[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: We report a case of a 42 year-old female, who came to a leishmaniasis reference center in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, presenting a cutaneous leishmaniasis lesion in the right forearm. Treatment with low-dose intramuscular meglumine antimoniate (MA) (5 mg Sb5+/kg/day) was initiated, with improvement after 28 days, although with the development of generalized eczema. After 87 days, the lesion worsened. Patient refused treatment with amphotericin B. MA was then infiltrated in the lesion, in two sessions, resulting in local eczema, with bullae formation; however, twenty days after, both the ulcer and eczema receded. Intralesional administration of MA should be used carefully when previous cutaneous hypersensitivity is detected.
Revista do Instituto de Medicina Tropical de São Paulo 07/2014; 56(4):361-2. · 0.96 Impact Factor
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Introduction During a diagnostic evaluation of canine visceral leishmaniasis (VL), two of seventeen dogs were found to be co-infected by Leishmania (Viannia) braziliensis and Leishmania (Leishmania) chagasi. Methods Specific polymerase chain reaction (PCR) and restriction fragment length polymorphism-PCR (RFLP-PCR) assays were performed. Results PCR assays for Leishmania subgenus identification followed by RFLP-PCR analysis in biopsies from cutaneous lesions and the spleen confirmed the presence of Leishmania (Viannia) braziliensis and Leishmania (Leishmania) chagasi in those fragments. Conclusions This report reinforces the importance of using serological and molecular techniques in the epidemiological surveillance of canine populations in endemic areas in which both diseases are known to co-exist. In such cases, a reassessment of the control measures is required.
Revista da Sociedade Brasileira de Medicina Tropical 04/2014; 47(2):243-6. · 0.93 Impact Factor
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Trypanosoma caninum is a new species that has been recently identified in Brazil and infects domestic dogs. To date, no accurate diagnostic assays for this parasite have been established; thus, our aim was to evaluate more than one type of PCR for the diagnosis and molecular screening of T. caninum in 229 dogs living in Rio de Janeiro state. The tests were based on the amplification and sequencing of the 18S ribosomal DNA (rDNA) gene using healthy skin fragments. Additionally, PCR amplification of the kDNA minicircles region specific to the Leishmania genus was performed. The PCR results were compared with those of culture-based analysis performed with the same specimen. Using cultures, T. caninum and Leishmania chagasi were isolated from 11 and 12 dogs, respectively, whereas the 18S rDNA PCR assay detected parasitic infection in 35 dogs. Among these, 25 dogs showed an amplification pattern similar to T. caninum and 10 showed a pattern similar to L. chagasi; these results were confirmed by sequencing analysis. The kDNA PCR analysis showed that 14 dogs were positive for Leishmania infection. Of these, 2 dogs showed negative culture results and 12 were positive for L. chagasi, including 4 with negative 18S rDNA PCR results. Thus far, culture-based testing has been the only tool used successfully for T. caninum diagnosis. Our results demonstrate that 18S rDNA PCR-based test should be a useful diagnostic tool, particularly for distinguishing between T. caninum and L. chagasi infections in areas where these 2 parasites co-exist.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Abstract Trypanosoma caninum constitutes the most recent trypanosomatid species infecting dogs in Brazil. Due to the limited data available about this parasite, this study aims to disclose clinical and laboratory findings from 14 dogs naturally infected. The dogs were diagnosed during a cross-sectional survey in Cuiabá (Mato Grosso, Brazil) and followed-up at interval of 3, 6 and 12 mo in order to evaluate the clinical evolution, and to investigate the parasite and/or DNA in different biological samples (intact skin, cutaneous scar, blood, bone marrow and lymph node aspirate) by parasitological (culture and smear exam) and molecular (DNA-based tests) methods. Specific anti-T. caninum and anti-Leishmania antibody production was also evaluated. Ten of 14 dogs infected by T. caninum showed a good general state at the time of diagnosis, and this status did not vary during the follow-up. Anti-T. caninum and anti-Leishmania IgG antibodies were detected by IFAT in 10 and 2 animals, respectively. Concomitant infection by Leishmania chagasi was confirmed in 2 dogs, evidencing the overlap of endemic areas in Cuiabá. Our results indicate that T. caninum infection can be manifested as asymptomatic case with low humoral immune response. Furthermore, despite examination of several biological samples, T. caninum (parasite or DNA) was found only in the intact skin in all animals.
Journal of Parasitology 12/2013; · 1.32 Impact Factor
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The accurate diagnosis of canine visceral leishmaniasis (CanL) is essential for visceral leishmaniasis control. To this end, DNA detection on different biological samples has been employed. In this study, we report the use of polymerase chain reaction (PCR) assay on samples such as buffy coat, bone marrow, intact skin and cutaneous ulcers fragments, and lymph node aspirate collected from 430 dogs to determine the suitable biological sample for use in CanL diagnosis. The PCR results were correlated with clinical status and other tests previously performed. Leishmania chagasi DNA was detected in 14.6% (n = 63) of the dogs investigated, regardless of the sample analyzed. Our results showed that symptomatic cases were easily diagnosed when compared to asymptomatic animals; however, the PCR proved to be very useful for Leishmania DNA detection, mainly in lymph node aspirate (41; 9.6%), irrespective of the clinical status of the dog. The finding that the lymph node aspirate produced high positivity rates and the fact that this specimen was obtained by noninvasive methods highlight its use in epidemiological survey by PCR for CanL diagnosis.
Diagnostic microbiology and infectious disease 04/2013; · 2.45 Impact Factor
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Studies report the occurrence of Leishmania (Leishmania) hertigi in northern states of Brazil. In the present investigation, we describe the isolation of L. (L.) hertigi from a porcupine (Coendou sp.) found in Brasília, Federal District, center-west region of Brazil. During a study on canine visceral leishmaniasis conducted in the city of Brasília, Federal District, a porcupine was found dead on a public road. The animal was identified and fragments of intact skin and spleen were collected for isolation of parasite in the culture. This report of the occurrence of L. hertigi in another part of Brazil may help establish the distribution of this parasite in the country. Further studies are needed to better understand the role of L. hertigi in the pathology and pathogenesis of leishmaniasis and its survival in mammals and possible vectors.
Revista brasileira de parasitologia veterinaria = Brazilian journal of veterinary parasitology: Orgao Oficial do Colegio Brasileiro de Parasitologia Veterinaria 03/2013; · 0.72 Impact Factor