Teh-Ying Chou

National Yang Ming University, T’ai-pei, Taipei, Taiwan

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Publications (72)322.76 Total impact

  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: There is no argument over using epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) mutation status to guide the frontline treatment for advanced lung adenocarcinoma (LADC); however, the role of the testing in lung squamous cell carcinoma (LSQC) remains controversial. Currently, the guidelines/consensus statements regarding EGFR mutation testing in LSQC are not consistent among different oncology societies. American Society of Clinical Oncology recommends performing EGFR mutation testing in all patients; European Society for Medical Oncology, College of American Pathologists/International Association for the Study of Lung Cancer/Association for Molecular Pathology, and National Comprehensive Cancer Network suggest for some selected group. EGFR mutation is rarely found in LSQC; however, more importantly, it is not a valid predictive biomarker for EGFR tyrosine kinase inhibitors (EGFR-TKI) in LSQC as it has been shown in LADC. Available data showed that the response rate and progression-free survival in EGFR mutant LSQC patients treated with EGFR-TKI are not better than that observed in patients treated with platinum-doublet chemotherapy in the first-line setting. Therefore, in contrast to advanced LADC, EGFR mutation testing may not be necessarily performed upfront in advanced LSQC because not only the mutation rate is low, but also the predictive value is insufficient. For LSQC patients with known sensitizing-EGFR mutations, both conventional chemotherapy and EGFR-TKI are acceptable frontline treatment options.
    Cancer Chemotherapy and Pharmacology 07/2014; · 2.80 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Human adenoviruses (HADVs) comprise at least 54 types and cause a wide spectrum of respiratory tract infections; early diagnosis and epidemiological monitoring of HADV infections requires a rapid and sensitive assay. The use of a real-time polymerase chain reaction (PCR) assay was evaluated with one set of in-house designed primers for respiratory adenoviral infections. The assay was first validated by detecting successfully 6 representative types and 100 clinical isolates. A concomitant prospective surveillance of viral aetiology using conventional cultures and PCR assays in 160 febrile children with acute respiratory tract symptoms was conducted between May 2010 and July 2011. Viral aetiologies were confirmed in 72 (45%) cases using conventional cultures, including 51 adenoviral infections. The concordance between the real-time PCR and culture was good (Kappa = 0.94), and two additional culture-negative adenovirus infections were identified. During the study period (January 2011), an adenoviral community epidemic occurred. Adenovirus B3 was the predominant type in this epidemic (69.8%), followed by C2 (5.7%), C1 (5.7%), C5 (1.9%), E4 (1.9%), C6 (1.9%), F41 (1.9%), and 4 unclassified species C (7.5%). Significantly prolonged duration of fever (>5 days), higher leukocyte counts, higher neutrophil counts, and higher C-reactive protein levels were in the adenoviral infected group (n = 53, P < 0.001), compared with the non-adenoviral infected group (n = 107). In conclusion, this in-house real-time PCR is capable of detecting adenoviral respiratory infections of various types in children; and patients with adenoviral aetiology suffered from more severe clinical manifestations. J. Med. Virol. © 2014 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.
    Journal of Medical Virology 06/2014; · 2.37 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: This study investigated the pattern of recurrence of lung adenocarcinoma and the predictive value of histologic classification in resected lung adenocarcinoma using the new International Association for the Study of Lung Cancer (IASLC)/American Thoracic Society (ATS)/European Respiratory Society (ERS) classification system. Histologic classification of 573 patients undergoing resection for lung adenocarcinoma was determined according to the IASLC/ATS/ERS classification system, and the percentage of each histologic component (lepidic, acinar, papillary, micropapillary, and solid) was recorded. The pattern of recurrence of those components and their predictive value were investigated. The predominant histologic pattern was significantly associated with sex (P < .01), invasive tumor size (P < .01), T status (P < .01), N status (P < .01), TNM stage (P < .01), and visceral pleural invasion (P < .01). The percentage of recurrence was significantly higher in micropapillary- and solid-predominant adenocarcinomas (P < .01). Micropapillary- and solid-predominant adenocarcinomas had a significantly higher possibility of developing initial extrathoracic-only recurrence than other types (P < .01). The predominant pattern group (micropapillary or solid v lepidic, acinar, or papillary) was a significant prognostic factor in overall survival (OS; P < .01), probability of freedom from recurrence (P < .01), and disease-specific survival (P < .01) in multivariable analysis. For patients receiving adjuvant chemotherapy, solid-predominant adenocarcinoma was a significant predictor for poor OS (P = .04). In lung adenocarcinoma, the IASLC/ATS/ERS classification system has significant prognostic and predictive value regarding death and recurrence. Solid-predominant adenocarcinoma was also a significant predictor in patients undergoing adjuvant chemotherapy. Prognostic and predictive information is important for stratifying patients for aggressive adjuvant chemoradiotherapy.
    Journal of Clinical Oncology 05/2014; · 18.04 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Detection of epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) mutation has become the most critical molecular test in managing patients with advanced lung adenocarcinoma. Whether patients with discrepant EGFR mutation results determined by low- and high-sensitivity methods have different clinical outcomes with EGFR tyrosine kinase inhibitor (TKI) treatment needs to be further evaluated. Genomic DNA from serial lung adenocarcinoma samples that were EGFR wild-type determined by direct sequencing (DS) were reanalyzed using Scorpion/Amplification Refractory Mutation System (ARMS). The outcomes with EGFR-TKI treatment among patients with discrepant EGFR mutation results between DS and Scorpion/ARMS versus patients with EGFR mutations detected by DS were studied. Of the 130 tumors studied, 28 (21.5%) were found to have EGFR mutations by Scorpion/ARMS. Discrepant EGFR mutation testing results were more common in samples from nonsmokers than in samples from smokers (30.7% versus 9.1%; p = 0.003) and in pleural than in nonpleural samples (62.5% versus 18.9%; p = 0.012). There was no significant difference in the abundance of cancer cells in region(s) selected for testing (26.2% in tumor cell percentage ≤50 versus 16.9% in tumor cell percentage >50; p = 0.201). During EGFR-TKI treatment, the progression-free survival in patients with discrepant EGFR mutation results was similar to those with EGFR mutations detected by DS (median, 13.4 versus 10.9 months; p = 0.225). DS overlooked EGFR mutation in a significant number of lung adenocarcinoma patients. These patients could have obtained the same benefit from EGFR-TKI when a high-sensitivity method such as Scorpion/ARMS was applied.
    Journal of thoracic oncology: official publication of the International Association for the Study of Lung Cancer 01/2014; 9(1):91-96. · 4.55 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Although significant improvement in myasthenic symptoms has been reported following the removal of thymolipomas, information on surgical outcomes among patients with thymolipomatous myasthenia gravis (MG) is limited. This was a retrospective review of patients who underwent extended thymectomy for treatment of MG. From 1995 to 2010, 267 patients with MG underwent extended thymectomy, including 104 with thymomatous MG, 151 with non-thymomatous MG and 12 (4.4%) with thymolipoma. The mean duration of myasthenic symptoms before surgery was greatest in the thymolipomatous group (P < 0.001). The lowest mean age (36.1 years old, P < 0.001) and the lowest preoperative serum anti-acetylcholine receptor antibody titre (P = 0.015) occurred in the non-thymomatous group. More thymic and adipose tissue was removed from the thymolipomatous group compared with the non-thymomatous group (P < 0.001). Regarding surgical outcomes, the rate of stable remission was higher in the non-thymomatous (42.3%) and thymolipomatous (41.7%) groups compared with the thymomatous group (28.8%, P = 0.029). No instances of postoperative exacerbation of MG or tumour recurrence were noted during the postoperative follow-up of patients treated for thymolipoma. Our results suggest that patients with myasthenia thymolipomatous have surgical outcomes similar to those of patients with non-thymomatous MG and have a mean age at the time of surgery similar to that of patients with thymomatous MG.
    Interactive Cardiovascular and Thoracic Surgery 12/2013; · 1.11 Impact Factor
  • Thorax 12/2013; · 8.38 Impact Factor
  • Yi-Chen Yeh, Teh-Ying Chou
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    ABSTRACT: Pulmonary neuroendocrine tumors have a prognostic spectrum including typical carcinoid (TC), atypical carcinoid (AC), small cell carcinoma (SCLC), and large cell neuroendocrine carcinoma (LCNEC). We conducted a retrospective study to compare their clinicopathological characteristics, immunophenotype, preoperative biopsy and frozen section diagnoses, and prognosis. Ninety cases of surgically treated pulmonary neuroendocrine tumors were studied. Immunohistochemical studies were performed using antibodies to chromogranin A, synaptophysin, and CD56. The preoperative biopsy and frozen section diagnoses were reviewed. The 5-year survival rates for TC, AC, SCLC, and LCNEC were 96.6%, 66.7%, 42.4%, and 38.0%, respectively. T stage and pleural status correlated with outcome of SCLC and LCNEC, but N-stage and overall TNM stage did not. In preoperative biopsy, accurate diagnosis was achieved in 5 of 11 TC, 2 of 4 AC, 6 of 15 SCLC, and 0 of 5 LCNEC cases. Using frozen sections, accurate diagnosis was achieved in 8 of 12 TC, 2 of 11 SCLC, and 0 of 11 LCNEC cases. LCNEC was the most difficult to diagnose using either preoperative biopsy or frozen sections. T stage and pleural status can predict outcome of SCLC and LCNEC. J. Surg. Oncol. © 2013 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.
    Journal of Surgical Oncology 12/2013; · 2.64 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: CRNN gene expression is downregulated in esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC), although its clinical implications in esophageal cancer remain unclear. We performed integrated microarray analysis and identified the CRNN gene as 1 of the major downregulated genes in ESCC. CRNN downregulation was validated at the nucleic acid level in 16 ESCC cases using complementary DNA microarray and at the protein level by immunohistochemical stains in an additional 220 ESCC cases. The clinicopathologic relevance and prognostic significance of CRNN expression in ESCC were explored. Downregulated CRNN expression was noted at the messenger RNA and protein levels. Immunohistochemical staining revealed negative and positive CRNN expression in 171 (77.7%) and 49 (22.3%) patients with ESCC, respectively. Patients with negative CRNN protein expression had an advanced tumor invasion depth (P = .002), advanced nodal involvement (P = .014), and longer tumor length (P = .037). Patients with negative CRNN expression (median survival, 14.0 months; 5-year survival rate, 20.5%) had poorer overall survival than those with positive expression (30.0 months and 40.3%, respectively; P = .006). On multivariate analysis, negative CRNN expression, nodal involvement, and distant metastasis remained significant prognostic factors for poor overall survival (negative vs positive CRNN, hazard ratio, 1.464; P = .047). Our analysis has highlighted the clinical implications of CRNN expression in ESCC. Loss of CRNN expression correlated with advanced tumor length, greater tumor invasion depth, lymph node metastasis, and poor survival in patients with ESCC.
    The Journal of thoracic and cardiovascular surgery 11/2013; · 3.41 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The impact of minimally invasive esophagectomy on patient prognosis, particularly disease-free survival (DFS), has not been well addressed. We compared the clinical outcomes of open and thoracoscopic esophagectomy in patients with esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC). Sixty-three and 66 patients, nonrandomized, underwent open and thoracoscopic esophagectomies for ESCC between 2008 and 2011 were included. The clinicopathological data were reviewed retrospectively. Perioperative outcome, overall survival (OS), DFS, and the recurrence sites after open and thoracoscopic esophagectomy were compared. The open and thoracoscopic groups were comparable with regard to the total number of harvested lymph nodes and the percentage patients undergoing R0 resection. Fewer patients in the thoracoscopic group had pneumonia and wound complications. Intensive care unit (ICU) stay also was shorter in the thoracoscopic group. The recurrence pattern was similar in the two groups. In the open and thoracoscopic groups, the 3-year OS rates were 47.6 and 70.9 % (p = 0.031), respectively, and the 3-year DFS rates were 35 and 62.4 % (p = 0.007), respectively. However, the trends in better OS and DFS in the thoracoscopic group were not significant after stratification according to pathologic stage. The perioperative benefit of thoracoscopic esophagectomy included fewer postoperative complications and shorter ICU stays. Mid-term OS and DFS associated with thoracoscopic techniques are at least equivalent to those associated with open procedures.
    World Journal of Surgery 10/2013; · 2.23 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Infectious diseases are closely related to cancer. Human cytomegalovirus (HCMV) has been implicated to promote tumor growth and is present in the tumor specimens of colorectal cancer (CRC). This study aimed to investigate whether tumoral presence of HCMV is associated with a different clinical outcome in elderly patients with CRC. We analyzed archived tumor specimens from 95 CRC patients who aged 65 years or older. HCMV was detected by PCR. Clinical, pathological, disease-free and overall survival data were compared between patients with HCMV-positive and HCMV-negative tumors. Quantitative reverse-transcription PCR (qRT-PCR) array was used to evaluate the expression levels cytokine genes of T helper subpopulations in tumors. In the Kaplan-Meier analysis of the 81 patients who underwent curative surgery, 39 patients with HCMV-positive tumors had a lower disease-free survival rate (P = 0.024). For patients with stage II or III diseases, tumoral HCMV status correlated with disease-free survival more closely than the traditional histopathological staging methods. In a multivariate Cox proportional-hazards model, tumoral presence of HCMV independently predicted tumor recurrence in 5 years (hazard ratio 4.42; 95% confidence interval: 1.54-12.69, P = 0.006). The qRT-PCR analysis of 10 stage II tumors showed that the gene expression levels of interleukin-17-the signature cytokine of T-helper 17 cells-and its receptor, IL17RC, were higher in the 5 HCMV-positive tumors. Our results suggested that presence of HCMV in CRC is associated with poorer outcome in elderly patients. How the virus interacts with the tumor microenvironment should be further investigated. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.
    Clinical Microbiology and Infection 10/2013; · 4.58 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Treatment for synchronous multiple primary lung cancers (SMPLC) remains controversial. Some surgeons treat SMPLC like advanced lung cancer, whereas other surgeons treat SMPLC as separate primary lung cancers. In this study, survival of SMPLC patients and matched-stage solitary primary lung cancer (SPLC) patients after surgical treatment were compared. Prospective medical records between 2001 and 2011 were retrospectively reviewed. A total of 1,995 patients underwent pulmonary resection for lung cancer in a tertiary referral center. Only 97 patients met the modified criteria of Martini and Melamed for SMPLC. The median follow-up time was 38.3 months. The 3-year and 5-year overall survival rates were 83.1% and 69.6%, respectively. In the univariate analysis, males, smokers, and tumor size greater than 3 cm demonstrated significantly worse survival. After multivariate analysis, only tumor size (p = 0.018; hazard ratio 3.199) was identified as an independent predictor of survival. In addition, there was no significant difference in overall survival between the matched-stage SMPLC and SPLC without mediastinal lymph node involvement. Subgroup analysis in the multiple synchronous adenocarcinoma (n = 78) group demonstrated no significant difference between similar and different comprehensive histologic subtyping with respect to overall survival (61.3% versus 68.8%, p = 0.474). The surgical results for SMPLC were compatible and acceptable with those for SPLC even with similar histologic subtyping, instead of T4 or M1 stages in the current TNM classification system. Preoperatively, tumor size was the only independent prognostic factor for SMPLC with surgical intervention.
    The Annals of thoracic surgery 09/2013; · 3.45 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND: We examined whether cigarette smoking affects the degrees of oxidative damage (8-hydroxyl-2'-deoxyguanosine [8-OHdG]) on mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA), whether the degree of 8-OHdG accumulation on mtDNA is related to the increased total mtDNA copy number, and whether human 8-oxoguanine DNA glycosylase 1 (hOGG1) Ser326Cys polymorphisms affect the degrees of 8-OHdG accumulation on mtDNA in thoracic esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (TESCC). METHODS: DNA extracted from microdissected tissues of paired noncancerous esophageal muscles, noncancerous esophageal mucosa, and cancerous TESCC nests (n = 74) along with metastatic lymph nodes (n = 38) of 74 TESCC patients was analyzed. Both the mtDNA copy number and mtDNA integrity were analyzed by quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction (PCR). The hOGG1 Ser326Cys polymorphisms were identified by restriction fragment length polymorphism PCR and PCR-based direct sequencing. RESULTS: Among noncancerous esophageal mucosa, cancerous TESCC nests, and metastatic lymph nodes, the mtDNA integrity decreased (95.2 to 47.9 to 18.6 %; P < 0.001) and the mtDNA copy number disproportionally increased (0.163 to 0.204 to 0.207; P = 0.026). In TESCC, higher indexes of cigarette smoking (0, 0-20, 20-40, and >40 pack-years) were related to an advanced pathologic N category (P = 0.038), elevated mtDNA copy number (P = 0.013), higher mtDNA copy ratio (P = 0.028), and increased mtDNA integrity (P = 0.069). The TESCC mtDNA integrity in patients with Ser/Ser, Ser/Cys, and Cys/Cys hOGG1 variants decreased stepwise from 65.2 to 52.1 to 41.3 % (P = 0.051). CONCLUSIONS: Elevated 8-OHdG accumulations on mtDNA in TESCC were observed. Such accumulations were associated with a compensatory increase in total mtDNA copy number, indexes of cigarette smoking, and hOGG1 Ser326Cys polymorphisms.
    Annals of Surgical Oncology 09/2013; · 4.12 Impact Factor
  • Shiou-Fu Lin, Wen-Hu Hsu, Teh-Ying Chou
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    ABSTRACT: Hepatoid carcinoma is a rare malignancy defined as extrahepatic primary alpha-fetoprotein-producing carcinoma morphologically resembling hepatocellular carcinoma. It is extremely rare in the lungs, with ambiguous pathological descriptions and variable prognosis. Herein, we present the case of a 66-year-old man with a primary pulmonary hepatoid carcinoma in his right upper lung who received complete curative surgical resection and adjuvant chemotherapy. No signs of recurrence or distant metastasis have been observed for 57 months postoperation. In addition, the literature is reviewed and the pathological diagnostic pitfalls are discussed.
    The Kaohsiung journal of medical sciences 09/2013; 29(9):512-6. · 0.50 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The molecular and genetic changes underlying esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC) tumor formation and rapid progression are poorly understood. Using high-throughput data analysis, we examined molecular changes involved in ESCC pathogenesis and investigated their clinical relevance. Five independent microarray datasets were examined for differentially expressed genes and pathways. For validation, mRNA expression in tumor and matched normal tissues from 16 ESCC cases was examined by cDNA microarray, and protein expression in 97 ESCC specimens was investigated using immunohistochemical stains. The association between clinicopathological parameters and the expression of Aurora kinase A (Aurora-A) and TPX2 was analyzed. The impact of TPX2 expression was also assessed in ESCC cancer cells. AURKA and TPX2, members of the "Role of Ran in mitotic spindle regulation" pathway, were selected for further investigation. Verification by cDNA microarray showed that both genes were overexpressed in tumor tissues, and immunohistochemical staining showed Aurora-A and TPX2 expression in 88.4 and 90.6 % of ESCC specimens, respectively. High TPX2 expression was a significant prognosticator for overall and disease-free survival in univariate analysis and remained an independent prognostic factor in multivariate analysis (HR 1.802, p = 0.037). TPX2 knockdown clones showed inhibited cellular proliferation in growth curve studies and formed fewer colonies in the clonogenic assay. Using bioinformatics resources, which were validated by microarray analysis and immunohistochemistry stains, and manipulation of TPX2 expression in ESCC cell lines, we demonstrated that TPX2 expression is associated with cell proliferation and poor prognosis among patients with resected ESCC.
    Journal of Gastroenterology 08/2013; · 3.79 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Although the number of positive lymph nodes (LN), the total number of resected LN, and the proportion of positive LN have been reported to be associated with survival in patients with esophageal cancer, little is known about the prognostic impact of the number of negative LN. A retrospective review of 754 patients receiving transthoracic esophagectomy for cancer between January 1995 and September 2011 was performed. The prognostic impact of the number of negative LN was analyzed. Log rank testing was used to compare survival curves, and Cox regression analysis was performed to identify significant prognostic factors. A total of 707 patients were included. The mean follow-up time was 28.4 ± 30.9 months. The 5-year overall survival for the entire cohort was 30.1%. Patients with a high number of negative LN (≥19) had better overall survival than patients with a low number of negative LN (5-year survival rate 33.4% versus 26.4%, p = 0.005). Stratified analysis showed that the impact of the number of negative LN was significant in patients with T3/4 (p = 0.027) and node-positive (p = 0.002) esophageal cancers but not in patients with less advanced tumors. Multivariate Cox regression analysis demonstrated that the number of negative LN (in addition to age, sex, T stage, N stage, tumor length, and surgical approach) was an independent prognostic factor. A higher number of negative LN is associated with better overall survival of esophageal cancer patients after resection. The correlation of a high number of negative LN (≥19) with survival was more prominent in patients with advanced (T3/4 stage, node-positive) tumors.
    The Annals of thoracic surgery 07/2013; · 3.45 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Pleural angiosarcoma is an extremely rare disease. Although the clinical course could be indolent, the prognosis is very poor once the tumour spreads. Herein, a 69-year old male with a history of thyroid goitre was noted for 5 years before the symptoms of right chest pain and body weight loss developed. His serial chest roenterogram revealed loculated pleural effusion which rapidly progressed to be multiple pleural haematomas. After several sono-guided aspiration/biopsies with undiagnosed pleural haematomas, an exploratory thoracotomy confirmed the diagnosis of pleural angiosarcoma. Whole body image studies did not find other suspicious primary sites except for a thyroid tumour with eccentric calcification extending into the thoracic cage. Aspiration cytology of the thyroid tumour was shown to be morphologically consistent with angiosarcoma. This case reminds clinicians that pleural metastatic angiosarcomas presenting as haematomas have a high risk of massive and refractory haemothorax.
    Interactive Cardiovascular and Thoracic Surgery 07/2013; · 1.11 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: : Lung cancer with breast metastasis is rare. However, differentiating between primary breast cancer and metastatic lung adenocarcinoma is of clinical importance. The metastasis cascade of how cancer cells migrate from the primary lung tumor to the breast is not clear yet. : Pathology and cytology databases were searched for patients diagnosed to have lung adenocarcinoma with breast metastasis. Their medical records, chest computed tomography images, and pathology slides were reviewed independently. : We identified six lung adenocarcinoma patients with breast metastases in a 10-year period from a tertiary medical center. Interestingly, all breast metastases affected the same side as the primary lung cancers. In addition, all our cases shared other clinical manifestations, namely, ipsilateral pleural effusion/thickness and axillary lymph node enlargement. : Because this distinctive feature could not be explained by simple coincidence, we consider that lung adenocarcinoma may preferentially metastasize to the ipsilateral breast through a stepwise mechanism, involving pleural seeding, axillary lymph node metastasis, and retrograde lymphatic spreading into the breast.
    Journal of thoracic oncology: official publication of the International Association for the Study of Lung Cancer 07/2013; 8(7):974-9. · 4.55 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Therapeutic responses of lung adenocarcinoma patients to tyrosine kinase inhibitors (TKIs) of epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) are closely associated with activating mutations within the EGFR tyrosine kinase domain. Screening activating EGFR mutations prior to selection for therapeutic strategy has been considered extremely valuable for clinical management of lung adenocarcinoma patients in Asian countries including Taiwan, where the EGFR mutation rate is higher than in the rest of the world. Currently there is no consensus on the method of choice to assess EGFR mutations in tumor tissue. We enrolled 445 lung adenocarcinoma patients for analysis of tumor EGFR mutations using PCR-direct sequencing, Scorpion/Arms technology and immunohistochemistry with mutation-specific antibodies. 245 patients (245/445; 55%) were found to harbor activating EGFR mutations using PCR-direct sequencing method, with a majority of patients (233/245; 95%) carrying exon 19 deletion or p.L858R point mutations. One hundred and three of 200 cases negative for EGFR mutations from PCR-direct sequencing were further analyzed using Scorpion/Arms technology. Up to 30% of the PCR-direct sequencing negative cases turned out to be positive in the Scorpion/Arms EGFR mutation tests. For immunohistochemistry analysis of EGFR mutations, the p.E746_A750del specific antibody showed a sensitivity of 57% and a specificity of 100% for exon 19 deletions while the p.L858R point mutation specific antibody showed a sensitivity of 68% and a specificity of 95%. Based on this study, we proposed an algorithm for comprehensive and efficient testing of EGFR mutations on lung adenocarcinoma patients in Asia.
    Respirology 06/2013; · 2.78 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND: Non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) is the leading cause of cancer deaths around the world, and a high recurrence rate after complete resection is an important issue reducing the cure rate and survival of patients with early stage NSCLC. Several pathologic biomarkers are associated with recurrence in early stage lung cancer after complete resection. METHODS: We evaluated the expression and prognostic value of the α1 subunit of the nicotinic acetylcholine receptor (CHRNA1) as well as other pathologic features of tumor tissues resected from patients with stage I adenocarcinoma of the lung. RESULTS: A high ratio (173/185) of CHRNA1 expression (93.5 %) was found in stage I lung adenocarcinoma. In the multivariate survival analysis, tumor necrosis, angiolymphatic invasion, perineural invasion, and CHRNA1 expression were independent poor prognostic factors for both recurrence-free and overall survival (OS). Patients expressing CHRNA1 had worse median recurrence-free survival (60.6 vs. 77.9 months, P = 0.03) and OS (65.1 vs. 77.9 months, P = 0.04) compared with CHRNA1-negative patients. CONCLUSIONS: CHRNA1 expression could be directly tested from the tumor after complete resection. In early stage NSCLC, it could be a useful prognostic factor for recurrence and survival.
    Annals of Surgical Oncology 06/2013; · 4.12 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: OBJECTIVES While neoadjuvant chemoradiation followed by surgery has been shown to improve the survival of patients with locally advanced oesophageal cancer, it is not known whether neoadjuvant chemoradiation has a beneficial or harmful effect on the non-responders. We aimed to compare the outcomes among neoadjuvant chemoradiation responders, non-responders and patients receiving primary oesophagectomies for resectable locally advanced oesophageal squamous cell carcinoma.METHODS Eighty-four non-T1-2N0 oesophageal squamous cell carcinoma patients were included. Thirty-eight patients received primary resection and 46 patients received neoadjuvant chemoradiation. The overall survival of chemoradiation responders (<50% residual tumour), non-responders (>50% residual tumour and those who shifted to definitive chemoradiation instead of surgery due to tumour progression) and patients receiving primary resection were compared. Clinical parameters were also compared between responders and non-responders.RESULTSThere was no overall difference in survival between neoadjuvant chemoradiation and primary resection groups (2-year overall survival rates: 45.6 vs 54.3%, P = 0.442). In patients receiving neoadjuvant chemoradiation followed by surgery, pathological responders had significantly higher 2-year overall survival rates than non-responders (64.5 vs 38.9%, P = 0.043). While the pathological responders had the highest survival rate, clinicopathological non-responders (pathological non-responders and patients with tumour progression during the neoadjuvant chemoradiation period) demonstrated significantly worse outcomes than those receiving primary resection (32.0 vs 54.3%, P = 0.036). However, none of the clinical parameters, including blood profiles, images and baseline tumour characteristics, predicted the response to chemoradiation before treatment.CONCLUSIONS Neoadjuvant chemoradiation non-responders demonstrated no benefit and an even worse outcome compared with those receiving primary resection for locally advanced oesophageal squamous cell carcinoma. However, no significant clinical parameters could be implemented in the clinics to predict the response to neoadjuvant chemoradiation before treatment.
    Interactive Cardiovascular and Thoracic Surgery 05/2013; · 1.11 Impact Factor

Publication Stats

777 Citations
322.76 Total Impact Points

Institutions

  • 2005–2014
    • National Yang Ming University
      • • Faculty of Medicine
      • • Department of Otorhinolaryngology
      • • Institute of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology
      • • Institute of Clinical Medicine
      • • Institute of Microbiology and Immunology
      • • School of Medicine
      • • Department of Surgery
      T’ai-pei, Taipei, Taiwan
  • 2012
    • National Chiao Tung University
      • Department of Biological Science and Technology
      Hsinchu, Taiwan, Taiwan
  • 2004–2012
    • Taipei Veterans General Hospital
      • • Surgery Division
      • • Department of Pathology and Laboratory Medicine
      T’ai-pei, Taipei, Taiwan
  • 2011
    • Taipei Medical University
      • Department of Surgery
      T’ai-pei, Taipei, Taiwan
    • Chang Bing Show Chwan Memorial Hospital
      Chang-hua Pei-pu, Taiwan, Taiwan
  • 2009
    • Buddhist Tzu Chi General Hospital
      T’ai-pei, Taipei, Taiwan
    • Chang Gung Memorial Hospital
      T’ai-pei, Taipei, Taiwan
  • 2008
    • Academia Sinica
      • Genomics Research Center
      T’ai-pei, Taipei, Taiwan
    • Fu Jen Catholic University
      • School of Medicine
      Taipei, Taipei, Taiwan