Nobuyuki Hamajima

National Defense Medical College, Tokorozawa, Saitama, Japan

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Publications (451)1171.76 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: We investigated the associations between within-visit blood pressure variability (BPV) and risk factors for cardiovascular disease (CVD). The study subjects included 17,795 people aged 40-74 years who underwent health check-ups in Aichi Prefecture, Japan, and completed two blood pressure measurements. Subjects were categorized into three groups according to the difference of systolic blood pressure (ΔSBP), namely, low-BPV (≤10 mmHg), moderate-BPV (11-20 mmHg), and high-BPV (>20 mmHg). Subjects were also divided into three categories as those without prediabetes (glycosylated hemoglobin A1c [HbA1c] < 5.7%), prediabetes (HbA1c 5.7-6.4%) and diabetes (HbA1c ≥ 6.5% or under treatment for diabetes). The proportion of prediabetes and diabetes were significantly higher in subjects with high-BPV than in those with low-BPV after adjusting for age, sex, and mean SBP (odds ratio [95% confidence interval] was 1.16 [1.01-1.33] for prediabetes and 1.33 [1.06-1.66] for diabetes). Other CVD risk factors were not associated with high-BPV after the adjustment. In conclusion, increased within-visit BPV was significantly associated with the prevalence of prediabetes and diabetes, independent of mean SBP, in a large general population. Therefore, assessing BPV in a single visit may help to identify subjects at increased risk of impaired glycemic control.
    Scientific reports. 01/2015; 5:7964.
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    ABSTRACT: Cytokines, including interleukin-6 (IL-6), play an important role in the liver. The aim of this study was to investigate associations between common polymorphisms in potential functional promoters of cytokine genes and liver damage markers among enrollees of a large Japanese cohort study. Subjects included 3,257 Japanese individuals (1,608 men and 1,649 women, aged 35-69 years). Six single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in the promoter regions of five cytokine genes, IL1B (T-31C), IL6 (C-634G), IL8 (T-251A), IL10 (T-819C), tumor necrosis factor-A (TNFA) (T-1031C), and TNFA (C-857T), were genotyped by polymerase chain reaction. Information regarding alcohol intake, smoking habits, height, and weight was collected by a self-administered questionnaire. Serum aspartate aminotransferase (AST) and alanine aminotransferase (ALT) were measured during a routine health check-up. Of the six SNPs genotyped, an IL6 polymorphism (rs1800796, C-634G) was most strongly associated with a liver damage marker, AST. Mean serum AST was significantly different among the three genotypes (mean±SD, 22.7±7.3IU/L for CC, 22.8±7.7IU/L for CG, and 24.3±8.6IU/L for GG, p=0.011 by analysis of variance). The differences remained significant after adjustment for potential confounders by general linear models. The variations in mean serum AST and ALT levels were marked especially among men. Thus, the functional polymorphism IL6 C-634G may affect serum AST and ALT levels, possibly through different IL-6 production. Copyright © 2014. Published by Elsevier B.V.
    Gene 12/2014; · 2.20 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Chronic kidney disease (CKD) is known to be one of the causes of cardiovascular disease and end-stage renal disease. Among the several treatable risk factors of CKD, that of dyslipidemia is relatively controversial. To clarify the association of polymorphisms in genes involved in lipid metabolism with the risk of CKD in the Japanese population, we used cross-sectional data from the Japan Multi-Institutional Collaborative Cohort (J-MICC) Study.
    Lipids in Health and Disease 10/2014; 13(1):162. · 2.31 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Background: Evidence suggests that Ser326Cys, a genetic polymorphism of human 8-oxoguanine glycosylase 1 (hOGG1), is associated with insulin resistance and type 2 diabetes; however, the underlying mechanism is unclear. Recently, an animal study showed a significant association between the hOGG1 genotype and obesity, although evidence for such an association in humans is limited. The purpose of this study was to examine the association between the hOGG1 genotype and body mass index (BMI) and fasting blood glucose (FBG) levels.Methods: Cross-sectional analysis was conducted using the baseline survey data from a Japan Multi-Institutional Collaborative Cohort Study, which included 1793 participants aged 40-69 years. The hOGG1 polymorphism was detected using a multiplex polymerase chain reaction-based invader assay. Multiple linear regression, analysis of covariance, and logistic regression were used to control for confounding variables.Results: The Cys allele was significantly associated with increased BMI, FBG level, and total cholesterol (TC) level, even after adjustment for gender, age, energy intake, alcohol, smoking, physical activity, and family history of diabetes. An association with BMI was still observed after further adjustment for FBG and TC, but not for the study area (Amami or the mainland). The Cys/Cys genotype was significantly more prevalent in the participants with higher BMI (>27.5 kg/m(2)). However, the impact of genotype decreased and significance disappeared after adjusting for the study area.Conclusions: The present results suggest that the study area being inside Japan confounds the association between hOGG1 genotype and obesity.
    Journal of Epidemiology 07/2014; · 2.86 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Previously reported associations of a common polymorphism near melanocortin-4 receptor (MC4R) gene (rs17782313) with BMI/obesity were inconsistent, especially in East Asia, and the associations of the polymorphism with serum lipid levels have not been fully elucidated. This study evaluated the association between rs17782313 and obesity-related traits and serum lipid levels in the general Japanese population. A total of 2,035 subjects (aged 35-69 years, 1,024 males and 1,011 females) enrolled in the Japan Multi-Institutional Collaborative Cohort (J-MICC) Study. We examined the associations between near MC4R polymorphism (rs17782313) and obesity-related traits [height, weight, body mass index (BMI), weight change from 20 years old], serum lipid levels (triglycerides, total and HDL-cholesterol), and intake of nutrients (total energy and macronutrients). Polymorphism of rs17782313 (minor C allele) was positively associated with serum triglyceride levels (P for trend = 0.020) adjusted for age and sex. Analysis using a general linear model revealed that the number of minor C alleles was positively associated with serum triglyceride levels after adjustment for age, sex, and potential confounders (P for trend = 0.004). Statistical significance did not change after further adjustment for total energy intake and BMI. There was no significant association between rs17782313 and obesity-related traits including BMI. Interactions between rs17782313 and sex, BMI, or total energy intake for triglyceride levels were not significant. To our knowledge, this study demonstrated for the first time that rs17782313 was associated with serum triglyceride levels in Asian population. Further studies are needed to confirm this result.
    Endocrine 06/2014; · 3.53 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Two models of cognitive ageing, the hemisphere asymmetry reduction in older adults (HAROLD) model and the right hemi-ageing model, were compared based upon the verbal memory and visuospatial task performance of 338 elderly participants. Comparison of the developmental trajectories for four age groups (50s, 60s, 70s and 80s) supported the HAROLD model, but not the right hemi-ageing model. Performance differences between the verbal memory and visuospatial tasks in the earlier age groups decreased in the later age groups. There was a sex difference in the cognitive-decline trajectories for verbal and visuospatial task performance after the 50s.
    Laterality 05/2014; · 1.13 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Background: Asymmetric dimethylarginine (ADMA) is an endogenous inhibitor of endothelium nitric oxide synthase (NOS). ADMA binds to a substrate-binding site of NOS and then inhibits nitric oxide production from vascular endothelial cells. Elevated ADMA levels are a risk factor for cardiovascular disease. Recently, it was reported that plasma ADMA levels were negatively correlated with vegetable and fruit consumption. The purpose of this study was to examine the association between serum levels of carotenoids and serum ADMA levels in Japanese subjects.Methods: We conducted a cross-sectional study of 470 subjects (203 men and 267 women) who attended a health examination in August 2011. Serum levels of several carotenoids were separately measured by high-performance liquid chromatography. Serum ADMA levels were determined by using an enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay kit.Results: In women, the multivariate-adjusted odds ratios (ORs) of elevated serum ADMA levels were significantly decreased in the highest tertile for β-cryptoxanthin (OR 0.47, 95% CI 0.23-0.95), α-carotene (OR 0.39, 95% CI 0.18-0.79), and β-carotene (OR 0.36, 95% CI 0.17-0.73) compared to the lowest tertile. In men, significantly decreased ORs were observed in the highest tertiles of serum zeaxanthin/lutein (OR 0.23, 95% CI 0.06-0.69) and α-carotene (OR 0.26, 95% CI 0.07-0.82), and in the middle and the highest tertiles of serum β-carotene (OR 0.27, 95% CI 0.09-0.74 and OR 0.20, 95% CI 0.03-0.88, respectively) when the tertile cutoff points of women were extrapolated to men.Conclusions: Higher serum levels of carotenoids, such as α-carotene and β-carotene, may help to prevent elevated serum ADMA levels in Japanese subjects.
    Journal of Epidemiology 04/2014; · 2.11 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Hypouricemia is characterized by low serum uric acid (SUA) levels (≤3.0 mg/dL) with complications such as urolithiasis and exercise-induced acute renal failure. We have previously reported that urate transporter 1 (URAT1/SLC22A12) and glucose transporter 9 (GLUT9/SLC2A9) are causative genes for renal hypouricemia type 1 (RHUC1) and renal hypouricemia type 2 (RHUC2), respectively. In the series of experiments, two families have been revealed to have RHUC2 due to GLUT9 missense mutations R198C or R380W, respectively. Thus far, however, no studies have reported other RHUC2 families or patients with these pathogenic mutations. This study is aimed to find other cases of RHUC2. We performed mutational analyses of GLUT9 exon 6 (for R198C) and exon 10 (for R380W) in 50 Japanese hypouricemia patients. Patients were analyzed out of a collection of more than 2000 samples from the Japan Multi-Institutional Collaborative Cohort Study (J-MICC Study). We identified a novel male patient with heterogeneous RHUC2 mutation R380W. The SUA of this hypouricemia patient was 2.6 mg/dL, which is similar to that of our previous report (SUA: 2.7 mg/dL). This is the second report indicating RHUC2 patient due to GLUT9 mutation R380W. This mutation occurs in highly conserved amino acid motifs and is reported to be an important membrane topology determinant. R380W is a dysfunctional mutation which completely diminishes the urate transport activities of GLUT9. Our study revealed a second hypouricemia patient with GLUT9 R380W, a pathogenic mutation of RHUC2, which may help to expand our understanding of RHUC pathogenesis.
    Nucleosides Nucleotides &amp Nucleic Acids 04/2014; 33(4-6):261-265. · 0.89 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Interleukin-6 (IL-6) is a multifunctional cytokine that is produced by many different cell types, and plays an important role in the regulation of inflammation, immune responses, the acute-phase response, and hematopoiesis. Previous laboratory and clinical studies have shown that IL-6 causes a significant decrease in serum iron levels. Therefore, we conducted an epidemiological study to examine the association between serum IL-6 and iron levels. In total, 280 Japanese individuals aged 20-78 years were enrolled when they visited a clinic located in an urban area for Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori) infection tests and subsequent eradication; 65.3% were infected with H. pylori. Subjects with gastric cancer, idiopathic thrombocytopenia, or IL-6 > 10 pg/mL were excluded from the study. Serum iron and IL-6 levels were measured using the 2-nitroso-5-(N-propyl-3-sulfopropylamino) phenol method and chemiluminescence enzyme immunoassay, respectively. Geometric mean iron and IL-6 levels were 111.5 mug/dL and 1.77 pg/mL, respectively, for men, and 89.4 mug/dL and 1.55 pg/mL, respectively, for women. The logarithm of serum iron levels was negatively correlated with the logarithm of IL-6 levels in men (r = -0.19, p = 0.047), but not in women (r = -0.035, p = 0.65). Regression analysis, adjusted for sex, age, and H. pylori infection status, showed that the logarithm of serum iron levels was significantly associated with a decreased logarithm of IL-6 levels (beta = -0.053, p = 0.041). The odds ratio for low serum iron levels adjusted for sex, age, and H. pylori infection status was 7.88 (95% CI 1.29-48.06) in those with an IL-6 level > 4 pg/mL. Lower serum iron levels are significantly associated with higher serum IL-6 levels among Japanese adults.
    BMC hematology. 02/2014; 14(1):6.
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    ABSTRACT: Nuclear factor-erythroid 2 (NF-E2)-related factor 2 (Nrf2) is a transcription factor that regulates the expression of antioxidant genes by activating Nrf2-antioxidant response element (ARE) pathway. This study aimed to investigate association of Nrf2 gene single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs), rs35652124 (A --> G) and rs6721961 (C --> A), with various laboratory data in 464 health evaluation examinees. The genotyping of these SNPs was performed using polymerase chain reaction with confronting two-pair primers (PCR-CTPP) assay. The genotype frequencies of rs35652124 SNP were 21.1% for AA, 44.0% for AG, and 34.9% for GG. The frequency of A allele was 0.431. In male subjects, cholinesterase was significantly high, and HDL cholesterol was significantly low in (AG+GG) carriers. In female subjects, diastolic blood pressure (BP) was significantly low in (AG+GG) carriers. The genotype frequencies of rs6721961 SNP were 55.2% for CC, 34.7% for CA, and 10.1% for AA. The frequency of A allele was 0.275. In male subjects, systolic BP, diastolic BP and cholinesterase were significantly low, and iron was significantly high in (CA+AA) carriers. In female subjects, cholinesterase was significantly high in (CA+AA) carriers, and diastolic BP was significantly high in AA carriers. In conclusion, Nrf2 polymorphisms are associated with BP in Japanese.
    Nagoya journal of medical science 02/2014; 76(1-2):113-20.
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    ABSTRACT: This study aimed to assess the knowledge and practice of health care workers (HCWs) towards universal precautions (UPs) and to look into any associations between knowledge and practice. A cross-sectional study was undertaken between August and October 2012, involving 300 HCWs from four national public hospitals in Kabul, Afghanistan. A self-administered questionnaire assessing the knowledge and practice of UPs was used. Among the 300 respondents, the mean knowledge score was 5.2 with a standard deviation (SD) of 1.5. On the practice score, the mean was 8.7 (SD = 2.2). A total of 90.6% and 70.8% of HCWs believed that UPs were necessary in contact with urine/feces and tears, respectively, although UPs are not necessary in these cases. On the other hand, 57.8% reported that they always recapped the needle after giving an injection, and 31.8% did not always change gloves in between patients. There were no associations between the knowledge and self-reported practice of UPs. The HCWs in Kabul had inadequate knowledge and poor practice of UPs. Training for HCWs is needed to encourage them to adhere to practice based on improved knowledge.
    The Journal of Infection in Developing Countries 01/2014; 8(4):535-42. · 1.27 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Objective: Nrf2 is a transcription factor that regulates the expression of antioxidant genes. This study aimed to investigate the association of Nrf2 gene single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs), rs35652124 (-653A/G) and rs6721961 (-617C/A), with laboratory data and mortality in hemodialysis (HD) patients. Methods: Blood samples were obtained from 216 HD patients (119 males and 97 females; 60 diabetics and 156 non-diabetics) with mean age of 60.3±13.3 (SD) years, and mean HD duration of 9.10±8.28 years. Genotyping was performed using polymerase chain reaction with confronting two-pair primers (PCR-CTPP) assay. Results: As for rs35652124, diastolic blood pressure (BP) was significantly high in total AA carriers. β2-microglobulin was significantly low in male AA carriers. Systolic BP, diastolic BP and albumin were significantly high in female AA carriers. As for 6721961, systolic BP and diastolic BP were significantly high in female AA carriers. Cox proportional hazard analysis adjusted for age, HD duration, diabetes and Kt/V demonstrated that rs35652124 AA carriers showed higher cardiovascular mortality than (GG+GA) carriers. Conclusion: Nrf2 SNPs were associated with BP in Japanese HD patients. More notably, rs35652124 was associated with cardiovascular mortality in these patients.
    International journal of medical sciences. 01/2014; 11(7):726-31.
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    ABSTRACT: The aim of this study was to investigate the 1-year period prevalence of oral aphthous ulcers (OAUs) and their association with oral health-related quality of life (OHQOL) in patients with Behçet's disease (BD) and in the general population. In this cross-sectional study, 675 patients with Behçet's disease (BD group) and 1,097 males and females in the Japanese general population (control group) completed both questionnaires on their OAU status during the prior year and the General Oral Health Assessment Index (GOHAI). In the BD group, 84% of patients reported experiencing an OAU during the previous year, and the mean number of OAUs/year was 13. In the control group, 31% of individuals experienced an OAU during the previous year, and the mean number of OAUs/year was one. Multivariate analysis indicated that both BD patients (OR, 6.2; 95% CI, 4.8-8.0) and controls (OR, 2.6; 95% CI, 2.0-3.5) who had OAUs at least twice per year were more likely to have GOHAI scores below the norm than were controls who had fewer than two OAUs per year. The association between HLA-B∗51 and OAUs remains unknown. The presence of OAUs has a negative effect on the OHQOL of patients with BD.
    Genetics research international. 01/2014; 2014:930348.
  • Nana Fukuda, Nobuyuki Hamajima, Kenji Wakai, Koji Suzuki
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    ABSTRACT: In those with the methylenetetrahydrofolate reductase (MTHFR) 677TT genotype, enzyme activity is lowered. Therefore, these individuals might require an increased intake of folate to maintain or control blood levels of plasma folate or total homocysteine (tHcy). We examined associations of dietary folate intake with fasting plasma folate and total homocysteine (tHcy) according to genotype among 554 Japanese (207 men and 347 women aged 39-89 y) recruited in 2009. Intake of folate was estimated with a food frequency questionnaire. The MTHFR polymorphism was genotyped by a polymerase chain reaction with confronting two-pair primers. The log-transformed concentration of folate or tHcy was regressed on energy-adjusted folate intake in a linear regression analysis. Higher folate intake was associated with higher plasma folate among those with the CC (β=0.165, p=0.066) or CT (β=0.248, p<0.001) genotypes, and with lower tHcy levels only among those with the CC (β=-0.141, p=0.013) genotype. Plasma folate was significantly and inversely associated with tHcy, irrespective of MTHFR genotype. When the analysis was restricted to those with tHcy levels higher than the reference range (≥13.5 nmol/mL, n=20), these significant associations were not found. The interaction between folate intake or plasma folate and genotype was not significant in any analysis. In conclusion, dietary folate intake was positively associated with plasma folate among those with the CC or CT genotypes and inversely associated with tHcy among those with the CC genotype, but the associations were not clear among those with higher levels of tHcy.
    Journal of Nutritional Science and Vitaminology 01/2014; 60(4):231-8. · 0.99 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Gene-gene interactions in the reverse cholesterol transport system for high-density lipoprotein-cholesterol (HDL-C) are poorly understood. The present study observed gene-gene combination effect and interactions between single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in ABCA1, APOA1, SR-B1, and CETP in serum HDL-C from a cross-sectional study in the Japanese population. The study population comprised 1,535 men and 1,515 women aged 35-69 years who were enrolled in the Japan Multi-Institutional Collaborative Cohort (J-MICC) Study. We selected 13 SNPs in the ABCA1, APOA1, CETP, and SR-B1 genes in the reverse cholesterol transport system. The effects of genetic and environmental factors were assessed using general linear and logistic regression models after adjusting for age, sex, and region. Alcohol consumption and daily activity were positively associated with HDL-C levels, whereas smoking had a negative relationship. The T allele of CETP, rs3764261, was correlated with higher HDL-C levels and had the highest coefficient (2.93 mg/dL/allele) among the 13 SNPs, which was statistically significant after applying the Bonferroni correction (p<0.001). Gene-gene combination analysis revealed that CETP rs3764261 was associated with high HDL-C levels with any combination of SNPs from ABCA1, APOA1, and SR-B1, although no gene-gene interaction was apparent. An increasing trend for serum HDL-C was also observed with an increasing number of alleles (p<0.001). The present study identified a multiplier effect from a polymorphism in CETP with ABCA1, APOA1, and SR-B1, as well as a dose-dependence according to the number of alleles present.
    PLoS ONE 12/2013; 8(12):e82046. · 3.53 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Gout is a common disease resulting from hyperuricemia which causes acute arthritis. Recently, genome-wide association studies revealed an association between serum uric acid levels and a common variant of leucine-rich repeat-containing 16A (LRRC16A) gene. However, it remains to be clarified whether LRRC16A contributes to the susceptibility to gout. In this study, we investigated the relationship between rs742132 in LRRC16A and gout. A total of 545 Japanese male gout cases and 1,115 male individuals as a control group were genotyped. rs742132 A/A genotype significantly increased the risk of gout, conferring an odds ratio of 1.30 (95 % CI 1.05-1.60; p = 0.015). LRRC16A encodes a protein called capping protein ARP2/3 and myosin-I linker (CARMIL), which serves as an inhibitor of the actin capping protein (CP). CP is an essential element of the actin cytoskeleton, which binds to the barbed end of the actin filament and regulates its polymerization. In the apical membrane of proximal tubular cells in the human kidney, the urate-transporting multimolecular complex (urate transportsome) is proposed to consist of several urate transporters and scaffolding proteins, which interact with the actin cytoskeleton. Thus, if there is a CARMIL dysfunction and regulatory disability in actin polymerization, urate transportsome may be unable to operate appropriately. We have shown for the first time that CARMIL/LRRC16A was associated with gout, which could be due to urate transportsome failure.
    Human Cell 12/2013; · 1.74 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Brachial-ankle pulse wave velocity (baPWV) is a non-invasive measure of arterial stiffness obtained using an automated system. Although baPWVs have been widely used as a non-invasive marker for evaluation of arterial stiffness, evidence for the prognostic value of baPWV in the general population is scarce. In this study, we assessed the association between baPWV and future cardiovascular disease (CVD) incidence in a Japanese population. From 2002 to 2009, baPWV was measured in a total of 4164 men and women without a history of CVD, and they were followed up until the end of 2009 with a median follow-up period of 6.5 years. Hazard ratios (HRs) for CVD incidence according to baPWV levels were calculated using a Cox proportional hazards model adjusted for potential confounding factors, including seated or supine blood pressure (BP). During the follow-up period, we observed 40 incident cases of CVD. In multivariable-adjusted model, baPWV as a continuous variable was not significantly associated with future CVD risk after adjustment for supine BP. However, compared with lower baPWV category (<18 m s(-1)), higher baPWV (18.0 m s(-1)) was significantly associated with an increased CVD risk (HR: 2.70, 95% confidence interval: 1.18-6.19). Higher baPWV (18.0 m s(-1)) would be an independent predictor of future CVD event in the general Japanese population.Journal of Human Hypertension advance online publication, 31 October 2013; doi:10.1038/jhh.2013.103.
    Journal of human hypertension 10/2013; · 2.80 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Burning of biomass fuel (cow-dung, crop residue, dried leaves, wood, etc.) in the kitchen releases smoke, which may impair the respiratory functions of women cooking there. This paper aimed to compare the respiratory symptoms between biomass fuel users and gas fuel users in Bangladesh. A cross-sectional survey was conducted through face-to-face interviews and chest examination of 224 adult women using biomass fuel in a rural village and 196 adult women using gas fuel in an urban area. The prevalence of respiratory involvement (at least one among nine symptoms and two diseases) was significantly higher among biomass users than among gas users (29.9 vs. 11.2 %). After adjustment for potential confounders by a logistic model, the odds ratio (OR) of the biomass users for the respiratory involvement was significantly higher (OR = 3.23, 95 % confidence interval 1.30-8.01). The biomass fuel use elevated symptoms/diseases significantly; the adjusted OR was 3.04 for morning cough, 7.41 for nasal allergy, and 5.94 for chronic bronchitis. The mean peak expiratory flow rate of biomass users (253.83 l/min) was significantly lower than that of gas users (282.37 l/min). The study shows significant association between biomass fuel use and respiratory involvement among rural women in Bangladesh, although the potential confounding of urban/rural residency could not be ruled out in the analysis. The use of smoke-free stoves and adequate ventilation along with health education to the rural population to increase awareness about the health effects of indoor biomass fuel use might have roles to prevent these involvements.
    Environmental Health and Preventive Medicine 10/2013;
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    ABSTRACT: Renal hyperfiltration (early-stage kidney damage) and hypofiltration (late-stage kidney damage) are common in populations at high risk of chronic kidney disease. This study investigated the associations of renal hyperfiltration and hypofiltration with the number of metabolic syndrome (MetS) components. The study subjects included 205 382 people aged 40-74 years who underwent Specific Health Checkups in Aichi Prefecture, Japan. The prevalence of renal hyperfiltration [estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) above the age-/sex-specific 95th percentile] and hypofiltration (eGFR below the 5th percentile) was compared according to the number of MetS components. We found that the prevalence of both hyperfiltration and hypofiltration increased with increasing number of MetS components (odds ratios for hyperfiltration: 1.20, 1.40, 1.42, 1.41, and 1.77; odds ratios for hypofiltration: 1.07, 1.25, 1.57, 1.89, and 2.21 for one, two, three, four, and five components, respectively, compared with no MetS components). These associations were observed in both normal weight [body mass index (BMI) < 25 kg/m(2)] and overweight (BMI ≥ 25 kg/m(2)) subjects. Renal hyperfiltration was associated with prehypertension and prediabetes, while hypofiltration was associated with dyslipidemia, abdominal obesity, overt hypertension, and overt diabetes. The number of MetS components is a good risk indicator of early- and late-stage kidney damage. Therefore, kidney function should be monitored in subjects with MetS components. MetS components should be treated as early as possible to prevent the development of kidney damage and cardiovascular diseases in people with hyperfiltration, regardless of their body weight.
    Nutrition, metabolism, and cardiovascular diseases: NMCD 10/2013; · 3.52 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Background: Albuminuria is a risk factor for not only nephropathy progression but also cardiovascular disease. Oxidative stress may have a role in the positive association between albuminuria and cardiovascular disease.Methods: This cross-sectional study investigated the associations of serum levels of carotenoids, which are dietary antioxidants, with albuminuria among 501 Japanese adults (198 men, mean age ± SD: 66.4 ± 10.0 years; 303 women, mean age ± SD: 65.4 ± 9.8 years) who attended a health examination. Serum levels of carotenoids were determined by high-performance liquid chromatography. Logistic regression analysis was used to estimate odds ratios (ORs) with 95% CIs for albuminuria after adjustment for age, body mass index, smoking habits, drinking habits, hypertension, diabetes mellitus, and dyslipidemia.Results: Prevalence of albuminuria was 15.4% among men and 18.1% among women. Among women with albuminuria, geometric mean serum levels of canthaxanthin, lycopene, β-carotene, total carotenes, and provitamin A were significantly lower than those of normoalbuminuric women. Adjusted ORs for albuminuria among women in the highest tertiles of serum β-carotene (OR, 0.45; 95% CI, 0.20-0.98) and provitamin A (OR, 0.45; 95% CI, 0.20-0.97) were significantly lower as compared with those for women in the lowest tertile. There were no associations between serum carotenoids and albuminuria in men.Conclusions: An increased level of serum provitamin A, especially serum β-carotene, was independently associated with lower risk of albuminuria among Japanese women.
    Journal of Epidemiology 10/2013; · 2.11 Impact Factor

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  • 2009–2013
    • National Defense Medical College
      Tokorozawa, Saitama, Japan
  • 2004–2013
    • Nagoya University
      • • Department of Preventive Medicine
      • • Graduate School of Medicine
      Nagoya-shi, Aichi-ken, Japan
    • Tokyo Metropolitan Institute of Gerontology
      Edo, Tōkyō, Japan
  • 2012
    • The University of Tokushima
      • Department of Preventive Medicine
      Tokusima, Tokushima, Japan
  • 2000–2012
    • Nagoya City University
      • Department of Public Health
      Nagoya, Aichi, Japan
  • 2009–2011
    • Fujita Health University
      • • Department of Public Health
      • • Division of Clinical Laboratory Medicine
      Nagoya, Aichi, Japan
  • 1994–2011
    • Aichi Cancer Center
      Ōsaka, Ōsaka, Japan
  • 2010
    • Kansai University of Welfare Sciences
      Ōsaka, Ōsaka, Japan
  • 2008
    • Social Insurance Chukyo Hospital
      Nagoya, Aichi, Japan
  • 2007
    • Fukuoka Dental College
      • Department of Preventive and Public Health Dentistry
      Hukuoka, Fukuoka, Japan
    • Public Health Institute, Ministry of Health, Mongolia
      Улаанбаатар, Ulaanbaatar, Mongolia
  • 2003–2006
    • Seoul National University Hospital
      • Department of Surgery
      Sŏul, Seoul, South Korea
    • Stanford University
      • Department of Health Research and Policy
      Stanford, CA, United States
    • Aichi Medical University
      • School of Medicine
  • 2005
    • Kansai Medical University
      • First Department of Internal Medicine
      Moriguchi, Ōsaka, Japan
    • Kyorin University
      • Department of Pediatrics
      Mitaka, Tōkyō, Japan
  • 2003–2004
    • Semyung University
      • Department of Oriental Medicine and Food
      Cheongsong gun, North Gyeongsang, South Korea
  • 2002–2004
    • University of São Paulo
      • Departamento de Neurologia (FM) (São Paulo)
      Ribeirão Preto, Estado de Sao Paulo, Brazil
  • 2001
    • Aichi Prefectural Institute of Public Health
      Nagoya, Aichi, Japan
  • 1998
    • Hirosaki University
      Khirosaki, Aomori Prefecture, Japan