ABSTRACT: We sought to identify high-risk areas of pancreatic cancer incidence, and determine if clusters of persons diagnosed with pancreatic cancer were more likely to be located near arsenic-contaminated drinking water wells.
A total of 5,707 arsenic samples were collected from December 2000 to May 2008 by the Florida Department of Health, representing more than 5,000 individual privately owned wells. During that period, 0.010 ppm (10 ppb) or greater arsenic levels in private well water were considered as the threshold based on standard of United States Environmental Protection Agency (EPA). Spatial modeling was applied to pancreatic cancer cases diagnosed between 1998-2002 in Florida (n = 11,405). Multivariable logistic regression was used to determine if sociodemographic indicators, smoking history, and proximity to arsenic-contaminated well sites were associated with residence at the time of pancreatic cancer diagnosis occurring within versus outside a cluster.
Spatial modeling identified 16 clusters in which 22.6% of all pancreatic cancer cases were located. Cases living within 1 mile of known arsenic-contaminated wells were significantly more likely to be diagnosed within a cluster of pancreatic cancers relative to cases living more than 3 miles from known sites (odds ratio = 2.1 [95% CI = 1.9, 2.4]).
Exposure to arsenic-contaminated drinking water wells may be associated with an increased risk of pancreatic cancer. However, case-control studies are needed in order to confirm the findings of this ecological analysis. These cluster areas may be appropriate to evaluate pancreatic cancer risk factors, and to perform targeted screening and prevention studies.
BMC Cancer 01/2013; 13:111. · 3.01 Impact Factor
ABSTRACT: We sought to determine whether patients with esophageal carcinoma benefit from regionalization of care.
The Florida Cancer Data System (FCDS) and the Agency for Health Care Administration data sets (1998-2002) were merged and queried.
A total of 5,041 patients (87.6% Caucasian vs. 11.1% African American (AA)) demonstrated a median survival time of 9.8 months overall and 23.4 months following surgical resection (P < 0.001). Adenocarcinoma arose predominantly in Caucasian patients (98.1%). Patients with adenocarcinoma (n = 2,248) derived a treatment benefit at a TF (HR = 1.35, P = 0.003), including an improved 90-day mortality following surgery (2.1% vs. 4.0%, P < 0.001). Squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) arose predominantly in AA patients (91.6%). No overall survival benefit at TF was observed (HR = 1.01, P = 0.915), however a trend for reduced 90-day surgical mortality was observed at TF (1.9% vs. 5.2%, P = 0.062). Multivariate analysis for adenocarcinoma demonstrates that poverty, lack of chemotherapy or surgery, and failure to provide treatment at a TF are independent predictors of worse survival. For SCC patients, AA race was a significant predictor of poorer survival while TF and poverty level were not.
These data suggest no benefit from potential regionalized care for patients with squamous histology, which disproportionately affects AA.
Journal of Surgical Oncology 03/2010; 102(1):18-26. · 2.10 Impact Factor
ABSTRACT: Modifiable risk factors for bladder cancer have been identified, ie tobacco and chemical exposure. We identified high risk bladder cancer areas and risk factors associated with bladder cancer clusters in Florida using individual and area based data.
Spatial modeling was applied to 23,266 early and advanced bladder cancer cases diagnosed between 1998 and 2002 in Florida to identify areas of excess bladder cancer risk. Multivariable regression was used to determine whether sociodemographic indicators, smoking history and proximity to known arsenic contaminated drinking water well sites were associated with bladder cancer diagnosis in a specific area (cluster).
A total of 25 clusters were found to have a higher than expected bladder cancer rate, including 13 and 12 of early and late stage disease, respectively. Urban white patients were more likely to live in an advanced bladder cancer cluster. Advanced bladder cancer cluster membership was associated with living in close proximity to known arsenic contaminated drinking water wells.
There are multiple areas of early and late stage bladder cancer clusters in Florida. Individuals in an advanced bladder cancer cluster tended to live close to arsenic contaminated wells. Increased evaluation of potentially contaminated well water is warranted in these high risk areas. Targeted bladder cancer public awareness campaigns, smoking cessation support and potentially targeted screening should also be considered in communities at increased risk for bladder cancer. Our analytical approach can also be used by others to systematically identify communities at high risk for bladder and other cancers.
The Journal of urology 06/2009; 182(1):46-50; discussion 51. · 4.02 Impact Factor
ABSTRACT: There are no accepted screening recommendations for bladder cancer, although the greatest risk factors for bladder cancer are identifiable and modifiable, ie tobacco exposure. Bladder cancer survival correlates highly with disease stage. We ascertained whether there have been any demographic changes in the stage at presentation and mortality of bladder cancer in Florida during the last 25 years.
Data from Florida Cancer Data Registry were evaluated on all bladder cancer cases between 1981 and 2004. Cases were coded and analyzed as local, in situ or advanced (regional and distant) disease. Cases were stratified by demographic groups.
The overall incidence of bladder cancer decreased slightly in the last 25 years from 24.3 to 20.5 cases per 100,000 population. Overall white and Hispanic males had an almost 3 and 2-fold incidence of bladder cancer, respectively, compared to that in black males. White females had an almost 2-fold increased incidence compared to black and Hispanic females. Advanced stage bladder cancer decreased minimally in the 25 years. White and black females had the smallest decrease in the annual percent change of advanced bladder cancer. There was only a minimal decrease in bladder cancer mortality rates in black and white but not Hispanic individuals.
Despite knowledge of the main risk factors for bladder cancer there were only small decreases in the percent of patients presenting with advanced disease in Florida in the last 25 years. Thus, bladder cancer may be an appropriate cancer for increased public awareness campaigns and potentially targeted screening of high risk populations.
The Journal of urology 03/2008; 179(2):491-5; discussion 495. · 4.02 Impact Factor