Maryse Lapeyre-Mestre

Aix-Marseille Université, Marsiglia, Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur, France

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Publications (260)612.65 Total impact

  • Régis Fuzier, Maryse Lapeyre-Mestre
    Pain 08/2014; · 5.64 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Each TNF-α inhibitor (TNFi) can induce lupus or lupus-like syndrome. Nevertheless, the risk may differ between drugs because of different apoptosis induction properties. The aim of this study was to assess the putative association of each TNFi with lupus or lupus-like-syndrome.
    Rheumatology (Oxford, England) 06/2014; · 4.24 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Abstract It has been suggested that the risk of acute kidney injury (AKI) increases with the number of drugs associated between non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs), angiotensin converting enzyme inhibitors (ACEis) [or angiotensin receptor blockers (ARBs)] and diuretics. We aimed to investigate whether the number of drugs associated between NSAIDs, ACEis, ARBs and diuretics was associated to disproportionate reporting of AKI in the French Pharmacovigilance Database. In reports of Adverse Drug Reactions (ADRs) recorded between 01 January 2008 and 31 December 2010, we selected patients whose medications included at least one oral antihypertensive drug. We used a case/non-case methodology. Cases were AKI and non-cases were all the remaining reports. Among the 11,442 ADR reports in patients under antihypertensive drug recorded in the French Pharmacovigilance Database, 837 ADRs were AKI (7.3%, 95% CI 6.8-7.8). AKI and the number of drugs associated were disproportionately reported (one drug alone: adjusted ROR 2.19, 95% CI: 1.65-2.89, two drugs: adjusted ROR 5.27, 95% CI: 4.00-6.94, three and more: adjusted ROR 16.46, 95% CI: 11.38-23.80). There was no significant association between NSAIDs' half-lives and reporting of AKI (adjusted ROR = 0.54, 95% CI: 0.25-1.15). Given the widespread use of these hazardous drugs in general population, caution is needed when they are associated.
    Renal Failure 05/2014; · 0.94 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Knee arthroplasty remains the goal standard in the treatment of severe osteoarthritis. Chronic postoperative pain has been reported with a prevalence ranging from 15% to 47%. The aim of this study was to compare analgesic drug consumption before and after surgery as an indicator of pain after knee surgery. A pharmacoepidemiological method, comparing analgesics and antineuropathic issues, one year before and one year after surgery, was used. All patients who underwent knee arthroplasty in Midi-Pyrenees region (2.5 million inhabitants) were identified through the Health Insurance System Database. Increase of drug issues (all analgesics, antineuropathic drugs, strong opioids) was calculated and compared between several periods surrounding the surgery (12 months, two months and 10 months before and after the knee arthroplasty). A multivariate logistic regression model was used to identify factors associated to chronic postoperative pain. The study included 1,939 patients. An increase in analgesic, antineuropathic and opioid drug consumption was observed the year after the surgery in 47.3%, 8.6% and 5.6% of patients, respectively. Multivariate analysis found a significant association between type of surgery (total knee versus unicompartmental arthroplasty) and analgesic consumption one year after surgery, and between preoperative pain and psychiatric vulnerability and increase in neuropathic drug dispensing. Conversely, older age was considered as a protective factor. This study revealed that an increase in the issue of different analgesic drugs is present in half of patients one year after knee arthroplasty. Several associated factors of drug consumption (preoperative pain, type of surgery, and psychiatric disorder) were identified.
    Pain 04/2014; 155(7):1339-45. · 5.64 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: There is no consensus on when and how to discontinue cholinesterase inhibitors (ChEI). Predictors of non-persistency of antidementia drugs have been poorly investigated, mostly during short-term periods and using administrative data. The aim of this study was to investigate the incidence and predictors of ChEI switch and discontinuation among subjects with ascertained Alzheimer's disease (AD). A total of 557 community-dwelling, mild-to-moderate AD subjects initiating ChEIs in 29 European clinic centres were assessed twice-yearly for 2 years. Antidementia drug exposure was recorded through a physician-administered structured questionnaire to document any change in drug therapy (start and stop dates, reasons). Discontinuation was defined as >35 days without any antidementia drug. Switch was defined as a change for any antidementia drug strategy within 35 days after ChEI cessation. Two separate time-dependent multivariate Cox survival analyses were conducted to identify predictors of discontinuation and switch. The incidences of discontinuation and switch were 9.65 and 12.47/100 person-years, respectively. Behavioural disturbances, low body mass index, falls, decline in Mini-Mental State Examination (MMSE) score, and AD-related hospitalization predicted discontinuation. MMSE score, decline in activities of daily living score, aberrant motor behaviour, shorter AD duration and higher nurse resource use predicted a switch. An ineffective ChEI dose and clinic specialty predicted both outcomes. Sensitivity analyses using a 60-day cut-off provided stable results. Several predictors were identified: adverse drug events and their predisposing factors, perceived loss of efficacy or disease progression on cognitive or functional scales, behavioural disturbances, hospitalization and professional practices. The latter implies a need for harmonization in AD drug prescription practice.
    CNS Drugs 02/2014; 28(2):157-70. · 4.38 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Aim: To identify prescription drugs involved in falsified prescriptions in community pharmacies in 6 European countries. Methods: A cross-sectional survey among 2,105 community pharmacies in Belgium, France, Italy, the Netherlands, Spain and Sweden was carried out to collect all suspect prescription forms. For each reported drug, the number of reported falsified prescriptions per thousand inhabitants was estimated. A falsification ratio was calculated by dividing the number of reports by the number of defined daily doses per 1,000 inhabitants per day for this drug, computed from national sale or reimbursement data. Results: On 862 prescription forms, benzodiazepines (zolpidem, bromazepam, alprazolam), buprenorphine (as an opioid maintenance drug) and tramadol were the most frequently reported. Depending on their level of use in each country, methylphenidate, morphine and flunitrazepam presented the highest falsification ratios, particularly in Spain, Belgium and France. Conclusions: Stimulants, opioids and some benzodiazepines were the most frequently reported drugs in this survey on falsified prescriptions, but differences between countries were observed. © 2014 S. Karger AG, Basel.
    European Addiction Research 01/2014; 20(4):174-182. · 2.36 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The risk of Guillain-Barré syndrome (GBS) following the United States' 1976 swine flu vaccination campaign in the USA led to enhanced active surveillance during the pandemic influenza (A(H1N1)pdm09) immunization campaign. This study aimed to estimate the risk of GBS following influenza A(H1N1)pdm09 vaccination. A self-controlled case series (SCCS) analysis was performed in Denmark, Finland, France, Netherlands, Norway, Sweden, and the United Kingdom. Information was collected according to a common protocol and standardised procedures. Cases classified at levels 1-4a of the Brighton Collaboration case definition were included. The risk window was 42 days starting the day after vaccination. Conditional Poisson regression and pooled random effects models estimated adjusted relative incidences (RI). Pseudo likelihood and vaccinated-only methods addressed the potential contraindication for vaccination following GBS. Three hundred and three (303) GBS and Miller Fisher syndrome cases were included. Ninety-nine (99) were exposed to A(H1N1)pdm09 vaccination, which was most frequently adjuvanted (Pandemrix and Focetria). The unadjusted pooled RI for A(H1N1)pdm09 vaccination and GBS was 3.5 (95% Confidence Interval (CI): 2.2-5.5), based on all countries. This lowered to 2.0 (95% CI: 1.2-3.1) after adjustment for calendartime and to 1.9 (95% CI: 1.1-3.2) when we accounted for contra-indications. In a subset (Netherlands, Norway, and United Kingdom) we further adjusted for other confounders and there the RI decreased from 1.7 (adjusted for calendar month) to 1.4 (95% CI: 0.7-2.8), which is the main finding. This study illustrates the potential of conducting European collaborative vaccine safety studies. The main, fully adjusted analysis, showed that the RI of GBS was not significantly elevated after influenza A(H1N1)pdm09 vaccination (RI = 1.4 (95% CI: 0.7-2.8). Based on the upper limits of the pooled estimate we can rule out with 95% certainty that the number of excess GBS cases after influenza A(H1N1)pdm09 vaccination would be more than 3 per million vaccinated.
    PLoS ONE 01/2014; 9(1):e82222. · 3.53 Impact Factor
  • P de Souto Barreto, M Lapeyre-Mestre, B Vellas, Y Rolland
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    ABSTRACT: Background: The burden of multimorbidity in institutionalized elderly is poorly investigated. We examined the associations of the type of multimorbidity (i.e., physical, mental or both) with the number of hospitalizations and emergency department (ED) visits in nursing home (NH) residents. Methods: This is a cross-sectional study among NH residents. Information on residents' health, number of hospitalizations in the last 12 months and hospital department of admission (having been seen in ED vs. non) was recorded by NH staff of 175 French NHs (data was collected in 2011). Participants were screened for the presence of several mental (e.g., dementia) and physical conditions (e.g., diabetes). Results: Data on hospitalization was available for 6076 NH residents. Compared to having no diseases, the concomitant presence of ≥ 2 physical conditions was the multimorbidity type more strongly associated with both the number of hospitalizations (incidence rate ratio (IRR) =1.93; 95% confidence interval (CI) =1.57 - 2.37) and ED visits (odds ratio (OR)= 1.79; 95% CI=1.24 - 2.58). The presence of a mental condition appeared to moderate the associations between physical conditions and hospitalizations, since the estimate effects were lower among people who had both physical and mental conditions, compared to those with only physical conditions. For example, compared to people with ≥ 2 physical conditions, those with multiple physical and mental conditions had lower IRR (IRR = 0.84; 95% CI=0.75 - 0.95) for the number of hospitalizations. Conclusions: Mental diseases in very old and multimorbid NH residents probably moderate the associations between physical diseases and hospitalizations. To what extent this represents either a mirror of better clinical practice in NHs or the under-recognition from the NH staff of symptoms leading to justifiable hospitalizations remains unclear.
    The Journal of Nutrition Health and Aging 01/2014; 18(7):705-709. · 2.39 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Background Romiplostim and eltrombopag, the two marketed thrombopoietin receptor agonists (TPO-RAs), have distinct binding sites and might have distinct pharmacodynamic mechanisms. The aim of this study was to compare their adverse drug reaction (ADR) patterns. Methods We selected in the French PharmacoVigilance Database all ADRs associated with TPO-RAs from TPO-RA marketing until the 31st of December 2013. Medical charts were reviewed. We conducted disproportionality analyses comparing romiplostim exposure in the reports of a given ADR pattern (thrombosis, neurological, cutaneous, gastrointestinal or hematological) to romiplostim exposure in all other TPO-RA-related ADR reports. Reporting Odds Ratios (RORs) were adjusted for age and gender. We also compared the number of reports of a given ADR pattern per million daily defined doses (DDDs) dispensed in France during the study period. Results We described 45 reports (53 ADRs) with romiplostim and 26 reports (37 ADRs) with eltrombopag. There were 19 venous thromboses. At least one other risk factor was present in 83.3% of the cases. Ten (55.6%) patients had been splenectomized previously. There were eight arterial thromboses. Another risk factor was noticed in all cases. There was no signal for an excess risk of thrombosis with romiplostim versus eltrombopag (ROR: 1.45, 95% CI [0.48–4.45]). There was a signal for a higher risk of gastrointestinal ADRs with eltrombopag (ROR: 30.28, 95% CI [3.23–383.86]) and of hematological ADRs with romiplostim (ROR: 14.36, 95% CI [1.73–119.08]). Dispensing data-adjusted comparisons led to similar results. Conclusions This study suggests different ADR patterns between romiplostim and eltrombopag.
    European Journal of Internal Medicine 01/2014; · 2.05 Impact Factor
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    Emilie Jouanjus, Maryse Lapeyre-Mestre, Joelle Micallef
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    ABSTRACT: Cannabis is known to be associated with neuropsychiatric problems, but less is known about complications affecting other specified body systems. We report and analyze 35 recent remarkable cardiovascular complications following cannabis use. In France, serious cases of abuse and dependence in response to the use of psychoactive substances must be reported to the national system of the French Addictovigilance Network. We identified all spontaneous reports of cardiovascular complications related to cannabis use collected by the French Addictovigilance Network from 2006 to 2010. We described the clinical characteristics of these cases and their evolution: 1.8% of all cannabis-related reports (35/1979) were cardiovascular complications, with patients being mostly men (85.7%) and of an average age of 34.3 years. There were 22 cardiac complications (20 acute coronary syndromes), 10 peripheral complications (lower limb or juvenile arteriopathies and Buerger-like diseases), and 3 cerebral complications (acute cerebral angiopathy, transient cortical blindness, and spasm of cerebral artery). In 9 cases, the event led to patient death. Increased reporting of cardiovascular complications related to cannabis and their extreme seriousness (with a death rate of 25.6%) indicate cannabis as a possible risk factor for cardiovascular disease in young adults, in line with previous findings. Given that cannabis is perceived to be harmless by the general public and that legalization of its use is debated, data concerning its danger must be widely disseminated. Practitioners should be aware that cannabis may be a potential triggering factor for cardiovascular complications in young people.
    Journal of the American Heart Association. 01/2014; 3(2):e000638.
  • A. Gallini, V. Gardette, M. Lapeyre-Mestre, S. Andrieu
    Revue d'Épidémiologie et de Santé Publique. 01/2014; 62:S82–S83.
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    ABSTRACT: In the field of addiction, assessment of psychoactive substance use is a key element. Nevertheless, self-reports and clinical examination underestimate the use of psychoactive substances. The implementation of urine drug screening tests (UDS) should improve this assessment. While the diagnostic value of UDS is well demonstrated, the consequences of carrying out UDS on medical management have not been established. Our aim was to summarize the evidence pertaining to the efficacy of UDS for medical management. A systematic review of clinical trials, quasi-randomized and observational studies was performed using PubMed, Cochrane database of systematic review, Cochrane central register of controlled trials, PsycINFO, National Institute on Drug Abuse, ISI Web of Science. The methodological quality was assessed with the score developed by Starrels et al.; the report quality using the CONSORT and the STROBE checklists. The main outcome was medical management or consequences of management for patients in terms of psychoactive substance consumption and its complications, be they medical, social or professional. Eight studies met the inclusion criteria: one randomized clinical trial, two quasi-randomized studies, one cohort, and four cross-sectional studies. The methodological quality was judged to be poor, with the exception of the randomized clinical trial (fair quality). The value of UDS in managing patients was not clearly indicated in these studies. Few studies, with poor quality, have assessed the value of UDS in managing patients using psychoactive substances; though with insufficiency to demonstrate the interest of carrying out UDS. Therefore, pragmatic intervention studies are necessary.
    Drug and alcohol dependence 12/2013; · 3.60 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Older adults living in nursing homes (NH) are at high risk of developing influenza and pneumococcal infections. The objectives of this study were to describe vaccination coverage for influenza and pneumococcal among French NH residents and to investigate which NH structure- and organisation-related aspects could impact on vaccination in this population. This study is based on cross-sectional data from 175 French NHs (N=6275 residents), collected in May-July 2011. Residents' vaccination status (yes vs. no) against pneumococcal infection and seasonal influenza was recorded by the NH staff (on the basis of the resident's medical chart). Residents' health-related variables (e.g., co-morbidities) and information on NH structure and internal organisation were recorded by the NH staff. Mixed-effects logistic regressions were performed on influenza and pneumococcal vaccination separately. Influenza vaccination coverage was high (n=5071, i.e., 80.8% of residents) and relatively well-distributed across NHs, whereas pneumococcal vaccination was low (n=1758, i.e., 28%) and highly variable across facilities. Mixed-effects logistic regressions confirmed that structural and organisational aspects related to the NH functioning impacted vaccination coverage. More precisely, living in a private for profit NH, living in NHs located in low-urban areas, and coordinating physician training increased the odds of receiving pneumococcal vaccine, whereas living in NHs located at high-urban areas decreased this odds. Moreover, the time spent by the coordinating physician in the NH increased the odds of receiving influenza vaccine. Prescriptions re-examination since resident's admission at the NH and the presence of an individualised health care project increased the odds of receiving both influenza and pneumococcal vaccines. Our findings suggest that a more standardised approach is needed to improve vaccination coverage against pneumococcal infection in French NH residents.
    Vaccine 12/2013; · 3.77 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Biological drugs have dramatically improved the management of moderate to severe psoriasis. Little is known about their economic impact in daily clinical practice. The aim of this study was to estimate the costs of biological drugs, in term of health resources consumption, and to compare it with costs induced by traditional systemic treatments. This cohort study was built from the French health insurance database in the Midi Pyrénées area (2.8 million inhabitants, South West of France). We compared health care costs between 'exposed' patients treated with biological drugs (adalimumab, etanercept, infliximab or ustekinumab) and 'unexposed' patients defined as patients who received traditional systemic treatments (phototherapy, acitretin, methotrexate or cyclosporin) during a 6-month period. A total of 1924 patients met the inclusion criteria. Sixty-nine patients were 'exposed', whereas 1855 patients were 'unexposed'. 'Exposed' patients had a mean total healthcare cost of 8107€ vs. 1678€ (P < 0.001) for 'unexposed' patients. They had higher costs concerning inpatient admission, medication and consultations including dermatology consultations, laboratory, non-medical care and transportation. Biological drug prescription was associated with an increase in the use of anti-infective drugs and with a reduction in the use of psychoactive drugs. The mean total health care expenditure in patients treated with biological drugs was five times higher as compared with patients treated with traditional systemic treatments. The limitation of the study is the short duration of follow-up comprising a loading dose period for some biological drugs. This may have contributed to an overestimation of drug-related costs.
    Journal of the European Academy of Dermatology and Venereology 11/2013; · 2.69 Impact Factor
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    P D S Barreto, C Sanz, B Vellas, M Lapeyre-Mestre, Y Rolland
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    ABSTRACT: The aim of this study was to describe drug treatment for diabetes in a large sample of nursing home residents and to compare subjects' health outcomes according to the anti-diabetic agents used. The cross-sectional data of 6275 residents [average age 86 years (± 8.2); 73.7% women] from 175 nursing homes in France were analysed. Participants were divided into one of the following four groups: diabetes non-drug treatment, diabetes hypoglycaemic (e.g. insulins, sulphonylurea) treatment, diabetes non-hypoglycaemic (e.g. metformin) treatment and no diabetes. Group comparisons were made on functional ability (activities of daily living score) and on the prevalence of the following variables (yes vs. no): emergency department visits, falls and fractures. Of the participants, 1076 (17.1%) had diabetes: 222 participants in the non-drug treatment group, 722 in the hypoglycaemic group and 132 in the non-hypoglycaemic group. The remaining 5199 participants made up the group without diabetes. Insulin and metformin were used by 549 and 185 participants, respectively. Activities of daily living scores differed across the four groups, with those in the non-drug treatment group being the most disabled. Adjusted multivariate analyses showed that, compared with the group without diabetes, those in the hypoglycaemic group had a higher probability of emergency department visits (odds ratio 1.26, 95% CI 1.03-1.54) and increased the incidence rate ratios (1.02, 95% CI 1.00-1.04) of disability (activities of daily living score), whereas the non-hypoglycaemic group was not significantly associated with these outcomes. The use of hypoglycaemic drugs was associated with poor health outcomes in nursing home residents. Therefore, more attention must be paid to adapting anti-diabetic treatment in this complex population.
    Diabetic Medicine 10/2013; · 3.24 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Recently, baclofen has been widely promoted for treatment of alcohol dependence in France. Our aim was firstly to describe the incidence of patients newly treated with baclofen for alcohol dependence in France from 2007 to 2011, and secondly to describe baclofen prescription patterns and prescribers. A retrospective cohort study of patients newly treated with baclofen was conducted using the "Echantillon Généraliste des Bénéficiaires" database (EGB). Patients with a first dispensation of baclofen between 01/01/2007 and 31/12/2011, followed by a second in the next 120 days, were included. Patients were considered treated with baclofen for neurological conditions if at least one of the following conditions was found to be true: (1) presence of a neurological condition for which baclofen could be prescribed, (2) dispensation of dantrolene, another anti-spastic drug, or (3) hospitalization for a neurological condition for which baclofen could be prescribed. We assumed that all the remaining patients were treated for alcohol dependence. During the 5-year period, 676 patients were incident users. While the annual incidence rate of patients newly treated with baclofen for neurological conditions remained stable, the annual incidence rate of patients newly treated with baclofen for alcohol dependence increased by a factor of 2.9 between 2007 (0.09/1000 person-years) and 2011 (0.26/1000 person-years). In the alcohol dependence group, median duration of baclofen treatment was 143.5 [74.0; 377.0] days; median daily dose was 24.4 [14.8; 39.5] mg. This study demonstrated the rapidly increasing use of baclofen in France for treatment of alcohol dependence.
    European neuropsychopharmacology: the journal of the European College of Neuropsychopharmacology 10/2013; · 3.68 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The burden of potential dementia cases without formal diagnosis on the health care system is almost unknown. This study examined the impact of potential dementia without formal diagnosis on the rate of visits to hospital emergency department (ED) of nursing home (NH) residents. Cross-sectional study. NHs (175) located in France. A total of 5684 subjects who were living in the NH for at least 1 year. Information on NHs' characteristics and on NH residents' health was recorded by NH staff. Participants were divided in 3 groups according to their dementia status: diagnosed dementia, potential dementia without formal diagnosis, and nondementia. The outcome measure was a binary variable: ED visits in the last 12 months (yes vs no). A mixed-effects logistic regression was performed on ED visits accounting for the random effects of living in a particular NH. From the 5684 participants, 1036 had been seen in the ED. Adjusted odds ratio (AOR) showed that having a potential dementia without formal diagnosis, compared with a diagnosed dementia, was associated with an increased probability of ED visits (AOR = 1.25, 95% confidence interval: 0.99-1.59, P = .061); however, when a random NH effect was entered into the model, the association between potential dementia without formal diagnosis and ED visits disappeared (AOR = 1.22, 95% confidence interval: 0.95-1.57, P = .11). The association of potential dementia without formal diagnosis with ED visits varies across NHs. This intra-NH aspect (eg, organization and care habits) should be taken into account when examining the rates of hospitalization and possibly the use of health care services in general among NH residents.
    Journal of the American Medical Directors Association 09/2013; · 5.30 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Based on evidence of an increased risk of death, drug agencies issued safety warnings about the use of second generation antipsychotics (SGAs) in the elderly with dementia. The French agency issued a warning in 2004. which was extended to all antipsychotics in 2008. Little is known about the impact of these warnings on use. We conducted a quasi-experimental study (interrupted time-series) in France, for 2003-2011, including subjects aged ≥65 with dementia and subjects aged ≥65 without dementia in the EGB database (1/97th representative random sample of claims from the main Health Insurance scheme). Outcomes were monthly rates of use of antipsychotics (by class and agent) and of five comparison drug classes (antidepressants, benzodiazepines, dermatologicals, antidiabetics, antiasthmatics). Trends were analyzed by joinpoint regression, impact of warnings by linear segmented regression. In patients with dementia (n=7169), there was a 40% reduction in antipsychotic use from 14.2% in 2003 to 10.2% in 2011. The reduction began before 2004 and was unaffected by the warnings. Use of first generation antipsychotics declined over the period, while use of SGAs increased and leveled off from 2007. Use of the five comparison drug classes increased on the period. In subjects without dementia (n=91,942), rates of overall antipsychotic use decreased from 2.3% in 2003 to 1.8% in 2011 with no effect of the warnings. Meanwhile, use of SGAs continuously increased from 0.37% to 0.64%. Antipsychotic use decreased in the elderly between 2003 and 2011, especially in dementia. The timing of the decrease, however, did not coincide with safety warnings.
    European neuropsychopharmacology: the journal of the European College of Neuropsychopharmacology 09/2013; · 3.68 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Splenectomy and rituximab are both recommended as second-line treatment in immune thrombocytopenia (ITP), but they have never been directly compared. We compared their efficacy and serious adverse outcomes in a retrospective cohort of 105 adult primary ITP patients exposed to one or other of these treatments. Primary outcome was composite: death from hemorrhage or from infection and hospitalization for bleeding or for infection. Secondary outcomes were overall mortality, hospitalization for bleeding, hospitalization for infection, as well as response and complete response (international definitions). Analyses were adjusted on a propensity score. Patients treated with rituximab (n=43) were older and had more comorbidities than the splenectomized patients (n=62). Mean follow-up was respectively 3 and 8.4 years. After adjustment on the propensity score, there was no difference between the two groups regarding the primary and other clinical outcomes. In the multivariate analysis, only a history of mucosal bleeding (HR 3.19 95%CI[1.2-8.5]) and a Charlson score ≥ 1 (HR 4.18 95%CI[1.8-9.6]) were associated with the primary outcome. These two factors were also associated with hospitalization for bleeding. As expected, response, complete response and maintenance rates were higher in the splenectomy group. Splenectomy compared with rituximab was independently associated with a response at 12 months (OR 4.4, 95%CI[1.7-11.8]). Then, adjusted analyses in this real-life cohort confirmed the better results of splenectomy compared with rituximab.
    American Journal of Hematology 08/2013; · 4.00 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The expression of pain is altered in people with dementia (PWD), increasing the risk of under-treatment in that population. The objective of this study was to determine whether dementia and the absence of pain assessment in the patients' medical chart reduced the probability of analgesics use in a large sample of nursing home (NH) residents. This is a cross-sectional study using data from 6275 residents (mean age 86 ±8.2 years-old; 73.7% women) from 175 NHs located in France. Information on residents' health status (including dementia and pain assessment) and NHs' structure and organisation were recorded by the NH staff. The NH staff sent to the research team drug prescriptions participants were taking: they were screened for the use of analgesics (dependent variable) and other medications potentially used for pain management. The prevalence of analgesics use was 46.8% (42.3% for PWD and 52% for people with no dementia). A binary logistic regression showed that PWD (odds ratio (OR): 0.75; 95% confidence interval (CI): 0.66 - 0.85) and those who had no pain assessment records (OR: 0.64; 95% CI: 0.53 - 0.79) had significant lower probabilities of taking analgesics; these results were independent of pain complaints. Results remained fairly unchanged after performing several sensitivity analyses. Our results suggest that improvements are needed in pain management in NHs, particularly for PWD. Implementing systematic evaluations of pain in NHs' routine would contribute to a better management of pain, which can lead to important benefits for residents.
    Pain 07/2013; · 5.64 Impact Factor

Publication Stats

2k Citations
612.65 Total Impact Points

Institutions

  • 2012–2013
    • Aix-Marseille Université
      Marsiglia, Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur, France
  • 2009–2013
    • Unité Inserm U1077
      Caen, Lower Normandy, France
  • 2002–2013
    • University of Toulouse
      Tolosa de Llenguadoc, Midi-Pyrénées, France
  • 1991–2013
    • Centre Hospitalier Universitaire de Toulouse
      • • Service de Médecine Interne et Gérontologie Clinique
      • • Service de Pharmacologie Clinique
      Tolosa de Llenguadoc, Midi-Pyrénées, France
  • 2004–2012
    • Paul Sabatier University - Toulouse III
      • Faculté de médecine Purpan
      Toulouse, Midi-Pyrenees, France
  • 2010
    • Centre Hospitalier Universitaire de Poitiers
      Poitiers, Poitou-Charentes, France
  • 1995–2010
    • Centre Hospitalier Universitaire de Rennes
      Roazhon, Brittany, France
  • 2006–2009
    • Clinique Pasteur, Toulouse
      Tolosa de Llenguadoc, Midi-Pyrénées, France
    • Universidad de Valladolid
      • Facultad de Medicina
      Valladolid, Castille and León, Spain
  • 2003
    • Assistance Publique Hôpitaux de Marseille
      Marsiglia, Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur, France