[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Metal/semiconductor interfaces govern the operation of semiconductor devices
through the formation of charge injection barriers that can be controlled by
tuning the metal work function. However, the controlling ability is typically
limited to being static. We show that a dynamic nature can be imparted to the
interfaces using electrode surface modification with a structurally disordered
molecular monolayer. The barrier height at the interfaces is altered
significantly in a reversible way by an external electric field. As a result, a
dramatic change in the carrier transport properties through the interfaces is
observed, such as a reversible polarity reversion of
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Polycyclic aromatic compounds are an important group of substances in chemistry, and the study of their properties is a subject of interest in the development of drugs and materials. We have been conducting studies to develop chiral polycyclic aromatic compounds, i.e., helicenes and equatorenes. These helical molecules showed notable aggregate-forming properties and the capability for chiral recognition exerted by noncovalent bond interactions, which were not observed in compounds with central chirality. Homo- and hetero-double-helix-forming helicene oligomers were developed, and the latter self-assembled to form gels and vesicles. In this article, we describe such hierarchical studies of polycyclic aromatic compounds, which were started from polyketide aldol synthesis.
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Sulfonamidohelicene oligomers up to the nonamer level were synthesized by the repeated coupling reactions of a building block. A tetramer formed a helix dimer in 1,3-difluorobenzene, which unfolded to a random coil with heating. This structural change exhibited thermal hysteresis in which different thermal responses were observed in the course of temperature increase and decrease. The feature of the hysteresis was examined under different heating/cooling modes, and the mechanisms are discussed on the basis of the population change and the presence of an induction period. A proposal regarding the use of thermal hysteresis for sensing a temperature increase/decrease is also given.
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: An (amido-ethynyl)helicene bidomain compound and an (amido-ethynyl-amido)helicene tridomain compound were synthesized. The multidomain compounds were designed on the basis of previous findings that amido and ethynyl oligomers form dimeric aggregates with properties orthogonal to each other. Four aggregate states of multidomain compounds, namely, all-dimer, amido-dimer, ethynyl-dimer, and random-coil states, were obtained in different solvents, which were analyzed by circular dichroism (CD), UV/Vis, (1) H NMR, and IR spectroscopy; vapor pressure osmometry (VPO); dynamic light scattering (DLS); and atomic force microscopy (AFM). The amido and ethynyl domains independently aggregated and disaggregated in a two-state manner. Reversible structural changes occurred for a tridomain compound between the ethynyl-dimer/random-coil state and the all-dimer/amido-dimer state with heating and cooling. Two structural change processes with different properties were obtained using a single compound.
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: A methodology for the formation of fibers/gels and vesicles by molecular assembly and for controlling their properties is presented. Two-component systems of pentamer (P)-5 and tetramer (M)-4 pseudoenantiomeric ethynylhelicenes with decyloxycarbonyl (D) and 4-methyl-2-(2-methylpropyl)-1-pentyloxycarbonyl (bD) side-chains have been examined. Distinct aggregates were formed by changing the solvent for the three combinations of (P)-bD-5/(M)-bD-4, (P)-D-5/(M)-bD-4, and (P)-D-5/(M)-D-4. In toluene, (P)-bD-5/(M)-bD-4, (P)-D-5/(M)-bD-4, and (P)-D-5/(M)-D-4 all formed gels and fibrous assemblies were observed by AFM. The minimum gel-forming concentration (MGC) decreased in the order (P)-bD-5/(M)-bD-4>(P)-D-5/(M)-bD-4>(P)-D-5/(M)-D-4. In diethyl ether, vesicular formation was observed by dynamic light scattering (DLS), AFM, and TEM, and the size of the vesicles decreased in the order (P)-bD-5/(M)-bD-4>(P)-D-5/(M)-bD-4>(P)-D-5/(M)-D-4. Both fiber/gel and vesicle formation were accompanied by enhanced CDs and redshifted UV/Vis absorption bands with a change in color to deep yellow. These are novel two-component oligomeric systems that form assemblies of fibers/gels or vesicles depending on the solvent, and the structures and properties of the assemblies can be fine-tuned by changing the combination of oligomers. In m-difluorobenzene, a homogeneous solution was obtained with (P)-D-5/(M)-bD-4, which again exhibits enhanced CDs and redshifted UV/Vis absorptions. Vapor pressure osmometry analysis showed the formation of a bimolecular heteroaggregate. The study has indicated that pseudoenantiomeric oligomers form hetero-double-helices that hierarchically assemble to form fibers/gels and vesicles.
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Organic gel-liquid two-layer systems were constructed by two-liquid-ultrasonication-diffusion-controlled gelation using the chiral aminohydroxyhelicene derivative (M)-1. Gelation took place by the diffusion of (M)-1 and THF from the bottom layer to the upper hexane layer. This method provided multilayer liquid-gel systems.
Chemical Communications 05/2012; 48(49):6139-41. · 6.38 Impact Factor
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: In the presence of gold(I)-phosphine catalysts, alkenyl- and arylsilanes undergo intramolecular cyclisation reactions onto appendant alkyne moieties to afford 1-silaindene derivatives. The reaction pathways vary depending on the substituent on silicon.
Chemical Communications 07/2011; 47(30):8697-9. · 6.38 Impact Factor
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Three series of ethynylhelicene oligomers with different side chains were synthesized: (P)-bD-n (n = 2-6) with branched alkyloxycarbonyl side chains; (P)-S-n (n = 2-7) with decylsulfanyl side chains; and (P)-DF-n (n = 4, 6, 8, 10) with alternating decyloxycarbonyl and perfluorooctyl side chains. The double helix formation of these side chain derivatives was compared to that of (P)-D-n with decyloxycarbonyl side chains. CD, UV-vis, and vapor pressure osmometry (VPO) studies showed that (P)-bD-n formed double helices as well as (P)-D-n. CD studies in trifluoromethylbenzene at different temperatures and concentrations indicated that the stability of the aggregate of (P)-bD-6 was similar to that of (P)-D-6. Bulkiness of side chains had little effect on aggregation, which indicated that π-π interactions of the aromatic moiety were essential for double helix formation. (P)-S-n were random coils in all solvents examined except in trifluoromethylbenzene. Whereas (P)-D-7 formed a double helix at 1 × 10(-3) M in toluene, (P)-S-7 was a random coil. This result indicated that the double helix forming ability of (P)-S-n was substantially lower than that of (P)-D-n. Based on the previous observation that (P)-F-n formed a more stable double helix than (P)-D-n, the order of stability may be summarized as follows: (P)-F-n > (P)-D-n and (P)-bD-n >(P)-S-n. The lower stability of (P)-S-n compared to that of (P)-F-n was ascribed to the softness and/or the electron-rich nature at the m-phenylene moiety. (P)-DF-n did not form a stable double helix. It was speculated that a regular alternating arrangement of soft/hard or electron-rich/deficient moieties is important for stable double helix formation. Side chains of ethynylhelicene oligomers can play significant roles in determining the stability of double helices.
The Journal of Organic Chemistry 06/2011; 76(12):4841-58. · 4.56 Impact Factor
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The reverse amidohelicene (P)-tetramer containing (P)-helicenediamine and m-phenylenedicarboxylate was synthesized. The circular dichroism (CD) and vapor pressure osmometry (VPO) analysis revealed the dimeric aggregate formation in THF. It is notable that the reverse amide tetramer formed a duplex, as well as the original amidohelicene oligomers. In various solutions, mixtures of the reverse (P)-tetramer and amidohelicene (P)/(M)-tetramer formed homoaggregates instead of heteroaggregates.
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: 3-(2-Hydroxyphenyl)cyclobutanones react with aryl bromides in the presence of palladium catalysts to afford 4-arylmethyl-3,4-dihydrocoumarins in high yields through a sequence involving carbon-carbon bond cleavage and formation. In the case of the reaction with 2-(2-hydroxyphenyl)cyclobutanones, five- or seven-membered lactones were produced depending on the presence of an additional substituent at the 2-position.
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: [Structure: see text] A chiral all-carbon benzylic quaternary carbon center is created by the asymmetric intramolecular addition/ring-opening reaction of a boryl-substituted cyclobutanone, which involves enantioselective beta-carbon elimination from a symmetrical rhodium cyclobutanolate. The asymmetric reaction was successfully applied to a synthesis of sesquiterpene, (-)-alpha-herbertenol.