A M García Vicente

Hospital General Universitario de Ciudad Real, Ciudad Real, Castille-La Mancha, Spain

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Publications (72)46.98 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: Objective This study evaluated the usefulness of 18F-fluorocholine PET/CT in restaging patients with a history of prostate adenocarcinoma who faced biochemical relapse after early radical treatment, and correlated the technique's disease detection rate with a set of variables and clinical and pathological parameters.Material and methodsThis was a retrospective multicentre study which included 374 patients referred for choline PET/CT who had biochemical relapse. In the end, 233 patients who met the following inclusion criteria were analysed: diagnosis of prostate cancer; early radical treatment; biochemical relapse; main clinical and pathological variables; and clinical, pathological and imaging data needed to validate the results. Criteria used to validate the PET/CT: findings from other imaging techniques, clinical follow-up, treatment response and histological analysis. Different statistical tests were used depending on the distribution of the data to correlate the results of the choline PET/CT with qualitative (T, N, early prostatectomy vs. other treatments, hormone therapy concomitant to choline PET/CT) and quantitative (age, Gleason score, PSA levels at diagnosis, PSA nadir, PSA on the day of the choline PET/CT or trigger PSA and PSADT) variables. We analysed whether there were independent predictive factors associated with the positive PET/CT result. All statistical tests were considered two-sided and significant values where p<0.05.ResultsThe choline PET/CT was positive in 111 of 233 patients (detection rate: 47.6%) and negative in 122 (52.4%). Disease locations: prostate or prostate bed in 26 patients (23.4%); regional and/or distant lymph nodes in 52 (46.8%); and metastatic bone disease in 33 (29.7%). Positive findings were validated by: results from other imaging techniques in 35 patients (15.0%); at least 6 months of clinical follow-up in 136 (58.4%); treatment response in 24 (10.3%); histological analysis of lesions in 17 (7.3%); and follow-up plus imaging results in 21 (9.0%). The statistical analysis of qualitative variables, corresponding to patients′ clinical characteristics, and the positive/negative final PET/CT results revealed that only whether or not early treatment with radical prostatectomy was done was statistically significant (p<0.001), with the number of positive results higher in patients who did not undergo a radical prostatectomy. Among the quantitative variables, Gleason score, trigger PSA and PSADT clearly differentiated the two patient groups (positive and negative choline PET/CT): p=0.010, p=0.001 and p=0.025, respectively. A Gleason score of <5 or ≥8 clearly differentiated positive from negative PET. Trigger PSA: mean of 8 ngr/ml for positive PET/CT vs. 2.8 for negative PET/CT; PSADT: mean of 8 months for positive PSADT and 12.6 for negative PSADT. The optimal cut-off points were: 3 ngr/ml for trigger PSA and 6 months for PSADT (Youden index/ROC curve). Analysing these two variables together showed that PSADT was more conclusive in patients with lower PSA Trigger. Analysing variables by location showed that only PSADT was able to differentiate between those with disease confined to the prostate compared with the other two locations (lymph nodes and bone), with shorter PSADT in these two, which was statistically significant (p<0.002). In the patient group with PSA of <1.5 ngr/ml, 30.8% had the disease, 7% of whom had metastatic bone disease. In the multivariate logistic regression, the risks factors that were clearly independent for those with positive PET/CT were: PSA >3 ngr/ml; no early prostatectomy; and Gleason score of ≥8.Conclusion Our results support the usefulness of 18F-fluorocholine PET/CT in biochemical relapse of prostate cancer after radical treatment, with an overall disease detection rate close to 50%, and it can be recommended as first-line treatment. As mentioned above, besides PSA levels on the day of the PET/CT, there are other clinical and pathological variables to consider in order to screen patients properly and thus minimise the number of nodular lesions and increase the diagnostic accuracy of the exam.
    BJU International 10/2014; · 3.05 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Objective To assess the accuracy of FDG-PET/contrast enhanced CT (FDG-PET/ceCT) in the detection of unsuspected recurrence of colorectal cancer (CRC) in patients with high risk of relapse. Methods Thirty-three patients (14 females and 19 males, mean age: 62, range: 41-78), with CRC in complete remission, were prospectively included. All patients underwent FDG-PET/ceCT (58 studies). FDG-PET/ceCT was requested in the surveillance setting, and performed following a standardized protocol. A portal venous phase CT scan was performed after the injection of iodinated contrast agent. An individual and combined assessment of both techniques (PET and ceCT) was performed. Concordant and discordant findings of PET, ceCT and FDG-PET/ceCT were compared in a patient-based and a lesion-based analysis. The final diagnosis, recurrence or disease free status (DFS), were established by histopathology or clinical/radiological follow-up of at least 6 months. Results Seven out of 33 patients had a confirmed recurrence and the rest of patients had a DFS. In a patient-based analysis the sensitivity and specificity of PET, ceCT and PET/ceCT was of 86% and 88%, 86% and 92%, 86% and 85%, respectively. Attending to the lesion-based analysis, the sensitivity for PET, ceCT and PET/ceCT was of 56%, 71% and 97% respectively. Both techniques showed a good concordance in the establishment of the final patient status. However, on a lesion-based analysis, no concordance was observed between them. Conclusion PET and ceCT seem to have similar value in the detection of unsuspected recurrence of CRC in a patient-based analysis. However, the combined assessment of PET/ceCT improves the accuracy in the lesion-based analysis.
    European Journal of Radiology 09/2014; · 2.51 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: To investigate the relationships between tumor heterogeneity, assessed by texture analysis of [18F]fluorodeoxyglucose-positron emission tomography (FDG-PET) images, metabolic parameters, and pathologic staging in patients with non-small cell lung carcinoma (NSCLC). A retrospective analysis of 38 patients with histologically confirmed NSCLC who underwent staging FDG-PET/computed tomography was performed. Tumor images were segmented using a standardized uptake value (SUV) cutoff of 2.5. Five textural features, related to the heterogeneity of gray-level distribution, were computed (energy, entropy, contrast, homogeneity, and correlation). Additionally, metabolic parameters such as SUVmax, SUVmean, metabolic tumor volume (MTV), and total lesion glycolysis (TLG), as well as pathologic staging, histologic subtype, and tumor diameter, were obtained. Finally, a correlation analysis was carried out. Of 38 tumors, 63.2% were epidermoid and 36.8% were adenocarcinomas. The mean ± standard deviation values of MTV and TLG were 30.47 ± 25.17 mL and 197.81 ± 251.11 g, respectively. There was a positive relationship of all metabolic parameters (SUVmax, SUVmean, MTV, and TLG) with entropy, correlation, and homogeneity and a negative relationship with energy and contrast. The T component of the pathologic TNM staging (pT) was similarly correlated with these textural parameters. Textural features associated with tumor heterogeneity were shown to be related to global metabolic parameters and pathologic staging.
    Molecular imaging. 09/2014; 13:1-12.
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    ABSTRACT: The purpose of the present study is to explore the relation between glycolytic metabolism assessed by (18)F-fluoro-2-deoxy-D-glucose positron emission tomography/computed tomography ((18)F-FDG PET/CT) and final neoadjuvant chemotherapy (NC) response in locally advanced breast tumors. Of women with breast cancer, 126 were prospectively evaluated. All patients underwent (18)F-FDG PET/CT previous to NC. Standard uptake value (SUV) max was calculated in the primary tumor. After NC, residual primary tumor specimen was histopathologically classified according to Miller and Payne tumor regression grades (TRG), from G1 to G5 and in response groups as good responders (G4 or G5), partial responders (G2 or G3), and non-responders (G1). Furthermore, residual lesions were classified following a binary assessment as responders (G4 or G5) and non-responders (the rest of cases). The relationship between SUV max with TRG and response groups was evaluated. Of tumors, 127 were assessed (a patient had bilateral breast lesions). TRG were as follows: G1 (27), G2 (27), G3 (32), G4 (11), and G5 (30). Forty-one were classified as good responders, 59 as partial responders, and 27 as non-responders. For the binary assessment, 41 lesions were classified as responders and 86 as non-responders. We found statistical differences (p = 0.02) between the mean SUV max and TRG with greater SUV values for G5 compared to the other TRG. Good responders showed greater mean SUV max ± SD compared to partial responders and non-responders (10.51 ± 6.64 for good responders, 6.94 ± 5.81 for partial responders, and 5.23 ± 2.76 for non-responders; p = 0.001). Baseline tumor metabolism assessing by FDG PET/CT was associated with the final histopathologic status after neoadjuvant chemotherapy, with greater SUV max values for good responders compared to the less responder cancers.
    Tumour biology : the journal of the International Society for Oncodevelopmental Biology and Medicine. 08/2014;
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    ABSTRACT: Aim. To compare the performance of six different nomograms and one score in the prediction of non-sentinel lymph node status in a subset of women with breast cancer and micrometastatic sentinel nodes (SN). Material and methods. Twenty-five patients were included in the study. Five different nomograms not specifically designed for micrometastatic SN, one recently published nomogram specially developed for this type of patients and one score were analyzed, and the corresponding receiver operating characteristic curves were obtained. The area under the curve (AUC) was calculated, as well as the false negative and false positive results and their corresponding rates (FNR and FPR) for a cutoff of ≤10% or ≤4 points. Results. The Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center (MSKCC) nomogram showed the best performance in this low-risk group of patients (AUC 0.900, FPR 64%, FNR 0%), followed by the French nomogram. Conclusions. The MSKCC nomogram seems to have the highest accuracy in the identification of patients with low risk of further axillary disease in the subgroup of women with micrometastatic SN.
    Tumori. 07/2014; 100(4):415-9.
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    ABSTRACT: To determine the utility of (18)F-FDG (FDG) PET/CT performed in an early and delayed phase during neoadjuvant chemotherapy in the prediction of lymph node histopathological response in patients with locally advanced breast cancer. FDG PET/CT studies performed in 76 patients (mean age 53 years) at baseline (PET-1), after the second course of chemotherapy (PET-2) and after the last course of chemotherapy (PET-3) were prospectively analysed. Inclusion criteria were lymph node involvement detected by PET/CT and non-sentinel node biopsy before or after the baseline PET/CT scan. Following the recommendations of the 12th International Breast Conference (St. Gallen), the patients were divided into five subgroups in relation to biological prognostic factors by immunohistochemistry. For diagnosis visual and semiquantitative analyses was performed. Absence of detectable lymph node uptake on the PET-2 or PET-3 scan with respect to the PET-1 scan was considered metabolic complete response (mCR). Lymph nodes were histopathologically classified according the lymph node regression grade and in response groups as pathological complete response (pCR) or not pCR (type A/D or B/C of the Smith grading system, respectively). ROC analysis was performed to determine a cut-off value of Δ% SUV1-2 and SUV1-3 for prediction of nodal status after chemotherapy. An association between mCR and pCR was found (Cohen's kappa analysis), and associations between phenotypes and metabolic behaviour and the final histopathological status were also found. Lymph node pCR was seen in 34 patients. The sensitivity, specificity, and positive and negative predictive values of PET-2 and PET-3 in establishing the final status of the axilla after chemotherapy were 52 %, 45 %, 50 % and 47 %, and 33 %, 84 %, 67 % and 56 %, respectively. No significant relationship was observed between mCR on PET-2 and PET-3 and pCR (p = 0.31 and 0.99, respectively). Lymph node metabolism on PET-1 was not able to predict the final histopathological status, whereas basal carcinomas showed a higher rate of pCR (70.6 %) than the other groups (p = 0.03). FDG PET/CT seems to have limitations in both the early and delayed evaluation of lymph node status after chemotherapy, with reduced predictive values.
    European Journal of Nuclear Medicine 04/2014; · 4.53 Impact Factor
  • Revista Española de Medicina Nuclear e Imagen Molecular. 01/2014; 33(1):60–61.
  • Revista espanola de medicina nuclear e imagen molecular. 08/2013;
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    ABSTRACT: AIM: To assess dual time point 2-deoxy-2-[(18)F]fluoro-d-glucose (18)(F)FDG PET-CT accuracy in nodal staging and in detection of extra-axillary involvement. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Dual time point [(18)F] FDG PET/CT scan was performed in 75 patients. Visual and semiquantitative assessment of lymph nodes was performed. Semiquantitative measurement of SUV and ROC-analysis were carried out to calculate SUVmax cut-off value with the best diagnostic performance. Axillary and extra-axillary lymph node chains were evaluated. RESULTS: Sensitivity and specificity of visual assessment was 87.3% and 75%, respectively. SUVmax values with the best sensitivity were 0.90 and 0.95 for early and delayed PET, respectively. SUVmax values with the best specificity were 1.95 and 2.75, respectively. Extra-axillary lymph node involvement was detected in 26.7%. CONCLUSION: FDG PET/CT detected extra-axillary lymph node involvement in one-fourth of the patients. Semiquantitative lymph node analysis did not show any advantage over the visual evaluation.
    Revista espanola de medicina nuclear e imagen molecular. 05/2013;
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    ABSTRACT: PURPOSE: To determine whether the metabolic features of breast tumours differ among molecular subtypes. METHODS: This prospective study included 168 women diagnosed with locally advanced breast cancer. PET/CT was requested in the initial staging before neoadjuvant treatment (multicentre study, FISCAM grant). All patients underwent an (18)F-FDG PET/CT scan with a dual time-point acquisition. Both examinations (PET-1 and PET-2) were evaluated qualitatively and semiquantitatively with calculation of SUVmax (SUV-1 and SUV-2, respectively), and the percentage variation in the SUVs and retention indexes (RI) between PET-1 and PET-2 in the breast tumour were calculated. Biological prognostic parameters, including the steroid receptor status, HER-2 expression, proliferation rate (Ki-67) and grading, were determined from primary tumour tissue. Tumour subtypes were classified following the recommendations of the 12th International Breast Conference, by immunohistochemical surrogates as luminal A, luminal B-HER2(-), luminal B-HER2(+), HER2(+) or basal. Metabolic semiquantitative parameters and molecular subtypes were correlated. RESULTS: Of the 168 tumours, 151 were classified: 16 were luminal A, 53 were luminal B-HER2(-), 29 were luminal B-HER2(+), 18 were HER2(+) and 35 were basal. There were significant differences between SUV-1 and SUV-2 and the different subtypes, with higher SUVs in HER2(+) and basal tumours. No significant differences were found with respect to RI. CONCLUSION: Semiquantitative metabolic parameters showed statistically significant differences among the molecular subtypes of the tumours evaluated. Therefore, there seems to be a relationship between molecular and glycolytic phenotypes.
    European Journal of Nuclear Medicine 04/2013; · 4.53 Impact Factor
  • Revista espanola de medicina nuclear e imagen molecular. 04/2013;
  • Médecine Nucléaire. 03/2013; 37(3):64.
  • A.M. García Vicente, Á. Soriano Castrejón
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    ABSTRACT: The fusion of PET and computed tomography, which provide metabolic and structural images, respectively, has improved the diagnostic precision of PET in oncology. Some current procedures in the PET/CT acquisition as contrast enhanced CT/PET, the use of PET/CT in radiotherapy planning and the PET-MRI can drastically change the approach of oncologic patients. Finally, inclusions of PET/CT in oncologic diagnostic algorithm and prognostic nomograms are pending issues.RésuméL’imagerie hybride TEP-TDM donne simultanément des images fonctionnelles et anatomiques et a permis d’améliorer la précision diagnostique de la TEP seule en oncologie. Désormais, l’utilisation de produit de contraste radiologique en TEP-TDM, l’utilisation des images TEP-TDM dans le planning radiothérapeutique, et l’avènement de la TEP-IRM peuvent changer radicalement la prise en charge des patients en oncologie. Enfin, les inclusions des résultats de la TEP-TDM dans les algorithmes décisionnels et dans les nomogrammes pronostiques sont des enjeux prochains en oncologie.
    Médecine Nucléaire. 03/2013; 37(3):88–92.
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    ABSTRACT: PURPOSE: Evaluate the diagnostic performance of contrast enhanced CT/PET (ceCT/PET) in the response assessment of patients with colorectal cancer liver metastases. METHODS: 33 ce CT/PET studies of 19 patients with colorectal liver metastases were prospectively evaluated. All of them, 13 (68.4%) were males and 6 (31.6%) females. Mean age and range were 63 [42-78]. All patients were treated with neoadjuvant chemotherapy. In all cases post-therapy diagnostic confirmation of liver lesions was obtained. A ce CT PET/was obtained 1h after the injection of 370MBq of 18F-FDG. Metabolic and morphologic studies were evaluated by two blinded nuclear physicians and radiologists respectively to assess the location, size and suspected diagnosis of lesions (benign or malignant). A combined assessment of both techniques was performed. The final diagnosis was established by histopathology or clinical/radiological follow-up greater than 6 months. RESULTS: A total of 120 liver lesions were identified, 115 were malignant and 5 benign. From the malignant lesions, 105 were identified with the ceCT, 44 with the PET and 109 with ceCT/PET. All of the benign lesions were correctly classified with any of the three imaging techniques. The sensitivity of PET, ceCT and ceCT/PET were of 38%, 91% and 95% respectively and the specificity was 100% in all three of the diagnostic studies. CONCLUSION: Administration of intravenous contrast in the PET/CT is mandatory to evaluate treatment response rate of liver metastases due to the limitations of isolated metabolic images in these cases.
    European journal of radiology 02/2013; · 2.65 Impact Factor
  • Source
    A.M. García Vicente
    Revista Española de Medicina Nuclear e Imagen Molecular. 01/2013; 32(2):137.
  • A M García Vicente
    Revista española de medicina nuclear e imagen molecular. 11/2012; 31(6):364.
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    ABSTRACT: To analyse the correlation between (18)F-FDG uptake assessed by PET/CT in locally advanced breast tumours and histopathological and immunohistochemical prognostic factors. Thirty-six women with breast cancer were prospectively evaluated. PET/CT was requested in the initial staging previous to adjuvant chemotherapy (multicentric study). All the patients underwent an (18)F-FDG PET/CT with a dual-time-point acquisition. Both examinations were evaluated qualitatively and semiquantitatively with calculation of SUVmax values in PET-1 (SUV-1) and in PET-2 (SUV-2) and the percentage variation of the standard uptake values (retention index) between PET-1 and PET-2. Clinical and metabolic stages were assessed according to TNM classification. The biological prognostic parameters, such as the steroid receptor status, p53 and c-erbB-2 expression, proliferation rate (Ki-67), and grading were determined from tissue of the primary tumour. Metabolic and biological parameters were correlated. A positive relationship was found between semiquantitative metabolic parameters and biological parameters. SUV-1 and SUV-2 values did not show significant statistical correlation (p<.05) except for the clinical tumour size. About the biological parameters, retention index showed the best results with positive and significant relation (p<.05) with estrogen and progesterone receptor status and Ki-67. Isolated SUV values did not show significant relation to these parameters. Retention index showed the best relation with biological parameters compared to isolated SUVmax values. These data suggest that SUV change over time is a prognostic marker.
    Revista española de medicina nuclear e imagen molecular. 11/2012; 31(6):308-14.
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    ABSTRACT: Richter's syndrome (RS) refers to transformation of the chronic lymphoid leukemia (CLL) to a diffuse large cell lymphoma. Prognosis of patients with RS is generally considered unfavorable. We present two cases of patients with history of CLL, who had an increased of the lymphadenopathy, with elevated lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) in serum and increased (18)F-FDG uptake of the neck lymph nodes, with subsequent confirmation of RS by histology.
    Revista espanola de medicina nuclear e imagen molecular. 10/2012;
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    ABSTRACT: PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to analyse the correlation between dual-time-point (18)F-2-deoxy-2-fluoro-D-glucose (FDG) uptakes in lymph nodes assessed by positron emission tomography (PET)/CT and histopathological and immunohistochemical prognostic factors. METHODS: Seventy-five women with locally advanced breast cancer were prospectively evaluated. PET/CT was requested in the initial staging previous to adjuvant chemotherapy (multicentre study). All of the patients underwent (18)F-FDG PET/CT with a dual-time-point acquisition. Both examinations were evaluated qualitatively and semi-quantitatively with calculation of maximum standardized uptake values (SUV(max)) in PET-1 (SUV-1) and in PET-2 (SUV-2) and the percentage variation of the SUV or retention index (RI) between PET-1 and PET-2 in lymph nodes with the greater (18)F-FDG uptake. The biological prognostic parameters such as the steroid receptor status, p53 and HER2 expression, proliferation rate (Ki-67) and grading were determined from tissue of the primary tumour. Metabolic and biological parameters were correlated using Spearman's rank-order correlation coefficient and Mann-Whitney U and Kruskal-Wallis tests. RESULTS: Negative receptor status was correlated with higher SUV-1, SUV-2 and RI in lymph nodes. The results were significant for progesterone receptor status. p53 over-expression and triple-negative status were associated with greater semi-quantitative parameters in lymph nodes. Higher tumoural grades were related with greater semi-quantitative parameters (p > 0.05). CONCLUSION: Biological factors of bad prognosis were correlated with higher semi-quantitative metabolic values in lymph nodes. Therefore these results appear to reveal biological significance of lymph node (18)F-FDG accumulation.
    European Journal of Nuclear Medicine 09/2012; · 4.53 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: To investigate the applicability of the sentinel lymph node biopsy technique in early stages of endometrial cancer. A prospective study that included consecutive patients with a histological diagnosis of clinical state I endometrial carcinoma was performed. Two doses of 2 mCi (74 MBq) of (99m)Tc-albumin nanocolloid were injected in the uterine cervix, and planar and SPECT-CT images were obtained at one hour, and at 24 hours if no migration of the tracer was observed. Methylene blue dye was also injected into the cervix immediately prior to the surgery. A gamma probe was used during the surgical procedure for sentinel lymph node identification. In all cases, a hysterectomy, double adnexectomy and pelvic lymphadenectomy were performed, carrying out a histological analysis (hematoxylin-eosin) of the sentinel lymph nodes and the lymphadenectomy specimen. We included 19 patients, with a final diagnoses of endometrioid carcinoma (18 cases) and endometrial stromal sarcoma (1 case). At least one sentinel lymph node was identified in 17 of them (89.5% detection rate). Twenty-nine sentinel lymph nodes were identified during surgery, all of them negative for neoplastic infiltration. No metastatic invasion was found in the pelvic lymphadenectomy specimens as well. The sentinel lymph node biopsy technique seems to be a reliable tool in nodal staging of endometrial cancer at early stages, with an acceptable detection rate and high histological correlation. The low prevalence of lymphatic spread in this group of patients and the encouraging results obtained could make the sentinel lymph node an alternative to routine complete lymphadenectomy.
    Revista española de medicina nuclear e imagen molecular. 09/2012; 31(5):243-8.

Publication Stats

92 Citations
46.98 Total Impact Points

Institutions

  • 2005–2014
    • Hospital General Universitario de Ciudad Real
      Ciudad Real, Castille-La Mancha, Spain
    • Servicio de Salud de Castilla-La Mancha
      Albacete, Castille-La Mancha, Spain
    • Department of Nuclear Medicine
      Nyitra, Nitriansky, Slovakia
  • 2003–2004
    • Hospital Nuestra Señora del Rosario
      Madrid, Madrid, Spain