Maryvonne Baudouin-Legros

Université René Descartes - Paris 5, Lutetia Parisorum, Île-de-France, France

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Publications (27)97.8 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: Prostaglandins, the products of arachidonic acid release and oxidation by phospholipase A(2) and cyclooxygenases (COX) 1 and 2 respectively, are known as important inflammation mediators. However, their diversity in structure, properties and cell specificity make their physiological function difficult to define. In the lung, the prostaglandin D(2) (PGD(2)) metabolite 15d-PGJ(2) is known to modulate the properties of a large number of intracellular compounds, leading to both pro- and anti-inflammatory effects. In the lung, the serous sub-mucosal glands, that strongly express CFTR (cystic fibrosis transmembrane conductance regulator), play an important role in the defence against inflammation, and their derivatives Calu-3 cells are largely used in in vitro experiments. The present study was undertaken to determine whether the PGD synthase-PGD(2)-15d-PGJ(2) pathway is active in Calu-3 cells, and whether its activity requires a functional CFTR. Both cellular and released PGD(2) and 15d-PGJ(2) were measured in cells treated with CFTR inhibitors and stimulated or not with inflammatory IL-1β. Pretreatment with either CFTR(inh172) or GlyH101 inhibitors decreased the basal cell content of both prostaglandins, and so did acute stimulation with IL-1β, but the latter was dramatically reversed in CFTR(inh172)-treated cells. CFTR(inh172) also altered the release of inflammation mediators PGE(2) and IL-8, and this effect was blunted by exogenous 15d-PGJ(2). CFTR(inh172)-induced modulation of 15d-PGJ(2) cellular content was not detected in CFTR-silenced Calu-3 cells, but it was reproduced in pulmonary CFBE41o-cells, which express F508del-CFTR. These results show that cellular 15d-PGJ(2) production, which controls PGE(2) and IL-8 release, is disturbed by CFTR dysfunction. In Calu-3 cells, 15d-PGJ(2) production resulted from COX-2-regulated COX-1 activation, while CFTR(inh172)-induced alteration of 15d-PGJ(2) synthesis involved both decreased expression of PGD synthase and disturbed relationships between both COXs. CFTR-mediated regulation of PGD synthase-PGD(2)-15d-PGJ(2) pathway and cellular 15d-PGJ(2) effects may involve a large number of molecular reactive pathways. Their exploration should help understand the development of CF inflammation and might bring new perspectives in its treatment.
    The international journal of biochemistry & cell biology 03/2012; 44(6):1009-18. · 4.89 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Nasal polyposis, a chronic inflammatory disease affecting the upper airways, is a valuable and accessible model to investigate the mechanisms underlying chronic inflammation. The main objective of this study was to investigate a potential involvement of the unfolded protein response (UPR) in the context of oxidative stress and inflammation in nasal epithelial cells from nasal polyps (NP). Epithelial cells from NP (n = 20) and normal mucosa (Controls, n = 15) in primary culture were analyzed by global proteomic approach and cell biology techniques for the glucose-regulated protein 78 (GRP78), the spliced X-box-binding protein 1 (sXBP-1), the glucose-regulated protein 94 (GRP94), and the calreticulin (immunoblot, mass spectrometry, immunocytochemistry). Proteomics analysis of human nasal epithelial cells in culture revealed the activation of the unfolded protein response in NP. Systematic cell biology and biochemical analysis of two markers (GRP78, sXBP-1) in the presence and absence of oxidative stress in NP showed a susceptibility of the unfolded protein response to oxidative stress compared to controls at least partially linked to an abnormal redox state of the protein disulfide-isomerase 4. This unfolded protein response was correlated with mitochondrial depolarization and secretion of interleukin 8 (IL-8) and leukotriene B4 (LTB4) and was prevented by mitochondrial antioxidant. We show the existence of UPR in nasal epithelial cells that is linked to oxidative stress leading to IL-8 and LTB4 secretions. These mechanisms may participate in chronic inflammation in nasal polyposis.
    Allergy 12/2011; 67(3):403-12. · 6.00 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Cystic fibrosis (CF), a multisystem disease caused by CFTR (cystic fibrosis transmembrane conductance regulator) gene mutations, is associated with an abnormal inflammatory response and compromised redox homeostasis in the airways. Recent evidence suggests that dysfunctional CFTR leads to redox imbalance and to mitochondrial reduced glutathione (mtGSH) depletion in CF models. This study was designed to investigate the consequences of mtGSH depletion on mitochondrial function and inflammatory response. mtGSH depletion was confirmed in colonic epithelium of CFTR-null mice and in CFTR-mutated human epithelial cells. GSH uptake experiments performed on isolated mitochondria suggest that mtGSH depletion is not due to a defective GSH transport capacity by CF mitochondria, despite the decreased expression of two mtGSH carriers, oxoglutarate carrier and dicarboxylate carrier. CM-H(2)DCFDA [5 (and 6)-chloromethyl-2',7'-dichlorodihydrofluorescein diacetate, acetyl ester] fluorescence and aconitase activity showed an increase in reactive oxygen species levels in CFTR-defective cells and a pro-oxidative environment within CF mitochondria. The activities of respiratory chain complexes were further examined. Results showed a selective loss of Complex I (CI) function in CF models associated with an altered mitochondrial membrane potential (Δψ(m)). CI analysis showed normal expression but an overoxidation of its NADH-ubiquinone oxidoreductase Fe-S protein 1 subunit. GSH monoethyl ester (GSH-EE) significantly enhanced mtGSH levels in the IB3-1/C38 model and reversed CI inhibition, suggesting that mtGSH depletion is responsible for the loss of CI activity. Furthermore, GSH-EE attenuated Δψ(m) depolarization and restored normal IL-8 secretion by CFTR-defective cells. These studies provide evidence for a critical role of a mtGSH defect in mitochondrial dysfunction and abnormal IL-8 secretion in CF cells and reveal the therapeutic potential of mitochondria-targeted antioxidants in CF.
    Human Molecular Genetics 07/2011; 20(14):2745-59. · 6.68 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The antiinflammatory protein annexin-1 (ANXA1) and the adaptor S100A10 (p11), inhibit cytosolic phospholipase A2 (cPLA2alpha) by direct interaction. Since the latter is responsible for the cleavage of arachidonic acid at membrane phospholipids, all three proteins modulate eicosanoid production. We have previously shown the association of ANXA1 expression with that of CFTR, the multifactorial protein mutated in cystic fibrosis. This could in part account for the abnormal inflammatory status characteristic of this disease. We postulated that CFTR participates in the regulation of eicosanoid release by direct interaction with a complex containing ANXA1, p11 and cPLA2alpha. We first analyzed by plasmon surface resonance the in vitro binding of CFTR to the three proteins. A significant interaction between p11 and the NBD1 domain of CFTR was found. We observed in Calu-3 cells a rapid and partial redistribution of all four proteins in detergent resistant membranes (DRM) induced by TNF-alpha. This was concomitant with increased IL-8 synthesis and cPLA2alpha activation, ultimately resulting in eicosanoid (PGE2 and LTB4) overproduction. DRM destabilizing agent methyl-beta-cyclodextrin induced further cPLA2alpha activation and eicosanoid release, but inhibited IL-8 synthesis. We tested in parallel the effect of short exposure of cells to CFTR inhibitors Inh172 and Gly-101. Both inhibitors induced a rapid increase in eicosanoid production. Longer exposure to Inh172 did not increase further eicosanoid release, but inhibited TNF-alpha-induced relocalization to DRM. These results show that (i) CFTR may form a complex with cPLA2alpha and ANXA1 via interaction with p11, (ii) CFTR inhibition and DRM disruption induce eicosanoid synthesis, and (iii) suggest that the putative cPLA2/ANXA1/p11/CFTR complex may participate in the modulation of the TNF-alpha-induced production of eicosanoids, pointing to the importance of membrane composition and CFTR function in the regulation of inflammation mediator synthesis.
    PLoS ONE 10/2009; 4(10):e7116. · 3.53 Impact Factor
  • Journal of Cystic Fibrosis 06/2009; 8. · 3.82 Impact Factor
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    M. Baudouin-Legros, M. Kelly, M. Ollero, A. Edelman
    Journal of Cystic Fibrosis 06/2009; 8. · 3.82 Impact Factor
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    Journal of Cystic Fibrosis 06/2009; 8. · 3.82 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The CFTR protein, encoded by the gene whose mutations induce Cystic Fibrosis, is an anion channel devoted mainly to chloride and bicarbonate transmembrane transport, but which also regulates transport of several other ions. Moreover, it is implicated in the cell response to inflammation, and, reciprocally, cftr gene expression is modulated by inflammatory stimuli and transduction pathways. Looking for a control of CFTR expression by ionic conditions, we investigated the effect of altered extracellular bicarbonate ion concentration on CFTR expression in human pulmonary Calu-3 cells. We found that basal cftr gene transcription is enhanced when extracellular HCO(3)(-) concentration increases from 0 to 25 mmol/l. The transduction pathway controlled by these extracellular [HCO(3)(-)] variations includes cAMP production linked to the stimulation of soluble adenylyl cyclase (sAC), and nuclear accumulation of the transcription factor, CREB. Basal membrane content in CFTR protein exhibits the same variations as cftr mRNA in cells incubated in the presence of extracellular [HCO(3)(-)] between 0 and 25 mmol/l, and is also decreased by inhibiting sAC in the presence of HCO(3)(-). These results show that bicarbonate-controlled sAC stimulation must be taken into account in cell physiology and that basal CFTR expression depends on an ionic parameter.
    Cellular Physiology and Biochemistry 02/2008; 21(1-3):75-86. · 3.55 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: ClC-2 is a broadly expressed member of the voltage-gated ClC chloride channel family. In this study, we aimed to evaluate the role of the membrane lipid environment in ClC-2 function, and in particular the effect of cholesterol and ClC-2 distribution in membrane microdomains. Detergent-resistant and detergent-soluble microdomains (DSM) were isolated from stably transfected HEK293 cells by a discontinuous OptiPrep gradient. ClC-2 was found concentrated in detergent-insoluble membranes in basal conditions and relocalized to DSM upon cholesterol depletion by methyl-beta-cyclodextrin. As assessed by patch clamp recordings, relocalization was accompanied by acceleration of the activation kinetics of the channel. A similar distribution and activation pattern were obtained when cells were treated with the oxidant tert-butyl hydroperoxide and after ATP depletion. In both cases activation was prevented by cholesterol enrichment of cells. We conclude that the cholesterol environment regulates ClC-2 activity, and we provide evidence that the increase in ClC-2 activity in response to acute oxidative or metabolic stress involves relocalization of this channel to DSM.
    Journal of Biological Chemistry 02/2007; 282(4):2423-32. · 4.60 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The most common mutation in the cystic fibrosis transmembrane conductance regulator (CFTR) gene, DeltaF508, causes retention of DeltaF508-CFTR in the endoplasmic reticulum and leads to the absence of CFTR Cl(-) channels in the plasma membrane. DeltaF508-CFTR retains some Cl(-) channel activity so increased expression of DeltaF508-CFTR in the plasma membrane can restore Cl(-) secretion deficiency. Recently, curcumin was shown to rescue DeltaF508-CFTR localization and function. In our previous work, the keratin 18 (K18) network was implicated in DeltaF508-CFTR trafficking. Here, we hypothesized that curcumin could restore a functional DeltaF508-CFTR to the plasma membrane acting via the K18 network. First, we analyzed the effects of curcumin on the localization of DeltaF508-CFTR in different cell lines (HeLa cells stably transfected with wild-type CFTR or DeltaF508-CFTR, CALU-3 cells, or cystic fibrosis pancreatic epithelial cells CFPAC-1) and found that it was significantly delocalized toward the plasma membrane in DeltaF508-CFTR-expressing cells. We also performed a functional assay for the CFTR chloride channel in CFPAC-1 cells treated or not with curcumin and detected an increase in a cAMP-dependent chloride efflux in treated DeltaF508-CFTR-expressing cells. The K18 network then was analyzed by immunocytochemistry and immunoblot exclusively in curcumin-treated or untreated CFPAC-1 cells because of their endogenic DeltaF508-CFTR expression. After curcumin treatment, we observed a remodeling of the K18 network and a significant increase in K18 Ser52 phosphorylation, a site directly implicated in the reorganization of intermediate filaments. With these results, we propose that K18 as a new therapeutic target and curcumin, and/or its analogs, might be considered as potential therapeutic agents for cystic fibrosis.
    Journal of Pharmacology and Experimental Therapeutics 06/2006; 317(2):500-5. · 3.86 Impact Factor
  • Nephron Physiol; 05/2006
  • Journal of Cystic fibrosis; 01/2006
  • M. Baudouin-Legros, A. Ghoul, E. Borot, A. Edelman
    Journal of Cystic Fibrosis 01/2006; 5. · 3.82 Impact Factor
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    Journal of Cystic Fibrosis 01/2006; 5. · 3.82 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Expression of the cystic fibrosis (CF) transmembrane conductance regulator (CFTR) gene, which contains the mutations responsible for CF, is regulated by cytokines (TNF-alpha and IL-1beta) in a cell-specific manner. TNF-alpha decreases CFTR mRNA in human colon cell lines (HT-29), but not in pulmonary cell lines (Calu-3), and IL-1beta increases it only in Calu-3 cells. We looked for the cytokine-induced posttranscriptional regulation of CFTR gene expression and studied the modulation of CFTR mRNA stability linked to its 3' untranslated sequence (3'UTR) in HT-29 and Calu-3 cells. The stability of CFTR mRNA was analyzed by Northern blot after in vitro incubation of total RNAs from CFTR-expressing cells with cytosolic proteins extracted from control or cytokine-treated HT-29 and Calu-3 cells. CFTR mRNA was degraded only by extracts of TNF-alpha-treated HT-29 cells and not by cytosolic proteins from untreated or IL-1beta-treated HT-29 cells. In contrast, extracts of untreated Calu-3 cells enhanced CFTR mRNA degradation, and IL-1beta treatment inhibited this; TNF-alpha had no significant effect. The 3'UTR part of CFTR mRNA was found to be required for this posttranscriptional regulation. The 5' part of the 3'UTR (the 217 first bases), which contains two AUUUA sequences, was implicated in CFTR mRNA destabilization and the following 136 bases, containing several C-repeats in U-rich environment, in its protection. The proteins, which reacted with the U- and C-repeats of CFTR mRNA 3'UTR, were mainly controlled by stimulation of the p42/p44 and p38 MAP kinase cascades with interaction between these pathways. This posttranscriptional control of gene expression is a common feature of CFTR and many proteins of inflammation.
    AJP Cell Physiology 12/2005; 289(5):C1240-50. · 3.67 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: We have previously shown that ouabain, which changes the electrochemical properties of cell membranes by inhibiting Na(+),K(+)-ATPase, induces the expression of multidrug resistance (MDR-1) gene in several human cell lines. Because the expressions of the MDR-1 and CFTR (which encodes the cAMP-activated Cl(-) channel associated with cystic fibrosis) genes are physiologically regulated in opposing directions, we wanted to determine whether ouabain also decreases CFTR transcripts and subsequently to analyze its mechanism of action. We found that the submicromolar concentrations of ouabain that increase MDR-1 mRNAs decrease the CFTR transcripts with analogous time-dependency in human pulmonary Calu-3 cells. By altering or reproducing the ouabain-induced changes in intracellular ionic activities (decreasing in external Na(+) or K(+) or using Na(+) ionophore), we show that the ouabain-induced regulations of both CFTR and MDR-1 transcripts depend on the Na(+)/K(+) pump inhibition but that the decrease in CFTR mRNAs also proceeds from cytoplasm reactions simultaneously activated by ouabain. These data, which emphasize the complex mechanism of action of ouabain, suggest that changes in intracellular ionic activities modulate CFTR/MDR-1 gene expressions.
    AJP Cell Physiology 04/2003; 284(3):C620-6. · 3.67 Impact Factor
  • Journal of Cystic Fibrosis; 01/2003
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    ABSTRACT: Inflammation of the airways is a major feature of the inherited disease cystic fibrosis. Previous studies have shown that the pro-inflammatory cytokines tumor necrosis factor alpha and interferon gamma reduce the expression of the cystic fibrosis transmembrane conductance regulator (CFTR) gene (CFTR) in HT-29 and T84 cells by acting post-transcriptionally. We have investigated the effect of the pro-inflammatory peptide interleukin 1beta (IL-1beta) on the expression of the CFTR in Calu-3 cells. IL-1beta increased the production of CFTR mRNA in a dose- and time-dependent manner. Its action was inhibited by inhibitors of the NF-kappaB pathway, including N-acetyl-l-cysteine, pyrrolidine dithiocarbamate, and a synthetic cell-permeable peptide containing the NF-kappaB nuclear localization signal sequence. Gel shift analysis showed that IL-1beta activated NF-kappaB in Calu-3 cells, and transfection experiments using p50 and RelA expressing vectors showed that exogenous transfected NF-kappaB subunits increased the concentration of CFTR mRNA. Gel shift analysis with antibody supershifting also showed that IL-1beta caused the binding of NF-kappaB to a kappaB-like response element at position -1103 to -1093 in the CFTR 5'-flanking region. Transfection experiments using -2150 to +52 CFTR reporter gene constructs showed that the activity of the CFTR promoter is enhanced by exogenous transfected NF-kappaB and IL-1beta and that this enhancement is due, at least in part, to the -1103 to -1093 kappaB site. We conclude that the intracellular signaling that leads to increased CFTR mRNA in response to IL-1beta in Calu-3 cells includes the binding of NF-kappaB to the -1103 kappaB element and a subsequent increase in CFTR promoter activity.
    Journal of Biological Chemistry 04/2001; 276(12):9486-91. · 4.60 Impact Factor
  • F Brouillard, D Tondelier, A Edelman, M Baudouin-Legros
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    ABSTRACT: The inhibition of the Na+/K+-ATPase by cardiotonic drugs like ouabain deeply perturbs both the properties of the cell membrane and the ionic composition of the cytoplasm and hence alters fundamental cell reactions. These three types of reactions may be involved in the stimulation of multidrug resistance 1 (MDR-1) gene expression and the synthesis of permeability glycoprotein [P-glycoprotein (P-gp)]. We have determined whether ouabain, which binds to an extracellular motif of the Na+/K+-ATPase, stimulates MDR-1 gene expression by measuring both mRNA and protein and whether the resulting P-gp extrudes hydrophobic compounds and causes resistance to antimitotic agents. The experiments were performed on Calu-3 cells, a human cell line from a pulmonary carcinoma. Northern blotting showed that treating the cells with submicromolar concentrations of ouabain stimulated MDR-1 gene expression within 24 h. The ouabain-induced stimulation of MDR-1 expression was not restricted to Calu-3 cells but also occurred in human carcinomatous colon (T-84 and HT-29) and hepatic (H7V3) cells. However, it is not ubiquitous because it was not found in HeLa cells. The stimulation was reproduced by other Na+/K+-ATPase inhibitors and occurred via enhanced gene transcription, apparently due to the increased cytosolic calcium concentration. Ouabain also increased the membrane content of P-gp, as detected by immunoblotting and immunohistology. We have developed a microvideo assay based on the properties of acetoxymethyl ester calcein and calcein to show that this P-gp extruded the hydrophobic acetoxymethyl ester calcein. Ouabain also caused the Calu-3 cells to become resistant to doxorubicin and vinblastine. Thus, although ouabain acts extracellularly, it may stimulate MDR-1 gene expression and P-gp synthesis and make cells resistant to hydrophobic cytotoxic compounds.
    Cancer Research 03/2001; 61(4):1693-8. · 9.28 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Hypertonicity has pleiotropic effects on cell function, including activation of transporters and regulation of gene expression. It is important to investigate the action of hypertonicity on cystic fibrosis gene expression because cystic fibrosis transmembrane conductance regulator (CFTR), the cAMP-regulated Cl(-) channel, regulates ion transport across the secretory epithelia, which are often in a hypertonic environment. We found that adding >150 mosmol/l NaCl, urea, or mannitol to the culture medium reduced the amount of CFTR mRNA in colon-derived HT-29 cells in a time-dependent manner. Studies with inhibitors of various kinases [H-89 (protein kinase A inhibitor), bisindolylmaleimide (protein kinase C inhibitor), staurosporine (serine/threonine kinase inhibitor) and herbimycin A (tyrosine kinase inhibitor), SB-203580 and PD-098059 (mitogen-activated protein kinase inhibitors)] showed that CFTR gene expression and its decrease by added NaCl required p38 kinase cascade activity. The CFTR gene activity is regulated at the transcriptional level, since adding NaCl diminished the luciferase activity of HeLa cells transiently transfected with the CFTR promoter. This regulation requires protein synthesis. The complexity of the reactions involved in blocking CFTR gene transcription by NaCl strongly suggests that the decrease in CFTR mRNA is part of a general cell response to hyperosmolar stress.
    AJP Cell Physiology 02/2000; 278(1):C49-56. · 3.67 Impact Factor

Publication Stats

232 Citations
97.80 Total Impact Points

Institutions

  • 2007–2012
    • Université René Descartes - Paris 5
      • Faculté de Médecine
      Lutetia Parisorum, Île-de-France, France
  • 2011
    • Unité Inserm U1077
      Caen, Lower Normandy, France
  • 2009–2011
    • Université Paris Descartes
      • Faculté de Médecine
      Lutetia Parisorum, Île-de-France, France
  • 1995–2005
    • French Institute of Health and Medical Research
      Lutetia Parisorum, Île-de-France, France