B Shpitz

Meir Medical Center, Kafr Saba, Central District, Israel

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Publications (69)177.57 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: Peritoneal dialysis (PD) is one of the established methods for the management of patients with end-stage renal failure. Laparoscopy has been used to assist in the insertion of new catheters as well as for the salvage of malfunctioning peritoneal dialysis catheters (PDC). The purpose of this retrospective study was to review our experience in the utilization of laparoscopy for the management of PDC. We reviewed the charts of all consecutive patients who had undergone either a ap-assisted insertion of a PDC utilizing a modified peritoneoscopic Y-TEC [Medigroup, Inc, Oswego, Ill) technique (YT) under direct laparoscopic vision or laparoscopic-assisted procedures for the salvage of a malfunctioning PD catheter. Twenty nine patients had undergone 43 procedures that included the insertion of a new PD catheter using the modified YT technique, YT with simultaneous adhesiolysis and omentectomy; YT with repair of an epigastric hernia, omentectomy, adhesiolysis and repositioning of PDC; and ravage and repositioning of the obstructed PD catheter in all patients who needed repositioning of the catheter, the PDC was fixed with an intraperitoneal suture to the lower anterior abdominal wall. Postoperatively, malfunction of the catheter was found in one patient due to reclotting of PDC caused by oozing as a result of extensive adhesiolysis. One patient needed emergent laparotomy due to small bowel perforation that was missed during a difficult laparoscopic adhesiolysis. Laparoscopic surgery may be helpfuL for the diagnosis and the management of a malfunctioning PDC. A modified YT technique is safe and may be one of the alternative methods for the placement of a PDC.
    Harefuah 02/2011; 150(2):84-6, 209, 208.
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    ABSTRACT: The study was conducted to investigate the differences in clinical-pathological, ethnic, and demographic presentations and the expression of mismatch repair proteins in a cohort of young-onset (</=50 years) versus late-onset Israeli patients (>50 years) with colorectal cancer. Clinical, demographic, and histopathological data of patients with colorectal cancer were collected retrospectively from medical records and pathology reports. Ninety patients, 50 years of age or younger with a mean age of 42 years were compared with a group of 190 patients above 50 years of 50 (see Table 1). Sixty percent of the young-onset patients were females, compared to 40% in the older age group (P = 0.02). Twenty-one percent of the young-onset patients were Arabs as compared to 2% of older-onset patients (P = 0.001). Younger patients displayed a higher percentage of mucinous cancers and a higher percentage of diagnosis at an advanced stage of disease; 40% of young-onset versus 31% of older-onset patients presented Duke's stages C and D (P = 0.02). Younger age of onset colorectal cancer in our cohort of Israeli patients is associated with higher percentage of Arab patients, mucinous cancers, female gender, and advanced stage at diagnosis.
    Techniques in Coloproctology 07/2009; 13(3):201-4. · 1.54 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Benign colonic polyps not amenable to colonoscopic resection or those containing carcinoma require surgical excision. Traditionally, formal colectomy with clearance of the lymphatic basin has been performed. The aim of this study was to review our experience with the laparoscopic approach for retrieval of colonic polyps with specific emphasis on safety, feasibility, and tumor localization. Retrospective chart review of all patients who underwent laparoscopic colectomy for colonic polyps was performed. Initial colonoscopic biopsies were compared with the postoperative pathology report of the resected specimen. Forty-nine patients (22 males, 27 males, mean age 66 years) underwent laparoscopic colectomy for colonic polyps. Indications for surgery were presumably benign polyps in 38 patients, and superficial carcinoma in a polyp, diagnosed by colonoscopy, in 11; twenty-three patients underwent preoperative localization procedures. In 19% of patients who did not have preoperative localization, difficulties locating the polyp were encountered during surgery, requiring intraoperative endoscopy or conversion to laparotomy. In 7 of the 38 patients with presumably benign lesion, colon cancer was diagnosed in the colectomy specimen. None of the 18 patients who had cancerous lesions had any positive lymph nodes. Laparoscopic surgery for the treatment of colonic polyps seems to be feasible and safe, with a low complication rate. Tumor localization is crucial for adequate resection. Although one-fifth of presumably benign polyps harbored cancer, none of these patients had positive lymph nodes. These preliminary results may question the need for radical lymph node clearance in these patients.
    Surgical Endoscopy 01/2009; 23(3):629-32. · 3.43 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The objective of this study was to determine whether there is a correlation between the length of the sigmoid colon removed and the number of harvested lymph nodes (LNs). Pathology charts of 137 sigmoid resections that were done over a 5-year period were reviewed. The length of removed sigmoid specimen reported in the pathology reports was correlated with the number of LNs retrieved from the specimen. The mean and median numbers of retrieved LNs were 9 and 10, respectively. There was an increase in the number of retrieved LNs with increasing length of resected sigmoid colon. For Dukes' B patients, the average length of the resected specimen was 15.1 cm for those with < 12 LNs and 20.3 cm for those with > 12 LNs (P = 0.01). Our data suggest that the surgeon may play an important role in determining the extent of LN harvesting during large bowel resection for cancer.
    International surgery 01/2007; 92(3):155-60. · 0.31 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Ten cases of desmoid tumor, diagnosed, treated, and followed during the past 11 years, were reviewed and the patients reexamined. Two were up to 3 years, two up to 5 years, and four up to 11 years after excision. The remaining two patients were lost to follow-up. The 10 patients included one male and nine females; six females were of childbearing age and three were postmenopausal. In four females the desmoid tumor was located near various surgical scars. In the one recurrent desmoid it was most probably related to both repeated traumatization of the abdominal wall due to pregnancies and hyperestrogenism. All the surgical margins of resection were microscopically involved by the process. An open liver biopsy, performed simultaneously with the excision of the recurrent desmoid, showed benign nodular hyperplasia compatible with hyperestrogenism. Estrogen and progesterone receptors of this desmoid were negative. In this present series follow-up revealed, in contrast to general agreement, that in spite of incomplete excision, the recurrence rate was low. We suggest that the surgical approach to desmoid tumors could be less radical, except possibly for lesions in patients with multiple causative factors.
    Journal of Surgical Oncology 07/2006; 28(1):67 - 71. · 2.64 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Colorectal cancer (CRC) incidence in the Israeli population is higher in the Jewish population than among Arabs. To determine the differences in demographic, clinical, histopathological and molecular characteristics of CRC between these two ethnic groups, 125 Arab patients treated at 3 community hospitals over a 20-year period were compared to a group of 208 consecutive Jewish patients. The mutator (replication error-positive [RER]) phenotype was detected by immunohistochemical evaluation of hMLH1 and hMSH2 protein expression in tumor tissue. The Arab patients were younger than the Jewish patients with a higher percentage of poorly-differentiated and mucinous cancers and a higher percentage of advanced stage cancers (Dukes' C+D) at presentation. The mutator phenotype was detected at similar rates in both ethnic groups. Our study demonstrated that CRC patients from two major ethnic populations in Israel, Arabs and Jews, differed in terms of the prevalence of the disease, pathological features and age at presentation, but not in frequency of mismatch-repair-positive cancers.
    Anticancer research 01/2006; 26(1B):533-7. · 1.71 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The approach to perioperative antibiotic prophylaxis, bowel preparation, and postoperative routines in elective colorectal resections has changed over the last two decades. The aim of this national survey was to document the current methods of perioperative management of those patients scheduled for elective colorectal resections in surgical departments in Israel. A mail and telephone survey of surgical departments was conducted in 2001 in order to evaluate the routines of perioperative management of elective colorectal resections. Re-evaluation was performed in 2004. In 2001, all but one of the responders used low-residue diet preoperatively and combined oral and parenteral antibiotic prophylaxis. Polyethylene glycol or sodium phosphate bowel preparation was used by 69% of the responders. The most common oral regimens were a combination of neomycin plus metronidazole (43.5%) or neomycin plus erythromycin (47.8%). The most common parenteral regimens used were gentamicin plus metronidazole or gentamicin plus metronidazole plus ampicillin (56.5% and 17% of the responders, respectively). Cephalosporins alone or in combination were used in three departments. In 17 departments (74%), parenteral prophylactic antibiotics were continued for 24 h or longer (up to 72 h). All but one of the departments left a nasogastric tube for 1-5 days after surgery. There were substantial changes over the last three years-that is, less use of preoperative restriction diets, shorter duration of perioperative antibiotic coverage, more common use of cephalosporins, switch to sodium dihydrogen and sodium hydrogen phosphate bowel preparation, shorter use of postoperative nasogastric drainage, and faster resumption of peroral fluids. In 2001, the majority of surgical departments in Israel used a conservative approach to perioperative management of patients undergoing elective colorectal resections. Significant changes occurred during the last three years. The perioperative routines used today in most general surgery departments in Israel comply with current recommendations.
    Surgical Infections 02/2005; 6(3):305-12. · 1.87 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Molecular alterations in the mismatch repair system suggest that this mechanism may be important in the evolution of cutaneous melanoma. Our current study evaluated the expression of two mismatch repair proteins, hMLH1 and hMSH2, in dysplastic nevi (DN) and cutaneous melanoma (CM). Immunohistochemical staining of these proteins was performed on 55 CM and 30 DN specimens. The staining results were divided into three groups: negative, partially positive and strongly positive. Normal adjacent skin cells served as an internal control for positive immunostaining. Altered immunoreactivity of one of the proteins was found in four (13.4%) DN and seven (12.7%) CM. Lack of staining for hMLH1 was observed in two (6.7%) cases of DN and five (9.1%) cases of CM; staining for hMSH2 was absent in two (6.7%) of the DN and two (3.6%) of the CM specimens. Partially positive staining was found in 33.3% and 53.3% for hMLH1 and hMSH2, respectively, in DN, and in 54.5% and 69.1%, respectively, in CMM. Our study shows that complete or partial loss of MMR protein expression occurs in a subset of both DN and CM and may represent a distinct pathway in the development of some DN and CM.
    The International journal of biological markers 01/2005; 20(1):65-8. · 1.59 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Peritoneal tears (PTs) are not uncommon during the course of laparoscopic total extraperitoneal (LTEP) repair of groin hernias. Most endoscopic surgeons advocate routine closure of these tears. Our approach is not to perform routine closure of PTs. The aim of this study was to evaluate the possible effect of our approach on the intra- and postoperative course of patients in whom PTs were left opened. Prospective data were collected for LTEP repairs of 298 hernias performed in 166 consecutive patients. There were 134 primary and 34 recurrent hernias. In 23% of patients, unilateral or bilateral PTs were observed during the course of operation. Of these, the prevalence of tears was 21.8% for primary repair and 41% for recurrent repair. In 40 patients with PTs, the procedure was accomplished successfully laparoscopically. The early postoperative course was uncomplicated in all patients. Results of outpatient follow-up with a mean observation time of 16 months (range, 2-30) did not reveal any complications that could be attributed to PTs. These data demonstrate that PTs do not have to be routinely closed and the majority of cases may be safely managed without peritoneal closure. We have not observed any intra- or postoperative complications that could be attributed to peritoneal tears.
    Surgical Endoscopy 01/2005; 18(12):1771-3. · 3.43 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Minimally invasive laparoscopic total extraperitoneal (LTEP) repair of bilateral and/or recurrent groin hernias has been popularized as one of the procedures of choice in the past decade. The early postoperative course is uneventful in most cases. A few patients, however, will develop temporary postoperative groin swelling. The aim of our study was to evaluate clinical and sonographic findings in the groin during the early postoperative period following LTEP. One hundred and five consecutive patients with primary bilateral (n = 90), recurrent unilateral (n = 12), and primary unilateral (n =3) groin hernias operated on during an 18-month period underwent clinical and sonographic examination two to three weeks after LTEP. On clinical examination, a localized groin swelling was found in 21 patients (20%). The most frequent sonographic findings were localized groin collections compatible with seroma or hematoma, found in 35 patients (33%). Hypoechoic diffuse tissue swelling around the mesh, lipomas, and residual hernias was found in four patients each (4%). None of the patients with hypoecoic mass had any clinical manifestations postoperatively. Extraperitoneal close suction drains were left for 8-12 hours in 46 patients. The average volume of fluid drained was 62 mL (range, 30-200 mL). There was no correlation between the use of suction drains and the frequency of fluid collections detected on sonography. Cord lipoma was detected postoperatively in four patients and was excised in one using an open anterior approach. Residual or recurrent hernia was detected postoperatively on sonography in four patients, but only one developed a symptomatic and clinically detectable hernia during eight months of follow-up. Overall, postoperative ultrasonographic findings following LTEP repair were found in 37% of patients. Clinical and sonographic findings such as localized fluid collections compatible with seroma or hematoma are common following LTEP. Postoperative suction drains did not reduce the frequency of sonographically detected collections. The clinical relevance of suspected postoperative hernia detected on sonography without clinical manifestations remains uncertain, and has to be determined on long-term follow-up.
    Journal of Laparoendoscopic & Advanced Surgical Techniques 01/2005; 14(6):353-7. · 1.07 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: and aims: Aspirin and other non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs have been shown to reduce the risk of colorectal cancer (CRC). Animal models have shown that aspirin is also effective in reducing the density of aberrant crypt foci (ACF). The aim of the study was to evaluate the effect of chronic administration of aspirin on the distribution pattern and histological characteristics of ACF in patients with CRC. Our study compared the distribution patterns and histomorphological characteristics of ACF between a group of CRC patients treated with low dose aspirin (n=59) and a control group without aspirin (n=135). ACF were visualised on methylene blue stained macroscopically normal mucosa, microdissected, and serially cut. ACF were found in 75.8% of mucosal samples from the control group and in 36% of mucosal samples from the aspirin treated group, indicating a 47% decline in prevalence of ACF in colonic samples of patients treated with aspirin. A significant reduction from 92.5% to 40% (p<0.0001) was found in distal large bowel samples containing one or more ACF. Similarly, the aspirin treated group showed a reduction in ACF density of 64% and 82%, respectively, in both proximal and distal parts of the colon, indicating a significant reduction in ACF/cm(2) in distal colon samples (p<0.01). The aspirin treated group displayed a 52% reduction in dysplastic ACF although this difference was not statistically significant. Our study has provided evidence of the effective chemopreventive action of low dose aspirin on ACF in humans.
    Gut 11/2003; 52(11):1598-601. · 10.73 Impact Factor
  • B Shpitz, E Klein
    Surgical Endoscopy 10/2003; 17(9):1503-4; author reply 1505. · 3.43 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Angiogenesis is activated in numerous physiological and pathological conditions. We examined whether new vessel formation exists in the earliest stages of colonic tumorigenesis. Microvascular density (MVD) was examined in 176 formalin-fixed and paraffin-embedded aberrant crypt foci (ACF) dissected from macroscopically-normal mucosa obtained from patients with colorectal cancer. ACF were classified as non-hyperplastic, non-dysplastic (NH-ACF, n = 80), hyperplastic (H-ACF, n = 72) and dysplastic (D-ACF, n = 24). Mucosal strips were stained with methylene blue solution and screened under x 40 magnification for ACF. The identified ACF were microdissected and stained with an anti-CD-34 monoclonal antibody. MVD in ACF were compared to that of normal corresponding mucosa. The mean MVD for normal mucosa and ACF were 13.7 +/- 7.7 and 23 +/- 13, respectively. Microvessel counts increased in NH-ACF versus normal mucosa (18.7 +/- 10 vs. 13.7 +/- 7.7, p = 0.05), in H-ACF versus NH-ACF (24.8 +/- 14 vs. 18.7 +/- 10, p = 0.002) and in D-ACF versus H-ACF (31.7 +/- 10 vs. 24.8 +/- 14, p = 0.014). We further evaluated the effect of low-dose aspirin on MVD in ACF. No effect of aspirin on microvessel counts could be detected. Our data suggest that angiogenesis occurs in ACF which are the earliest morphologically identifiable preneoplastic and early neoplastic lesions in colonic mucosa. With progression from NH-ACF to D-ACF there is a progressive, statistically significant increase in MVD, suggesting active angiogenesis during the earliest steps of colorectal tumorigenesis.
    Anticancer research 01/2003; 23(6D):5153-7. · 1.71 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The necessity of withdrawal of aspirin [acetylsalicylic acid (ASA)] for fear of perioperative or postoperative bleeding in patients about to undergo surgery is as yet controversial. In this study we prospectively evaluated the effect of ASA on postoperative bleeding in end-stage renal failure patients who underwent insertion, removal, and/or replacement of a peritoneal dialysis (PD) catheter at our institution from November 1999 to March 2001. During the study period 52 of the above procedures were consecutively performed in 46 patients. Patients whose catheters were removed as a result of refractory peritonitis were excluded from the study. In all cases the PD catheter used was the coiled two-cuff Tenckhoff (NIPRO, Manchester, GA) catheter and the surgery was performed in the operating room under local anesthesia. No drains were left in the operating wound. Postoperative bleeding (wound hematoma or persistent oozing from the incision or exit site) was classified as either minor (requiring no professional intervention and/or blood replacement) or major [necessitating blood transfusion (> or = 1 unit red blood cells). Of the 52 procedures 29 (in 24 patients) were performed while the patient was receiving aspirin at the time of operation (aspirin group). The remaining 23 were without aspirin and constituted the control group. ASA dose was 100 mg/day in all but three who were on buffered ASA (325 mg/day). The groups were well matched with regard to age; sex; mean residual renal function; and preoperative international normalized ratio, activated partial thromboplastin time, and platelet count. In no case was there significant intraoperative bleeding. There were five (17.2%) and three (13.0%) minor bleeds in the aspirin group and control group, respectively. One major bleed occurred in the control group ending in an exploratory laparotomy. Of the nine bleeding complications six were observed after catheter removal. From these data we conclude that PD catheter insertion/removal can be safely performed under conventional low-dose aspirin therapy.
    The American surgeon 10/2002; 68(9):762-4. · 0.92 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Phyllodes tumor (PT) is a biphasic tumor with unpredictable behavior. Our study aimed to evaluate clinicopathologic factors and biomarkers that may be helpful in predicting the outcome of these tumors. We evaluated immunoreactivity of p53, c-erbB-2, and Ki-67 in 23 PT treated over a 10-year period. The proliferative activity in PT and expression of p53 and c-erbB-2 were correlated with clinicopathologic features of the tumors and patients' outcome. Positive stromal p53 immunoreactivity was found in PT with atypia, infiltrative borders, high cellularity, as well as in PT that displayed higher then average proliferation index, although none of these parameters reached statistical significance. There was a good correlation between proliferative stromal cell activity expressed Ki-67-labeling index and the malignant features of the tumors. Primary tumors that recurred displayed high proliferative activity. Three of four recurrent tumors showed a progression toward higher malignant phenotype with concomitant increase in proliferative stromal cell activity. c-erbB-2-positive tumors had no particular histologic features or association with either p53 positivity or higher proliferative indices. p53 expression tends to be more frequent in PT with higher malignant potential but did not predict recurrence. Incompletely excised tumors that recurred displayed high proliferative activity in their primary tumors. Progression toward more malignant phenotype in the recurrent PT was accompanied with increase in stromal cell proliferative activity, suggesting the presence of biological continuity between benign, borderline, and malignant PT.
    Journal of Surgical Oncology 03/2002; 79(2):86-92. · 2.64 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Background and Objectives Phyllodes tumor (PT) is a biphasic tumor with unpredictable behavior. Our study aimed to evaluate clinicopathologic factors and biomarkers that may be helpful in predicting the outcome of these tumors.Methods We evaluated immunoreactivity of p53, c-erbB-2, and Ki-67 in 23 PT treated over a 10-year period. The proliferative activity in PT and expression of p53 and c-erbB-2 were correlated with clinicopathologic features of the tumors and patients' outcome.ResultsPositive stromal p53 immunoreactivity was found in PT with atypia, infiltrative borders, high cellularity, as well as in PT that displayed higher then average proliferation index, although none of these parameters reached statistical significance. There was a good correlation between proliferative stromal cell activity expressed Ki-67–labeling index and the malignant features of the tumors. Primary tumors that recurred displayed high proliferative activity. Three of four recurrent tumors showed a progression toward higher malignant phenotype with concomitant increase in proliferative stromal cell activity. c-erbB-2–positive tumors had no particular histologic features or association with either p53 positivity or higher proliferative indices.Conclusionsp53 expression tends to be more frequent in PT with higher malignant potential but did not predict recurrence. Incompletely excised tumors that recurred displayed high proliferative activity in their primary tumors. Progression toward more malignant phenotype in the recurrent PT was accompanied with increase in stromal cell proliferative activity, suggesting the presence of biological continuity between benign, borderline, and malignant PT. J. Surg. Oncol. 2002;79:86–92. © 2002 Wiley-Liss, Inc.
    Journal of Surgical Oncology 01/2002; 79(2):86-92. · 2.64 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Leiomyosarcomas (LMS) are diverse tumours with different biological behaviour. To evaluate the biological nature of intraabdominal and retroperitoneal leiomyosarcomas we retrospectively examined the immunoreactivity of p53, bcl-2 and proliferative activity expressed as Ki-67-labelling index in 43 tumours. Immunohistochemical staining was performed using a peroxidase-streptavidin method on paraffin-embedded sections using specific anti- p53, anti- bcl-2 and anti Ki-67 monoclonal antibodies. Of 43 tumours, seven were located in the stomach, 11 in the small or large bowel, 12 in the uterus, 11 in the retroperitoneum and two cases in the urinary bladder. Five-year disease-free survival was 46.5%. Twenty-three patients (53.4%) died of the disease. Positive immunoreactivity for p53 and bcl-2 was found in 18 (41.9%) and 26 patients (60.5%), respectively. Positive Ki-67 staining was observed in eight patients (18.6%). Proliferative indices were higher in LMS with high mitotic activity (P=0.004) and high grade (P=0.009). All Ki-67 positive LMS were intermediate or high-grade tumours. Ki-67-labelling index showed inverse relationship to bcl-2 expression. A trend towards higher survival and expression of bcl-2, p53 or Ki-67 was found. Our results demonstrate that p53 and bcl-2 are expressed in a substantial number of intraabdominal and retroperitoneal leiomyosarcomas. In our study, the expression of these biomarkers did not predict patient outcome. Higher Ki-67 labelling indices were found in more biologically aggressive leiomyosarcomas.
    European Journal of Surgical Oncology 04/2001; 27(2):203-8. · 2.61 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: p53, c-erbB-2, and tumor microvascular density have been shown to be potential prognostic tools in female breast cancer. Our objective was to assess the significance of these biomarkers as prognostic factors in infiltrating male breast cancer. A retrospective study of expression of p53, c-erbB-2, and tumor microvascular density was done on a group of 26 male breast cancer patients. Biotin-streptavidin immunohistochemical study with specific anti-p53, anti-c-erbB-2, and anti-CD34 antibodies was carried out on paraffin sections of breast carcinoma. The data of expression of the biomarkers were merged with clinicopathological data such as tumor grade, T class, TNM stage, estrogen receptor status, tumor recurrence, and patient survival. p53 and c-erbB-2 were expressed in 46% and 39% of carcinomas, respectively. No correlation was found between positive immunoreactivity of p53, and tumor grade, size, T class, TNM stage, and survival. Nor was any relation found between tumor size, T class, TNM stage, survival, and c-erbB-2 overexpression. c-erbB-2 overexpression was significantly higher in high grade carcinomas. Estrogen receptor (ER) were positive in 21 out of 26 of tumors (81%). No trends were observed between estrogen receptor status and clinicopathological parameters or survival (data not shown). There was a positive correlation between mean microvascular density (MVD), advanced T class, and survival: higher MVD counts were found in patients with advanced tumors and in those who had tumor relapses or died of metastatic disease. This study suggests that tumor microvascular density may serve as a potential prognostic tool in male breast carcinoma.
    Journal of Surgical Oncology 01/2001; 75(4):252-7. · 2.64 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Ductal carcinoma in situ (DCIS) of the breast, a precursor lesion of invasive breast cancer, is a heterogeneous disease in terms of histomorphologic features and biologic behavior. Our aim was to assess the proliferative activity, expressed as topoisomerase IIalpha (Topo IIalpha) immunoreactivity and c-erbB-2 expression in relation to morphologic features and architectural pattern of DCIS. The study included 26 DCIS, which were reclassified according to the recommendations of Consensus Conference. Topo-IIalpha and c-erbB-2 immunoreactivity were detected on paraffin sections. Topo IIalpha was consistently negative in normal ductal epithelium. Topo IIalpha-labeling index (Topo IIalpha-LI) was 0.7+/-0.6% for grade I, 4.3+/-3.9% for grade II, and 13.4+/-8.9 for grade III lesions (P<.01). For mixed nuclear grade DCIS, Topo IIalpha-LI was 6.8+/-4.8. There was no difference in Topo IIalpha-LI between different architectural patterns in low- and intermediate-grade lesions. In high nuclear grade DCIS, there was a progressive increase in Topo IIalpha-LI from solid toward cribriform and comedo-type DCIS. Positive c-erbB-2 immunoreactivity was found in 46% of DCIS, being highest in DCIS with high nuclear grade (78%) and in lesions with extensive necrosis. Topo IIalpha-LI was significantly higher in c-erbB-2-positive lesions (Topo IIalpha-LI- 12.4+/-8.5) as compared with negative lesions (Topo IIalpha-LI- 3.9+/-4.5, P<. 0001). Overexpression of c-erbB-2 and Topo IIalpha is associated with poorly differentiated lesions. Proliferative activity in individual ducts of DCIS depended primarily on the nuclear grade and was independent of architectural patterns of individual ducts in architecturally heterogeneous lesions.
    Human Pathlogy 11/2000; 31(10):1249-54. · 2.84 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Mutations in BRCA genes are associated with an elevated incidence of colorectal cancer (CRC). While 20% of CRC patients have a familial history of colonic malignancies, in only 5% is the genetic setting understood. Thus, a majority of these patients lack any known genetic marker. Our aim was to explore the relevance of BRCA mutations to serve as such markers in the genetic screening and counseling of CRC patients. 136 consecutive Israeli Jewish patients with sporadic CRC were screened for BRCA "Ashkenazi mutations": 185delAG, 5382insC and 6174delT. Carrier status was evaluated employing PCR, restriction analysis, SSCP and a Pronto BRCA kit. We found one 185delAG and two 6174delT carriers, altogether three Ashkenazi carriers out of 87 Ashkenazi patients tested, 3.5%. No carriers were found among the Arabs and non-Ashkenazi Jews surveyed. Our preliminary results show elevated rates of BRCA "Ashkenazi mutations" in Ashkenazi CRC patients, suggesting their involvement in CRC carcinogenesis. An implementation of a wider study will establish the role of these mutations as genetic markers for CRC.
    Anticancer research 01/2000; 20(1B):559-61. · 1.71 Impact Factor

Publication Stats

779 Citations
177.57 Total Impact Points

Institutions

  • 1983–2011
    • Meir Medical Center
      • Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology
      Kafr Saba, Central District, Israel
  • 1984–2009
    • Tel Aviv University
      • Department of Surgery
      Tel Aviv, Tel Aviv, Israel
  • 1994–1997
    • University of Toronto
      • Department of Surgery
      Toronto, Ontario, Canada
  • 1996
    • Mount Sinai Hospital, Toronto
      • Department of Surgery
      Toronto, Ontario, Canada