P Coumel

Centre Hospitalier Universitaire de Rennes, Roazhon, Brittany, France

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Publications (333)945.22 Total impact

  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Torsades de Pointes. Torsades de pointes are typically characterized by an ECG pattern of polymorphous but organized electrical activity of ventricular origin that occurs in the setting of a long QT interval, long-coupled bigeminy, and has specific precipitating causes and therapeutic responses. Torsades de pointes can result from congenital (adrenergic dependent) and acquired (pause dependent) factors and may have similar cardiac substrates with different precipitating events. (J Cardiovasc Electrophysiol, Vol. 3, pp. 281–292, June 1992)
    Journal of Cardiovascular Electrophysiology 10/2008; 3(3):281 - 292. · 3.48 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Background Full standardization of QT dispersion has not yet been established; the influence of lead combination is still disputed. This study evaluates the respective value of automated QTc dispersion in orthogonal (XYZ), quasi-orthogonal I-aVF-V2 (IF2), and 12-lead ECG configurations.Methods15-lead digitized ECG recordings were collected in 92 normal subjects and in 71 patients following myocardial infarction. Each lead was processed by an automatic algorithm. QT dispersion was assessed by the range of individual QT intervals, both corrected by Bazett's formula. QTc durations from all configurations were comparable (post-MI: 412 ± 27 vs 407 ± 29 msec for 12-lead and XYZ). Whatever the set of leads, QTc interval was longer in post-MI (in 12-lead, 412 ± 27 vs 397 ± 19 ms in normals, P < 0.001). QTc dispersion was larger on 12-lead (post-MI: 51 ± 19, 21 ± 13 and 28 ± 20 ms with 12-lead, XYZ and IF2); however, it was significantly larger in post-MI with all sets of leads (in XYZ, 21 ± 13 vs 9 ± 7 ms in normal subjects, P < 0.0001).Conclusion In conclusion, magnitude of QT dispersion depends on the set of leads considered; orthogonal configurations may still contain valuable prognostic information.
    Annals of Noninvasive Electrocardiology 10/2006; 4(2):167 - 175. · 1.08 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: A mere 25 years ago, the technique of external defibrillation became the starting point for the development of clinical electrophysiology by permitting routine use of endocavitary programmed electrical stimulation of the heart without undue risk. Major advances in knowledge of clinical arrhythmias and the understanding of their mechanisms were, thus, permitted. Mirowski's implanted defibrillator also constituted a major breakthrough therapeutically; unfortunately, however, some 10 years later, it has not yet induced similarly hoped for consequences in terms of progressing knowledge concerning lethal arrhythmias, largely due to the absence of Holter functions in the implanted devices. As a result of this, in our opinion, better established therapeutic indications are still needed. The reasons for the present situation, we believe, may be partly technical but are conceptual as well. The key point is that even the clear demonstration of the great practical efficacy of a therapeutic tool does not exempt us from the obligation of determining the mechanisms of this effect.
    Pacing and Clinical Electrophysiology 06/2006; 14(5):893 - 897. · 1.75 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The European Myocardial Infarct Amiodarone Trial (EMIAT) investigated the effects of amiodarone versus placebo in patients after myocardial infarction who had left ventricular ejection fraction </=40% and were </=75 years of age. The present substudy examined whether ventricular repolarization (VR) dynamicity could differentiate patients who died from cardiac death from their matched survivors in this EMIAT population. In addition, we assessed whether VR dynamicity could differentiate patients who died from arrhythmic cardiac death (ACD) and from non-ACD. VR dynamicity (determined from Holter's recordings at baseline) was compared before antiarrhythmic therapy in 118 patients who had cardiac death and 118 matched survivors according to age, gender, left ventricular ejection fraction, and subsequent administration or nonadministration of amiodarone. VR dynamicity was compared within the cardiac death group between the 59 patients who died from ACD and the 59 who died from non-ACD. VR dynamicity was expressed as the slope of the linear regression between QTo (measured automatically) and stable RR intervals. Patients who died were found to have a significant steeper rate dependence of QTo intervals during the 3 periods than their matched survivors. In multivariate analysis, the QTo/RR nocturnal interval appeared to be the best independent predictor of cardiac death. In addition, patients who died from ACD were found to have a significant steeper rate dependence of QTo intervals during the morning period than those who died from non-ACD. In the multivariate analysis, the QTo/RR morning interval remained the best independent predictor of ACD. Thus, in the EMIAT trial, evaluation of QT dynamicity is a strong predictor of cardiac death. In addition, QT dynamicity could predict the occurrence of ACD in cases of cardiac death.
    The American Journal of Cardiology 04/2005; 95(7):821-6. · 3.21 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: QT and Tp/Te intervals were longer in patients with LQT1 (n = 67) than in nonaffected subjects (n = 52) but did not differentiate symptomatic (n = 21) from asymptomatic patients (n = 46). At fast heart rate, the time to accumulate the last part of total T-wave area (the t50-97 interval) was longer in symptomatic carriers compared with asymptomatic patients (119 +/- 19 vs 106 +/- 15 ms, p <0.01). The latter group had significantly longer t50-97 intervals than nonaffected subjects (96 +/- 14 ms, p <0.01).
    The American Journal of Cardiology 03/2005; 95(3):406-9. · 3.21 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Inappropriate therapy due to noise oversensing caused a true ventricular fibrillation (VF) and death of a patient. A 49-year-old patient with a history of dilated cardiomyopathy received a double-chamber implantable cardioverter defibrillator (ICD) in 1991 for a sustained inducible ventricular tachycardia (VT). One appropriate shock delivered in 1994 terminated an episode of VT. The generator was replaced in 1995 and in 2000, and was connected to the initial leads. Three months after the second replacement, the patient received six consecutive shocks related to detection of noise interpreted as VF. Unfortunately, the sixth shock triggered a true VF, which was not treated due to end of the therapeutic sequence, and the patient died. The causes of the dysfunction are discussed.
    Journal of Cardiovascular Electrophysiology 09/2004; 15(8):953-6. · 3.48 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Mechanisms for thromboembolic complications during complex ablation procedures in left atrium (LA) have not been defined. The aim of this study was to determine the effect of the perfusion rate of the transseptal sheath on the incidence of thromboembolic complications during catheter ablation for atrial fibrillation (AF) or LA macroreentrant tachycardia. We analyzed clinical and procedural data from 86 consecutive patients (153 procedures) referred for catheter ablation of AF (74 patients) or LA macroreentrant tachycardia (12 patients). The transseptal sheath was continuously perfused at a low flow rate (3 mL/hour) for the first 32 patients and at a high flow rate (180 mL/hour) for the subsequent 54 patients. Ablation was mainly performed using map-guided isolation of pulmonary veins for AF and three-dimensional electroanatomic mapping for LA macroreentrant tachycardia. Five patients (6% of patients and 3.5% of procedures) developed a cerebral thromboembolic complication, all during procedures using low-flow perfusion. Sheath perfusion rate and total procedure duration were the two variables significantly associated with the occurrence of stroke (P = 0.013 and 0.001, respectively). After adjustment in a multivariable analysis, sheath perfusion rate remained the only risk factor for stroke. The risk was 17 times higher using low-flow than high-flow perfusion (odds ratio 17.26, 95% confidence interval 1.14-260.81, P = 0.04). No other clinical or procedural parameters had any significant effect. Sheath perfusion rate is an important determinant of the risk factor for stroke during complex LA ablation procedures. Continuous high-flow perfusion appears to be effective in preventing this complication.
    Journal of Cardiovascular Electrophysiology 04/2004; 15(3):276-83. · 3.48 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Risk-stratification of asymptomatic Brugada Syndrome (BS) patients remains a key-issue. A typical spontaneous BS-ECG pattern and ventricular tachycardia (VT)/ventricular fibrillation (VF) inducibility are two recognized risk markers. The aim of the study was to identify additional risk markers in asymptomatic BS. We have compared Holter recordings in symptomatic and in asymptomatic patients with BS. Heart rate variability (HRV), QT-interval rate-dependence and ST-segment elevation (ST-SE) were analysed. The study population included 47 BS patients (M=36, mean age=45+/-13 years) with a malignant ventricular arrhythmia in 11 cases, an unexplained syncope in 10 cases and no symptoms in the remaining 26 cases. A typical spontaneous BS-ECG was present in 21 cases and a drug-induced BS-ECG in 26 cases. A downward trend of the time domain variables of HRV was observed. During the nocturnal period, standard deviation (SD) of the 5min averaged NN intervals (SDANN) (46+/-13 vs 57+/-18ms, P=0.02) and ultra low frequency component (3287+/-2312 vs 5030+/-3270 ms(2), P=0.04) were significantly lower in symptomatic versus asymptomatic patients. In contrast, no difference was found in QT-interval rate dependence and in ST-SE. At multivariate logistic regression, VT/VF inducibility, typical spontaneous BS-ECG and a decreased nocturnal SDANN were associated with arrhythmic events (P=0.003). A decreased nocturnal SDANN was an independent marker of arrhythmic events in these BS patients.
    European Heart Journal 12/2003; 24(22):2061-9. · 14.10 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The implantable automatic defibrillator (IAD), invented in 1980, has revolutionised the management of patients with malignant ventricular arrhythmias resistant to medical treatment or ablation procedures. The number of devices implanted continues to increase in the industrialised countries and, based on the results of clinical trials, the indications for IAD are now well codified and increase as new clinical studies are published. However, the absolute number of implantations in France remains low (about 1200 to 2000, about 20 per million population) for a number of reasons: cost of IAD, absence of reimbursement by the health service which has restrained the implantation to public hospitals, and information of cardiologists for whom IAD may seem to be reserved for a few exceptional cases. Several factors suggest that the number of implantations will increase in the near future. First of all, the procedures of implantation have become much more simple due mainly to technical improvements. Then, the results of recent studies have validated prophylactic implantations of these devices in primary prevention in the post-infarction period (MADIT, MUSTT, MADIT II studies) and have demonstrated the superiority of IAD over antiarrhythmic drug therapy in terms of global survival in patients with severe ventricular arrhythmias (AVID, CIDS, CASH studies).
    Archives des maladies du coeur et des vaisseaux 06/2003; 96 Spec No 4:54-61. · 0.40 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The pharmacodynamic equivalence of flecainide acetate immediate-release (IR) and controlled-release (CR) formulations was assessed from QRS duration in patients currently treated with the IR formulation. Patients were blindly assigned randomly to the IR (100 mg BID, n = 25) or to the CR group (200 mg OD, n = 23). Electrocardiographic parameters were measured at baseline and at week 8 from 24-h Holter monitoring. Mean (SD) normalized flecainide trough plasma concentration (measured 12 h after last intake) at week 8 was 381.3 ng/ml (104.8) with the IR and 381.4 ng/ml (123.8) with the CR formulation. Hodges-Lehmann estimate (95% CI) of the difference between IR and CR for change in QRS duration between baseline and week 8 was 1.6% (-0.1; 3.7), indicating that the formulations were pharmacodynamically equivalent. Median QRS values (102 vs 100.1 ms at baseline; 103.15 vs 99 ms at week 8) as well as first and third quartiles were very similar in both groups. The correlation between QRS duration and RR classes at baseline was highly significant (P < 0.0001). Correlation coefficient at week 8 was statistically significant for > 50% of the patients and was significant in a greater proportion of patients under the IR compared with the CR formulation. Circadian hourly variations of QRS duration as determined by harmonic analysis showed the occurrence of a peak of QRS widening following each intake of the IR, whereas this pattern was not observed with the CR formulation. The latter results are consistent with a greater occurrence of frequency-dependent QRS variations over the 24-h period with the IR compared with the CR formulation.
    Journal of Cardiovascular Pharmacology 05/2003; 41(5):771-9. · 2.38 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The cardiac safety of a once-a-day 200 mg controlled-release formulation of flecainide acetate in the prevention of paroxysmal atrial fibrillation (PAF) was assessed in outpatients. The drug was administered for 24 weeks to 227 patients diagnosed with recurrent Paf episodes. Cardiac safety was assessed primarily by the maximum change from baseline in QRS duration. Changes in left ventricular function at echocardiography, incidence of proarrhythmic effects determined from ECG and Holter recordings and cardiovascular adverse events were also taken into account to assess cardiac safety. Efficacy was documented by actuarial methods. Mean maximum QRS increase from baseline was 11.4% (n = 181); QRS increase was < 15% in 71.8% of the patients and > or = 25% in 18.8%. Only 4 patients had maximum QRS value > 100 ms under treatment. Left ventricular ejection fraction remained within +/- 20% of baseline for 90% of the patients, increased above 20% for 8.6% and decrease below 30% for 1.4% (n = 139). Bradycardia (13.2%; n = 129) and ventricular extrasystoles (10.6%; n = 104) were the most frequently identified proarrhythmic effects. Atrio-ventricular block (4.0%), supra-ventricular tachycardia (2.2%), bundle branch block (1.8%) and atrial fibrillation (1.3%) were the most frequent drug-related cardiac adverse events. Estimated treatment success rate was 74% (95% CI: [68%; 80%]) and the incidence of Paf episodes decreased from baseline 28.6% to 11.0% (P < 0.0001). We provided evidence for a good cardiac safety profile of the controlled-release formulation of flecainide acetate and confirmed the effectiveness of the drug in the prevention of PAF recurrences.
    Annales de Cardiologie et d Angéiologie 03/2003; 52(1):34-40. · 0.30 Impact Factor
  • Journal of Electrocardiology - J ELECTROCARDIOL. 01/2003; 36:109-110.
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    ABSTRACT: Although well established on the sinus node, the effects of beta-blockade on ventricular repolarization are still conflicting. The aim of the study was to investigate the effects of a chronic beta-blockade on sinus node and repolarization parameters and their relationship. Sixteen healthy volunteers (10 males, mean age: 40 +/- 6.7 years) were randomized to placebo or atenolol (100 mg). After 7 days, subjects were crossed over. Heart rate (HR) and HRV indices were calculated from long-term ECG recordings separately during the day and at night, together with ventricular repolarization parameters (QT interval duration and QT rate-dependence). Mean R-R intervals were significantly and consistently increased after atenolol (Day: 916 +/- 103 ms vs. 712 +/- 89 ms, and Night: 1149 +/- 93 vs. 996 +/- 125 ms). HRV changes under atenolol were also consistent, with a significant decrease in sympathovagal ratio. In contrast, atenolol only lowered diurnal QT rate-dependence (0.123 +/- 0.032 vs. 0.190 +/- 0.065 on placebo, P < 0.001), but not the nocturnal pattern. After multivariate analysis QT rate-dependence changes induced by atenolol were correlated with pretreatment QT/RR relation (r = 0.65, P < 0.01) but not with any HR or HRV parameters. In healthy subjects, repolarization changes following chronic beta-blockade cannot be predicted by HR or HRV changes, but are dependent on pretreatment rate-dependence.
    Annals of Noninvasive Electrocardiology 10/2002; 7(4):379-88. · 1.08 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Prolongation of the QT interval and increased QT dispersion are associated with a poor cardiac prognosis. The goal of this study was to assess the long-term influence of the autonomic nervous system on the heart rate dependence of ventricular repolarization in patients with diabetic autonomic neuropathy (DAN). We studied 27 subjects (mean age 51.8 years) divided into three age- and sex-matched groups: nine control subjects, nine diabetic subjects with DAN (mostly at a mild stage; DAN+), and nine diabetic subjects without DAN (DAN-). DAN was assessed on heart rate variations during standard maneuvers (Valsalva, deep-breathing, and lying-to-standing maneuvers). No subject had coronary artery disease or left ventricular dysfunction or hypertrophy, and no subject was taking any drugs known to prolong the QT interval. All subjects underwent electrocardiogram and 24-h Holter recordings for heart rate variations (time and frequency domain) and QT analysis (selective beat averaging QT/RR relation, nocturnal QT lengthening). Rate-corrected QT intervals (Bazett formula) did not differ significantly between the three groups. The diurnal and nocturnal levels of low frequency/high frequency, an index of sympathovagal balance, were significantly reduced in DAN+ subjects. Using the selective beat-averaging technique, a day-night modulation of the QT/RR relation was evidenced in control and DAN- subjects. This long-term modulation was significantly different in DAN+ subjects, with a reversed day-night pattern and an increased nocturnal QT rate dependence. In diabetic patients with mild parasympathetic denervation, QT heart rate dependence was found to be impaired, as determined by noninvasive assessment using Holter data. Analysis of ventricular repolarization could represent a sensitive index of the progression of neuropathy. The potential prognostic impact of a reversed day-night pattern with steep nocturnal QT/RR relation still remains to be defined.
    Diabetes Care 06/2002; 25(5):918-23. · 7.74 Impact Factor
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    P Coumel
    European Heart Journal 04/2002; 23(6):431-3. · 14.10 Impact Factor
  • Philippe Coumel
    Cardiac Electrophysiology Review 03/2002; 6(1-2):93-5.
  • P Coumel, A A Wilde
    Circulation 09/2001; 104(7):845-7. · 15.20 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The objective was to test an effect of atenolol independent of heart rate on electrocardiographic RT rate adaptation by investigating RT adaptation during spontaneous rate and after an abrupt change of atrial rate (study of RT delay). Digital electrocardiograms were recorded from eight conscious dogs. Analysis of RT interval (measured from QRS apex to end of T) was performed on a beat-to-beat basis. The protocol was repeated in the control state and after atenolol administration (2 mg/kg). Regarding spontaneous heart rate, an increased or decreased RR duration did not modify the beat-to-beat relative adaptation of RT to a change of RR (2.15 +/- 1% during control). Atenolol increased mean RR (p < 0.001) and decreased relative adaptation of RT (0.22 +/- 0.18%, p < 0.001). The inverse correlation between mean RR and the relative RT adaptation (r = -0.76, p < 0.05) disappeared after atenolol administration. Regarding RT delay, complete adaptation of RT required 3 min; 48 +/- 16% of this adaptation was observed after the first beat and 60 +/- 11% was observed after the 20th. Atenolol attenuated this adaptation during the first six beats following the abrupt cycle length change (p < 0.05). We concluded that the attenuation of RT rate adaptation after atenolol is related to heart rate modulation and to the time delay in RT rate adaptation.
    Journal of Cardiovascular Pharmacology 08/2001; 38(1):1-10. · 2.38 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Long QT syndrome (LQTS) is a clinically and genetically heterogenous syndrome characterized by a lengthening of the QT interval on the surface ECG and a propensity to severe ventricular arrhythmias such as torsades de pointes and ventricular fibrillation, leading eventually to syncope and sudden death. This rare syndrome with a mendelian inheritance occurs in subjects with otherwise normal cardiac morphological examination. The potentially severe prognosis justifies a presymptomatic diagnosis. The genetic nature of the disease has been confirmed with the identification of at least six loci and five genes. This syndrome is a perfect illustration of an adrenergic-induced ventricular arrhythmia. The first-line treatment is a beta-blocking agent for all symptomatic patients. In addition, a number of drugs known to lengthen ventricular repolarization must be prohibited. In case of suspicion of LQTS, all family members should be tested both clinically with a surface ECG and genetically in order to diagnose presymptomatic patients.
    Archives de Pédiatrie 06/2001; 8(5):525-34. · 0.36 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The two genes which code for the potassium channels, KCNQ1 and HERG, are responsible for the most common forms of the long QT syndrome, LQT1 and LQT2. Abnormalities of duration and morphology of the ventricular repolarisation are amongst the diagnostic criteria of this syndrome. The morphology of the T waves was studied by 24 hour Holter monitoring in 190 subjects with a long QT syndrome due to KCNQ1 (LQT1) [N = 133] or HERG (N = 57) and in 100 controls, and it was compared with the ECG T wave. The T wave was characterised according to 3 morphological features: grade 0 (G0) = normal, grade 1 (G&) = slight ST depression and grade 2 (G2) = presence of ST elevation of the descending phase of the T wave. The T wave morphology on Holter ECG was normal for most LQT1 and control subjects compared with LQT2 (92%, 96% and 19% respectively, p < 0.01). Grade 1 appearances were observed more often in LQT2 (18 vs 8% for LQT1 and 4% for controls, p < 0.01). Grade 2 appearances were only observed in the cases of LQT2 (63%). The predictive factors of G2 were young age and an anti-sense mutation of the transmembrane domaines of HERG. The authors conclude that Holter monitoring improves detection of T wave changes compared with the ECG. Grade 2 changes seem to be a phenotype marker for a HERG mutation, especially those situated in the transmembrane domaines.
    Archives des maladies du coeur et des vaisseaux 05/2001; 94(5):470-8. · 0.40 Impact Factor

Publication Stats

6k Citations
945.22 Total Impact Points

Institutions

  • 2003
    • Centre Hospitalier Universitaire de Rennes
      Roazhon, Brittany, France
    • Centre Hospitalier Universitaire de Nancy
      Nancy, Lorraine, France
  • 1991–2002
    • Hôpital Ambroise Paré – Hôpitaux universitaires Paris Ile-de-France Ouest
      Billancourt, Île-de-France, France
  • 1998–2001
    • Hôpital Universitaire Robert Debré
      Lutetia Parisorum, Île-de-France, France
  • 1997–1999
    • Hôpital La Pitié Salpêtrière (Groupe Hospitalier "La Pitié Salpêtrière - Charles Foix")
      Lutetia Parisorum, Île-de-France, France
    • Hôpital Universitaire Necker
      Lutetia Parisorum, Île-de-France, France
  • 1991–1995
    • University of Milan
      Milano, Lombardy, Italy
  • 1990
    • Maastricht University
      Maestricht, Limburg, Netherlands