D Bennett

Università degli Studi di Siena, Siena, Tuscany, Italy

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Publications (4)9.36 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: Nitric oxide (NO) is a biomarker of nitrosative stress, which is involved in the pathogenesis of idiopathic interstitial pneumonias (IIP). This study evaluates exhaled NO levels in IIP patients and relates alveolar concentrations of NO (CalvNO) to pulmonary function test (PFT) and 6-minute walking test (6MWT) parameters. We measured fractional exhaled nitric oxide (FeNO), CalvNO and maximum conducting airway wall flux (J'awNO) in 30 healthy subjects and 30 patients with IIP (22 idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis and 8 idiopathic non-specific interstitial pneumonias). IIP patients had higher FeNO at flow rates of 50-100-150ml/sec and higher CalvNO levels than healthy controls (p<0.0001). CalvNO was significantly correlated with 6-minute walking distance (p<0.0001), recovery time (p<0.0005), TLC (p<0.001), FVC (p=0.01) and TLCO (p<0.01). IIP patients showed abnormal nitric oxide production, probably due to lung fibrosis and oxidative-mediated lung injury. CalvNO was correlated with PFT and 6MWT parameters and is proposed as a potential biomarker of lung fibrosis and exercise tolerance.
    Respiratory Physiology & Neurobiology 04/2014; · 2.05 Impact Factor
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    Respiration 01/2010; 79(5):437-8. · 2.92 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Oxidative stress is an imbalance between oxidants (reactive oxygen and nitrogen species) and antioxidants that may affect lipids, DNA, carbohydrates and proteins. The lung is continuously exposed to endogenous and exogenous oxidants (cigarette smoke, mineral dust, ozone, radiation). Reactive oxygen and nitrogen species are mainly produced by phagocytes as well as by polymorphonuclear, alveolar, bronchial and endothelial cells. A potential role of oxidative stress in the pathogenesis of diffuse lung diseases (particularly idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis) has been demonstrated. Increased oxidant levels and decreased antioxidant defences can contribute to the progression of idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis and other diffuse lung diseases. The growing number of papers on the different aspects of oxidant/antioxidant imbalance in diffuse lung diseases in the last decade reflects increasing interest in this topic and suggests that specific DLDs may be characterized by specific patterns of oxidation and antioxidant responses. The study of oxidative stress can provide insights into etiopathogenesis and favour the discovery of new treatments. In this review of the literature on oxidants and antioxidants in diffuse lung diseases, the focus is on idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis, sarcoidosis, pneumoconiosis and pulmonary fibrosis associated with systemic sclerosis.
    Respiratory medicine 06/2009; 103(9):1245-56. · 2.33 Impact Factor
  • Respiratory Physiology & Neurobiology 12/2008; 165(2-3):119-20; author reply 121-2. · 2.05 Impact Factor