[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The widespread use of coronary stents has exposed a growing population to the risk of stent thrombosis, but the importance in terms of risk of ST-segment elevation myocardial infarctions (STEMIs) remains unclear.
We studied five years follow-up data for 2,098 all-comer patients treated with coronary stents in the randomized SORT OUT II trial (mean age 63.6 yrs. 74.8% men). Patients who following stent implantation were readmitted with STEMI were included and each patient was categorized ranging from definite- to ruled-out stent thrombosis according to the Academic Research Consortium definitions. Multivariate logistic regression was performed on selected covariates to assess odds ratios (ORs) for definite stent thrombosis.
85 patients (4.1%), mean age 62.7 years, 77.1% men, were admitted with a total of 96 STEMIs, of whom 60 (62.5%) had definite stent thrombosis. Notably, definite stent thrombosis was more frequent in female than male STEMI patients (81.8% vs. 56.8%, p = 0.09), and in very late STEMIs (p = 0.06). Female sex (OR 3.53 [1.01-12.59]) and clopidogrel (OR 4.43 [1.03-19.01]) was associated with increased for definite stent thrombosis, whereas age, time since stent implantation, use of statins, initial PCI urgency (STEMI [primary PCI], NSTEMI/unstable angina [subacute PCI] or stable angina [elective PCI]), and glucose-lowering agents did not seem to influence risk of stent thrombosis.
In a contemporary cohort of coronary stented patients, stent thrombosis was evident in more than 60% of subsequent STEMIs.
PLoS ONE 11/2014; 9(11):e113399. · 3.53 Impact Factor
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The impact of adherence to the recommended duration of dual antiplatelet therapy after first generation drug-eluting stent implantation is difficult to assess in real-world settings and limited data are available.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The impact of angiographically visible distal embolization (DE) and distal protection occurring during primary percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) on long-term outcome has not been studied in a contemporary ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) cohort. To evaluate the association between DE and long-term outcome in STEMI patients treated with primary PCI with or without distal protection.
European heart journal. Acute cardiovascular care. 07/2014;
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Concerns have emerged regarding a higher risk of stent thrombosis after drug-eluting stent (DES) implantation, especially in the setting of ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI). Therefore, we performed a meta-analysis based on individual patient data to evaluate long-term safety and effectiveness of paclitaxel-eluting stent (PES) as compared to bare metal stents (BMS) in patients undergoing primary percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) for STEMI. We examined all completed randomized trials on PES for STEMI. Individual patient data were obtained from six trials. We performed survival analyses with the use of Cox-regression analysis stratified according to trial. Kaplan-Meier survival curves are presented with event rates reported as estimated probabilities. A subsequent landmark analysis was performed for patients who were event-free at 1-year follow-up in order to define outcome in terms of early (≤1 year) and late (>1 year) events. A total of six trials were finally included in the meta-analysis with 4435 patients, 2875 (64.8 %) assigned to PES and 1560 (35.2 %) to BMS. No significant differences in baseline characteristics were observed between the two groups. However, a significantly higher percentage of patients in the DES group were on dual antiplatelet therapy during 3-year follow-up, as compared to BMS. At long-term follow-up (1,095 [1,090-1,155] days), no significant difference between PES and BMS was observed in mortality (9.2 vs 11.9 %, respectively, HR [95 % CI] = 0.84 [0.67, 1.06], p = 0.15, pheterogeneity = 0.59), reinfarction (8.8 vs 7 %, respectively; HR [95 % CI] = 1.10 [0.84, 1.44], p = 0.51, pheterogeneity = 0.32), stent thrombosis (6.7 vs 4.0 % respectively, HR [95 % CI] = 1.13 [0.82, 1.55], p = 0.45, pheterogeneity = 0.99) and TVR (11.9 vs 20.0 %; HR [95 % CI] = 0.64 [0.54, 0.77], p < 0.0001, pheterogeneity = 0.25). Landmark analysis showed that PES was associated with a significantly higher rate of very late reinfarction (>1 year) (5.6 vs 3.9 %, HR [95 % CI] = 1.61 [1.05-2.47], p = 0.03, pheterogeneity = 0.51], very late ST (2.9 vs 1.1 %, HR [95 % CI] = 1.88 [1.00-3.54], p = 0.05, pheterogeneity = 0.94]. The present pooled patient-level meta-analysis demonstrates that among STEMI patients undergoing primary PCI, PES compared to BMS is associated with a significant reduction in TVR at long-term follow-up. Although there were no differences in cumulative mortality, reinfarction or stent thrombosis, the incidence of very late reinfarction and stent thrombosis was increased with PES.
Journal of Thrombosis and Thrombolysis 06/2014; · 1.99 Impact Factor
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Aims: To investigate the extent and the circumferential distribution of the neointima tissue developed following an Absorb bioresorbable vascular scaffold (BVS) implantation. Methods and results: Twenty-three patients who were treated with the Absorb BVS and had optical coherence tomographic examination after scaffold implantation, at six-month and at two-year follow-up, were included in the current analysis. The lumen and the scaffold borders were detected and the circumferential thickness of the neointima was measured at one degree intervals. The symmetry of the neointima was defined as: minimum/maximum thickness. The lumen area was decreased at six months compared to baseline but it did not change between six-month and two-year follow-up (baseline: 7.49 [6.13-8.00] mm2, six months: 6.31 (4.75-7.06) mm2, two years: 6.01 [4.67-7.11] mm2, p=0.373). However, the mean neointima thickness (six months: 189 [173-229] μm, two years: 258 [222-283] μm, p<0.0001) and the symmetry index of the neointima (six months: 0.06 [0.02-0.09], two years: 0.27 [0.24-0.36], p<0.0001) were increased at two years. Full circumferential coverage of the vessel wall by neointima tissue was seen in 91% of the studied frames at two years. Conclusions: This study demonstrates that after an Absorb BVS implantation neointima tissue develops that covers almost the whole circumference of the vessel wall. In contrast to the metallic stents, the neointima tissue does not compromise the luminal dimensions. Further research is required to evaluate the neointimal characteristics and assess the potential value of the device in passivating high-risk plaques.
EuroIntervention: journal of EuroPCR in collaboration with the Working Group on Interventional Cardiology of the European Society of Cardiology 04/2014; · 3.17 Impact Factor
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Contrast-induced nephropathy (CIN) is a serious condition in patients with ST-segment-elevation myocardial infarction treated with primary percutaneous coronary intervention. We compared the risk of acute CIN and the influence of preventive strategies in patients with ST-segment-elevation myocardial infarction undergoing primary percutaneous coronary intervention.
A total of 720 patients were randomized in the Prevention of Contrast-induced Nephropathy in Patients With ST-Segment Elevation Myocardial Infarction Undergoing Primary Percutaneous Coronary Intervention (CINSTEMI) trial. Patients were randomly assigned in a 1:1:1:1 ratio to receive hydration with sodium chloride together with 1 of 4 prophylactic regimes (1) N-acetylcysteine (NAC), (2) sodium bicarbonate (NaHCO3) infusion, (3) NAC in combination with NaHCO3, or (4) hydration with sodium chloride infusion alone. Patients in cardiogenic shock were excluded. Acute CIN was defined as an increase in serum creatinine concentration >25% from the baseline value within a 3-day period. Overall, CIN occurred in 141 (21.9%) patients. The prevention treatment with NAC, NaHCO3, or the combined NAC and NaHCO3 did not reduce the rate of CIN significantly compared with hydration with intravenous sodium chloride infusion alone (20.1% versus 20.1% versus 20.8% versus 26.5%; P=NS). However, an increase in serum creatinine >25% from the baseline value to 30 day was significantly lower in patients treated with combined NAC and NaHCO3 (18.7% versus 19.1% versus 9.2% versus 21.3%; P=0.033).
Treatment with NAC or NaHCO3 did not reduce the rate of acute CIN significantly. Combined treatment with NAC and NaHCO3 may reduce the risk of renal dysfunction after 30 days.
http://www.clinicaltrials.gov. Unique identifier: NCT01160627.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Several concerns have emerged on the higher risk of in-stent thrombosis after drug-eluting stent (DES) implantation, especially in the setting of STEMI patients. Few data have even been reported in high-risk patients, such as those with anterior MI. Therefore this represents the aim of the current study.
The literature was scanned by formal searches of electronic databases (MEDLINE and CENTRAL). We examined all completed randomized trials of DES for STEMI. The following key words were used for study selection: randomized trial, myocardial infarction, reperfusion, primary angioplasty, stenting, DES, sirolimus-eluting stent (SES), Cypher, paclitaxel-eluting stent (PES), Taxus. No language restrictions were enforced.
Individual patient's data were obtained from 11 out of 13 trials, including a total of 2,782 patients with anterior MI [1,739 or 62.5 % randomized to DES and 1,043 or 37.5 % randomized to bare-metal stent (BMS)]. At long-term follow-up, no significant benefit was observed with DES as compared to BMS in terms of mortality [9.8 vs 10.9 %, HR (95 % CI) = 0.81 (0.61, 1.07), p = 0.13, p heterogeneity = 0.18], reinfarction [8.8 vs 6.4 %, respectively; HR (95 % CI) = 1.14 (0.80, 1.61), p = 0.47, p heterogeneity = 0.82], and stent thrombosis [5.6 vs 5 %, OR (95 % CI) = 0.88 (0.59, 1.30), p = 0.51, p heterogeneity = 0.65], whereas DES was associated with a significant reduction in terms of target-vessel revascularization (TVR) [13.7 vs 23.4 %; OR (95 % CI) = 0.56 (0.46, 0.69), p < 0.0001, p het = 0.81] that was observed at both early (within 1 year) [7 vs 14.7 %, HR (95 % CI) = 0.56 (0.46, 0.69), p < 0.0001, p het = 0.81] and late (>1 year) follow-up [7.2 vs 9 %, HR (95 % CI) = 0.67 (0.47, 0.96), p = 0.03, p het = 0.96].
This study showed that among patients with anterior STEMI undergoing primary angioplasty, SES and PES, as compared to BMS, are associated with a significant reduction in TVR at long-term follow-up. No concerns were found with the use of first-generation DES in terms of mortality.
Clinical Research in Cardiology 04/2014; · 4.17 Impact Factor
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: To investigate the incidence of incomplete stent apposition and to explore the impact of the presence of thrombus and protruding plaque after stent implantation on neointima formation at follow-up in ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) patients with serial optical frequency domain imaging (OFDI) investigations.
In a multi-centre study, 141 patients with ST elevation myocardial infarction <12 h from onset were randomized to either PPCI with thrombectomy (TB) using an Eliminate catheter (TB: n = 71) or without TB (non-TB: n = 70). OFDI after drug-eluting stenting was performed using TERUMO OFDI system. Per protocol, at follow-up 49 patients segments were reimaged. At post-procedure and follow-up, there were no differences in stent and lumen areas between the two groups. At follow-up, per strut-level analysis, percentage of incompletely apposed struts was 0.42 ± 0.94 vs. 0.38 ± 0.77% (P = 0.76), and percentage of covered struts was 92.7 ± 7.2 vs. 94.4 ± 9.2% (P = 0.47) in the TB and non-TB groups, respectively. There was a positive correlation between intra-stent structure (ISS) volume at post-procedure and the neointima volume at 6-month follow-up (Pearson's r = 0.409, P = 0.04). Up to 12 months, there have been two and four patients having target vessel failure in the TB and in the non-TB groups, respectively.
In patients with STEMI, there were no significant differences in OFDI parameters between TB and non-TB groups at both post-procedure and 6-month follow-up. However, ISS volume at post-procedure was positively associated with neointimal volume at 6-month follow-up.
European heart journal cardiovascular Imaging. 03/2014;
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: In head-to-head comparisons of coronary drug-eluting stents, the primary endpoint is traditionally assessed after 9-12 months. However, the optimum timepoint for this assessment remains unclear. In this study, we assessed clinical outcomes at up to 5 years' follow-up in patients who received two different types of drug-eluting stents.
We undertook this multicentre, open-label, randomised superiority trial at five percutaneous coronary intervention centres in Denmark. We randomly allocated 2332 eligible adult patients (≥18 years of age) with an indication for drug-eluting stent implantation to the zotarolimus-eluting Endeavor Sprint stent (Medtronic, Santa Rosa, CA, USA) or the sirolimus-eluting Cypher Select Plus stent (Cordis, Johnson & Johnson, Warren, NJ, USA). Randomisation of participants was achieved by computer-generated block randomisation and a telephone allocation service. The primary endpoint of the SORT OUT III study was a composite of major adverse cardiac events-cardiac death, myocardial infarction, and target vessel revascularisation-at 9 months' follow-up. In this study, endpoints included the occurrence of major adverse cardiac events and definite stent thrombosis at follow-up times of up to 5 years. Analysis was by intention to treat. The trial is registered with ClinicalTrials.gov, number NCT00660478.
We randomly allocated 1162 patients to receive the zotarolimus-eluting stent and 1170 to the sirolimus-eluting stent. At 5-year follow-up, rates of major adverse cardiac events were similar in patients treated with both types of stents (zotarolimus-eluting stents 197/1162 [17·0%] vs sirolimus-eluting stents 182/1170 [15·6%]; odds ratio [OR] 1·10, 95% CI 0·88-1·37; p=0·40). This finding was indicative of the directly contrasting results for rates of major adverse cardiac events at 1-year follow up (zotarolimus 93/1162 [8·0%] vs sirolimus 46/1170 [3·9%]; OR 2·13, 95% CI 1·48-3·07; p<0·0001) compared with those at follow-up between 1 and 5 years (104 [9·0%] vs 136 [11·6%]; OR 0·78, 95% CI 0·59-1·02; p=0·071). At 1-year follow-up, definite stent thrombosis was more frequent after implantation of the zotarolimus-eluting stent (13/1162 [1·1%]) than the sirolimus-eluting stent (4/1170 [0·3%]; OR 3·34, 95% CI 1·08-10·3; p=0·036), whereas the opposite finding was recorded for between 1 and 5 years' follow-up (zotarolimus-eluting stent 1/1162 [0·1%] vs sirolimus-eluting stent 21/1170 [1·8%], OR 0·05, 95% CI 0·01-0·36; p=0·003). 26 of 88 (30%) target lesion revascularisations in the zotarolimus-eluting stent group occurred between 1 and 5 years' follow-up, whereas 54 of 70 (77%) of those in the sirolimus-eluting stent group occurred during this follow-up period.
The superiority of sirolimus-eluting stents compared with zotarolimus-eluting stents at 1-year follow-up was lost after 5 years. The traditional 1-year primary endpoint assessment therefore might be insufficient to predict 5-year clinical outcomes in patients treated with coronary drug-eluting stent implantation.
Cordis and Medtronic.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Aims: To compare in a randomised trial the safety and efficacy of the FemoSeal vascular closure device (VCD) versus manual compression (MC) after femoral access coronary angiography (CAG). Methods and results: In 13 months, 1,014 patients were included and 1,001 patients entered analysis. Median [interquartile range] closure time was 8.0 [6-10] minutes after MC versus 1.0 [1-1] minute (p<0.0001) for the FemoSeal VCD. Bed rest for one hour after the closure procedure was recommended in both groups. The primary endpoint of incidence of large groin haematoma was 6.7% in the MC group vs. 2.2% (p=0.002) in the FemoSeal group. The combined endpoint of 14-day adverse vascular events occurred in 1.0% in the MC group vs. 0.6% in the FemoSeal VCD group (p=0.7). Manual compression (OR 3.3, 95% CI: 1.5-7.2, p=0.002), female gender (OR 2.1, 95% CI: 1.1-3.9, p=0.018), and multiple punctures (OR 10.5, 95% CI: 3.2-34.3, p=0.001) were identified as independent predictors of adverse events and large haematomas. Conclusions: Closure of femoral access after coronary angiography by the FemoSeal vascular closure device was safe, faster, and associated with significantly fewer in-hospital large haematomas as compared to closure by manual compression.
EuroIntervention: journal of EuroPCR in collaboration with the Working Group on Interventional Cardiology of the European Society of Cardiology 02/2014; · 3.17 Impact Factor
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Abstract Objective. Millions of patients were treated with the sirolimus-eluting Cypher™ and the paclitaxel-eluting Taxus™ coronary stents with potential late occurring increase in event rates. Therefore, the long-term outcome follow up is of major clinical interest. Design. In total, 2.098 unselected patients with ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI), non-STEMI, stable or unstable angina pectoris were randomized to receive Cypher™ (n = 1.065) or Taxus™ (n = 1.033) stents and were followed for 5 years. Results. The primary end-point; the composite of cardiac death, myocardial infarction and target vessel revascularization (MACE), occurred in 467 patients (22.3%); Cypher™ n=222 (20.8%), Taxus™ n=245 (23.7%), ns. Definite and probable stent thrombosis occurred in 107 patients (5.1%); Cypher™ n=51 (4.8%), Taxus™ n=56 (5.4%), ns. There were no statistically significant differences in the elements of the primary endpoint or in other secondary endpoints between the two stent groups. After one year, the yearly rates of stent thrombosis and MACE remained constant. Conclusions. During five year follow up, the Cypher™ and the Taxus™ coronary stents had similar clinic outcome with no signs of increasing rates of adverse events over time.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Concerning: Primary percutaneous coronary intervention delay for patients living in a peripheral area in Denmark Dan Med J 2013;60(7):A4661. After publication of our paper, new data regarding transport of the patients from the scene to the PCI centre became known to the authors. According to ambulance GPS-trackers and journals, more patients had contact to a local hospital during their transport to the PCI centre. These data changed the population. Therefore, the authors decided to withdraw the paper.
Danish Medical Journal 01/2014; 61(1):A4784. · 0.61 Impact Factor
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Aims: To assess observations with multimodality imaging of the Absorb bioresorbable everolimus-eluting vascular scaffold performed in two consecutive cohorts of patients who were serially investigated either at 6 and 24 months or at 12 and 36 months. Methods and results: In the ABSORB multicentre single-arm trial, 45 patients (cohort B1) and 56 patients (cohort B2) underwent serial invasive imaging, specifically quantitative coronary angiography (QCA), intravascular ultrasound (IVUS), radiofrequency backscattering (IVUS-VH) and optical coherence tomography (OCT). Between one and three years, late luminal loss remained unchanged (6 months: 0.19 mm, 1 year: 0.27 mm, 2 years: 0.27 mm, 3 years: 0.29 mm) and the in-segment angiographic restenosis rate for the entire cohort B (n=101) at three years was 6%. On IVUS, mean lumen, scaffold, plaque and vessel area showed enlargement up to two years. Mean lumen and scaffold area remained stable between two and three years whereas significant reduction in plaque behind the struts occurred with a trend toward adaptive restrictive remodelling of EEM. Hyperechogenicity of the vessel wall, a surrogate of the bioresorption process, decreased from 23.1% to 10.4% with a reduction of radiofrequency backscattering for dense calcium and necrotic core. At three years, the count of strut cores detected on OCT increased significantly, probably reflecting the dismantling of the scaffold; 98% of struts were covered. In the entire cohort B (n=101), the three-year major adverse cardiac event rate was 10.0% without any scaffold thrombosis. Conclusions: The current investigation demonstrated the dynamics of vessel wall changes after implantation of a bioresorbable scaffold, resulting at three years in stable luminal dimensions, a low restenosis rate and a low clinical major adverse cardiac events rate. Clinical Trial Registration Information: http://www.clinicaltrials.gov/ct2/show/NCT00856856.
EuroIntervention: journal of EuroPCR in collaboration with the Working Group on Interventional Cardiology of the European Society of Cardiology 12/2013; · 3.17 Impact Factor
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: In patients with heart disease, dizziness is primarily associated with syncope or pre-syncope and mandates further investigation to obtain a specific diagnosis, estimation of risk of sudden death and treatment options. After a focused history and physical examination, the cause of the problem may be determined in more than half of the patients. The reflex syncope is by far the most common form and may usually be handled by reassurance of the benign nature of the problem. Patients with syncope caused by brachy- or tachy-arrhythmia or structural or ischaemic heart disease should be referred to a cardiological department for specific diagnosis and treatment.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: OBJECTIVES: The aim of the study was to compare long-term follow-up results of crush versus culotte stent techniques in coronary bifurcation lesions. BACKGROUND: The randomized Nordic Stent Technique Study showed similar 6-month clinical and 8-month angiographic results with the crush and culotte stent techniques of de novo coronary artery bifurcation lesions using sirolimus-eluting stents. Here, we report the 36-month efficacy and safety of the Nordic Stent Technique Study. METHODS: A total of 424 patients with a bifurcation lesion were randomized to stenting of both main vessel and side branch with the crush or the culotte technique and followed for 36 months. Major adverse cardiac events-the composite of cardiac death, myocardial infarction, stent thrombosis, or target vessel revascularization-were the primary endpoint. RESULTS: Follow-up was complete for all patients. At 36 months, the rates of the primary endpoint were 20.6% versus 16.7% (p = 0.32), index lesion restenosis 11.5% versus 6.5% (p = 0
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Aims: To assess the procedural feasibility and early safety of hybrid coronary revascularisation, combining off-pump left internal mammary artery grafting to the left descending coronary artery (LAD) through an inferior J-hemisternotomy (JOPCAB) with percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) of non-LAD lesions. Methods and results: A total of 100 patients with multivessel coronary artery disease involving LAD were included in this prospective registry. Hybrid revascularisation was performed by JOPCAB, either prior to PCI (89%) or following PCI (11%). In 96% of the cases, the procedure was carried out according to the preoperative strategy and without perioperative (24 hours) major adverse cardiac or cerebral events. At one month, we observed no deaths, one stroke and two procedure-related myocardial infarctions. Five patients underwent reoperation for graft dysfunction, four of whom were identified by angiography without prior signs of ischaemia. Reoperation due to bleeding was necessary in six patients, and nine patients received red blood cell transfusion. Conclusions: Our prospective registry documented promising procedural feasibility and early safety of coronary hybrid revascularisation combining JOPCAB with PCI. ClinicalTrials Gov Identifier: NCT01496664.
EuroIntervention: journal of EuroPCR in collaboration with the Working Group on Interventional Cardiology of the European Society of Cardiology 10/2013; · 3.17 Impact Factor
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: This study sought to demonstrate the 5-year clinical and functional multislice computed tomography angiographic results after implantation of the fully resorbable everolimus-eluting scaffold (Absorb BVS, Abbott Vascular, Santa Clara, California).
Multimodality imaging of the first-in-humans trial using a ABSORB BVS scaffold demonstrated at 2 years the bioresorption of the device while preventing restenosis. However, the long-term safety and efficacy of this therapy remain to be documented.
In the ABSORB cohort A trial (ABSORB Clinical Investigation, Cohort A [ABSORB A] Everolimus-Eluting Coronary Stent System Clinical Investigation), 30 patients with a single de novo coronary artery lesion were treated with the fully resorbable everolimus-eluting Absorb scaffold at 4 centers. As an optional investigation in 3 of the 4 centers, the patients underwent multislice computed tomography (MSCT) angiography at 18 months and 5 years. Acquired MSCT data were analyzed at an independent core laboratory (Cardialysis, Rotterdam, the Netherlands) for quantitative analysis of lumen dimensions and was further processed for calculation of fractional flow reserve (FFR) at another independent core laboratory (Heart Flow, Redwood City, California).
Five-year clinical follow-up is available for 29 patients. One patient withdrew consent after 6 months, but the vital status of this patient remains available. At 46 days, 1 patient experienced a single episode of chest pain and underwent a target lesion revascularization with a slight troponin increase after the procedure. At 5 years, the ischemia-driven major adverse cardiac event rate of 3.4% remained unchanged. Clopidogrel was discontinued in all but 1 patient. Scaffold thrombosis was not observed in any patient. Two noncardiac deaths were reported, 1 caused by duodenal perforation and the other from Hodgkin's disease. At 5 years, 18 patients underwent MSCT angiography. All scaffolds were patent, with a median minimal lumen area of 3.25 mm(2) (interquartile range: 2.20 to 4.30). Noninvasive FFR analysis was feasible in 13 of 18 scans, which yielded a median distal FFR of 0.86 (interquartile range: 0.82 to 0.94).
The low event rate at 5 years suggests sustained safety after the implantation of a fully bioresorbable Absorb everolimus-eluting scaffold. Noninvasive assessment of the coronary artery with an option of functional assessment could be an alternative to invasive imaging after treatment of coronary narrowing with such a polymeric bioresorbable scaffold. (ABSORB Clinical Investigation, Cohort A [ABSORB A] Everolimus-Eluting Coronary Stent System Clinical Investigation [ABSORB]; NCT00300131).