Pinar Isik Agras

T.C. Sağlık Bakanlığı Ankara Eğitim ve Araştırma Hastanesi, Engüri, Ankara, Turkey

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Publications (27)41.69 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: Nephropathy is a well-known complication of congenital heart disease (CHD), and the risk of developing renal impairment is particularly high in patients with cyanotic CHD. Most investigations of renal impairment in CHD have involved patients 20 years and older. This study investigated renal tubule function in pediatric patients with CHD, and compared findings in cyanotic and acyanotic groups. Twenty children with acyanotic CHD, 23 children with cyanotic CHD, and 13 healthy children were enrolled. Blood and early morning urine samples were collected from each subject to measure urinary concentrations of sodium, microalbumin, creatinine, beta(2)-microglobulin, and N-acetyl-beta-D-glucosaminidase (NAG). The age and sex distributions in the three groups were similar. Median fractional excretion of sodium (FeNa) and urinary NAG/creatinine were significantly higher in the cyanotic group than in the control group (p = 0.022 and p = 0.002, respectively). There were no statistically significant differences among the groups with respect to urinary beta(2)-microglobulin/creatinine, urinary microalbumin/creatinine or glomerular filtration rate. Tubular injury can be detected before glomerular injury occurs even within the first decade of life in patients with cyanotic CHD.
    Nephron Physiology 02/2005; 99(1):p10-5. · 1.57 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Immunoglobulin A (IgA) nephropathy is the most common form of primary glomerulonephritis worldwide, and approximately 20% to 30% of adult patients with the disorder develop chronic renal failure within 20 years. This type of nephropathy is also an important risk factor for chronic renal failure in children. The pathogenesis of IgA nephropathy is still unknown, and treatment remains controversial. Microscopic hematuria and recurrent episodes of macroscopic hematuria are the most common clinical manifestations of this condition in children. This article describes the case of a young girl who presented with steroid-resistant nephrotic syndrome unaccompanied by hematuria. Renal biopsy findings were consistent with IgA nephropathy. The patient's condition was a rare clinical manifestation of IgA nephropathy.
    Renal Failure 02/2005; 27(6):795-9. · 0.94 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Disturbances of coagulation and fibrinolysis have been reported in patients with chronic uremia. Studies of different coagulation and fibrinolysis parameters in regularly dialyzed patients have yielded conflicting results. Global fibrinolytic capacity (GFC) examines the function of the entire fibrinolytic system. This assay is a sensitive and reliable method for evaluating the fibrinolytic function of plasma in vitro. In this study, GFC was used as a screening test to investigate the effects of two different dialysis modalities on the fibrinolytic system on children on long-term dialysis. The study included 12 children (age range, 11-20 years; mean age, 15.9+/-3.3 years) who were undergoing regular hemodialysis (HD) and 12 children (age range, 10-15 years; mean age, 13.1+/-1.7 years) who were undergoing continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis (CAPD). Thirteen healthy age- and sex-matched subjects served as controls. Each sample was investigated for complete blood count and serum levels of C-reactive protein, serum electrolytes, total cholesterol, triglyceride, fibrinogen, total protein and albumin. A GFC assay was also done in each case. The mean GFC in the CAPD group was lower than that in the HD and control groups (p<0.05). There was no significant difference between the mean GFC values of HD patients and controls. The mean serum albumin level was lower in CAPD patients than in HD patients (p<0.05), and there was also a positive correlation between serum albumin level and GFC in patient groups(r=0.52, p<0.05). Global fibrinolytic capacity was positively correlated with hemoglobin level and negatively correlated with weekly erythropoietin dose per kg body weight (r=0.56 and r=-0.49, respectively; p<0.05). The results suggest that CAPD patients have decreased fibrinolytic capacity compared to HD patients. Hypoalbuminemia and erythropoietin treatment may contribute to suppression of fibrinolytic function CAPD patients.
    Thrombosis Research 01/2005; 115(3):185-9. · 3.13 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: We report on a 7-month-old boy with Micro syndrome who was referred for assessment of mental-motor retardation and reduced vision with cataract. The characteristics of Micro syndrome are mental retardation, microcephaly, congenital cataract, microcornea, microphthalmia, agenesis/hypoplasia of the corpus callosum, and hypogenitalism. The differential diagnosis includes cerebro-oculo-facio-skeletal syndrome (COFS); a syndrome involving cataract, arthrogryposis, microcephaly, and kyphoscoliosis (CAMAK); a syndrome with cataract, microcephaly, failure to thrive, and kyphoscoliosis (CAMFAK); Martsolf syndrome; Neu-Laxova syndrome; Lenz microphthalmia syndrome; and Smith-Lemli-Opitz syndrome. Till date, no renal malformations have been reported in Micro syndrome. Our patient had fusion of the lower poles of the kidneys and his left kidney was ectopic. Ocular findings are the most reliable neonatal diagnostic signs of Micro syndrome. Minör anomalies in Micro syndrome may be subtle and therefore not of significant diagnostic value. Micro syndrome is an autosomal recessive trait. Till date, most reported cases have been in individuals of Muslim origin. In countries with high rates of consanguineous marriage, such as Turkey, it is important that physicians be able to recognize this syndrome. Micro syndrome should be considered in any infant with congenital cataract.
    American Journal of Medical Genetics Part A 08/2004; 128A(3):232-4. · 2.30 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Acute renal failure (ARF) is a common problem in the neonatal intensive care unit (NICU). In most cases, ARF is associated with a primary condition such as sepsis, metabolic diseases, perinatal asphyxia and/or prematurity. This retrospective study investigated the course of illness, therapeutic interventions, early prognosis and risk factors associated with development of ARF in the neonatal period. A total of 1311 neonates were treated in our NICU during the 42-month study period, and 45 of these babies had ARF. This condition was defined as serum creatinine level above 1.5 mg/dL despite normal maternal renal function. The data collected for each ARF case were contributing condition, cause and clinical course of ARF, gestational age and birth weight, age at the time of diagnosis, treatment, presence of perinatal risk factors and need for mechanical ventilation. The frequency of ARF in the NICU during the study period was 3.4%. Premature newborns constituted 31.1% of the cases. The mean birth weight in the group was 2863 +/- 1082 g, and the mean age at diagnosis was 6.2 +/- 7.4 days. The causes of ARF were categorized as prerenal in 29 patients (64.4%), renal in 14 patients (31.1%) and postrenal in 2 patients (4.4%). Forty-seven percent of the cases were nonoliguric ARF. Asphyxia was the most common condition that contributed to ARF (40.0%), followed by sepsis/metabolic disease (22.2%) and feeding problems (17.8%). Therapeutic interventions were supportive in 77.8% of the cases, and dialysis was required in the other 22.2%. The mortality rate in the 45 ARF cases was 24.4%. Acute renal failure of renal origin, need for dialysis, and need for mechanical ventilation were associated with significantly increased mortality (p<0.05). There were no statistical correlations between mortality rate and perinatal risk factors, oliguria, prematurity or blood urea nitrogen and creatinine levels. The study showed that, at our institution, ARF in the neonatal period is frequently associated with preventable conditions, specifically asphyxia, sepsis and feeding problems. Supportive therapy is effective in most cases of neonatal ARF. Acute renal failure of renal origin, need for dialysis, and need for mechanical ventilation were identified as indicators of poor prognosis in these infants. Early recognition of risk factors and rapid effective treatment of contributing conditions will reduce mortality in neonatal ARF.
    Renal Failure 05/2004; 26(3):305-9. · 0.94 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: In this prospective study, the effect of calcitriol therapy on bone mineral density and osteopenia in patients with severe secondary hyperparathyroidism has been investigated. The study was carried out on 24 chronic dialysis patients consisting of 13 boys and 11 girls, aged between 8-18 years. Patients were divided into 3 groups according to the severity of hyperparathyroidism and therapy regimens. Group I consisted of 5 patients with normal parathormon levels who did not receive calcitriol therapy. In group II and III, there were patients with secondary hyperparathyroidism. Group II consisted of 10 patients receiving oral calcitriol therapy. Group III consisted of 9 patients receiving intravenous (i.v.) calcitriol. Bone mineral density was measured by dual energy x-ray absorptiometry. Osteopenia was defined as a Z-score worse than -2. Bone mineral density was assessed as baseline and at the end of one year. A significant improvement was observed in Z-score in the group III whereas the mean value of Z-score tended to be worse in group I and it was not significantly different in group II from the initial values. The better Z-score in group III was associated with more effective stabilization of alkaline phosphatase level and bone specific alkaline phosphatases (BAP) concentrations. Significant improvement of Z-score in group III suggested the beneficial role in i.v. administration of calcitriol in chronic dialysis patients.
    International Urology and Nephrology 02/2004; 36(1):113-8. · 1.33 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Neurofibromatosis 1 is an autosomal dominant disorder. Noonan's syndrome is known to be associated with neurofibromatoses. Patients with neurofibromatosis are predisposed to developing malignant tumors. The relationship between the genetic changes in the neurofibromin gene and mechanisms associated with tumor development in neurofibromatosis has been investigated. A non-sense mutation C2446T --> R816X of the neurofibromin gene has been detected in some patients with the neurofibromatosis 1-Noonan's syndrome phenotype. We describe a case of an infant with the overlapping features of neurofibromatosis 1 and Noonan's syndrome who presented with rhabdomyosarcoma of the urinary bladder. The genetic analysis of our patient revealed neither mutation in the neurofibromatosis 1-guanosine triphosphatase-activating protein-related domain nor the R816X nonsense mutation. The phenotypic and genotypic features of neurofibromatosis, Noonan's syndrome, and cases with the overlapping features of both syndromes have been reviewed. The presentation of our case underlines the importance of careful examination for the clinical features of neurofibromatosis and phenotypic traits of associated diseases, especially in patients with malignant tumors.
    Journal of Child Neurology 02/2003; 18(1):68-72. · 1.39 Impact Factor

Publication Stats

175 Citations
41.69 Total Impact Points

Institutions

  • 2013
    • T.C. Sağlık Bakanlığı Ankara Eğitim ve Araştırma Hastanesi
      Engüri, Ankara, Turkey
  • 2003–2010
    • Baskent University
      • • Department of Pediatrics
      • • Department of Pediatric Nephrology
      Ankara, Ankara, Turkey