Martin Rücker

Hannover Medical School, Hanover, Lower Saxony, Germany

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Publications (120)239.44 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: Clinical success of oral implants is related to primary stability and osseointegration. These parameters are associated with delicate surgical techniques. We herein studied whether template-guided drilling has a significant influence on drillholes diameter and accuracy in an in vitro model.
    Clinical Oral Investigations 10/2014; · 2.20 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Purpose: The placement of self-tapping implants is associated with microfractures and the formation of bone chips along the cutting flutes. This study was conducted to investigate the effect of different cutting edge angles on chip formation during the machining of trabecular and cortical bone using instruments with a rough titanium surface. Materials and Methods: Mandibular cortical and trabecular bone specimens were obtained from freshly slaughtered domestic pigs. A predefined thrust force was applied to the specimens. Four specially designed cutting instruments that simulated dental implants and had a rough titanium surface were allowed to complete one full revolution at cutting edge angles of 55, 65, 75, and 85 degrees, respectively. Torque and thrust were measured during the cutting process. Bone chips were measured and weighed under a microscope. Results: Different cutting edge angles did not lead to significant differences in torque. The lowest torque values were measured when the cutting edges were positioned at 65 degrees in trabecular bone and at 85 degrees in cortical bone. Bone chips were significantly larger and heavier at angles of 55 and 65 degrees than at angles of 75 and 85 degrees in trabecular bone. Conclusion: Instruments with a rough titanium surface show considerable angle-dependent differences in chip formation. In addition to bone density, the angle of the cutting edges should be taken into consideration during the placement of dental implants. Good results were obtained when the cutting edges were positioned at an angle of 65 degrees. This angle can have positive effects on osseointegration.
    The International journal of oral & maxillofacial implants 07/2014; 29(4):942-948. · 1.91 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Subperiosteal preparation using a periosteal elevator leads to disturbances of local periosteal microcirculation. Soft-tissue damage can usually be considerably reduced using piezoelectric technology. For this reason, we investigated the effects of a novel piezoelectric device on local periosteal microcirculation and compared this approach with the conventional preparation of the periosteum using a periosteal elevator.
    Microvascular Research 06/2014; · 2.93 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Loosening or fracture of the abutment screw are frequent complications in implant dentistry and are detrimental to the long-term success of the restorations. However, little is known about the factors influencing the stability of the screw-abutment complex. The purpose of this study was to investigate the influence of lubricant action during implant assembly on screw preload and stresses in a dental implant-abutment complex. A dental implant was modeled for finite element stress analysis. Different friction coefficients (μ=0.2 to 0.5) were chosen for the interfaces between implant components to simulate lubricant action or dry conditions. The stress analyses were each divided into 2 load steps. First, the abutment screw was virtually tightened with a torque of 25 Ncm. This was achieved by applying an equivalent preload calculated according to the different friction coefficients chosen. Second, the construction was externally loaded with a force of 200 N inclined by 30 degrees relative to the implant axis. The screw preload increased with the decreasing friction coefficient. In all components, stresses increased with decreasing friction coefficient. Plastic deformation was observed at the implant neck in an area that expanded with decreasing friction coefficient. No plastic deformation occurred in the abutment. The results of this study indicated that screw preload should be included in the finite element analysis of dental implants for a realistic evaluation of stresses in the implant-abutment complex. The friction coefficient significantly influenced the screw preload value and modified the stresses in the implant-abutment complex.
    The Journal of prosthetic dentistry 02/2014; · 1.22 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Bone marrow derived mesenchymal stem cells (bmMSC) are widely used for the generation of tissue engineering constructs, since they can differentiate into different cell types occurring in bone tissues. Until now their use for the generation of tissue engineering constructs is limited. All cells inside a tissue engineering construct die within a short period of time after implantation of the construct because vascularization and establishment of connections to the recipient circulatory system is a time consuming process. We therefore compared the influences of bmMSC, VEGF and a combination of both on the early processes of vascularization, utilizing the mice skinfold chamber model and intravital fluorescence microscopy. Tissue engineering constructs based on collagen coated Poly D,L-lactide-co-glycolide (PLGA) scaffolds, were either functionalized by coating with vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) or vitalized with bmMSC. PLGA without cells and growth factor were used as the control group. Functionalized and vitalized tissue engineering constructs showed an accelerated growth of micro vessels compared to controls. Only marginal differences in vascular growth were detected between VEGF containing and bmMSC containing constructs. Constructs containing VEGF and bmMSC showed a further enhanced microvascular growth at day 14. We conclude that bmMSC are well suited for bone tissue engineering applications, since they are a valuable source of angiogenic growth factors and are able to differentiate into the tissue specific cell types of interest. The dynamic process of vascularization triggered by growth factor producing cells can be amplified and stabilized with the addition of accessory growth factors, leading to a persisting angiogenesis, but strategies are needed that enhance the resistance of bmMSC to hypoxia and increase survival of these cells until the tissue engineering construct has build up a functional vascular system.
    Microvascular Research 07/2013; · 2.93 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The aim of orbital wall reconstruction is to reestablish anatomically exact orbital volumes to avoid long-term complications. Navigation could facilitate complex reconstructions. Quality of the orbital reconstruction (n = 94) was measured based on (A) volume changes and (B) on 3D shape deviations compared to the unaffected side. Volume analysis included segmentation of the orbital cavity in the pre- and post-operative 3D data set (VoXim(R), IVS Solutions, Germany), and shape analysis was performed by vector-based 3D tools (Comparison(R), 3Dshape, Germany). Orbital volume of the unaffected side ranged from 26.6 ml +/- 2.8 ml in male and 25.2 ml +/- 2.6 ml in female (CT). Significant orbital enlargement was found in orbital fractures with involvement of the posterior third of the orbital floor and in comminuted fracture pattern. Reconstructed orbital volume ranged from 26.9 +/- 2.7 ml in male and 24.26 +/- 2.5 ml in female (CBCT). 3D Analysis of the color mapping showed minor deviations compared to the mirrored unaffected side. Measurements demonstrate that even in comminuted orbital fractures true-to-original reconstruction is feasible.
    Head & Face Medicine 07/2013; 9(1):18. · 0.98 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: In tissue engineering research, generating constructs with an adequate extent of clinical applications remains a major challenge. In this context, rapid blood vessel ingrowth in the transplanted tissue engineering constructs is the key factor for successful incorporation. To accelerate the microvascular development in engineered tissues, we preincubated osteoblast-like cells as well as mesenchymal stem cells or a combination of both cell types in Matrigel-filled PLGA scaffolds before transplantation into the dorsal skinfold chambers of balb/c mice. By the use of preincubated mesenchymal stem cells, a significantly accelerated angiogenesis was achieved. Compared with previous studies that showed a decisive increase of vascularization on day 6 after the implantation, we were able to halve this period and achieve explicitly denser microvascular networks 3 days after transplantation of the tissue engineering constructs. Thereby, the inflammatory host tissue response was acceptable and low, comparable with former investigations. A co-incubation of osteoblast-like cells and stem cells showed no additive effect on the density of the newly formed microvascular network. Preincubation of mesenchymal stem cells in Matrigel is a promising approach to develop rapid microvascular growth into tissue engineering constructs. After the implantation into the host organism, scaffolds comprising stem cells generate microvascular capillary-like structures exceptionally fast. Thereby, transplanted stem cells likely differentiate into vessel-associated cells. For this reason, preincubation of mesenchymal stem cells in nutrient solutions supporting different steps of angiogenesis provides a technique to promote the routine use of tissue engineering in the clinic.
    Journal of Biomedical Materials Research Part A 06/2013; · 2.83 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Orbital and anterior skull base surgery is generally performed close to the prechiasmatic visual pathway, and clear strategies for detecting and handling visual pathway damage are essential. To overcome the common problem of a missed clinical examination because of an uncooperative or unresponsive patient, flash visual evoked potentials and electroretinograms should be used. These electrophysiologic examination techniques can provide evidence of intact, pathologic, or absent conductivity of the visual pathway when clinical assessment is not feasible. Visual evoked potentials and electroretinograms are thus essential diagnostic procedures not only for primary diagnosis but also for intraoperative evaluation. A decision for or against treatment of a visual pathway injury has to be made as fast as possible due to the enormous importance of the time elapsed with such injuries; this can be achieved additionally using multislice spiral computed tomography. The first-line conservative treatment of choice for such injuries is megadose methylprednisolone therapy. Surgery is used to decompress the orbital compartment by exposure of the intracanalicular part of the optic nerve in the case of optic canal compression. Modern craniomaxillofacial surgery requires detailed consideration of the diagnosis and treatment of traumatic visual pathway damage with the ultimate goal of preserving visual acuity.
    Craniomaxillofacial Trauma and Reconstruction 06/2013; 6(2):75-86.
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    ABSTRACT: Since introduction to the clinics in the 1990s, resorbable osteosynthesis systems have undergone extensive improvements in order to establish their use as a standard treatment, especially in craniomaxillofacial surgery. However, the development of osteosynthesis systems made of poly(α-hydroxy acid) polymers has been hindered by the lack of information on the mechanical properties and biocompatibility of these materials. Moreover, magnesium-based degredable osteosynthesis materials have not yet been integrated into clinical practice owing to biocompatibility problems. Osteosynthesis systems made from nonresorbable titanium alloys have shown excellent biocompatibility, stability and individual fitting to the implant bed, so these materials are currently considered the 'gold standard'. The procedure of plate removal has been subjected to intense scrutiny and controversy. Bioresorbable materials are indicated for special conditions, such as osteosynthesis of the growing skull or orbital floor reconstructions. This paper presents an overview of the currently available and investigated resorbable osteosynthesis materials in comparison with the nonresorbable 'gold standard' titanium. The main problem areas such as sterilization, biocompatibility and stability are highlighted and perspectives for further improvements are provided.
    Pathobiology 01/2013; 80(4):211-7. · 1.95 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Ablative surgery of the orbit is often associated with dramatic changes in facial geometry. Surgical intervention is often necessary to correct the functional and esthetic appearance in those patients who are anophthalmic, having an intact eyelid appearance and an orbital prosthesis. The outcome of the surgical correction depends on the shape of the orbital implants and their adequate placement. In the case of comparatively small rearrangements, the effect of implants on soft tissues can be estimated by surgeons on the basis of their experience. However, large deformities in complex cases (including large deformation of soft tissue or asymmetry) can be hardly predicted on the basis of simple empirical considerations. The purpose of the present technical note was to describe a new procedure of inverse design of customized orbital titanium meshes. To demonstrate this procedure, an anophthalmic patient with superior sulcus deformity and enophthalmos was enrolled. The volume and structure of the extraocular muscles, soft tissue, and bony structure of the orbital walls were examined using high-resolution multislice computed tomography. Next, a geometric model of the patient's anatomy was generated from the tomography data. Afterward, the orbital prosthesis was virtually relocated to a new position. Then, the desired correction of the particular soft tissue regions was performed using virtual sculpturing tools. Next, the deformation of the soft tissues and initial prosthesis boundaries were computed from the predefined displacements of the relocated tissue regions with the help of the Finite Element Method. The differential volume between the initial and designated position of the orbital prosthesis yielded the preferred implant shape required to effect the desired correction of soft tissue. During surgery, the preplanned position of the customized titanium meshes was guided using a navigation system. Although the inverse design of custom-tailored titanium meshes for precision treatment of severe enophthalmos in anophthalmic patients appears to be a promising approach, it has rarely been applied in the past because of the technological complexity and additional time required. With the present study, we have launched a series of clinical evaluations of this novel method. To date, scientific evidence and trials showing a predictable simulation using an inverse finite element approach in the correction of severe enophthalmos in anophthalmic patients with computer-assisted fabricated individual titanium meshes for reconstruction of orbital walls have been rare.
    Journal of oral and maxillofacial surgery: official journal of the American Association of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgeons 11/2012; 70(11):e631-8. · 1.58 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND: As a prerequisite in navigation-assisted surgery, a three-dimensional image data set with registration marker is necessary. Often patients are presented, not being aware of facing a computer-assisted surgical intervention (CAS), with an already performed computed tomography (CT) data set without marker. The aim of this study was to evaluate the accuracy of a new method which allows performing CAS by enhancing the initial markerless data set with a marked subvolume gained by cone beam (CBCT) scan. METHODS: Therefore four registration markers are inserted and afterwards the patient is strongly limited to the field of interest scanned by CBCT scan (marked data set). Superimposed with the initial data set, a data set with reference markers and with full information is obtained. Registration procedure was performed with group A (25 patients, superimposed marked CBCT scan) and group B (25 patients, initially marked CT scan) using BrainLab® navigation by two observers and overall system accuracy was measured using the registration landmarks and additional intraoperative landmarks (tooth cusps). RESULTS: Adequate image quality assumed, no significant difference between group A and B was detected. Enhancing an initially performed data set with registration marker by using a marked subvolume could improve the workflow for navigation-assisted surgery due to the availability of cone beam scan technology, provide excellent resolution with reduced metal artifacts nearby dental restorations, and reduce radiation dose for the patient. CONCLUSION: Regarding the advantages of the new method which allows performing CAS by enhancing the initial markerless data set with a marked subvolume gained by cone beam (CBCT) scan, this technique will play a major part in navigation-assisted surgery and will address widespread general methodological solutions that are of great interest in multidisciplinary treatment. Copyright © 2012 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
    International Journal of Medical Robotics and Computer Assisted Surgery 06/2012; · 1.49 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Microvascular supply is of fundamental importance to the survival and integration of grafting. Since the autogenous bone is still the gold standard for osseous augmentation, the aim of this study was to analyze the initial osseous, angiogenic and inflammatory response and subsequent osseointegration after implantation of dentin and beta-tricalcium phosphate (ß-TCP) scaffolds into the calvaria chamber of balb/c mice comparing with bone. The vascularisation of perforated implants of dentin (n=8), ß-TCP (n=8) and isogenic calvarial bone (n=8) displaying pores similar in size and structure was analyzed in vivo using intravital fluorescence microscopy. In additional animals (n=24) the osseointegration of dentin, ß-TCP and bone implants was assessed by fluorochrome sequential labelling of growing bone for up to 12 weeks. Animals without implants served as controls. Intravital fluorescence microscopy revealed that implantation of bone substitutes caused an only mild inflammatory response. Comparable to isogenic bone both dentin and ß-TCP scaffolds were found nearly completely vascularized by day 22 and osseointegrated within 12 weeks. In conclusion, dentin and ß-TCP scaffolds are similar to isogenic bone in terms of inflammatory and neovascularization response, highlighting their potential utility in regeneration of bone defects.
    Microvascular Research 06/2012; 84(2):116-22. · 2.93 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Modern high-velocity projectiles produce temporary cavities and can thus cause extensive tissue destruction along the bullet path. It is still unclear whether gelatin blocks, which are used as a well-accepted tissue simulant, allow the effects of projectiles to be adequately investigated and how these effects are influenced by caliber size. Barium titanate particles were distributed throughout a test chamber for an assessment of wound contamination. We fired .22-caliber Magnum bullets first into gelatin blocks and then into porcine hind limbs placed behind the chamber. Two other types of bullets (.222-caliber bullets and 6.5 × 57 mm cartridges) were then shot into porcine hind limbs. Permanent and temporary wound cavities as well as the spatial distribution of barium titanate particles in relation to the bullet path were evaluated radiologically. A comparison of the gelatin blocks and hind limbs showed significant differences (p < 0.05) in the mean results for all parameters. There were significant differences between the bullets of different calibers in the depth to which barium titanate particles penetrated the porcine hind limbs. Almost no particles, however, were found at a penetration depth of 10 cm or more. By contrast, gas cavities were detected along the entire bullet path. Gelatin is only of limited value for evaluating the path of high-velocity projectiles and the contamination of wounds by exogenous particles. There is a direct relationship between the presence of gas cavities in the tissue along the bullet path and caliber size. These cavities, however, are only mildly contaminated by exogenous particles.
    BMC Surgery 04/2012; 12:6. · 1.97 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Over the past years, computer-assisted surgery has gained more importance in craniomaxillofacial surgery, especially in primary and secondary treatment of head and neck malignancies. The basis for oncologic treatment of the head and neck region requires detailed planning using computed tomography, cone-beam computed tomography, or magnetic resonance imaging in combination with computer-assisted, infrared-based navigation system. These techniques allow a preplanned image-guided path to the tumor region for taking biopsies, resection, or reconstruction. The aim of this work was to show the advances and technical benefits for tumor surgery in a daily clinical routine from the view of the craniomaxillofacial surgeon. The target of our working group was to develop and clinically evaluate a novel three-dimensional planning and navigation software solution for treatment of craniofacial tumors. This work was carried out on 5 categories for oncologic surgical procedures in which computer-assisted surgery was applied from 2005 to 2011: preplanned trajectorial-guided tumor biopsy, intraoperative image-controlled tumor resection, tumor mapping, reconstruction after tumor surgery (true to original), and oral rehabilitation (backward planning). Successful preoperative planning, import of image data suitable for navigation, and intraoperative precise infrared-based navigation were obtained for all 5 categories without any complications. Image-guided navigation technique for head and neck oncologic surgery provides a precise, safe surgical method with real-time excellent anatomic orientation. Regarding the advantages of computer-assisted surgery, this technique will play a major part in craniofacial reconstructive surgery and will address widespread general methodologic solutions that are of great interest in multidisciplinary oncologic treatment.
    The Journal of craniofacial surgery 01/2012; 23(1):272-8. · 0.81 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Aim. To measure and validate the permeability of pressure changes in correlation to different root filling techniques. Methods. Eighty extracted single-rooted teeth were randomly assigned to one of eight groups of ten teeth. Following standardized instrumentation and irrigation, root canal fillings were performed using either cold lateral condensation, a warm carrier-based gutta-percha obturation technique, a warm carrier-based Resilon, or warm gutta-percha compaction with the downpack/backfill technique. After insertion of a pressure sensor within the pulp chamber ten teeth of each group then underwent simulated dives with pressure measurement and the other ten a dye penetration test during simulated dives to 5.0 bar. Differences were analyzed statistically (P < 0.05) using one-way analysis of variance (ANOVA). Results. When the warm carrier-based gutta-percha obturation technique and vertical gutta-percha obturation techniques were used, there was significant lower intrapulpal pressure to experimental chamber pressure (P > 0.05). When cold lateral condensation or carrier-based Resilon as used, pressure was sometimes almost completely equalized. Conclusions. Warm gutta-percha obturation techniques provide a largely pressure-tight seal whereas the Resilon obturation technique and cold lateral condensation appear to be unsuitable to pressure changes.
    ISRN dentistry. 01/2012; 2012:418609.
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    ABSTRACT: Changes in ambient pressure occur during flying, diving, or hyperbaric oxygen therapy and can cause different types of pathophysiological conditions and pain including toothache (barodontalgia). We report the case of a patient with severe pain in the region of his mandibular left first molar, which had been satisfactorily restored with a conservative restoration. Pain occurred during an airplane flight and persisted after landing. Radiology revealed a periapical radiolucency in the region of the distal root apex. Pain relief was achieved only after endodontic treatment. On the basis of this paper, we investigated the aetiology and management of barodontalgia. Dentists should advise patients to avoid exposure to pressure changes until all necessary surgical, conservative, and prosthetic procedures have been completed. The influence of pressure divergences should be noted at any time. Under changed environment pressures may be the changing perception of pathologies.
    Case reports in dentistry. 01/2012; 2012:453415.
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    ABSTRACT: It is widely known that stress conditioning can protect microcirculation and induce the release of vasoactive factors for a period of several hours. Little, however, is known about the long-term effects of stress conditioning on microcirculation, especially on the microcirculation of the periosteum of the calvaria. For this reason, we used intravital fluorescence microscopy to investigate the effects of heat shock priming on the microcirculation of the periosteum over a period of several days. Fifty-two Lewis rats were randomized into eight groups. Six groups underwent heat shock priming of the periosteum of the calvaria at 42.5°C, two of them (n = 8) for 15 minutes, two (n = 8) for 25 minutes and two (n = 8) for 35 minutes. After 24 hours, a periosteal chamber was implanted into the heads of the animals of one of each of the two groups mentioned above. Microcirculation and inflammatory responses were studied repeatedly over a period of 14 days using intravital fluorescence microscopy. The expression of heat shock protein (HSP) 70 was examined by immunohistochemistry in three further groups 24 hours after a 15-minute (n = 5), a 25-minute (n = 5) or a 35-minute (n = 5) heat shock treatment. Two groups that did not undergo priming were used as controls. One control group (n = 8) was investigated by intravital microscopy and the other (n = 5) by immunohistochemistry. During the entire observation period of 14 days, the periosteal chambers revealed physiological microcirculation of the periosteum of the calvaria without perfusion failures. A significant (p < 0.05) and continuous increase in functional capillary density was noted from day 5 to day 14 after 25-minute heat shock priming. Whereas a 15-minute exposure did not lead to an increase in functional capillary density, 35-minute priming caused a significant but reversible perfusion failure in capillaries. Non-perfused capillaries in the 35-minute treatment group were reperfused by day 10. Immunohistochemistry demonstrated an increase in cytoprotective HSP70 expression in the periosteum after a 15-minute and a 35-minute heat shock pretreatment when compared with the control group. The level of HSP70 expression that was measured in the periosteum after 25 minutes of treatment was significantly higher than the levels observed after 15 or 35 minutes of heat shock exposure. A few days after heat shock priming over an appropriate period of time, a continuous increase in functional capillary density is seen in the periosteum of the calvaria. This increase in perfusion appears to be the result of the induction of angiogenesis.
    Head & Face Medicine 11/2011; 7:22. · 0.98 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The quality of the interdisciplinary interface in oncological treatment between surgery, pathology and radiotherapy is mainly dependent on reliable anatomical three-dimensional (3D) allocation of specimen and their context sensitive interpretation which defines further treatment protocols. Computer-assisted preoperative planning (CAPP) allows for outlining macroscopical tumor size and margins. A new technique facilitates the 3D virtual marking and mapping of frozen sections and resection margins or important surgical intraoperative information. These data could be stored in DICOM format (Digital Imaging and Communication in Medicine) in terms of augmented reality and transferred to communicate patient's specific tumor information (invasion to vessels and nerves, non-resectable tumor) to oncologists, radiotherapists and pathologists.
    Radiation Oncology 11/2011; 6:159. · 2.11 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The faith of tissue engineered bone replacing constructs depends on their early supply with oxygen and nutrients, and thus on a rapid vascularization. Although some models for direct observation of angiogenesis are described, none of them allows the observation of new vessel formation in desmal bone. Therefore, we developed a new chamber model suitable for quantitative in vivo assessment of the vascularization of bone substitutes by intravital fluorescence microscopy. In the parietal calvaria of 32 balb/c mice a critical size defect was set. Porous 3D-poly(L-lactide-co-glycolide) (PLGA)-blocks were inserted into 16 osseous defects (groups 3 and 4) while other 16 osseous defects remained unequipped (groups 1 and 2). By placing a polyethylene membrane onto the dura mater, the angiogenesis was mainly restricted to the osseous margins (groups 2 and 4). Microvascular density, angiogenesis, and microcirculatory parameters were evaluated repetitively during 22 days. In all animals, only a mild inflammatory reaction was observed with a climax after 2 weeks. The implantation of PLGA scaffolds resulted in a vascular growth directed towards the center of the defect as demonstrated by the significantly (p < 0.05) enhanced central microvascular densitiy from day 3 to day 22 when compared with unequipped chambers. The additional application of polyethylene membrane was found to reduce significantly the microvessel density mainly in the center of both scaffolds and defects. The present calvaria bone chamber allows for the first time to assess quantitatively the angiogenesis arising from desmal bone directly in vivo. Therefore, this chronic model may support the future research in the biological adequacy of bone substitutes.
    Journal of Biomedical Materials Research Part A 11/2011; 99(2):151-7. · 2.83 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: In this retrospective study, we present a clinical review of our experience with tongue cancer in order to obtain valid criteria for therapeutic decision-making. Between August 1999 and June 2011, a total of 398 patients with squamous cell carcinoma of the tongue were treated at the Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, King Edward Medical University Lahore Pakistan. Data concerning patient characteristics, clinical and pathologic tumour characteristics and treatment strategies and their results were obtained from a retrospective review of medical records. The average follow-up was 4.6 years. Statistical analysis for survival was calculated by the method of Kaplan and Meier. There were 398 total patients. The mean age at diagnosis was 49.5 years,. 224 (56.3%) were male and 174 (43.7%) female (male/female ratio = 1.3:1).332/398 patients received surgical treatment, whereas 66 patients were excluded from surgical treatment and received primary radio (chemo) therapy after biopsy. Tongue carcinoma patients treated by non surgical treatment modalities had 5 years survival rate of 45.5% and patients with surgical intervention had survival rate of 96.1%. We recommend categorical bilateral neck dissection in order to reliably remove occult lymph node metastases. Adjuvant treatment modalities should be applied more frequently in controlled clinical trials and should generally be implemented in cases with unclear margins and lymphatic spread. This study provides modern treatment strategies for the tongue carcinoma.
    Head & Neck Oncology 09/2011; 3:43. · 3.13 Impact Factor

Publication Stats

987 Citations
239.44 Total Impact Points


  • 2008–2014
    • Hannover Medical School
      • • Clinic for Cranio-Maxillo-Facial Surgery
      • • Center of Dental, Oral and Maxillofacial Science
      Hanover, Lower Saxony, Germany
  • 2009–2010
    • Center For Oral & Maxillofacial Surgery
      Georgia, United States
  • 1996–2010
    • Universität des Saarlandes
      • • Institut für Medizinische Mikrobiologie und Hygiene
      • • Institut für Klinisch-Experimentelle Chirurgie
      Saarbrücken, Saarland, Germany
  • 2008–2009
    • Bundeswehrzentralkrankenhaus Koblenz
      Coblenz, Rheinland-Pfalz, Germany
  • 2006
    • Universitätsklinikum Freiburg
      • Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery Clinic
      Freiburg, Lower Saxony, Germany
  • 1998
    • Deutsche Gesellschaft für Mund-, Kiefer- und Gesichtschirurgie e.V.
      Homburg, Saarland, Germany