Tung-Ping Su

National Yang Ming University, T’ai-pei, Taipei, Taiwan

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Publications (158)558.39 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: Bipolar I disorder (BD) is a highly heritable disorder characterized by mood swings between high-energy and low-energy states. Amygdala hyperactivity and cortical inhibitory hypoactivity [e.g., of the dorsolateral prefrontal cortex (dlPFC)] have been found in patients with BD, as evidenced by their abnormal resting-state functional connectivity (FC) and glucose utilization (GU). However, it has not been determined whether functional abnormalities of the dlPFC-amygdala circuit exist in unaffected, healthy siblings of the patients with BD (BDsib). Twenty euthymic patients with BD, 20 unaffected matching BDsib of the patient group, and 20 well-matched healthy control subjects were recruited. We investigated seed-based FC (seeds: dlPFC) with resting-state functional magnetic resonance imaging and GU in the regions of interest (e.g., dlPFC and amygdala) using (18) F-fluorodeoxyglucose positron emission tomography. The FC in the dlPFC (right)-amygdala circuit was statistically abnormal in patients with BD and BDsib, but only the patients with BD demonstrated hypoactive GU bilaterally in the dlPFC and hyperactive GU bilaterally in the amygdala. Facilitating differentiation between the BD groups, the altered FC between dlPFC (right) and amygdala (left) was even more prominent in the patients with BD (p < 0.05). There was a dysfunctional connection with intact GU in the dlPFC-amygdala circuit of the BDsib, which highlights the vulnerability in families with BD. Diminished top-down control from the bilateral dlPFC, which prevents adequate inhibition of limbic hyperactivity, might mediate the development of BD. © 2015 John Wiley & Sons A/S. Published by John Wiley & Sons Ltd.
    Bipolar Disorders 08/2015; DOI:10.1111/bdi.12321 · 4.89 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Behaviors associated with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) have been suggested to be considered as quantitative traits. This study investigated the structural and functional correlates of autistic traits measured using the Social Responsiveness Scale (SRS) in neurotypical adolescents. Twenty-six neurotypical male adolescents (12-18 years old) were recruited for this study and underwent structural and resting functional magnetic resonance image scanning, and intelligence quotient and SRS evaluations. We used the automated surface-based method (FreeSurfer) to measure cortical thickness and seed-based functional connectivity (FC) analysis to derive the FC map of the dorsal anterior cingulate (dACC). Brain-wise regression analyses of cortical thickness and FC maps on SRS scores were performed using a general linear model. The results indicated that higher autistic trait ratings of total SRS scores were associated with a thinner cortex in the left insula, right insula, and right superior temporal gyrus. Furthermore, we observed that only higher scores of social awareness were correlated with increased FC between the dACC and right superior temporal gyrus and decreased FC between the dACC and right putamen and thalamus. These results indicated that a quantitative trait in social cognition is associated with structural and connectivity variations linked to ASD patients. Autism Res 2015. © 2015 International Society for Autism Research, Wiley Periodicals, Inc. © 2015 International Society for Autism Research, Wiley Periodicals, Inc.
    Autism Research 08/2015; epub ahead of print. DOI:10.1002/aur.1535 · 4.53 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Several cross-sectional studies have reported a common comorbidity between depression and fibromyalgia syndrome (FMS). However, a bidirectional temporal association between these two distinct diseases has rarely been investigated. Using the Taiwan National Health Insurance Research Database, 25,969 patients with FMS and without any psychiatric disorder and 17,142 patients with depression and without FMS between 2000 and 2008 were enrolled and separately compared with age- and sex-matched (1:4) control groups. Patients with FMS who developed a new-onset depression and those with depression who developed a new-onset FMS were identified during the follow-up (to the end of 2011). The conditional Cox regression analyses, after adjustment for demographic data and medical comorbidities, showed that the patients with FMS were associated with an increased risk (hazard ratio [HR] = 7.46, 95% confidence interval [CI] = 6.77-8.22) of subsequent depression, and that those with depression were associated with an increased risk (HR = 6.28, 95% CI = 5.67-6.96) of subsequent FMS. Our results supported a bidirectional temporal association between depression and FMS. Each disease occurring first may increase the risk of the other subsequently. Further study may be necessary to determine the underlying mechanism between depression and FMS, and to clarify whether a prompt intervention for depression or FMS may decrease the risk of the other later in life. Our study supported a bidirectional temporal association between depression and FMS that each disease occurring first may increase the risk of the other subsequently. This result may imply a shared pathophysiology between FMS and depression, but it needs the further investigation. Copyright © 2015 American Pain Society. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
    The journal of pain: official journal of the American Pain Society 06/2015; DOI:10.1016/j.jpain.2015.06.004 · 4.22 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Cortico-thalamic connections are thought to be abnormal in schizophrenia due to their important roles in sensory relay and higher cognitive control, both of which are affected by this devastating illness. This study tested the cortico-thalamic dysconnection hypothesis in schizophrenia and further explored cortico-thalamic network properties using functional connectivity MRI (fcMRI). Forty-eight participants with schizophrenia and 48 healthy controls underwent resting fMRI scans and clinical evaluations. Six a priori cortical regions of interests (ROIs) were used to derive the six networks: dorsal default mode network (dDMN), fronto-parietal network (FPN), cingulo-opercular network (CON), primary sensorimotor network (SM1), primary auditory network (A1) and primary visual network (V1). The cortico-thalamic connectivity for each network was calculated for each participant and then compared between groups. A repeated measures analysis of variance (ANOVA) showed significant group×network interactions (F(5, 90)=9.5, P<0.001), which were driven by a significant increase in FC within the SM1 (t(94)=4.1, P<0.001) and A1 (t(94)=4.2, P<0.001) networks in schizophrenics, as well as a significant decrease within the CON (t(94)=-2.8, P=0.04). The cortico-thalamic dysconnection did not correlate with symptom severity, representing a state independent abnormality. The network analysis indicates that cortico-thalamic dysconnection in schizophrenia involves multiple networks and shows network specific changes. The findings provide support for dysfunctional thalamus-related networks in schizophrenia and further elaborate their network properties. Copyright © 2015 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
    Schizophrenia Research 06/2015; 166(1-3). DOI:10.1016/j.schres.2015.05.023 · 4.43 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Previous cross-sectional studies have suggested a comorbid association between atopic dermatitis (AD) and depressive disorder as well as anxiety disorders, but the temporal relationship was not determined. Using the Taiwan National Health Insurance Research Database, 8208 AD patients aged 12 and older without psychiatric history and age-/sex-matched (1:1) controls between 1998 and 2008 were enrolled in our study and followed to the end of 2011. Subjects who developed major depression, any depressive disorder, and anxiety disorders during the follow-up were identified. The Cox regression analysis after adjusting for demographic data and atopic comorbidities demonstrated that patients with AD had an elevated risk of developing major depression (hazard ratio [HR]: 6.56, 95% confidence interval [CI]: 3.64-11.84), any depressive disorder (HR: 5.44, 95% CI: 3.99-7.44), and anxiety disorders (HR: 3.57, 95% CI: 2.55-4.98). Stratified by age group, both adolescents and adults with AD were prone to developing major depression (HR: 4.26, 95% CI: 1.39-13.13; HR: 7.56, 95% CI: 3.75-15.23), any depressive disorder (HR: 4.38, 95% CI: 2.09-9.18; HR: 5.66, 95% CI: 4.01-7.99), and anxiety disorders (HR: 5.40, 95% CI: 2.02-14.39; HR: 3.36, 95% CI: 2.38-4.80). AD in both adolescence and adulthood increased the risk of developing major depression, any depressive disorder, and anxiety disorders in later life. Further studies would be required to clarify the possible underlying mechanism between AD and depression as well as anxiety disorders. Copyright © 2015 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
    Journal of Affective Disorders 06/2015; 178. DOI:10.1016/j.jad.2015.02.025 · 3.71 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Both major depression and bipolar disorder are associated with an increased risk of developing dementia. However, the differential risk of dementia between major depression and bipolar disorder is rarely investigated. Using the Taiwan National Health Insurance Research Database, a total of 2291 patients aged ≥55 years (major depression: 1946 and bipolar disorder: 345) and 2291 age-and sex-matched controls were enrolled between 1998 and 2008, and followed to the end of 2011. Participants who developed dementia during the follow-up were identified. Both patients with bipolar disorder [hazard ratio (HR) 5.58, 95% confidence interval (CI) 4.26-7.32] and those with major depression (HR 3.02, 95% CI 2.46-3.70) had an increased risk of developing dementia in later life, after adjusting for demographic data and medical comorbidities. The sensitivity tests after excluding the 1-year (bipolar disorder: HR 4.73, 95% CI 3.50-6.35; major depression: HR 2.62, 95% CI 2.11-3.25) and 3-year (HR 3.92, 95% CI 2.78-5.54; HR 2.21, 95% CI 1.73-2.83, respectively) follow-up duration also revealed consistent findings. Furthermore, patients with bipolar disorder were associated with an 87% increased risk (HR 1.87, 95% CI 1.48-2.37) of subsequent dementia compared with patients with major depression. Midlife individuals with bipolar disorder or major depression were associated with an elevated risk of developing dementia in later life. Further studies may be required to clarify the underlying mechanisms among major depression, bipolar disorder, and dementia, and to investigate whether prompt intervention may decrease this risk. Copyright © 2015 AMDA – The Society for Post-Acute and Long-Term Care Medicine. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
    Journal of the American Medical Directors Association 02/2015; 16(6). DOI:10.1016/j.jamda.2015.01.084 · 4.78 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Background Previous evidence has shown positive associations between post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and hypertension, dyslipidaemia and diabetes mellitus, which are all risk factors for stroke, but the role of PTSD in the subsequent development of stroke is still unknown. Aims To investigate the temporal association between PTSD and the development of stroke. Method Identified from the Taiwan National Health Insurance Research Database, 5217 individuals aged ≥ 18 years, with PTSD but with no history of stroke, and 20 868 age- and gender-matched controls were enrolled between 2002 and 2009, and followed up until the end of 2011 to identify the development of stroke. Results Individuals with PTSD had an increased risk of developing any stroke (hazard ratio (HR) 3.37, 95% CI 2.44-4.67) and ischaemic stroke (HR = 3.47, 95% CI 2.23-5.39) after adjusting for demographic data and medical comorbidities. Sensitivity tests showed consistent findings (any stroke HR = 3.02, 95% CI 2.13-4.28; ischaemic stroke HR = 2.89, 95% CI 1.79-4.66) after excluding the first year of observation. Conclusions Individuals with PTSD have an increased risk of developing any stroke and ischaemic stroke. Further studies are required to investigate the underlying mechanisms. Royal College of Psychiatrists.
    The British journal of psychiatry: the journal of mental science 02/2015; 206(4). DOI:10.1192/bjp.bp.113.143610 · 7.34 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Suicide is among the leading causes of death among people with bipolar disorder and has gained substantial attention in the psychiatric and public health fields. However, the role of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) in suicide among adolescents and young adults with bipolar disorder remains unknown. Using Taiwan׳s National Health Insurance Research Database, we identified 500 adolescents and young adults from 2002 to 2008 aged between 15 and 24 years with bipolar disorder and ADHD. The sample was matched according to age and sex with 1500 (1:3) patients with bipolar disorder only and observed until the end of 2011. The patients who attempted suicide during the follow-up period were identified. Adolescents and young adults with bipolar disorder and ADHD had a greater incidence of attempted suicide than did those with bipolar disorder only (3.0% vs. 1.1%, p=0.005). After adjustment for demographic factors and psychiatric comorbidities, a Cox regression analysis determined that ADHD was an independent risk factor for attempted suicide (hazard ratio: 2.38, 95% confidence interval: 1.13-5.00) later in life among adolescents and young adults with bipolar disorder. Adolescents and young adults with bipolar disorder and ADHD had an increased likelihood of attempted suicide compared with adolescents and young adults with bipolar disorder only. Further study is required to investigate the possible pathophysiology among ADHD, bipolar disorder, and attempted suicide, and to assess whether prompt intervention for ADHD may reduce the risk of attempted suicide. Copyright © 2015 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
    Journal of Affective Disorders 02/2015; 176C:171-175. DOI:10.1016/j.jad.2015.02.007 · 3.71 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Bipolar disorder (BD) is highly heritable and associated with dysregulation of brain glucose utilizations (GU). The mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) 10398A polymorphism, as a reported BD risk factor, leads to deficient glycolytic energy production by affecting mitochondrial matrix pH and intracellular calcium levels. However, whether mtDNA-10398A has functional effects on the brain and how our body responds remain elusive. We compared peripheral and central glucose-utilizing patterns between mtDNA A10398G polymorphisms in BD and their unaffected siblings (BDsib). Since siblings carry identical mtDNA, we hypothesized that certain characteristics co-segregate in BD families. We recruited twenty-seven pairs of non-diabetic BD patients and their BDsib and 30 well-matched healthy control subjects (HC). The following were investigated: mtDNA, fasting plasma glucose/insulin, cognitive functions including Montreal Cognitive Assessment (MoCA), and brain GU at rest. Insulin resistance was rechecked in sixty-one subjects (19-BD, 18-BDsibib, and 24-HC) six months later. We found that BD-pairs (BD+BDsib) carried more mtDNA-10398A and had higher fasting glucose, even after controlling for many covariates. BD-pairs had abnormally lower dorso-prefrontal-GU and higher cerebellar-GU, but only BD demonstrated lower medio-prefrontal-GU and MoCA. Subjects carrying mtDNA-10398A had significantly lower prefrontal-GU (FWE-corrected p<0.05). An abnormal inverse pattern of insulin-GU and insulin-MoCA correlation was found in BD-pairs. The insulin-MoCA correlation was particularly prominent in those carrying mtDNA-10398A. mtDNA-10398A predicted insulin resistance 6 months later. In conclusion, mtDNA-10398A was associated with impaired prefrontal-GU. An up-regulation of glucose utilizations was found in BD-pairs, probably compensating for mtDNA-10398A-related energy loss. Copyright © 2015 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
    Psychoneuroendocrinology 02/2015; 55C. DOI:10.1016/j.psyneuen.2015.02.003 · 5.59 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Background Medication-resistant depression (MRD) is associated with poorer attentional performance and immense socioeconomic costs. Aims We aimed to investigate the central pathophysiology of MRD, previously linked to impaired prefrontal cortex function. Method A total of 54 participants (22 with MRD, 16 with non-resistant depression, 16 healthy controls) were recruited. Non-MRD status was confirmed by a prospective 6-week antidepressant trial. All medication-free participants underwent a go/no-go task to study prefrontal cortical function (attention) and positron emission tomography scans to study regional cerebral glucose metabolism (rCMglu) at rest. Results The MRD group had worse attentional ratings and decreased rCMglu compared with the non-MRD and control groups. Attentional performance was positively associated with prefrontal cortex rCMglu. The prefrontal cortex differences between MRD and non-MRD groups remained after adjusting for past depressive episodes (F(1,35) = 4.154, P = 0.043). Conclusions Pronounced hypofrontality, with the associated attentional deficits, has a key role in the neuropathology of medication-resistant depression. Royal College of Psychiatrists.
    The British journal of psychiatry: the journal of mental science 02/2015; 206(4). DOI:10.1192/bjp.bp.113.140434 · 7.34 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The incidence of osteoporotic fracture (OF), a condition that leads to higher morbidity and mortality in the elderly, is increasing yearly worldwide. However, most studies of OF have focused on the epidemiology of initial fractures, mainly in female and white populations. This study aimed to explore the incidence and the risk factors for repeat osteoporotic fracture (ROF) in Taiwan.We performed a retrospective cohort study using the Taiwan National Health Insurance Database (NHIRD) from 1995 through 2011. Individuals aged 65 years or older who experienced an initial OF were included. The patients were followed until death, the end of registration in the NHIRD, ROF occurrence, or the end of the study period (December 31, 2011), whichever occurred first. The incidence of ROF over ≥5 years after the initial fracture was analyzed, and the risk factors for ROF were assessed using Cox proportional hazards models.The incidence rates of ROF were 950.5, 321.4, 158.7, 92.8, and 70.2 per 1000 person-years among subjects in their first, second, third, fourth, and fifth years after the initial OF, respectively. Nearly 45% of the subjects sustained a ROF in the first year after OF. ROF risk increased with age and Charlson Comorbidity Index (CCI) score. Greater risk for ROF was observed among female subjects and those who had suffered from hip and vertebral fracture at the first OF, had undergone OF-related surgery, and had received bone-related medications.The incidence of ROF in the Taiwanese elderly is higher during the first year after the initial OF, and ROF risk increases with age, female sex, high CCI score, and in those who have undergone OF-related surgery, sustained hip or vertebral fracture, and used bone-related medications.
    Medicine 02/2015; 94(7):e532. DOI:10.1097/MD.0000000000000532 · 4.87 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Introduction. Benzodiazepines (BZDs) and zolpidem, zopiclone, and zaleplon (Z-drugs) are commonly prescribed to HIV-infected patients. We hypothesized that frequent BZD and Z-drug use among these patients may be associated with psychiatric illnesses, particularly in long-term users. Methods. We included 1,081 patients with HIV between 1998 and 2011 from the Taiwan National Health Insurance Research Database and matched them according to age, sex, and comorbidity with uninfected controls to investigate the psychiatric diagnoses and prescriptions of BZDs and Z-drugs. Cumulative defined daily dose (cDDD) was assessed as the indicator of the duration of medication exposure. Patients exhibiting a cDDD exceeding 180 were defined as long-term users. Results. The patients with HIV had an increased risk of any use (odds ratio (OR): 8.70, 95% confidence interval (CI): 6.82-10.97) and long-term use (OR: 5.06, 95% CI: 3.63-7.04) of BZD and Z-drugs compared with those without HIV during the follow-up after demographic data and psychiatric comorbidities were adjusted. Conclusion. A large proportion of the HIV-infected patients received prescriptions of BZDs and Z-drugs. Mood disorders, insomnia, anxiety disorders, HIV infection, and substance use disorder were substantial predictors among the BZD and Z-drug users. These findings suggest that providing psychiatric services for HIV-infected patients is vital.
    BioMed Research International 01/2015; 2015:465726. DOI:10.1155/2015/465726 · 2.71 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and autism spectrum disorder (ASD) are both frequently comorbid with other psychiatric disorders, but the comorbid effect of ASD and ADHD relative to the comorbid risk of other psychiatric disorders is still unknown. Using the Taiwan National Health Insurance Research Database, 725 patients with ASD-alone, 5694 with ADHD-alone, 466 with ASD + ADHD, and 27,540 (1:4) age-/gender-matched controls were enrolled in our study. The risk of psychiatric comorbidities was investigated. The ADHD + ASD group had the greatest risk of developing schizophrenia (hazard ratio [HR]: 95.89; HR: 13.73; HR: 174.61), bipolar disorder (HR: 74.93; HR: 19.42; HR: 36.71), depressive disorder (HR: 17.66; HR: 12.29; HR: 9.05), anxiety disorder (HR: 49.49; HR: 50.92; HR: 14.12), disruptive behavior disorder (HR: 113.89; HR: 93.87; HR: 26.50), and tic disorder (HR: 8.95; HR: 7.46; HR: 4.87) compared to the ADHD-alone, ASD-alone, and control groups. Patients with ADHD + ASD were associated with the greatest risk of having comorbid bipolar disorder, depressive disorder, anxiety disorder, disruptive behavior disorder, and tic disorder. The diagnoses of ASD and ADHD preceded the diagnoses of other psychiatric comorbidities. A comprehensive interview scrutinizing the psychiatric comorbidities would be suggested when encountering and following patients with both ASD and ADHD in clinical practice.
    Research in Autism Spectrum Disorders 11/2014; 10. DOI:10.1016/j.rasd.2014.10.014 · 2.96 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: A 13-year-old boy suffered from hypersomnia, fragmented nighttime sleep, and cataplexy since age 10 years, and then developed prominent psychotic symptoms (i.e., auditory and visual hallucination, hallucinatory behavior, delusions of reference, and misidentification) that occurred persistently during the wakeful and consciously clear period when he was aged 12 years. The child underwent additional medical evaluation and testing, and comorbidity of narcolepsy and schizophrenia was diagnosed. The child's psychotic symptoms and narcolepsy improved significantly upon treatment with methylphenidate 30 mg, olanzapine 25 mg, and haloperidol 10 mg. In this case, the child's symptomology of narcolepsy and schizophrenia and the dilemma of the use of antipsychotics and psychostimulants are representative examples of the diagnostic and therapeutic challenges in adolescent psychiatry.
    Journal of the Chinese Medical Association 11/2014; 77(11). DOI:10.1016/j.jcma.2014.06.008 · 0.89 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: ABSTRACT Background: This study identified possible risk factors for newly diagnosed mood disorders, including depressive and bipolar disorders, in prostate cancer patients. Methods: From 2000 to 2006, two cohorts were evaluated on the occurrence of mood disorder diagnosis and treatment. For the first cohort, data of patients diagnosed with prostate cancer was obtained from the Taiwan National Health Insurance (NHI) Research Database. As the second cohort, a cancer-free comparison group was matched for age, comorbidities, geographic region, and socioeconomic status. Results: Final analyses involved 12,872 men with prostate cancer and 12,872 matched patients. Increased incidence of both depressive (IRR 1.52, 95% CI 1.30-1.79, P <0.001) and bipolar disorder (IRR 1.84, 95% CI 1.25-2.74, P = 0.001) was observed among patients diagnosed with prostate cancer. Multivariate matched regression models show that cerebrovascular disease (CVD) and radiotherapy treatment could be independent risk factors for developing subsequent depressive and bipolar disorders. Conclusion: We observed that the risk of developing newly diagnosed depressive and bipolar disorders is higher among Taiwanese prostate cancer patients. Clinicians should be aware of the possibility of increased depressive and bipolar disorders among prostate cancer patients in Taiwan. A prospective study is necessary to confirm these findings.
    International Psychogeriatrics 10/2014; 27(03):1-10. DOI:10.1017/S104161021400218X · 1.89 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Previous studies showed that both attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and autistic spectrum disorder (ASD) were associated separately with a higher risk of allergic diseases. However, the comorbid effect of ADHD and ASD on the risk of allergic diseases is still unknown. Using the Taiwan National Health Insurance Research Database, 5386 children aged less than 18 years with ADHD alone, 578 with ASD alone, 458 with ADHD + ASD, and 25,688 non-ADHD/ASD age- and sex-matched (1:4) controls were enrolled in our study. The prevalence of allergic diseases, including asthma, allergic rhinitis, atopic dermatitis, and allergic conjunctivitis, was evaluated among the four groups. Logistic regression analysis showed that the ADHD + ASD group (odds ratio [OR]: 2.26, 95% confidence interval [CI]: 1.83–2.79), ADHD-alone group (OR: 1.81, 95% CI: 1.70–1.93), and ASD-alone group (OR: 1.24, 95% CI: 1.04–1.48) had an increased risk of allergic comorbidities compared to the control after adjusting age, sex, and level of urbanization. ASD children with more allergic comorbidities (≧3: OR: 2.57, 95% CI: 1.74–3.79; 2: OR: 2.00, 95% CI: 1.41–2.84; 1: OR: 1.60, 95% CI: 1.16–2.22) were associated with a greater likelihood of ADHD. Children with ADHD or ASD had an increased risk of allergic comorbidities, and those with both ADHD and ASD had the highest. These results may inspire more research to clarify the underlying mechanisms among ASD, ADHD, and allergic diseases.
    Research in Autism Spectrum Disorders 10/2014; 8(10):1333–1338. DOI:10.1016/j.rasd.2014.07.009 · 2.96 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Background Previous studies have suggested an association between asthma and dementia, but the results are still inconsistent. Methods Using the Taiwan National Health Insurance Database, we enrolled 11,030 participants aged more than 45 years with asthma and 44,120 (1:4) age-/sex-matched controls between 1998 and 2008, and followed them to the end of 2011. Cases of any dementia or Alzheimer's disease that developed during the follow-up period were identified. Results Asthma was associated with an increased risk of developing any dementia [hazard ratio (HR): 2.17, 95% confidence interval (CI): 1.87–2.52] and Alzheimer's disease (HR: 2.62, 95% CI: 1.71–4.02). Stratified by age, both asthma in midlife (>45 years and <65 years) and in late life (≥65 years) was associated with a greater likelihood of any dementia (HR: 2.48, 95% CI: 1.80–3.41; HR: 2.06, 95% CI: 1.74–2.44). Discussion Asthma in midlife and in late life increased the risk of developing any dementia and Alzheimer's disease. The underlying mechanisms between asthma and dementia require further investigation.
    Journal of the American Medical Directors Association 10/2014; 15(10). DOI:10.1016/j.jamda.2014.06.003 · 4.78 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Background Previous studies have shown that both severe mental disorders (schizophrenia and bipolar disorder) and atopic diseases were associated with an increased risk of metabolic syndrome. However, the role of atopy/the predisposition for allergies in the development of metabolic syndrome is still unknown among those with severe mental disorders. Methods Using the Taiwan National Health Insurance Research Database, 5826 patients with schizophrenia or bipolar disorder (1908 with a predisposition for allergies and 3918 without) were enrolled between 1998 and 2008. Those who developed hypertension, dyslipidemia, and/or diabetes mellitus were identified during the follow-up to the end of 2011. Results A predisposition for allergies increased the risk of developing hypertension (HR: 1.67), dyslipidemia (HR: 1.82), and diabetes mellitus (HR: 1.37) in later life among those with severe mental disorders. A dose-dependent relationship was noted between having more atopic comorbidities and a greater likelihood of hypertension (1 atopic disease: HR: 1.60; ≧ 2 atopic comorbidities: HR: 1.87), dyslipidemia (HR: 1.73; HR: 2.12), and diabetes mellitus (HR: 1.26; HR: 1.69). Conclusion A predisposition for allergies was an independent risk factor for hypertension, dyslipidemia, and diabetes mellitus among patients with schizophrenia or bipolar disorder. Further studies would be required to elucidate the underlying pathophysiology among atopy, schizophrenia, bipolar disorder, and metabolic syndrome.
    Schizophrenia Research 10/2014; 159(1). DOI:10.1016/j.schres.2014.07.029 · 4.43 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Objective Previous studies have found a temporal concordance in the increased prevalence of atopic diathesis/atopic diseases, attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), and autistic spectrum disorder (ASD) worldwide. But, the temporal association among these 3 distinct diseases is unknown. Method 14,812 atopic subjects diagnosed with any atopic disease (asthma, atopic dermatitis, allergic rhinitis, or allergic conjunctivitis) before the age of 3 (atopic cohort) and 6944 non-atopic subjects with no lifetime atopic disease (non-atopic cohort), born between 1997 and 2000, were enrolled and followed to December 31 2010 to identify the development of ADHD and ASD. Results The presence of any atopic disease in early childhood increased the risk of developing ADHD (hazard ratio [HR]: 1.97) and ASD (HR: 3.40) in later life. Greater numbers of atopic comorbidities (4 comorbidities: ADHD: HR: 2.53; ASD: HR: 4.29) were significantly related to a greater risk of developing ADHD and ASD. Discussion Atopic diathesis in early childhood elevated the risk of developing ADHD and ASD in later life, with the dose-dependent relationship of more atopic comorbidities with a greater likelihood of ADHD and ASD.
    Journal of Psychosomatic Research 10/2014; 77(4). DOI:10.1016/j.jpsychores.2014.06.006 · 2.84 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: BackgroundStudies have shown that chronic inflammation may play a vital role in the pathophysiology of both gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) and bipolar disorder. Among patients with GERD, the risk of bipolar disorder has not been well characterized.ObjectiveWe explored the relationship between GERD and the subsequent development of bipolar disorder, and examined the risk factors for bipolar disorder in patients with GERD.MethodsWe identified patients who were diagnosed with GERD in the Taiwan National Health Insurance Research Database. A comparison cohort without GERD was matched according to age, sex, and comorbidities. The occurrence of bipolar disorder was evaluated in both cohorts based on diagnosis and the prescription of medications.ResultsThe GERD cohort consisted of 21,674 patients, and the comparison cohort consisted of 21,674 matched control patients without GERD. The incidence of bipolar disorder (incidence rate ratio [IRR] 2.29, 95% confidence interval [CI] 1.58–3.36, P<.001) was higher among GERD patients than among comparison cohort. Multivariate, matched regression models showed that the female sex (hazard ratio [HR] 1.78, 95% CI 1.76–2.74, P = .008), being younger than 60 years old (HR 2.35, 95% CI 1.33–4.16, P = .003), and alcohol use disorder (HR 4.89, 95% CI 3.06–7.84, P = .004) were independent risk factors for the development of bipolar disorder among GERD patients.ConclusionsGERD may increase the risk of developing bipolar disorder. Based on our data, we suggest that attention should be focused on female patients younger than 60 years, and patients with alcohol use disorder, following a GERD diagnosis.
    PLoS ONE 09/2014; 9(9):e107694. DOI:10.1371/journal.pone.0107694 · 3.23 Impact Factor

Publication Stats

1k Citations
558.39 Total Impact Points

Institutions

  • 2004–2015
    • National Yang Ming University
      • • Department of Psychiatry
      • • School of Medicine
      • • Institute of Brain Science
      • • Institute of Public Health
      T’ai-pei, Taipei, Taiwan
  • 2002–2015
    • Taipei Veterans General Hospital
      • Division of Psychiatry
      T’ai-pei, Taipei, Taiwan
  • 2012
    • National Chiao Tung University
      • Department of Electronics Engineering
      Hsin-chu-hsien, Taiwan, Taiwan
  • 2009
    • Jianan Mental Hospital
      臺南市, Taiwan, Taiwan