Publications (76)221.09 Total impact
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ABSTRACT: We present a formulation of 4component relativistic selfconsistent field (SCF) theory for a molecular solute described within the framework of the polarizable continuum model (PCM) for solvation. The linear response function for a 4component PCMSCF state is also derived. The explicit form of the additional contributions to the firstorder response equations is given. The implementation of such a 4component PCMSCF model, as carried out in a development version of the DIRAC program package, is documented. In particular, we present the newly developed application programming interface (API) PCMSolver used in the actual implementation with DIRAC. To demonstrate the applicability of the approach we present and analyze calculations of solvation effects on the geometries, electric dipole moments and static electric dipole polarizabilities for the Group 16 Dihydrides H2X (X = O, S, Se, Te, Po).The Journal of Physical Chemistry A 11/2014; · 2.77 Impact Factor  [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: The effects of parity violation (PV) on the vibrational transitions of chiral uranium compounds of the type N[triple bond, length as mdash]UXYZ and N[triple bond, length as mdash]UHXY (X, Y, Z = F, Cl, Br, I) are analysed by means of exact twocomponent relativistic (X2C) HartreeFock and density functional calculations using NUFClI and NUHFI as representative examples. The PV contributions to the vibrational transitions were found to be in the Hz range, larger than for any of the earlier proposed chiral molecules. Thus, these systems are very promising candidates for future experimental PV measurements. A detailed comparison of the N[triple bond, length as mdash]UHFI and the N[triple bond, length as mdash]WHFI homologues reveals that subtle electronic structure effects, rather than exclusively a simple Z(5) scaling law, are the cause of the strong enhancement in PV contributions of the chiral uranium molecules.Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics 07/2014; · 4.20 Impact Factor  [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: Dalton is a powerful generalpurpose program system for the study of molecular electronic structure at the HartreeFock, KohnSham, multiconfigurational selfconsistentfield, MøllerPlesset, configurationinteraction, and coupledcluster levels of theory. Apart from the total energy, a wide variety of molecular properties may be calculated using these electronicstructure models. Molecular gradients and Hessians are available for geometry optimizations, molecular dynamics, and vibrational studies, whereas magnetic resonance and optical activity can be studied in a gaugeorigininvariant manner. Frequencydependent molecular properties can be calculated using linear, quadratic, and cubic response theory. A large number of singlet and triplet perturbation operators are available for the study of one, two, and threephoton processes. Environmental effects may be included using various dielectricmedium and quantummechanics/molecularmechanics models. Large molecules may be studied using linearscaling and massively parallel algorithms. Dalton is distributed at no cost from http://www.daltonprogram.org for a number of UNIX platforms.Wiley interdisciplinary reviews: Computational Molecular Science. 05/2014; 4(3):269284. · 5.74 Impact Factor 
Article: Theoretical (57)Fe Mössbauer spectroscopy: isomer shifts of [Fe]hydrogenase intermediates.
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ABSTRACT: Mössbauer spectroscopy is an indispensable spectroscopic technique and analytical tool in iron coordination chemistry. The linear correlation between the electron density at the nucleus ("contact density") and experimental isomer shifts has been used to link calculated contact densities to experimental isomer shifts. Here we have investigated relativistic methods of systematically increasing sophistication, including the eXact 2Component (X2C) Hamiltonian and a finitenucleus model, for the calculation of isomer shifts of iron compounds. While being of similar accuracy as the full fourcomponent treatment, X2C calculations are far more efficient. We find that effects of spinorbit coupling can safely be neglected, leading to further speedup. Linear correlation plots using effective densities rather than contact densities versus experimental isomer shift lead to a correlation constant a = 0.294 a0(3) mm s(1) (PBE functional) which is close to an experimentally derived value. Isomer shifts of similar quality can thus be obtained both with and without fitting, which is not the case if one pursues a priori a nonrelativistic model approach. As an application for a biologically relevant system, we have studied three recently proposed [Fe]hydrogenase intermediates. The structures of these intermediates were extracted from QM/MM calculations using large QM regions surrounded by the full enzyme and a solvation shell of water molecules. We show that a comparison between calculated and experimentally observed isomer shifts can be used to discriminate between different intermediates, whereas calculated atomic charges do not necessarily correlate with Mössbauer isomer shifts. Detailed analysis reveals that the difference in isomer shifts between two intermediates is due to an overlap effect.Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics 01/2014; · 4.20 Impact Factor  [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: The use of magneticfield dependent London atomic orbitals, also called gauge including atomic orbitals, is known to be an efficient choice for accurate nonrelativistic calculations of magnetisabilities. In this work, the appropriate formulas were extended and implemented in the framework of the fourcomponent relativistic linear response method at the selfconsistent field single reference level. Benefits of employing the London atomic orbitals in relativistic calculations are illustrated with Hartree–Fock wave functions on the XF3 (X = N, P, As, Sb, Bi) series of molecules. Significantly better convergence of magnetisabilities with respect to the basis set size is observed compared to calculations employing a common gauge origin. In fact, it is mandatory to use London atomic orbitals unless you want to use ridiculously large basis sets. Relativistic effects on magnetisabilities are found to be quite small (g tensors in the relativistic domain and discuss its origin. Finally, we visualise the magnetisability density which shows markedly atomic features evocative of Pascal’s rules.Molecular Physics 07/2013; 111(911):13731381. · 1.67 Impact Factor  [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: With their rich electronic, vibrational, rotational and hyperfine structure, molecular systems have the potential to play a decisive role in precision tests of fundamental physics. For example, electroweak nuclear interactions should cause small energy differences between the two enantiomers of chiral molecules, a signature of parity symmetry breaking. Enantioenriched oxorhenium(vii) complexes S() and R(+) bearing a chiral 2methyl1thiopropanol ligand have been prepared as potential candidates for probing molecular parity violation effects via high resolution laser spectroscopy of the Re[double bond, length as mdash]O stretching. Although the rhenium atom is not a stereogenic centre in itself, experimental vibrational circular dichroism (VCD) spectra revealed a surrounding chiral environment, evidenced by the Re[double bond, length as mdash]O bond stretching mode signal. The calculated VCD spectrum of the R enantiomer confirmed the position of the sulfur atom cis to the methyl, as observed in the solidstate Xray crystallographic structure, and showed the presence of two conformers of comparable stability. Relativistic quantum chemistry calculations indicate that the vibrational shift between enantiomers due to parity violation is above the target sensitivity of an ultrahigh resolution infrared spectroscopy experiment under active preparation.Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics 05/2013; · 4.20 Impact Factor  The Journal of Chemical Physics 06/2012; 136(23):239902. · 3.12 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: We report the implementation of longrange secondorder Møller–Plesset perturbation theory coupled with shortrange density functional theory (MP2srDFT) based on the 4component relativistic Dirac–Coulomb Hamiltonian. The range separation of the twoelectron interaction is based on the error function, such that the longrange interaction, to be handled by wave function theory, corresponds to the potential of finite electrons with a Gaussian charge distribution. We argue that the interelectronic distance associated with the rangeseparation parameter should accordingly be determined from a Gaussian rather than a hardsphere model. As a first application of our relativistic MP2srDFT implementation we calculate spectroscopic constants of the complete series of homoatomic rare gas dimers, from helium to the superheavy element 118 and with bonding dominated by dispersion forces. We find that the MP2srDFT method is less sensitive to the basis set quality than pure MP2, but for the heavier rare gas dimers the computational cost is approximately the same as for pure MP2 if one seeks convergence with respect to both basis set and number of correlated electrons. The inclusion of a shortrange DFT contribution allows to dampen the tendency of pure MP2 to overbind the heavier dimers, but it is difficult to find an optimal rangeseparation parameter for the whole series of diatomics. Interestingly, MP2srLDA shows better performance than MP2srPBE for the selected molecules.Chemical Physics 02/2012; 395:54–62. · 1.96 Impact Factor  [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: We report the implementation of nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) shielding tensors within the fourcomponent relativistic KohnSham density functional theory including noncollinear spin magnetization and employing London atomic orbitals to ensure gauge origin independent results, together with a new and efficient scheme for assuring correct balance between the large and small components of a molecular fourcomponent spinor in the presence of an external magnetic field (simple magnetic balance). To test our formalism we have carried out calculations of NMR shielding tensors for the HX series (X = F, Cl, Br, I, At), the Xe atom, and the Xe dimer. The advantage of simple magnetic balance scheme combined with the use of London atomic orbitals is the fast convergence of results (when compared with restricted kinetic balance) and elimination of linear dependencies in the basis set (when compared to unrestricted kinetic balance). The effect of including spin magnetization in the description of NMR shielding tensor has been found important for hydrogen atoms in heavy HX molecules, causing an increase of isotropic values of 10%, but negligible for heavy atoms.The Journal of Chemical Physics 01/2012; 136(1):014108. · 3.12 Impact Factor  [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: We report the implementation of nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) shielding tensors within the fourcomponent relativistic Kohn–Sham density functional theory including noncollinear spin magnetization and employing London atomic orbitals to ensure gauge origin independent results, together with a new and efficient scheme for assuring correct balance between the large and small components of a molecular fourcomponent spinor in the presence of an external magnetic field (simple magnetic balance). To test our formalism we have carried out calculations of NMR shielding tensors for the HX series (X = F, Cl, Br, I, At), the Xe atom, and the Xe dimer. The advantage of simple magnetic balance scheme combined with the use of London atomic orbitals is the fast convergence of results (when compared with restricted kinetic balance) and elimination of linear dependencies in the basis set (when compared to unrestricted kinetic balance). The effect of including spin magnetization in the description of NMR shielding tensor has been found important for hydrogen atoms in heavy HX molecules, causing an increase of isotropic values of 10%, but negligible for heavy atoms.The Journal of Chemical Physics 01/2012; 136:014108014120. · 3.12 Impact Factor  [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: We present C6 homo and heteroatomic dispersion coefficients for all closedshell atoms of the periodic table based on dipole–dipole polarizabilities at imaginary frequencies calculated using our recent extension of the complex polarization propagator approach to the fourcomponent relativistic Kohn–Sham approach. Lack of proper reference data bars definite conclusions as to which density functional shows the overall best performance, and we therefore call for stateoftheart wave functionbased correlated calculations of dispersion coefficients. Scalar relativistic effects are significant already for elements as light as zinc, whereas spin–orbit effects must be taken into account only for very heavy elements.Molecular Physics 01/2012; · 1.67 Impact Factor  [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: Last years witnessed a remarkable interest in application of quantum computing for solving problems in quantum chemistry more efficiently than classical computers allow. Very recently, even first proofofprinciple experimental realizations have been reported. However, so far only the nonrelativistic regime (i.e. Schroedinger equation) has been explored, while it is well known that relativistic effects can be very important in chemistry. In this letter we present the first quantum algorithm for relativistic computations of molecular energies. We show how to efficiently solve the eigenproblem of the DiracCoulomb Hamiltonian on a quantum computer and demonstrate the functionality of the proposed procedure by numerical simulations of computations of the spinorbit splitting in the SbH molecule. Finally, we propose quantum circuits with 3 qubits and 9 or 10 CNOTs, which implement a proofofprinciple relativistic quantum chemical calculation for this molecule and might be suitable for an experimental realization.Physical Review A 11/2011; 85(3). · 3.04 Impact Factor  [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: An overview is given of 2 and 4component relativistic Hamiltonians for use in quantum chemistry. The physics of the relativistic corrections are discussed in terms of the Pauli Hamiltonian.ChemPhysChem 11/2011; 12(17):307794. · 3.35 Impact Factor 
Article: 4Component relativistic magnetically induced current density using London atomic orbitals.
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ABSTRACT: We present the implementation and application of 4component relativistic magnetically induced current density using London atomic orbitals for selfconsistent field models. We obtain a magnetically balanced basis by a simple scheme where orbitals obtained by imposing restricted kinetic balance are extended by their unrestricted kinetic balance complement. The presented methodology makes it possible to analyze the concept of aromaticity based on the ring current criterion for closedshell molecules across the periodic table and is independent of the choice of gauge origin. As a first illustration of the methodology we study plots of the magnetically induced current density and its divergence in the series C(5)H(5)E (E = CH, N, P, As, Sb, Bi) at the KohnSham level, as well as integrated ring current susceptibilities, which we compare to previous results (R. Bast et al., Chem. Phys., 2009, 356, 187) obtained using a common gauge origin approach. We find that the current strength decreases monotonically along the series, but that all molecules qualify as aromatic according to the ring current criterion.Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics 11/2011; 13(46):206829. · 4.20 Impact Factor 
Article: Zero field splitting of the chalcogen diatomics using relativistic correlated wavefunction methods.
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ABSTRACT: The spectrum arising from the (π*)(2) configuration of the chalcogen dimers, namely, the X(2)1, a2, and b0(+) states, is calculated using wavefunction theory based methods. Twocomponent (2c) and fourcomponent (4c) multireference configuration interaction (MRCI) and Fockspace coupled cluster (FSCC) methods are used as well as twostep methods spinorbit complete active space perturbation theory at 2nd order (SOCASPT2) and spinorbit difference dedicated configuration interaction (SODDCI). The energy of the X(2)1 state corresponds to the zerofield splitting of the ground state spin triplet. It is described with high accuracy by the 2 and 4component methods in comparison with experiment, whereas the twostep methods give about 80% of the experimental values. The b0(+) state is well described by 4cMRCI, SOCASPT2, and SODDCI, but FSCC fails to describe this state and an intermediate Hamiltonian FSCC ansatz is required. The results are readily rationalized by a twoparameter model; Δε, the π* spinor splitting by spinorbit coupling and K, the exchange integral between the π(1)* and the π(1)* spinors with, respectively, angular momenta 1 and 1. This model holds for all systems under study with the exception of Po(2).The Journal of Chemical Physics 09/2011; 135(11):114106. · 3.12 Impact Factor  [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: The electrostatic contribution to the Mössbauer isomer shift of mercury for the series HgF n (n=1,2,4) with respect to the neutral atom has been investigated in the framework of four and twocomponent relativistic theory. Replacing the integration of the electron density over the nuclear volume by the contact density (that is, the electron density at the nucleus) leads to a 10% overestimation of the isomer shift. The systematic nature of this error suggests that it can be incorporated into a correction factor, thus justifying the use of the contact density for the calculation of the Mössbauer isomer shift. The performance of a large selection of density functionals for the calculation of contact densities has been assessed by comparing with finitefield fourcomponent relativistic coupledcluster with single and double and perturbative triple excitations [CCSD(T)] calculations. For the absolute contact density of the mercury atom, the Density Functional Theory (DFT) calculations are in error by about 0.5%, a result that must be judged against the observation that the change in contact density along the series HgF n (n=1,2,4), relevant for the isomer shift, is on the order of 50ppm with respect to absolute densities. Contrary to previous studies of the 57Fe isomer shift (F Neese, Inorg Chim Acta 332:181, 2002), for mercury, DFT is not able to reproduce the trends in the isomer shift provided by reference data, in our case CCSD(T) calculations, notably the nonmonotonous decrease in the contact density along the series HgF n (n=1,2,4). Projection analysis shows the expected reduction of the 6s 1/2 population at the mercury center with an increasing number of ligands, but also brings into light an opposing effect, namely the increasing polarization of the 6s 1/2 orbital due to increasing effective charge of the mercury atom, which explains the nonmonotonous behavior of the contact density along the series. The same analysis shows increasing covalent contributions to bonding along the series with the effective charge of the mercury atom reaching a maximum of around +2 for HgF4 at the DFT level, far from the formal charge +4 suggested by the oxidation state of this recently observed species. Whereas the geometries for the linear HgF2 and squareplanar HgF4 molecules were taken from previous computational studies, we optimized the equilibrium distance of HgF at the fourcomponent Fockspace CCSD/augccpVQZ level, giving spectroscopic constants r e = 2.007 Å and ω e = 513.5cm−1. KeywordMössbauer spectroscopy–Relativistic quantum chemistry–Density functional theory–Coupled cluster–Contact density–Mercury compounds–Picture change effectsTheoretical Chemistry Accounts 06/2011; 129(3):631650. · 2.14 Impact Factor  [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: We report a 4component relativistic benchmark study of the isotopic field shift in the rotational spectrum of three diatomic molecules: TlI, PbTe and PtSi. A central quantity in the theory is the derivative with respect to internuclear distance of an effective electron density associated with a given nucleus, calculated at the equilibrium distance. The effective density, which is related to the mean electron density within the nuclear volume, is usually replaced with the contact density, that is, the electron density at the origin of the nucleus. Our computational study shows that for the chosen systems this induces errors on the order of 10%, which is not acceptable for highprecision work. On the other hand, the systematic nature of the error suggests that it can be handled by an atomspecific correction factor. Our calibration study reveals that relativistic effects increase the contact density gradient by about an order of magnitude, and that the proper transformation of the associated property operator is mandatory in 1 and 2component relativistic calculations. Our results show very good agreement with the experimental data presented by Schlembach and Tiemann [Chem. Phys. 68 (1982) 21], but disagree completely with the revised results given by the same group in a later paper [Chem. Phys., 93 (1985) 349]. We have carefully rederived the relevant formulas and can not see that the rescaling of results is justified. Curiously previous DFT calculations agree quite well with the revised results for TlI and PbTe, but we demonstrate that this is because the authors inadvertently employed a nonrelativistic Hamiltonian, which by chance induces an error of the same magnitude as the suggested scaling. For the PtSi molecule our results for the correction term due to nuclear volume disagree with experiment by a factor five, and we recommend a reexamination of the experimental data.Chemical Physics 01/2011; 401:103112. · 1.96 Impact Factor  [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: In order to guide the experimental search for parity violation in molecular systems, in part motivated by the possible link to biomolecular homochirality, we present a detailed analysis in a relativistic framework of the mechanism behind the tiny energy difference between enantiomers induced by the weak force. A decomposition of the molecular expectation value into atomic contributions reveals that the effect can be thought of as arising from a specific mixing of valence s(1/2) and p(1/2) orbitals on a single center induced by a chiral molecular field. The intraatomic nature of the effect is further illustrated by visualization of the electron chirality density and suggests that a simple model for parity violation in molecules may be constructed by combining precalculated atomic quantities with simple bonding models. A 2component relativistic computational procedure is proposed which bridges the relativistic and nonrelativistic approaches to the calculation of parity violation in chiral molecules and allows us to explore the singlecenter theorem in a variational setting.Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics 01/2011; 13(3):86476. · 4.20 Impact Factor  [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: Parity violation (PV) effects in chiral molecules have so far never been experimentally observed. To take up this challenge, a consortium of physicists, chemists, theoreticians, and spectroscopists has been established and aims at measuring PV energy differences between two enantiomers by using highresolution laser spectroscopy. In this article, we present our common strategy to reach this goal, the progress accomplished in the diverse areas, and point out directions for future PV observations. The work of André Collet on bromochlorofluoromethane (1) enantiomers, their synthesis, and their chiral recognition by cryptophanes made feasible the first generation of experiments presented in this article.Chirality 11/2010; 22(10):87084. · 1.72 Impact Factor  [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: We report the synthesis and resolution of a series of new chiral "3 + 1" oxorhenium(V) complexes, designed for highresolution laser spectroscopy experiments probing molecular parityviolation (PV) effects in the Re=O stretching mode frequency. These complexes display a particularly simple chemical structure, with the rhenium atom as the stereogenic center, and show large PV energy differences according to our calculations. They were obtained in the racemic and enantioenriched forms, in the latter case by using either semipreparative chiral HPLC resolution or enantioselective synthesis. The vibrational transition frequency differences between the enantiomeric pairs due to PV have been calculated with two and fourcomponent relativistic Hamiltonians using HartreeFock (HF) and density functional theory (DFT). For three complexes, including one synthesized in enantioenriched form, our HF calculations predict frequency differences above the present resolution limit of 1 Hz. These results confirm the order of magnitude for the calculated HF PV vibrational frequency differences reported earlier for this class of compounds [P. Schwerdtfeger and R. Bast, J. Am. Chem. Soc., 2004, 126, 1652]. However, at the DFT level the PV vibrational frequency differences are in some cases reduced by an order of magnitude, but are still within the sensitivity of 0.01 Hz, which is the anticipated sensitivity in a new proposed experiment. We therefore believe that the present study represents an important step towards the experimental observation of PV in molecular systems, and emphasizes the extreme sensitivity of the PV vibrational frequency difference to the chemical environment around the rhenium center.Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics 08/2010; 12(31):8792803. · 4.20 Impact Factor
Publication Stats
989  Citations  
221.09  Total Impact Points  
Top Journals
Institutions

1998–2014

Paul Sabatier University  Toulouse III
 Laboratoire de Chimie et Physique Quantiques  UMR 5626  LCPQ
Tolosa de Llenguadoc, MidiPyrénées, France


2013

Université de Rennes 1
 Institut des Sciences Chimiques de Rennes (ISCR)  UMR CNRS 6226
Rennes, Brittany, France


2011

University of Toulouse
Tolosa de Llenguadoc, MidiPyrénées, France


2005–2011

French National Centre for Scientific Research
 Institut de Chimie (INC)
Paris, IledeFrance, France 
Ecole normale supérieure de Lyon
Lyons, RhôneAlpes, France


1997–2011

Universitetet i Tromsø
 Department of Chemistry
Tromsø, Troms Fylke, Norway


2010

Université Paris 13 Nord
 LPL Laboratoire de physique des lasers
Villetaneuse, IledeFrance, France 
École nationale supérieure de chimie de Paris
Lutetia Parisorum, ÎledeFrance, France 
Massey University
 Institute of Fundamental Sciences
Palmerston North City, ManawatuWanganui, New Zealand


2008–2010

Linköping University
 Department of Physics, Chemistry and Biology (IFM)
Linköping, OEstergoetland, Sweden 
Chukyo University
Koromo, Aichi, Japan


2002–2010

University of Strasbourg
 Institut de Chimie de Strasbourg
Strasburg, Alsace, France


1993–2005

University of Oslo
 Department of Chemistry
Oslo, Oslo, Norway


2000

University of Southern Denmark
 Department of Physics, Chemistry and Pharmacy
Kolding, South Denmark, Denmark


1997–1999

Odense University Hospital
Odense, South Denmark, Denmark
