However, external radiotherapy is rarely used as a definitive treatment modality. In this report, we present 4 cases of SNMM treated with CyberKnife (Accuray, Sunnyvale, CA). METHODS: All patients were immobilized with a thermoplastic mask. A planning CT scan with 1-mm thickness was obtained, and these images were fused with MRI for the contouring procedure. Multiplan (Accuray) inverse planning software was used for treatment planning. Robotic stereotactic body radiotherapy (SBRT) was delivered with CyberKnife. RESULTS: Median follow-up was 26 months. Three patients had complete response to CyberKnife, and 1 patient had partial response. CONCLUSION: Robotic SBRT seems to be an appealing treatment option for local control. Effective systemic treatment is required to prevent distant metastases. © 2011 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. Head Neck, 2011.
    Head & Neck 11/2011; · 2.83 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The purpose of this study was to investigate the prognostic factors and treatment results of T1N0M0 glottic laryngeal carcinoma irradiated with 2.3 Gray (Gy) per fraction. A total of 183 patients with glottic carcinoma treated between June 1998 and January 2007 were retrospectively evaluated. Of the 183 patients, 163 patients (89%) had T1a and 20 patients (11%) had T1b disease. All patients received 2.3 Gy per fraction to a median total dose of 64.4 Gy. The median follow-up was 63 months. The 5-year overall survival (OS), local control, and cancer-specific survival rates were 89%, 81%, and 90%, respectively. Multivariate analysis showed overall treatment time and age to be significant prognostic factors for local control and OS. We observed no grade IV or grade V acute toxicity. Trachea-esophageal fistula as late toxicity was observed in only 1 patient. High daily fraction scheme seems to be a feasible schedule for early glottic carcinomas.
    Head & Neck 11/2011; 34(7):1009-14. · 2.83 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The assessment of Health-Related Quality of Life (HRQoL) in cancer patients has become increasingly important during the past decades. The aim of this study was to evaluate the HRQoL in patients treated for low-grade glioma (LGG). Forty-three adult patients with LGG were evaluated prospectively between September 2006 and December 2010. We assessed HRQoL at baseline (after surgery before radiotherapy), at the end of radiotherapy and during follow-up (every 3 months for the first 2 years and every 6 months between 2 and 5 years), using the European Organization for Research and Treatment of Cancer Quality of Life Questionnaire 30 (EORTC-C30), Brain Cancer Module-20 (BN-20), Mini Mental State Examination (MMSE) and Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS). We demonstrated changes in global score (p = 0.004), and future uncertainty (p < 0.001), communication deficit (p = 0.007), headache (p < 0.001), drowsiness (p = 0.002) and hair loss (p < 0.001), and recall score (p = 0.0029) during follow-up. All complaints of LGG patients showed improvement, except for the hair loss. Although the baseline cognitive function scores was not significantly different, the third-year cognitive function scores of patients who used antiepileptic drugs had lower when compared to patients who did not use (p < 0.001). The baseline and follow-up anxiety and depression scores did not differ significantly. Our results suggested that there were improvement in HRQoL in LGG patients during follow-up and antiepileptic drugs had negative effect on cognitive functions.
    Supportive Care in Cancer 10/2011; 20(8):1859-68. · 2.09 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: In this study, we present our results of reirradiation of locally recurrent head-and-neck cancer with image-guided, fractionated, frameless stereotactic body radiotherapy technique. From July 2007 to February 2009, 46 patients were treated using the CyberKnife (Accuray, Sunnyvale, CA) at the Department of Radiation Oncology, Hacettepe University, Ankara, Turkey. All patients had recurrent, unresectable, and previously irradiated head-and-neck cancer. The most prominent site was the nasopharynx (32.6%), and the most common histopathology was epidermoid carcinoma. The planning target volume was defined as the gross tumor volume identified on magnetic resonance imaging and computed tomography. There were 22 female and 24 male patients. Median age was 53 years (range, 19-87 years). The median tumor dose with stereotactic body radiotherapy was 30 Gy (range, 18-35 Gy) in a median of five (range, one to five) fractions. Of 37 patients whose response to therapy was evaluated, 10 patients (27%) had complete tumor regression, 11 (29.8%) had partial response, and 10 (27%) had stable disease. Ultimate local disease control was achieved in 31 patients (83.8%). The overall survival was 11.93 months in median (ranged, 11.4-17.4 months), and the median progression free survival was 10.5 months. One-year progression-free survival and overall survival were 41% and 46%, respectively. Grade II or greater long-term complications were observed in 6 (13.3%) patients. On follow-up, 8 (17.3%) patients had carotid blow-out syndrome, and 7 (15.2%) patients died of bleeding from carotid arteries. We discovered that this fatal syndrome occurred only in patients with tumor surrounding carotid arteries and carotid arteries receiving all prescribed dose. Stereotactic body radiotherapy is an appealing treatment option for patients with recurrent head-and-neck cancer previously treated with radiation to high doses. Good local control with considerable 1-year survival is achieved with a relatively high rate of morbidity and related mortality.
    International journal of radiation oncology, biology, physics 09/2011; 81(1):104-9. · 4.59 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: We assessed therapeutic outcomes of reirradiation with robotic stereotactic radiotherapy (SBRT) for locally recurrent nasopharyngeal carcinoma (LRNPC) patients and compared those results with three-dimensional conformal radiotherapy (CRT) with or without brachytherapy (BRT). Treatment outcomes were evaluated retrospectively in 51 LRNPC patients receiving either robotic SBRT (24 patients) or CRT with or without BRT (27 patients) in our department. CRT was delivered with a 6-MV linear accelerator, and a median total reirradiation dose of 57 Gy in 2 Gy/day was given. Robotic SBRT was delivered with CyberKnife (Accuray, Sunnyvale, CA). Patients in the SBRT arm received 30 Gy over 5 consecutive days. We calculated actuarial local control and cancer-specific survival rates for the comparison of treatment outcomes in SBRT and CRT arms. The Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events v3.0 was used for toxicity evaluation. The median follow-up was 24 months for all patients. Two-year actuarial local control rates were 82% and 80% for SBRT and CRT arms, respectively (p = 0.6). Two-year cancer-specific survival rates were 64% and 47% for the SBRT and CRT arms, respectively (p = 0.4). Serious late toxicities (Grade 3 and above) were observed in 21% of patients in the SBRT arm, whereas 48% of patients had serious toxicity in the CRT arm (p = 0.04). Fatal complications occurred in three patients (12.5%) of the SBRT arm, and four patients (14.8%) of the CRT arm (p = 0.8). T stage at recurrence was the only independent predictor for local control and survival. Our robotic SBRT protocol seems to be feasible and less toxic in terms of late effects compared with CRT arm for the reirradiation of LRNPC patients.
    International journal of radiation oncology, biology, physics 04/2011; 81(4):e263-8. · 4.59 Impact Factor
  • European Journal of Cancer - EUR J CANCER. 01/2011; 47.
  • European Journal of Cancer - EUR J CANCER. 01/2011; 47.
  • European Journal of Cancer - EUR J CANCER. 01/2011; 47.
  • Fuel and Energy Abstracts 01/2011; 81(2).
  • European Journal of Cancer - EUR J CANCER. 01/2011; 47.
  • European Journal of Cancer - EUR J CANCER. 01/2011; 47.
  • European Journal of Cancer - EUR J CANCER. 01/2011; 47.