Qiang Meng

Dalian Medical University, Lü-ta-shih, Liaoning, China

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Publications (51)128.28 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: Carbon tetrachloride (CCl4)-induced hepatotoxicity is a common syndrome with simultaneous severe hepatocyte death and acute cholestasis. The purpose of the present study is to investigate the hepatoprotective effect of alisol B 23-acetate (AB23A), a natural triterpenoid from edible botanical Rhizoma alismatis, on acute hepatotoxicity induced by CCl4 in mice, and further to elucidate the involvement of farnesoid X receptor (FXR), signal transducers and activators of transcription 3 (STAT3) in the hepatoprotective effect. H&E staining, BrdU immunohistochemistry and TUNEL assay were used to identify the amelioration of histopathological changes, hepatocyte proliferation and apoptosis. Real-time PCR and western blot assay were used to elucidate the mechanisms underlying AB23A hepatoprotection. The results indicated that AB23A treatment in a dose-dependent manner resulted in protection against hepatotoxicity induced by CCl4via FXR activation. Through FXR activation, AB23A promoted hepatocyte proliferation via an induction in hepatic levels of FoxM1b, Cyclin D1 and Cyclin B1. AB23A also reduced hepatic bile acids through a decrease in hepatic uptake transporter Ntcp, bile acid synthetic enzymes Cyp7a1, Cyp8b1, and an increase in efflux transporter Bsep, Mrp2 expression. In addition, AB23A induced the expression of STAT3 phosphorylation, and STAT3 target genes Bcl-xl and SOCS3, resulting in decreased hepatocyte apoptosis. In conclusion, AB23A produces a protective effect against CCl4-induced hepatotoxicity, due to FXR and STAT3-mediated gene regulation.
    Food & Function 03/2015; DOI:10.1039/c5fo00082c · 2.91 Impact Factor
  • Qiang Meng, Kexin Liu
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    ABSTRACT: Herbal medicines have been widely used for thousands of years, and now are gaining continued popularity worldwide as a complementary or alternative treatment for a variety of diseases, rehabilitation and health care. Since herbal medicines contain more than one pharmacologically active ingredient and are commonly used with many prescribed drugs, there are potential herb-drug interactions. A variety of reported herb-drug interactions are of pharmacokinetic origin, arising from the effects of herbal medicines on metabolic enzymes and/or transporters. Such an alteration in metabolism or transport can result in changes in absorption, distribution, metabolism, and excretion (e.g., induction or inhibition of metabolic enzymes, and modulation of uptake and efflux transporters), leading to changed pharmacokinetics of the concomitantly prescribed drugs. Pharmacokinetic herb-drug interactions have more clinical significance as pharmacokinetic parameters such as the area under the plasma concentration-time curve (AUC), the maximum plasma concentration (Cmax) or the elimination half-life (t1/2) of the concomitant drug alter. This review summarizes the mechanism underlying herb-drug interactions and the approaches to identify the interactions, and discusses pharmacokinetic interactions of eight widely used herbal medicines (Ginkgo biloba, ginseng, garlic, black cohosh, Echinacea, milk thistle, kava, and St. John's wort) with conventional drugs, using various in vitro, animal in vivo, and clinical studies. The increasing understanding of pharmacokinetic herb-drug interactions will make health care professionals and patients pay more attention to the potential interactions.
    Current Drug Metabolism 02/2015; 15(8). · 3.49 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: We aimed to elucidate whether entecavir was taken-up into liver by transporters and clarify the possible molecular mechanisms of changes in the distribution of entecavir in rat liver fibrosis. Thioacetamide (TAA) was applied to induce rat liver fibrosis. Samples of liver uptake index (LUI) study and uptake of entecavir in isolated rat hepatocytes were determined by LC-MS/MS. qRT-PCR and western blotting were used to examine the expression of transporters in rat liver. The uptake of entecavir in hepatocytes was significantly higher at 37 °C compared to 4 °C. Furthermore, TEA and PAH could inhibit significantly the uptake of entecavir by the hepatocytes. It indicated that Oat2 and Oct1 were contributed to uptake of entecavir. Compared with control group, LUI and the uptake of entecavir, PAH and TEA in hepatocytes were significantly reduced in liver fibrosis group. Further study indicated that entecavir Vmax in liver fibrosis group was significantly decreased while the Km was not changed. These results indicated that transport capacity TAA treated isolated rat liver hepatocytes were reduced. Oat2 and Oct1 expressions were down-regulated and Mrp1/2/3/5 mRNA expressions were up-regulated in liver fibrosis group. The changes of these transporters were contributed to decrease liver distribution of entecavir. Copyright © 2015. Published by Elsevier B.V.
    European journal of pharmaceutical sciences: official journal of the European Federation for Pharmaceutical Sciences 02/2015; DOI:10.1016/j.ejps.2015.02.010 · 2.61 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Intrahepatic cholestasis is a clinical syndrome with systemic and intrahepatic accumulation of excessive toxic bile acids that ultimately cause hepatobiliary injury. Appropriate regulation of bile acids in hepatocytes is critically important for protection against liver injury. In the present study, we characterized the protective effect of alisol B 23-acetate (AB23A), a natural triterpenoid, on alpha-naphthylisothiocyanate (ANIT)-induced liver injury and intrahepatic cholestasis in mice and further elucidated the mechanisms in vivo and in vitro. AB23A treatment dose-dependently protected against liver injury induced by ANIT through reducing hepatic uptake and increasing efflux of bile acid via down-regulation of hepatic uptake transporters (Ntcp) and up-regulation of efflux transporter (Bsep, Mrp2 and Mdr2) expression. Furthermore, AB23A reduced bile acid synthesis through repressing Cyp7a1 and Cyp8b1, increased bile acid conjugation through inducing Bal, Baat and bile acid metabolism through an induction in gene expression of Sult2a1. We further demonstrate the involvement of farnesoid X receptor (FXR) in the hepatoprotective effect of AB23A. The changes in transporters and enzymes, as well as ameliorative liver histology in AB23A-treated mice were abrogated by FXR antagonist guggulsterone in vivo. In vitro evidences also directly demonstrated the effect of AB23A on FXR activation in a dose-dependent manner using luciferase reporter assay in HepG2 cells. In conclusion, AB23A produces protective effect against ANIT-induced hepatotoxity and cholestasis, due to FXR-mediated regulation of transporters and enzymes.
    Toxicology and Applied Pharmacology 02/2015; 283(3). DOI:10.1016/j.taap.2015.01.020 · 3.98 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Alpha-lipoic acid (ALA), a naturally occurring compound and dietary supplement, has been established as a potent antioxidant that is a strong scavenger of free radicals. Recently, accumulating evidences has indicated the relationship between oxidative stress and osteoporosis. Some studies have investigated the possible beneficial effects of ALA on osteoporosis both in vivo and in vitro; however, the precise mechanism(s) underlying the bone-protective action of ALA remains unclear. Considering this, we focused on the anti-oxidative capacity of ALA to exert bone-protective effects in vitro and in vivo. In the present study, the effects of ALA on osteoblastic formation in H2O2-treated MC3T3-E1 pre-osteoblasts and ovariectomy (OVX)-induced bone loss in rats were investigated. The results showed that ALA promoted osteoblast differentiation, mineralization and maturation and inhibited osteoblast apoptosis, thus increasing the OPG/RANKL ratio and leading to enhanced bone formation in vitro and inhibited bone loss in vivo. Further study revealed that ALA exerted its bone-protective effects by inhibiting reactive oxygen species (ROS) generation by down-regulating Nox4 gene expression and protein synthesis and attenuating the transcriptional activation of NF-κB. In addition, ALA might exert its bone-protective effects by activating the Wnt/Lrp5/β-catenin signaling pathway. Taken together, the present study indicated that ALA promoted osteoblastic formation in H2O2-treated MC3T3-E1 cells and prevented OVX-induced bone loss in rats by regulating Nox4/ROS/NF-κB and Wnt/Lrp5/β-catenin signaling pathways, which provided possible mechanisms of bone-protective effects in regulating osteoblastic formation and preventing bone loss. Taken together, the results suggest that ALA may a candidate for clinical osteoporosis treatment. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved
    Journal of Cellular Physiology 02/2015; DOI:10.1002/jcp.24947 · 3.87 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: A simple and rapid liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry (LC-MS/MS) method for the simultaneous determination of JBP485, Gly-Sar and JBP923 in the cell lysates using methanol as a deproteinization solvent was developed and validated. Detection was performed by turbo ionspray ionization in multiple reaction monitoring mode using the transitions of m/z 147.1 → m/z 90.1 for Gly-Sar, m/z 201.1 → m/z 86.1 for JBP485, m/z 219.1 → m/z 86.1 for JBP923 and m/z 152.0 → m/z 110.0 for paracetamol (internal standard). The analytes were separated on a Hypersil ODS C18 HPLC column using isocratic elution mode with a mobile phase containing 0.1% formic acid in water-methanol (97:3, v/v) at a flow rate of 0.2 mL/min. The calibration curves were demonstrated to be linear over the concentration range of 5.00-5000 nm with coefficient of 0.9968 for Gly-Sar, 0.9975 for JBP485 and 0.9952 for JBP923. The intra- and inter-day precisions were <10.2% for each quality contro; level, and the accuracy was within ±5.6% for each analyte. The matrix effect, the extraction recovery and stabilities of LC-MS/MS analysis were also investigated. This validated method was successfully applied to the simultaneous determination of JBP485, Gly-Sar and JBP923 in the cell lysates for identification of stably transfected HeLa cells with human PEPT1. Copyright © 2014 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
    Biomedical Chromatography 12/2014; 28(12). DOI:10.1002/bmc.3228 · 1.95 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Abstract Multidrug resistance (MDR) is one of the major obstacles to the efficiency of cancer chemotherapy, which often results from the overexpression of drug efflux transporters such as P-glycoprotein (P-gp). In the present study, we determined the effect of dasatinib which was approved for imatinib resistant chronic myelogenous leukemia (CML) and (Ph+) acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) treatment on P-gp-mediated MDR. Our results showed that dasatinib significantly increased the sensitivity of P-gp-overexpressing MCF-7/Adr cells to doxorubicin in MTT assays; thus lead to an enhanced cytotoxicity of doxorubicin in MCF-7/Adr cells. Additionally, dasatinib increased the intracellular accumulation, inhibited the efflux of doxorubicin in MCF-7/Adr cells, and significantly enhanced doxorubicin-induced apoptosis in MCF-7/Adr cells. Further studies showed that dasatinib altered the expression levels of mRNA, protein levels of P-gp, and the phosphorylation of signal-regulated kinase (ERK) both in time-dependent (before 24 h) and dose-dependent manners at concentrations that produced MDR reversals. In conclusion, dasatinib reverses P-gp-mediated MDR by downregulating P-gp expression, which may be partly attributed to the inhibition of ERK pathway. Dasatinib may play an important role in circumventing MDR when combined with other conventional antineoplastic drugs.
    Cancer biology & therapy 11/2014; 16(1). DOI:10.4161/15384047.2014.987062 · 3.29 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: In the development of atherosclerosis, naringin has exhibited potential protective effects. However, the specific mechanisms are not clearly understood. The aim of this trial was to determine the anti-oxidative and anti-inflammatory effects of naringin and uncover the mechanisms in Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha (TNF-α) induced Human Umbilical Vein Endothelial Cells (HUVECs). Reactive Oxygen Species (ROS) were measured by flow cytometry assay. The levels of NADPH oxidase 4 (Nox4), p22phox, intercellular adhesion molecule-1 (ICAM-1) and vascular cell adhesion molecule-1 (VCAM-1) over-expressions were measured by qRT-PCR and Western blotting analyses. Activation of Phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase/Akt (PI3K/Akt) and Nuclear Factor-κB (NF-κB) was evaluated by Western blotting. Naringin inhibited ROS production as well as over-expression levels of Nox4, p22phox induced by TNF-α. Naringin inhibited TNF-α induced mRNA and protein over-expressions of ICAM-1 and VCAM-1. Naringin also suppressed activation of NF-κB and PI3K/Akt signaling pathways. These results indicated the preventive effects of naringin on HUVECs injury caused by oxidative stress and inflammation response and the effects might be obtained via inhibition of Nox4 and NF-κB pathways as well as activation of PI3K/Akt pathway. Naringin may be useful in preventing endothelial dysfunction, therefore to ameliorate the development of atherosclerosis.
    Current Pharmaceutical Biotechnology 11/2014; DOI:10.2174/1389201015666141111114442 · 2.51 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Liver resection has become a common treatment for liver tumors and hepatocellular carcinoma over the past decades. However, after surgery, the remnant livers in some patients fail to regenerate. Therefore, there is an urgent medical need to develop drugs that can promote liver regeneration. The purpose of the current study is to investigate the promotive effect of alisol B 23-acetate (AB23A) on liver regeneration in mice following partial hepatectomy (PH), and further elucidate the involvement of farnesoid X receptor (FXR) in the liver regeneration-promotive effect using in vivo and in vitro experiments. The results showed that AB23A dose-dependently promoted hepatocyte proliferation via upregulating hepatocyte proliferation-related protein forkhead box M1b (FoxM1b), Cyclin D1 and Cyclin B1 expression, and attenuated liver injury via an inhibition in Cyp7a1 and an induction in efflux transporters Bsep expression resulting in reduced hepatic bile acid levels. These changes in the genes, as well as accelerated liver regeneration in AB23A-treated mice were abrogated by FXR antagonist guggulsterone in vivo. In vitro evidences also directly showed the regulation of these genes by AB23A was abrogated when FXR was silenced. Luciferase reporter assay in HepG2 cells and molecular docking further demonstrated the effect of AB23A on FXR activation in vitro. In conclusions, AB23A produces promotive effect on liver regeneration, due to FXR-mediated regulation of genes involved in hepatocyte proliferation and hepato-protection. AB23A has the potential to be a novel therapeutic option for facilitating efficient liver regeneration in patients subjected to liver resection.
    Biochemical Pharmacology 09/2014; DOI:10.1016/j.bcp.2014.09.009 · 4.65 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Investigating the hepatoprotective effect of calycosin against acute liver injury in association with FXR activation and STAT3 phosphorylation.
    Pharmaceutical Research 08/2014; DOI:10.1007/s11095-014-1483-3 · 3.95 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The purpose of the present study was to elucidate the transporter-mediated pharmacokinetics mechanism of drug-drug interactions (DDI) between bestatin and cefixime. The plasma concentrations and bioavailabilities of bestatin and cefixime were decreased after oral co-administration in rats. The uptake in rat everted intestinal sacs of bestatin and cefixime were dramatically declined after co-administration of the two drugs. Bestatin and cefixime can mutually competitively inhibit the uptake by hPEPT1-HeLa cells. The plasma concentrations of bestatin and cefixime were increased; however, the cumulative biliary excretion had no significant change, and the cumulative urinary excretion and renal clearance of the two drugs in rats decreased after intravenous coadministration. Moreover, decreased uptake of the two drugs was observed in human kidney slices, rat kidney slices and hOAT1/hOAT3-transfected HEK293 cells when bestatin and cefixime were coadministered. The accumulation of bestatin and cefixime in kidney slices can be inhibited by p-aminohippuate, benzylpenicillin and probencid, but not by tetraethyl ammonium. The results suggest that intestinal absorption and renal excretion of bestatin and cefixime can be inhibited when the two drugs were co-administered in rats. The pharmacokinetic mechanism indicates that the DDIs between bestatin and cefixime are mainly mediated by Pept1 and Oat1/3 in rats. PEPT1 and OAT1/3 are the target transporters of DDIs between bestatin and cefixime in human kidney slices and human transfected cells, proposing possible drug-drug interaction in humans.
    European journal of pharmaceutical sciences: official journal of the European Federation for Pharmaceutical Sciences 07/2014; 63. DOI:10.1016/j.ejps.2014.06.019 · 2.61 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Background: Eprosartan is an angiotensin II receptor antagonist, used in the treatment of hypertension and heart failure in clinical patients. The objective of this study was to clarify the mechanism underlying hepatic uptake and biliary excretion of eprosartan in rats and humans. Methods: Perfused rat liver in situ, rat liver slices, isolated rat hepatocytes and human organic anion-transporting polypeptide (OATP)-transfected cells in vitro were used in this study. Results: Extraction ratio of eprosartan was decreased by rifampicin in perfused rat livers. Uptake of eprosartan in rat liver slices and isolated rat hepatocytes was significantly inhibited by Oatp modulators such as ibuprofen, digoxin, rifampicin and cyclosporine A, but not by tetraethyl ammonium or p-aminohippurate. Uptake of eprosartan in rat hepatocytes indicated a saturable process. Although uptake of eprosartan in OATP1 B3-human embryonic kidney cells (HEM) 293 cells was not observed, significant differences in cellular accumulations of eprosartan between vector- and OATP1B1-Madin-Darby canine kidney strain (MDCK) II cells were found in transcellular transport study. Moreover, cumulative biliary excretion rate of eprosartan in the presence of probenecid (Multidrug resistance-associated protein 2 (Mrp2) inhibitor) was significantly decreased in perfused rat livers. Vectorial basal-to-apical transport of eprosartan was also observed in OATP1B1/MRP2 double transfectants. Conclusions: Eprosartan was transported by multiple Oatps (at least Oatp1a1 and Oatp1a4)/Mrp2 in rat and OATP1B1/MRP2, at least, in human.
    Pharmacological reports: PR 04/2014; 66(2):311-319. DOI:10.1016/j.pharep.2014.02.013 · 2.17 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The aim of this study was to evaluate transporter-mediated renal excretion mechanism for cilostazol and to characterize the mechanism of drug-drug interaction (DDI) between cilostazol and aspirin or probenecid. Concentrations of cilostazol and its metabolites (OPC-13015 and OPC-13213) in rat biological or cell samples were measured by LC-MS/MS. Co-administration with probenecid, benzylpenicillin or aspirin decreased cilostazol cumulative urinary excretion and renal clearance. Concentrations of cilostazol and OPC-13213 in plasma were decreased and OPC-13015 concentration was increased in presence of probenecid, whereas, in combination with benzylpenicillin or aspirin, rat plasma cilostazol sharply increased and concentrations of OPC-13015 and OPC-13213 did not change. In urine, OPC-13015 was below the level of detection. Cumulative urinary excretion of OPC-13213 decreased in presence of probenecid, benzylpenicillin or aspirin. Cilostazol was distributed in kidney and liver with Kp values of 8.4 mL/g and 16.3 mL/g. Probenecid and aspirin reduced cilostazol distribution in kidney. Probenecid did not affect cilostazol metabolism in kidney, but increased cilostazol metabolism in liver, and aspirin had no effect on cilostazol metabolism. Benzylpenicillin, aspirin and JBP485 reduced cilostazol uptake in kidney slices and hOAT3-HEK293 cells, while -aminohippuric acid did not. Compared to vector, hOAT3-HEK293 cells accumulated more cilostazol whereas hOAT1-HEK293 cells did not. OAT3 and Oat3 play the major role in cilostazol renal excretion, while OAT1 and Oat1 do not. Oat3 and Cyp3a are both targets of DDI between cilostazol and probenecid. Aspirin inhibits OAT3-mediated uptake of cilostazol and does not influence cilostazol metabolism.
    Drug metabolism and disposition: the biological fate of chemicals 04/2014; 42(6). DOI:10.1124/dmd.113.055194 · 3.74 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The purpose of this study was to investigate the enhancing effect of dioscin on the absorption of methotrexate (MTX) and clarify the molecular mechanism involved in vivo and in vitro. Dioscin increased MTX chemosensitivity and transepithelial flux in the absorptive direction, significantly inhibiting multidrug resistance 1 (MDR1) mRNA and protein expression and MDR1 promoter and nuclear factor κ-B (NF-κB) activity in Caco-2 cells. Moreover, inhibitor κB-α (IκB-α) degradation was inhibited by dioscin. Dioscin enhanced the intracellular concentration of MTX by down-regulating MDR1 expression through a mechanism that involves NF-κB signaling pathway inhibition in Caco-2 cells. Dioscin strengthened MTX absorption by inhibiting MDR1 expression in rat intestine. In addition, even though MTX is absorbed into the enterocytes, there was no increase in toxicity observed, and that, in fact, decreased toxicity was seen.
    Toxicology and Applied Pharmacology 03/2014; DOI:10.1016/j.taap.2014.03.013 · 3.98 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Aim: Inflammation and oxidative stress are now recognized to be two important contributing factors to the development of atherosclerosis(AS). NADPH oxidase-4 (Nox4)-derived reactive oxygen species(ROS), NF-κB and MAPK play crucial roles in these processes. Luteolin, a flavone rich in many plants, can interrupt the molecular expression and inhibit the progression of inflammation and oxidative stress. The present study was designed to test whether luteolin inhibits TNF-α-induced inflammation and oxidative stress in human umbilical vein endothelial cells(HUVECs) and identify some of the mechanisms underlying these effects. Methods: HUVECs were treated with luteolin in the presence/absence of TNF-α. The mechanism of luteolin against TNF-α-induced cell injury was evaluated using Western blotting, real-time RT-PCR and flow cytometry analyses. Results: Luteolin suppressed the TNF-α-activated ROS generation, as well as the Nox4, p22phox, and ICAM-1 and VCAM-1 expression. Luteolin also enhanced the Bcl-2 and reduced caspase-3, -9 expression in the TNF-α-treated HUVECs. Finally, luteolin inhibited the TNF-α-induced transcriptional activity of NF-κB and p38 in addition to ERK1/2 phosphorylation. The inhibitors and siRNA of Nox4 and NF-κB not only reduced ROS generation, p38, ERK1/2 phosphorylation and the ICAM-1 and VCAM-1 expression, but also enhanced Bcl-2 expression. The inhibitor of p38 had the same effect on the expression of ICAM-1, VCAM-1 and Bcl-2, while the inhibitor of ERK1/2 increased the Bcl-2 expression rather than reducing the ICAM-1 and VCAM-1 expression. Conclusions: Luteolin attenuates TNF-α-induced oxidative stress and inflammation via its effects on the Nox4/ROS-NF-κB and MAPK pathways. These results suggest that luteolin may provide a beneficial effect in treating vascular diseases associated with oxidative stress and inflammation.
    Journal of atherosclerosis and thrombosis 03/2014; DOI:10.5551/jat.23697 · 2.93 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: To clarify the pharmacokinetic interaction and its possible mechanism, mutual effects between methotrexate (MTX) and bestatin in oral absorption and renal excretion in rats were examined in vivo and in vitro. A sensitive, quick and high performance method (LC-MS/MS) was used to determine concentrations of MTX and bestatin in biological samples. Plasma concentrations of MTX and bestatin markedly increased following oral and intravenous administration of MTX in combination with bestatin. The cumulative urinary excretion and renal clearance of the two drugs significantly decreased when MTX and bestatin were co-administered intravenously. Uptake of the two drugs in in situ single-pass intestinal perfusion studies and in vitro everted intestinal sac preparations significantly increased when co-administered, while uptake in rat kidney slices and hOAT1- or hOAT3-HEK 293 cells significantly decreased. Transport rates of bestatin and MTX from basolateral-to-apical transepithelial transport in MDR1-MDCK cells significantly decreased following co-administration. Additionally, intracellular concentrations increased, and the efflux transport of the two drugs was inhibited when given together. The IC50 values of MTX and bestatin in K562 and K562/ADR cells decreased when the two were co-administered. These findings indicate that the pharmacokinetic mechanism of interaction between MTX and bestatin occurs through co-transport by P-gp in the intestinal mucosa and OATs within the kidneys.
    International Journal of Pharmaceutics 02/2014; 465(1-2). DOI:10.1016/j.ijpharm.2014.02.020 · 3.99 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Peptidomimetic drugs have favorable bioavailability owing to H(+) /peptide transporter 1 (PEPT1) located in the intestine. Sartans are commonly used and likely coadministered with peptidomimetic drugs in the clinic; however, in vivo interactions between sartans and peptidomimetic drugs have not been systemically understood. Herein, the effect and mechanism of sartans on the intestinal absorption and renal excretion of the dipeptide-like drug bestatin were investigated. Following oral combination with valsartan, the plasma concentration and area under the plasma concentration-time curve of bestatin in rats decreased significantly. Bestatin absorption in rat-everted intestinal sacs was dramatically reduced by valsartan. Sartans exhibited concentration-dependent inhibition on the uptake of bestatin in human PEPT1 (hPEPT1)-HeLa cells. The cumulative urinary excretion and renal clearance of the two drugs in rats decreased after intravenous coadministration. Moreover, decreased uptake of the two drugs was observed in rats' kidney slices and human organic anion transporter (hOAT)1/hOAT3-transfected cells when coadministered. The results suggest that the intestinal absorption and renal excretion of bestatin in rats were inhibited by coadministered valsartan. Interestingly, the half-maximal inhibitory concentration (IC50) values of valsartan for PEPT1 and OAT1/3 were comparable to the theoretically estimated local drug concentration and the clinical unbound concentration, respectively, proposing possible drug-drug interaction in humans via PEPT1 and OAT1/3, which should be paid particular attention when bestatin and valsartan are coadministrated clinically. © 2013 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. and the American Pharmacists Association J Pharm Sci.
    Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences 02/2014; 103(2). DOI:10.1002/jps.23805 · 3.13 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Efflux of monocaroxylates like lactate, pyruvate, and ketone bodies from astrocytes through monocarboxylate transporter 4 (MCT4) supplies the local neuron population with metabolic intermediates to meet energy requirements under conditions of increased demand. Disruption of this astroglial-neuron metabolic coupling pathway may contribute to epileptogenesis. We measured MCT4 expression in temporal lobe epileptic foci excised from patients with intractable epilepsy and in rats injected with pilocarpine, an animal model of temporal lobe epilepsy (TLE). Cortical MCT4 expression levels were significantly lower in TLE patients compared with controls, due at least partially to MCT4 promoter methylation. Expression of MCT4 also decreased progressively in pilocarpine-treated rats from 12 h to 14 days post-administration. Underexpression of MCT4 in cultured astrocytes induced by a short hairpin RNA promoted apoptosis. Knockdown of astrocyte MCT4 also suppressed excitatory amino acid transporter 1 (EAAT1) expression. Reduced MCT4 and EAAT1 expression by astrocytes may lead to neuronal hyperexcitability and epileptogenesis in the temporal lobe by reducing the supply of metabolic intermediates and by allowing accumulation of extracellular glutamate.
    Molecular Neurobiology 01/2014; 50(2). DOI:10.1007/s12035-013-8619-z · 5.29 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: To conduct in vivo and in vitro experiments to investigate puerarin (PUR), an isoflavone C-glyoside, and elucidate its ability to alter methotrexate (MTX) transport and pharmacokinetics. In vivo absorption studies, in vitro everted intestinal sac preparation, kidney slices in rats and bi-directional transport assay with mock-/MDCK-MDR1 cells, uptake studies in HEK293-OAT1/3 cells were employed to evaluate the interaction. In vivo and in vitro MTX absorption in rats were enhanced in combination with PUR. PUR inhibited digoxin efflux transport in MDCK-MDR1 monolayers with an IC50 value of 1.6 ± 0.3 μM, suggesting that the first target of drug interaction was MDR1 in the intestine during the absorption process. MTX renal clearance decreased significantly after simultaneous intravenous administration. MTX uptake in rat kidney slices and HEK293-OAT1/3 cells were markedly inhibited by PUR, suggesting that the second target of drug interaction was OATs located in the kidney. Moreover, concomitant administration of PUR reduced renal MTX accumulation and plasma levels of creatinine and BUN. Co-administration of PUR enhanced MTX exposure by inhibition of intestinal MDR1 and renal OAT1/3. Although the renal damage of MTX was improved by PUR, the high level exposure of MTX should be cautious in the clinical usage.
    Pharmaceutical Research 11/2013; DOI:10.1007/s11095-013-1235-9 · 4.74 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: We investigated whether entecavir is a substrate of the oligopeptide transporter 2 (PEPT2) and whether reabsorption of entecavir is mediated by PEPT2 as well as what is the contribution of PEPT2 to entecavir reabsorption during urinary excretion. Entecavir uptake in transfected cells and rat kidney slices, changes in urine entecavir concentrations following isolated kidney perfusion and in vivo entecavir plasma and urine concentrations were determined with LC-MS/MS. In hPEPT2-HELA cells, entecavir uptake was significantly higher compared to vector-HELA cells and was sharply inhibited by Gly-sar and JBP485, and there were two distinct transport systems. The Km and Vmax of entecavir were 427 (μM) and 1.60 (nmol/mg protein/30s) (low-affinity, high-velocity system) and 24.0 (μM) and 0.296 (nmol/mg protein/30s) (high-affinity, low-velocity system). In rat kidney slices, uptake of entecavir was not markedly inhibited by Gly-sar. In isolated kidney perfusion experiments, entecavir cumulative urinary excretion was statistically significant at 45 and 60 min. CLR(4°C), CLR(37°C Control) and CLR(37°C Expriment) were 12.6, 27.6 and 36 (ml/min/kg), respectively. CLTS and TR rate (for PEPT2) were 25.3 and 9.4 (ml/min/kg). In vivo, the cumulative urinary excretion of entecavir had statistical significance at 3 and 4 h with CLR(Control) and CLR(Expriment) values of 31 and 42 (ml/min/kg), respectively. The CLTS and TR rate (for PEPT2) were 32 and 11.6 (ml/min/kg), respectively. The present study demonstrated that entecavir is a substrate of PEPT2. Moreover, reabsorption of entecavir is mediated by PEPT2, and 25% of urinary entecavir is reabsorbed by PEPT2.
    European journal of pharmaceutical sciences: official journal of the European Federation for Pharmaceutical Sciences 10/2013; 52. DOI:10.1016/j.ejps.2013.10.010 · 2.61 Impact Factor

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180 Citations
128.28 Total Impact Points

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  • 2010–2015
    • Dalian Medical University
      • College of Pharmacy
      Lü-ta-shih, Liaoning, China
  • 2010–2012
    • Fourth Military Medical University
      Xi’an, Liaoning, China