Rui-Qing Peng

Sun Yat-Sen University Cancer Center, Shengcheng, Guangdong, China

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Publications (15)47.11 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: Our previous studies have shown that platelet endothelial cell adhesion molecule-1 (PECAM-1), a member of the immunoglobulin superfamily, is a critical mediator of anchorage-independent growth and anoikis resistance in lung carcinoma cells. The purpose of this study was to analyze the protein expression of PECAM-1 in non-small-cell lung carcinoma (NSCLC) tissues and its clinical significance in NSCLC patients. By immunohistochemical analysis, high microvessel density (MVD) of PECAM-1 was detected in the stromal tissues of NSCLC. The MVD of PECAM-1 was strongly correlated with the N stage (p = 0.029), M stage (p = 0.001) and clinical stage (p = 0.001) of NSCLC patients. Survival analysis revealed high MVD of PECAM-1 in both primary NSCLC lesions and metastatic lymph node tissues, and these results were found to be significantly correlated with poor overall survival in NSCLC patients (p < 0.001 and p = 0.021, respectively). Moreover, patients with high PECAM-1 MVD had worse overall survival in either adenocarcinoma or EGFR mutation subgroups. Multivariate analysis revealed that the MVD of PECAM-1 was an independent prognostic factor for NSCLC patients. The MVD of PECAM-1 is also a potential predictor for NSCLC patients treated with first-line platinum-based doublet chemotherapy, as high PECAM-1 MVD correlated with worse overall survival. Our results demonstrated that MVD of PECAM-1 could be a potential prognostic factor and therapeutic target in NSCLC.
    Medical Oncology 06/2013; 30(2):536. · 2.14 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: It has been reported that v-erb-a erythroblastic leukemia viral oncogene homolog 4 (ERBB4) is somatically mutated in 19% of melanoma cases. To investigate the prevalence of ERBB4 mutations in melanoma patients from southern China, we analyzed 117 archival formalin-fixed and paraffin-embedded melanoma samples from the Sun Yat-Sen University Cancer Center. A matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization time-of-flight mass spectrometry (MALDI-TOF MS) platform was used to screen for mutations. No ERBB4 hot-spot mutations were detected in our study. Our results indicate that ERBB4 mutations may play a limited role in melanomas in China; therefore, the targeting of the ERBB4 mutation in melanoma patients from southern China may not be a promising strategy.
    Chinese journal of cancer 12/2012;
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    ABSTRACT: It has been suggested that paclitaxel and gemcitabine modulate the immune system. This paper reports the safety and efficacy of paclitaxel plus gemcitabine followed by interleukin-2(IL-2)and granulocyte macrophage colony-stimulating factor (GM-CSF), the PGIG chemobiotherapy, for patients with metastatic melanoma. All patients received 175 mg/m2 paclitaxel on day 1 and 800 mg/m2 gemcitabine on day 2. IL-2 and GM-CSF were administered from day 4 to day 8 at a dosage of 2 MIU/m2 and 100 μg, respectively. The PGIG chemobiotherapy was repeated every 21 days. Serum cytokine levels at baseline and at the end of the second cycle were measured via flow cytometry. Twenty-seven patients with metastatic melanoma accepted PGIG chemobiotherapy from August 2009 to March 2011. There were five patients that exhibited a partial response, fourteen patients that exhibited a stable response, and eight that displayed progressive disease. Therefore, the response rate was 18.5%, and the disease control rate was 70.4%. The median time to progression and median survival were 4 months and 8 months, respectively. The one-year and two-year survival rates were 25.9% and 18.5%, respectively. Frequent side effects included chills, fever, arthralgia, rash and pruritus. Among the thirteen patients who experienced a rash and pruritus and the fourteen patients who did not suffer from this side effect, the response rates and disease control rates were 30.8% vs 7.1% and 77% vs 64.2%, respectively. No relationship between serum IL-6 levels, clinical response, and either skin side effect was observed. The PGIG chemobiotherapy is safe and effective for the treatment of patients with advanced melanoma, but randomized trials are necessary to validate this effect.
    Cancer biology & therapy 09/2012; 13(14). · 3.29 Impact Factor
  • Journal of Investigative Dermatology 03/2012; 132(7):1935-7. · 6.19 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Mast cells (MC) reside in the mucosa of the digestive tract as the first line against bacteria and toxins. Clinical evidence has implied that the infiltration of mast cells in colorectal cancers is related to malignant phenotypes and a poor prognosis. This study compared the role of mast cells in adjacent normal colon mucosa and in the invasive margin during the progression of colon cancer. Specimens were obtained from 39 patients with colon adenomas and 155 patients with colon cancers treated at the Sun Yat-sen University Cancer Center between January 1999 and July 2004. The density of mast cells was scored by an immunohistochemical assay. The pattern of mast cell distribution and its relationship with clinicopathologic parameters and 5-year survival were analyzed. The majority of mast cells were located in the adjacent normal colon mucosa, followed by the invasive margin and least in the cancer stroma. Mast cell count in adjacent normal colon mucosa (MCC(adjacent)) was associated with pathologic classification, distant metastases and hepatic metastases, although it was not a prognostic factor. In contrast, mast cell count in the invasive margin (MCC(invasive)) was associated with neither the clinicopathlogic parameters nor overall survival. Mast cells in the adjacent normal colon mucosa were related to the progression of colon cancer, suggesting that mast cells might modulate tumor progression via a long-distance mechanism.
    Chinese Journal of Cancer Research 12/2011; 23(4):276-82. · 0.45 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Although the anti-malaria drug chloroquine (CQ) has been shown to enhance chemotherapy and radiation sensitivity in clinical trials, the potential mechanisms underlying this enhancement are still unclear. Here, we examined the relevant mechanisms by which the multipotent CQ enhanced the cytotoxicity of topotecan (TPT). The lung cancer cell line A549 was treated with TPT alone or TPT combined with CQ at non-cytotoxic concentrations. Cell viability was assessed using the MTT assay. The percentage of apoptotic cells and the presence of a side population of cells were both determined by flow cytometry. Autophagy and the expression of Bcl-2 family proteins were examined by Western blotting. The accumulation of YFP-LC3 dots and the formation of acidic vesicular organelles were examined by confocal microscopy. CQ sensitized A549 cells to TPT and enhanced TPT-induced apoptosis in a Bcl-2 family protein-independent fashion. CQ inhibited TPT-induced autophagy, which modified the cytotoxicity of TPT. However, CQ failed to modify the transfer of TPT across the cytoplasmic membrane and did not increase lysosomal permeability. This study showed that CQ at non-cytotoxic concentrations potentiated the cytotoxicity of TPT by interfering with autophagy, implying that CQ has significant potential as a chemotherapeutic enhancer.
    Chinese journal of cancer 10/2011; 30(10):690-700.
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    ABSTRACT: To investigate the correlation between expression of calreticulin and infiltration of lymphocytes in stage IIIB colon cancer. Sixty-eight pathologically-confirmed specimens were obtained from stage IIIB (T3N1M0) colon cancer patients who underwent radical resection between January 1999 and May 2002 at the Cancer Center of Sun Yat-Sen University, Guangzhou, China. Immunohistochemical analysis was performed to show infiltration of lymphocytes and expression of calreticulin in colon cancer. Association between calreticulin expression, infiltration of lymphocytes, and 5-year survival rate of patients was assessed. The expression level of calreticulin was lower in cancer nest than in its adjacent normal epithelium since 61.8% (42/68) of the samples were stained with calreticulin in colon cancer. The expression of calreticulin in colon cancer was associated with the infiltration of CD45RO+ cells rather than with that of CD3+ cells. In addition, the stronger expression of calreticulin and the higher infiltration of CD3+ and CD45RO+ cells in colon cancer were associated with the higher 5-year survival rate of patients. Expression of calreticulin is associated with infiltration of T-cells, which implies that a low expression level of molecular marker may represent a new mechanism underlying immune escape in colon cancer.
    World Journal of Gastroenterology 05/2010; 16(19):2428-34. · 2.55 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Although an abundance of evidence has indicated that tumor-associated macrophages (TAMs) are associated with a favorable prognosis in patients with colon cancer, it is still unknown how TAMs exert a protective effect. This study examined whether TAMs are involved in hepatic metastasis of colon cancer. One hundred and sixty cases of pathologically-confirmed specimens were obtained from colon carcinoma patients with TNM stage IIIB and IV between January 1997 and July 2004 at the Cancer Center of Sun Yat-Sen University. The density of macrophages in the invasive front (CD68TFHotspot) was scored with an immunohistochemical assay. The relationship between the CD68TFHotspot and the clinicopathologic parameters, the potential of hepatic metastasis, and the 5-year survival rate were analyzed. TAMs were associated with the incidence of hepatic metastasis and the 5-year survival rate in patients with colon cancers. Both univariate and multivariate analyses revealed that the CD68TFHotspot was independently prognostic of survival. A higher 5-year survival rate among patients with stage IIIB after radical resection occurred in patients with a higher macrophage infiltration in the invasive front (81.0%) than in those with a lower macrophage infiltration (48.6%). Most importantly, the CD68TFHotspot was associated with both the potential of hepatic metastasis and the interval between colon resection and the occurrence of hepatic metastasis. This study showed evidence that TAMs infiltrated in the invasive front are associated with improvement in both hepatic metastasis and overall survival in colon cancer, implying that TAMs have protective potential in colon cancers and might serve as a novel therapeutic target.
    Journal of Translational Medicine 02/2010; 8:13. · 3.46 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The intratumoral infiltration of T cells, especially memory T cells, is associated with a favorable prognosis in early colorectal cancers. However, the mechanism underlying this process remains elusive. This study examined whether high-mobility group box 1 (HMGB1), a damage-associated molecular pattern (DAMP) molecule, is involved in the infiltration of T cells and disease progression in locally advanced colon cancer. Seventy-two cases of pathologically-confirmed specimens were obtained from patients with stage IIIB (T3N1M0) colon cancer who underwent radical resection between January 1999 and May 2002 at the Cancer Center of Sun Yat-Sen University. The density of tumor-infiltrating lymphocytes (TILs) within the tumor tissue and the expression of HMGB1 in the cancer cells were examined via immunohistochemical analysis. The phenotype of CD45RO+ cells was confirmed using a flow cytometric assay. The association between HMGB1 expression, the density of TILs, and the 5-year survival rate were analyzed. The density of CD45RO+ T cells within the tumor was independently prognostic, although a higher density of CD3+ T cells was also associated with a favorable prognosis. More importantly, the expression of HMGB1 was observed in both the nucleus and the cytoplasm (co-expression pattern) in a subset of colon cancer tissues, whereas nuclear-only expression of HMGB1 (nuclear expression pattern) existed in most of the cancer tissues and normal mucosa. The co-expression pattern of HMGB1 in colon cancer cells was inversely associated with the infiltration of both CD3+ and CD45RO+ T cells and 5-year survival rates. This study revealed that the co-expression of HMGB1 is inversely associated with the infiltration of CD45RO+ T cells and prognosis in patients with stage IIIB colon cancer, indicating that the distribution patterns of HMGB1 might contribute to the progression of colon cancer via modulation of the local immune response.
    BMC Cancer 01/2010; 10:496. · 3.33 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Cetuximab, an antibody against epidermal growth factor receptor, has been approved for the treatment of colorectal carcinoma and head and neck squamous cell carcinoma. There is increasing evidence that cetuximab can reverse the resistance to irinotecan (CPT-11) and oxaliplatin. Since cisplatin (DDP) is a widely used chemotherapeutics this study examined whether cetuximab could reverse the resistance to DDP. Combined treatment with DDP and cetuximab resulted in an increase in the cytotoxicity of DDP in a DDP-sensitive lung cancer cell line (A549), but not in a DDP-resistant derivative (A549/DDP). Meantime, DDP activated the EGFR pathway in A549 cells but not in A549/DDP cells in a ligand-independent fashion. After the expression of excision repair cross-complementation group 1 (ERCC-1) protein was inhibited by small interfering RNA (siRNA), the potential of cetuximab to enhance DDP-mediated cytotoxicity was restored in A549/DDP cells. These data suggested that ERCC-1 was involved in the resistance of cetuximab combined with DDP as overexpression of ERCC-1 prohibits the activation of EGFR pathway, which would facilitate the preselection of lung cancer patients for the treatment of cetuximab combined with DDP.
    Cancer biology & therapy 10/2009; 8(20):1914-21. · 3.29 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: One of the putative mechanisms of tumor immune escape is based on the hypothesis that carcinomas actively create an immunosuppressed state via the expression of indoleamine 2,3-dioxygenase (IDO), both in the cancer cells and in the immune cells among the tumor-draining lymph nodes (TDLN). In an attempt to verify this hypothesis, the patterns of expression of IDO in the cancer cells and the immune cells among colon cancers were examined. Seventy-one cases of pathologically-confirmed colon cancer tissues matched with adjacent non-cancerous tissues, lymph node metastases, and TDLN without metastases were collected at the Sun Yat-sen Cancer Center between January 2000 and December 2000. The expression of IDO and Bin1, an IDO regulator, was determined with an immunohistochemical assay. The association between IDO or Bin1 expression and TNM stages and the 5-year survival rate in colon cancer patients was analyzed. IDO and Bin1 were detected in the cytoplasm of cancer cells and normal epithelium. In primary colon cancer, the strong expression of IDO existed in 9/71 cases (12.7%), while the strong expression of Bin1 existed in 33/71 cases (46.5%). However, similar staining of IDO and Bin1 existed in the adjacent non-cancerous tissues. Among the 41 cases with primary colon tumor and lymph node metastases, decreased expression of IDO was documented in the lymph node metastases. Furthermore, among the TDLN without metastases, a higher density of IDO+cells was documented in 21/60 cases (35%). Both univariate and multivariate analyses revealed that the density of IDO+cells in TDLN was an independent prognostic factor. The patients with a higher density of IDO+cells in TDLN had a lower 5-year survival rate (37.5%) than the cells with a lower density (73.1%). This study demonstrated paradoxical patterns of expression of IDO in colon cancer. The high density IDO+cells existed in TDLN and IDO was down-regulated in lymph nodes with metastases, implying that IDO in tumor and immune cells functions differently.
    Journal of Translational Medicine 09/2009; 7:71. · 3.46 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Beclin 1 is a key modulator bridging autophagy, apoptosis and differentiation. This study investigated the expression of beclin 1 in human colon cancers and its association with clinicopathological characteristics. A total of 115 cases of cancer tissues with intact follow-up data were obtained from colon cancer patients with stage IIIB. The expression of beclin 1 in cancer nest and adjacent normal tissue was examined with immunohistochemistry. The results showed the immunostaining of beclin 1 was distributed in plasma-membrane, cytoplasm and nucleus in tumor cells, which occurred in 98 cases (85.2%) of the 115 patients. No or modest beclin 1 expression was observed in adjacent noncancerous tissues. The higher level of beclin 1 expression strongly associated with longer survival. Both univariate analysis and multivariate analysis showed that the beclin 1 expression and invasive depth of primary mass (T stage) were independent prognostic factors. Additionally, there was no significant correlation of beclin 1 expression with clinicopathological characteristics, such as sex, age, site of primary mass, pathological classification, grade and invasive depth with the nonparametric correlation Kendall's tau-b test.
    Autophagy 05/2009; 5(3):303-6. · 12.04 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Cancer stem cell model suggested that tumor progression is driven by the overpopulation of cancer stem cells and eradicating or inhibiting the symmetric division of cancer stem cells would become the most important therapeutic strategy. However, clinical evidence for this hypothesis is still scarce. To evaluate the overpopulation hypothesis of cancer stem cells the association of percentage of CD133+ tumor cells with clinicopathological parameters in colon cancer was investigated since CD133 is a putative cancer stem cell marker shared by multiple solid tumors. Tumor tissues matched with adjacent normal tissues were collected from 104 stage IIIB colon cancer patients who were subject to radical resection between January, 1999 to July, 2003 in this center. The CD133 expression was examined with immunohistochemical staining. The correlation of the percentage of CD133+ cell with clinicopathological parameters and patients' 5-year survival was analyzed. The CD133+ cells were infrequent and heterogeneous distribution in the cancer tissue. Staining of CD133 was localized not only on the glandular-luminal surface of cancer cells but also on the invasive budding and the poorly differentiated tumors with ductal structures. Both univariate and multivariate survival analysis revealed that the percentage of CD133+ cancer cells and the invasive depth of tumor were independently prognostic. The patients with a lower percentage of CD133+ cancer cells (less than 5%) were strongly associated with a higher 5-year survival rate than those with a higher percentage of CD133+ cancer cells (greater than or equal to 55%). Additionally, no correlation was obtained between the percentage of CD133+ cancer cells and the other clinicopathological parameters including gender, age, site of primary mass, pathologic types, grades, and invasive depth. The fact that a higher percentage CD133+ cells were strongly associated with a poorer prognosis in patients with locally advanced colon cancer implicated that CD133+ cancer cells contribute to the tumor progression, and the overpopulation hypothesis of cancer stem cell seems reasonable.
    Journal of Translational Medicine 02/2009; 7:56. · 3.46 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Primary mucosal malignant melanoma of the nasal cavity, paranasal sinuses, and nasopharynx is rare and current research data of this disease are mainly from western populations. This study was to analyze the clinical characteristics of this disease and prognositic factors. From Jan. 1971 to Jul. 2005, 66 patients with primary nasal mucosal melanoma were treated in Cancer Center of Sun Yat-sen University, China. Demographics and baseline characteristics, treatments, recurrence, metastasis, and survival were documented in hospital records. All records of these patients were analyzed retrospectively. Kaplan-Meier method was used to calculate survival rate; Cox model was used to analyze prognostic factors. Among 44 evaluable cases, 37 were originated from the nasal cavity, 5 from the paranasal sinuses, and 2 from the nasopharynx. Cervical lymphadenopathy at initial presentation occurred in 12 patients. Of the 31 patients received operation-dominated treatment, 8 received adjuvant radiotherapy, 13 received adjuvant chemotherapy, and 6 received adjuvant non-specific immunotherapy. The median time of follow-up was 29 months. Local recurrence, cervical lymphadenopathy, and distant metastasis occurred in 24, 10, and 11 patients, respectively, during follow-up. The median survival time was 24 months and the 5-year survival time was 25%. Clinical stage affected prognosis, whereas age, gender, site, primary tumor mass, and adjuvant therapy were not correlated to survival status. Nasal mucosal melanoma has high incidence of local recurrence and distant metastasis, especially cervical lymphadenopathy. Clinical stage affects the prognosis.
    Ai zheng = Aizheng = Chinese journal of cancer 10/2006; 25(10):1284-6.
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    ABSTRACT: CD4+CD25+ regulatory T lymphocytes (TR) constitute 5-10% of peripheral CD4+ T cells in naive mice and humans, and play an important role in controlling immune responses. Accumulating evidences show that TR cells are involved in some physiological processes and pathologic conditions such as autoimmune diseases, transplantation tolerance and cancer, and might be a promising therapeutic target for these diseases.To evaluate the change of CD4+CD25+ TR cells in mouse tumor models, CD4+CD25+ subset in peripheral blood and spleen lymphocytes from normal or C26 colon-carcinoma-bearing BABL/c mice were analyzed by flow cytometry using double staining with CD4 and CD25 antibodies.The proportion of CD4+CD25+/CD4+ in spleen lymphocytes was found to be higher than that in peripheral blood lymphocytes in normal mice. No difference was observed in the proportion in peripheral blood lymphocytes between tumor bearing mice and normal mice, while there was a significant increase in the proportion in spleen lymphocytes in tumor bearing mice as compared with normal mice. Moreover, the proportion increased in accordance with the increase in the tumor sizes. The increase in the proportion was due to the decrease in CD4+ in lymphocytes, which is resulted from decreased CD4+CD25- subset in lymphocytes. Our observation suggests the CD4+CD25+/CD4+ proportion in spleen lymphocytes might be a sensitive index to evaluate the TR in tumor mouse models, and our results provide some information on strategies of antitumor immunotherapy targeting CD4+CD25+ regulatory T lymphocytes.
    Journal of Translational Medicine 02/2005; 3(1):5. · 3.46 Impact Factor

Publication Stats

160 Citations
5 Downloads
965 Views
47.11 Total Impact Points

Institutions

  • 2012
    • Sun Yat-Sen University Cancer Center
      Shengcheng, Guangdong, China
  • 2009–2010
    • Sun Yat-Sen University
      • State Key Laboratory of Oncology
      Guangzhou, Guangdong Sheng, China
    • Chongqing Medical University
      Ch’ung-ch’ing-shih, Chongqing Shi, China