Joseph Lindsay

Washington Hospital Center, Washington, Washington, D.C., United States

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Publications (255)1191.53 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: Systemic embolization threatens patients with atrial fibrillation (AF). The risk is enhanced at the time of cardioversion. Transesophageal echocardiography (TEE) prior to cardioversion to screen for left atrial thrombus (LAT), a marker of high risk for embolization, is recommended for many patients with AF. To determine clinical and echocardiographic factors associated with LAT formation in AF. Data from 600 consecutive patients with AF undergoing TEE prior to cardioversion for the detection of LAT were analyzed. Clinical, laboratory, and echocardiographic parameters were abstracted from the clinical record. TEE identified LAT in 70 (11.6%) and dense (LA) spontaneous echo contrast (SEC) in 156 (26%). Baseline characteristics and echocardiographic parameters of patients with or without LAT are compared. A prior myocardial infarction, 21 (29.4 %) vs. 31 (5.8), (p<0.001); hypertension, 60 (85.7%) vs. 386 (72.8), (p 0.02); CHADS2≥2, 56 (80%) vs. 308 (58.1%), (p<0.001) prevalence was higher in patients with LAT. Patients with LAT had lower ejection fraction 38.2±15.6 vs. 46.2±14.5, (p<0.001); higher LA diameter 4.98±0.7 vs. 4.52±0.7, (p<0.001); dense LA SEC 44 (62.8) vs. 112 (21.1), (p<0.001); and low LA appendage emptying velocity 21.7±12.9 vs. 37.5±19.4, (p<0.001). Multivariate analysis was done, and it revealed that low LA emptying velocity had the strongest independent association with LAT (HR 0.89 [CI 0.83-0.96], p value <0.001. LAT is not an uncommon finding of AF patients prior to cardioversion. The current practice of TEE examination may be justified since neither clinical nor routine 2D echo examinations reliably identify LAT. Copyright © 2014. Published by Elsevier Inc.
    Cardiovascular revascularization medicine: including molecular interventions 02/2015; 16(1):12-4.
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    ABSTRACT: Lifestyle modifications are the crux of atherosclerotic disease management. The goal of this study was to determine the effectiveness of diet and exercise in decreasing coronary and carotid atherosclerotic burden. Randomized controlled trials examining the effects of intensive lifestyle measures on atherosclerotic progression in coronary and carotid arteries as measured by baseline and follow-up quantitative coronary angiogram and ultrasonographic carotid intimal-medial thickness (CIMT), respectively, were included. Studies were excluded if the intervention additionally included a medication. MEDLINE, EMBASE, CINAHL, Cochrane Controlled Trials Registers, reports, and abstracts from major cardiology meetings were searched by 2 researchers independently and verified by the primary investigator. Standardized mean difference (SMD) with 95% confidence intervals (CIs) was calculated using random-effects model. Publication bias and heterogeneity were assessed. Fourteen trials were included. Seven used quantitative coronary angiogram, and 7 used CIMT; 1,343 lesions in 340 patients in the coronary group and 919 patients in the carotid group were analyzed. Overall, lifestyle modifications were associated with a decrease in coronary atherosclerotic burden in percent stenosis by -0.34 (95% CI -0.48 to -0.21) SMD, with no significant publication bias and heterogeneity (p = 0.21, I(2) = 28.25). Similarly, in the carotids, there was a decrease in the CIMT, in millimeter, by -0.21 (95% CI -0.36 to -0.05) SMD and by -0.13 (95% CI -0.25 to -0.02) SMD, before and after accounting for publication bias and heterogeneity (p = 0.13, I(2) = 39.91; p = 0.54, I(2) = 0), respectively. In conclusion, these results suggest that intensive lifestyle modifications are associated with a decrease in coronary and carotid atherosclerotic burden. Copyright © 2014 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
    The American Journal of Cardiology 10/2014; · 3.43 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Devices utilizing near-infrared (NIR) spectroscopy have been used to assess regional intracerebral oxygen saturation (rSO2) during anaesthesia for a decade. The presence of wide differences among individuals reduces their applicability to steady-state measurements. Current devices may not adequately account for variations in skin pigmentation.
    BJA British Journal of Anaesthesia 10/2014; · 4.35 Impact Factor
  • Sunny Jhamnani, Anthon Fuisz, Joseph Lindsay
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    ABSTRACT: Descriptions of the significance of ST segment or QRS abnormalities in myocarditis are limited because documentation of the diagnosis has previously required myocardial biopsy. Late gadolinium enhancement (LGE) and T2 weighted imaging in the midventricular wall on cardiac magnetic resonance imaging (CMRI) has a very good positive predictive value for the diagnosis of myocarditis. We hypothesized to reexplore the diagnostic value of these electrocardiographic (ECG) changes in myocarditis by utilizing CMRI as the reference standard.
    Journal of Electrocardiology 08/2014; · 1.36 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Patients with severe aortic stenosis and no obstructed coronary arteries are reported to have reduced coronary flow. Doppler evaluation of proximal coronary flow is feasible using transesophageal echocardiography. The present study aimed to assess the change in coronary flow in patients with severe aortic stenosis undergoing transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI). The left main coronary artery was visualized using transesophageal echocardiography in 90 patients undergoing TAVI using the Edwards SAPIEN valve. The peak systolic and diastolic velocities of the coronary flow and the time-velocity integral were obtained before and after TAVI using pulse-wave Doppler. Mean aortic gradients decreased from 47.1 ± 15.7 mm Hg before TAVI to 3.6 ± 2.6 mm Hg after TAVI (p <0.001). The aortic valve area increased from 0.58 ± 0.17 to 1.99 ± 0.35 cm(2) (p <0.001). The cardiac output increased from 3.4 ± 1.1 to 3.8 ± 1.0 L/min (p <0.001). Left ventricular end-diastolic pressure (LVEDP) decreased from 19.8 ± 5.4 to 17.3 ± 4.1 mm Hg (p <0.001). The following coronary flow parameters increased significantly after TAVI: peak systolic velocity 24.2 ± 9.3 to 30.5 ± 14.9 cm/s (p <0.001), peak diastolic velocity 49.8 ± 16.9 to 53.7 ± 22.3 cm/s (p = 0.04), total velocity-time integral 26.7 ± 10.5 to 29.7 ± 14.1 cm (p = 0.002), and systolic velocity-time integral 6.1 ± 3.7 to 7.7 ± 5.0 cm (p = 0.001). Diastolic time-velocity integral increased from 20.6 ± 8.7 to 22.0 ± 10.1 cm (p = 0.04). Total velocity-time integral increased >10% in 43 patients (47.2%). Pearson's correlation coefficient revealed the change in LVEDP as the best correlate of change in coronary flow (R = -0.41, p = 0.003). In conclusion, TAVI resulted in a significant increase in coronary flow. The change in coronary flow was associated mostly with a decrease in LVEDP.
    The American Journal of Cardiology 07/2014; · 3.43 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: An intraoperative decline in regional cerebral oxygen saturation (rSO2) has been associated with postoperative injury to the central nervous system. Wide individual variation in steady-state cerebral oxygen saturation limits the clinical use of rSO2 to monitoring during anesthesia and surgical procedures. Recently, low preoperative rSO2 has been proposed as a predictor of adverse postoperative outcomes in cardiovascular operations. We compared the sensitivity and specificity of preinduction rSO2 as a predictor of adverse operative events and compared this to the widely accepted risk index developed by the Society for Thoracic Surgeons. 2,097 consecutive white patients who underwent cardiac operations from 2010 through 2012 were included. In 1,496 patients (group 1) the preinduction rSO2 was equal to or greater than 60%, whereas in the remaining 601 patients (group 2) it was below 60%. We compared the predictive accuracy of preinduction rSO2 with that of the STS mortality risk score by means of standard statistical techniques, including a receiver operating curve characteristic analysis. Patients with a preinduction rSO2 below 60% had significantly higher STS mortality risk scores than did patients with an rSO2 equal to or greater than 60% (2.0 vs 4.0, p < 0.001). Those with an rSO2 below 60% experienced higher operative mortality (p < 0.001) and after adjustment this determination emerged as an independent predictor of increased mortality (p < 0.001). Receiver operating characteristic curve analysis demonstrated that the rSO2 was slightly less accurate as a mortality predictor (area under the curve: 0.71 vs 0.85). Measurement of rSO2 is considerably less complex than calculation of the STS score and is only slightly less accurate as a predictor of operative mortality. It may be useful when the STS mortality risk score cannot be calculated.
    The Annals of thoracic surgery 05/2014; · 3.45 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The diagnosis and the management of traumatic thoracic aortic injuries have undergone significant changes due to new technology and improved prehospital care. Most of the discussions have focused on descending aortic injuries. In this review, we discuss the recent management of ascending aortic injuries. We found 5 cohort studies on traumatic aortic injuries and 11 case reports describing ascending aortic injuries between 1998 to the present through Medline research. Among case reports, 78.9% of cases were caused by motor vehicle accidents (MVA). 42.1% of patients underwent emergent open repair and the operative mortality was 12.5%. 36.8% underwent delayed repair. Associated injuries occurred in 84.2% of patients. Aortic valve injury was concurrent in 26.3% of patients. The incidence of ascending aortic injury ranged 1.9-20% in cohort studies. Traumatic injuries to the ascending aorta are relatively uncommon among survivors following blunt trauma. Aortography has been replaced by computed tomography and echocardiography as a diagnostic tool. Open repair, either emergent or delayed, remains the treatment of choice. doi: 10.1111/jocs.12237 (J Card Surg 2013;28:749-755).
    Journal of Cardiac Surgery 11/2013; 28(6):749-55. · 1.35 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: To determine whether staged percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) within the same hospitalization as primary PCI is safe. In ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) patients with multivessel disease undergoing primary PCI, staged non-culprit vessel PCI at a separate session is recommended. We conducted a retrospective analysis of 282 consecutive STEMI patients with multivessel disease who underwent primary PCI followed by staged PCI of the non-culprit vessel. Patients were categorized into staged PCI in the same hospitalization (n=184) and staged PCI at a separate hospitalization within 8 weeks of primary PCI (n=98). Baseline characteristics, presentation of STEMI, and procedural characteristics were similar in both groups. Contrast amount was higher in the separate hospitalization group for both index (175 vs. 153 ml, p=0.011) and staged (144 vs. 120 ml, p=0.004) procedures. More staged left main PCI was performed in the separate hospitalization group (3.9 vs. 0.3%, p=0.008). Angiographic success of staged PCI was similar in both groups, with similar rates of vascular complications and major bleeding. Following staged PCI, in-hospital major adverse cardiac events (3.3 vs. 1.0%, p=0.43) and mortality (2.7 vs. 0%, p=0.17) were similar in both groups. Our study supports the safety and feasibility of staged PCI within the same hospitalization as primary PCI, achieving similar procedural success and in-hospital outcomes as staged PCI at a separate hospitalization. Higher contrast amount used during primary PCI and presence of left main lesion in non-culprit vessels may influence the decision to stage the PCI at a separate hospitalization.
    Cardiovascular revascularization medicine: including molecular interventions 09/2013; 14(5):258-63.
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    ABSTRACT: Transesophageal echocardiography (TEE) is commonly used before atrial flutter (AFl) ablation to detect atrial thrombus (AT) and thereby identify a heightened risk for systemic embolism both in patients with their initial episodes of AFl and in those with prior episodes whose anticoagulation has been inadequate. This treatment strategy has been extrapolated from guidelines for atrial fibrillation. In fact, limited data exist regarding the prevalence or clinical associations of AT and spontaneous echocardiographic contrast (SEC) in patients with AFl. Both AT and SEC are believed to represent risk factors for systemic embolization. This study was designed to provide further insight into the prevalence of these and their associated clinical findings. The results of transesophageal echocardiographic examinations in 347 consecutive patients with AFl in whom radiofrequency ablation procedures were planned were reviewed. In each case, specific care was taken to identify AT and SEC. The presence of either AT or more than mild SEC was considered to reflect a thrombogenic milieu (TM). Clinical and echocardiographic data were analyzed to determine the frequency and relevant clinical associations of these two markers of increased thromboembolic risk. In addition to determining the prevalence of AT and TM, the study sought to identify predictors of their presence short of TEE that might allow that procedure to be avoided. AT were found in 19 of the 347 patients (5.4%). TM was present in 39 patients (11.2%). SEC was associated with reduced left atrial appendage emptying velocity (P < .001). History of myocardial infarction (P = .02) was associated with AT. Reduced left ventricular ejection fraction (P = .01), reduced left atrial appendage emptying velocity (P < .001), diabetes mellitus (P = .02), congestive heart failure (P = .04), and chronic renal insufficiency (P = .05) were associated with a TM. Allowing for multiple comparisons, the significant markers of the risk for systemic embolization could be obtained only from TEE. Although there are several interesting clinical and echocardiographic associations with AT and a TM, none were strong enough to obviate the need for TEE.
    Journal of the American Society of Echocardiography: official publication of the American Society of Echocardiography 07/2013; · 2.98 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND: The incidence of cardiovascular events had been shown to be associated with C-reactive protein (CRP). However, it is unclear that the cardiovascular risk associated with CRP is due to progressive coronary narrowing or to other factors such as formation of unstable plaque. This study was designed to determine the effect of baseline CRP on cardiovascular events and on the progression of atherosclerotic narrowing among 423 postmenopausal women with angiographic stenosis between 15% and 75%. HYPOTHESIS: Baseline CRP levels may affect cardiovascular events and progression of atherosclerotic coronary artery narrowing among postmenopausal women. METHODS: Baseline and follow-up (2.8 years) angiographic data were analyzed among 320 women. Women were stratified into 4 quartiles according to baseline CRP levels. The changes in lumen diameter and clinical events in each quartile were compared. RESULTS: The annualized changes in minimal and average lumen diameter in diseased and nondiseased coronary segments were not significantly associated with baseline CRP levels. The composite end point of all-cause mortality and myocardial infarction (MI) increased from 3% (3/107) in the first CRP quartile to 14% (14/98) in fourth CRP quartile (P < 0.001). Similar results were found for cardiovascular death and MI (increased from 1% (2/107) in the first quartile to 11% (11/98) in fourth quartile). The difference remained significant even after adjustment for baseline differences and cardiovascular risk factors. CONCLUSIONS: Higher baseline CRP was associated with increased risk of clinical events but was not associated with annualized change in luminal diameters. Thus, increased risk of adverse events among patients with higher baseline CRP events was independent of progression of atherosclerosis as measured by change in minimal or average luminal diameter.
    Clinical Cardiology 06/2013; · 2.23 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Brain natriuretic peptide (BNP) is a marker of systolic and diastolic dysfunction and a strong predictor of mortality in heart failure patients. The present study aimed to assess the relationship of BNP with aortic stenosis (AS) severity and prognosis. The cohort comprised 289 high-risk patients with severe AS who were referred for transcatheter aortic valve implantation. Patients were divided into tertiles based on BNP level: I (n = 96); II (n = 95), and III (n = 98). Group III patients were more symptomatic, had higher Society of Thoracic Surgeons and EuroSCORE scores, and had a greater prevalence of renal failure, atrial fibrillation, and previous myocardial infarction; lower ejection fraction and cardiac output; and higher pulmonary pressure and left ventricular end diastolic pressure. The degree of AS did not differ among the 3 groups. Stepwise forward multiple regression analysis identifies ejection fraction and pulmonary artery systolic pressure as independent correlates with plasma BNP. Mortality rates during a median follow-up of 319 days (range 110 to 655) were significantly lower in Group I compared with Groups II and III, p <0.001. After multivariable adjustment, the strongest correlates for mortality were renal failure (hazard ratio 1.44, p = 0.05) and medical/balloon aortic valvuloplasty (HR 2.2, p <0.001). Mean BNP decreased immediately after balloon aortic valvuloplasty from 1,595 ± 1,229 to 1,252 ± 1,076, p = 0.001 yet increased to 1,609 ± 1,264, p = 0.9 at 1 to 12 months. After surgical aortic valve replacement, there was a nonsignificant, immediate decrease in BNP level from 928 ± 1,221 to 896 ± 1,217, p = 0.77, continuing up to 12 months 533 ± 213, p = 0.08. After transcatheter aortic valve implantation, there was no significant decrease in BNP immediately after the procedure; however, at 1-year follow-up, the mean BNP level decreased significantly from 568 ± 582 to 301 ± 266 pg/dl, p = 0.03. In conclusion, a high BNP level in high-risk patients with severe AS is not an independent marker for higher mortality. BNP level does not appear to be significantly associated with the degree of AS severity but does reflect heart failure status.
    The American journal of cardiology 05/2013; · 3.58 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: End-stage renal disease and mild renal insufficiency are associated with increased cardiovascular risk. Cystatin C, a novel marker of kidney function, was found to be associated with a higher frequency of cardiovascular events and mortality independent of glomerular filtration rate. It remained uncertain, however, whether enhanced cardiovascular risk associated with cystatin C is due to accelerated progression of atherosclerosis or to plaque instability. The aim of this study was to examine the effects of baseline cystatin C on annual change in coronary artery narrowing and clinical events in 423 postmenopausal women with angiographically documented coronary artery disease enrolled in the Women's Angiographic Vitamin and Estrogen (WAVE) trial. Baseline and follow-up (mean 2.8 ± 0.9 years) angiography was performed in 320 women. Angiographic progression of disease and clinical events in each cystatin C quartile were compared. Women with cystatin C levels in the highest quartile were older and more likely to have histories of heart failure and stroke. Annualized changes in minimal and average luminal diameters were similar in diseased and nondiseased segments. All-cause death or myocardial infarction (3.6% vs 15.6%, p <0.001), cardiovascular death or myocardial infarction (2.3% vs 13.5%, p <0.001), and cardiovascular events (3.6% vs 13.5%, p <0.001) were significantly higher in women with baseline cystatin C levels in the highest quartile compared with women with cystatin C levels in the lower 3 quartiles. The risk for clinical events associated with cystatin C remained significantly higher in multivariate logistic regression analysis after adjusting for baseline differences and cardiovascular risk factors. The risk for clinical events was also independent of estimated glomerular filtration rate. In conclusion, in postmenopausal women with angiographically documented coronary artery disease, baseline cystatin C levels were associated with worse clinical outcomes without accelerated progression of atherosclerosis.
    The American journal of cardiology 03/2013; · 3.58 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The aim of this study was to assess the effect of diabetes mellitus (DM) and glycosylated hemoglobin (HbA(1c)) on the progression of atherosclerosis in postmenopausal women. A retrospective analysis of the Women's Angiographic and Vitamin and Estrogen (WAVE) trial, a multicenter randomized trial on progression of atherosclerosis in postmenopausal women, was performed. Baseline and follow-up angiography was performed in 320 women. Minimum luminal diameter and average luminal diameter at baseline and follow-up were measured in 1,735 coronary segments. Measurements and adverse events were grouped on the basis of history of DM and HbA(1c). DM was associated with more total cardiac events but with similar rates of death or myocardial infarction. There were greater reductions in minimum luminal diameter and average luminal diameter in segments from patients with known DM (p <0.001) and with a baseline HbA(1c) ≥6.5% (p = 0.002 and p = 0.004, respectively). The greater reductions in minimum luminal diameter and average luminal diameter in the higher HbA(1c) strata were only in patients with known DM. More new lesions, however, appeared with baseline HbA(1c) ≥5.7%, irrespective of a history of DM. In conclusion, the relation between DM and the progression of coronary narrowing in postmenopausal women is complex. Clinically apparent DM, not elevated HbA(1c) alone, appears to promote the progression of established coronary lesions even in HbA(1c) ranges diagnostic of pre-DM and DM. This raises the possibility that coronary narrowing of existing stenosis in women with DM may be due to negative remodeling, a complex process that might be less dependent on hyperglycemia than new lesion formation.
    The American journal of cardiology 01/2013; · 3.58 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The randomized TRial to Assess Improvement in Therapeutic Outcomes by Optimizing Platelet InhibitioN with Prasugrel-Thrombolysis In Myocardial Infarction (TRITON-TIMI) 38 trial compared prasugrel and clopidogrel in patients with acute coronary syndrome undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). Patients treated with prasugrel had fewer ischemic events but more procedure-related bleeding. In the present study, we aimed to determine the effect of bivalirudin on bleeding in patients treated with prasugrel. A total of 692 patients with consecutive acute coronary syndrome underwent PCI with stent implantation and were anticoagulated with bivalirudin. The patients were divided into 2 groups according to the antiplatelet regimen (clopidogrel or prasugrel) chosen during or just after PCI. The bleeding complications during hospitalization were tabulated. Ischemic events were analyzed during hospitalization and at 30 days. Prasugrel was used in 96 patients (13.9%) and clopidogrel in 596 (86.1%). The clinical and procedural characteristics were similar, although the clopidogrel patients more often reported systemic hypertension (p = 0.01), previous PCI (p <0.001), and chronic renal insufficiency (p = 0.05). During hospitalization, the bleeding and ischemic complication rates were similar and low in both groups (major in-hospital complications 4.2% for clopidogrel vs 2.1% for prasugrel, p = 0.6; Thrombolysis In Myocardial Infarction major bleeding 2.5% vs 2.1%, p = 1.00; Thrombolysis In Myocardial Infarction minor bleeding 4.2% vs 5.2%, p = 0.6). At 30 days, no differences were found in ischemic events between both groups (target vessel revascularization/major adverse cardiac events 5.4% vs 2.1%, p = 0.2). In conclusion, prasugrel, when given after bivalirudin as the intraprocedural antithrombin agent for patients with acute coronary syndrome undergoing PCI, is as safe and effective as clopidogrel.
    The American journal of cardiology 12/2012; · 3.58 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to determine success- and complication rates after balloon aortic valvuloplasty (BAV) and the outcome of BAV as a standalone therapy versus BAV as a bridge to transcatheter/surgical aortic valve replacement (T/SAVR). BACKGROUND: The introduction of transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR) has led to a revival in BAV as treatment for patients with severe aortic stenosis. METHODS: A cohort of 472 patients underwent 538 BAV procedures. The cohort was divided into two groups: BAV alone 387 (81.9%) and BAV as a bridge 85 (18.1%) to (n=65, TAVR; n=20, surgery). Clinical, hemodynamic, and follow-up mortality data were collected. RESULTS: There was no significant difference between the two groups in mean age (81.7±8.3 vs. 83.2±10.9 years, p=0.18), Society of Thoracic Surgeons score (13.1±6.2 and 12.4±6.4, p=0.4), logistic EuroSCORE (45.4±22.3 vs. 46.9±21.8, p=0.43), and other co-morbidities. The mean increase in aortic valve area was 0.39±0.25 in the BAV alone group and 0.42±0.26 in the BAV as a bridge group, p=0.33. The decrease in mean gradient was 24.1±13.1 in the BAV alone group vs. 27.1±13.8 in the BAV as a bridge group, p=0.06. During a median follow up of 183 days [54-409], the mortality rate was 55.2% (n=214) in the BAV alone group vs. 22.3% (n=19) in the BAV as a bridge group during a median follow-up of 378 days [177-690], p <0.001. CONCLUSION: In high-risk patients with aortic stenosis and temporary contraindications to SAVR/TAVR, BAV may be used as a bridge to intervention with good mid-term outcomes. © 2012 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.
    Catheterization and Cardiovascular Interventions 09/2012; · 2.51 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The appearance of cognitive dysfunction after cardiac surgery in the absence of focal neurologic signs, a poorly understood but potentially devastating complication, almost certainly results from procedure-related brain injury. Confirmation of the occurrence of perioperative silent brain injury has been developed through advances in magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) techniques. These techniques detect new brain lesions in 25% to 50% of patients after both coronary artery bypass graft and valve surgery. Use of post-operative cognitive dysfunction as a marker of brain injury is problematic because of potential difficulties in ascertainment. It can be hypothesized that post-operative appearance of MRI lesions may serve as a more objective marker of brain injury in research efforts. If MRI examination can be used in this way, then 2 vitally important questions can be addressed. 1) What is the frequency of important, but silent, brain injury during cardiac surgery? 2) Does long-term cognitive impairment ensue? This review briefly discusses clinical features of post-operative cognitive dysfunction and reviews the evidence supporting a possible association with MRI evidence of perioperative brain injury and its potential for long-term dementia. We conclude that this association is plausible, but not yet firmly established.
    Journal of the American College of Cardiology 08/2012; 60(9):791-7. · 15.34 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to compare percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) with direct stenting (DS) to balloon pre-dilatation (PD) for patients undergoing elective PCI to determine whether there is an independent value for DS with regard to clinical outcomes. BACKGROUND: The safety of PCI with DS has been established, but the independent advantages of this technique are not entirely clear. METHODS: Patients undergoing elective PCI from 1/2000 to 12/2010 were included. The post-procedural and late clinical outcomes of 444 patients who underwent PCI with DS were compared with a propensity-matched population of 444 subjects treated with PD. RESULTS: The two groups were well matched to 27 baseline clinical, procedural, and angiographic characteristics, thus allowing for a more accurate evaluation of the independent value of the stenting technique. Intravascular ultrasound was used in more than 60% of interventions in both groups. PCI performed with PD were longer (DS 45 ± 19.28 vs. PD 56 ± 23.72 minutes, p ≤0.001), used more contrast (DS 154 ± 65.88 vs. PD 186 ± 92.84 cc, p ≤0.001), and more frequently used balloon post-dilation (DS 0% vs. PD 27.3%, p ≤0.001). The incidence of periprocedural myocardial infarction (PPMI) was similar between DS- and PD patients (5.3% vs. 5.4%, p=0.91). Likewise, the 1-year rates of major adverse cardiac events (8.4% vs. 6.3%, p=0.25), target lesion revascularization (3.9% vs. 2.5%, p=0.24), and definite stent thrombosis (0.2% vs. 0.9%, p=0.37) were similar among DS and PD patients, respectively. CONCLUSION: During elective PCI, DS decreases overall procedure time and resource utilization, but fails to reveal an independent clinical advantage as there is no demonstrable benefit in regard to the incidence of PPMI, restenosis, or overall clinical outcomes up to 1-year of follow-up. © 2012 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.
    Catheterization and Cardiovascular Interventions 08/2012; 81(6). · 2.51 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Disturbances in atrioventricular conduction and the additional need for a permanent pacemaker are recognized complications after transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR). We analyzed the incidence of postprocedural conduction disorders and the need for permanent pacemaker implantation in patients undergoing TAVR with the Edwards SAPIEN valve. In 125 consecutive patients with symptomatic, severe aortic stenosis undergoing TAVR, a standard 12-lead electrocardiogram was obtained before and serially after the procedure. The cohort was divided into 2 groups with regard to the post-TAVR appearance of conduction disturbances, defined as left bundle branch block, right bundle branch block, fascicular hemiblock, atrioventricular block, and the need for a permanent pacemaker. The patients with and without conduction disturbances were compared. After TAVR, 19 patients (15.2%) met the study definition of a "new conduction defect" and 5 patients (4%) required a permanent pacemaker because of an advanced atrioventricular block. New left bundle branch block appeared in 5 patients (4%) and left anterior hemiblock in 9 (7.2%). No new right bundle branch block or left posterior hemiblock was observed. Although most baseline, echocardiographic, and procedural characteristics were equally distributed, the patients with new conduction disturbances more often had diabetes mellitus and peripheral vascular disease. Also, they more often were taking an angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitor or angiotensin II receptor blocker, and the procedure was performed more often with apical access (12 [63.2%] vs 7 with femoral access [36.8%], p = 0.002). In conclusion, although the incidence of conduction disturbances was high after TAVR using the Edwards SAPIEN valve, with a significant increase in the rate of left bundle branch block and left anterior hemiblock, the need for permanent pacemaker implantation after TAVR with this valve remained low.
    The American journal of cardiology 07/2012; 110(8):1164-8. · 3.58 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Recent randomized clinical trials have demonstrated that transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI) reduces mortality in high-risk patients with aortic stenosis who are not candidates for aortic valve replacement (AVR). In similar patients who are acceptable candidates for AVR, TAVI provides equivalent outcomes to AVR. In this study, 900 patients with severe aortic stenosis at high surgical risk were evaluated as possible candidates for TAVI. Of these, 595 (66.1%) had neither TAVI nor AVR and constituted the medical arm. In addition to the best available conservative care, 345 patients (39.3%) in this group had balloon aortic valvuloplasty. The AVR arm consisted of 146 patients (16.2%) and the TAVI arm of 159 patients (17.6%). The AVR group had significantly lower clinical risk compared to the medical and TAVI groups, with lower mean age, Society of Thoracic Surgeons score, and logistic European System for Cardiac Operative Risk Evaluation score. Patients in the medical and balloon aortic valvuloplasty group had significantly higher B-type natriuretic peptide levels compared to those in the AVR and TAVI groups and had, on average, lower ejection fractions. The medical and balloon aortic valvuloplasty group was followed for a median of 206 days; the mortality rate was 46.6% (n = 277). The AVR group was followed for 628 days; 39 patients died (26.7%). In 399 days of follow-up, the mortality rate in the TAVI group was 30.8% (n = 49). In conclusion, patients with severe AS who did not undergo TAVI or AVR had high mortality. In properly selected patients, TAVI and AVR improve outcomes. Renal failure is the strongest correlate for adverse outcomes, irrespective of treatment group.
    The American journal of cardiology 06/2012; 110(7):1008-14. · 3.58 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Background:  Percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) of complex lesions (i.e., American College of Cardiology/American Heart Association class type C) remains challenging and the outcome may be compromised. The use of intravascular ultrasound (IVUS) to guide PCI was suggested to improve outcome. Methods: A cohort of 1,984 patients who underwent PCI to type C lesions in our center from April 2000 to March 2010 was identified. Using propensity score matching with clinical and angiographic characteristics, we identified 637 patients who underwent IVUS guidance and 637 patients who had only angiographic guidance PCI. Major adverse cardiovascular events (MACE), a composite end-point of all-cause mortality, Q-wave myocardial infarction and target lesion revascularization, were compared between the 2 groups. Results: After propensity score matching, baseline clinical and angiographic characteristics were well matched. Patients undergoing IVUS-guided PCI had less predilatation and more postdilatation, and were treated more often with cutting balloon. Final diameter stenosis was significantly smaller in the IVUS-guided group (3 ± 11% vs. 7 ± 19%, P < 0.001), resulting in higher angiographic success compared with the non-IVUS-guided group (97.9% vs. 94.8%, P < 0.001). The incidence of MACE was significantly lower in the IVUS-guided group compared to the angiography-guided group (11.0% vs. 15.6%, P = 0.017) as was cardiac death (1.9% vs. 4.4%, P = 0.010). Conclusion: IVUS-guided PCI for complex type C lesions is associated with better outcome and should be considered for these lesions. (J Interven Cardiol 2012;25:452-459).
    Journal of Interventional Cardiology 06/2012; 25(5):452-9. · 1.50 Impact Factor

Publication Stats

4k Citations
1,191.53 Total Impact Points


  • 1980–2015
    • Washington Hospital Center
      Washington, Washington, D.C., United States
  • 1987–2014
    • Washington DC VA Medical Center
      Washington, Washington, D.C., United States
  • 2013
    • MedStar Health Research Institute
      Maryland, United States
    • Virginia Commonwealth University
      Richmond, Virginia, United States
    • District of Columbia Department of Health
      Washington, Washington, D.C., United States
  • 2005
    • Rambam Medical Center
      • Department of Cardiology
      H̱efa, Haifa District, Israel
  • 2004
    • Royal Melbourne Hospital
      Melbourne, Victoria, Australia
  • 2003
    • Honolulu University
      Honolulu, Hawaii, United States
  • 2002
    • The Washington Institute
      Washington, Washington, D.C., United States
  • 1983–1990
    • George Washington University
      • • Department of Medicine
      • • Division of Cardiology
      Washington, Washington, D.C., United States
  • 1989
    • The Washington Hospital
      Washington, Pennsylvania, United States
  • 1988
    • New York Medical College
      • Department of Medicine
      New York City, NY, United States