[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Left atrial myxomas are benign, slow-growing primary cardiac tumors. They present with gradual onset of one or more of a triad of obstructive, embolic, or constitutional symptoms. Transesophageal echocardiography aids in the detailed preoperative and intraoperative evaluation of the myxoma for surgical strategy planning. We describe a previously unreported case of interstitial hemorrhage in a left atrial myxoma leading to rapid expansion of the tumor with features of acute, mitral valve obstruction. Transesophageal echocardiography showed a cystic area in the left atrial tumor that corresponded to an area of recent hemorrhage confirmed on surgical removal.
The Annals of thoracic surgery 03/2009; 87(2):636-8. · 3.74 Impact Factor
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: A 37-year-old patient presented with severe aortic valve insufficiency due to massive dilatation of the neo-aortic root (77 mm diameter) 14 years after a Ross procedure. Intraoperatively, the dilatation appeared to be caused by a localized chronic dissection of the pulmonary autograft. Surgery consisted of a modified Bentall procedure with a mechanical composite valve, with an uncomplicated postoperative course.
The Journal of heart valve disease 04/2007; 16(2):162-4. · 1.07 Impact Factor
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Primary pulmonary meningiomas are relatively rare and mostly benign. To exclude pulmonary metastasis of an intracranial meningioma, imaging studies of the brain should be performed. We believe that only one primary pulmonary malignant meningioma in which a metastasis from the brain was excluded has been reported. In this report we describe a second case with malignant features.
The Annals of thoracic surgery 11/2005; 80(4):1523-5. · 3.74 Impact Factor
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: A 64-year-old man presented with clinical features and echocardiographic diagnosis of an acute type A dissection. He underwent median sternotomy for definitive surgical treatment. On external examination of the aorta, other intrapericardial structures, and the right lung, it was evident that the patient had an advanced lung tumor. This was confirmed by frozen-section and histopathologic examinations. Epiaortic scanning showed beyond doubt the presence of a mobile intraaortic mass that had misled us in making the preoperative diagnosis of an acute type A dissection.
The Annals of Thoracic Surgery 06/2004; 77(5):1841-3. · 3.45 Impact Factor
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Recent studies indicate that colonization with cagA-positive Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori) strains may protect against gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) and its complications, but the role of cagA in the etiology of Barrett's esophagus has so far been poorly investigated. The pathogenesis of intestinal metaplasia (IM) at an endoscopically normal esophagogastric junction (EGJ) is still unclear, and the role of the H. pylori virulence factor cagA in it has not been investigated. The aim of our study was to assess the relationship between H. pylori and cagA-positive H. pylori in particular and IM at an endoscopically normal EGJ and Barrett's esophagus.
Serum samples were obtained from 62 patients without IM, 43 patients with IM at an endoscopically normal junction, and 51 patients with Barrett's esophagus. IM was defined as presence of goblet cells with positive staining with Alcian blue. The prevalence of H. pylori and cagA was investigated by assessment of IgG antibody levels as determined by ELISA.
The overall H. pylori prevalence was 59% (92/156), and the cagA prevalence was 29% (46/156). Although 63% (39/62) of IM negative subjects and 74% (32/43) of those with IM at the junction were H. pylori positive, only 41% (21/51) of Barrett's patients tested positive. The differences between the IM negative and the Barrett's group (p = 0.02) and between IM at the junction and Barrett's were significant (p = 0.002). The relative cagA prevalence (percentage with cagA positivity and H. pylori positivity) was 56% (22/39) in patients who were IM negative, 59% (19/32) in those with IM at the junction, and 24% (5/21) in those with Barrett's. The prevalence of anti-CagA was significantly lower in patients with Barrett's esophagus compared with patients who were IM negative (p = 0.002) and those who had IM at the junction (p < 0.001). No difference in cagA prevalence was seen between the latter groups.
These findings are in line with the concept that H. pylori and cagA-positive strains in particular protect against the development of Barrett's esophagus. In contrast, our findings do not support the theory that IM at an endoscopically normal esophagogastric junction is associated with H. pylori or cagA-positive strains. IM at the junction and Barrett's esophagus seem to have different etiologies.
The American Journal of Gastroenterology 08/2003; 98(8):1719-24. · 7.55 Impact Factor
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Carditis has become the subject of much study and discussion, although its etiology is still controversial. We wished to study the prevalence and possible pathogenetic mechanisms of carditis in a well-defined group of patients. In 664 patients biopsies were taken distal to the squamocolumnar junction (SCJ) and from the endoscopically defined cardia (2 cm below proximal margin of gastric folds). Specimens were stained with hematoxylin and eosin, Alcian blue, and modified Giemsa. Type of mucosa, inflammatory and metaplastic changes, and presence of Helicobacter pylori (Hp) were graded. Most of the patients had a normal appearing SCJ on endoscopy; 19.3% had short columnar segments (1–3 cm). In the first group cardiac/mixed mucosa was found in 71.9% of SCJ biopsies, and carditis (90.6%) was associated with Hp. In the second group, cardiac/mixed mucosa was present in 80.5%. There was a trend for an association between carditis (87.4%) and reflux esophagitis and hiatal hernia. Biopsies from the endoscopically defined cardia rarely contained cardiac/mixed mucosa (12.6%). These findings suggest two etiologies for carditis. In a normal-appearing SCJ carditis is associated with Hp, whereas in an irregular SCJ with short columnar segments/tongues carditis is associated with features of gastroesophageal reflux.
Digestive Diseases and Sciences 10/2001; 46(11):2424-2432. · 2.26 Impact Factor