B Honoré

Aarhus University, Aarhus, Central Jutland, Denmark

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Publications (119)391.09 Total impact

  • [show abstract] [hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: We studied whether dysfunction of human hibernating (HIB) and irreversibly dysfunctional myocardium (IRDM) are associated with altered levels of the sarcoplasmatic reticulum calcium handling proteins Ca2+-ATPase (SERCA2a) and its inhibitor phospholamban (PLB). In 12 patients myocardial biopsies were taken during bypass surgery and analysed for contents of these proteins. We classified regions as control, HIB, or IRDM based on echocardiographic studies before and 6 months after surgery. SERCA2a content (mean+/-SEM) was similar to control in HIB and IRDM (2.6 +/- 1.7, 3.8 +/- 2.0, and 3.4 +/- 1.9 units/g non-collagen protein (NCP), p = 0.40). PLB content was similar to control in HIB (2.6 +/- 0.4 and 3.5 +/- 0.5 units/microg NCP) but reduced in IRDM (0.9 +/- 0.2 units/microg NCP, p < 0.05). SERCA2a:PLB ratio, an indicator of SERCA2a activity, did not differ between control and HIB (1.2 +/- 0.3 and 1.4 +/- 0.4 units/microg NCP) but was increased in IRDM (5.1 +/- 1.7 units/microg NCP, p < 0.05). Inappropriate SERCA2a activity due to suppressed PLB levels may represent a maladaptive mechanism in chronic ischemic myocardium being causally linked to irreversibility of left ventricular dysfunction.
    Scandinavian Cardiovascular Journal 04/2005; 39(1-2):55-9. · 0.82 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: To compare the basic proteomic composition of aqueous humour (AH) from patients with corneal rejection (patients) with AH from patients with cataract (controls). Aqueous humour was analysed for total protein concentration using Bradford's method and for protein composition using two-dimensional (2D) gel electrophoresis. Image analysis was used to detect protein spots in 2D gels that were increased by more than factor 2 in patients as compared with controls. Increased spots were identified by immunoblotting and mass spectrometry. Aqueous humour from patients contained significantly higher total protein concentration than did AH from controls. A total of 31 spots were significantly increased in 2D gels from patients. The spots were derived from albumin, alpha1-antitrypsin, apolipoprotein J, cytokeratin type II, serin proteinase inhibitor and transthyretin. After correction of spot volumes by total protein concentrations, 10 spots derived from albumin, cytokeratin type II and alpha1-antitrypsin remained significantly increased. The proteomic composition of AH differed significantly between patients and controls. The identified proteins suggest that the changes in AH are due to at least three different mechanisms: breakdown of the aqueous-blood barrier, enzymatic degradation, and liberation of locally synthesized proteins.
    Acta Ophthalmologica Scandinavica 03/2005; 83(1):31-9. · 1.85 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: In mammals circadian rhythms are generated by a light-entrainable oscillator located in the hypothalamic suprachiasmatic nucleus (SCN). Light signals reach the SCN via a monosynaptic neuronal pathway, the retinohypothalamic tract, originating in a subset of retinal ganglion cells. The nerve terminals of these cells contain the classical neurotransmitter glutamate and the neuropeptide pituitary adenylate cyclase-activating polypeptide (PACAP), and there is evidence that these two transmitters interact to mediate photoentrainment of the oscillator in the SCN. To elucidate light-provoked PACAP receptor signaling we used proteomic analysis. Wild-type mice and mice lacking the PAC1 receptor (PAC1-/-) were light stimulated at early night, and the SCN was examined for proteins that were differentially expressed using two-dimensional gel electrophoresis and identification by tandem mass spectrometry. The most striking finding, which was subsequently confirmed by Western blotting, was a significant reduction of calmodulin (CaM) in wild-type mice as compared with PAC1-/- mice. Analysis at the mRNA level by quantitative in situ hybridization histochemistry was inconclusive, indicating that a translational mechanism might be involved. The findings indicate that PAC1 receptor signaling in the SCN in response to light stimulation induces a down-regulation of CaM expression and that CaM is involved in the photic-entrainment mechanism.
    Journal of Molecular Neuroscience 02/2005; 25(3):251-8. · 2.89 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The human genome contains about 30,000 genes, each creating several transcripts per gene. Transcript structures and expression are studied by high-throughput transcriptomic techniques using microarrays. Generally, transcripts are not directly operating molecules, but are translated into functional proteins, post-translationally modified by proteolysis, glycosylation, phosphorylation, etc., sometimes with great functional impact. Proteins need to be analyzed by proteomic techniques, less suited for high-throughput. Two-dimensional polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis (2D-PAGE), separating thousands of proteins has developed slowly over the past quarter of a century. This technique is now quite reproducible and suitable for differential proteomics, comparing normal and diseased cells/tissues revealing differentially regulated proteins. 2D-PAGE is combined with protein-identification methods, currently mass spectrometry (MS), which has been significantly improved over the last decade. Other proteomic techniques studying protein-protein interactions are now either established or still being developed, such as peptide or protein arrays, phage display, and the yeast two-hybrid system. The strengths and weaknesses of these techniques are discussed.
    BioEssays 09/2004; 26(8):901-15. · 5.42 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Chlamydia pneumoniae (Cp) has been demonstrated in arteries and abdominal aortic aneurysms (AAAs). However, the validity of the methods used is questioned, and antibiotic treatment trials have thus far shown disappointing results. Nevertheless, antibodies against the Cp outer membrane proteins (OMPs) have been associated with progression of atherosclerosis and AAAs. The aim of this study was to detect Cp OMPs in the wall of AAA patients by use of purified serum antibodies directed against Cp OMP and to assess potential cross-reacting proteins in AAA walls. Seventeen patients undergoing infrarenal AAA repair were studied. Full AAA thickness tissue was collected from the anterior wall of the aneurysm. Anti-OMP was extracted from seropositive AAA patients by use of an ELISA kit (Labsystems). Analysis was performed by use of 2D polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis, immunoblotting, and mass spectrometric protein identification. OMP antigens were not detected in 16 of 17 AAA walls. However, 3 major AAA proteins cross-reacted with anti-OMP. The proteins were all identified as heavy chains of human immunoglobulin. We could not find evidence of Cp OMP in 16 of 17 AAA walls, but instead, all samples showed a strong cross-reaction between Cp OMP antibodies and human immunoglobulin. This might indicate that AAA is an autoimmune disease, perhaps triggered by an initial Cp infection.
    Circulation 06/2004; 109(17):2097-102. · 15.20 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: By the use of high-resolution two-dimensional gel electrophoresis and computerized image analysis we investigated and compared the expression of cellular proteins from p53 positive (+/+) mouse thymocytes, p53-/- thymocytes before neoplastic transformation, and from cell lines derived from two spontaneous p53-/- thymic lymphomas, SM5 and SM7. A total of around 1500 proteins were detected on individual gels. Only changes in protein expression by a factor of 2 or more were considered. In the thymic lymphoma cells 3-5% of the proteins were found to be differentially regulated when compared with the protein expression in p53+/+ and p53-/- thymocytes. Only a minority (13 proteins) of the quantitatively changed proteins were common for the two thymic lymphoma cell lines, suggesting that the p53 deficiency mainly results in genetic dysfunctions which are individual for a given tumor. Two of the detected proteins increased their expression levels by more than 10 times from the p53+/+ to the p53-/- thymocytes and these high expression levels were also found in thymic lymphomas. The two proteins were identified by mass spectrometry as acidic ribosomal phosphoprotein P0 and a 33-kDa protein with a primary structure containing motifs of the glyoxalase-bleomycin resistance protein family (MDR) as deduced from the cDNA.
    Experimental Cell Research 05/2004; 295(1):91-101. · 3.56 Impact Factor
  • Bent Honoré, Ulrik Baandrup, Henrik Vorum
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    ABSTRACT: The heterogeneous nuclear ribonucleoproteins (hnRNPs) F and H/H', containing the quasi-RNA recognition motif (qRRM) domains, are implicated in several steps of pre-mRNA processing and in cellular differentiation. We have compared a set of tissues and found striking differences in their levels of expression as well as in the nuclear versus the cytoplasmic distribution. Generally, hnRNP F is broadly expressed in many tissues with extremely strong expression in the prostate gland while hnRNP H/H' shows a more restricted degree of expression with low expression in some tissues, for example, liver, exocrine acini of the pancreas, thyroid gland and heart. At the cellular level, hnRNP F is, with few exceptions, predominantly expressed in the cytoplasm while hnRNP H/H' is more abundant in the nuclei. A quite pronounced heterogeneous expression pattern is seen in the proximal tubules of the kidney where hnRNP F is present at moderate cytoplasmic levels while hnRNP H/H' is undetectable, whereas both proteins are more evenly expressed in distal tubules and collecting ducts. Generally, tumor tissues reveal a broad expression of hnRNP F in the nuclei as well as in the cytoplasm while hnRNP H/H' is expressed at higher levels in the nuclei than in the cytoplasm. Up-regulation of hnRNP H/H' is found in a few tissues that normally express low cytoplasmic levels of hnRNP H/H', for example, adenocarcinoma of the pancreas, hepatocellular carcinoma and gastric carcinoma. hnRNP F is down-regulated in hepatocellular carcinoma and up-regulated in gastric carcinoma. The present study indicates the important potential role of this subset of hnRNPs on the gene expression in many tissues.
    Experimental Cell Research 04/2004; 294(1):199-209. · 3.56 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The binding of ligands to clusters of complement-type repeat (CR)-domains in proteins of the low-density lipoprotein receptor (LDLR) family is dependent on Ca2+ ions. One reason for this cation requirement was identified from the crystal structure data for a CR-domain from the prototypic LDLR, which showed the burial of a Ca2+ ion as a necessity for correct folding and stabilization of this protein module. Additional Ca2+ binding data to other CR-domains from both LDLR and the LDLR-related protein (LRP) have suggested the presence of a conserved Ca2+ cage within CR-domains from this family of receptors that function in endocytosis and signalling. We have previously described the binding of several ligands to a fragment comprising the fifth and the sixth CR-domain (CR56) from LRP, as well as qualitatively described the binding of Ca2+ ions to this CR-domain pair. In the present study we have applied the rate dialysis method to measure the affinity for Ca2+, and show that CR56 binds 2 Ca2+ ions with an average affinity of KD = 10.6 microM, and there is no indication of additional Ca2+ binding sites within this receptor fragment. Both CR-domains of CR56 bind a single Ca2+ ion with an affinity of 10.6 microM within the range of affinities demonstrated for several other CR-domains.
    BMC Biochemistry 09/2003; 4:7. · 1.78 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The transcript encoding endonuclein, the human homolog of yeast PWP1, was previously found up-regulated in pancreatic cancer tissue. By immunohistochemistry we detected a ubiquitous presence in several tissues examined: skin, liver, thyroid gland, heart muscle, neurons, kidney, bladder, pancreas, adrenal gland, ovary, uterus, testis and prostate gland. We especially noticed that normal pancreatic exocrine cells exhibited low protein levels while pancreatic adenocarcinoma cells revealed high levels. We found a heterogeneous subcellular distribution, especially with varying nuclear levels. In proliferating cells endonuclein protein expression and localization was cell cycle dependent, with increasing levels and nuclear focusing during the interphase toward mitosis. Ultrastructural analysis revealed ER and nuclear localization. Endonuclein contains five WD-repeats, indicating a putative role in crucial regulatory activities in the nucleus as well as in the ER.
    Oncogene 03/2002; 21(7):1123-9. · 7.36 Impact Factor
  • B Honoré
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    ABSTRACT: Genes are transcribed to pre-mRNA, further processed to various mRNAs and then translated into proteins that may be post-translationally modified and subsequently function as the ultimate effecting molecules in the cell. Diagnostic options may be addressed as hybridization-based techniques to monitor nucleotide mutations or transcript levels. These techniques are highly suitable for high-throughput analyses based on DNA chip technology. They will enter the diagnostic practice as routine assays, although some obstacles must be addressed. Proteomics-based techniques are less suitable for high-throughput analyses at the moment, but are closer to the functional level. The combination of 2-dimensional polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis and mass spectrometry analyses make a strong couple that may enter as diagnostic applications once more automated.
    Expert Review of Molecular Diagnostics 10/2001; 1(3):265-74. · 4.09 Impact Factor
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    J Liu, S Beqaj, Y Yang, B Honoré, L Schuger
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    ABSTRACT: Mouse embryonic mesenchymal cells undergo spontaneous smooth muscle (SM) differentiation upon spreading/elongation in culture (Relan et al., J. Cell Biol. 147 (1999) 1341; Yang et al., Development 125 (1998) 2621; Yang et al., Development 126 (1999) 3027). Using these cells we generated a subtracted cDNA library to identify potential suppressors of SM myogenesis. One of the differentially expressed genes was heterogeneous nuclear ribonucleoprotein-H (hnRNP-H), which is involved in pre-mRNA alternative splicing. hnRNP-H was highly expressed in mesenchymal cells prior to the onset of SM differentiation, but its expression rapidly decreased in mesenchymal cells undergoing SM myogenesis. In vivo, the drop in hnRNP-H expression was restricted to visceral SM cells. Antisense oligodeoxynucleotide and antisense RNA were used to inhibit hnRNP-H synthesis in SM-differentiating mesenchymal cells and in embryonic lung explants. A decrease in hnRNP-H levels resulted in upregulation of SM-specific gene expression and increased bronchial SM development in lung explants. hnRNP-H overexpression in cell cultures had the opposite effect. These studies, therefore, indicate a novel role for hnRNP-H in the control of visceral myogenesis.
    Mechanisms of Development 07/2001; 104(1-2):79-87. · 2.38 Impact Factor
  • B Honoré
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    ABSTRACT: The hnRNP 2H9 gene products are involved in the splicing process and participate in early heat shock-induced splicing arrest. By combining low/high stringency hybridisation, database search, Northern and Western blotting it is shown that the gene is alternatively spliced into at least six transcripts: hnRNPs 2H9, 2H9A, 2H9B, 2H9C, 2H9D and 2H9E predicting proteins containing 346, 331, 297, 215, 145 and 139 amino acids, respectively. The hnRNP 2H9A cDNA sequence was used to obtain a genomic BAC clone and the structure of the hnRNP 2H9 gene was revealed by sequencing two subclones together spanning about 6.7 kb. The six transcripts are processed from at least 10, 10, 8, 7, 5 and 4 exons, respectively, with all intron/exon junctions obeying the 'GT-AG' rule. The hnRNP 2H9 and 2H9A proteins contain two RNA recognition motifs of the quasi-RRM type found in the two C-terminal qRRMs of the hnRNPs H, H' and F proteins. The hnRNP 2H9B protein has a partially deleted N-terminal qRRM, which is completely deleted in hnRNP 2H9C. hnRNPs 2H9D and 2H9E contain only one slightly modified C-terminal qRRM. Furthermore, the six proteins vary in their auxiliary domains outside the qRRMs. Western blotting indicates that the alternatively spliced transcripts give rise to different sets and levels of proteins expressed among various human cells and tissues. Due to their great structural variations the different proteins may thus possess different functions in the splicing reaction.
    Biochimica et Biophysica Acta 07/2000; 1492(1):108-19. · 4.66 Impact Factor
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    B Honoré, H Vorum
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    ABSTRACT: The CREC family consists of a number of recently discovered multiple (up to seven) EF-hand proteins that localise to the secretory pathway of mammalian cells. At present, the family includes reticulocalbin, ERC-55/TCBP-49/E6BP, Cab45, calumenin and crocalbin/CBP-50. Similar proteins are found in quite diverse invertebrate organisms such as DCB-45 and SCF in Drosophila melanogaster, SCF in Bombyx mori, CCB-39 in Caenorhabditis elegans and Pfs40/PfERC in Plasmodium falciparum. The Ca(2+) affinity is rather low with dissociation constants around 10(-4)-10(-3) M. The proteins may participate in Ca(2+)-regulated activities. Recent evidence has been obtained that some CREC family members are involved in pathological activities such as malignant cell transformation, mediation of the toxic effects of snake venom toxins and putative participation in amyloid formation.
    FEBS Letters 02/2000; 466(1):11-8. · 3.58 Impact Factor
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    H Vorum, C Jacobsen, B Honoré
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    ABSTRACT: We recently reported the identification of human calumenin, a novel Ca(2+) binding, transformation-sensitive and secreted protein [Vorum et al. (1998) Biochim. Biophys. Acta 1386, 121-131; Vorum et al. (1999) Exp. Cell Res. 248, 473-481] belonging to the family of multiple EF-hand proteins of the secretory pathway that include reticulocalbin, ERC-55, Cab45 and crocalbin. In order to further investigate the extracellular functions of calumenin we immobilized the recombinant protein to a column. After application of a placental tissue extract we were able to elute one protein that interacts with calumenin in the presence of Ca(2+). Amino acid sequencing identified this protein as serum amyloid P component (SAP). Furthermore, we verified and characterized the calumenin-SAP interaction by the surface plasmon resonance technique. The findings indicate that calumenin may participate in the immunological defense system and could be involved in the pathological process of amyloidosis that leads to formation of amyloid deposits seen in different types of tissues.
    FEBS Letters 02/2000; 465(2-3):129-34. · 3.58 Impact Factor
  • Bent Honoré
    [show abstract] [hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: The hnRNP 2H9 gene products are involved in the splicing process and participate in early heat shock-induced splicing arrest. By combining low/high stringency hybridisation, database search, Northern and Western blotting it is shown that the gene is alternatively spliced into at least six transcripts: hnRNPs 2H9, 2H9A, 2H9B, 2H9C, 2H9D and 2H9E predicting proteins containing 346, 331, 297, 215, 145 and 139 amino acids, respectively. The hnRNP 2H9A cDNA sequence was used to obtain a genomic BAC clone and the structure of the hnRNP 2H9 gene was revealed by sequencing two subclones together spanning about 6.7 kb. The six transcripts are processed from at least 10, 10, 8, 7, 5 and 4 exons, respectively, with all intron/exon junctions obeying the ‘GT-AG’ rule. The hnRNP 2H9 and 2H9A proteins contain two RNA recognition motifs of the quasi-RRM type found in the two C-terminal qRRMs of the hnRNPs H, H′ and F proteins. The hnRNP 2H9B protein has a partially deleted N-terminal qRRM, which is completely deleted in hnRNP 2H9C. hnRNPs 2H9D and 2H9E contain only one slightly modified C-terminal qRRM. Furthermore, the six proteins vary in their auxiliary domains outside the qRRMs. Western blotting indicates that the alternatively spliced transcripts give rise to different sets and levels of proteins expressed among various human cells and tissues. Due to their great structural variations the different proteins may thus possess different functions in the splicing reaction.
    Biochimica Et Biophysica Acta-gene Structure and Expression - BBA-GENE STRUCT EXPRESS. 01/2000; 1492(1):108-119.
  • Bent Honoré, Peder Madsen
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    ABSTRACT: If an unknown protein is purified and available in relatively small amounts, it is possible to determine the sequences of short internal peptides (1). In order to determine the whole sequence of the protein by cDNA cloning, one of the peptides of perhaps five to seven amino acids may be reverse translated into nucleotide sequence resulting in a 15–21-base-long deoxyribonucleotide. Because of codon degeneracy, the number of possible oligonucleotides may be more than several hundred, which must be present in order to insure that the correct sequence is represented. The melting temperature in buffered saline solution of this mixture of oligonucleotides is heterogeneous due to differences in G + C content, as G:C base pairs possessing three hydrogen bonds interact more strongly than A:T base pairs with two hydrogen bonds. Thus, in buffered saline solution one usually chooses a melting temperature that is so low that the oligonucleotide with the lowest G + C content can hybridize. However, in doing so it is possible that oligonucleotides with a higher G + C content may form stable hybrids with mismatches resulting in the cloning of artifact cDNAs. Even though this procedure has been used successfully (2–4), it is more convenient to use a different buffer type that contains tetramethylammonium chloride (TMAC), as it has been reported that this salt selectively binds to and stabilizes A:T base pairs so that their melting temperature becomes similar to that of G:C base pairs (5–7).
    12/1999: pages 389-395;
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    B Honoré, H Vorum, U Baandrup
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    ABSTRACT: hnRNPs H, H' and F belong to a subfamily of the hnRNPs sharing a high degree of sequence identity. Eukaryotic expression and specific C-terminal antibodies were used to demonstrate great variation in the intracellular fate of the proteins. hnRNPs H and H' become posttranslational cleaved into C-terminal 35 kDa proteins (H(C), H'(C)) and possibly into N-terminal 22 kDa proteins. No detectable cleavage was observed for hnRNP F. hnRNP H/H' is almost exclusively localized to the nucleus of many cell types while hnRNP F varies from a predominant nuclear localization in some cells to a predominant cytoplasmic localization in other cells. The different fates may reflect differences in functional roles that so far only have included nuclear functions. The presence of significant quantities of hnRNP F in the cytoplasm of many cells indicates that it also may have a functional role here.
    FEBS Letters 09/1999; 456(2):274-80. · 3.58 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Studies on the strength and extent of binding of the non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug indomethacin to human serum albumin (HSA) have provided conflicting results. In the present work, the serum-binding of indomethacin was studied in 55 mM sodium phosphate buffer (pH 7.0) at 28 degrees C, by using a fluorescence quench titration technique. The interaction of indomethacin with human serum albumin has been studied as a function of temperature, ionic strength and pH. The results suggest that electrostatic interaction plays a major role in the binding. The possible role of lysine residues in this interaction was studied by modifying exposed and buried lysine residues of HSA with potassium cyanate and studying indomethacin binding with the modified HSA. The data suggest that the interaction takes place via a salt bridge formation between the carboxylate group of indomethacin and a buried lysine residue of HSA. A technique involving fluorescence enhancement of bilirubin upon its interaction with HSA was used to study its displacement by indomethacin. The displacement, although apparently competitive in nature, was not strong suggesting that the primary sites of interaction of bilirubin and indomethacin are different.
    Journal of Pharmacy and Pharmacology 06/1999; 51(5):591-600. · 2.03 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Calumenin belongs to a family of multiple EF-hand proteins that include reticulocalbin, ERC-55, and Cab45. Reticulocalbin and ERC-55 localize to the ER due to a C-terminal HDEL retrieval signal. Cab45 contains a HEEF C-terminal sequence and is localized to the Golgi apparatus. The murine homologue of calumenin is reported to be present in the ER due to a C-terminal HDEF retrieval signal. The human homologue differs from the murine at 7 amino acid positions but the HDEF signal is conserved. However, in the cultured human cell lines, HaCaT keratinocytes, normal and transformed MRC-5 fibroblasts, as well as in transfected COS-1 cells, human calumenin could be demonstrated in the ER as well as in the Golgi complex. Especially in MRC-5 cells, a certain heterogeneity was observed, with some of the cells having calumenin localized solely to the ER while in other cells calumenin could be demonstrated in the ER as well as in the Golgi complex. Immunoelectron microscopy of placental syncytiotrophoblast cells showed that a substantial fraction of calumenin is localized in close association with the ER membrane. In addition, the protein may be recovered from the medium of cultured cells in an endoglycosidase H-resistant form, suggesting that the glycosylated protein has been further modified in the Golgi apparatus and secreted to the medium.
    Experimental Cell Research 06/1999; · 3.56 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The psoriasis-associated fatty acid binding protein (PA-FABP, also known as FABP5) is a novel keratinocyte protein that is highly up-regulated in psoriatic plaques (P. Madsen, H. H. Rasmussen, H. Leffers, B. Honoré and J. E. Celis, J. Invest. Dermatol. 1992, 99, 299-305). Here we have expressed PA-FABP in Escherichia coli as a fusion protein containing an NH2-terminal hexa-His tag followed by a factor Xa cleavage site. The recombinant protein was expressed at a level of about 30% of the soluble proteins and was purified to homogeneity using a simple two-step protocol consisting of affinity chromatography on Ni2+-nitrilotriacetic acid agarose followed by gel filtration. The recombinant protein was then digested with factor Xa and characterized by two-dimensional gel electrophoresis. The ability of PA-FABP to bind saturated fatty acids ranging from 6 to 16 carbons was determined directly by dialysis and compared to human serum albumin (HSA). The results showed that PA-FABP binds multiple molecules of the fatty acids hexanoate (C6:0), octanoate (C8:0), decanoate (C10:0) and laurate (C12:0), all with a K1 of about 10(4) M(-l), and myristate (C14:0) with a K1 of 4.4 X 10(5) M(-l). Palmitate (C16:0) also bound strongly with multiple molecules. Due to the very low solubility of palmitate its affinity to PA-FABP was measured relatively to HSA and found to be 8.1 times lower. At ligand/protein ratios below 1, all fatty acids bound to PA-FABP with about one to three orders of magnitude lower affinity than to HSA. The difference in the fatty acid binding properties of the two proteins may reflect differences in their three-dimensional structures, which in the case of PA-FABP consists mainly of beta-sheets while HSA contains predominantly alpha-helices.
    Electrophoresis 08/1998; 19(10):1793-802. · 3.26 Impact Factor

Publication Stats

2k Citations
391.09 Total Impact Points

Institutions

  • 1987–2014
    • Aarhus University
      • • Department of Biomedicine
      • • Department of Medical Biochemistry
      Aarhus, Central Jutland, Denmark
  • 2013
    • Aalborg University Hospital
      • Department of Ophthalmology
      Ålborg, North Denmark, Denmark
  • 2011
    • Aarhus University Hospital
      • Department of Ophthalmology
      Aarhus, Central Jutland, Denmark
  • 2005–2011
    • University of Copenhagen
      • • Department of Neuroscience and Pharmacology
      • • Department of Clinical Biochemistry
      Copenhagen, Capital Region, Denmark
    • Kaunas University of Technology
      Caunas, Kauno Apskritis, Lithuania
  • 2004
    • Regionspsykiatrien Viborg-Skive
      Viborg, Central Jutland, Denmark
  • 1993
    • Copenhagen University Hospital Hvidovre
      Hvidovre, Capital Region, Denmark