P B Geil

Lexington VA Medical Center, Washington, Washington, D.C., United States

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Publications (4)22.28 Total impact

  • P B Geil · J W Anderson
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    ABSTRACT: The nutrient composition of dry beans makes them ideally suited to meet two major dietary recommendations for good health--increased intake of starches and complex carbohydrates and decreased consumption of fat. Dry beans supply protein, complex carbohydrate, fiber and essential vitamins and minerals to the diet, yet are low in fat and sodium and contain no cholesterol. Both protective and therapeutic effects of bean intake have been documented. The antinutritional effects of dry beans, while minor, are of interest to nutrition professionals. Dry beans are an excellent way to increase dietary fiber consumption and most individuals can incorporate beans into their diet without difficulty if they do so gradually. Including dry beans in a health-promoting diet is especially important in meeting the major dietary recommendations to reduce risk for chronic diseases such as coronary heart disease, diabetes mellitus, obesity and cancer.
    Journal of the American College of Nutrition 01/1995; 13(6):549-58. DOI:10.1080/07315724.1994.10718446 · 1.45 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: A primary goal of treatment in obese individuals with NIDDM is weight loss and maintenance. Obesity is a precipitating factor for the development of NIDDM in individuals who are genetically at risk. A variety of weight-loss regimens are available to match the specific needs and lifestyles of individuals. Hypocaloric high-fiber diets have been found to be effective in achieving weight loss, as well as aiding in glycemic and lipid control. Very low calorie diets, administered under medical supervision, are useful for obese NIDDM patients with 18-55 kilograms of weight to lose. Lifestyle education appears to be an important element of any successful weight loss program.
    The Diabetes Educator 10/1992; 18(5):407-10. DOI:10.1177/014572179201800507 · 1.79 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Hypercholesterolemia is a significant risk factor for coronary heart disease, and the hypocholesterolemic effects of psyllium are well established. This placebo-controlled, parallel study compared psyllium with methylcellulose, calcium polycarbophil, and placebo as dietary adjuncts in treating mild to moderate hypercholesterolemia. Of 163 men and women recruited with serum cholesterol levels above 5.17 mmol/L (200 mg/dL), 105 completed 8 weeks of an American Heart Association step I diet and then augmented the diet with one of the fiber supplements for 8 additional weeks. Incremental differences from placebo for low-density lipoprotein cholesterol were -8.8% for psyllium, -3.2% for methylcellulose (not significant), and +8.7% for calcium polycarbophil; and for total cholesterol the differences were -4.3% for psyllium (not significant), -1.4% for methylcellulose (not significant), and +5.9% for calcium polycarbophil. Compliance was 94% to 96%, and only mild gastrointestinal side effects were observed. In managing mild to moderate hypercholesterolemia, methylcellulose and calcium polycarbophil provide little or no additional benefit, while psyllium significantly enhances the American Heart Association diet effects.
    Archives of Internal Medicine 09/1991; 151(8):1597-602. DOI:10.1001/archinte.151.8.1597 · 17.33 Impact Factor
  • J W Anderson · B M Smith · P B Geil
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    ABSTRACT: Persons with diabetes are at increased risk for cardiovascular disease. Maintaining normal lipid levels is, therefore, a key goal in diabetes management. A high-carbohydrate, high-fiber diet provides effective, positive, and safe treatment for diabetes and lowers the associated risk for coronary artery disease.
    Postgraduate Medicine 09/1990; 88(2):157-61, 164, 167-8. · 1.70 Impact Factor