Bei-Fen Shen

Beijing FivePlus Molecular Medicine Institute, Peping, Beijing, China

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Publications (51)79.97 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: B lymphocyte stimulator (BLyS) antagonists are new therapeutic reagents for treating the autoimmune diseases. Peptibodies can inhibit the bioactivity of BLyS, the same as other BLyS antagonists: decoyed BLyS receptors and anti-BLyS antibodies. In this study, a new optimized BLyS antagonist peptide was designed according to our previous work by the computer-aided homology modeling. Competitive ELISA showed that the peptide at 100 μg/ml could inhibit 54 % of the BCMA-Fc binding to BLyS. To maintain its stability and spatial conformation, the peptide was fused to human IgG1 Fc to form a peptide-Fc fusion protein-a novel peptibody by gene engineering. ELISA indicated that the peptibody could bind with BLyS in dosage-dependent manner as BCMA-Fc did. This study highlights the possibility of designing and optimizing BLyS antagonist peptides with high biopotency by the computer-aided design. Thus, these peptides could neutralize BLyS activity and be potential antagonists to treat autoimmune diseases related with BLyS overexpression.
    Biotechnology Letters 12/2012; · 1.85 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: This study was aimed to explore the influence of excessive complement activation on the pathological process of acute graft-versus-host disease (aGVHD) in mice. A murine model with aGVHD was established by injecting cell mixture containing splenocytes and bone marrow cells at 2:1 ratio from donor C57BL/6(H-2K(b)) mice into recipient BALB/c (H-2K(d)) mice within 4-6 hours after 8 Gy (60)Co γ-ray total body irradiation. The mice received syngeneic bone marrow transplantation were used as control group. After transplantation, the mice were monitored daily for body weight and mortality. At day 14, all mice were sacrificed and each liver was freshly dissociated for histological analysis. The hepatic mRNA abundance for complement components C3a and C5a as well as receptors for these two anaphylatoxin were tested by real-time quantitative PCR method. And the levels of C3a and C5a production in liver were detected by ELISA. The deposition of complement C3 in liver was determined by immunofluorescence staining using frozen section. The results indicated that as compared with syngeneic bone-marrow transplantation control group, experimental animals underwent aGVHD characterized by weight loss, depilation, diarrhea and lassitude. Interestingly, the hepatic mRNA expression for complement anaphylatoxin family member C3a and C5a as well as their receptors C3aR and C5aR1 in mice with aGVHD were significantly up-regulated in comparison with control group (p < 0.05). Consistently, the content of C3a and C5a in liver increased markedly in mice with aGVHD (p < 0.01). For animals ongoing aGVHD, complement component C3 depositions were observed in hepatic portal areas, around which massive inflammatory cell infiltration was also observed. It is concluded that in aGVHD animals, excessive complement activation occurs, and the activated complement components participate in pathological process of the aGVHD.
    Zhongguo shi yan xue ye xue za zhi / Zhongguo bing li sheng li xue hui = Journal of experimental hematology / Chinese Association of Pathophysiology 11/2010; 18(6):1585-9.
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    ABSTRACT: Teff/Treg imbalance orchestrated the onset and the progression of the lupus nephritis in a DBA/2→B6D2F1 murine model with cGVHD. In this paper, we first used 145-2C11 Ab to treat these human SLE-like diseased animals. The results showed that short-term low-dose anti-CD3 antibody treatment induced a significant remission of established proteinuria, production of autoantibodies, immune complex deposition and renal parenchyma lesions in lupus nephritic mice. Of note, we found a robust up-regulation of Foxp3 mRNA expression in the target tissue: kidney from mice with anti-CD3 antibody treatment compared to those with control IgG treatment. Likewise, an increased renal mRNA abundance for IL-10 was also observed in anti-CD3 antibody treated mice. In contrast, genes associated with inflammation and fibrosis as well as cytokines related to effector T cell responses were down-regulated by anti-CD3 mAb treatment. These findings suggested that short-term low-dose anti-CD3 antibody treatment might induced an IL-10-secreting Foxp3(+) regulatory T cells in this cGVHD target tissue: kidney, that suppressed the activation of effector T cells (Th1, Th2 and Th17), thus ameliorating the severity of the lupus nephritis in mice.
    Transplant Immunology 10/2010; 24(1):17-25. · 1.52 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: After treating with chemotherapy or immunosuppressant, malignant diseases of hematopoietic system such as leukemia, malignant lymphoma and aplastic anemia usually induced severe infection such as sepsis. Sepsis which is hard to be diagnosed causes high death rate. This study was purposed to establish an experimental sepsis mouse model so as to provide a basis for pathogenesis and intervention study. A classic caecal ligation and puncture (CLP) was used to establish experimental sepsis model. ELISA was used to detect levels of C5a, IL-6, TNFalpha, and IFN-gamma. Flow Cytometry was applied to measure apoptosis of lymphocytes in thymus and mesentery. The pathologic changes of thymus and spleen were confirmed by HE staining. The results showed that almost 70%-80% mice died at 72 hours after CLP. Only approximate 20% animal survived during finite time, mice in CLP group had significant weight lose. Meanwhile large release of different inflammatory mediators which are related with sepsis (C5a, IL-6, TNF-alpha, and IFN-gamma) was observed after CLP. Apoptosis of lymphocytes in thymus and mesentery lymphonodus was enhanced markedly after CLP. Significantly pathologic injury was also observed in thymus and spleen. It is concluded that a mouse model of experimental sepsis was successfully established by caecal ligation and puncture which can well mimic the clinical symptom of sepsis. The experimental sepsis mouse model provides an excellent tool for exploring the pathogenesis and intervention ways for sepsis accompanied with complicated malignant hematological diseases in vivo.
    Zhongguo shi yan xue ye xue za zhi / Zhongguo bing li sheng li xue hui = Journal of experimental hematology / Chinese Association of Pathophysiology 06/2010; 18(3):766-70.
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    ABSTRACT: This study was aimed to investigate the effects of xenogeneic antigen neu-Fc in combination with the recombinant human granulocyte-macrophage colony stimulating factor (GM-CSF) and Bacillus Calmette-Guerin (BCG) on the regulation of Th1 and Th2 immune response in vitro. The rat neu L2-S2 domain was engineered as a chimeric protein with human IgG Fc. The eukaryotic expression vector was constructed. The recombinant protein was stably expressed in CHO cells and purified by rProtein A Sepharose Fast Flow column. The recombinant protein was identified by SDS-PAGE and Western blot. Peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMNCs) were obtained by means of standard Ficoll separation from the blood of healthy donors. Neu-Fc-induced PBMNC proliferation was tested by MTT. The production of IL-12 and IL-10 was measured by ELISA. The results showed that the level of IL-12 decreased and IL-10 increased after PBMNCs were incubated with MCF-7 cultural supernatant. 10 nmol/L neu-Fc strongly induced the cell proliferation. Compared with neu-Fc or GM-CSF or BCG treatment alone, neu-Fc in combination with GM-CSF and BCG significantly stimulated IL-12 production and inhibited IL-10 production (p < 0.01). It is concluded that the neu-Fc can stimulate the proliferation activity of PBMNCs. neu-Fc, GM-CSF and BCG costimulation efficiently induces Th1 immune response.
    Zhongguo shi yan xue ye xue za zhi / Zhongguo bing li sheng li xue hui = Journal of experimental hematology / Chinese Association of Pathophysiology 12/2008; 16(6):1408-12.
  • Jian Sun, Zhou Lin, Yan Li, Bei-fen Shen
    Chinese medical journal 08/2008; 121(14):1319-23. · 0.90 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: In the present study, immunoproteomic analysis was utilized to systemically characterize global autoantibody profiles in autoimmune hepatitis (AIH). Sera from 21 patients with AIH and 15 healthy controls were analyzed for the antibody reactivity against the protein antigens of HepG2, a human hepatoma cell line. The lysates of HepG2 cells were separated by two-dimensional electrophoresis and then immunoblotted with each serum sample. Matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization mass spectrometry or/and nanoelectrospray ionization MS/MS were then used to identify antigens, among which a bifunctional enzyme in mitochondrial, fumarate hydratase (FH), was further analyzed by ELISA using recombinant FH as a coating antigen. A total of 18 immunoreactive spots were identified as 13 proteins, 8 of which have not been reported in AIH. Immune reactivity to FH was detected in 66.67% of patients with AIH, 19.35% of patients with primary biliary cirrhosis (PBC), 12.31% of patients with chronic hepatitis B (CHB), 6.35% of patients with chronic hepatitis C (CHC), 11.32% of patients with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE), and 3.57% of normal individuals. The differences of prevalence between AIH patients and healthy controls as well as other diseases were of statistical significance (P<0.001). These data demonstrate the serological heterogeneity in AIH and suggest the diversity of the mechanisms underlying AIH. FH, recognized mainly in AIH rather than in viral hepatitis and other autoimmune diseases, may have utility in improved diagnosis of AIH.
    Journal of Proteome Research 05/2008; 7(5):1963-70. · 5.06 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: In our previous report, we described a novel non-peptidic organic ligand of CD4 D1, designated J2, as a potential inhibitor of CD4 D1 and thus CD4-dependent T cell responses in vitro. In this work, we further used a murine model of corneal allograft rejection to determine its in vivo immunosuppressive activities. To mimic the situation in high-risk human eyes, the recipient mice corneas were all induced by intrastromal sutures to serve as neovascularized graft beds. J2 was administrated by mouth 3 h before transplantation and thereafter on consecutive 12 days. The results showed that J2 could significantly prolong the median survival time of the corneal allografts, compared to the untreated control group. And the subsequent functional assays, including T cell phenotype analysis, delayed-type hypersensitivity (DTH) and enzyme-linked immunospot (ELISPOT) assays revealed that the immunosuppressive activity of J2 was associated with its inhibitory effects on the CD4(+) T cells and these cells-mediated responses. All these results suggest that J2 is a potential lead for the development of new immunosuppressive agents to prevent the corneal allograft rejection.
    Transplant Immunology 12/2007; 18(2):130-7. · 1.52 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: To investigate the antitumor activities of an anti-ErbB2 scFv-Fc-interleukin 2 (IL-2) fusion protein (HFI) in vitro and in vivo. Fusion protein HFI was constructed. The efficacy of HFI in mediating tumor cell lysis was determined by colorimetric lactate dehydrogenase release assays. The antitumor activity of HFI was evaluated in tumor xenograft models. The fusion protein was folded as a homodimer formed by covalently linking Fc portions and it retained ErbB2 specificity and IL-2 biological activity. HFI mediated antibody-dependent cell-mediated cytotoxicity (ADCC) at low effector-to-target ratios in vitro and improved the therapeutic efficacy of IL-2 in experiments in vivo. The genetically-engineered anti-ErbB2 scFv-Fc-IL-2 fusion protein exhibited high efficiency both in mediating ADCC in vitro and significant antitumor activity in tumor xenograft models.
    Acta Pharmacologica Sinica 11/2007; 28(10):1611-20. · 2.35 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: In this study, the authors apply a computer-based strategy to screen thousands of small-molecule, nonpeptidic organic compounds in the Available Chemicals Directory database and to select a series of potential candidates as ligands of the proposed CD4 D1 surface pocket. Then, several cell-based models are used to determine the actual biological functions of these compounds. A small molecule designated A5 (N-((pyridine-4-yl)methylene)thiophene-2-carbohydrazide) was obtained by a virtual screening followed by 3 cell-based functional assays. The results show that A5 could specifically block the CD4-major histocompatibility complex II binding in a rosetting assay, inhibit the mixed lymphocyte reaction-induced T-cell proliferation in a concentration-dependent manner, and reduce the PMA plus ionomycin-stimulated interleukin-2 secretion from peripheral blood mononuclear cells.
    Journal of Biomolecular Screening 10/2007; 12(6):800-8. · 2.21 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: To acquire human DR5 extracellular fragment with bioactivity. Total RNA was prepared from Jurkat cells by Trizol. Human DR5 extracellular fragment gene was amplified by RT-PCR, cloned into pGEM-T Easy vector, and confirmed by sequence analysis. Then the gene was subcloned into expression vector pET30a with a His-tag at the amino terminus and expressed in E.coli BL21 (DE3). The products was purified by Ni-NTA chromatography column and identified by SDS-PAGE and Western blot. ELISA method was used to detect its binding activity to anti-DR5 monoclonal antibody (mAb) mDRA-6. Human DR5 extracellular fragment gene was successfully amplified and high level expression was obtained in E.coli BL21 (DE3) induced by 0.1 mmol/L IPTG. The DR5 extracellular fragment protein was identified by SDS-PAGE and Western blot analysis. ELISA results showed that the purified DR5 could be recognized by mDRA-6. The extracellular region of DR5 with bioactivity has been successfully expressed and purified, which lay the foundation for further study.
    Xi bao yu fen zi mian yi xue za zhi = Chinese journal of cellular and molecular immunology 10/2007; 23(9):791-3.
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    ABSTRACT: Accumulated evidence indicates that progesterone receptors (PR) are involved in proliferation of breast cancer cells and are implicated in the development of breast cancer. In this paper, a yeast two-hybrid screen for PR led to the identification of CUE domain containing 2 (CUEDC2), whose function is unknown. Our results demonstrate that CUEDC2 interacts with PR and promotes progesterone-induced PR degradation by the ubiquitin-proteasome pathway. The inhibition of endogenous CUEDC2 by siRNA nearly abrogated the progesterone-induced degradation of PR, suggesting that CUEDC2 is involved in progesterone-induced PR ubiquitination and degradation. Moreover, we identify the sumoylation site Lys-388 of PR as the target of CUEDC2-promoted ubiquitination. CUEDC2 decreases the sumoylation while promoting ubiquitination on Lys-388 of PRB. We also show that CUEDC2 represses PR transactivation, inhibits the ability of PR to stimulate rapid MAPK activity, and impairs the effect of progesterone on breast cancer cell growth. Therefore, our results identify a key post-translational mechanism that controls PR protein levels and for the first time provide an important insight into the function of CUEDC2 in breast cancer proliferation.
    The EMBO Journal 05/2007; 26(7):1831-42. · 9.82 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The interaction between CD4 and major histocompatibility complex (MHC) class II proteins is critical for the activation of CD4+ T cells, which are involved in transplantation reactions and a number of autoimmune diseases. It is known that the CD4 N-terminal immunoglobulin variable region-like domain (D1) is directed toward and reaching into the two membrane-proximal domains of the MHC class II molecule. Thus, compounds targeted to D1 would be expected to function as the inhibitors of the interaction of CD4 and class II MHC molecules. In this study, we used a computer-based design method to screen thousands of non-peptidic compounds in a molecular database and identified a group of compounds as potential ligands of CD4 D1. These small organic compounds were then synthesized and tested by actual biological assays. One of them, named J2, which possessed favorable activity, was obtained. Experimental data showed that J2 could specifically block stable CD4-MHC class II binding and elicit significant inhibition of immune responses in vitro and in vivo. All the results demonstrated the therapeutic potential of this compound as a novel immunosuppressive agent.
    Molecular Immunology 03/2007; 44(5):784-95. · 2.65 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The identification of panels of tumor antigens that elicit an antibody response may have utility in cancer screening, diagnosis and in establishing prognosis. However, autoantibodies normally exist in sera of healthy individuals and are enormously diversified. To explore the reservoir of autoantibody in healthy population, we performed a proteomics investigation of autoantibody profiles in the sera of 36 healthy Chinese individuals from Beijing, which may provide valuable reference information to the identification of disease-specific autoantibodies. The results showed that autoantibody profiles varied individually, but some autoantibodies were identified at a high frequency in the healthy population. The autoantibodies against alpha-enolase and those against heterogeneous nuclear ribonucleoprotein L were positive in more than 50% of the sera samples. The autoantibodies identified in more than 20% of samples included those against annexin II, F-actin capping protein beta subunit and calreticulin. Some of these autoantibodies have been previously reported to be involved in autoimmune conditions and cancers. Autoantibodies in the healthy population are important as a foundation from which disease-specific autoantibodies can be defined. Thus our report on autoantibodies in healthy individuals may be useful as a reference for defining new autoantibody biomarkers.
    PROTEOMICS 10/2006; 6(17):4781-9. · 4.13 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: To construct the eukaryotic expression vector of chimeric anti-human CD20 monoclonal antibody (mAb) and realize its expression. The light- and heavy-chain genes were amplified from hybridoma cell line 1-28 secreting anti-human CD20 mAb by RT-PCR and were cloned to T vector and sequenced. Proteins of mAb 1-28 were separated by reducing SDS-PAGE. Light- and heavy-chain bands were excised from preparative gel, digested by trypsin, and subjected to peptide mass fingerprinting. Software Biolynx and pepeseq were used to evaluate the score of probability. Correctness of the light- and heavy-chain DNA sequences was verified by their protein sequences. Genes of V(H) and V(L) were amplified from T vector and cloned into chimeric antibody expression vector (pCMV-V(H) and pCMV-V(L)), generating the expression vectors of chimeric anti-human CD20 mAb (C1-28) including light chain expression vector C1-28L and heavy chain expression vector C1-28H. The two plasmids were co-transfected into 293T cells with Lipofectamine 2000. RT-PCR was used to detect the transcription at mRNA level. C1-28 expression was detected by Sandwich ELISA and Western blot methods. mAb 1-28's genes were successfully cloned and verified by peptide mass fingerprinting. Eukaryotic expression vectors of anti-human CD20 mAb were constructed and expressed in 293T cells with the expression amount reaching 257 mg/L and the molecular weight consistent with that of human IgG. These experiments lay solid foundation for further study on the role of chimeric CD20 antibody in the treatment of non-Hodgkin's lymphoma.
    Xi bao yu fen zi mian yi xue za zhi = Chinese journal of cellular and molecular immunology 06/2006; 22(3):363-7.
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    ABSTRACT: FK506 is an efficient immunosuppressive agent with an increasing number of clinical applications. It has been approved to prevent rejection in transplant patients and be efficacious in several autoimmune diseases. Its immunosuppressive activity results from binding to receptor proteins designated as immunophilins (i.e., FKBP12, FK506 binding protein). Recent studies have suggested that FK506 can promote neurite outgrowth as a 2nd activity. Furthermore, it has been shown that the neurotrophic property of FK506 is independent of its immunosuppressive action. Although the mechanism of its neurotrophic activity has not yet been well elucidated, FKBP12 is identified as a drug target, and much effort has been directed toward the design of FKBP12-binding molecules, which are neurotrophic but non-immunosuppressive, for clinical use. In this present study, the authors constructed a stable cell line, which underwent apoptosis upon treatment by AP20187, a wholly synthesized, cell-permeable dimeric FK506 derivative, based on FKBP12-mBax dimerization. This AP20187-mediated apoptosis was rapidly reversed by the addition of an FKBP12-binding competitor molecule (FK506 or rapamycin), indicating that this cell line might be used to screen FK506 derivatives. Using the screening model, hundreds of synthetic FK506 analogs were analyzed. A promising compound, named N308, was obtained. The results showed that N308 could inhibit AP20187-induced gene-modified target cell apoptosis and elicit augmentation of neurite extension from both cultured PC-12 cells and chicken dorsal root ganglia cultures.
    Journal of Biomolecular Screening 05/2006; 11(3):225-35. · 2.21 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Progesterone receptor (PR) plays a critical role in cell proliferation and differentiation, and its transcriptional activity is known to be modulated by cofactor proteins. In the present study, we demonstrated that in the presence of progesterone, protein inhibitor of activated STAT-3 (PIAS3) significantly inhibited the PR transcriptional activity and the expression of progesterone-responsive genes. Reduction of endogenous PIAS3 by PIAS3 small-interfering RNA enhanced PR transactivation in a ligand-dependent manner. PIAS3 interacted with PR both in vitro and in vivo and the interaction was enhanced by progesterone. Furthermore, our findings suggested that PIAS3 strongly induced PRB sumoylation at three sites, Lys-7, Lys-388 and Lys-531. In addition, novel roles in PRB nuclear retention and transactivation were identified for these sites. Our data also suggested that PIAS3 was recruited in a largely hormone-dependent manner in response to a progesterone-responsive promoter. Finally, we demonstrated that PIAS3 inhibited the DNA-binding activity of PR and influenced its nuclear export as well as PR transactivation. Taken together, these data strongly suggested that PIAS3 played an important physiological role in PR function.
    Nucleic Acids Research 02/2006; 34(19):5552-66. · 8.81 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: To gain recombinant protein Cepsilon3-Cepsilon4 of IgE Fc (E34). We cloned the gene coding human IgE Cepsilon3-Cepsilon4 (E34) and constructed an expression vector pET28a(+)-E34. The target protein was expressed as inclusion body in E.coli BL-21. Following renaturation and purification through a CM sephorose FF column, the soluble protein was acquired, and its binding ability to murine anti-hIgE mAb was identified by Western blot and ELISA. The cloned E34 gene was sequenced and proved by SDS-PAGE to be the same as reported sequence. SDS-PAGE analysis showed the relative molecular mass of E34 protein obtained was correct as predicted. Western blot and ELISA data revealed that it owned the epitope of binding to murine anti-hIgE mAb. The expression vector pET28a(+)-E34 has been successfully constructed and the target protein E34 recognized specifically by murine anti-hIgE mAb is obtained.
    Xi bao yu fen zi mian yi xue za zhi = Chinese journal of cellular and molecular immunology 02/2006; 22(1):64-6, 70.
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    ABSTRACT: The identification of panels of tumor antigens that elicit an antibody response may have utility in cancer screening, diagnosis, and establishing prognosis. Until now, autoimmunity in cancer has been mainly revealed in solid tumors. The aim of this study was to apply the proteomic approach to the identification of proteins that commonly elicit a humoral response in acute leukemia (AL). Sera from 21 newly diagnosed patients with AL, 20 patients with solid tumors, and 22 noncancer controls were analyzed for antibody-based reactivity against AL proteins resolved by two-dimensional electrophoresis. As a result, autoantibody against a protein identified by mass spectrometry as Rho GDP dissociation inhibitor 2 was detected in sera from 15 of 21 patients with AL (71%). By contrast, such antibody was detected in sera from one of 20 patients with solid tumors (5%) and one of 22 noncancer controls (4.5%). Five other protein autoantibodies were also found in AL patients with a high frequency and constituted the major target antigens of the AL autoimmune response. The findings of autoantibodies against Rho GDP dissociation inhibitor 2 and other proteins in sera of patients with AL suggest that the proteomic approach we have implemented may have utility for the development of a serum-based assay for AL screening and diagnosis.
    Molecular &amp Cellular Proteomics 12/2005; 4(11):1718-24. · 7.25 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: One strain of neutralizing monoclonal antibody (MAb) against cell-binding polypeptide of ricin, named 3E1, was generated efficiently. The antibody recognized the linearity epitope of RTB located in a toxin structure domain characterized by Western blotting. The safe period of mice for intraperitoneal injection of 100 microg of antibody was 20 min after intraperitoneal injection of 2 microg of Ricin (10 times LD50). The neutralizing MAb we obtained could be developed into an immunotherapeutic agent to counteract the use of ricin as a terrorist or biological warfare weapon. It might be useful, as well, for antibody-based prophylaxis.
    Hybridoma (2005) 11/2005; 24(5):263-6. · 0.33 Impact Factor

Publication Stats

317 Citations
79.97 Total Impact Points

Institutions

  • 2006–2010
    • Beijing FivePlus Molecular Medicine Institute
      Peping, Beijing, China
  • 2000–2010
    • Academy of Military Medical Sciences
      T’ien-ching-shih, Tianjin Shi, China
    • Second Military Medical University, Shanghai
      Shanghai, Shanghai Shi, China
  • 2008
    • Tianjin University
      • Department of Molecular and Cellular Pharmacology
      T’ien-ching-shih, Tianjin Shi, China
  • 2007
    • Henan University
      • Laboratory of Cellular and Molecular Immunology
      Kaifeng, Henan Sheng, China
  • 2003–2007
    • National Center of Biomedical Analysis
      Peping, Beijing, China
    • Chinese PLA General Hospital (301 Hospital)
      Peping, Beijing, China
  • 2003–2005
    • Nanfang Hospital
      Shengcheng, Guangdong, China