Karin Jirström

Lund University, Lund, Skåne, Sweden

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Publications (170)840.52 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: Triple negative (TN) breast cancers make up some 15% of all breast cancers. Approximately 10-15% are mutant for the tumor suppressor, BRCA1. BRCA1 is required for homologous recombination-mediated DNA repair and deficiency results in genomic instability. BRCA1-mutated tumors have a specific pattern of genomic copy number aberrations that can be used to classify tumors as BRCA1-like or non-BRCA1-like. BRCA1 mutation, promoter methylation, BRCA1-like status and genome-wide expression data was determined for 112 TN breast cancer samples with long-term follow-up. Mutation status for 21 known DNA repair genes and PIK3CA was assessed. Gene expression and mutation frequency in BRCA1-like and non-BRCA1-like tumors were compared. Multivariate survival analysis was performed using the Cox proportional hazards model. BRCA1 germline mutation was identified in 10% of patients and 15% of tumors were BRCA1 promoter methylated. Fifty-five percent of tumors classified as BRCA1-like. The functions of genes significantly up-regulated in BRCA1-like tumors included cell cycle and DNA recombination and repair. TP53 was found to be frequently mutated in BRCA1-like (P < 0.05), while PIK3CA was frequently mutated in non-BRCA1-like tumors (P < 0.05). A significant association with worse prognosis was evident for patients with BRCA1-like tumors (adjusted HR = 3.32, 95% CI = 1.30-8.48, P = 0.01). TN tumors can be further divided into two major subgroups, BRCA1-like and non-BRCA1-like with different mutation and expression patterns and prognoses. Based on these molecular patterns, subgroups may be more sensitive to specific targeted agents such as PI3K or PARP inhibitors. Copyright © 2015 The Authors. Published by Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
    Molecular oncology 05/2015; 41. DOI:10.1016/j.molonc.2015.04.011 · 5.94 Impact Factor
  • Cancer Research 05/2015; 75(9 Supplement):P4-11-17-P4-11-17. DOI:10.1158/1538-7445.SABCS14-P4-11-17 · 9.28 Impact Factor
  • Cancer Research 05/2015; 75(9 Supplement):P6-13-03-P6-13-03. DOI:10.1158/1538-7445.SABCS14-P6-13-03 · 9.28 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: B-cell leukemia 3 (Bcl-3) is a member of the inhibitor of κB family, which regulates a wide range of biological processes by functioning as a transcriptional activator or as a repressor of target genes. Elevated expression, sustained nuclear accumulation, and uncontrolled activation of Bcl-3 causes increased cellular proliferation or survival, dependent on the tissue and type of stimuli. We retrospectively reviewed patients who were diagnosed with colorectal cancer at Skåne University Hospital in Malmö between 1st of January 1990 and 31st of December 1991. Bcl-3 localization in colorectal cancer was assessed by immunohistochemistry on tissue microarray and freshly isolated colon from patients. Correlation between Bcl-3 localization and clinicopathological parameters of the cohort were evaluated using the Spearman rank-order correlation coefficient. In addition, Bcl-3 expression and localization in colon adenocarcinoma cells were analysed by western blot, immunohistochemistry and subcellular fractionation separately. We found that Bcl-3 was mainly localized in the cytoplasm in the tumour tissue isolated from colon cancer patients. Normal colon samples from the same patients showed Bcl-3 localization in the nucleus. In three out of six colon cancer cell lines, we detected elevated levels of Bcl-3. In these cell lines Bcl-3 was accumulated in the cytosol. We confirmed these findings by analysing Bcl-3 localization in a colon tissue micro array consisting of 270 cases. In these samples Bcl-3 localization correlated with the proliferation marker Ki-67, but not with the apoptotic marker Caspase 3. These findings indicate that analysis of the subcellular localization of Bcl-3 could be a potential-early diagnostic marker in colon cancer.
    BMC Cancer 05/2015; 15(1):341. DOI:10.1186/s12885-015-1342-6 · 3.32 Impact Factor
  • Cancer Research 05/2015; 75(9 Supplement):P4-11-18-P4-11-18. DOI:10.1158/1538-7445.SABCS14-P4-11-18 · 9.28 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: FK506-binding protein-like (FKBPL) has established roles as an anti-tumor protein, with a therapeutic peptide based on this protein, ALM201, shortly entering phase I/II clinical trials. Here, we evaluated FKBPL's prognostic ability in primary breast cancer tissue, represented on tissue microarrays (TMA) from 3277 women recruited into five independent retrospective studies, using immunohistochemistry (IHC). In a meta-analysis, FKBPL levels were a significant predictor of BCSS; low FKBPL levels indicated poorer breast cancer specific survival (BCSS) (hazard ratio (HR) = 1.30, 95% confidence interval (CI) 1.14-1.49, p < 0.001). The prognostic impact of FKBPL remained significant after adjusting for other known prognostic factors (HR = 1.25, 95% CI 1.07-1.45, p = 0.004). For the sub-groups of 2365 estrogen receptor (ER) positive patients and 1649 tamoxifen treated patients, FKBPL was significantly associated with BCSS (HR = 1.34, 95% CI 1.13-1.58, p < 0.001, and HR = 1.25, 95% CI 1.04-1.49, p = 0.02, respectively). A univariate analysis revealed that FKBPL was also a significant predictor of relapse free interval (RFI) within the ER positive patient group, but it was only borderline significant within the smaller tamoxifen treated patient group (HR = 1.32 95% CI 1.05-1.65, p = 0.02 and HR = 1.23 95% CI 0.99-1.54, p = 0.06, respectively). The data suggests a role for FKBPL as a prognostic factor for BCSS, with the potential to be routinely evaluated within the clinic.
    Oncotarget 04/2015; · 6.63 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Background. The leucine-rich repeats and immunoglobulin-like domains (LRIG) family of transmembrane proteins are involved in the regulation of cellular signal transduction. LRIG1 is an endogenous inhibitor of receptor tyrosine kinases (RTKs) and an emerging tumor suppressor. In the lung epithelium, the expression of LRIG1 is downregulated by tobacco smoking, and further downregulated in lung squamous cell carcinoma. Material and methods. The expression of LRIG proteins were analyzed in 347 cases of non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) by immunohistochemistry, and LRIG1 mRNA expression was evaluated in 807 lung cancer samples in silico in the Oncomine database. Potential associations between the expression data and the clinical parameters, including patient survival, were investigated. Results. Expression of the LRIG1 protein was found to be an independent prognostic factor in NSCLC, whereas expression of LRIG2 or LRIG3 did not correlate with patient survival. The levels of LRIG1 mRNA also correlated with the survival of NSCLC patients. Conclusion. These findings demonstrate that LRIG1 is an independent prognostic factor in patients with NSCLC that could be important in future decision-making algorithms for adjuvant lung cancer treatment.
    Acta oncologica (Stockholm, Sweden) 03/2015; DOI:10.3109/0284186X.2015.1021427 · 3.71 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Melanoma is currently divided on a genetic level according to mutational status. However, this classification does not optimally predict prognosis. In prior studies, we have defined gene expression phenotypes (high-immune, pigmentation, proliferative and normal-like), which are predictive of survival outcome as well as informative of biology. Herein, we employed a population-based metastatic melanoma cohort and external cohorts to determine the prognostic and predictive significance of the gene expression phenotypes. We performed expression profiling on 214 cutaneous melanoma tumors and found an increased risk of developing distant metastases in the pigmentation (HR, 1.9; 95% CI, 1.05-3.28; P=0.03) and proliferative (HR, 2.8; 95% CI, 1.43-5.57; P=0.003) groups as compared to the high-immune response group. Further genetic characterization of melanomas using targeted deep-sequencing revealed similar mutational patterns across these phenotypes. We also used publicly available expression profiling data from melanoma patients treated with targeted or vaccine therapy in order to determine if our signatures predicted therapeutic response. In patients receiving targeted therapy, melanomas resistant to targeted therapy were enriched in the MITF-low proliferative subtype as compared to pre-treatment biopsies (P=0.02). In summary, the melanoma gene expression phenotypes are highly predictive of survival outcome and can further help to discriminate patients responding to targeted therapy.
    Oncotarget 03/2015; · 6.63 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The microphthalmia-associated transcription factor (MITF) is a key regulator of melanocyte development and a lineage-specific oncogene in melanoma; a highly lethal cancer known for its unpredictable clinical course. MITF is regulated by multiple intracellular signaling pathways although the exact mechanisms that determine MITF expression and activity remain incompletely understood. In this study, we obtained genome-wide DNA methylation profiles from 50 stage IV melanomas, normal melanocytes, keratinocytes and dermal fibroblasts, and utilized The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA) data for experimental validation. By integrating DNA methylation and gene expression data we found that hypermethylation of MITF and its co-regulated differentiation pathway genes, corresponded to decreased gene expression levels. In cell lines with a hypermethylated MITF-pathway, over-expression of MITF did not alter the expression level or methylation status of the MITF pathway genes. In contrast however, demethylation treatment of these cell lines induced MITF-pathway activity, confirming that gene-regulation was controlled via methylation. The discovery that the activity of the master regulator of pigmentation, MITF, and its downstream targets may be regulated by hypermethylation has significant implications for understanding the development and evolvement of melanoma.Journal of Investigative Dermatology accepted article preview online, 23 February 2015. doi:10.1038/jid.2015.61.
    Journal of Investigative Dermatology 02/2015; DOI:10.1038/jid.2015.61 · 6.37 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Tumor cells often evade killing by the complement system by overexpressing membrane-bound complement inhibitors. However, production of soluble complement inhibitors in cells other than hepatocytes was rarely reported. We screened several breast cancer cell lines for expression of soluble complement inhibitor, complement factor I (FI). We also analyzed local production of FI in tissue microarrays with tumors from 130 breast cancer patients by in situ hybridization and immunohistochemistry. We found expression of FI in breast adenocarcinoma cell line MDA-MB-468 and confirmed its functional activity. Expression of FI at mRNA and protein levels was also confirmed in tumor cells and tumor stroma, both in fibroblasts and infiltrating immune cells. Multivariate Cox regression analyses revealed that high expression of FI protein in tumor cells was correlated with significantly shorter cancer-specific survival (HR 2.8; 95 % CI 1.0-7.5; p = 0.048) and recurrence-free survival (HR 3.4; 95 % CI 1.5-7.4; p = 0.002). High FI expression was positively correlated with tumor size (p < 0.001), and Nottingham histological grade (p = 0.015) and associated with estrogen and progesterone receptor status (p = 0.03 and p = 0.009, respectively). Our data show that FI is expressed in breast cancer and is associated with unfavorable clinical outcome.
    Cancer Immunology and Immunotherapy 01/2015; 64(4). DOI:10.1007/s00262-015-1658-8 · 3.94 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Cancer survivors are advised to follow lifestyle recommendations on diet, physical activity, and body fatness proposed by the World Cancer Research Fund/American Institute of Cancer Research (WCRF/AICR) for cancer prevention. Previous studies have demonstrated that higher concordance with these recommendations measured using an index score (the WCRF/AICR score) was associated with lower cancer incidence and mortality. The aim of this study was to evaluate the association between pre-diagnostic concordance with WCRF/AICR recommendations and mortality in colorectal cancer (CRC) patients. The association between the WCRF/AICR score (score range 0-6 in men and 0-7 in women; higher scores indicate greater concordance) assessed on average 6.4 years before diagnosis and CRC-specific (n = 872) and overall mortality (n = 1,113) was prospectively examined among 3,292 participants diagnosed with CRC in the European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition (EPIC) cohort (mean follow-up time after diagnosis 4.2 years). Multivariable Cox proportional hazard models were used to estimate hazard ratios (HRs) and 95% confidence intervals (CIs) for mortality. The HRs (95% CIs) for CRC-specific mortality among participants in the second (score range in men/women: 2.25-2.75/3.25-3.75), third (3-3.75/4-4.75), and fourth (4-6/5-7) categories of the score were 0.87 (0.72-1.06), 0.74 (0.61-0.90), and 0.70 (0.56-0.89), respectively (P for trend <0.0001), compared to participants with the lowest concordance with the recommendations (category 1 of the score: 0-2/0-3). Similar HRs for overall mortality were observed (P for trend 0.004). Meeting the recommendations on body fatness and plant food consumption were associated with improved survival among CRC cases in mutually adjusted models. Greater concordance with the WCRF/AICR recommendations on diet, physical activity, and body fatness prior to CRC diagnosis is associated with improved survival among CRC patients.
    BMC Medicine 01/2015; 13(1):107. DOI:10.1186/s12916-015-0332-5 · 7.28 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The polymeric immunoglobulin receptor (pIgR) is a key component of the mucosal immune system that mediates epithelial transcytosis of immunoglobulins. High pIgR expression has been reported to correlate with a less aggressive tumour phenotype and an improved prognosis in several human cancer types. Here, we examined the expression and prognostic significance of pIgR in pancreatic and periampullary adenocarcinoma. The study cohort encompasses a consecutive series of 175 patients surgically treated with pancreaticoduodenectomy for pancreatic and periampullary adenocarcinoma in Malmö and Lund University Hospitals, Sweden, between 2001-2011. Tissue microarrays were constructed from primary tumours (n = 175) and paired lymph node metastases (n = 105). A multiplied score was calculated from the fraction and intensity of pIgR staining. Classification and regression tree analysis was used to select the prognostic cut-off. Unadjusted and adjusted hazard ratios (HR) for death and recurrence within 5 years were calculated. pIgR expression could be evaluated in 172/175 (98.3%) primary tumours and in 96/105 (91.4%) lymph node metastases. pIgR expression was significantly down-regulated in lymph node metastases as compared with primary tumours (p = 0.018). Low pIgR expression was significantly associated with poor differentiation grade (p<0.001), perineural growth (p = 0.027), lymphatic invasion (p = 0.016), vascular invasion (p = 0.033) and infiltration of the peripancreatic fat (p = 0.039). In the entire cohort, low pIgR expression was significantly associated with an impaired 5-year survival (HR = 2.99, 95% confidence interval (CI) 1.71-5.25) and early recurrence (HR = 2.89, 95% CI 1.67-4.98). This association remained significant for survival after adjustment for conventional clinicopathological factors, tumour origin and adjuvant treatment (HR = 1.98, 95% CI 1.10-3.57). These results demonstrate, for the first time, that high tumour-specific pIgR expression signifies a more favourable tumour phenotype and that low expression independently predicts a shorter survival in patients with pancreatic and periampullary cancer. The mechanistic basis for the putative tumour suppressing properties of pIgR in these cancers merits further study.
    PLoS ONE 11/2014; 9(11):e112728. DOI:10.1371/journal.pone.0112728 · 3.53 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: CCAAT-enhancer binding protein β (C/EBPβ) is a transcription factor that has a critical role in mammary gland development and breast cancer progression. Loss of C/EBPβ increases metastatic dissemination of mouse mammary tumor cells. However, the mechanism by which C/EBPβ expression affects metastasis formation remains unknown. This study aims at determining the relationship between C/EBPβ and survival of breast cancer patients, and elucidating C/EBPβ's link with metastasis formation. C/EBPβ expression was evaluated in 137 cases of human breast cancer, and the correlation with overall survival was estimated by Kaplan-Meier analysis. Additionally, the mouse 4T1 tumor model was used for in vivo studies. Decreased C/EBPβ expression was found to be associated with shorter overall survival of breast cancer patients. In the murine 4T1 model, loss of C/EBPβ affects tumor growth, morphology and promotes metastatic spread to the lungs. Immunohistochemical analyses showed that C/EBPβ inhibition leads to increased major histocompatibility complex II (MHCII) expression, followed by the accumulation of CD45-, CD3- and CD4-positive (CD4+) lymphocytes in the tumors. Inflammation involvement in C/EBPβ-mediated metastasis formation was confirmed by DNA microarray and by experiments on CD4+ cell-deprived nude mice. Additionally, anti-CD3 and anti-CD4 treatments of C/EBPβ-silenced tumor-bearing mice resulted in reverting the C/EBPβ effect on tumor growth and metastasis. Altogether, C/EBPβ is a predictor of overall survival in breast cancer patients, and affects tumor growth, morphology and lung metastasis formation in murine 4T1 model. The mechanism of metastasis formation involves immunologic response depending on C/EBPβ-mediated activation of MHCII and accumulation of CD4+ lymphocytes in the tumor.
    11/2014; 3:e125. DOI:10.1038/oncsis.2014.38
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    ABSTRACT: Claudins (CLDNs) are central components of tight junctions that regulate epithelial-cell barrier function and polarity. Altered CLDN expression patterns have been demonstrated in numerous cancer types and lineage-specific CLDNs have been proposed as therapy targets. The objective of this study was to assess which fraction of patients with non-small-cell-lung cancer (NSCLC) express CLDN6 and CLDN18 isoform 2 (CLDN18.2). Protein expression of CLDN6 and CLDN18.2 was examined by immunohistochemistry on a tissue microarray (n = 355) and transcript levels were supportively determined based on gene expression microarray data from fresh-frozen NSCLC tissues (n = 196). Both were analyzed with regard to frequency, distribution, and association with clinical parameters. Immunohistochemical analysis of tissue sections revealed distinct membranous positivity of CLDN6 (6.5%) and CLDN18.2 (3.7%) proteins in virtually non-overlapping subgroups of adenocarcinomas and large-cell carcinomas. Pneumocytes and bronchial epithelial cells were consistently negative. Corresponding to the protein expression, in subsets of non-squamous lung carcinoma high mRNA levels of CLDN6 (7-16%) and total CLDN18 (5-12%) were observed. Protein expression correlated well with total mRNA expression of the corresponding gene (rho = 0.4-0.8).CLDN18.2 positive tumors were enriched among slowly proliferating, thyroid transcription factor 1 (TTF-1)-negative adenocarcinomas, suggesting that isoform-specific CLDN expression may delineate a specific subtype. Noteworthy, high CLDN6 protein expression was associated with worse prognosis in lung adenocarcinoma in the univariate (HR: 1.8; p = 0.03) and multivariate COX regression model (HR: 1.9; p = 0.02). These findings encourage further clinical exploration of targeting ectopically activated CLDN expression as a valuable treatment concept in NSCLC. © 2014 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.
    International Journal of Cancer 11/2014; 135(9). DOI:10.1002/ijc.28857 · 5.01 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) is an enzyme that has been extensively investigated as a prognostic marker in cancer. In non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) previous results regarding the prognostic impact of COX-2 expression are inconsistent. Therefore we evaluated the association between transcript levels and overall survival in nine publicly available gene expression data sets (total n = 1337) and determined in situ compartment-specific tumor and stromal cell protein expression in two independent cohorts (n = 616). Gene expression did not show any correlation with clinical parameters or with overall survival. Protein expression in tumor and stromal cells did not correlate with any clinical parameter or with overall survival in one of the analyzed cohorts, while a significant association of high stromal expression with longer survival was observed in both univariate and multivariate analysis in the other cohort. Stromal expression of COX-2 has not been separately evaluated in NSCLC previously and may be a subject of further investigation, whereas the presented findings from this comprehensive compartment specific evaluation clearly reject the hypothesis of COX-2 tumor cell expression having a prognostic value in NSCLC. Copyright © 2014 Elsevier Ireland Ltd. All rights reserved.
    Cancer Letters 10/2014; 356(2). DOI:10.1016/j.canlet.2014.10.032 · 5.02 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Gastric cancer is the second most common cause of cancer-related death worldwide, and the incidence of esophageal adenocarcinoma is rising. While some progress has been made in treatment strategies, overall survival remains very poor for patients with adenocarcinoma in the upper gastrointestinal tract. Special AT-rich sequence binding protein 1 (SATB1) is a global genome organizer that has been demonstrated to promote aggressive tumor behavior in several different types of cancer, including gastric cancer. The prognostic value of SATB1 expression in esophageal cancer has, however, not yet been described. In this study, expression of SATB1 was examined by immunohistochemistry on tissue microarrays prepared from tissue samples from 175 patients with adenocarcinoma of the esophagus, cardia, or stomach and containing normal tissue, intestinal metaplasia, primary tumors, and metastases. A well-validated antibody was used. We found SATB1 to be an independent prognostic factor in patients with a radically resected tumor, correlating with shorter overall survival as well as with shorter recurrence-free survival. SATB1 expression was also found to be significantly lower in primary tumors associated with intestinal metaplasia than those without intestinal metaplasia. This observation is of potential biological interest as it has been proposed that intestinal metaplasia-associated tumors constitute a less aggressive phenotype.
    Archiv für Pathologische Anatomie und Physiologie und für Klinische Medicin 10/2014; DOI:10.1007/s00428-014-1667-6 · 2.56 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Background Pancreatic cancer and other pancreaticobiliary type periampullary adenocarcinomas have a dismal prognosis even after resection and neoadjuvant chemotherapy. Intestinal type periampullary adenocarcinomas generally have a better prognosis, but little is known on optimal neoadjuvant and adjuvant treatment. New prognostic and treatment predictive biomarkers are needed for improved treatment stratification of patients with both types of periampullary adenocarcinoma. Expression of the Special AT-rich sequence-binding protein 1 (SATB1) has been demonstrated to confer a worse prognosis in several tumour types, whereas its close homologue SATB2 is a proposed diagnostic and favourable prognostic marker for colorectal cancer. The prognostic value of SATB1 and SATB2 expression in periampullary adenocarcinoma has not yet been described.Methods Immunohistochemical expression of SATB1 and SATB2 was analysed in tissue microarrays with primary tumours and a subset of paired lymph node metastases from 175 patients operated with pancreaticoduodenectomy for periampullary adenocarcinoma. Kaplan-Meier and Cox regression analysis were applied to explore the impact of SATB1 and SATB2 expression on recurrence free survival (RFS) and overall survival (OS).ResultsPositive expression of SATB1 was denoted in 16/106 primary pancreatobiliary type tumours and 11/65 metastases, and in 15/63 primary intestinal type tumours and 4/26 metastases, respectively. Expression of SATB1 was an independent predictor of a significantly shorter RFS and OS in pancreatobiliary type, but not in intestinal type adenocarcinomas. Moreover, SATB1 expression predicted an improved response to adjuvant chemotherapy in both tumour types. SATB2-expression was seen in 3/107 pancreatobiliary type primary tumours, and in 8/61 intestinal type primary tumours. The small number of cases with positive SATB2 expression did not allow for any firm conclusions on its prognostic value.Conclusions These findings demonstrate the potential utility of SATB1 as a prognostic and predictive biomarker for chemotherapy response in both intestinal type and pancreatobiliary type periampullary adenocarcinomas, including pancreatic cancer.
    Journal of Translational Medicine 10/2014; 12(1):289. DOI:10.1186/s12967-014-0289-8 · 3.99 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Purpose Four randomized studies show that adjuvant radiotherapy (RT) lowers the risk of subsequent ipsilateral breast events (IBEs) after breast-conserving surgery (BCS) for ductal carcinoma in situ (DCIS) by approximately 50% after 10 to 15 years. We present 20 years of follow-up data for the SweDCIS trial. Patients and Methods Between 1987 and 1999 1,046 women were randomly assigned to RT or not after BCS for primary DCIS. Results up to 2005 have been published, and we now add another 7 years of follow-up. All breast cancer events and causes of death were registered. Results There were 129 in situ and 129 invasive IBEs. Absolute risk reduction in the RT arm was 12.0% at 20 years (95% CI, 6.5 to 17.7), with a relative risk reduction of 37.5%. Absolute reduction was 10.0% (95% CI, 6.0 to 14.0) for in situ and 2.0% (95% CI, -3.0 to 7.0) for invasive IBEs. There was a nonstatistically significantly increased number of contralateral events in the RT arm (67 v 48 events; hazard ratio, 1.38; 95% CI, 0.95 to 2.00). Breast cancer-specific death and overall survival were not influenced. Younger women experienced a relatively higher risk of invasive IBE and lower effect of RT. The hazard over time looked different for in situ and invasive IBEs. Conclusion Use of adjuvant RT is supported by 20-year follow-up. Modest protection against invasive recurrences and a possible increase in contralateral cancers still call for a need to find groups of patients for whom RT could be avoided or mastectomy with breast reconstruction is indicated. (C) 2014 by American Society of Clinical Oncology
    Journal of Clinical Oncology 10/2014; 32(32). DOI:10.1200/JCO.2014.56.2595 · 17.88 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Background Reduced membranous expression of the cytoskeleton-associated protein ezrin has previously been demonstrated to correlate with poor prognosis in urothelial bladder cancer in several independent studies. The present study provides a first description of clinicopathological characteristics of incident urothelial cancers, not only located to the bladder, in the prospective, population-based cohort study Malmö Diet and Cancer. In addition, the prognostic value of ezrin expression is validated in primary tumours, and the longitudinal expression of ezrin examined in a subset of primary and recurrent tumours (n¿=¿28).Methods Among a total number of 355 incident tumours registered up until Dec 31 2010, 335 were located to the bladder. Immunohistochemical expression of cytoplasmic and membranous ezrin was evaluated in tissue microarrays with primary tumours from 272 cases and recurrent tumours from 28 cases. A combined score of the minimum, mean and maximum fraction and percentage of staining was calculated. Classification regression tree analysis was applied for selection of prognostic cutoff. Kaplan-Meier analysis, log rank test, univariable and multivariable Cox regression proportional hazards¿ modeling were used to evaluate the impact of ezrin expression on 5-year overall survival (OS).ResultsEzrin expression could be evaluated in 263/272 primary and all 28 recurrent tumours. Membranous but not cytoplasmic ezrin was significantly reduced in recurrent compared to primary tumours (p < 0.001). Low cytoplasmic and membranous ezrin expression were associated with more advanced T-stage (p = 0.004, p < 0.001) and high-grade tumours (p = 0.025, p < 0.001), but not with age, sex, tumour location or smoking status. Both low cytoplasmic and membranous ezrin staining were associated with a significantly reduced 5-year OS (HR = 1.65; 95% CI 1.06-2.57 and HR = 2.51, 95% CI 1.52-4.17), but only low membranous ezrin remained prognostic after adjustment for age, sex, stage, grade and smoking status (HR = 1.69, 95% CI 1.00-2.85).Conclusions This study provides a first description of the clinicopathological characteristics of 355 incident urothelial cancers in the Malmö Diet and Cancer Study up until 2010. In addition, the value of ezrin expression as a prognostic biomarker is further consolidated in this type of cancer.Virtual SlidesThe virtual slide(s) for this article can be found here: http://www.diagnosticpathology.diagnomx.eu/vs/13000_2014_189.
    Diagnostic Pathology 10/2014; 9(1):189. DOI:10.1186/s13000-014-0189-5 · 2.41 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Ulceration of primary melanomas is associated with poor prognosis yet is reported to predict benefit from adjuvant interferon.To better understand the biological processes involved, clinico-pathological factors associated with ulceration were determined in 1804 patients. From this cohort, 348 primary tumor blocks were sampled to generate gene expression data using a 502-gene cancer panel and 195 blocks were used for immunohistochemistry to detect macrophage infiltration and vessel density. Gene expression results were validated using a whole genome array in two independent sample sets.Ulceration of primary melanomas was associated with more proliferative tumors, tumor vessel invasion and increased microvessel density. Infiltration of tumors with greater number of macrophages and gene expression pathways associated with wound healing and up-regulation of pro-inflammatory cytokines suggest that ulceration is associated with tumor related inflammation. The relative benefit from interferon reported in patients with ulcerated tumors may reflect modification of signalling pathways involved in inflammation.Primary melanoma tumor ulceration is associated with poor prognosis yet predicts benefit from adjuvant interferon therapy. There are currently no other confirmed predictive biomarkers for interferon therapy. This integrated study of clinico-pathological factors and gene expression profiles reveals that ulcerated tumors are infiltrated with greater numbers of macrophages and differentially express genes involved in wound healing pathways associated with up-regulation of pro-inflammatory cytokines. This suggests that tumor related inflammation is associated with ulceration. The relative benefit from interferon reported in patients with ulcerated tumors may reflect modification of signalling pathways involved in inflammation.This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.
    Pigment Cell & Melanoma Research 09/2014; 28(1). DOI:10.1111/pcmr.12315 · 5.64 Impact Factor

Publication Stats

3k Citations
840.52 Total Impact Points


  • 2003–2015
    • Lund University
      • • Department of Laboratory Medicine, Lund
      • • Department of Pathology
      • • Center for Molecular Pathology (CMP)
      Lund, Skåne, Sweden
  • 2010–2014
    • Skåne University Hospital
      Malmö, Skåne, Sweden
  • 2011
    • Uppsala University
      • The Rudbeck Laboratory
      Uppsala, Uppsala, Sweden
    • The University of Manchester
      • Paterson Institute for Cancer Research
      Manchester, England, United Kingdom
  • 2008
    • Akademiska Sjukhuset
      Uppsala, Uppsala, Sweden
  • 2005–2008
    • Malmö University
      • Department of Oral Pathology
      Malmö, Skåne, Sweden