Yoshinobu Akiyama

Keio University, Tokyo, Tokyo-to, Japan

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Publications (8)28.77 Total impact

  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: We previously reported that intratracheal delivery (ITD) of alloantigen generated regulatory cells in mice. Here, we examined the effect of various doses of conventional immunosuppressants (FK506, cyclosporine A, azathioprine, mycophenolate mofetil, and rapamycin) on inducing regulatory cells in our model. CBA mice (primary recipients) were given C57BL/6 splenocytes by ITD and either no additional treatment or various doses of an immunosuppressant. Seven days later, splenocytes from these mice were adoptively transferred into naive secondary CBA recipients that underwent C57BL/6 cardiac grafting the same day. Adoptive transfer from primary recipients given ITD of splenocytes alone induced prolonged allograft survival in secondary recipients (median survival time [MST], 50 days), suggesting that regulatory cells were generated. When ITD of alloantigen was combined with daily administration of 0.1 mg/kg FK506 or 0.2 mg/kg rapamycin, graft survival was similarly prolonged (MST 55 and 50 days, respectively). When combined with 20 or 40 mg/kg MMF or 0.4 mg/kg rapamycin, the majority of recipients demonstrated indefinite survival (MST, >100 days in all groups). When ITD of alloantigen was combined with 0.3, 0.5, or 1.0 mg/kg FK506; 5, 10, or 25 mg/kg cyclosporine A; or 1.0 or 2.0 mg/kg azathioprine, allografts were rejected acutely (MST 7-13 days). Generation of regulatory cells by ITD of alloantigen was facilitated by mycophenolate mofetil and high doses of rapamycin but abrogated by cyclosporine A, azathioprine, and high doses of FK506. Low doses of rapamycin and of FK506 did not interfere with generation of regulatory cells.
    Transplantation 04/2005; 79(8):904-13. · 3.78 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: We previously showed that intratracheal delivery of alloantigen induced prolonged survival of fully allogeneic cardiac grafts in mice. Here, this treatment protocol was combined with nondepleting anti-CD4 monoclonal antibody (mAb) to induce operational tolerance. CBA (H-2k) mice were pretreated with intratracheal delivery of whole splenocytes from C57BL/10 (H-2b) mice or a 15-mer Kb peptide, with or without intraperitoneal administration of nondepleting anti-CD4 mAb (YTS177). Seven days later, C57BL/10 hearts were transplanted into the pretreated CBA mice. In addition, some naive CBA mice underwent adoptive transfer of splenocytes from pretreated CBA mice and transplantation of a C57BL/10 heart on the same day. Untreated CBA mice rejected C57BL/10 cardiac grafts acutely (median survival time, 12 days). Mice given intratracheal delivery of whole splenocytes or Kb peptide demonstrated prolonged graft survival (median survival time, 84 and 76 days, respectively). Concurrent administration of YTS177 and intratracheal delivery of splenocytes or Kb peptide resulted in indefinite graft survival. Mice with long-surviving C57BL/10 cardiac grafts showed acceptance of skin grafts from C57BL/10 mice but not BALB/c mice, demonstrating that operational tolerance had been induced. Adoptive transfer of splenocytes from mice pretreated with intratracheal delivery of splenocytes or Kb peptide plus YTS177 induced indefinite survival of cardiac grafts in secondary recipients, indicating that regulatory cells had been generated. In a murine model, intratracheal delivery of donor splenocytes or Kb peptide combined with YTS177 induced operational tolerance and generated regulatory cells.
    Transplantation 12/2003; 76(9):1305-14. · 3.78 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: We investigated whether blockade of tumor necrosis factor receptor-ligand pathways could generate regulatory cells induced by intratracheal delivery of alloantigen. CBA (H-2k) mice were pretreated with intratracheal delivery of splenocytes (1x10(7)) from C57BL/10 (H-2b) mice and intraperitoneal administration of monoclonal antibody (mAb) specific for CD70, CD134 ligand (CD134L), CD153, or CD137L. Seven days later, C57BL/10 hearts were transplanted into pretreated CBA mice. Some naive CBA mice underwent adoptive transfer of splenocytes (5x10(7)) from pretreated CBA mice and transplantation of a C57BL/10 heart on the same day. Untreated CBA mice rejected C57BL/10 cardiac grafts acutely (median survival time [MST] 12 days). Pretreatment with intratracheal delivery of C57BL/10 donor splenocytes prolonged graft survival significantly (MST 84 days). Mice given intratracheal delivery of alloantigen plus anti-CD70, anti-CD134L, or anti-CD153 mAb, but not those given intratracheal delivery of alloantigen plus anti-CD137L mAb, rejected their graft acutely (MST 16, 14, 10, and 65 days, respectively). Adoptive transfer of splenocytes from mice pretreated with intratracheal delivery of alloantigen plus anti-CD70, CD134L, or CD153 mAb did not prolong survival of C57BL/10 cardiac grafts in naive secondary CBA recipients (MST 14, 11, and 11 days, respectively), whereas adoptive transfer of splenocytes from mice given intratracheal delivery of alloantigen plus anti-CD137L mAb did (MST 75 days). The CD27/CD70, CD134/CD134L, and CD30/CD153 pathways are independently required for generation of regulatory cells in our model.
    Transplantation 10/2003; 76(5):772-6. · 3.78 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The authors previously reported that intratracheal delivery (ITD) of donor alloantigen induced donor-specific hyporesponsiveness to C57BL/10 cardiac allografts in CBA recipients and that blockade of the B7 pathways abrogated that hyporesponsiveness. In this study, the authors used a CD28-deficient model to evaluate which signal, either through CD28 or cytotoxic T-lymphocyte-associated antigen (CTLA4), is involved in the induction of hyporesponsiveness. Seven days before transplantation of hearts from C3H/HeJ (H2k) mice into C57BL/6 (H2b) or CD28-deficient (C57BL/6 background) mice, the transplant recipients were given ITD of donor splenocytes (1 x 10(7)), alone or in combination with human CTLA4-immunoglobulin (Ig) (200 microg). ITD of C3H splenocytes induced donor-specific hyporesponsiveness to C3H cardiac grafts in C57BL/6 recipients (graft median survival time [MST], 40 days). Administration of CTLA4-Ig concurrently with ITD abrogated the prolonged allograft survival (MST, 12 days). Interestingly, ITD of C3H splenocytes induced prolonged survival of C3H allografts in CD28-deficient recipients (MST, 55 days). Furthermore, administration of CTLA4-Ig combined with ITD of C3H splenocytes abrogated the prolonged survival of C3H allografts in CD28-deficient recipients (MST, 7 days), whereas recipients given isotype-control antibody in combination with ITD of splenocytes had prolonged survival of C3H allografts (MST, 58 days). Taken together, the authors' findings indicate that a signal through CTLA4, rather than through CD28, plays an important role in the induction of hyporesponsiveness by ITD of alloantigen in this model.
    Transplantation 06/2003; 75(10):1636-9. · 3.78 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The authors previously showed that intratracheal delivery (ITD) of donor splenocytes induced prolonged survival of fully allogeneic cardiac grafts in mice. In this study, this treatment protocol was combined with blockade of the CD40 pathway in an attempt to induce operational tolerance. CBA mice were given donor splenocytes (1x107) or Kb peptide (100 microg) by ITD with or without antibody specific for mouse CD40 ligand (MR1, 200 microg) 7 days before transplantation of a C57BL/10 heart. Also, splenocyte (5 x 107) from primary recipient CBA mice given ITD of donor splenocytes or Kb peptide plus MR1 were adoptively transferred into naive CBA secondary recipients 7 days after the pretreatment and C57BL/10 hearts were transplanted into those recipients the same day. ITD of donor splenocytes and Kb peptide induced prolonged survival of cardiac grafts (median survival time [MST], 74 and 56 days, respectively), whereas naive control mice and mice pretreated with syngeneic splenocytes had acute graft rejection (MST in both groups, 7 days). When MR1 was included, all grafts survived indefinitely (>200 days), but mice pretreated with MR1 alone had graft rejection (MST, 54 days). Mice bearing cardiac grafts had acceptance of skin grafts from C57BL/10 but not BALB/c mice, demonstrating that operational tolerance was induced. Secondary recipients given adoptive transfer of splenocytes from primary recipients of the combined treatment had acceptance of C57BL/10 grafts, suggesting that regulatory cells were generated within 7 days of pretreatment. ITD of donor splenocytes or Kb peptide under blockade of the CD40 pathway induced operational tolerance and generated regulatory cells.
    Transplantation 03/2003; 75(6):878-84. · 3.78 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The authors investigated whether antithrombin III (AT-III) could induce unresponsiveness to alloantigens. CBA mice were given intravenous injection of 50 or 500 U/kg AT-III or control plasma the same day as transplantation of a heart from a C57BL/6 mouse. An adoptive transfer study and mixed leukocyte culture analysis were also performed. Naive CBA mice rejected C57BL/6 cardiac grafts acutely (median survival time [MST], 9 days). The 50-U/kg dose of AT-III induced a moderate increase in graft survival (MST, 25 days), whereas control mice rejected their graft acutely (MST, 7 days). With the 500-U/kg dose of AT-III, all grafts survived indefinitely (>100 days) and regulatory cells were generated. In vitro, AT-III suppressed proliferation of mixed leukocyte responses and generation of interleukin-2. AT-III can be not only an antithrombotic agent but also a strong immunomodulating agent when used at high dose.
    Transplantation 01/2003; 75(2):217-20. · 3.78 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: We have previously reported that intratracheal delivery of donor splenocytes in mice induces hyporesponsiveness to fully allogeneic cardiac grafts and generates regulatory cells. Here, we examined whether an allopeptide would produce the same results. A 15-mer (54-68) peptide corresponding to a hypervariable region of the K(b) molecule was given intratracheally or intravenously to CBA (H2(k)) mice 7 days before transplantation of a C57BL/10 (H2(b)) or BALB/c (H2(d)) heart and was also used in adoptive transfer experiments. Cardiac grafts in recipients given K(b) peptide intratracheally experienced a median survival time (MST) of 56 days, whereas those in recipients given the peptide intravenously were rejected acutely (MST=7.5 days). Adoptive transfer of splenocytes from mice pretreated intratracheally with K(b) peptide to naïve secondary recipients prolonged survival of cardiac grafts (MST = 35 days). Intratracheal delivery of a single major histocompatibility complex class I peptide induced hyporesponsiveness to allogeneic cardiac grafts and generated regulatory cells.
    Human Immunology 11/2002; 63(10):888-92. · 2.30 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The mechanism of hyporesponsiveness induced by intratracheal (IT) delivery of alloantigen was examined and its effect on cardiac graft survival was assessed in studies in mice. In CBA (H2 ) mice, donor splenocytes were given by IT delivery 7 days before transplantation of a C57BL/10 (H2 ) heart. To determine whether regulatory cells were involved in hyporesponsiveness, splenocytes from mice given IT delivery of alloantigen and antibodies for B7-1, B7-2, or CTLA4 were adoptively transferred to naïve secondary recipients 7 days after delivery; those recipients underwent heart transplantation the same day. Effects on cell proliferation and cytokine production of splenocytes from mice given IT delivery of alloantigen were examined in mixed leukocyte cultures (MLC). Cardiac graft survival was significantly prolonged in mice given IT delivery of alloantigen (median survival time [MST], 81 days); those given syngeneic splenocytes rejected grafts acutely (MST, 7 days; P<0.05). Adoptive transfer of splenocytes also significantly prolonged survival of cardiac grafts in secondary recipients (MST, 62 days). When B7-1, B7-2, or CTLA4 antibody was combined with IT delivery of alloantigen in the first recipient, all grafts were rejected within 14 days in second recipients after adoptive transfer. In mixed leukocyte cultures, splenocytes from these mice did not respond to alloantigen and production of interleukin-4 and interleukin-10 was increased. Donor splenocytes delivered IT induced hyporesponsiveness and regulatory cells in our animal model, and such induction was dependent on B7-1, B7-2, and CTLA4 signals.
    Transplantation 10/2002; 74(5):732-8. · 3.78 Impact Factor

Publication Stats

101 Citations
28.77 Total Impact Points

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Institutions

  • 2002–2005
    • Keio University
      • Department of Surgery
      Tokyo, Tokyo-to, Japan
  • 2003
    • Nihon University
      • Department of Surgery
      Edo, Tōkyō, Japan
    • Teikyo University
      • Department of Surgery
      Tokyo, Tokyo-to, Japan