Jennifer L Beebe-Dimmer

Henry Ford Health System, Detroit, Michigan, United States

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Publications (48)344.36 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: The survival of men diagnosed with prostate cancer has improved over time, and the current 10-year relative survival rate is 99.7%. The long survival of patients with this common cancer raises questions about the risk of a second primary cancer and the need for continued surveillance.
    Cancer 05/2014; · 5.20 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: A single nucleotide polymorphism, rs10486567, in JAZF1 has consistently been associated with increased risk of prostate cancer. The physical interaction of zinc finger proteins, such as JAZF1, with heavy metals may play a role in carcinogenesis. This study assessed potential gene-environment statistical interactions (G×E) between rs10486567 and heavy metals in prostate cancer. In a case-only study of 228 African American prostate cancer cases, G×E between rs10486567 and sources of cadmium and lead (Pb) were assessed. Unconditional logistic regression was used to estimate interaction odds ratios (IORs), and generalized estimating equations were used for models containing nested data. Case-control validation of IORs was performed, using 82 controls frequency matched to cases on age-race. Among cases, a potential G×E interaction was observed between rs10486567 CC genotype and living in a Census tract with a high proportion of housing built before 1950, a proxy for household Pb exposure, when compared to CT or TT carriers (OR 1.81; 95 % CI 1.04-3.16; p = 0.036). A stronger G×E interaction was observed when both housing and occupational Pb exposure were taken into account (OR 2.62; 95 % CI 1.03-6.68; p = 0.04). Case-control stratified analyses showed the odds of being a CC carrier were higher in cases compared to controls among men living in areas with older housing (OR 2.03; CI 0.99-4.19; p = 0.05) or having high occupational Pb exposure (OR 2.50; CI 1.01-6.18; p = 0.05). In African American men, the association between JAZF1 rs10486567 and prostate cancer may be modified by exposure to heavy metals such as Pb.
    Cancer Causes and Control 05/2014; · 3.20 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Black men have historically had higher blood lead levels than white men in the U.S. and have the highest incidence of prostate cancer in the world. Inorganic lead has been classified as a probable human carcinogen. Lead (Pb) inhibits delta-aminolevulinic acid dehydratase (ALAD), a gene recently implicated in other genitourinary cancers. The ALAD enzyme is involved in the second step of heme biosynthesis and is an endogenous inhibitor of the 26S proteasome, a master system for protein degradation and a current target of cancer therapy. Using a case-only study design, we assessed potential gene-environment (G × E) interactions between lifetime occupational Pb exposure and 11 tagSNPs within ALAD in black (N = 260) and white (N = 343) prostate cancer cases. Two ALAD tagSNPs in high linkage disequilibrium showed significant interaction with high Pb exposure among black cases (rs818684 interaction odds ratio or IOR = 2.73, 95% CI 1.43-5.22, P = 0.002; rs818689 IOR = 2.20, 95% CI 1.15-4.21, P = 0.017) and an additional tagSNP, rs2761016, showed G × E interaction with low Pb exposure (IOR = 2.08, 95% CI 1.13-3.84, P = 0.019). Further, the variant allele of rs818684 was associated with a higher Gleason grade in those with high Pb exposure among both blacks (OR 3.96, 95% CI 1.01-15.46, P = 0.048) and whites (OR 2.95, 95% CI 1.18-7.39, P = 0.020). Genetic variation in ALAD may modify associations between Pb and prostate cancer. Additional studies of ALAD, Pb, and prostate cancer are warranted and should include black men. Prostate. © 2014 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.
    The Prostate 02/2014; 74(6). · 3.57 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: To determine the prevalence and clinical correlates of the G84E mutation in the homeobox transcription factor (or HOXB13) gene using DNA samples from 9,559 men with prostate cancer undergoing radical prostatectomy. DNA samples from men treated with radical prostatectomy at the University of Michigan and John Hopkins University were genotyped for G84E and confirmed by Sanger sequencing. The frequency and distribution of this allele was determined according to specific patient characteristics (family history, age at diagnosis, pathologic Gleason grade and stage). 128 of 9,559 patients were heterozygous carriers of G84E (1.3%). Patients who possessed the variant were more likely to have a family history of prostate cancer (46.0% vs. 35.4% p=0.006). G84E carriers were also more likely diagnosed at a younger age compared to non-carriers (55.2 years vs. 58.1 years; p<0.0001). No difference in the proportion of patients diagnosed with high-grade or advanced stage tumors by carrier status was observed. In our study, carriers of the rare G84E variant in HOXB13 were both younger at the time of diagnosis and more likely to have a family history of prostate cancer compared to homozygotes for the wild-type allele. No significant differences in allele frequency were detected according to select clinical characteristics of prostate cancer. Further investigation is required to evaluate the role of HOXB13 in prostate carcinogenesis.
    BJU International 10/2013; · 3.13 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Our objective is to provide a current perspective on the avoidable causes of global and US cancer incidence and mortality. Cancer registry-based incidence patterns, population behavioral risk-factor survey data, and systematic reviews of epidemiologic studies are the basis for estimates of relative risk, the prevalence of exposures to various lifestyle and environmental risk factors, and their impact expressed as population attributable fractions (PAFs). Of the total 59 million global deaths in 2008, 12-13% were attributed to cancer. The increasing burden of cancers in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs) is attributable in part to increasing urbanization, expansion of the adult population at risk, and increasing or persistent exposures to infectious agents, tobacco, and dietary deficiencies. Attributable fractions for lifestyle and environmental risk factors are summarized for the United States, the United Kingdom, and France. Assuming minimal overlap in the distribution of risk factors in the population and discounting the potential for interaction in their combined effects, we estimate that a maximum of 60% of cancer deaths in the United States may be attributed to eight risk factors: tobacco, alcohol, ionizing and solar radiations, occupations, infectious agents, obesity, and physical inactivity.
    Annual Review of Public Health 03/2013; 34:97-117. · 3.27 Impact Factor
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    Jennifer L Beebe-Dimmer, Stephen J Freedland
    BJU International 02/2013; · 3.13 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: To investigate whether renal cell carcinoma (RCC) histologic subtypes possess different etiologies, we conducted analyses of established RCC risk factors by subtype (clear cell, papillary, chromophobe) in two case-control studies conducted in the United States (1,217 cases, 1,235 controls) and Europe (1,097 cases, 1,476 controls). Histology was ascertained for 706 U.S. cases (58% of total) and 917 European cases (84%) through a central slide review conducted by a single pathologist. For the remaining cases, histology was abstracted from the original diagnostic pathology report. Case-only analyses were performed to compute odds ratios (ORs) and 95% confidence intervals (CI) summarizing subtype differences by age, sex, and race. Case-control analyses were performed to compute subtype-specific ORs for other risk factors using polytomous regression. In case-only analyses, papillary cases (N=237) were older (OR=1.2, 95% CI=1.1-1.4 per 10-year increase), less likely to be female (OR=0.5, 95 % CI=0.4- 0.8) and more likely to be black (OR=2.6, 95% CI=1.8-3.9) compared to clear cell cases (N=1,524). In case-control analyses, BMI was associated with clear cell (OR=1.2, 95% CI=1.1-1.3 per 5kg/m(2) increase) and chromophobe RCC (N=80; OR=1.2, 95% CI=1.1- 1.4), but not papillary RCC (OR=1.1, 95% CI=1.0-1.2; test vs. clear cell, P=0.006). No subtype differences were observed for associations with smoking, hypertension or family history of kidney cancer. Our findings support the existence of distinct age, sex and racial distributions for RCC subtypes, and suggest that the obesity-RCC association differs by histology. © 2012 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.
    International Journal of Cancer 11/2012; · 6.20 Impact Factor
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    R Asmar, J L Beebe-Dimmer, K Korgavkar, G R Keele, K A Cooney
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    ABSTRACT: Background:The metabolic syndrome (MetS) comprises a constellation of risk factors associated with an increased risk for cardiovascular disease. Components of MetS have emerged as putative risk factors for prostate carcinoma. In this study, we examine the association between three features of the MetS (obesity, hypertension and diabetes) and the risk of biochemical recurrence (BCR) after radical prostatectomy (RP).Methods:We examined data from 1428 men in the University of Michigan Prostate Cancer Data Bank who elected to have RP as their primary treatment. We calculated body mass index from patients' weight and height measured at the time of prostate cancer diagnosis. We used the University of Michigan's Electronic Medical Record Search Engine to identify subjects with hypertension and/or diabetes before their prostate cancer diagnosis.Results:Of 1428 men who underwent RP, 107 (8%) subsequently developed BCR with a median length of follow-up post-surgery of 3.6 years. Obesity and hypertension were each associated with an increased risk of BCR (adjusted hazard ratio (aHR)=1.37; 95% CI 0.92-2.09 and aHR=1.51, 95% CI 1.01-2.26), whereas no association was observed between diabetes and BCR (aHR=0.73; 95% CI 0.40-1.33).Conclusions:Obesity and hypertension were each associated with an increased risk for BCR of prostate cancer after RP, independent of age at diagnosis and tumor pathological features. Given the increasing rates of obesity, hypertension and prostate cancer, a better understanding of the relationship between these entities is of significant public health importance. Elucidation of the involved pathogenic mechanisms will be needed to establish causality.Prostate Cancer and Prostatic Disease advance online publication, 21 August 2012; doi:10.1038/pcan.2012.32.
    Prostate cancer and prostatic diseases 08/2012; · 2.10 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Ingestion of groundwater with high concentrations of inorganic arsenic has been linked to adverse health outcomes, including bladder cancer, however studies have not consistently observed any elevation in risk at lower concentrations. Genetic variability in the metabolism and clearance of arsenic is an important consideration in any investigation of its potential health risks. Therefore, we examined the association between genes thought to play a role in the metabolism of arsenic and bladder cancer. Single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in GSTO-1, As3MT and MTHFR were genotyped using DNA from 219 bladder cancer cases and 273 controls participating in a case-control study in Southeastern Michigan and exposed to low to moderate (<50 μg/L) levels of arsenic in their drinking water. A time-weighted measure of arsenic exposure was constructed using measures from household water samples combined with past residential history, geocoded and merged with archived arsenic data predicted from multiple resources. While no single SNP in As3MT was significantly associated with bladder cancer overall, several SNPs were associated with bladder cancer among those exposed to higher arsenic levels. Individuals with one or more copies of the C allele in rs11191439 (the Met287Thr polymorphism) had an elevated risk of bladder cancer (OR = 1.17; 95% CI = 1.04-1.32 per 1 μg/L increase in average exposure). However, no association was observed between average arsenic exposure and bladder cancer among TT homozygotes in the same SNP. Bladder cancer cases were also 60% less likely to be homozygotes for the A allele in rs1476413 in MTHFR compared to controls (OR = 0.40; 95% CI = 0.18-0.88). Variation in As3MT and MTHFR is associated with bladder cancer among those exposed to relatively low concentrations of inorganic arsenic. Further investigation is warranted to confirm these findings.
    Environmental Health 06/2012; 11:43. · 2.71 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Background: Obesity is a risk factor for renal cell (or renal) cancer. The increasing prevalence of obesity may be contributing to the rising incidence of this cancer over the past several decades. The effects of early-age obesity and change in body mass index (BMI) on renal cancer have been studied less thoroughly, and the influence of race has never been formally investigated. Methods: Using data gathered as part of a large case-control study of renal cancer (1214 cases and 1234 controls), we investigated associations with BMI at several time points, as well as with height. Adjusted odds ratios (ORs) and 95% confidence intervals (CIs) were computed using logistic regression modeling. Race-and sex-stratified analyses were conducted to evaluate subgroup differences. Results: Obesity (BMI ≥ 30kg/m²) early in adulthood (OR = 1.6 [95% CI = 1.1 to 2.4]) and 5 years before diagnosis (1.6 [1.1 to 2.2]) was associated with renal cancer. The association with early-adult obesity was stronger among whites than blacks (test for interaction, P = 0.006), whereas the association with obesity near diagnosis was marginally stronger in women than men (test for interaction, P = 0.08). The strongest association with renal cancer was observed for obese whites both in early adulthood and before interview (2.6 [1.5 to 4.4]); this association was not present among blacks. Estimates of the annual excess rate of renal cancer (per 100,000 persons) attributed to both overweight and obesity (BMI > 25 kg/m²) ranged from 9.9 among black men to 5.6 among white women. Conclusion: Obesity, both early and later in life, is associated with an increased risk of renal cancer. The association with early obesity seems to be stronger among whites than blacks.
    Epidemiology 01/2012; 23(6):821-828. · 6.18 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Fractures are a recognized consequence of androgen deprivation therapy (ADT); however, less is known about the incidence of fracture in relation to the timing of ADT use or the impact of fracture on mortality in men with prostate cancer. Using data from the Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results-Medicare linked database, we estimated adjusted hazard ratios (aHRs) using time-dependent Cox regression for fracture incidence related to the recency of exposure and dose among prostate cancer patients on gonadotropin-releasing hormone (GnRH) agonists, as well as mortality associated with fractures. In our cohort of 80 844 patients, ADT was associated with an increased rate of fracture in both non-metastatic patients (aHR = 1.34; 95% confidence interval [CI] = 1.29-1.39) and metastatic patients (aHR = 1.51; 95%CI = 1.36-1.67). Fracture rates increased with increasing cumulative GnRH dose but decreased with increasing number of months since last use in each dose category. The mortality rate doubled for men experiencing a fracture after their diagnosis compared with that for men who did not experience a fracture (aHR = 2.05; 95%CI = 1.98-2.12). ADT in elderly men with prostate cancer increased the incidence of fractures, and the effect appears to diminish with increasing time since the last dose of a GnRH agonist. Experiencing a fracture after the diagnosis of prostate cancer was associated with decreased survival.
    Pharmacoepidemiology and Drug Safety 11/2011; 21(1):70-8. · 2.90 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: In humans, genetic variation and dietary factors may alter the biological effects of exposure to 2-amino-1-methyl-6-phenylimidazo[4,5-b]pyridine (PhIP), one of the major heterocyclic amines generated from cooking meats at high temperatures that has carcinogenic potential through the formation of DNA adducts. Previously, we reported grilled red meat consumption associated with PhIP-DNA adduct levels in human prostate. In this study, we expanded our investigation to estimate the associations between beverage consumption and PhIP-DNA adduct levels in prostate for 391 prostate cancer cases. Of the 15 beverages analyzed, red wine consumption had the strongest association with PhIP-DNA adduct levels showing an inverse correlation in both tumor (P = 0.006) and nontumor (P = 0.002) prostate cells. Red wine consumption was significantly lower in African American compared with white cases, but PhIP-DNA adduct levels in prostate did not vary by race. In African Americans compared with whites, however, associations between red wine consumption and PhIP-DNA adduct levels were not as strong as associations with specific (e.g., SULT1A1 and UGT1A10 genotypes) and nonspecific (e.g., African ancestry) genetic variation. In a multivariable model, the covariate for red wine consumption explained a comparable percentage (13%-16%) of the variation in PhIP-DNA adduct levels in prostate across the two racial groups, but the aforementioned genetic factors explained 33% of the PhIP-DNA adduct variation in African American cases, whereas only 19% of the PhIP-DNA adduct variation in whites. We conclude that red wine consumption may counteract biological effects of PhIP exposure in human prostate, but genetic factors may play an even larger role, particularly in African Americans.
    Cancer Prevention Research 08/2011; 4(10):1636-44. · 4.89 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Men who have a brother with prostate cancer have a 2-fold increased risk of being diagnosed with prostate cancer. Strategies employed by these men to reduce prostate cancer risk are not well understood. Preliminary studies have shown that men with a family history of prostate cancer have a high rate of vitamin and supplement usage aimed at the prevention of prostate cancer. The authors analyzed data from a cross-sectional study of men with familial and hereditary prostate cancer and their unaffected brothers. A total of 542 unaffected men who had at least one brother who had been diagnosed with prostate cancer regarding their use of vitamins and supplements, as well as the motivation for use, were interviewed. The associations between subject characteristics and vitamin and supplement use were evaluated using an unconditional logistic regression modeling approach. Overall, 59.2% and 36.5% of men reported ever using and currently using, respectively, one or more vitamins or supplements (including multivitamins). One third of men took a vitamin or supplement that has been targeted for prostate health or cancer prevention, including green tea, magnesium, male hormones, saw palmetto, selenium, soy, vitamins A, C, E, and zinc. Increasing age at time of survey was associated with vitamin/supplement use (odds ratio [OR] = 1.03; 95% confidence interval [CI] = 1.01-1.05). After adjusting for age at time of survey, being younger than an affected brother was associated with vitamin and supplement use (OR = 1.51; 95% CI = 1.01-2.25). A total of 25% of men reported obtaining information from books or articles as the most common source of information. The findings indicate that men at an increased risk for prostate cancer report a high rate of vitamin and supplement use, including supplements targeted for prostate cancer prevention. Men with a family history of prostate cancer represent a target population for future chemopreventative agents.
    Integrative Cancer Therapies 08/2011; 11(2):83-9. · 2.01 Impact Factor
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    Jennifer Beebe-Dimmer, Vahakn Shahinian
    Cancer 04/2011; 117(20):4576-8. · 5.20 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: DNA methylation is an indicator of the initiation of prostate carcinogenesis and as such has utility as a marker of risk in pathologically negative prostate tissue samples. We conducted a matched case-control study nested in a historical cohort of over 6,000 men with pathologically benign prostate specimens identified between January 1991 and November 2002 with no previous history of prostate cancer. Eligible cases were diagnosed with prostate cancer at least one year after cohort entry. Controls were selected through incidence density sampling and matched to cases on date and age at cohort entry, race, and type of specimen. In 310 matched prostate cancer case-control pairs (65% white; 35% African American), we assayed the DNA of the benign prostate specimen for presence of methylation in a five-gene panel (APC, RARB, CCND2, RASSF1, MGMT) and then estimated the risk of developing prostate cancer associated with methylation at each gene for the whole sample and stratified by race. Overall, methylation of RARB had the strongest association with prostate cancer risk (HR = 1.94; 95% CI = 1.30 - 2.91). In race-stratified analyses, the majority of the increased risk associated with RARB was found in the African-American sample (HR = 3.40; 95% CI = 1.68-6.88). In addition, APC was also associated with increased risk for prostate cancer in the African-American sample (HR = 2.17; 95% CI = 1.09-4.29). In a model that included both genes, only RARB remained statistically significantly associated with prostate cancer (HR = 3.14; 95% CI = 1.54-6.44). In whites, methylation was not associated with prostate cancer for any of the five genes assayed. In summary, positive methylation status at RARB and APC in pathologically benign prostate is associated with significant increased risk for subsequent prostate cancer, but primarily in African-American men. Whether this race-specific risk is due to racial differences in environmental stimuli and/or biology is unclear, but further study of DNA methylation in the earliest stages of prostate carcinogenesis may help explain the disproportionate burden of this disease among African-American men.
    Cancer Epidemiology Biomarkers & Prevention 04/2011; 20(4):718. · 4.56 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The side-effects associated with androgen deprivation therapy (ADT) include weight gain, dyslipidemia, and insulin resistance. As cataracts have been linked to these metabolic abnormalities, an increased risk of cataract may be another adverse consequence of ADT use. Using data from the Surveillance, Epidemiology and End Results-Medicare database, we estimated risk of cataract associated with ADT among 65,852 prostate-cancer patients. ADT treatment was defined as at least one dose of a gonadotropin-releasing hormone agonist or orchiectomy within 6 months after prostate cancer diagnosis. The outcome measure was a first claim of cataract diagnosis identified in Medicare claim files. Cox regression was used to estimate hazard ratios (HR) for the effects of ADT treatment, controlling for confounders. Gonadotropin-releasing hormone agonist use was associated with a modest increase in cataract incidence (HR 1.09, 95% confidence interval 1.06-1.12). Orchiectomy was also associated with an increased risk of cataract among men with no history of cataract prior to prostate cancer diagnosis (HR 1.26, 95% confidence interval 1.07-1.47). In the first systematic investigation of the association between ADT and cataract, our results suggest an elevation in the incidence of cataract among ADT users. Further study, preferably prospective in design, is needed to provide additional evidence to support or refute these findings.
    Annals of epidemiology 03/2011; 21(3):156-63. · 2.95 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: As an evolutionary response to prevent malaria infection, most Africans do not express the Duffy Antigen/Receptor for Chemokines (DARC) on their red blood cells. Results from experimental studies suggest that DARC expression inhibits prostate-tumor growth. We tested the hypothesis that men of African descent who lack DARC expression are at increased risk of prostate cancer. A case-control study involving 81 age-matched pairs was conducted in Jamaica. Participants were interviewed to collect data, and they donated blood for determination of DARC expression. Logistic regression was used to estimate associations with prostate cancer and aggressive disease. Little or no association was observed between erythrocyte DARC expression and prostate cancer or between DARC expression and aggressive disease. These associations changed little when adjusting for other potential confounders. Our results do not support an effect of erythrocyte DARC expression on the risk or progression of prostate cancer in men of African descent.
    Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health 02/2011; 13(1):36-41. · 1.16 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Metabolic syndrome refers to a set of conditions that increases the risk of cardiovascular disease and has been associated with an increased risk of prostate cancer, particularly among African American men. This study aimed to estimate the association of metabolic syndrome with biochemical recurrence (BCR) in a racially diverse population. Among 383 radical prostatectomy patients, 67 patients had documented biochemical recurrence. Hypertension was significantly, positively associated with the rate of BCR (hazard ratio (HR) = 2.1; 95%  CI = 1.1, 3.8). There were distinct racial differences in the prevalence of individual metabolic syndrome components; however, the observed associations with BCR did not differ appreciably by race. We conclude that hypertension may contribute to a poorer prognosis in surgically treated prostate cancer patients. Our findings suggest that targeting components of the metabolic syndrome which are potentially modifiable through lifestyle interventions may be a viable strategy to reduce risk of BCR in prostate cancer.
    Prostate cancer. 01/2011; 2011:245642.
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    J L Beebe-Dimmer, K A Zuhlke, A M Ray, E M Lange, K A Cooney
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    ABSTRACT: Adiponectin is a protein derived from adipose tissue suspected to have an important role in prostate carcinogenesis. Variants in the adiponectin gene (ADIPOQ) and its type 1 receptor (ADIPOR1) have been recently linked to risk of both breast and colorectal cancer. Therefore, we set out to examine the relationship between polymorphisms in these genes, obesity and prostate cancer in study of African-American men. Ten single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in ADIPOQ and ADIPOR1 were genotyped in DNA samples from 131 African-American prostate cancer cases and 344 controls participating in the Flint Men's Health Study. Logistic regression was then used to estimate their association with prostate cancer and obesity. While no significant associations were detected between any of the tested SNPs and prostate cancer, the rs1501299 SNP in ADIPOQ was significantly associated with body mass (P=0.03). Genetic variation in ADIPOQ and ADIPOR1 did not predict risk of prostate cancer in this study of African-American men. However, the rs1501299 SNP in ADIPOQ was associated with obesity. Further investigation is warranted to determine if racial differences exist in the influence of the adiponectin pathway on prostate cancer risk.
    Prostate cancer and prostatic diseases 12/2010; 13(4):362-8. · 2.10 Impact Factor
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    Urology 06/2010; 75(6):1404-1405. · 2.13 Impact Factor

Publication Stats

1k Citations
344.36 Total Impact Points


  • 2014
    • Henry Ford Health System
      • Department of Public Health Sciences
      Detroit, Michigan, United States
  • 2009–2014
    • Wayne State University
      • Department of Internal Medicine
      Detroit, Michigan, United States
    • Case Western Reserve University
      • Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics
      Cleveland, OH, United States
  • 2008–2014
    • Karmanos Cancer Institute
      Detroit, Michigan, United States
  • 2004–2012
    • University of Michigan
      • • Department of Internal Medicine
      • • Department of Epidemiology
      • • Department of Human Genetics
      • • Department of Urology
      Ann Arbor, MI, United States
  • 2006–2008
    • University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill
      • Department of Genetics
      Chapel Hill, NC, United States
  • 2003–2006
    • Concordia University–Ann Arbor
      Ann Arbor, Michigan, United States