Changkun Hu

Health Sciences North/Horizon Santé-Nord, Greater Sudbury, Ontario, Canada

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Publications (6)17.07 Total impact

  • V R Solomon, Changkun Hu, Hoyun Lee
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    ABSTRACT: A series of chloroquine (CQ) analogs were designed and synthesized in a repositioning approach to develop compounds with high anti-breast cancer property. The compounds were then examined for their antiproliferative effects on two human breast tumor cell lines and a matching non-cancer cell line. Although many of them showed substantial antiproliferative effects on breast cancer cells examined, two compounds, 7-chloro-N-(3-(4-(7-(trifluoromethyl)quinolin-4-yl)piperazin-1-yl)propyl)quinolin-4-amine (14) and {3-[4-(7-chloro-quinolin-4-yl)-piperazin-1-yl]-propyl}-(7-trifluoromethyl-quinolin-4-yl)-amine (26), emerged as the most active among this series. They were particularly potent against MCF7 cells when compared to CQ and cisplatin, a widely prescribed anti-cancer drug. The results suggest that these CQ analogs could serve as bases for the development of a new group of effective cancer chemotherapeutics.
    European journal of medicinal chemistry 09/2010; 45(9):3916-23. · 3.27 Impact Factor
  • V Raja Solomon, Changkun Hu, Hoyun Lee
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    ABSTRACT: A novel class of 4-piperazinylquinoline derivatives based on the isatin scaffold were designed by molecular hybridization approach and synthesized for biological evaluation. Subsequently, the compounds were examined for their cytotoxic effects on two human breast tumor cell lines, MDA-MB468 and MCF7, and two non-cancer breast epithelial cell lines, 184B5 and MCF10A. Although all compounds examined were quite effective on the breast cancer cell lines examined, the compound 4-bromo-1-[4-(7-chloro-quinolin-4-yl)-piperazin-1-ylmethyl]-1H-indole-2,3-dione (5b) and N(1)-[4-(7-trifluoromethyl-quinolin-4-yl)]-piperazin-1-ylmethyl-4-chloro-1H-indole-2,3-dione-3-thiosemicarbazone (8a) emerged as the most active among this series. It appeared that both 5b and 8a caused apoptosis to MCF7 cancer cells, but not MCF10A non-cancer cells. Thus, 4-piperazinylquinoline linked isatin analog can serve as the prototype molecule for further development of a new class of anti-breast cancer agents.
    Bioorganic & medicinal chemistry 02/2010; 18(4):1563-72. · 2.82 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the enhancement value of chloroquine analogs when used in combination with Akt inhibitors on the MDA-MB468, MDA-MB231 and MCF7 human breast cancer cell lines. The result showed that the combination of certain chloroquine analogs and Akt inhibitors are highly effective. In particular, the chloroquine analog N'-(7-fluoro-quinolin-4-yl)-N,N-dimethyl-ethane-1,2-diamine (compound 5) was highly effective in sensitizing cancer cell killing when combined with either Akt inhibitor 8 (1-{1-[4-(7-phenyl-1H-imidazo[4,5-g]quinoxalin-6-yl)-benzyl]-piperidin-4-yl}-1,3-dihydro-benzoimidazol-2-one) or 9 ([4-(2-chloro-4a,10a-dihydro-phenoxazin-10-yl)-butyl]-diethyl-amine hydrochloride). Importantly, the enhancement of chloroquine analogs 5 on cell killing by Akt inhibitors 8 and 9 was cancer-specific. Thus, this combinational approach is highly promising in controlling tumors with a minimum side effect. Structural analysis of effective and ineffective chloroquine analogs suggests that the 4-aminoquinoline scaffold and lateral side chain of dimethylamino functionality play an important role for the enhancement of cell killing by Akt inhibitors.
    European journal of medicinal chemistry 11/2009; 45(2):705-9. · 3.27 Impact Factor
  • V Raja Solomon, Changkun Hu, Hoyun Lee
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    ABSTRACT: A hybrid pharmacophore approach was used to design and synthesize isatin-benzothiazole analogs to examine their anti-breast cancer activity. The cytotoxicity of these compounds were determined using three different human breast tumor cell lines, MDA-MB231, MDA-MB468, MCF7, and two non-cancer breast epithelial cell lines, 184B5 and MCF10A. Although all compounds examined were quite effective on all the cancer cell lines examined, the compounds 4-bromo-1-diethylaminomethyl-1H-indole-2,3-dione (2l) and 4-chloro-1-dimethylaminomethyl-3-(6-methyl-benzothiazol-2-ylimino)-1,3-dihydro-indol-2-one (5e) emerged as the most active compounds of this series. Importantly, the cytotoxic effect of 2l was 10-15-fold higher on cancer than non-cancer cells, suggesting that this compound can be very effective for the control of breast cancer with low side effects. Since 2l showed effective cytotoxicity on MCF7 cells and arrested the cells at G2/M at a similar concentration, these two phenomena may be closely correlated. We conclude that the isatin-linked benzothiazole analog can serve as a prototype molecule for further development of a new class of anti-breast cancer agents.
    Bioorganic & medicinal chemistry 09/2009; 17(21):7585-92. · 2.82 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: This study was to evaluate the enhancement value of chloroquine (CQ) in cancer cell killing when used in combination with Akt inhibitors. The results showed that the combination of CQ and Akt inhibitors is much more effective than either one alone. Importantly, the CQ-mediated chemosensitization of cell killing effects by Akt inhibitors is cancer specific. In particular, when combined with 10 microM CQ, 1,3-dihydro-1-(1-((4-(6-phenyl-1H-imidazo[4,5-g]quinoxalin-7-yl)phenyl)methyl)-4-piperidinyl)-2H-benzimidazol-2-one (an Akt1 and 2 inhibitor; compound 8) killed cancer cells 10-120 times more effectively than normal cells. Thus, CQ is a very effective and cancer-specific chemosensitizer when used in combination with Akt inhibitors.
    Bioorganic & medicinal chemistry 10/2008; 16(17):7888-93. · 2.82 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: A series of 4-aminoquinoline derivatives were synthesized by the reaction of 4-chloro-7-substituted-quinolines with the corresponding mono/dialkyl amines. The structures of the synthesized compounds were confirmed by NMR and FAB-MS spectral and elemental analyses. Subsequently, the compounds were examined for their cytotoxic effects on two different human breast tumor cell lines: MCF7 and MDA-MB468. Although all compounds examined were quite effective on both cell lines, the compound N'-(7-chloro-quinolin-4-yl)-N,N-dimethyl-ethane-1,2-diamine emerged as the most active compound of the series. It was particularly potent against MDA-MB 468 cells when compared to chloroquine and amodiaquine. The compound butyl-(7-fluoro-quinolin-4-yl)-amine showed more potent effects on MCF-7 cells when compared to chloroquine. Therefore, 4-aminoquinoline can serve as the prototype molecule for further development of a new class of anticancer agents.
    Biomedecine [?] Pharmacotherapy 03/2008; 62(2):65-9. · 2.07 Impact Factor