[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Bioassay-guided fractionation of the EtOAc extract from the fermentation broth of a marine-derived actinomycete Z2039-2 led to the isolation of two known indolocarbazole alkaloids, K252c (1) and arcyriaflavin A (2).1 and2 exhibited moderate cytotoxic activities against the K562 cell line, and induced apoptotic activities at 10 and 100 μM, respectively.
This is the first report on the significant apoptosis inducing effect of indolocarbazole alkaloids against K562 cancer cells.
Archives of Pharmacal Research 04/2012; 30(3):270-274. · 1.54 Impact Factor
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Eight new resin glycosides, pescapreins X-XVII (1-8), were isolated from a lipophilic fraction of an ethanol extract of the entire plant of beach morning glory, Ipomoea pes-caprae. Their structures were elucidated by spectroscopic data analysis and by chemical transformation. These compounds were evaluated biologically in terms of cancer cell line cytotoxicity, antibacterial and antifungal activity, and effects on the mu-opioid receptor.
Journal of Natural Products 01/2009; 71(12):1998-2003. · 3.29 Impact Factor
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Eight new aromatic polyketides (2, 4-6, 8, 14, 16, and 17) together with eight known analogues (3, 7, 9-13, and 15) were isolated from the marine-derived fungus Aspergillus glaucus. The structures and stereochemistry of the new compounds were elucidated by spectroscopic and chemical methods, and their cytotoxicities were evaluated against the HL-60 and A-549 cell lines.
Journal of Natural Products 12/2008; 71(11):1837-42. · 3.29 Impact Factor
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Terpeptin A (1) and B (2), two new members of the indolic enamides, along with three known compounds (3-5) were identified from a strain of Aspergillus sp. (w-6), an endophytic fungus associated with Acanthus ilicifolius. The complete (1)H and (13)C NMR assignments for these compounds were carried out using (1)H, (13)C, DEPT, COSY, HMQC, and HMBC NMR experiments. Terpeptin A and B exhibited modest cytotoxicity against A-549 cell line.
Magnetic Resonance in Chemistry 10/2008; 46(12):1212-6. · 1.53 Impact Factor
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Eleven new unusual C25 steroid isomers with bicyclo[4.4.1]A/B rings, 24- epi-cyclocitrinol (1), 20-O-methyl-24-epi-cyclocitrinol (3), 20-O-methylcyclocitrinol (4), 24-oxocyclocitrinol (7), 12 R-hydroxycyclocitrinol (8), neocyclocitrinols B (10) and D (12), erythro-23-O-methylneocyclocitrinol (13), threo-23-O-methylneocyclocitrinol (14), isocyclocitrinol B (15), and precyclocitrinol B (18), and five known steroids, cyclocitrinol (2), neocyclocitrinols A (9) and C (11), isocyclocitrinol A (16), and 22-O-acetylisocyclocitrinol A (17), were characterized from cultures of the volcanic ash-derived fungus Penicillium citrinum HGY1-5. Their structures and absolute configurations were established by spectroscopic and chemical methods together with X-ray diffraction analysis. Compounds 3, 4, and 10- 14 were determined to be artifacts on the basis of acidic transformation of 1- 4. The biosynthetic origin of these steroids derived from ergosterol was investigated by feeding (13)C-labeled acetates to the growing cultures of P. citrinum HGY1-5. The biological activities of all 16 steroids were tested using the cAMP assay on GPR12-CHO and WT-CHO cells. The results showed that compounds 1, 2, 10, 11, and 14 could induce the production of cAMP in GPR12-transfected CHO cells.
Journal of Natural Products 08/2008; 71(8):1343-51. · 3.29 Impact Factor
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Six novel open-chain cytochalasins (1-6) and one known -cytochalasin (7) have been isolated from the fermentation broth of a marine-derived fungus, Spicaria elegans. Cytochalasins Z10-Z15 (1-6) are the first reported cytochalasins that contain an open chain to date. The structures of these new compounds were elucidated by spectroscopic methods. The cytotoxic effects on P388, A-549, HL-60, and BEL-7402 cell lines of all compounds were evaluated by the MTT method.
Journal of Natural Products 06/2008; 71(7):1127-32. · 3.29 Impact Factor
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Two new compounds, 4-(hydroxymethyl)-5-hydroxy-2H-pyran-2-one (1) and (5-hydroxy-2-oxo-2H-pyran-4-yl) methyl acetate (2), have been isolated from a marine-derived fungus Aspergillus flavus. Their structures were determined by spectroscopic data. Compound 1 induced the production of cAMP on GPR12 transfected CHO and HEK293 cells in a dose-dependent manner, which indicated 1 might be a possible ligand for GPR12.
The Journal of Antibiotics 05/2008; 61(4):245-9. · 2.19 Impact Factor
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: A new diketopiperazine alkaloid containing the uncommon amino acid L-7, 9-dihydroxy-8-methoxyphenylalanine (1), has been isolated from the algicolous Aspergillus flavus strain. The structure of 1 including the absolute stereochemistry was determined by spectroscopic data and chemical means. Compound 1 showed weak cytotoxicity against HL-60 cell lines with an IC50 value of 36.5 microg/ml.
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Four polyketides, leptosphaerone C (1), penicillenone (2), arugosin I (3) and 9-demethyl FR-901235 (4), as well as five known compounds, bacillosporin A (5), bacillosporin C (6), sequoiamonascin D (7), sequoiatone A (8), and sequoiatone B (9) were isolated from the Penicillium sp. JP-1, an endophytic fungus isolated from Aegiceras corniculatum. Their structures were determined by spectroscopic methods, mainly by 2D NMR spectroscopic analyses. Compound 1 showed cytotoxicity against A-549 cells with an IC50 value of 1.45 microM, while compound 2 showed cytotoxicity against P388 cells with an IC50 value of 1.38 microM.
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Chrysogenamide A (1), a new member of the macfortine group of alkaloids, along with four known compounds (2 approximately 5) were identified from Penicillium chrysogenum No. 005, an endophytic fungus associated with Cistanche deserticola Y. C. Ma. The new structure was elucidated on the basis of comprehensive spectral analysis. 1 exhibited a neurocyte protection effect against oxidative stress-induced cell death in SH-SY5Y cells.
The Journal of Antibiotics 03/2008; 61(2):81-5. · 2.19 Impact Factor
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Six new ergosterols, including 3beta-hydroxyl-(22E, 24R)-ergosta-5,8,22-trien-7,15-dione (1), 3beta-hydroxyl-(22E, 24R)-ergosta-5,8,14,22-tetraen-7-one (2), 3beta,15beta-dihydroxyl-(22E, 24R)-ergosta-5,8(14),22-trien-7-one (3), 3beta,15alpha-dihydroxyl-(22E, 24R)-ergosta-5,8(14),22-trien-7-one (4), 3beta-hydroxyl-(22E, 24R)-ergosta-5,8(14),22-trien-7,15-dione (5), and 5alpha,8alpha-epidioxy-23,24(R)-dimethylcholesta-6,9(11),22-trien-3beta-ol (6), have been isolated from the marine-derived fungus Rhizopus sp., along with four known ones (7-10). The structures of the new compounds were determined on the basis of extensive spectroscopic data. All compounds were evaluated for their cytotoxic activities on P388, A549, HL-60, and BEL-7420 cell lines by the MTT and SRB methods.
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Two new dimeric naphtho-gamma-pyrones, compounds 1 and 2, were isolated from the AcOEt extract of the fungal strain WZ-4-11 of Aspergillus carbonarius, together with eight known analogues, including 10,10'-bifonsecin B (3), 6'-O-demethylnigerone (4), nigerone (5), isonigerone (6), fonsecin (7), rubrofusarin B (8), TMC 256A1 (9), and flavasperone (10). Their structures were elucidated by means of UV, CD, IR, and 1D- and 2D-NMR spectroscopy, in combination with HR-MS analysis. The fully assigned (1)H- and (13)C-NMR data of 3, and the (13)C-NMR data of 6 are reported for the first time. Compounds 1 and 2 showed weak antimycobacterial activities against Mycobacterium tuberculosis H37Rv, with MIC values of 43.0 and 21.5 microM, resp.
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Nine new gentisyl alcohol derivatives, namely, the trimeric terrestrol A (8), dimeric terrestrols B-H (1-7), and a monomeric derivative (12), together with four known analogues (9-11, 13) were isolated from the marine-derived fungus Penicillium terrestre. The structures of the new compounds were elucidated by spectroscopic methods including one- and two-dimensional NMR as well as low- and high-resolution mass spectrometric analysis. These new compounds (1-8, 12) showed cytotoxic effects on HL-60, MOLT-4, BEL-7402, and A-549 cell lines with IC50 values in the range 5-65 microM. Compound 6 also showed moderate inhibitory activity against protein tyrosine kinases (Src and KDR). Furthermore, all new compounds exhibited moderate radical scavenging activity against DPPH with IC50 values in the range 2.6-8.5 microM.
Journal of Natural Products 02/2008; 71(1):66-70. · 3.29 Impact Factor
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Seven new prenylated indole diketopiperazine alkaloids, including compound 1, 3 spirotryprostatins C–E (2–4), 2 derivatives of fumitremorgin B (5 and 6), and 13-oxoverruculogen (7), have been isolated from the holothurian-derived fungus Aspergillus fumigatus, along with 12 known ones (8–19). The structures of the new compounds were determined on the basis of extensive spectroscopic data and amino acid analysis. All new compounds were evaluated for their cytotoxic activities on MOLT-4, A549, HL-60, and BEL-7420 cell lines by the MTT and SRB methods.
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Two new quinone type compounds, variecolorquinones A (1) and B (2) together with eleven known related compounds 3 approximately 13 have been isolated from the metabolites produced by the halotolerant fungal strain Aspergillus variecolor B-17. The structures of 1 and 2 were determined by spectroscopic methods. 1 exhibited selective cytotoxicity against A-549 cells with the IC50 values of 3.0 microM. 2 showed cytotoxicity against HL60 and P388 cells with the IC50 values of 1.3 and 3.7 microM, respectively.
The Journal of Antibiotics 11/2007; 60(10):603-7. · 2.19 Impact Factor