Hajime Asahina

Hokkaido University Hospital, Sapporo, Hokkaidō, Japan

Are you Hajime Asahina?

Claim your profile

Publications (33)105.93 Total impact

  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: There has been no standard chemotherapy for advanced or recurrent thymic malignancies including thymic carcinoma (TC) and invasive thymoma (IT), though platinum and anthracycline have been reported as effective agents for the treatment of these diseases. The objective of this study was to evaluate the efficacy and safety of the combination of amrubicin (AMR), a new anthracycline agent, and carboplatin (CBDCA) in patients with advanced thymic malignancies.
    Journal of thoracic oncology: official publication of the International Association for the Study of Lung Cancer 12/2014; 9(12):1805-9. · 4.55 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Background Amrubicin (AMR), a new anthracycline agent, has shown promising results for advanced small-cell lung cancer (SCLC), although the efficacy of AMR alone against refractory relapsed SCLC is insufficient. This study was conducted to evaluate the safety and efficacy of the combination of AMR and carboplatin (CBDCA) in patients with refractory relapsed SCLC. Methods Patients with advanced SCLC who relapsed within 90 days after the completion of first-line chemotherapy received AMR (30 mg/m2, days 1–3) and CBDCA (area under the curve 4.0 mg mL−1 min−1, day 1) every 3 weeks. The primary endpoint of this study was the overall response rate (ORR), and the secondary endpoints were progression-free survival (PFS), overall survival, and the toxicity profile. Assuming that an ORR of 45% in eligible patients would indicate potential usefulness and an ORR of 20% would be the lower limit of interest, with α=0.10 and β=0.10, at least 24 patients were required. Results Among 29 eligible patients, the ORR was 34% (90% confidence interval, 20–48). The median PFS was 3.5 months, whereas the median survival time was 7.3 months. The most common grade 3–4 toxicity was neutropenia (79%), although only one patient (3%) suffered from febrile neutropenia. Non-hematological toxicities were of moderate severity and no treatment-related death was observed. Conclusions This is the first prospective study of AMR combined with CBDCA for refractory relapsed SCLC, which was effective and well tolerated. However, further investigation of this regimen is warranted.
    Respiratory Investigation. 01/2014;
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: RO5126766, a highly selective dual Raf and MEK inhibitor, is a first-in-class tandem mitogen-activated protein kinase signaling pathway inhibitor. The objectives of this phase I study were to determine maximum-tolerated dose (MTD) and to evaluate safety, pharmacokinetics (PK), pharmacodynamics (PD), and anti-tumor activity of RO5126766 in Japanese patients with advanced solid tumors. Patients received a single oral dose of RO5126766 (0.8, 1.2, 1.8, or 2.25 mg) followed by continuous once-daily dosing at the same dosage in 28-day cycles. A 3 + 3 dose-escalation design was used. PD was evaluated by pMEK and pERK inhibition in peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs). A total of 12 patients were enrolled in cohorts of 0.8, 1.2, 1.8, and 2.25 mg/day. In the dose range tested, no dose-limiting toxicity was observed, and therefore, MTD was not defined. Main adverse events included acneiform dermatitis, creatine phosphokinase elevation, and ocular disorders. The plasma exposure of RO5126766 appeared to increase in a dose-proportional manner with a long plasma half-life (t 1/2) of 45.8-93.7 h. Following multiple dose administration, a steady-state condition was reached by Cycle 1 Day 8 (240 h). The inhibitory effects of RO5126766 on both pERK and pMEK in PBMCs increased in a dose-dependent manner. Five out of 12 patients achieved stable diseases, including a melanoma case with over 20 % shrinkage. RO5126766 has a manageable safety profile up to 2.25 mg/day once daily with a favorable PK/PD profile in Japanese patients with advanced solid tumors.
    Cancer Chemotherapy and Pharmacology 07/2013; · 2.80 Impact Factor
  • Source
    Investigational New Drugs 09/2012; · 3.50 Impact Factor
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Background This is the first phase I, dose-finding study of AZD8055, a first-in-class dual mTORC1/2 inhibitor, in Japanese patients with advanced solid tumors. Patients and methods Patients received a single oral dose of AZD8055, followed by twice-daily (BID) dosing. The starting dose was 10 mg with dose escalations in subsequent cohorts to a maximum of 90 mg BID or a non-tolerated dose. Results Seventeen patients were dosed: 10 mg (n = 3), 40 mg (n = 4), 60 mg (n = 3), 90 mg (n = 7). In the 90 mg cohort, one dose limiting toxicity (n = 1) of increased aspartate aminotransferase and increased alanine aminotransferase was observed in the 90 mg BID cohort (n = 1). Four patients, all in the 90 mg BID cohort, experienced a serious adverse event considered to be related to AZD8055: increased alanine aminotransferase (n = 3), increased aspartate aminotransferase (n = 3), increased gamma-glutamyltransferase (n = 2). The 90 mg BID dose was considered as tolerated in Japanese patients but higher doses were not investigated as this dose was also the maximum tolerated dose in Western patients. AZD8055 was rapidly absorbed with greater-than-proportional increases in exposure with increasing dose. No responses were reported, but two patients had stable disease. Mean pAKT and p4EBP1 levels decreased in most cohorts. Conclusion The tolerability and pharmacokinetic profiles of AZD8055 in Japanese patients were similar to those reported in Western patients.
    Investigational New Drugs 07/2012; · 3.50 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Cytological examination of samples obtained by bronchoscopy is a useful method for establishing the diagnosis of non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). However, the utility of a highly sensitive method for the detection of epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) mutation in the cytological specimens has not been fully evaluated. We retrospectively examined the efficacy of the peptide nucleic acid-locked nucleic acid polymerase chain reaction (PNA-LNA PCR) clamp method for detecting EGFR mutations in 122 bronchoscopic cytological specimens from NSCLC patients. Overall, 41 specimens (33.6%) were positive for EGFR mutation. Twenty-nine (39.7%) of 73 specimens obtained by using endobronchial ultrasonography with a guide sheath, 7 (33.3%) of 21 specimens obtained under direct vision by using a conventional bronchoscope, 4 (36.4%) of 11 specimens obtained by using an ultrathin bronchoscope, and 1 (5.9%) of 17 specimens obtained by endobronchial ultrasound-guided transbronchial needle aspiration were positive for EGFR mutation. Furthermore, among 22 resected NSCLC cases, the EGFR mutation status obtained from bronchoscopic materials was consistent with the status obtained from surgical samples, with the exception of 1 case. The detection of EGFR mutation by subjecting bronchoscopic cytological specimens to a PNA-LNA PCR clamp assay proves useful.
    Oncology 06/2012; 82(6):341-6. · 2.17 Impact Factor
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: This phase 1 study assessed the safety, tolerability, pharmacokinetics, and preliminary antitumor activity of linifanib in Japanese patients with advanced solid tumors. Patients were assigned to one of four sequential cohorts (0.05, 0.10, 0.20, or 0.25 mg/kg) of oral, once-daily linifanib on a 21-day cycle. Adverse events (AEs) were assessed per common terminology criteria for adverse events v3.0; tumor responses were assessed by response evaluation criteria in solid tumors. Eighteen patients were enrolled. Eleven (61%) received ≥3 prior therapies. Dose-limiting toxicities were Grade 3 ALT increase (0.10 mg/kg linifanib) and Grade 1 T-wave inversion (0.25 mg/kg linifanib) requiring dose interruption for >7 days and discontinuation on day 29. The most common linifanib-related AE was hypertension. Other significant treatment-related AEs included proteinuria, fatigue, and palmar-plantar erythrodysaesthesia. Linifanib pharmacokinetics were dose-proportional across 0.10-0.25 mg/kg. Two patients (11.1%) had confirmed partial responses, 12 had a best response of stable disease (11 had stable disease for ≥12 weeks), and four patients were not evaluable due to incomplete data. Four patients (lung cancer, breast cancer, thymic cancer, sarcoma) have continued linifanib for ≥48 weeks (range, 48-96+ weeks). Linifanib was well tolerated with promising preliminary clinical activity in Japanese patients. Later-phase global studies examining linifanib efficacy will include Japanese patients.
    Cancer Chemotherapy and Pharmacology 03/2012; 69(6):1477-86. · 2.80 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: For appropriate treatment, such as the selection of antibiotics or initiation of steroid therapy, correctly diagnosing benign pulmonary diseases located at the periphery is vital. This study assessed the usefulness of bronchoscopy using endobronchial ultrasonography with a guide sheath (EBUS-GS) in the diagnosis of benign pulmonary diseases, especially those presenting peripheral nodular lesions. We retrospectively reviewed 159 patients with 171 peripheral pulmonary lesions (PPLs) that were subsequently diagnosed as benign diseases. To examine the role of bronchoscopy with EBUS-GS, the contribution of bronchoscopy was classified into 4 categories. We also retrospectively reviewed 24 patients with 25 PPLs that were subsequently diagnosed as benign diseases by bronchoscopy without EBUS-GS (historical control). The ultimate diagnosis of 171 PPLs included 45 cases of mycobacteriosis, 45 cases of bronchiolitis obliterans organizing pneumonia/chronic organized pneumonia (BOOP), 23 cases of bacterial pneumonia, 13 abscesses, 11 cases of sarcoidosis, and 34 other benign diseases. Among them, a definitive diagnosis was obtained by bronchoscopy with EBUS-GS in 99 lesions (58%). Lesions in which the probe was positioned within the lesion had a higher diagnostic yield (64%) than did lesions in which the probe was positioned adjacent to the lesion (52%) or outside the lesion (20%; P=0.01). The diagnostic yield of bronchoscopy with EBUS-GS was higher compared with that of the historical control (58% versus 28%; P=0.04). Bronchoscopy using EBUS-GS is a reasonable option as a diagnostic procedure for PPLs, even if they are suspected to be benign in nature.
    The Annals of thoracic surgery 03/2012; 93(3):951-7. · 3.45 Impact Factor
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Olaparib (AZD2281) is an orally active Poly(ADP-ribose) polymerase (PARP) inhibitor with favorable antitumor activity in advanced ovarian and breast cancers with BRCA1/2 mutations in Western (USA and European) studies. This Phase I dose-finding study evaluated the tolerability, pharmacokinetics, PARP inhibitory activity, and antitumor activity of olaparib in Japanese patients with solid tumors. Olaparib was administered as a single-dose on day 1, followed by twice-daily dosing for 28 days from 48 h after a single dose. Doses were escalated from 100 mg b.i.d. in successive cohorts, up to a maximum of 400 mg b.i.d. The present study enrolled 12 patients (n = 3, 3, and 6 in 100, 200 and 400-mg b.i.d. levels, respectively). The most common adverse events were nausea, increased blood creatinine, decreased hematocrit, leukopenia and lymphopenia; dose-limiting toxicities were not observed up to and including the 400-mg b.i.d. dose level. Following twice-daily dosing, olaparib showed no marked increase in exposure at steady state over that expected from the single-dose pharmacokinetics. PARP-1 inhibition was observed from the 100-mg b.i.d. dose level in peripheral blood mononuclear cells from 6 h post-dose on day 1 during the multiple-dosing period. A patient with metastatic breast cancer (100 mg b.i.d.) had a partial response for 13 months and four patients (two each in the 200 and 400-mg b.i.d. levels) had stable disease >8 weeks. Olaparib was well tolerated up to the 400-mg b.i.d. dose in Japanese patients with solid tumors. Preliminary evidence of antitumor activity was observed.
    Cancer Science 12/2011; 103(3):504-9. · 3.48 Impact Factor
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Ridaforolimus is a non-prodrug mTOR inhibitor. The safety, pharmacokinetics (PK), and antitumor activity of oral ridaforolimus were assessed in Japanese patients with refractory solid tumors. Ridaforolimus (20 or 40 mg) was administered as a single dose on Day 1, followed by once daily dosing five times a week for a 3-week cycle beginning on Day 8. Full PK sampling was performed on Days 1 and 26. Thirteen patients (7 at 20 mg and 6 at 40 mg) were enrolled. The median treatment duration was 82 days. The most common drug-related adverse events were stomatitis, hypertriglyceridemia, and proteinuria. Two patients had dose-limiting toxicities (grade 3 stomatitis at 20 mg, and grade 3 anorexia and vomiting at 40 mg). Four patients had grade 1 interstitial pneumonitis. Ridaforolimus in the whole blood was rapidly absorbed and slowly eliminated with a half-life of approximately 56-58 h after a single dose. Two patients (with non-small cell lung cancer and angiosarcoma, respectively) achieved a partial response, and five patients (one with thymic cancer and four with soft tissue sarcomas) had a stable disease for ≥ 16 weeks. Ridaforolimus was well tolerated up to a dose of 40 mg in Japanese patients. Preliminary evidence of antitumor activity was observed for patients with solid tumors. Further investigation at this dose is warranted.
    Cancer Chemotherapy and Pharmacology 12/2011; 69(4):1099-105. · 2.80 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: The pharmacokinetic (PK)-pharmacodynamic (PD) relationship of amrubicin and its active metabolite, amrubicinol, has only been evaluated using trough levels of these agents since the full PK profiles not yet been clarified so far. This study was performed to analyze the full PK profiles of amrubicin and amrubicinol and to evaluate their toxicity-PK relationships in Japanese patients. Amrubicin (35-40 mg/m(2)) was administered to 21 lung cancer patients on days 1-3 every 3-4 weeks. Fourteen blood samples were obtained per patient over the course of 3 administration days. The plasma concentrations of amrubicin and amrubicinol were quantitated by HPLC, and the relationships between PK parameters of these compounds and hematological toxicities were evaluated. The overall PK profiles of amrubicin and amrubicinol were well characterized using a 3-compartment model and a 1-compartment model with a first-order metabolic process, respectively. The major toxicities were hematological. The clearance of amrubicinol was significantly correlated with grade 4 neutropenia (P = 0.01). The percentage decreases in the neutrophil count, hemoglobin level and platelet count were well correlated with the amrubicinol AUC. The pharmacokinetic profiles of amrubicin and amrubicinol were clarified, and the subsequent PK-PD analyses indicate that the clearance of amrubicinol is the major determinant of neutropenia.
    Cancer Chemotherapy and Pharmacology 11/2011; 69(4):861-9. · 2.80 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: The efficacy of third-line and further-line chemotherapy for advanced non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC) remains unknown. We evaluated the clinical outcome of third- and fourth-line chemotherapy for the treatment of advanced NSCLC in consecutive patients who received first-line chemotherapy at our institute between July 2002 and June 2006. From a hospital-based registry, the following data were extracted: (a) patient characteristics, (b) type of chemotherapeutic agents, and (c) objective response and survival data. A total of 599 patients were included in this analysis. Overall, 69.3%, 38.4%, 17.7%, and 6.0% of the patients received second-, third-, fourth-, and fifth-line chemotherapy, respectively. Significant differences in age (P < .0001), performance status at the start of first-line chemotherapy (P < .0001), and histology (P = .0175) were observed between patients who received third-line chemotherapy and those who did not. Docetaxel, gefitinib, and S-1 were the most frequently used regimens for third- or fourth-line chemotherapy. Five percent of the patients had participated in phase I trials of investigational new drugs. The objective response rates and disease control rates of third- and fourth-line chemotherapy were 17.0% and 34.4% and 11.3% and 24.5%, respectively. The median survival times (95% confidence interval [CI]) from the start of first-, second-, third-, and fourth-line chemotherapy until death were 15.3 months (95% CI, 13.8-16.5 months), 12.8 months (95% CI, 10.7-14.5 months), 12.0 months (95% CI, 9.3-14.2 months), and 9.9 months (95% CI, 8.6-12.0 months), respectively. As many as 38% of patients with advanced NSCLC who received first-line chemotherapy could receive third-line chemotherapy. This result emphasizes the need for randomized controlled trials of third-line treatment in patients with advanced NSCLC.
    Clinical Lung Cancer 09/2011; 13(1):39-43. · 2.04 Impact Factor
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: The insulin-like growth factor (IGF) signaling pathway has been implicated in the pathogenesis of numerous tumor types, including non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). Figitumumab is a fully human IgG2 monoclonal antibody against IGF-1 receptor (IGF-1R). This phase I, open-label, dose-escalation study (ClinicalTrials.gov: NCT00603538) assessed the safety and tolerability of figitumumab (6, 10 and 20 mg/kg) in combination with carboplatin (area under the curve: 6 mg·min/mL) and paclitaxel (200 mg/m(2)) in Japanese patients (N = 19) with chemotherapy-naïve, advanced NSCLC. Treatments were administered intravenously on day 1 of a 21-day cycle for four to six cycles. Pharmacokinetics, biomarkers, and antitumor activity were also evaluated. Figitumumab in combination with carboplatin and paclitaxel was well tolerated at doses up to 20 mg/kg; no dose-limiting toxicities were observed at this dose level. When given in combination, figitumumab plasma exposure increased in an approximately dose-proportional manner. The approximate 2-fold accumulation following repeated administration supported the 21-day regimen as appropriate for figitumumab administration. Serum total IGF-1 and IGF binding protein-3 concentrations increased following figitumumab dosing, but a clear dose-dependent relationship was not demonstrated. Seven of 18 evaluable patients experienced a partial response. Figitumumab 20 mg/kg in combination with carboplatin and paclitaxel was well tolerated in chemotherapy-naïve Japanese patients with NSCLC. Further analysis of biomarker data is necessary for the development of figitumumab therapy.
    Investigational New Drugs 07/2011; 30(4):1548-56. · 3.50 Impact Factor
  • EJC Supplements 11/2010; 8(7):132-132. · 2.71 Impact Factor
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: To compare the incidence and degree of renal toxicity associated with innovator and generic cisplatin formulations, increase in the serum creatinine (CRN) levels (mg/dL) and incidence of grade 2-3 CRN elevation during the first and all cycles of chemotherapy were retrospectively evaluated in patients treated with innovator (group 1, n = 296) and generic (group 2, n = 321) cisplatin formulations. There were no differences in the sex, age, performance status or number of chemotherapy cycles between groups 1 and 2. The median increases in CRN levels during the first cycle were 0.20 mg/dL regardless of the sex or group. There was no difference in the incidence of grade 2-3 CRN elevation between groups 1 and 2 among female or male patients. The median increases in CRN levels during all cycles were 0.2 (0-1.0) and 0.3 (0-1.8) in the female patients of groups 1 and 2, respectively (P = 0.68), and 0.3 (0-2.1) and 0.5 (0-3.6) in the male patients of groups 1 and 2, respectively (P < 0.001). Grade 2-3 CRN elevation was observed in 18.1% and 24.7% of the female patients in groups 1 and 2, respectively (P = 0.33), and 9.4% and 20.9% of the male patients in groups 1 and 2, respectively (P < 0.001). Renal toxicity was slightly more severe in patients treated with the generic cisplatin formulation than in those treated with the innovator formulation, especially among the male patients.
    Cancer Science 10/2010; 102(1):162-5. · 3.48 Impact Factor
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Salvage treatment for acquired resistance to gefitinib has yet to be developed. We conducted the first prospective phase II study of gefitinib readministration in previous gefitinib responders. Gefitinib (250 mg/day) was readministered to patients with advanced/metastatic non-small cell lung cancer who had achieved objective response to initial gefitinib and subsequently received cytotoxic chemotherapy after disease progression with initial gefitinib. The primary endpoint was the objective response rate with gefitinib readministration. Secondary endpoints were disease control rate, progression-free survival (PFS), overall survival (OS), quality of life, and toxicity. Changes in lung cancer-related symptoms were evaluated using the seven-item lung cancer subscale of the questionnaire. Sixteen patients were enrolled between February 2005 and January 2008. Most had received ≥3 regimens of chemotherapy. Response and disease-control rates for all patients were 0 and 44%. Median PFS and OS were 2.5 and 14.7 months, respectively. Four of 7 patients with stable disease experienced a long duration (≥6 months) of disease control without severe toxicity. Symptom improvement was observed in 2 of 12 patients (17%) for whom quality of life was evaluable. Gefitinib represents a useful therapeutic option for selected previous gefitinib responders.
    Oncology 01/2010; 79(5-6):423-9. · 2.17 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Transbronchial biopsy (TBB) using endobronchial ultrasonography with a guide sheath (EBUS-GS) is a promising technique for small peripheral pulmonary lesions (PPLs), but is not a real-time procedure. We attempted to examine the practicality of TBB under real-time EBUS guidance for PPLs. We performed TBB under real-time EBUS and x-ray fluoroscopic guidance using flexible bronchoscopy with 2 working channels for PPLs (mean diameter,>30 mm). Between January 2007 and May 2007, we recruited 6 patients for this trial. On computed tomography images, the mean±SD diameter of the lesions was 37.4±4.5 mm (range: 32.0 to 45.0 mm). All lesions were detected by EBUS and could eventually be diagnosed. However, an image of the biopsy forceps or brush was obtained on real-time EBUS in only 4 cases. The other 2 cases involved technical limitations in inserting both the EBUS probe and biopsy forceps simultaneously into the lesion. Unfortunately, even in the 4 cases in which biopsy forceps images could be obtained on real-time EBUS, we could not recognize the position of the tip of the forceps on EBUS images, because the EBUS images of the tip of the forceps and the body of forceps were very similar. Our attempt to perform TBB under real-time EBUS guidance for PPLs was successful in 4 of 6 patients. There were some technical limitations using flexible bronchoscopy with 2 working channels. Improvement of instruments will be necessary for future trials of TBB under real-time EBUS guidance.
    Journal of bronchology & interventional pulmonology. 10/2009; 16(4):261-5.
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Somatic mutations of the epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) gene are associated with an increased response to gefitinib in patients with non-small cell lung cancer. We have examined the impact of gefitinib on progression-free survival and overall survival in patients with EGFR mutation-positive non-small cell lung cancer. We searched for all clinical trials that prospectively evaluated the efficacy of gefitinib for advanced non-small cell lung cancer with EGFR mutations in Japan. We did a combined analysis based on individual patient data from the identified trials. Seven eligible trials were identified for a total of 148 non-small cell lung cancer patients with EGFR mutations. The overall response rate to gefitinib was 76.4% [95% confidence interval (95% CI), 69.5-83.2]. The median progression-free survival and overall survival were 9.7 months (95% CI, 8.2-11.1) and 24.3 months (95% CI, 19.8-28.2), respectively. Good performance status and chemotherapy-naïve status were significantly associated with a longer progression-free survival or overall survival. Of the 148 patients, 87 received gefitinib as a first-line therapy, whereas 61 received systemic chemotherapy before gefitinib treatment. The median progression-free survival after the start of first-line therapy was significantly longer in the gefitinib-first group than in the chemotherapy-first group (10.7 versus 6.0 months; P < 0.001), whereas no significant difference in median overall survival was apparent between the two groups (27.7 versus 25.7 months; P = 0.782). Gefitinib monotherapy confers substantial clinical benefit in terms of progression-free survival and overall survival in non-small cell lung cancer patients with EGFR mutations. Randomized trials comparing chemotherapy with gefitinib as a first-line treatment are warranted in such patients.
    Clinical Cancer Research 07/2009; 15(13):4493-8. · 7.84 Impact Factor
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: To evaluate the combination of transbronchial biopsy (TBB) using endobronchial ultrasonography with a guide sheath (EBUS-GS) and positron emission tomography with fluorodeoxyglucose (FDG-PET) for the diagnosis of small peripheral pulmonary lesions (PPLs) < or = 30 mm in mean diameter. A total of 74 PPLs (69.2%) were diagnosed by TBB using EBUS-GS with X-ray fluoroscopy. Diagnostic yield by FDG-PET was 78.5% for the 107 PPLs examined. Diagnostic yield with the combination of TBB using EBUS-GS and FDG-PET (90.7%) was significantly higher compared with that for each procedure alone. A significant increment in diagnostic yield with this combination was seen for PPLs >20mm and < or = 30 mm and for malignant lesions. Combination of TBB using EBUS-GS and FDG-PET is useful for the diagnosis of small PPLs.
    Lung cancer (Amsterdam, Netherlands) 07/2009; 68(2):211-5. · 3.14 Impact Factor
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Gefitinib, the epidermal growth factor receptor tyrosine kinase inhibitor, is effective for patients with non-small cell lung cancer. However, a serious adverse effect, interstitial lung disease (ILD), has been reported. The re-administration of gefitinib might be considered when there is no other choice of treatment and a therapeutic effect can be expected; however, there is no published data on the safety of restarting gefitinib after its discontinuation in cases suspected of having gefitinib-induced ILD. We report a case with recurrent gefitinib-induced ILD, which suggests that re-administration of gefitinib should be considered cautiously in patients who have previously developed gefitinib-induced ILD.
    Internal Medicine 02/2008; 47(6):533-6. · 0.97 Impact Factor

Publication Stats

576 Citations
105.93 Total Impact Points

Institutions

  • 2004–2014
    • Hokkaido University Hospital
      • Department of Surgical Pathology
      Sapporo, Hokkaidō, Japan
  • 2010–2013
    • National Hospital Organization Kyushu Cancer Center
      Hukuoka, Fukuoka, Japan
    • National Cancer Center, Japan
      • Center for Cancer Control and Information Services
      Edo, Tōkyō, Japan
  • 2009
    • Yokohama City University
      Yokohama, Kanagawa, Japan
    • St. Marianna University School of Medicine
      Kawasaki Si, Kanagawa, Japan
  • 2005–2008
    • Hokkaido University
      • Department of Medicine I
      Sapporo-shi, Hokkaido, Japan
  • 2003
    • Sapporo City General Hospital
      Sapporo, Hokkaidō, Japan