Angelika Bierhaus

Universität Heidelberg, Heidelburg, Baden-Württemberg, Germany

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Publications (331)1588 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: OBJECTIVE: We evaluated the predictive value and clinical benefit of urinary kidney injury molecule (KIM)-1 for progression of diabetic nephropathy (DN) in type 1 diabetes. We also investigated its causal role for the decrease of estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) by a Mendelian randomization (MR) approach. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS: We followed 1,573 patients with type 1 diabetes for 6 years. KIM-1 was measured at baseline and normalized with urinary creatinine. KIM-1 predictive value was evaluated by Cox regression, while its added predictive benefit was evaluated using a panel of statistical indexes. The causality for the loss of renal function was evaluated with MR, utilizing the top signal from our genome-wide association study (GWAS) as the instrumental variable. RESULTS: KIM-1 was not an independent predictor of progression of DN when adjusted for albumin excretion rate (AER) and added no prognostic benefit to AER or eGFR. In multiple regressions, KIM-1 was associated with lower eGFR independently of diabetes duration (β = -4.066; P < 0.0001) but not of AER. In our GWAS, rs2036402 in the KIM1 gene was strongly associated with KIM-1 (β = -0.51; P = 6.5 × 10-38). In the MR, KIM-1 was associated with lower eGFR, independently of diabetes duration and AER (β = -5.044; P = 0.040), suggesting a causal relationship. CONCLUSIONS: KIM-1 did not predict progression to end-stage renal disease independently of AER and added no prognostic benefit to current biomarkers. Nevertheless, the MR showed that the inverse association of increased KIM-1 levels with lower eGFR is likely to represent a causal link. © 2015 by the American Diabetes Association. Readers may use this article as long as the work is properly cited, the use is educational and not for profit, and the work is not altered.
    Diabetes Care 03/2015; DOI:10.2337/dc14-233 · 8.57 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: We evaluated the predictive value and clinical benefit of urinary kidney injury molecule (KIM)-1 for progression of diabetic nephropathy (DN) in type 1 diabetes. We also investigated its causal role for the decrease of estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) by a Mendelian randomization (MR) approach. We followed 1,573 patients with type 1 diabetes for 6 years. KIM-1 was measured at baseline and normalized with urinary creatinine. KIM-1 predictive value was evaluated by Cox regression, while its added predictive benefit was evaluated using a panel of statistical indexes. The causality for the loss of renal function was evaluated with MR, utilizing the top signal from our genome-wide association study (GWAS) as the instrumental variable. KIM-1 was not an independent predictor of progression of DN when adjusted for albumin excretion rate (AER) and added no prognostic benefit to AER or eGFR. In multiple regressions, KIM-1 was associated with lower eGFR independently of diabetes duration (β = -4.066; P < 0.0001) but not of AER. In our GWAS, rs2036402 in the KIM1 gene was strongly associated with KIM-1 (β = -0.51; P = 6.5 × 10(-38)). In the MR, KIM-1 was associated with lower eGFR, independently of diabetes duration and AER (β = -5.044; P = 0.040), suggesting a causal relationship. KIM-1 did not predict progression to end-stage renal disease independently of AER and added no prognostic benefit to current biomarkers. Nevertheless, the MR showed that the inverse association of increased KIM-1 levels with lower eGFR is likely to represent a causal link. © 2015 by the American Diabetes Association. Readers may use this article as long as the work is properly cited, the use is educational and not for profit, and the work is not altered.
    Diabetes Care 03/2015; DOI:10.2337/dc14-2330 · 8.57 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: We investigated the predictive value of urinary adiponectin (uADP) for the progression of diabetic nephropathy (DN) as well as for the principal determinants of uADP concentrations. uADP was measured in 2,090 patients with type 1 diabetes followed for a median of 5.8 (4.4-6.9) years and in 111 subjects without diabetes. Progression was defined as a change in albuminuria (albumin excretion rate [AER]) to a higher stage or development of end-stage renal disease (ESRD). Various Cox regression and competing risk models were used to evaluate the predictive value of uADP for DN progression. The added predictive benefit to AER or estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) was estimated by the area under the receiver operating characteristic curve, integrated discrimination improvement (IDI), continuous net reclassification improvement (NRI), and other statistical indexes. The determinants of uADP were investigated by multiple regression analyses. uADP was an independent predictor of progression to ESRD (hazard ratio 1.60, P < 0.001) and was an even better predictor than AER (P = 0.04) or as good as eGFR (P = 0.79). Furthermore, uADP added a significant benefit when used together with AER (NRI 0.794, P = 0.03; IDI 0.115, P < 0.0001) or eGFR (NRI 0.637, P < 0.001; IDI 0.087, P < 0.0001). The common determinants of uADP were glycemic control, tubular injury, and AER. uADP is a strong independent predictor of DN progression from macroalbuminuria to ESRD and adds a significant predictive benefit to current biomarkers in patients with type 1 diabetes. © 2015 by the American Diabetes Association. Readers may use this article as long as the work is properly cited, the use is educational and not for profit, and the work is not altered.
    Diabetes Care 02/2015; DOI:10.2337/dc14-2276 · 8.57 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The receptor for AGEs (RAGE) is linked to proinflammatory pathology in a range of tissues. The objective of this study was to assess the potential modulatory role of RAGE in diabetic retinopathy. Diabetes was induced in wild-type (WT) and Rage (-/-) mice (also known as Ager (-/-) mice) using streptozotocin while non-diabetic control mice received saline. For all groups, blood glucose, HbA1c and retinal levels of methylglyoxal (MG) were evaluated up to 24 weeks post diabetes induction. After mice were killed, retinal glia and microglial activation, vasopermeability, leucostasis and degenerative microvasculature changes were determined. Retinal expression of RAGE in WT diabetic mice was increased after 12 weeks (p < 0.01) but not after 24 weeks. Rage (-/-) mice showed comparable diabetes but accumulated less MG and this corresponded to enhanced activity of the MG-detoxifying enzyme glyoxalase I in their retina when compared with WT mice. Diabetic Rage (-/-) mice showed significantly less vasopermeability, leucostasis and microglial activation (p < 0.05-0.001). Rage (-/-) mice were also protected against diabetes-related retinal acellular capillary formation (p < 0.001) but not against pericyte loss. Rage (-/-) in diabetic mice is protective against many retinopathic lesions, especially those related to innate immune responses. Inhibition of RAGE could be a therapeutic option to prevent diabetic retinopathy.
    Diabetologia 02/2015; DOI:10.1007/s00125-015-3523-x · 6.88 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Abstract IntroductionThe role of reactive carbonyl species, such as methylglyoxal (MG) has been overlooked within the context of the sepsis syndrome. The aim of this study was to assess the impact of MG formation in different inflammatory settings and to evaluate its use for early diagnosis as well as prognosis of the sepsis syndrome.MethodsIn total, 120 patients in three groups were enrolled in this observational clinical pilot study. The three groups included patients with septic shock (n =60), postoperative controls (n =30) and healthy volunteers (n =30). Plasma samples from patients with septic shock were collected at sepsis onset, after 24 hours, 4 days, 7 days, 14 days and 28 days. Plasma samples from postoperative controls were collected prior to surgery, immediately following the end of the surgical procedure as well as 24 hours later, and from healthy volunteers once. Plasma levels of MG were determined by high-performance liquid chromatography. Additionally, plasma levels of procalcitonin, C-reactive protein, soluble CD14 subtype and interleukin-6 were determined.ResultsPatients with septic shock showed significantly higher plasma levels of MG at all measured times, compared to postoperative controls. MG was found to identify patients with septic shock more effectively (area under the curve (AUC): 0.993) than procalcitonin (AUC: 0.844), C-reactive protein (AUC: 0.791), soluble CD14 subtype (AUC: 0.832) and interleukin-6 (AUC: 0.898) as assessed by receiver operating characteristic (ROC) analysis. Moreover, plasma levels of MG in non-survivors were significantly higher than in survivors (sepsis onset: P =0.008** for 28-day survival; P =0.018* for 90-day survival). Plasma levels of MG proved to be an early predictor for survival in patients with septic shock (sepsis onset: ROC-AUC 0.710 for 28-day survival; ROC-AUC 0.686 for 90-day survival).ConclusionsMG was identified as a marker for monitoring the onset, development and remission of sepsis, and was found to be more useful than routine diagnostic markers. Further studies are required to determine the extent of MG modification in sepsis and whether targeting this pathway could be therapeutically beneficial to the patient.Trial registrationGerman Clinical Trials Register DRKS00000505. Registered 8 November 2010.
    Critical care (London, England) 12/2014; Dec 12;18(6):683.(6). DOI:10.1186/s13054-014-0683-x
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    ABSTRACT: The aim of this study was to determine the protective effects of human insulin and its analogues, B28Asp human insulin (insulin aspart) and B29Lys(ε-tetradecanoyl),desB30 human insulin (insulin detemir), against glucose-induced lifespan reduction and neuronal damage in the model organism Caenorhabditis elegans and to elucidate the underlying mechanisms.
    Diabetologia 10/2014; 58(2). DOI:10.1007/s00125-014-3415-5 · 6.88 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Objective/Rationale Both the renin-angiotensin system (RAS) and the receptor for advanced glycation end products (RAGE) potentiate diabetes-associated atherosclerosis (DAA). We assessed the effectiveness of concomitant RAS and RAGE inhibition on DAA. Methods Diabetic (5x 55mg/kg streptozotocin daily) and non-diabetic male RAGE/apolipoprotein E double knockout (RAGE/apoE DKO) mice were treated with quinapril (30mg/kg/day) for 20 weeks. At the end of the study aortic plaques were assessed. Results Diabetic RAGE/apoE DKO showed significantly less plaque area than diabetic apoE KO mice. Plaque deposition was almost abolished in quinapril treated diabetic RAGE/apoE DKOs, with significant attenuation of vascular collagen deposition, nitrotyrosine staining, and reduced macrophage infiltration. Expression of the advanced glycation end product receptor 3 (galectin 3) was also significantly reduced. Conclusion Concomitant inhibition of RAS and RAGE signalling almost completely inhibited the development of experimental DAA. A dual therapeutic approach may be a superior strategy for the treatment of diabetic macrovascular diseases Access full text (not typeset, etc.) @ http://library.bakeridi.edu.au/xmlui/
    Atherosclerosis 08/2014; 235(2). DOI:10.1016/j.atherosclerosis.2014.05.945 · 3.97 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Current guidelines for the treatment of type 2 diabetes focus on pharmacological treatment of glucose and cardio-vascular risk factors. The aim of this prospective randomized controlled intervention study was to examine the effects of a psychosocial intervention on clinical endpoints and risk factors in patients with type 2 diabetes and early diabetic kidney disease.110 patients were randomized to receive an 8-week mindfulness-based stress reduction (MBSR) training (n=53) compared to standard care (n=57). The study was carried out open-labelled and randomization was performed computer-generated in a 1:1 ratio. Primary outcome of the study was the change in urinary albumin excretion (albumin-creatinine-ratio, ACR); secondary outcomes were metabolic parameters, intima media thickness (IMT), psychosocial parameters and cardiovascular events.89 patients (42 in control group and 47 in intervention group) were analysed after 3 years of follow-up. After 1 year, the intervention group showed a reduction of ACR from 44 [16/80] to 39 [20/71] mg/g, while controls increased from 47 [16/120] to 59 [19/128] mg/g (p=0.05). Parallel to the reduction of stress levels after 1 year, the intervention-group additionally showed reduced catecholamine levels (p<0.05), improved 24 h-mean arterial (p<0.05) and maximum systolic blood pressure (p<0.01), as well as a reduction in IMT (p<0.01). However, these effects were lost after 2 and 3 years of follow-up.This is the first study to show that a psychosocial intervention improves cardiovascular risk factors in high risk type 2 diabetes patients. Trial-Registration: NCT00263419 http://clinicaltrials.gov/ct2/show/NCT00263419 Trial registration: clinicaltrials.gov-Identifier: NCT00263419.
    Experimental and Clinical Endocrinology & Diabetes 05/2014; 122(6). DOI:10.1055/s-0034-1372583 · 1.76 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Dysregulation of inflammatory adipokines by the adipose tissue plays an important role in obesity-associated insulin resistance. Pathways leading to this dysregulation remain largely unknown. We hypothesized that the receptor for advanced glycation end products (RAGEs) and the ligand N(ε)-(carboxymethyl)lysine (CML) are increased in adipose tissue and, moreover, that activation of the CML-RAGE axis plays an important role in obesity-associated inflammation and insulin resistance. In this study, we observed a strong CML accumulation and increased expression of RAGE in adipose tissue in obesity. We confirmed in cultured human preadipocytes that adipogenesis is associated with increased levels of CML and RAGE expression. Moreover, CML induced a dysregulation of inflammatory adipokines in adipocytes via a RAGE-dependent pathway. To test the role of RAGE in obesity-associated inflammation further, we constructed an obese mouse model that is deficient for RAGE (ie, RAGE(-/-)/Leptr(Db-/-) mice). RAGE(-/-)/Leptr(Db-/-) mice displayed an improved inflammatory profile and glucose homeostasis when compared with RAGE(+/+)/Leptr(Db-/-) mice. In addition, CML was trapped in adipose tissue in RAGE(+/+)/Leptr(Db-/-) mice but not in RAGE(-/-)/Leptr(Db-/-). RAGE-mediated trapping in adipose tissue provides a mechanism underlying CML accumulation in adipose tissue and explaining decreased CML plasma levels in obese subjects. Decreased CML plasma levels in obese individuals were strongly associated with insulin resistance. RAGE-mediated CML accumulation in adipose tissue and the activation of the CML-RAGE axis are an important mechanism involved in the dysregulation of adipokines in obesity, thereby contributing to the development of obesity-associated insulin resistance.
    Arteriosclerosis Thrombosis and Vascular Biology 04/2014; DOI:10.1161/ATVBAHA.113.302281 · 5.53 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: RAGE regulates pro-inflammatory responses in diverse cells and tissues. This study has investigated if RAGE plays a role in immune cell mobilization and choroidal neovascular pathology that is associated with the neovascular form of age-related macular degeneration (nvAMD). RAGE null (RAGE-/-) mice and age-matched wild type (WT) control mice underwent laser photocoagulation to generate choroidal neovascularization (CNV) lesions which were then analyzed for morphology, S100B immunoreactivity and inflammatory cell infiltration. The chemotactic ability of bone marrow derived macrophages (BMDMs) towards S100B was investigated. RAGE expression was significantly increased in the retina during CNV of WT mice (p<0.001). RAGE-/- mice exhibited significantly reduced CNV lesion size when compared to WT controls (p<0.05). S100B mRNA was upregulated in the lasered WT retina but not RAGE-/- retina and S100B immunoreactivity was present within CNV lesions although levels were less when RAGE-/- mice were compared to WT controls. Activated microglia in lesions were considerably less abundant in RAGE-/- mice when compared to WT counterparts (p<0.001). A dose dependent chemotactic migration was observed in BMDMs from WT mice (p<0.05-0.01) but this was not apparent in cells isolated from RAGE-/- mice. RAGE-S100B interactions appear to play an important role in CNV lesion formation by regulating pro-inflammatory and angiogenic responses. This study highlights the role of RAGE in inflammation-mediated outer retinal pathology.
    PLoS ONE 02/2014; 9(2):e89548. DOI:10.1371/journal.pone.0089548 · 3.53 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Adiponectin and urinary adiponectin excretions have been ascribed a function in glomerular physiology and seem to indicate vascular disease in diabetes. The aim of this study was to compare the urinary excretion of albumin and adiponectin as predictors for decline of renal function in patients with type 2 diabetes and early kidney disease. Over 141 patients were screened for renal function (estimated GFR, ml/min*1.73 m(2)), albumin excretion rate (AER, mg/24 h), total as well as high molecular weight (HMW) urinary adiponectin excretion (ng/mol u-creatinine). AER and adiponectin excretion were studied as predictors of renal function after 1 year. After 1 year, 36 patients were in the upper quartile of eGFR decline and defined as progressors (delta eGFR = - 12.3 ± 6.3) while the remaining 105 patients were defined as non-progressors (delta eGFR = 1.4 ± 6.0). At baseline, HMW-adiponectin excretion was positively correlated with HbA1c (p < 0.001) and negatively with eGFR (p < 0.001), but not with AER (p = 0.14). Progressors showed increased urinary HMW-adiponectin at baseline (158[IQR41/479] vs. 65[24/168] ng/mol; p < 0.01), while total adiponectin (182[101/1534] vs. 345[118/1361] ng/mol) and AER (48[23/109] vs. 46[25/108] mg/24 h) excretion showed no differences between the groups. Multivariate logistic regression showed that HMW-adiponectin excretion was an independent predictor of renal progression in all patients (OR 1.86 [95 % CI 1.34-2.59]; p < 0.01), especially in those (n = 45) with normal AER at baseline (OR 2.16 [95 % CI 1.1-4.56]; p < 0.05). Urinary HMW-adiponectin but not AER improved the prediction of progressors in ROC analysis (AUC 0.72 [95 % CI 0.63-0.81] vs. 0.80 [95 % CI 0.71-0.90], p < 0.05). In conclusion, urinary HMW-adiponectin excretion may identify diabetes patients at increased risk for progression of kidney disease.
    Acta Diabetologica 12/2013; 51(3). DOI:10.1007/s00592-013-0542-2 · 3.68 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Diabetic neuropathy is a severe complication of long-standing diabetes and one of the major etiologies of neuropathic pain. Diabetes is associated with an increased formation of reactive oxygen species and the electrophilic dicarbonyl compound methylglyoxal (MG). Here we show that MG stimulates heterologously expressed TRPA1 in CHO cells and natively expressed TRPA1 in MDCK cells and DRG neurons. MG evokes [Ca2+]i-responses in TRPA1 expressing DRG neurons but is without effect in neurons cultured from Trpa1−/− mice. Consistent with a direct, intracellular action, we show that methylglyoxal is significantly more potent as a TRPA1 agonist when applied to the intracellular face of excised membrane patches than to intact cells. Local intraplantar administration of MG evokes a pain response in Trpa1+/+ but not in Trpa1−/− mice. Furthermore, persistently increased MG levels achieved by two weeks pharmacological inhibition of glyoxalase-1 (GLO-1), the rate-limiting enzyme responsible for detoxification of MG, evokes a progressive and marked thermal (cold and heat) and mechanical hypersensitivity in wildtype but not in Trpa1−/− mice. Our results thus demonstrate that TRPA1 is required both for the acute pain response evoked by topical MG and for the long-lasting pronociceptive effects associated with elevated MG in vivo. In contrast to our observations in DRG neurons, MG evokes indistinguishable [Ca2+]i-responses in pancreatic β-cells cultured from Trpa1+/+ and Trpa1−/− mice. In vivo, the TRPA1 antagonist HC030031 impairs glucose clearance in the glucose tolerance test both in Trpa1+/+ and Trpa1−/− mice, indicating a non-TRPA1 mediated effect and suggesting that results obtained with this compound should be interpreted with caution. Our results show that TRPA1 is the principal target for MG in sensory neurons but not in pancreatic β-cells and that activation of TRPA1 by MG produces a painful neuropathy with the behavioral hallmarks of diabetic neuropathy.
    PLoS ONE 12/2013; 8(10):e77986. DOI:10.1371/journal.pone.0077986 · 3.53 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The established marker for tubular damage, urinary n-acetyl-beta-d-glucosaminidase is significantly increased in type 1 and 2 diabetes patients and is related to albuminuria and other diabetic complications. In this cross sectional study of type 2 diabetes patients with a history of albuminuria, we studied the relationship between excretion of n-acetyl-beta-d-glucosaminidase in urine and diabetic neuropathy.160 type 2 diabetes patients were screened for diabetic peripheral neuropathy and cardiovascular autonomic neuropathy. N-acetyl-beta-d-glucosaminidase excretion was detected in 24 h urine samples.Urinary excretion of n-acetyl-beta-d-glucosaminidase correlated significantly with -glucose control (fasting glucose r=0.18; p=0.04; HbA1c r=0.20; p=0.02) and urine albumin excretion (r=0.22; p=0.01). Binary regression analyses showed that increased urinary n-acetyl-beta-d-glucosaminidase concentration is an independent predictor for presence of clinical symptoms of peripheral neuropathy (OR 1.8 [95%CI 1.2-2.74] and vibration deficiency [OR 1.7; 95% CI 1.2-2.66]. There was also a significant negative association between urinary n-acetyl-beta-d-glucosaminidase and E/I-Ratio (r=-0.21, p<0.02) as well as the 30:15-Ratio (r=-0.24; p<0.01) of heart rate variability. Furthermore, increased n-acetyl-beta-d-glucosaminidase excretion independently predicted cardiovascular autonomic diabetic neuropathy with an OR for decreased E/I-Ratio of 1.7 [95%CI 1.1-2.75]; (p<0.02) and 30:15-Ratio:OR 2.4 [95% CI 1.26-4.45]; (p<0.01).Urinary n-acetyl-beta-d-glucosami-nidase excretion is an independent marker for diabetic peripheral and cardiovascular autonomic neuropathy in type 2 diabetic patients.
    Experimental and Clinical Endocrinology & Diabetes 09/2013; 121(10). DOI:10.1055/s-0033-1355384 · 1.76 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The receptor for advanced glycation endproducts (RAGE) is a multiligand receptor and member of the immunoglobulin superfamily. RAGE is mainly involved in tissue damage and chronic inflammatory disorders, sustaining the inflammatory response upon engagement with damage-associated molecular pattern molecules (DAMPs) such as S100 proteins and high-mobility group box 1 (HMGB1). Enhanced expression of RAGE and its ligands has been demonstrated in distinct tumors and several studies support its crucial role in tumor progression and metastasis by still unknown mechanisms. Here we show that RAGE supports hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) formation in the Mdr2−/− mouse model, a prototype model of inflammation-driven HCC formation, which mimics the human pathology. Mdr2−/− Rage−/− (dKO) mice developed smaller and fewer HCCs than Mdr2−/− mice. Interestingly, although in preneoplastic Mdr2−/− livers RAGE ablation did not affect the onset of inflammation, premalignant dKO livers showed reduced liver damage and fibrosis, in association with decreased oval cell activation. Oval cells expressed high RAGE levels and displayed reduced proliferation upon RAGE silencing. Moreover, stimulation of oval cells with HMGB1 promoted an ERK1/2-Cyclin D1-dependent oval cell proliferation in vitro. Finally, genetic and pharmacologic blockade of RAGE signaling impaired oval cell activation in an independent mouse model of oval cell activation, the choline deficient ethionine-supplemented dietary regime. Conclusion: Our data identified a novel function of RAGE in regulating oval cell activation and tumor development in inflammation-associated liver carcinogenesis. (Hepatology 2013)
    Hepatology 07/2013; 58(1). DOI:10.1002/hep.26395 · 11.19 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Methylglyoxal (MG), the major dicarbonyl substrate of the enzyme glyoxalase 1 (GLO1), is a reactive metabolite formed via glycolytic flux. Decreased GLO1 activity in situ has been shown to result in an accumulation of MG and increased formation of advanced glycation endproducts, both of which can accumulate during physiological aging and at an accelerated rate in diabetes and other chronic degenerative diseases. To determine the physiological consequences which result from elevated MG levels and the role of MG and GLO1 in aging, wound healing in young (≤12 weeks) and old (≥52 weeks) wild-type mice was studied. Old mice were found to have a significantly slower rate of wound healing compared to young mice (74.9 ± 2.2 vs. 55.4 ± 1.5% wound closure at day 6; 26% decrease; p < 0.0001). This was associated with decreases in GLO1 transcription, expression and activity. The importance of GLO1 was confirmed in mice by inhibition of GLO1. Direct application of MG to the wounds of young mice, decreased wound healing by 24% compared to untreated mice, whereas application of BSA modified minimally by MG had no effect. Treatment of either young or old mice with aminoguanidine, a scavenger of free MG, significantly increased wound closure by 16% (66.8 ± 1.6 vs. 77.2 ± 3.1%; p < 0.05) and 64% (40.4 ± 7.9 vs. 66.4 ± 5.2%; p < 0.05), respectively, by day 6. As a result of the aminoguanidine treatment, the overall rate of wound healing in the old mice was restored to the level observed in the young mice. These findings were confirmed in vitro, as MG reduced migration and proliferation of fibroblasts derived from young and old, wild-type mice. The data demonstrate that the balance between MG and age-dependent GLO1 downregulation contributes to delayed wound healing in old mice.
    Gerontology 06/2013; 59(5). DOI:10.1159/000351628 · 2.68 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Glyoxalase 1 catalyses the detoxification of methylglyoxal, a major precursor of advanced glycation end products associated with aging, neurodegenerative diseases, and microvascular complications of diabetes. Here, we examine a possible association of a single nucleotide polymorphism of glyoxalase 1 gene (Glo1 A332C, rs4746 or rs2736654) with the prevalence of microvascular diabetic complications in patients with type 1 and type 2 diabetes.Genotyping was performed in 209 patients with type 1 and 524 patients with type 2 diabetes using polymerase chain reaction and subsequent cleavage by restriction endonuclease Bsa I.Frequencies of the glyoxalase 1 genotypes were different with respect to diabetes type with a significantly higher prevalence of A332A-genotype in type 1 diabetes (35.9% vs. 27.3%; p=0.03). In type 1 diabetes, there was no correlation of any genotype with diabetic retinopathy, nephropathy or neuropathy. In contrast, type 2 diabetic patients homozygous for the C332C allele showed a significantly increased prevalence of diabetic neuropathy (p=0.03; OR=1.49 [95%-CI: 1.04; 2.11]), while no association with diabetic nephropathy or retinopathy was found. However, the significance of this association was lost after correction for multiple testing.Our data suggest a possible association of C332C-genotype of the glyoxalase 1 gene with diabetic neuropathy in type 2 diabetes, supporting the hypothesis that methylglyoxal might be an important mediator of diabetic neuropathy in type 2 diabetes.
    Experimental and Clinical Endocrinology & Diabetes 06/2013; 121(7). DOI:10.1055/s-0033-1345124 · 1.76 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Promiscuity of pattern recognition receptors, such as receptor for advanced glycation end products (RAGE), allows for a complex regulatory network controlling inflammation. Scavenging of RAGE ligands by soluble RAGE treatment is effective in reducing delayed-type hypersensitivity (DTH), even in RAGE(-/-) mice by 50% (p < 0.001). This has led to the hypothesis that molecules scavenged by soluble RAGE bind to receptors other than RAGE. This study identifies CD166/ALCAM (ALCAM) as a close structural and functional homolog of RAGE, and it shows that binding of S100B to CD166/ALCAM induces dose- and time-dependent expression of members of the NF-κB family in wild type (WT) and RAGE(-/-) mouse endothelial cells. Blocking CD166/ALCAM expression using small interfering RNA completely inhibited S100B-induced NF-κB activation in RAGE(-/-), but not in WT cells. The in vivo significance of these observations was demonstrated by attenuation of DTH in WT and RAGE(-/-) animals pretreated with CD166/ALCAM small interfering RNA by 50% and 40%, respectively (p < 0.001). Experiments in ALCAM(-/-) animals displayed an only slight reduction of 16% in DTH, explained by compensatory reciprocal upregulation of RAGE in animals devoid of CD166/ALCAM, and vice versa. Consistently, ALCAM(-/-) mice, but not WT mice treated with RAGE small interfering RNA show a 35% reduction in DTH, and ALCAM(-/-) RAGE(-/-) double-knockout mice show a 27% reduction in DTH reaction. Thus, S100B is a proinflammatory cytokine bridging RAGE and CD166/ALCAM downstream effector mechanisms, both being compensatory upregulated after genetic deletion of its counterpart.
    The Journal of Immunology 05/2013; 191(1). DOI:10.4049/jimmunol.1201864 · 5.36 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Aberrant expression of the receptor for advanced glycation end products (RAGE) and its ligands, such as S100/Calgranulins, has been demonstrated in squamous cell carcinomas of the upper aerodigestive tract. However, the question whether RAGE signaling is causally linked with neoplastic transformation of keratinocytes in mucosal epithelia has not been addressed so far. We used the well-established mouse model of 4-nitroquinoline-1-oxide (4-NQO) induced tumorigenesis to investigate tumor development in control and RAGE-deficient (Rage-/-) animals. Although 4-NQO induced lesions of the tongue and the esophagus showed strong induction of the RAGE ligands S100a8 and S100a9, we did not observe any significant difference in tumor incidence or multiplicity between control and Rage-/- mice. Furthermore, detailed analysis of tumor sections by histological and immunohistochemical staining revealed no difference in either the size or histological architecture of dysplastic lesions, tumor cell proliferation, or the number of inflammatory immune cells in the tumor microenvironment. Finally, we detected induced transcript and protein levels of the Toll-like receptor 4 (Tlr4) in 4-NQO induced lesions, suggesting that signaling via the S100-Tlr4 axis may compensate for the lack of RAGE in early stages of tumor development. Our data demonstrate that RAGE is dispensable in the onset of genotoxic induced oral and esophageal squamous cell carcinoma and provide evidence for an alternative pathway of S100-Calgranulin signaling via Tlr4.
    Histology and histopathology 05/2013; · 2.24 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Urinary tract obstruction during nephron development causes tubular apoptosis, tubular atrophy, and interstitial fibrosis. Leukocyte recruitment is critical in the development of obstructive nephropathy leading to interstitial inflammation and renal fibrosis. RAGE, the receptor of advanced glycation end products, is implicated in chronic inflammation and has been recently identified as a novel receptor for the β2-integrin Mac-1, cooperating with ICAM-1 and thereby directly mediating leukocyte recruitment in vivo. Here, we studied the role of RAGE and ICAM-1 in a model of unilateral ureteral obstruction in neonatal mice. Interestingly, the number of infiltrating leukocytes was independent of RAGE and ICAM-1 in the ureteral obstructed neonatal kidney. By contrast, galectin-3, a marker for profibrogenic M2 macrophages, was strongly reduced in ureteral obstructed RAGE and RAGE-Icam1 knockout mice. Snail expression and loss of E-cadherin but not NF-κB activation were attenuated in both knockout models. Epithelial cell cycle arrest at G2/M, which mediates kidney fibrosis, and transforming growth factor-β expression were reduced in ureteral obstructed RAGE knockout mice. Thus, RAGE and ICAM-1 promote renal fibrosis in the developing kidney upon ureteral obstruction. Combined RAGE- and ICAM-1-blocking strategies may prove beneficial in neonatal obstructive nephropathy.Kidney International advance online publication, 15 May 2013; doi:10.1038/ki.2013.171.
    Kidney International 05/2013; 84(5). DOI:10.1038/ki.2013.171 · 8.52 Impact Factor
  • Diabetologie und Stoffwechsel 04/2013; 8(S 01). DOI:10.1055/s-0033-1341908 · 0.31 Impact Factor

Publication Stats

14k Citations
1,588.00 Total Impact Points

Institutions

  • 1991–2015
    • Universität Heidelberg
      • • Institute of Clinical Chemistry
      • • I. Medical Clinic
      • • Department of Internal Medicine I, Endocrinology and Metabolism
      • • Medical Psychology
      Heidelburg, Baden-Württemberg, Germany
  • 2011
    • University of Alabama at Birmingham
      • Department of Medicine
      Birmingham, AL, United States
    • University of Iowa Children's Hospital
      Iowa City, Iowa, United States
  • 2009
    • Technische Universität München
      • Medizinische Klinik und Poliklinik II
      München, Bavaria, Germany
    • Columbia University
      • College of Physicians and Surgeons
      New York City, NY, United States
  • 1996–2009
    • Technische Universität Dresden
      • • Institut für Anatomie
      • • Institute of Pathology
      Dresden, Saxony, Germany
    • Universität Regensburg
      Ratisbon, Bavaria, Germany
  • 2007
    • Thomas Jefferson University
      Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, United States
    • Heinrich-Heine-Universität Düsseldorf
      • German Diabetes Center
      Düsseldorf, North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany
  • 2005
    • Friedrich-Alexander Universität Erlangen-Nürnberg
      • Department of Neurology
      Erlangen, Bavaria, Germany
  • 2001–2003
    • University of Greifswald
      • Department of Laboratory Animal Science
      Griefswald, Mecklenburg-Vorpommern, Germany
  • 1999–2002
    • University of Tuebingen
      • Department of Internal Medicine
      Tübingen, Baden-Württemberg, Germany
  • 2000
    • University of Vienna
      Wien, Vienna, Austria
  • 1997
    • Hebrew University of Jerusalem
      • Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology
      Yerushalayim, Jerusalem, Israel
  • 1994
    • Bernhard Nocht Institute for Tropical Medicine
      Hamburg, Hamburg, Germany