Taeck-Hyun Lee

Gachon University, Sŏngnam, Gyeonggi Province, South Korea

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Publications (33)55.51 Total impact

  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Acanthopanax senticosus Harms (AS) is classified into the family of Araliaceae. The plant has been used as an analeptic aid, which improves weakened physical status and strength. Serotonin (5-hydroxytryptamine, 5-HT) is an important neurotransmitter and tryptophan hydroxylase (TPH) catalyzes the rate-f the raphe nuclei. These are associated with "central fatigue hypotheses" in the brain. In the present study, the effects of Acanthopanax senticosus on the time to exhaustion by treadmill exercise and on 5-HT synthesis and TPH expression in the dorsal raphe were investigated by immunohistochemistry. In the present results, Acanthopanax senticosus increased the time to exhaustion by treadmill running and it suppressed the exercise-induced increase of 5-HT synthesis and TPH expression. Acanthopanax senticosus was effective as caffeine for increasing the exhaustion time in treadmill running and for reducing the exercise-induced increase of 5-HT synthesis and TPH expression in the dorsal raphe. The present study shows that Acanthopanax senticosus reduces fatigue during exercise by the inhibition of exercise-induced 5-HT synthesis and TPH expression in the dorsal raphe.
    Journal of Ethnopharmacology 11/2007; 114(1):38-43. · 2.76 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Intracerebral hemorrhage is one of the most devastating types of stroke. Caspases are essential players in apoptotic cell death both as initiators and executioners. The v-Fos FBJ murine osteosarcoma viral oncogene homolog (Fos, c-Fos) is an immediate early gene, and Fos expression is sometimes used as a marker for stimuli-induced changes in the metabolic activity of neurons. The expressions of caspase3 and Fos are enhanced with neuroregeneration and with neuronal cell death, respectively. Cells proliferation the dentate gyrus of adult rodents is enhanced by certain pathologic events as seizures and ischemic insult, and such up-regulation of cell proliferation occurring during pathologic situations is thought to be a compensatory response to lesion-induced cell death in the brain. In the present study, we investigated the effects of acupuncture on the intrastriatal hemorrhage-induced caspase3 expression in the striatum and on the Fos expression and cell proliferation in the dentate gyrus of rats. For this study, immunohistochemistry for caspase3, Fos and 5-bromo-2'-deoxyuridine (BrdU) was performed. Caspase3 expression in the striatum was increased by intrastriatal hemorrhage. Fos expression and cell proliferation in the dentate gyrus of rats with intracerebral hemorrhage were also increased. Acupunctural treatment, especially at the ST36 acupoint, suppressed the intracerebral hemorrhage-induced caspase3 expression in the stratum, and it also inhibited expression of Fos and cell proliferation in the dentate gyrus. In the present study, we have shown that acupuncture treatment has a neuroprotective effect on intrastrstriatal hemorrhage-induced neuronal cell death, and this suggests that acupuncture can aid in the recovery of the central nervous system following stroke.
    Neurological Research 02/2007; 29 Suppl 1:S65-71. · 1.18 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: In the present study, the effects of maternal swimming during pregnancy on the short-term memory ability, hippocampal neurogenesis, and brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) mRNA expression of rat pups were investigated. After confirming their pregnancy, the pregnant rats were divided into two groups: the control group and the swimming group. From the 15th day of pregnancy until delivery, pregnant rats were subcutaneously injected with 100mg/kg of 5-bromo-2'-deoxyuridine (BrdU) once a day at 30min before the starting of swimming exercise. Pregnant rats in the swimming group were forced to swim for 10min once a day until delivery. On the 21 days after birth, the rat pups were trained in a step-down avoidance test. The latency time of the step-down avoidance task was determined on the 28 days after birth in order to evaluate the short-term memory ability of pups. On the 29 days after birth, the rat pups' brains were removed, and BrdU immunohistochemistry for the detection of neurogenesis and reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) for the detection of BDNF mRNA expression were then performed. The rat pups born from the maternal rats that performed swimming during pregnancy showed significantly increased BDNF mRNA expression, enhanced hippocampal neurogenesis, and improved short-term memory capability. The present results have clearly shown that maternal swimming by rats during pregnancy enhances the memory of the rats' offspring by increasing neurogenesis. Our present study provides the evidence that maternal exercise during the gestational period may enhance the brain functions of the mothers' offspring.
    Brain and Development 05/2006; 28(3):147-54. · 1.67 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: During the prenatal period, the development of individual is influenced by the environmental factors. In the present study, the influence of prenatal noise and music on the spatial memory and neurogenesis in the hippocampus of developing rats was investigated. The exposure to the noise during pregnancy caused growth retardation, decreased neurogenesis in the hippocampus, and impaired spatial learning ability in pups. The exposure to music during pregnancy, on the other hand, caused increased neurogenesis in the hippocampus and enhanced spatial learning ability in pups. The present study has shown the importance of the prenatal environmental conditions for the cognition and brain development.
    Brain and Development 04/2006; 28(2):109-14. · 1.67 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Maternal ethanol consumption during pregnancy has a detrimental effect on the central nervous system (CNS) development of fetus. 5-Hydroxytryptamine (5-HT) is an important neurotransmitter and/or neuromodulator in the mammalian CNS. Tryptophan hydroxylase (TPH) is the rate limiting enzyme of 5-HT synthesis. Ethanol is known to induce neuropsychiatric disorders by alteration of the central serotonergic system. In the present study, the effects of maternal ethanol intake on the 5-HT synthesis and the TPH expression in the dorsal raphe of rat offspring were investigated. The present results show that the synthesis of 5-HT and the expression of TPH in the dorsal raphe of rat offspring were suppressed by maternal ethanol intake and that the suppressive effect of alcohol was more potent in the 5 weeks old rat pups compared to the 3 weeks old rat pups. Based on the present study, it can be suggested that the pathogenesis of ethanol-induced neuropsychological disorders involves ethanol-induced suppression on the 5-HT synthesis and the TPH expression in the dorsal raphe of offspring.
    Brain and Development 11/2005; 27(7):472-6. · 1.67 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: It has been suggested that exercise may ameliorate neurologic impairment by impeding neuronal loss following various brain insults. In the present study, the effect of long-term treadmill exercise on short-term memory and apoptotic neuronal cell death in the hippocampus following transient global ischemia in gerbils was investigated. A step-down inhibitory avoidance task, terminal deoxynucleotidyl transferase-mediated dUTP nick end labeling (TUNEL) assay, and immunohistochemistry for caspase-3 were used for this study. Ischemia was induced by occlusion of both the common carotid arteries of gerbils for 5 min. Gerbils in the exercise groups were forced to run on a treadmill for 30 min once a day for 4 consecutive weeks. The present results reveal that treadmill exercise for 4 weeks improved short-term memory by suppressing the ischemia-induced apoptotic neuronal cell death in the hippocampus. Here in this study, we show that long-term treadmill exercise for 4 weeks overcomes the ischemia-induced apoptotic neuronal cell death and thus facilitates the recovery of short-term memory impairment induced by ischemic cerebral injury.
    Physiology & Behavior 05/2005; 84(5):733-8. · 3.16 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Armeniacae semen is the seed of Prunus armeniaca L. var. ansu MAXIM which is classified into Rosaceae. In traditional oriental medicine, Armeniacae semen has been used for the treatment of pain and inflammatory diseases. In this study, the effect of Armeniacae semen extract on lipopolysaccharide-induced inflammation was investigated using 3-(4,5-dimethylthiazol-2-yl)-2,5-diphenyltetrazolium bromide (MTT) assay, reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR), Western blot, prostaglandin E2 immunoassay, and nitric oxide detection on mouse BV2 microglial cells. In the present results, Armeniacae semen extract suppressed prostaglandin E2 synthesis and nitric oxide production by inhibiting the lipopolysaccharide-stimulated enhancement of cyclooxygenase-2 and inducible nitric oxide synthase mRNA expression in BV2 cells. These results show that Armeniacae semen exerts anti-inflammatory and analgesic effects probably by suppression of cyclooxygenase-2 and inducible nitric oxide synthase expressions.
    Biological & Pharmaceutical Bulletin 04/2005; 28(3):449-54. · 1.85 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH) is a severe complication in diabetic patients. Currently, physical exercise is recommended as a behavioral intervention to promote functional recovery in brain diseases, including ICH. Recently, hyperglycemia is known to aggravate brain injury in experimental ICH. Here, we examined the effect of treadmill exercise on the intrastriatal hemorrhage-induced neuronal cell death and cell proliferation in the dentate gyrus of hyperglycemic rats. Hyperglycemia was induced by the intraperitoneal injection of 50 mg/kg streptozotocin (STZ). Intrastriatal hemorrhage was induced by the infusion of 0.2 U collagenase into the striatum using stereotaxic instrument. Rats in the exercise groups were forced to run on a treadmill for 30 min daily for 10 days. Apoptosis was assessed by the terminal deoxynucleotidyl transferase-mediated dUTP nick end labeling (TUNEL) assay. Cell proliferation was assessed by the 5-bromo-2'-deoxyuridine (BrdU) immunohistochemistry. Our data showed that in rats started treadmill exercise 24 h after ICH induction, the size of lesion induced by hemorrhage and the number of apoptotic cells were decreased significantly. The number of proliferating cells in the dentate gyrus was significantly decreased in hyperglycemic rats. Treadmill exercise markedly enhanced cell proliferation in the dentate gyrus of hyperglycemic rats. The data suggest that treadmill exercise may provide therapeutic value to ICH patients with hyperglycemia by suppressing neuronal apoptosis and increasing cell proliferation.
    Journal of Diabetes and its Complications 01/2005; 19(6):339-46. · 2.06 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Nitric oxide is synthesized from L-arginine by nitric oxide synthase (NOS), and it is a free radical with signaling functions. Neuronal nitric oxide synthase (nNOS) is mainly expressed in the central nervous system, and it has been implicated in the pathogenesis of brain injury such as ischemia. In the present study, the effects of 7-nitroindazole, which specifically inhibits nNOS, on apoptosis and cell proliferation int he dentate gyrus after transient global ischemia in gerbils were investigated. Enhanced apoptotic neuronal cell death and cell proliferation were observed in the dentate gyrus of ischemic gerbils. However, 7-nitroindazole suppressed the ischemia-induced apoptosis and cell proliferation. These results suggest that 7-nitroindazole has an inhibitive effect on apoptosis and cell proliferation following transient global ischemia. The present study shows that nitric oxide, the synthesis of which is augmented by ischemia, plays an important role in the regulation of apoptosis and cell proliferation following ischemic injury.
    Neuroscience Research Communications 10/2004; 35(2):164 - 172.
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    ABSTRACT: c-Fos has been used as a neuronal activity marker. Here, we examined the influence of age on the treadmill running-induced c-Fos expression in rat hippocampus. Rats of exercise groups were forces to run on treadmill for 30 min. once a day for 5 consecutive days. Without exercise, c-Fos expression was highest in 8-week old rats. Treadmill exercise significantly enhanced the c-Fos expression in the hippocampus of rats in all ages. In the CA region, the increase of the c-Fos expression by treadmill exercise was highest in 4-week old rats. In the dentate gyrus, the increase of the c-Fos expression by treadmill exercise was highest in 62-week old rats. The data show that age is an important factor for the regulation of the c-Fos expression in the hippocampus and that the ability of the treadmill exercise enhancing the c-Fos expression is dependent on age status.
    Neuroscience Research Communications 08/2004; 35(1):41 - 50.
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    ABSTRACT: Intracerebral hemorrhage is one of the most devastating types of stroke. In the present study, the effect of acupuncture on intrastriatal hemorrhage-induced neuronal cell death in rats was investigated via Nissl staining, terminal deoxynucleotidyl transferase-mediated dUTP nick end labeling assay, and immunohistochemistry for caspase-3. The present results showed that lesion size and apoptotic neuronal cell death in the striatum were significantly increased following intrastriatal hemorrhage in rats and that acupunctural treatment at the Zusanli acupoint suppressed the hemorrhage-induced increase in lesion size and apoptotic neuronal cell death in the striatum. In the present study, it can be suggested that acupunctural treatment, especially at the Zusanli acupoint, may aid in the recovery following central nervous system sequellae following intracerebral hemorrhage.
    Neuroscience Letters 06/2004; 362(2):141-5. · 2.03 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Ma huang, the dried plant stem of ephedra intermedia Schrenk et C.A., contains an ephedrine-type alkaloid and has been used for weight loss. Neuropeptide Y (NPY), a 36-amino acid peptide, is concentrated in the hypothalamus and stimulates feeding desire. In this study, the effect of ma huang on the expressions of NPY in the hypothalamus of rats was investigated using immunohistochemistry. Food-deprivation enhanced the NPY expression in the hypothalamus. ma huang suppressed the food-deprivation-induced enhancement of NPY expression. Present results suggest that ma huang curbs the food desire by suppressing the NPY expression under food-deprivation conditions.
    The American Journal of Chinese Medicine 02/2004; 32(5):659-67. · 2.28 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Nitric oxide (NO) is synthesized from L-arginine by nitric oxide synthase (NOS). Alternation of NOS expression is implicated in the pathogenesis of numerous secondary complications of diabetes. Aqueous extract of Ginseng radix has traditionally been used for the various disorders including diabetes. In this study, the effect of Ginseng radix on the NOS expression in the hippocampus of streptozotocin (STZ)-induced diabetic rats was investigated via nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide phosphate-diaphorase (NADPH-d) histochemistry. Enhanced NOS expression was detected in the hippocampus of diabetic rats and administration of Ginseng radix suppressed NOS expression. Ginseng radix may aid the treatment of central nervous system complications in diabetes.
    The American Journal of Chinese Medicine 02/2004; 32(4):497-507. · 2.28 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Exercise has been known to potentially affect food intake. Neuropeptide Y (NPY) is a 36 amino acid peptide and concentrated in the hypothalamus which is an appetite-regulating area. NPY is known to stimulate appetite and decrease energy expenditure. In the present study, the effect of treadmill running on the NPY expression in the hypothalamus of food-deprived rats was investigated using immunohistochemistry. Enhanced NPY expression in the paraventricular nucleus (PVN) and arcuate nucleus (ARN) was observed in the food-deprived rats. Treadmill exercise suppressed the enhancement of NPY expression in the PVN and ARN following food deprivation, but this suppressive effect was not affected by exercise intensity. Based on the present results, it can be suggested that treadmill exercise is effective in limiting the enhancement of NPY expression following food-deprived conditions.
    Neuroscience Research Communications 01/2004; 34(2):63-71.
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    ABSTRACT: Nitric oxide (NO) is a free radical synthesized from L-arginine by nitric oxide synthase (NOS). NO is crucially involved in the regulation of food intake and it is also closely implicated in the abnormalities of food intake such as hyperphagia. In the present study, the effects of treadmill exercise on the expressions of NOS and neuronal nitric oxide synthase (nNOS) in the hypothalamus of streptozotocin-induced diabetic rats were investigated. Sprague-Dawley rats were divided into four groups; the control-rest group, the control-exercise group, the diabetes-rest group, and the diabetes-exercise group. Rats in the exercise groups were put on the treadmill to run for 30 minutes once a day for 6 consecutive days. The results of the present study is that treadmill exercise suppressed diabetes-induced increase of NOS and nNOS expressions in the hypothalamus. These results suggest the possibility that treadmill exercise may reduce the increased appetite induced by diabetes.
    Nutrition Research. 01/2004;
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    ABSTRACT: Intracerebral hemorrhage is one of the most devastating types of stroke. This disease is known to cause severe neurological damage and also has a very high mortality rate. In this study, the effect of treadmill exercise on intrastriatal hemorrhage-induced neuronal cell death was investigated. Intrastriatal hemorrhage was caused by injection of collagenase into the striatum using a stereotaxic instrument. Animals of the exercise group were made to run on a treadmill for 30 min once a day during 10 consecutive days. In the present results, treadmill exercise was shown to suppress the increase in the size of hemorrhage-induced lesions and the increase in caspase-3 expression in the striatum. Based on these results, it is possible that treadmill exercise aids in the recovery from central nervous system sequelae following intracerebral hemorrhage.
    Neuroscience Letters 12/2003; 352(1):33-6. · 2.03 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The expression of c-Fos is induced by a variety of stimuli and is sometimes used as a marker for increased neuronal activity. In the present study, the effect of treadmill running on c-Fos expression in the hippocampus and the involvement of opioid receptors were investigated via c-Fos immunohistochemistry. It was shown that c-Fos expression in the CA1 region, the CA2 and CA3 regions, and the dentate gyrus of the hippocampus was significantly increased by treadmill running and naloxone, a nonselective opioid receptors antagonist, treatment enhanced treadmill exercise-induced increase of hippocampal c-Fos expression. Base on the present results, it can be suggested that treadmill running increases hippocampal neuronal activity and that endogenous opioids curtail the exercise-induced increase.
    Life Sciences 11/2003; 73(24):3139-47. · 2.56 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Cerebral ischemia resulting from transient or permanent occlusion of cerebral arteries leads to neuronal cell death and eventually causes neurological impairments. In the present study, the effects of treadmill exercise on apoptosis and cell proliferation in the hippocampal dentate gyrus following transient global ischemia in gerbils were investigated using terminal deoxynucleotidyl transferase-mediated dUTP nick end labeling (TUNEL) assay and immunohistochemistry for caspase-3 and 5-bromo-2'-deoxyuridine (BrdU). It was shown that apoptotic cell death and cell proliferation in the hippocampal dentate gyrus were significantly increased following transient global ischemia in gerbils and that treadmill exercise suppressed the ischemia-induced increase in apoptosis and cell proliferation in the dentate gyrus. The present results suggest that treadmill exercise may protect cells from apoptotic death and aid in recovery from the central nervous system sequelae following stroke.
    Life Sciences 10/2003; 73(19):2455-65. · 2.56 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Acupuncture has been used for the enhancement of functional recovery from various disorders including stroke. In the present study, the effects of acupuncture on the c-Fos expression and apoptosis in the hippocampal CA1 region of gerbils following transient global ischemia were investigated via immunohistochemistry for c-Fos and caspase-3 and terminal deoxynucleotidyl transferase-mediated dUTP nick end labeling (TUNEL) assay. Enhanced Fos, TUNEL, and caspase-3 positivities were detected in the hippocampal CA1 region in the ischemic gerbils. Acupunctural treatment suppressed the ischemia-induced increment in the number of Fos-, TUNEL-, and caspase-3-positive cells: the most potent suppressive effect was observed at the Zusanli acupoint. These results suggest that acupunctural treatment alleviates ischemia-induced apoptosis and may aid in the recovery following ischemic cerebral injury.
    Neuroscience Letters 09/2003; 347(1):5-8. · 2.03 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Bupivacaine and ropivacaine are local surgical anesthetics with great efficacy in post-operative pain relief and labor analgesia. In the present study, the effects of bupivacaine and ropivacaine on ion currents induced by glycine and glutamate in acutely dissociated hippocampal CA1 neurons of rats were investigated via a nystatin-perforated patch clamping method at a clamped voltage. The magnitude of the glycine-induced ion currents was decreased reversibly and in a time-dependent manner by continuous application of 0.1 mg/ml of either bupivacaine or ropivacaine. The magnitude of the glutamate-induced ion currents was also suppressed time-dependently by continuous application of either bupivacaine or ropivacaine. The inhibitory action of bupivacaine and ropivacaine on currents induced by glycine and glutamate could be one of the mechanisms behind the actions of these anesthetics.
    Neuroscience Letters 07/2003; 344(1):33-6. · 2.03 Impact Factor

Publication Stats

352 Citations
55.51 Total Impact Points

Institutions

  • 2007
    • Gachon University
      Sŏngnam, Gyeonggi Province, South Korea
  • 2003–2007
    • Korea University
      • Graduate School
      Seoul, Seoul, South Korea
    • Kyung Hee University
      • College of Medicine
      Seoul, Seoul, South Korea