[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Nowadays, drug-induced sleep endoscopy (DISE) is performed widely and its validity and reliability has been demonstrated by several studies; in fact, it provides clinical information not available by routine clinical inspection alone. Its safety and utility are promising, but still needs to be improved to reach the level of excellence expected of gold standard tests used in clinical practice. Our study compares the results of clinical and diagnostic evaluation with those of sleep endoscopy, evaluating the correlation between clinical indexes of routine clinical diagnosis and sites of obstruction in terms of number of sites involved, entity of obstruction and pattern of closure. This study consists in a longitudinal prospective evaluation of 138 patients who successfully underwent sleep endoscopy at our institution. Patients were induced to sleep with a low dose of midazolam followed by titration with propofol. Sedation level was monitored using bispectral index monitoring. Our results suggest that the multilevel complete collapse was statistically significantly associated with higher apnoea hypopnea index values. By including partial sites of obstruction greater than 50%, our results also suggest that multilevel collapse remains statistically and significantly associated with higher apnoea hypopnoea index values. Analyzing BMI distribution based on number of sites with complete and partial obstruction there was no significant difference. Finally, analyzing Epworth Sleepiness Score distribution based on number of sites with complete obstruction, there was a statistically significant difference between patients with 3-4 sites of obstruction compared to those with two sites or uni-level obstruction. In conclusion, our data suggest that DISE is safe, easy to perform, valid and reliable, as previously reported. Furthermore, we found a good correlation between DISE findings and clinical characteristics such as AHI and EPS. Consequently, adequate assessment by DISE of all sites of obstruction is very important, not only in patients with low-moderate AHI and EPS, but also in patients with a high AHI or/and high EPS, in particular to plan multilevel surgery that in these latter situations is more demanding since success may be harder to achieve.
Acta otorhinolaryngologica Italica: organo ufficiale della Società italiana di otorinolaringologia e chirurgia cervico-facciale 12/2013; 33(6):405-413. · 0.79 Impact Factor
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Voice and swallowing symptoms following thyroidectomy in the absence of any demonstration of laryngeal nerves injury are usually considered a functional outcome of uncomplicated operations, mainly related to scar formation and emotional reaction. They could be related to unapparent laryngeal nerve or cricothyroid (CT) muscle injuries detectable only by laryngeal electromyography (LEMG). We correlated such symptoms with LEMG patterns.
A total of 33 consenting patients undergoing total thyroidectomy (TT) were enrolled. Video-strobolaryngoscopy (VSL), acoustic voice analysis (AVA), and maximum phonation time (MPT) were performed preoperatively and 3 months postoperatively. Subjective evaluation of voice (Voice Impairment Score, or VIS) and swallowing (Swallowing Impairment Score, or SIS) were obtained preoperatively and 1 and 3 months postoperatively. At 1 month postoperatively LEMG was performed examining thyroarytenoid (TA) and CT muscles to evaluate the inferior laryngeal nerve (ILN) and the external branch of the superior laryngeal nerve (EBSLN), respectively.
One patient experienced transient vocal cord palsy and was excluded. The remaining 32 patients completed the postoperative evaluation. No significant difference was found between preoperative and postoperative AVA and MPT parameters. Mean VIS was significantly worse than preoperatively 1 and 3 months after TT. No significant difference was found between preoperative and postoperative SIS. LEMG evaluation of TA muscle showed decreased voluntary activity and spontaneous fibrillation potentials in one patient. LEMG of the CT muscle did not reveal any sign of EBSLN injury.
Patients frequently complain of subjective symptoms early after TT. LEMG demonstrated the absence of subclinical laryngeal nerve injury in all but one patient, confirming their functional nature.
World Journal of Surgery 03/2012; 36(6):1354-60. · 2.23 Impact Factor
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: In this study, we evaluated the effectiveness of eustachian tube rehabilitation (ETR) as treatment for otitis media with effusion (OME). Thirty-five children with persistent OME were enrolled. Patients were divided into three groups: group I (isolated OME); group II (OME and atypical swallowing); group II (OME, habitual mouth breathing and atypical swallowing). All children underwent ETR. Otomicroscopy and tympanograms were performed before treatment, and at one and three months following ETR. Considering the overall patient population after ETR (one and three months later), the prevalence of type A tympanogram increased significantly compared to before therapy (p < 0.005), while the prevalence of type B tympanogram decreased significantly (p < 0.005). We found significant differences between pre- and both post-therapy control in groups I and II. However, children in group II experienced significant improvement of middle ear conditions only three months after the end of therapy (p < 0.005). On the basis of the physiopathologic knowledge of OME and the underlying principles of ETR, we conclude that ETR can be considered a useful therapy in management of OME.
Acta otorhinolaryngologica Italica: organo ufficiale della Società italiana di otorinolaringologia e chirurgia cervico-facciale 02/2012; 32(1):26-30. · 0.79 Impact Factor
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: To investigate the relationships between objective measures and the results of subjective assessment of voice quality and speech intelligibility in patients submitted to total laryngectomy and tracheoesophageal (TE) puncture.
Twenty patients implanted with voice prosthesis were studied. After surgery, the entire sample performed speech rehabilitation. The assessment protocol included maximum phonation time (MPT), number of syllables per deep breath, acoustic analysis of the sustained vowel /a/ and of a bisyllabic word, perceptual evaluation (pleasantness and intelligibility%), and self-assessment.
The correlation between pleasantness and intelligibility% was statistically significant. Both the latter were significantly correlated with the acoustic signal type, the number of formant peaks, and the F(2)-F(1) difference. The intelligibility% and number of formant peaks were significantly correlated with the MPT and number of syllables per deep breath. Moreover, significant correlations were found between the number of formant peaks and both intelligibility% and pleasantness. The higher the number of syllables per deep breath and the longer the MPT, significantly higher was the number of formant peaks and the intelligibility%. The study failed to show significant correlation between patient's self-assessment of voice quality and both pleasantness and communication effectiveness.
The multidimensional assessment seems to be a reliable tool to evaluate the TE functional outcome. Particularly, the results showed that both pleasantness and intelligibility of TE speech are correlated to the availability of expired air and the function of the vocal tract.
Journal of voice: official journal of the Voice Foundation 12/2011; 26(5):607-13. · 0.95 Impact Factor
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: To assess and compare the functional results obtained by means of multiple-shot Erbium: yttrium-aluminum-garnet (Er:YAG) laser to those obtained using "one-shot" CO(2) laser stapedotomy in patients affected by otosclerosis. A retrospective case review was performed. Of the total number of 123 patients (114 ears) who underwent primary small-fenestra stapedotomy from January 2006 to September 2008, seven patients who received multiple-shot laser CO(2) stapedotomy were excluded from the study. The remaining 116 patients (104 ears) were sorted, and "one-shot" CO(2) laser stapedotomy (group A) was performed in 35/104 and Er:YAG laser stapedotomy (group B) in 69/104. After surgery, air conduction-pure tone average (AC-PTA) and air-bone gap (ABG) improved significantly in both groups, whereas sensorineural hearing loss (SNHL) and bone conduction (BC)-PTA did not change in both the groups. In group A, the postoperative ABG was significantly better (12.63 vs. 14.86 dB). Moreover, after "one-shot" stapedotomy, the AC-PTA significantly improved in all tested frequencies. On the contrary, in group B the AC-PTA improved significantly only in two frequencies (0.5 and 1 kHz). Consistent with previous reports, our findings confirm that laser stapedotomy is a safe and effective surgery, regardless of the technique. Based on our functional results, the "one-shot" CO(2) laser technique seems to be associated with a significantly better postoperative ABG if compared to Er:YAG laser stapedotomy.
Archives of Oto-Rhino-Laryngology 10/2010; 268(3):351-6. · 1.29 Impact Factor
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Meningeal carcinomatosis (MC) is an uncommon form of metastasis of solid tumors. In the absence of clinical meningeal or parenchymal involvements, the sensorineural hearing loss (SNHL) as the starting symptom of MC is very infrequent. We report the history of two patients affected by MC who presented first with progressive SNHL. In both cases the early magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) finding mimicked bilateral masses in the cerebellopontine angle (CPA). Only the histopathologic result and surgical biopsy in cases 1 and 2, respectively, identified masses secondary to occult malignancy. However the available investigations could not discover the primary site of metastatic carcinoma. Despite the poor prognosis, because of the rarity and severity of MC we consider important to make known our experience in order to consider metastatic tumors in the differential diagnosis for sudden SNHL.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Voice and swallowing symptoms are frequently reported early after thyroidectomy even in the absence of laryngeal nerves injury. We evaluated the short-term and long-term outcomes of these functional alterations.
Consenting patients undergoing total thyroidectomy (TT) were enrolled. Videolaryngostroboscopy (VSL), acoustic voice analysis (AVA), and maximum phonation time (MPT) were performed pre-operatively, 3 months postoperatively, and >1 year postoperatively. Subjective evaluation of voice (Voice Impairment Score=VIS) and swallowing (Swallowing Impairment Score=SIS) were obtained pre-operatively, as well as 1 week, 1 month, 3 months, and >1 year postoperatively.
The long-term evaluation was completed in 110 patients. The percentage of patients with symptoms 1 week after operation was significantly higher than preoperatively, whereas it was significantly lower at long-term evaluation. VIS was significantly worse than pre-operatively, 1 week, 1 month, and 3 months after surgery, but it was similar to pre-operative >1 year after TT. SIS was significantly worse 1 week after thyroidectomy but not 1 month and 3 months after thyroidectomy, and it was significantly lower than the pre-operative >1 year after TT.
Vocal and swallowing symptoms are frequent after TT. In the absence of laryngeal nerve injury, after an initial impairment, late after operation, patients experienced subjective amelioration of their voice and swallowing performances, which may be related to the resolution of compressive symptoms.
Surgery 12/2009; 146(6):1174-81. · 3.37 Impact Factor
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Pharyngocutaneous fistula is the most common non-fatal complication following total laryngectomy. To start oral feeding and exclude the presence of a pharyngocutaneous fistula, a subjective test and instrumental assessments using videofluoroscopy, have been described. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness of oral-pharyngo-oesophageal scintigraphy as an objective and non-invasive tool to establish presence, site and dimensions of the fistula. Observations were performed on 3 male patients, mean age 65 years, who underwent total laryngectomy and mono or bilateral neck dissection after failure of radiotherapy in 2 cases and of conservative laryngeal surgery in the third case, complicated by post-operative pharyngocutaneous fistula. Oral-pharyngo-oesophageal scintigraphy dynamic study with sequential images were obtained during the swallowing phases. In case 1, the test showed a wide pharyngocutaneous fistula the internal orifice of which was at the level of the base of the tongue: on the scintigraphic images, the radiomarked water bolus, from the fistulous orifice, descended along the stoma walls and only a small part reached the oesophagus. In the other two patients, the pharyngocutaneous fistula was small and the internal fistulous orifice was detected in the lower part of T-suture line. In conclusion, scintigraphy offered the possibility to precisely identify presence of pharyngocutaneous fistula and location of its internal orifice and to monitor its spontaneous closure. Therefore, important information could be obtained regarding the suture line status and the possibility of deciding whether to remove the nasogastric tube or to leave it in place. Finally, these data showed that oral-pharyngo-oesophageal scintigraphy could be performed in the early post-operative period to optimize starting safe oral feeding.
Acta otorhinolaryngologica Italica: organo ufficiale della Società italiana di otorinolaringologia e chirurgia cervico-facciale 10/2009; 29(5):242-4. · 0.79 Impact Factor
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The cause of about 30% of bilateral sensorineural hearing loss (SNHL) is still unknown. A viral etiology is among the most frequently proposed ones and the supposed diagnosis is only based upon few clinical and laboratory data. The detection of viral presence within a damaged compartment may represent a way to supply interesting data for confirmation of viral etiology and to explain pathogenic mechanisms.
The aim of our study was to identify the possible presence of pathogenic viruses in the inner ear extracellular compartment in patients with bilateral severe sensorineural deafness of unknown etiology who underwent cochlear implant surgery.
4 patients, aged from 2 to 7 years and affected by SNHL underwent cochlear implantation surgery and, at the same time, endolabyrinthine fluid sampling. The samples were subsequently sent for viral nucleic acid extraction and polymerase chain reaction (PCR) treatment: multiplex PCR and realtime-PCR were used. In each endolabyrinthine fluid sample, cytomegalovirus (CMV), Epstein-Barr virus (EBV), varicella-zoster virus (VZV), herpes simplex virus type 1 and 2 (HSV-1, HSV-2) and enterovirus genomes were searched for.
One patient was positive for intracochlear CMV, as confirmed by another base-pair segment PCR. EBV, VZV, HSV and enterovirus were detected in none of the 4 patients.
Our finding of CMV genome within the cochlea of a deaf patient without any evidence of acute and prenatal CMV infection suggests its possible role in postnatal inner ear injury through reactivation of latent virus within the cochlea. This hypothesis could also be considered valid for some patients with anti-CMV-IgG-positive serology and absence of endolabyrinthine viral genome since viruses can be in an inactive state at the time of fluid collection. PCR has proved to be a very useful tool in order to investigate infectious causes of deafness even for more than one virus type at a time and in a limited quantity of sample, such as the small volume of endolabyrinthine liquid collected from children during cochlear implant surgery.
Audiology and Neurotology 05/2009; 14(5):290-5. · 2.32 Impact Factor
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: To analyze and compare the preoperative factors that potentially influence the outcome of stapedotomy in our study group.
161 cases were enrolled. Clinical variables considered to influence functional results - air conduction (AC) and bone conduction (BC) pure-tone average (PTA), air-bone gaps (ABG), sensorineural hearing loss (SNHL), ABG gain and DeltaSNHL - were gender, age, case type (unilateral vs. bilateral), ear side (right vs. left), pregnancy, vascular disease and family history of otosclerosis. The audiometric variables were preoperative AC- and BC-PTA, SNHL and ABG.
Univariate logistic regression analysis showed that the probability of obtaining a > or =10 dB gain is significantly affected by the following factors: age <50 years, AC-PTA > or =50 dB and preoperative ABG > or =30 dB. All the other factors included into the registration (gender, familiarity, side, bilateral vs. unilateral, pregnancy, vascular diseases and preoperative BC-PTA) were not found to significantly affect postoperative gain (p > 0.05). Nevertheless, multivariate logistic regression analysis maintained a statistically significant correlation only between gain > or =10 dB and both preoperative ABG > or =30 dB and age <50 years.
The accurate knowledge of predictive factors is a valuable tool that permits the surgeon to plan surgery with a better case selection as well as assisting in counseling the patient with regard to the likelihood of success of the procedure.
Audiology and Neurotology 04/2009; 14(5):279-85. · 2.32 Impact Factor
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: This study aimed to assess quantitatively the effect of bilateral subthalamic nucleus (STN) stimulation and medication on hypokinetic parkinsonian dysarthria. Twelve Italian patients (11 males and 1 female) with idiopathic Parkinson's disease (mean age 60.29+/-7.50 years) and bilateral STN implantation were studied. Neurological assessments and acoustic recordings were performed in four clinical conditions combining stimulation and medication to assess the degree of motor disabilities and speech impairment. Acoustic analysis was performed by means of the Multidimensional Voice Program and the Advanced Motor Speech Profile (Kay Elemetrics, Lincoln Park, NJ). None of the evaluated parameters deteriorated after STN deep brain stimulation. STN stimulation significantly improved motor performances and vocal tremor and provided a major stability to glottal vibration. Effect of stimulation on these parameters was superior to that of levodopa. No significant variations were observed in perceptual evaluation and in acoustic parameters related to prosody, articulation, and intensity after either stimulation or medication. The improvement of acoustic parameters related to glottal vibration and voice tremor was not accompanied by a substantial effect on speech intelligibility. STN stimulation was more effective on global motor limb dysfunctions than on dysarthria, but we did not report negative consequences on speech.
Journal of Voice 06/2008; 22(3):365-72. · 1.55 Impact Factor
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Voice and swallowing symptoms are frequently reported after thyroidectomy even in absence of objective voice alterations. We evaluated the influence of the video-assisted approach on voice and swallowing outcome of thyroidectomy.
Sixty-five patients undergoing total thyroidectomy (TT) were recruited. Eligibility criteria were: nodule size<or=30 mm, thyroid volume<or=30 ml, no previous neck surgery. Exclusion criteria were: younger than aged 18 years and older than aged 75 years, vocal fold paralysis, history of voice, laryngeal or pulmonary diseases, malignancy other than papillary thyroid carcinoma. Patients were randomized for video-assisted (VAT) or conventional (CT) thyroidectomy. Videostrobolaryngoscopy (VSL), acoustic voice analysis (AVA), and maximum phonation time (MPT) evaluation were performed preoperatively and 3 months after TT. Subjective evaluation of voice (voice impairment score=VIS) and swallowing (swallowing impairment score=SIS) were obtained preoperatively, 1 week, 1 month, and 3 months after TT.
Fifty-three patients completed the postoperative evaluation: 29 in the VAT group, and 24 in the CT group. No laryngeal nerves injury was shown at postoperative VSL. Mean postoperative MPT, F0, Flow, Fhigh, and the number of semitones were significantly reduced in the CT group but not in the VAT group. Mean VIS 3 months after surgery was significantly higher than preoperatively in CT group but not in the VAT group. Mean SIS was significantly decreased 1 and 3 months after VAT but not after CT.
The incidence and the severity of early voice and swallowing postthyroidectomy symptoms are significantly reduced in patients who undergo VAT compared with conventional surgery.
World Journal of Surgery 05/2008; 32(5):693-700. · 2.23 Impact Factor
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Poor pitch resolution has been shown to have negative implications for speech and music perception in implanted patients. Surprisingly, works on the subject have not focused much on the impact that the non-correspondence between frequencies allocated to electrodes and perceived frequencies could have on speech and music perception. The aim of the present study is to investigate the correlation between pitch mismatch and speech performance with the implant, and to ascertain the effects of mismatch correction through a mapping function making a personalized frequency reallocation possible. We studied ten postlingually deaf adult patients with detectable bilateral residual hearing, implanted in our Clinic with Cochlear Nucleus devices. In each test session, we asked the patients to find the best match between the pitch elicited by the residual ipsilateral and contralateral pure tones and the pitch elicited by stimulation of electrodes. We also assessed patients' vowel and consonant recognition performance. Finally, in the only implanted patient in our clinic who had bilateral residual hearing and used a Digisonic DX10/C device, which makes manual electrode-by-electrode frequency reallocation possible, we modified electrode-assigned frequency ranges on the basis of the pitch matching test results. We found that in none of the studied patients, the electric-to-acoustic pitch matching corresponds to the theoretical assignment pattern. A very strong correlation was detected between the electric-to-acoustic pitch mismatch and patient's speech performance. In the Digisonic patient, a remarkable improvement in all phoneme recognition scores was obtained 1 month after frequency reallocation. In the light of our results, we propose to assess, whenever possible, any frequency-to-electrode mismatch in all implanted patients, and correct it through mapping programs allowing manual frequency reallocation for the pitch-matched electrodes, and automated allocation of the non-tested electrodes. Cochlear implantation should therefore be proposed when residuals for all frequencies are still present, at least in one ear, so as to allow optimal alignment between allocated and subjectively perceived frequencies.
Archiv für Klinische und Experimentelle Ohren- Nasen- und Kehlkopfheilkunde 05/2008; 265(11):1321-8. · 1.46 Impact Factor
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Personal experience is discussed in the use of botulinum neurotoxin injections into both parotids, performed in order to transiently reduce salivation in patients undergoing major ablative and ablative-reconstructive oncologic surgery for head and neck tumours. Overall, 8 adult patients (2 female, 6 male) have been treated. Six cases were affected by pharyngocutaneous fistulas, one by severe sialorrhoea and one recurrent sialocele. After the injection, patients were regularly observed at follow-up and asked to give their subjective assessment of salivary flow. Investigations concerning possible complaints, including side-effects, as well as complete examination of the head and neck area were performed. Follow-up periods ranged from 12 to 24 weeks (mean 20 weeks). Following botulinum neurotoxin injection, the fistula was dry after a mean period of 4.5 days (min 3 days, max 8 days) and was closed 6.6 days (min 5 days, max 8 days) later. The patient affected by severe hypersalivation reported subjective improvement in sialorrhoea 4 days post-treatment. The patient affected by recurrent sialocele, required only one aspiration of fluid two days after the treatment, after which there were no further problems. Post-operative saliva-related complications significantly increase patient morbidity and hospital stay after major tumour surgery. The easy, safe and effective treatment with botulinum neurotoxin injection, observed in our experience, suggest its significant role as a useful option in the post-operative saliva-related complications.
Acta otorhinolaryngologica Italica: organo ufficiale della Società italiana di otorinolaringologia e chirurgia cervico-facciale 03/2008; 28(1):13-6. · 0.79 Impact Factor
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: To evaluate the functional results obtained after voice therapy in patients with unilateral vocal fold paralysis caused by different aetiologies.
Prospective analysis of the outcome of unilateral vocal fold paralysis cases treated at our speech and language rehabilitation service from November 2003 to January 2006. Thirty cases underwent behavioural treatment, between two and six weeks after unilateral vocal fold paralysis onset. A multi-dimensional assessment was carried out before, immediately after and six months after treatment.
After behavioural therapy, the prevalence of complete glottal closure increased significantly (p < 0.05). Subjects' pre-therapy mean values for jitter, shimmer and noise-to-harmonic ratio were statistically significantly different from those taken both immediately and six months after treatment (p < 0.05). The mean values for voice turbulence index significantly improved only six months after therapy (0.08 vs 0.04). At both post-treatment assessments, voice range profile analysis showed a significant decrease of lowest voice frequency and a significant increase of the number of semitones (p < 0.05). Mean values for grade, instability, breathiness, asthenia and voice handicap index scores were significantly decreased both immediately and six months after treatment, compared with pre-treatment values (p < 0.05).
Early voice therapy may enable significant improvement in vocal function, allowing the patient to avoid surgery.
The Journal of Laryngology & Otology 10/2007; 122(9):936-41. · 0.68 Impact Factor
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The aim of our study was to evaluate the functional results of stapes surgery and to compare the effectiveness of small fenestra stapedotomy with that of total stapedectomy in improving hearing in patients affected by otosclerosis. Three hundred and fifty-seven consecutive ears, in 265 patients affected by otosclerosis, underwent surgery. All cases underwent either primary small fenestra stapedotomy (group A, 196/357, 54.91 per cent) or stapedectomy (group B, 161/357, 45.09 per cent). After surgery, 256/357 (71.71 per cent) cases showed a 0-20 dB gap. There were no significant differences in hearing results between the two groups at either early or late post-operative assessment. The mean post-operative pure tone average and air-bone gap results were slightly greater for group B than for group A, at both early and late post-operative assessments, but these differences were not statistically significant. Therefore, in group A, the mean pure tone average at 4 kHz significantly improved, from 56.60 to 47.66 dB at early post-operative assessment and to 52.98 dB at late post-operative assessment. Our study suggests that the technique of microtomy of the oval window is able to improve hearing results especially at high frequencies.
The Journal of Laryngology & Otology 06/2007; 121(5):438-43. · 0.68 Impact Factor
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The aim of this study was to evaluate the hearing results of ossiculoplasty in canal wall down tympanoplasty in one stage middle-ear cholesteatoma surgery. We carried out a retrospective review of a consecutive series of 142 cases which had undergone type two or three canal wall down tympanoplasty with ossicular reconstruction, between January 1995 and December 2002, due to chronic otitis media with cholesteatoma.Pre-operative audiometric testing revealed a mean air conduction pure tone average (PTA) of 50.97 dB and a mean bone conduction PTA of 22.14 dB. The mean post-operative result for air conduction PTA was 37.62 and for bone conduction PTA was 23.37 dB. The mean pre- and post-operative air-bone gaps (ABGs) were 28.83 and 13.94 dB, respectively, with a gain of 14.89 dB. Almost 62.67 per cent of patients closed their ABGs to within 20 dB. Our functional results are comparable with those of other authors. In the present study, we show that hearing improvement is possible following cholesteatoma surgery with canal wall down tympanoplasty and ossicular chain reconstruction.
The Journal of Laryngology & Otology 05/2007; 121(4):324-8. · 0.68 Impact Factor
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: To evaluate the functional results obtained after stapedotomy in patients affected by otosclerosis, according to the prosthesis diameter.
A retrospective case review was performed. Two hundred and twelve consecutive ears in 132 patients affected by otosclerosis were operated on. All patients underwent primary small-fenestra stapedotomy. In 112 of the 212 stapedotomies (52.83%) the 0.6-mm piston (group A) and in 100 of the 212 stapedotomies (47.16%) the 0.4-mm piston (group B) were employed.
After surgery, the difference between the two groups in the air conduction improvement (21.04 dB group A vs. 11.14 dB group B) reached statistical significance (p < 0.05). In group A, the postoperative air conduction pure-tone average improvement obtained at 0.5, 1, and 2 kHz was statistically greater as compared with group B (p < 0.05). In group A the postoperative bone conduction pure-tone average decreased by 5.19 dB, whereas in group B it increased by 2.95 dB (p > 0.05). The incidence of ears with a postoperative bone conduction worsening >10 dB (sensorineural hearing loss) was lower in group B than in group A: 5 of 100 ears (5%) versus 9 of 112 ears (8.03%) (p > 0.05). The postoperative air-bone gap was smaller in group A than in group B for all frequencies, but the difference can be considered significant at 1 and 2 kHz. The air-bone gap improvement in group A if compared with group B was statistically greater at 0.5, 1, and 2 kHz (p < 0.05).
Our study suggests that an increase in piston diameter gives better results, especially at lower frequencies. The functional results obtained after stapedotomy confirm the advantageous effect of a larger piston diameter on hearing of the speech frequencies and support the opinion of a better clinical effect.
Audiology and Neurotology 01/2007; 12(4):221-5. · 2.32 Impact Factor
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: We performed a prospective analysis on voice and swallowing alterations following total thyroidectomy (TT), in the absence of recurrent nerve injury.
Patients aged 21 to 65 years undergoing TT, in the absence of laryngeal/pulmonary disease, previous neck surgery, or malignant diseases, were subjected to videostrobolaryngoscopy (VSL), acoustic voice analysis (AVA), and maximum phonation time (MPT) tests preoperatively and 3 months postoperatively. Voice impairment scores (VIS) and swallowing impairment scores (SIS) were obtained preoperatively, and at 1 week, 1 month, and 3 months postoperatively.
Among the 127 selected patients, 39 completed the postoperative evaluation. No recurrent nerve injury was observed during the postoperative VSL in any of the patients. Preoperative and postoperative AVA and MPT scores did not differ significantly. The mean postoperative VIS was significantly higher than the preoperative VIS at 1 week and 1 month after TT (13.7 and 9.6 vs 4.4, respectively; P < .05) but not 3 months after TT (6.7). The mean SIS was higher than the preoperative SIS at 1 week, 1 month, and 3 months after TT (10.3, 6.0, and 2.8 vs 0.5, respectively; P < .05).
Physicians should inform patients that transient voice and swallowing symptoms may occur following total thyroidectomy, and our data suggest mild symptoms may occur in the majority of operated patients.
Surgery 12/2006; 140(6):1026-32; discussion 1032-4. · 3.37 Impact Factor