Hiroko Itoh

University of Toyama, Тояма, Toyama, Japan

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Publications (25)66.1 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: Schizophrenia is considered as a "neurodegenerative" and "neurodevelopmental" disorder, the pathophysiology of which may include hypofunction of the N-methyl-d-aspartate receptor (NMDA-R) or subsequent pathways. Accordingly, administration of NMDA-R antagonists to rodents during the perinatal period may emulate some core pathophysiological aspects of schizophrenia. The effect of 4-day (postnatal day; PD 7-10) administration of MK-801, a selective NMDA-R antagonist, on gene expression in the medial prefrontal cortex (mPFC), hippocampus, and amygdala was evaluated using quantitative polymerase chain reaction methods. Specifically, we sought to determine whether genes related to Glu transmissions, for example those encoding for NMDA-Rs, metabotropic Glu receptors (mGluRs), or Glu transporters, were altered by neonatal treatment with MK-801. Model rats showed downregulation of the mGluR3 subtype in the mPFC around puberty, especially at PD 35 in response to MK-801 or during ontogenesis without pharmacological manipulations. Genes encoding for other mGluRs subtypes, that is NMDA-Rs and Glu transporters, were not affected by the neonatal insult. These results suggest that NMDA-R antagonism in the early course of development modulates the expression of mGluR3 in mPFC around puberty. Thus, mGluR3 may serve as a potential target to prevent the onset and progression of schizophrenia. Synapse, 2014. © 2014 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.
    Synapse 02/2014; · 2.31 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Serotonin 1A receptor (5-HT1A-R) agonists have been demonstrated to elicit antidepressant and anxiolytic effects. Lactate has been considered to play a major role in energy metabolism in the brain. Specifically, extracellular lactate concentrations (eLAC) have been suggested to reflect neural activity. Mild physical (e.g., handling) and non-physical (e.g., psychological) stressors have been shown to increase eLAC in several brain regions, including the medial prefrontal cortex (mPFC) and basolateral amygdala (BLA). Using in vivo microdialysis technique, we measured eLAC in the mPFC and BLA of rats under electric footshock stress to clarify the effect of repeated injection procedure (saline, once daily for 14days) as a stressor on brain energy metabolism. Then, we examined the effect of chronic treatment with tandospirone, a 5-HT1A-R partial agonist, on eLAC during footshock stress in the mPFC. Footshock stress led to an increase in eLAC both in the mPFC and BLA in rats without injections. Repeated saline injection increased basal eLAC in the BLA, while footshock-induced lactate increment was reduced. In the mPFC, repeated saline injection did not affect basal eLAC and footshock-induced eLAC increments. Chronic treatment with tandospirone, at 0.2 and 1.0mg/kg/day, but not 2.0mg/kg/day, attenuated footshock stress-induced eLAC elevation in the mPFC. These observations suggest that eLAC in the BLA is sensitive to repeated exposure to physical stress. Data also indicate chronic treatment with tandospirone diminishes acute energy demands during neural activation in the mPFC. The implications of the present findings in relation to clinical efficacy of 5-HT1A agonists are discussed.
    Pharmacology Biochemistry and Behavior 10/2013; · 2.82 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: T-817MA [1-{3-[2-(1-benzothiophen-5-yl)ethoxy]propyl}azetidin-3-ol maleate] is a newly synthesized neuroprotective agent for the treatment of psychiatric disorders characterized by cognitive disturbances, such as Alzheimer's disease. Cognitive impairment has also been suggested to be a cardinal feature of schizophrenia. We sought to determine whether T-817MA would ameliorate sensorimotor gating deficits and loss of parvalbumin (PV)-positive γ-aminobutyric acid (GABA) neurons in the brain of rats transiently exposed to MK-801, an N-methyl-d-aspartate receptor blocker, in the neonatal stage, as an animal model of schizophrenia. Prepulse inhibition (PPI) was examined in rats treated neonatally with MK-801 (postnatal day; PD 7-10, 0.2 mg/kg/day, s.c.) or vehicle at PD 35 and PD 63. The number of PV-positive GABAergic neurons in the medial prefrontal cortex (mPFC) and the hippocampus was measured after the behavioral assessments. T-817MA (10 or 20 mg/kg) or vehicle was administered for 14 days (on PD 49-62). Administration of T-817MA at 20 mg/kg, but not 10 mg/kg, ameliorated PPI deficits and completely reversed the decrease in the number of PV-positive GABAergic neurons in rats given MK-801. These results indicate that T-817MA may provide a novel therapeutic approach for the treatment of cognitive deficits of schizophrenia.
    Journal of Psychiatric Research 02/2012; 46(5):622-9. · 4.09 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The number of parvalbumin (PV)-positive γ -aminobutyric acid (GABA) neurons is decreased in the brain of rats transiently exposed to MK-801, an N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA) receptor blocker, in the neonatal stage (Uehara et al. (2012)). T-817MA [1-{3-[2-(1-benzothiophen-5-yl)ethoxy]propyl} azetidin-3-ol maleate] is a neuroprotective agent synthesized for the treatment of psychiatric disorders characterized by cognitive disturbances, such as dementia. We herein sought to determine whether T-817MA, haloperidol (HPD), or risperidone (RPD) would ameliorate the decrease in the number of PV-positive GABA neurons in the medial prefrontal cortex (mPFC) and hippocampus of the model animals. Rats were treated with MK-801 (0.2 mg/kg/day) or vehicle on postnatal days (PD) 7-10, and the number of PV-positive neurons in the mPFC and hippocampus were measured on PDs 63. T-817MA (20 mg/kg), HPD (1 mg/kg), or RPD (1 mg/kg) were administered during PDs 49-62. Fourteen-day administration of T-817MA reversed the decrease in the number of PV-positive neurons in the above brain regions of rats given MK-801, whereas HPD and RPD were ineffective. These results indicate that T-817MA provides a novel pharmacologic strategy to enhance cognitive function in patients with schizophrenia.
    ISRN psychiatry. 01/2012; 2012:947149.
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    ABSTRACT: Decreased activity of the medial prefrontal cortex (mPFC) has been considered a basis for core symptoms of schizophrenia, an illness associated with a neurodevelopmental origin. Evidence from preclinical and clinical studies indicates that serotonin (5-HT)1A receptors play a crucial role in the energy metabolism of the mPFC. This study was undertaken to determine (1) if transient blockade of N-methyl-D-aspartate receptors during the neonatal stage inhibit energy demands in response to stress, as measured by extracellular lactate concentrations, in the mPFC at the young adult stage, and (2) if tandospirone, a 5-HT1A partial agonist, reverses the effect of the neonatal insult on energy metabolism. Male pups received MK-801 (0.20 mg/kg) on postnatal days (PDs) 7-10. On PD 63, footshock stress-induced lactate levels were measured using in vivo microdialysis technique. Tandospirone (0.1, 1.0, and 5.0 mg/kg) was administered once daily for 14 days before the measurement of lactate levels. Neonatal MK-801 treatment suppressed footshock stress-induced lactate production in the mPFC, but not caudate-putamen, whereas basal lactate levels were not significantly changed in either brain region. The MK-801-induced suppression of footshock stress-induced lactate production in the mPFC was attenuated by tandospirone at 1.0mg/kg/day, but not 0.1 or 5.0 mg/kg/day, which is an effect antagonized by coadministration of WAY-100635, a selective 5-HT1A antagonist. These results suggest a role for impaired lactate metabolism in some of the core symptoms of schizophrenia, for example, negative symptoms and cognitive deficits. The implications for the ability of 5-HT1A agonism to ameliorate impaired lactate production in the mPFC of this animal model are discussed.
    Synapse 12/2011; 66(5):408-17. · 2.31 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Abnormal fatty acid composition in neural membranes, that is, the balance between essential polyunsaturated fatty acids (EPUFAs) and saturated fatty acids, has been suggested to be related to the psychotic symptoms and cognitive impairment of schizophrenia. This study was conducted to test the hypothesis that the ability of atypical antipsychotic drugs to ameliorate positive symptoms and cognitive function relevant to daily living would be predicted by baseline EPUFAs concentrations in the erythrocyte membrane in subjects with schizophrenia. A total of 24 actively psychotic patients with schizophrenia participated in the study. After blood drawing, they were treated with olanzapine or perospirone. The Scale for the Assessment of Positive Symptoms (SAPS) and the Scale for Assessment of Negative symptoms (SANS), as well as the script tasks, a measure of event schema recognition, were administered at baseline and 3months after the start of treatment. Erythrocyte membrane fatty acid levels were analysed using a gas chromatography system. Scores of SAPS and SANS, as well as script task performance, were improved during treatment with either antipsychotic drug. Regression analysis indicates baseline EPUFAs concentrations were positively and negatively related with percent improvement of positive symptoms and script task performance, respectively. The results of this study suggest composition of phospholipids in the erythrocyte membrane provide a feasible marker to predict treatment response in patients with schizophrenia.
    Psychiatry Research 03/2011; 186(1):23-7. · 2.68 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Age-dependent changes of gene expression in the prefrontal cortex (PFC) of rats around the time of puberty were investigated by means of microarray and quantitative polymerase chain reaction (qPCR). About 127 and 138 genes were increased and decreased, respectively, in the PFC of rats at post-puberty (PD56) compared with those at pre-puberty (PD35). Functional analysis showed significant associations of these genes with aging, cellular development, and neuropsychological disorders. qPCR analysis confirmed down-regulation of seven genes related to myelination. As these genes have been reported to be diminished in the brain of patients with schizophrenia, the results of this study suggest an exaggerated maturation process may contribute to the pathogenesis of psychotic disorders.
    Journal of Neural Transmission 11/2010; 117(11):1265-8. · 3.05 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Administration of non-competitive N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA) receptor antagonists (e.g. phencyclidine, MK-801) has been shown to elicit behavioral abnormalities related to symptoms of schizophrenia, such as spontaneous locomotor activity and impaired sensorimotor gating, as represented by deficits of prepulse inhibition (PPI). We sought to determine whether transient blockade of NMDA receptors at the neonatal stage would produce dopamine supersensitivity around puberty, as manifested by these behavioral measures. For this purpose, we examined methamphetamine (MAP; 1.0mg/kg, i.p.)-induced locomotor activity and PPI in pre- (postnatal day; PD 36-38) or post- (PD 64-66) puberty in rats administered MK-801 (0.2mg/kg/day, s.c.) between PD 7 and PD 10. Neonatal MK-801 treatment augmented MAP-induced hyperlocomotion especially in the early adulthood, whereas spontaneous locomotor activity and rearing were not changed. MK-801 administration also disrupted PPI without affecting startle amplitudes around puberty. These findings suggest that transient exposure to MK-801 in the neonatal stage causes exaggerated dopamine transmission and cognitive deficits, particularly in the post-puberty stage.
    Brain research 09/2010; 1352:223-30. · 2.46 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The purpose of this study was to determine if the functional single nucleotide polymorphisms of rs6259 C(-1019)G in the promoter region, which regulates serotonin 5-HT(1A) receptor transcription, affects the ability of antipsychotic drugs to improve attention in patients with schizophrenia. Subjects were neuroleptic-free and meeting DSM-IV-TR criteria for schizophrenia. Psychopathology and attention were evaluated with the Scale for the Assessment of Positive Symptoms (SAPS) and the Scale for the Assessment of Negative Symptoms (SANS) at baseline and 3 months after treatment with atypical antipsychotic drugs (AAPDs). DNA was extracted from peripheral blood following standard procedures. Genotyping was performed with HS-Taq assay (LaboPass). Data were available from 30 subjects (male/female=19/11), in which 17 had the CC genotype, three had the GG genotype, and 10 were heterozygous. The 3-month treatment with AAPDs was associated with significant improvements in positive and negative symptoms, but not attention as measured by SANS-Attention subscale in the entire subject group. There were no significant differences in the degree of improvements of SAPS and SANS scores between the CC genotype group and the (C/G plus G/G) combined group. On the other hand, improvement of attention was significantly greater for the former group compared to the latter group (P<0.016), suggesting a detrimental influence of the G-allele. These results provide additional support to the role of 5-HT(1A) receptors in some of the cognitive disturbances of schizophrenia. Further studies with a larger number of subjects are warranted.
    Advances in Therapy 05/2010; 27(5):307-13. · 2.44 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Blockade of N-methyl-D-asparate (NMDA) receptors has been shown to produce some of the abnormal behaviors related to symptoms of schizophrenia in rodents and human. Neonatal treatment of rats with non-competitive NMDA antagonists has been shown to induce behavioral abnormality in a later period. The aim of this study was to determine whether brief disruption of NMDA receptor function during a critical stage of development is sufficient to produce sensorimotor-gating deficits in the late adolescence or early adulthood in the rat. Male pups received the NMDA receptor blocker MK-801 (0.13 or 0.20 mg/kg), or an equal volume of saline on postnatal day (PD) 7 through 10. The animals were tested twice for prepulse inhibition (PPI) and locomotor activity in pre- (PD 35-38) and post- (PD 56-59) puberty. Neonatal exposure to both doses MK-801 disrupted PPI in the adolescence and early adulthood. Low-dose MK-801 elicited long-term effects on startle amplitudes, whereas high-dose MK-801 did not. Neither dose of MK-801 showed a significant effect on spontaneous locomotor activity, whereas the high dose attenuated rearing. The results of this study suggest neonatal exposure to MK-801 disrupted sensorimotor gating in the adolescence and early adulthood stages. These findings indicate that rats transiently exposed to NMDA blockers in neonatal periods are useful for the study of the pathophysiology and treatment of schizophrenia.
    Psychopharmacology 05/2009; 206(4):623-30. · 4.06 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Recent studies have found that lactate metabolism plays a significant role in energy supply during acute neural activation in the brain. We will review evidence from microdialysis studies for a relationship between neurotransmitters and lactate production, as revealed in studies of the effects of psychotropic drugs on stress-induced enhancement of extracellular lactate concentrations. Glutamate enhances stress-induced lactate production via activation of N-methyl-D-asparate receptors, and is affected by uptake of glutamate through glutamate transporters. Findings from microdialysis studies suggest that major neurotransmitters, including norepinephrine, dopamine, serotonin, and GABA (via benzodiazepine-receptors) affect lactate production, depending on brain areas, especially during stress. Among these neurotransmitters, glutamate may principally contribute to the regulation of lactate production, with other neurotransmitter systems affecting the extracellular lactate levels in a glutamate-mediated manner. The role for anaerobic metabolism in the supply of energy, as represented by lactate dynamics, deserves further clarification. Monitoring with intracerebral microdialysis is a reliable method for this purpose. Research into this area is likely to provide a novel insight into the mode of action of psychotropic drugs, and the pathophysiology of some of the stress-related mental disorders as well.
    Pharmacology Biochemistry and Behavior 09/2008; 90(2):273-81. · 2.82 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Neurodegenerative changes have been suggested to provide a basis for the pathophysiology of schizophrenia. T-817MA (1-{3-[2-(1-benzothiophen-5-yl) ethoxy] propyl} azetidin-3-ol maleate) is a novel compound with neuroprotective and neurite-outgrowth effects, as elicited in rat primary cultured neurons. We examined the effect of T-817MA on phencyclidine (PCP)-induced disruption of prepulse inhibition (PPI), a measure of sensorimotor gating, in male Wistar rats. In chronic experiments, male Wistar rats were injected intermittently with PCP (2.0 mg/kg, i.p., three times per week) or vehicle (saline, 2.0 ml/kg) for 1 month. T-817MA (0.21 or 0.07 mg/ml, p.o.) or distilled water was administered throughout the study period. In an acute experiment, T-817MA (8.4 mg/kg, p.o.) or distilled water was administered, followed by treatment with PCP (2.0 mg/kg, i.p.) or vehicle (saline, 2.0 ml/kg), before PPI measurements. Intermittent administration of PCP for 1 month induced persistent disruption of PPI. Coadministration of T-817MA at 0.21 mg/ml but not 0.07 mg/ml completely blocked PCP-induced disruption of PPI, whereas T-817MA (0.21 mg/ml) by itself did not show a significant effect on PPI in control rats. On the other hand, single administration of T-817MA did not affect PPI disruption by acute treatment with PCP. These results suggest that T-817MA is effective in ameliorating sensorimotor gating deficits caused by chronic PCP treatment, possibly via neuroprotective actions. Our findings provide a novel therapeutic approach for patients with schizophrenia.
    Psychopharmacology 05/2008; 197(3):457-64. · 4.06 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Abnormal metabolism of essential polyunsaturated fatty acids (EPUFAs), a component of phospholipids in neural membranes, has been suggested to be related to the pathophysiology of schizophrenia. The purpose of this study was to examine the relationship between EPUFA concentrations in erythrocyte membranes, a peripheral measure of phospholipid composition in the brain, and clinical variables, such as cognitive performance relevant to social functions, in patients with schizophrenia. Erythrocyte membrane levels of EPUFAs, saturated fatty acids, and monounsaturated acids were measured in 25 patients with schizophrenia and 32 age- and gender-matched 32 normal volunteers. The script tasks, a measure of social cognition, and the Brief Psychiatric Rating Scale were administered to the patients. The levels of EPUFAs, but not those of saturated or monosaturated fatty acids, were significantly lower in patients than in normal controls. The degree of a decrease in EPUFA levels was positively correlated with severity of positive symptoms and impairment of frequency judgment performance on the script tasks, while no such correlations were found with negative symptoms, attention as measured by the Wechsler Adult Intelligence Scale-Revised-Digit Span, or verbal memory as measured by the Auditory Verbal Learning Test. These results provide the first suggestion for a contribution of decreased levels of EPUFAs to impaired social cognition, as represented by event schema, in patients with schizophrenia.
    Psychiatry Research 02/2008; 157(1-3):87-93. · 2.68 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Rodents treated with N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA) antagonists have been thought to be an animal model of schizophrenia. In this study, we examined gene expression in the amygdala of rats chronically treated with MK-801, as well as behavioral changes, such as social behavior, in these animals. The social interaction test, a measure of social behavior, and locomotor activity was performed in male Wistar rats injected with MK-801 (0.13 mg/kg i.p.) or saline for 14 days. Changes in mRNA levels were analyzed using a GeneChip microarray system. Real-time quantitative PCR (RT-qPCR) assay was subsequently conducted to confirm the results of the microarray analysis. MK-801 decreased social interaction and increased locomotor activity in rats, consistent with previous reports. We found 23 downregulated genes and 16 upregulated genes, with the gene encoding arginine-vasopressin (AVP) being most downregulated, and that for transthyretin (Ttr) most upregulated. mRNA levels, quantified by RT-qPCR assay, were altered for genes related to neuropeptides (AVP, Sstr2), the arachidonic cascade (Ptgds), myelination (Mobp, Enpp2), neurotrophic factors (Igfbp2), and hormonal milieu (Ttr). Downregulation of the AVP gene in the amygdala of MK-801-treated rats may provide a basis for the ability of AVP-analogues to ameliorate the behavioral disturbances caused by blockade of the NMDA receptor. The results of this study provide an insight into the neural substrates responsible for the generation of psychotic symptoms.
    Synapse 02/2008; 62(1):1-7. · 2.31 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Lactate, like glucose, has recently been found to be an energy substrate for neural activity. It is indicated that lactate is produced by astrocytes under the regulation of glutamatergic tone. Using in vivo microdialysis technique, we measured extracellular lactate concentrations in the medial prefrontal cortex (mPFC) and basolateral amygdala (BLA) of rats. To investigate the role of the glutamate transporter in the modulation of footshock stress-induced energy demands in both brain regions, we attempted to determine whether the footshock stress-induced changes of extracellular lactate concentrations are attenuated by local perfusion of the glutamate uptake inhibitor dihydrokainate (DHK). Perfusion of 1.0 mM DHK produced an increase in basal extracellular lactate levels in the mPFC and BLA, whereas 0.1 mM DHK did not affect lactate concentrations in either region. DHK also attenuated stress-induced increment of extracellular lactate concentrations in the mPFC, and completely prevented it in the BLA. These results suggest that glutamate transporters regulate lactate availability in astrocytes and indicate that the rapid energy demand induced by glutamate contributes to local lactate production.
    Psychopharmacology 01/2008; 195(2):297-302. · 4.06 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Morphological studies report reductions in the volume of medial temporal lobe structures and the prefrontal cortex in subjects with schizophrenia. The present study was performed to clarify the role of prefrontal-temporo-limbic system in the manifestation of psychosis, using entorhinal cortical lesion rats as a vulnerability animal model. Quinolinic acid (lesion group) or phosphate buffer (sham group) was infused into the left entorhinal cortex (EC) of male Wistar rats. On the 28th postoperative day, methamphetamine (MAP; 1 mg/kg, i.p.)-induced dopamine (DA) release in the nucleus accumbens (NAC) and the basolateral amygdala (BLA), as well as locomotor activity and prepulse inhibition (PPI), was measured following microinfusion of lidocaine or the cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) into the medial prefrontal cortex (mPFC). Lesions of the EC resulted in enhancement of MAP-induced DA release in the NAC and BLA. Further analysis revealed that the enhancement by EC lesions of MAP-induce DA release in the NAC was particularly evident in the lidocaine-infused rats. EC lesions also enhanced MAP-induced locomotor activity, especially in the lidocaine-treated animals. By contrast, infusion of lidocaine into mPFC attenuated MAP-induced DA release in the BLA, irrespective of the lesion status. Both EC lesions and lidocaine infusion disrupted PPI. These results indicate that inactivation of the mPFC, as well as structural abnormalities in the EC, leads to dysregulation of DAergic neurotransmissions in the limbic regions. The implications of these findings in relation to the neural basis for psychosis vulnerability are discussed.
    Synapse 07/2007; 61(6):391-400. · 2.31 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Glucose and lactate have been shown to play a significant role in energy metabolism in the brain. In the present study, the relationship between extracellular glucose and lactate concentrations in the nucleus accumbens (NAC) was determined with in vivo microdialysis technique. We further evaluated the effect of dopamine (DA) receptor agonists on energy metabolism. Extracellular glucose levels were increased following inactivation of neurons by tetrodotoxin (TTX) perfusion, whereas neural activation by veratridine or K(+) perfusion decreased extracellular glucose concentrations. By contrast, lactate levels were increased by veratridine or K(+) perfusion, but were unaltered by TTX. Apomorphine (0.05 mg/kg), a mixed D1/D2 receptor agonist, did not alter the extracellular glucose and lactate concentrations, while a higher dose (0.5 mg/kg) increased them. Bromocriptine, a selective D2 receptor agonist, increased extracellular glucose, but not lactate concentrations. These results indicate that extracellular lactate levels may be a more suitable indicator of acute neural activation than glucose levels, and that simultaneous stimulation of D1 and D2 receptors enhances energy demands of DA neurons in the NAC.
    Brain Research 03/2007; 1133(1):193-9. · 2.88 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Lactate has been shown to play a significant role in energy metabolism and reflect neural activity in the brain. Using in vivo microdialysis technique, we measured extracellular lactate concentrations in the medial prefrontal cortex (mPFC) and the basolateral amygdaloid (BLA) nucleus of rats under electric foot shock stress. Moreover, to examine the role of serotonin (5-HT)(1A) receptors in brain energy metabolism in response to stressors, we attempted to determine whether the stress-induced changes of extracellular lactate levels in the mPFC and BLA are attenuated by tandospirone, a partial agonist at 5-HT(1A) receptors, or perospirone, a novel atypical antipsychotic with a 5-HT(1A) receptor partial agonist and 5-HT(2A)/dopamine-D(2) antagonist property. Foot shock stress led to an increase in extracellular lactate concentrations both in the mPFC and BLA. Tandospirone (2 mg/kg) attenuated the foot shock stress-induced increase of extracellular lactate concentrations in both of the brain regions, which was blocked by pretreatment with WAY-100635, a selective 5-HT(1A) antagonist. On the other hand, perospirone (0.3 mg/kg) attenuated the increment of extracellular lactate concentrations in the mPFC and BLA, which was unaltered by pretreatment with WAY-100635. These results indicate that the foot shock stress-induced increase in lactate metabolism is partly regulated by 5-HT(1A) receptors both in cortical and limbic regions.
    Psychopharmacology 07/2006; 186(2):218-25. · 4.06 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Lactate is considered to play a significant role in energy metabolism and reflect neural activity in the brain. Using in vivo microdialysis technique, we measured extracellular lactate concentrations in the basolateral amygdaloid nucleus (BLA) of rats under electric footshock or psychological stress. We also attempted to determine whether the stress-induced changes of extracellular lactate concentrations in the BLA are attenuated by diazepam, an agonist at benzodiazepine receptors, and whether FG7142, an inverse agonist at benzodiazepine receptors, have a facilitative effect on energy metabolism in the BLA. Both footshock and psychological stress led to an increase in extracellular lactate concentrations in the BLA. Similar increment of extracellular lactate levels was observed by administration of FG7142. Pretreatment with diazepam attenuated the ability of FG7142, as well as physical or psychological burden, to increase lactate levels in the BLA. These results indicate that a variety of stressors enhances energy metabolism in the BLA, and suggest that some stress-induced changes in energy metabolism are regulated by benzodiazepine receptors.
    Brain Research 01/2006; 1065(1-2):86-91. · 2.88 Impact Factor

Publication Stats

235 Citations
66.10 Total Impact Points

Institutions

  • 2006–2014
    • University of Toyama
      • Department of Neuropsychiatry
      Тояма, Toyama, Japan
  • 2012
    • Ludwig-Maximilian-University of Munich
      • Department of Psychiatry
      München, Bavaria, Germany
  • 2003–2006
    • Toyama Medical and Pharmaceutical University
      Тояма, Toyama, Japan