Michael A Tarselli

The Scripps Research Institute, La Jolla, CA, United States

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Publications (9)68.64 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: Management of chronic pain continues to represent an area of great unmet biomedical need. Although opioid analgesics are typically embraced as the mainstay of pharmaceutical interventions in this area, they suffer from substantial liabilities that include addiction and tolerance, as well as depression of breathing, nausea and chronic constipation. Because of their suboptimal therapeutic profile, the search for non-opioid analgesics to replace these well-established therapeutics is an important pursuit. Conolidine is a rare C5-nor stemmadenine natural product recently isolated from the stem bark of Tabernaemontana divaricata (a tropical flowering plant used in traditional Chinese, Ayurvedic and Thai medicine). Although structurally related alkaloids have been described as opioid analgesics, no therapeutically relevant properties of conolidine have previously been reported. Here, we describe the first de novo synthetic pathway to this exceptionally rare C5-nor stemmadenine natural product, the first asymmetric synthesis of any member of this natural product class, and the discovery that (±)-, (+)- and (-)-conolidine are potent and efficacious non-opioid analgesics in an in vivo model of tonic and persistent pain.
    Nature Chemistry 06/2011; 3(6):449-53. · 21.76 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Regio-, diastereo-, and enantioselective coupling reactions between imines and allylic alcohols have been developed. These coupling reactions deliver complex homoallylic amine products through a convergent C-C bond forming process that does not proceed through intermediate allylic organometallic reagents. In general, convergent coupling, by exposure of an allylic alkoxide to a preformed Ti-imine complex, occurs with allylic transposition in a predictable and stereocontrolled manner. While simple diastereoselection in these reactions is high, delivering anti-products with ≥20:1 selectivity, the organometallic transformation described is compatible with a diverse range of functionality and substrates (including aliphatic and aromatic imines, allylic silanes, trisubstituted alkenes, vinyl- and aryl halides, trifluoromethyl groups, thioethers, and aromatic heterocycles). Alkene geometry of the products is a complex function of the allylic alcohol structure and is consistent with a mechanistic proposal based on syn-carbometalation followed by syn-elimination by way of a boat-like transition state geometry. Single asymmetric coupling reactions provide a means to translate the stereochemical information of the allylic alcohol to the homoallylic amine or to control diastereoselection in the coupling reactions of achiral allylic alcohols with chiral imines. Double asymmetric coupling reactions are also described that afford a unique means to control stereoselection in these complex convergent coupling processes. Finally, empirical models are proposed that are consistent with the observed stereochemical course of these coupling reactions en route to chiral homoallylic amines possessing di- or trisubstituted alkenes and anti- or syn- relative stereochemistry at the allylic and homoallylic positions.
    The Journal of Organic Chemistry 11/2010; 75(23):8048-59. · 4.56 Impact Factor
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    Michael A Tarselli, Glenn C Micalizio
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    ABSTRACT: A procedure for the coupling of aliphatic imines with allylic and allenic alkoxides is described. The success of these studies was enabled by a unique reactivity profile of Ti(IV) isopropoxide/n-BuLi compared to well-known Ti(IV) isopropoxide/RMgX systems.
    Organic Letters 10/2009; 11(20):4596-9. · 6.14 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Cationic gold(I) phosphite catalysts activate allenes for epoxide cascade reactions. The system is tolerant of numerous functional groups (sulfones, esters, ethers, sulfonamides) and proceeds at room temperature in dichloromethane. The cyclization pathway is sensitive to the substitution pattern of the epoxide and the backbone structure of the A-ring. It is capable of producing medium-ring ethers, fused 6-5 bicyclic, and linked pyran-furan structures. The resulting cycloisomers are reminiscent of structures found in numerous polyether natural products.
    Organic Letters 08/2009; 11(15):3490-2. · 6.14 Impact Factor
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    Dieter Weber, Michael A Tarselli, Michel R Gagné
    Angewandte Chemie International Edition 07/2009; 48(31):5733-6. · 11.34 Impact Factor
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    Michael A Tarselli, Ann Liu, Michel R Gagné
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    ABSTRACT: The addition of nucleophilic methoxyarenes to allenes proceeds at room temperature in dichloromethane with a catalytic amount of phosphite-gold(I) precatalyst and silver additive. The addition is regioselective for the allene terminus, and generates E-allylation products without the need for prefunctionalization of the synthons as organometallics or allyl bromides. Coordinating heteroaromatics and sterically hindered allenes do not participate in the reaction.
    Tetrahedron 02/2009; 65(9):1785-1789. · 2.80 Impact Factor
  • ChemInform 01/2009; 40(49).
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    Michael A Tarselli, Michel R Gagné
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    ABSTRACT: Gold(I) complexes react with 4-allenyl arenes in an exo fashion to furnish vinyl-substituted benzocycles. Phosphite gold(I) monocations were found to be optimal, and the catalyst was tolerant of ethers, esters, and pyrroles. Reactions proceeded in unpurified solvent at room temperature.
    The Journal of Organic Chemistry 04/2008; 73(6):2439-41. · 4.56 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: ChemInform is a weekly Abstracting Service, delivering concise information at a glance that was extracted from about 200 leading journals. To access a ChemInform Abstract, please click on HTML or PDF.
    Angewandte Chemie International Edition 02/2007; 46(35):6670-3. · 11.34 Impact Factor