[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: In order to examine the efficacy and safety of nanoparticle albumin-bound paclitaxel (nab-P) in combination with bevacizumab (B) and gemcitabine (G) for the first-line treatment of patients with HER2-negative metastatic breast cancer (MBC). In this single-center, open-label phase II trial, patients with HER2-negative MBC received gemcitabine 1500 mg/m(2), nab-paclitaxel 150 mg/m(2), and bevacizumab 10 mg/kg (each administered intravenously) on days 1 and 15 of a 28-day cycle. The primary end point was progression free survival (PFS); secondary end points were overall response rate (ORR), complete (CR) and partial (PR) response rates, clinical benefit (ORR + stable disease), overall survival (OS), and safety. Thirty patients were enrolled. One patient was ineligible and was not included in analysis. Median PFS was 10.4 months (95% CI: 5.6-15.2 months). ORR was 75.9%, comprising eight (27.6%) CRs and 14 (48.3%) PRs; five patients had stable disease (SD) and two patients (6.9%) had progressive disease (PD) as their best response. The clinical benefit rate was 93.1% (27/29) in the overall group and 84.6% in the triple-negative cohort (11/13). The 18-month survival rate was 77.2% (95% CI: 51.1-90.5%). Eight (27.6%) patients experienced grade 3 or 4 toxicity: grade 4 neutropenic fever (n = 1) and grade 3 infection (n = 6), leukopenia, thrombocytopenia, peripheral neuropathy, seizure, shortness of breath, hematuria, and cardiac tamponade (one each). First-line therapy with nab-P, B, and G demonstrated a median PFS of 10.4 months and a 75.9% ORR with acceptable toxicity; this novel combination warrants investigation in a randomized study.
Breast Cancer Research and Treatment 09/2010; 123(2):427-35. · 4.47 Impact Factor
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Successful therapeutic regimens in metastatic breast cancer (MBC) must balance efficacy and tolerability. Docetaxel/capecitabine is an active and commonly used doublet in this setting. Docetaxel upregulates thymidine phosphorylase and thus potentiates the antitumor effects of capecitabine. A schedule with split, low-dose docetaxel in combination with low-dose capecitabine could improve the therapeutic index of this regimen without compromising its clinical activity.
Patients with previously untreated HER2/neu-negative MBC were eligible. Treatment consisted of docetaxel 25 mg/m2 on days 1 and 8 in combination with capecitabine 750 mg/m2 twice daily on days 1-14 of a 3-week cycle. Thirty-nine women were enrolled. Median age was 55 years (range, 36-75 years). Fourteen patients had triple-negative disease. Sites of metastasis were as follows: bone (n = 27); liver (n = 15); lung (n = 17); nonregional chest (n = 4); lymph nodes (n = 2); and skin (n = 1). Six patients had bone-only disease. All subjects had a performance status of 0/1. A total of 329 cycles were administered (median, 6; range, 1-50).
Of 37 patients who received study treatment, 32 had evaluable disease, 1 had a complete response, and 15 had a partial response (overall response rate was 50% in evaluable patients and 43% in the intent-to-treat analysis). Six patients had stable disease. The overall clinical benefit rate was 69% for patients with evaluable disease and 60% overall. Fifteen patients had disease that progressed or had been withdrawn from study at the time of first evaluation. With a median follow-up of 25 months, median time to treatment failure was 4.25 months (95% CI, 1.5-7 months), and median overall survival has not yet been reached. Toxicity was moderate: 15 patients (41%) had grade 3/4 adverse events.
Split, low-dose docetaxel and low-dose capecitabine is an active combination in the first-line treatment of patients with MBC. Toxicity with this schedule was manageable, making it an attractive regimen for further study in combination with targeted agents.
Clinical Breast Cancer 05/2008; 8(2):162-7. · 2.42 Impact Factor
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Paclitaxel albumin-bound particles (nab-paclitaxel, ABRAXANE) (nab-P) improve outcomes when compared against single agent cremophor-based paclitaxel, as do the addition of bevacizumab (B) or gemcitabine (G) to the same agent. There are no available data regarding combinations of nab-P with B and/or G. Ongoing investigational efforts are evaluating various doublets with these agents, but, to the best of our knowledge, not all 3 of them in the same regimen. All drugs are currently FDA-approved in the treatment of cancer.
Review of single-institution experience, evaluating safety and preliminary evidence of activity with the use of nab-P and B with and without G in heavily pretreated her2neu-negative metastatic breast cancer patients. Assessment of response was undertaken by the investigators independently of treating physician. RECIST criteria were used.
Six women have been evaluated. Three patients received nab-P and B at the following doses: nab-P 100mg/m2, B 10mg/kg and 3 patients also received G at 1000 mg/m2; all 3 drugs were given every 2 weeks. Median age was 51 (range, 34-69). Two patients had hormone-receptor positive disease and 3 had ER/PR/her2neu-negative cancer. Median prior number of regimens was 3 (range, 2-7). Five patients had been previously treated with a taxane. One received both paclitaxel and docetaxel, and 4 received docetaxel only. A median of 16 weeks of treatment has been administered (range 8+-32+). First-cycle grade 3/4 toxicity was seen in only one patient who had a baseline grade 2 thrombocytopenia that progressed to grade 3. The thrombocytopenia resolved without transfusion or hemorrhagic complication. Other treatment related toxicities were as follows: grade 2 peripheral neuropathy, 1 patient; grade 2 nausea, 1 patient. One patient had a blood pressure of 210/140 mmHg while non-compliant with her prior anti-hypertensive therapy. Two patients had confirmed partial responses and 4 patients had stable disease.
These very preliminary data suggest that nab-P in combination with B with and without G is a safe regimen and a formal phase II trial has been developed at the University of Miami to confirm its safety and clinical activity.
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Background
Paclitaxel albumin-bound particles (nab-paclitaxel, ABRAXANE™) (nab-P) improve outcomes when compared against single agent cremophor-based paclitaxel, as do the addition of bevacizumab (B) or gemcitabine (G) to the same agent. There are no available data regarding combinations of nab-P with B and/or G. Ongoing investigational efforts are evaluating various doublets with these agents, but, to the best of our knowledge, not all 3 of them in the same regimen. All drugs are currently FDA-approved in the treatment of cancer.