[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Accurate preoperative estimation of remnant liver function is critically important for hepatic surgery, and the expression of asialoglycoprotein receptors (ASGPR) is associated with hepatic function.
Thirty-two patients with hepatocellular carcinoma who underwent surgical resection were studied. To estimate the expression of ASGPR in the remnant liver, simulated surgery was performed on fusion images that combined data from (99m)technetium-galactosyl human serum albumin ((99m)Tc-GSA)/single photon emission computed tomography (SPECT) and computed tomography (CT) scanning. The liver uptake ratio (LUR) of (99m)Tc-GSA and the functional liver volume (FLV) in the remnant liver were predicted and were compared with postoperative liver function parameters.
The LUR of (99m)Tc-GSA was strongly correlated with the extent of hepatic ASGPR expression (r = 0.944, p = 5.01 x 10(-16)), being confirmed to be a reliable parameter for the evaluation of liver function. The estimated remnant LUR, but not the estimated remnant FLV, was significantly correlated with postoperative liver function parameters, such as serum total bilirubin (r = -0.430, p < 0.05), prothrombin activity (r = 0.515, p < 0.01), and serum cholinesterase activity (r = 0.546, p < 0.01) at 1 week.
Preoperative estimation of the extent of ASGPR expression in the remnant liver on CT/GSA-SPECT fusion images correlated well with postoperative liver function parameters, suggesting its usefulness for surgical decisions.
Journal of hepato-biliary-pancreatic sciences. 09/2010; 17(5):673-81.
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: In living-donor liver transplantation, accurate assessments of liver graft volume and anatomical variation are mandatory for the preoperative planning of safe donor hepatectomy and successful recipient implantation. The aim of this study was to assess the feasibility and accuracy of novel three-dimensional (3-D) virtual hepatectomy simulation software in living-donor liver transplantation.
We developed the hepatectomy simulation software, which was programmed to analyze detailed 3-D vascular structure and to predict liver graft volume, based on hepatic circulation.
In 101 individuals, including 4 living donors, the predicted liver resection volumes revealed a significant correlation with the actual value (P < 0.0001), with a mean difference of 7.9 ml. The drainage area by the individual hepatic vein branch was quantified to achieve reconstruction of the corresponding venous branch. The application of multidetector computed technology scanning and virtual cholangioscopy facilitated more detailed visualization of the 3-D hilar anatomy in a left trisectoral graft transplantation.
This hepatectomy simulation software reliably predicted accurate liver graft volume and the drainage volume of hepatic vein branches. This software may contribute to the preoperative planning of safe donor hepatectomy and implantation with satisfactory graft viability.
Journal of Hepato-Biliary-Pancreatic Surgery 01/2006; 13(5):363-9. · 1.60 Impact Factor
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Hepatectomy is a complicated operative procedure because of its anatomical complexity, vascular variability, and impaired hepatic function due to associated hepatitis or cirrhosis. Thus preoperative detailed topography and precise liver resection volume measurements should be obtained for a curative hepatectomy. The aim of this study was to assess the feasibility and accuracy of a novel three-dimensional (3D) virtual hepatectomy simulation software in patients who underwent liver resection or living donor liver transplantation. We developed the hepatectomy simulation software, which was programmed to analyze detailed 3D vascular structure and to predict liver resection volume and margins. In 72 patients receiving hepatectomy, the predicted liver resection volumes and margins revealed a significant correlation with the actual value with a mean difference of 9.3 mL (P < .0001) and 1.6 mm (P < .01), respectively. The drainage area by hepatic veins was quantified to achieve reconstruction of the corresponding venous branch. In conclusion, this hepatectomy simulation software reliably predicted an accurate liver resection volume, the cancer-free margin, and the drainage volume of hepatic vein branches. This software may promote curative hepatectomy and may be used for other interventional therapies in the treatment of liver disease.
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Interleukin (IL)-18 was originally regarded to induce T helper cell (Th)1-related cytokines. In general, factors favoring interferon (IFN)-gamma production are believed to abolish allergic diseases. Thus, we tested the role of IL-18 in regulation of bronchial asthma. To avoid a background response of host-derived T cells, we administered memory type Th1 or Th2 cells into unsensitized mice and examined their role in induction of bronchial asthma. Administration of antigen (Ag) induced both airway inflammation and airway hyperresponsiveness (AHR) in mice receiving memory Th2 cells. In contrast, the same treatment induced only airway inflammation but not AHR in mice receiving memory Th1 cells. However, these mice developed striking AHR when they were coadministered with IL-18. Furthermore, mice having received IFN-gamma-expressing Th1 cells sorted from polarized Th1 cells developed severe airway inflammation and AHR after intranasal administration of Ag and IL-18. Thus, Th1 cells become harmful when they are stimulated with Ag and IL-18. Newly polarized Th1 cells and IFN-gamma-expressing Th1 cells, both of which express IL-18 receptor alpha chain strongly, produce IFN-gamma, IL-9, IL-13, granulocyte/macrophage colony-stimulating factor, tumor necrosis factor alpha, regulated on activation, normal T cell expressed and secreted, and macrophage inflammatory protein 1alpha upon stimulation with Ag, IL-2, and IL-18 in vitro. Thus, Ag and IL-18 stimulate memory Th1 cells to induce severe airway inflammation and AHR in the naive host.
Journal of Experimental Medicine 03/2004; 199(4):535-45. · 13.21 Impact Factor
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Interleukin (IL)-18 synergizes with IL-12 to promote T helper cell (Th)1 responses. Somewhat paradoxically, IL-18 administration alone strongly induces immunoglobulin (Ig)E production and allergic inflammation, indicating a role for IL-18 in the generation of Th2 responses. The ability of IL-18 to induce IgE is dependent on CD4+ T cells, IL-4, and signal transducer and activator of transcription (stat)6. Here, we show that IL-18 fails to induce IgE both in CD1d-/- mice that lack natural killer T (NKT) cells and in class II-/- mice that lack conventional CD4+ T cells. However, class II-/- mice reconstituted with conventional CD4+ T cells show the capacity to produce IgE in response to IL-18. NKT cells express high levels of IL-18 receptor (R)alpha chain and produce significant amounts of IL-4, IL-9, and IL-13, and induce CD40 ligand expression in response to IL-2 and IL-18 stimulation in vitro. In contrast, conventional CD4+ T cells express low levels of IL-18Ralpha and poorly respond to IL-2 and IL-18. Nevertheless, conventional CD4+ T cells are essential for B cell IgE responses after the administration of IL-18. These findings indicate that NKT cells might be the major source of IL-4 in response to IL-18 administration and that conventional CD4+ T cells demonstrate their helper function in the presence of NKT cells.
Journal of Experimental Medicine 05/2003; 197(8):997-1005. · 13.21 Impact Factor