Toshiharu Takeuchi

Asahikawa Medical University, Asakhigava, Hokkaidō, Japan

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Publications (26)48.57 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: Renovascular hypertension is an important cause of secondary hypertension. We present the case of a 61-year-old man with renovascular hypertension caused by chronic total occlusion of the left renal artery resulting in an atrophic kidney. Although renography indicated almost no residual function of the left kidney, renal vein sampling showed a significant increase of renin secretion in the left kidney. The endocrine function of the left kidney was believed to be preserved; thus, we performed percutaneous transluminal renal angioplasty with stent placement. After the procedure, the patient's blood pressure decreased gradually to within the normal range without adverse events. The laboratory data on endocrine function and the renography findings drastically improved. Percutaneous transluminal renal angioplasty is a promising therapeutic procedure for renovascular hypertension with an atrophic kidney.
    Heart and Vessels 01/2014; · 2.13 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: We describe three cases of J-wave syndrome in which ventricular fibrillation (VF) was probably induced by corticosteroid therapy. The patients involved were being treated with prednisolone for concomitant bronchial asthma. One of the three patients had only one episode of VF during her long follow-up period (14 years). Two patients had hypokalemia during their VF episodes. Corticosteroids have been shown to induce various types of arrhythmia and to modify cardiac potassium channels. We discuss the possible association between corticosteroid therapy and VF in J-wave syndrome based on the cases we have encountered.
    Heart and Vessels 11/2013; · 2.13 Impact Factor
  • Hisanobu Ota, Toshiharu Takeuchi, Nobuyuki Sato, Naoyuki Hasebe
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    ABSTRACT: Proteinuria and reduced estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) are associated with an increased risk of mortality from acute myocardial infarction (AMI). However, it is unknown whether there is a difference in prognostic value for all-cause mortality between proteinuria and eGFR during post-AMI. A consecutive series of 101 patients admitted with AMI who received angioplasty were enrolled. Dipstick proteinuria and eGFR were assessed on admission: (i) the patients were divided into 2 groups according to the presence of proteinuria (proteinuria, n=25), or not (negative, n=76), (ii) the patients were divided into 2 groups according to lower eGFR (GFR<60mL/min/1.73m(2), n=31) or higher (GFR>60mL/min/1.73m(2), n=70). Clinical characteristics and 3-year all-cause mortality estimated by Kaplan-Meier method were evaluated in each group. Additionally, a multivariate Cox proportional hazards model was applied to evaluate which factor was associated with all-cause mortality. Mean follow-up period was 914 days. Higher brain natriuretic peptide (BNP) levels were shown in the proteinuria and lower eGFR groups, respectively (proteinuria, 301±324pg/mL; negative, 146±159pg/mL; p=0.02; lower eGFR, 294±305pg/mL; higher eGFR, 142±161pg/mL; p=0.02). Three-year all-cause mortality was higher in the proteinuria group than in the normal group (p<0.001) and in the lower eGFR group than in the higher group (p=0.006). In a Cox proportional hazards model, the presence of proteinuria [hazard ratio (95% confidence interval), 4.51 (1.07-18.96); p=0.04] was selected as one of the predictors for all-cause mortality. Dipstick proteinuria and lower eGFR in the early phase of AMI follow-up were related to increased plasma BNP level during the sub-acute phase and long-term adverse outcome. Dipstick proteinuria may be a prognostic marker for long-term all-cause mortality.
    Journal of Cardiology 06/2013; · 2.30 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: OBJECTIVE:: Combination therapy with angiotensin receptor blockers (ARBs) and calcium channel blockers or diuretics is common for hypertensive patients. This study aimed to determine which combination is better for elderly hypertensive patients. METHODS:: In this prospective, randomized, open-label trial, hypertensive outpatients aged at least 65 years who had not achieved their target blood pressure (BP) with standard ARB dosages were randomly assigned to receive either a fixed-dose combination of losartan (50 mg) and hydrochlorothiazide (12.5 mg) (ARB+D; n = 72) or a combination of amlodipine (5 mg) and the typical dosage of ARBs (ARB+C; n = 68) to evaluate the change in the BP, laboratory values and cognitive function. RESULTS:: At 3 months, the SBP/DBP was found to have significantly decreased from 156/83 ± 15/11 mmHg to 139/76 ± 14/10 mmHg in the ARB+D group and 155/83 ± 11/10 mmHg to 132/72 ± 14/10 mmHg in the ARB+C group. The BP reduction efficacy was greater in the ARB+C group than in the ARB+D group. At 6 months, the SBP/DBP reached the same level in both groups. At 12 months, the urine albumin/creatinine ratio was significantly decreased from the geometric mean of 17.1 to 9.6 mg/g in the ARB+D group, whereas it was increased from 19.8 to 23.7 mg/g in the ARB+C group. Conversely, the estimated glomerular filtration rate tended to show a decrease in the ARB+D group. There was no significant difference in mini-mental state examination after 1 year. CONCLUSION:: ARB+amlodipine (5 mg) yielded a greater BP reduction, whereas ARB+HCTZ (12.5 mg) resulted in a greater reduction in the albuminuria, suggesting that each combination therapy is advantageous in a different manner for elderly hypertensive patients.
    Journal of hypertension 03/2013; · 4.02 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: INTRODUCTION: Almost all current investigations on early repolarization syndrome (ERS) have focused on the J-wave characteristics and ST-segment configuration; however, few have reported on ventricular repolarization indexes in ERS. METHODS AND RESULTS: A total of 145 subjects were enrolled: 10 ERS patients, 45 uneventful ER pattern (ERP) subjects, and 90 healthy controls without J waves or ST-segment elevation. Ambulatory ECG-derived parameters (QT, QTc(B), QTc(F), T peak-Tend(Tpe), and QT/RR slope) were measured and statistically compared. Among the groups, there was no significant difference in the average QT and QTc(B); however, ERS patients had the shortest QTc(F) and longest Tpe (QTc(F): 396.2 ± 19 vs 410.4 ± 20 vs 419.2 ± 19 milliseconds, P = 0.036, Tpe: 84.9 ± 12 vs 70.4 ± 11 vs 66.9 ± 15 milliseconds, P < 0.001, for the ERS, ERP, and control groups, respectively). Importantly, the 24-hour QT/RR slope was significantly smaller in the ERS than ERP and control groups (QT/RR: 0.105 ± 0.01 vs 0.154 ± 0.02 vs 0.161 ± 0.03, respectively; P < 0.001). When analyzing the diurnal and nocturnal QT/RR slopes, ERS patients had small diurnal and nocturnal QT/RR slopes while the ERP and control groups had large diurnal and small nocturnal QT/RR slopes (diurnal QT/RR: 0. 077 ± 0.01 vs 0.132 ± 0.03 vs 0.143 ± 0.03, P < 0.001; nocturnal QT/RR: 0.093 ± 0.02 vs 0.129 ± 0.03 vs 0.130 ± 0.04, P = 0.02 in the ERS, ERP, and control groups, respectively). CONCLUSION: ERS patients had a continuously depressed diurnal and nocturnal adaptation of the QT interval to the heart rate. Such abnormal repolarization dynamics might provide a substrate for reentry and be an important element for developing ventricular fibrillation in the ERS cohort.
    Journal of Cardiovascular Electrophysiology 12/2012; · 3.48 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: We describe a case of early repolarization syndrome in which augmented J waves were documented during an electrical storm associated with hypokalemia. The patient was referred to our hospital for therapy to treat recurrent ventricular fibrillation (VF). The 12-lead electrocardiogram showed giant J waves associated with hypokalemia during multiple episodes of VF. Although antiarrhythmic agents or deep sedation were not effective for the VF, an intravenous supplementation of potassium completely suppressed the VF with a reduction in the J-wave amplitude. Our report discusses the possible relationship between hypokalemia and VF in early repolarization syndrome.
    Pacing and Clinical Electrophysiology 06/2012; 35(8):e234-8. · 1.75 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: J Wave Syndromes. Introduction: Recently, great attention has been paid to the risk stratification of asymptomatic patients with an electrocardiographic early repolarization (ER) pattern. We investigated several repolarization parameters including the Tpeak-Tend interval and Tpeak-Tend/QT ratio in healthy individuals and patients with J wave syndrome who were aborted from sudden cardiac death. Methods and Results: Ninety-two subjects were enrolled: 12 patients with ventricular fibrillation associated with J waves, 40 healthy subjects with an uneventful ER pattern and 40 healthy control subjects (C) without any evident J waves. Using ambulatory electrocardiogram recordings, the average QT interval, corrected QT interval (QTc), Tpeak-Tend (Tp-e) interval, which is the interval from the peak to the end of the T wave, and Tp-e/QT ratio were calculated. Using ANOVA and post hoc analysis, there was no significant difference in the average QT and QTc in all 3 groups (QT; 396 ± 27 vs 405 ± 27 vs 403 ± 27 m, QTc; 420 ± 26 vs 421 ± 21 vs 403 ± 19 milliseconds in the C, ER pattern and J groups, respectively). The Tp-e interval and Tp-e/QT ratio were significantly more increased in the J wave group than the ER Pattern group (Tp-e: 86.7 ± 14 milliseconds vs 68 ± 13.2 milliseconds, P < 0.001, Tp-e/QT; 0.209 ± 0.04 vs 0.171 ± 0.03, P < 0.001), but they did not significantly differ between the C and ER pattern groups (Tp-e: 68.6 ± 7.5 vs 68 ± 13.2, P = 0.97, Tp-e/QT 0.174 ± 0.02 vs 0.171 ± 0.03, P = 0.4). Conclusion: As novel markers of heterogeneity of ventricular repolarization, Tpeak-Tend interval and Tp-Te/QT ratio are significantly increased in patients with J wave syndromes compared to age and sex-matched uneventful ER. (J Cardiovasc Electrophysiol, Vol. 23 pp. 1109-1114, October 2012).
    Journal of Cardiovascular Electrophysiology 04/2012; 23(10):1109-14. · 3.48 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Large infarcts are associated with a terminal QRS-distortion in ST-elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) patients. Late gadolinium enhancement (LGE) on the cardiac MRI (CMR) can depict an infarct distribution. However, less is known about the relationship between the LGE findings and QRS-distortion on admission, including the best ECG-lead location to reveal the QRS-distortion (DIS-lead) in STEMI patients. Fifty STEMI patients successfully treated with percutaneous coronary intervention were classified into two groups according to whether the QRS-distortion was positive (+) or negative (-). The LGE on a recent CMR was classified into 12 left ventricular segments (Basal-Middle-Apical × Anterior-Septal-Inferior-Lateral). The coincidences between the segmental LGE scores and DIS-lead were investigated. All patients were divided into 23 QRS-distortion (+) and 27 QRS-distortion (-) groups. The total LGE score was significantly greater in the QRS-distortion (+) group (14.7 ± 6.8 versus 9.6 ± 6.2, P < 0.01). The highest LGE score in 96% of QRS-distortion (+) patients was 4, and a score 4 segment indicated a good selection of the DIS-lead (86.4%). QRS-distortion in the ECG on admission represents severe transmural infarction in the LGE using CMR, which represents large infarcts in STEMI patients.
    International Heart Journal 01/2012; 53(5):270-5. · 1.23 Impact Factor
  • Toshiharu Takeuchi, Hisanobu Ota, Naoyuki Hasebe
    Nippon rinsho. Japanese journal of clinical medicine 11/2011; 69 Suppl 9:336-40.
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    ABSTRACT: Several animal experiments on acute myocardial infarction (AMI) have shown that the cardioprotective effects of ischemic preconditioning are more significant in hypertensive subjects. However, because there are no clinical data on the impact of hypertension on ischemic preconditioning in patients with AMI, whether clinical ischemic preconditioning of prodromal angina was beneficial in AMI patients with hypertension was investigated in the present study. 125 patients with a first anterior AMI who had undergone successful reperfusion therapy were divided into 2 groups, with or without hypertension, and into 2 further subgroups based on the presence or absence of prodromal angina. Dual-isotope (thallium-201(TL)/Tc-99m pyrophosphate) single-photon emission computed tomography (SPECT) was performed within 1 week of reperfusion therapy. Left ventricular (LV) function and LV mass index (LVMI) were measured by left ventriculography and echocardiography, respectively. In patients without hypertension, prodromal angina resulted in significantly less myocardial damage on TL-SPECT, better LV ejection fraction and a greater myocardial blush grade compared to patients without prodromal angina. However, these cardioprotective effects of prodromal angina were significantly diminished in hypertensive patients. Importantly, the myocardial salvage effects of prodromal angina showed a significant negative correlation with LVMI, which was significantly greater in hypertensive patients. The cardioprotective effects of prodromal angina were attenuated in patients with hypertension. Hypertensive LV hypertrophy may crucially limit the effects of ischemic preconditioning in AMI.
    Circulation Journal 03/2011; 75(5):1192-9. · 3.58 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: We describe a case of advanced atrioventricular (AV) block, in which treatment with cilostazol was effective in recovering the AV conduction. The patient was referred to our hospital for close examination of the advanced AV block and permanent pacemaker implantation. Although the patient had experienced third-degree AV block with occasional AV synchrony for more than two days, the AV conduction completely recovered after treatment with oral cilostazol at 200 mg/day. Here we discuss the possible mechanism of the improvement in the AV conduction by cilostazol.
    Internal Medicine 01/2011; 50(18):1957-61. · 0.97 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Systemic capillary leak syndrome (SCLS) is a life-threatening disorder which presents with periodic episodes of hypovolemic shock, due to plasma leakage to the extra-vascular space reflected by accompanying hypoalbuminemia, hemoconcentration and edema often with associated monoclonal gammopathy. We describe a 28-year-old woman with SCLS who required aggressive fluid resuscitation and was successfully treated with corticosteroid, terbutaline, and theophylline. At exacerbation, the levels of serum granulocyte colony-stimulating factor (G-CSF) were increased. Thus, G-CSF might play an important role and can be a useful biomarker for the severity of attacks in SCLS.
    Internal Medicine 01/2011; 50(6):597-600. · 0.97 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Fabry disease is an X-linked lysosomal storage disorder caused by mutations of the α-galactosidase A gene (GLA), and the disease is a relatively prevalent cause of left ventricular hypertrophy mimicking idiopathic hypertrophic cardiomyopathy. We assessed clinically 5 patients of a three-generation family and also searched for GLA mutations in 10 family members. The proband had left ventricular hypertrophy with localized thinning in the basal posterior wall and late gadolinium enhancement (LGE) in the near-circumferential wall in cardiovascular magnetic resonance images and her sister had vasospastic angina pectoris without organic stenosis of the coronary arteries. LGE notably appeared in parallel with decreased α-galactosidase A activity and increased NT-pro BNP in our patients. We detected a new GLA missense mutation (G195V) in exon 4, resulting in a glycine-to-valine substitution. Of the 10 family members, 5 family members each were positive and negative for this mutation. These new data extend our clinical and molecular knowledge of GLA gene mutations and confirm that a novel missense mutation in the GLA gene is important not only for a precise diagnosis of heterozygous status, but also for confirming relatives who are negative for this mutation.
    International Heart Journal 01/2011; 52(5):308-11. · 1.23 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Recent evidence suggests an association between vasospastic angina and Brugada syndrome. Here we present two cases of coronary artery disease who presented with ECG abnormalities which might have been provoked or enhanced by ischemia of the conus branch of the right coronary artery. The 12-lead ECGs demonstrated normal sinus rhythm in these two cases. Interestingly, a saddle back or coved type ST segment elevation in leads V1-V3 was documented either in the percutaneous transluminal angioplasty procedure of the proximal right coronary artery or with an intracoronary acetylcholine (Ach) administration into the right coronary artery. These Brugada type ECG changes were restored to the baseline ECG waveform after improvement in the ischemia. In the second case, vasospasms of the conus branch of the right coronary artery were associated with a coved type ST segment elevation in leads V1 to V2. We discuss the possible interaction between ischemia caused by conus branch lesions and Brugada type electrocardiographic changes.
    International Heart Journal 01/2010; 51(1):68-71. · 1.23 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: In December 2007, a woman was involved in a traffic accident. At first, her vital signs were normal, but electrocardiogram showed ST-segment elevation in the inferior leads. She was diagnosed as a blunt chest trauma-induced myocardial infarction. Her right coronary angiography showed total occlusion. She underwent an emergency coronary artery bypass surgery; 64-multi-detector-row computed tomography (64-MDCT) demonstrated an intravascular protruding lesion, which suggested subintimal hematoma. One month later, repeat coronary angiogram showed spontaneous recanalization, and 64-MDCT showed no discontinuous vessel wall. Coronary artery occlusion secondary to blunt chest trauma is rare, and it's even rarer to have spontaneous recanalization.
    Internal Medicine 01/2010; 49(23):2593-7. · 0.97 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: We describe a thought-provoking case of Brugada syndrome in which a relationship between the diurnal electrocardiogram (ECG) changes and sex hormone levels was observed. A 36-year-old man who experienced cardiac arrest was referred to our hospital. He had a family history of sudden cardiac death. The 12-lead ECG exhibited a mild coved type ST-segment elevation in leads V1 and V2, which was enhanced by intravenous pilsicainide injection. Hence, this case was diagnosed as Brugada syndrome. The circadian rhythm of the serum testosterone level revealed low levels in the daytime (1.66-1.99 ng/mL) and high levels (2.52-3.42 ng/mL) in the nighttime. Interestingly, augmentation of the ST segment elevation and widening of the P wave were observed at around 2:00 AM, when the serum testosterone was recorded at its highest. Our report discusses the influence of the circadian rhythms of sex hormones on the ECG changes in Brugada syndrome.
    International Heart Journal 09/2009; 50(5):669-76. · 1.23 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: We describe a case of Brugada syndrome, in which recurrent syncope with convulsive seizures was induced after antidepressant treatment. The patient had been treated with five kinds of psychotropic drugs. The twelve-lead ECG after the syncope exhibited an RSR'-pattern in the precordial leads, however, a coved type ST-segment elevation was induced by a pilsicainide test. Although ventricular fibrillation was not induced in the electrophysiologic study, an ICD implantation was considered as the recommended therapy since Brugada syndrome unmasked by antidepressants could not be ruled out. The possible contribution of antidepressants to Brugada type ST-segment changes is discussed.
    Internal Medicine 02/2009; 48(17):1535-9. · 0.97 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: We describe a case of Brugada syndrome, in which a coved type ST-segment elevation was enhanced by antihistamines and antiallergenic drugs. The patient had been treated with four kinds of antihistamines and antiallergenic drugs. The twelve-lead ECG exhibited a coved type ST-segment elevation in leads V(1) and V(2), and their enhancement was induced by pilsicainide. After discontinuing those drugs, the ST segment elevation in leads V(1) and V(2) became reduced. An ICD implantation was selected for the therapy since ventricular fibrillation was induced. Our report discusses the possible contribution of antihistamines and antiallergenic drugs to the Brugada type ST-segment changes.
    Internal Medicine 02/2009; 48(12):1009-13. · 0.97 Impact Factor
  • Journal of Cardiac Failure - J CARD FAIL. 01/2009; 15(7).
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    ABSTRACT: We describe a case of a 67-year-old woman with a history of cerebral infarction and pulmonary embolism that presented with chest pain. Subsequent evaluation resulted in a diagnosis of acute myocardial infarction and occult DVT, and imaging revealed a rare congenital absence of the infra-renal portion of the inferior vena cava, with lower extremity venous drainage diverted via an ascending lumbar vein. Associations between congenital absence of the inferior vena cava and thrombosis are discussed.
    Journal of Thrombosis and Thrombolysis 05/2005; 19(2):101-3. · 1.99 Impact Factor