Yasuyuki Iguchi

The Jikei University School of Medicine, Edo, Tōkyō, Japan

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Publications (126)283.51 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: The usefulness of conventional magnetic resonance imaging (C-MRI) for diagnosing amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) remains controversial. The aim of this study was to investigate the utility of C-MRI in identifying ALS, specifically the association between corticospinal tract (CST) hyperintensity on C-MRI and clinical characteristics in patients with ALS.
    Clinical neurology and neurosurgery. 10/2014; 127C:1-4.
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    ABSTRACT: A 49-year-old man with a 16-year history of adult-onset X-linked adrenoleukodystrophy (X-ALD) was admitted because of aspiration pneumonia. He was comatose with obvious akinesia and positive plantar reflexes. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) on admission showed abnormal intensities in the middle cerebellar peduncles, pons and internal capsule (Fig.1).This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.
    Neurology and Clinical Neuroscience. 10/2014;
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    ABSTRACT: We estimated the stiffness parameter β (β value), which is useful in the assessment of premature atherosclerosis, among patients with different subtypes of cerebral infarction (CI; eg, small-vessel occlusion, large-artery atherosclerosis, cardioembolism, and other determined and undetermined etiologies) to determine the clinical utility of the β value in classification of stroke patients into CI subtypes. Carotid ultrasonography (ALOKA ProSound SSD-alpha10) was performed in 31 CI patients and 38 control subjects, and the β value of the bilateral common carotid artery at 2.0 cm proximal to the bifurcation was measured using the echo-tracking method. The relationship between β value and age was examined, and the β value was compared among the different CI subtypes. Positive β value correlated with age in control subjects (R = .69, P < .001) but not in CI patients (R = -.01, P = .996). There was no significant difference in the β value when comparing control patients and patients with cardioembolic stroke (P = .106), but the β value were lower in patients with cardioembolic stroke than in patients with noncardioembolic stroke (eg, small-vessel occlusion, large-artery atherosclerosis, and others, P = .009). The β value was lower in patients with cardioembolic stroke than in patients with noncardioembolic stroke. The β value may be useful for estimating the risk of different stroke subtypes.
    Journal of stroke and cerebrovascular diseases: the official journal of National Stroke Association 01/2014;
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    ABSTRACT: Objective Although previous randomized clinical trials established a basis for lipid guidelines worldwide, they employed fixed doses of statins throughout trials (fire-and-forget approach). In the real clinical setting, however, statin doses are titrated to achieve target low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C) levels (treat-to-target approach). The major objective was to investigate whether intensive lipid-lowering therapy using the treat-to-target approach yielded greater regression of aortic plaques. Methods We therefore performed a prospective, randomized trial comparing the effects of standard (achieve LDL-C levels recommended by the Japanese guidelines) and intensive (achieve 30% lower LDL-C levels than standard) rosuvastatin therapy for 1 year in 60 hypercholesterolemic patients with a primary endpoint of aortic atherosclerotic plaques evaluated by non-invasive magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). Results Average doses were 2.9 ± 3.1 and 6.5 ± 5.1 mg/day for standard (n = 29) and intensive therapy group (n = 31), respectively. Although both therapies significantly reduced LDL-C and high-sensitivity C-reactive protein (hsCRP) levels, LDL-C reduction was significantly greater in the intensive group (−46 vs. −34%). MRI study showed that thoracic aortic plaques were significantly regressed in both groups, with greater regression of thoracic plaque in the intensive group (−9.1 vs. −3.2%, p = 0.01). Multivariate analyses revealed that thoracic plaque regression was significantly correlated with hsCRP reduction, but not with changes in serum lipids, endothelial function, or doses of rosuvastatin. Conclusion Intensive statin therapy with titration targeting lower LDL-C levels resulted in greater thoracic aortic plaque regression compared to standard therapy, which was correlated with hsCRP reduction, suggesting that intensive statin therapy could provide better clinical outcomes.
    Atherosclerosis 01/2014; 232(1):31–39. · 3.71 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: A 76-year-old woman was admitted to our hospital because of convulsions that developed after a 1-month history of progressive right-leg palsy. MRI showed thickening of the meninges with gadolinium enhancement in the left parietal lobe and it revealed pia-subarachnoid space pattern. A lumbar puncture was performed, and cerebrospinal fluid analysis revealed no abnormality. Her serum adenosine deaminase level was elevated (28.7 IU/l). The results of serum cultures were normal. To differentially diagnose collagen disease, infection, malignancy, and inflammation of uncommon causes, we conducted brain and meningeal biopsies on the 15th hospital day. Histopathological examination of the brain tissue showed mainly necrosis and inflammation. There was severe pachymeningeal thickening without necrosis. Although it was difficult to reach a definitive diagnosis, a tissue sample taken from under the leptomeninges tested positive for mycobacterium on Ziehl-Neelsen staining. The results of polymerase chain reaction for mycobacterium were negative in the meningeal tissue. The patient received anti-tuberculous drugs, anti-nontuberculous mycobacteriosis drugs, and corticosteroids to treat Mycobacterium tuberculosis and nontuberculous mycobacterium. After starting treatment, the findings on magnetic resonance imaging improved dramatically, and no convulsions occurred during hospitalization. She was discharged on the 153rd hospital day without any neurological deficit. Because previous studies have reported that isolated mycobacterium meningitis is a diagnostically challenging condition, brain and meningeal biopsies should be considered in patients with gadolinium enhancement in the meninges.
    Rinshō shinkeigaku = Clinical neurology. 01/2014; 54(2):140-5.
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    ABSTRACT: A 64-year-old man had transverse myelopathy that rapidly progressed without pain over the course of 1 day. The cerebrospinal fluid interleukin-6 (CSF IL-6) level was extremely high (1,120 pg/dl). Spinal cord magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) showed a longitudinal extensive lesion extending from Th8 to the conus medullaris. Despite treatment with steroids and cyclophosphamide, the symptoms worsened, and the range of sensory disturbance spread. MRI showed that the lesion expanded to Th3 over the course of 2 months. Neuro-Behçet disease (NBD) was diagnosed on basis of the high CSF IL-6 level and HLA-B51 positivity, and treatment with infliximab was begun. The sensory disturbance improved slightly, and the CSF IL-6 level fell to the normal range (7.0 pg/ml). It is important to include NBD, which rarely presents with extensive spinal cord lesion, in the differential diagnosis when patients present with acute transverse myelopathy without pain.
    Rinshō shinkeigaku = Clinical neurology. 01/2014; 54(1):16-21.
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    ABSTRACT: Background The goal of this study was to investigate the relationship between white matter lesions on magnetic resonance imaging and flow parameters in the middle cerebral artery (MCA) measured by transcranial color flow imaging. Methods Patients with acute ischemic stroke or transient ischemic attack were included. The relationship between severities of periventricular hyperintensity (PVH) and ultrasonographic parameters in the MCA was investigated. The frequency of PVH was calculated for different categories according to the presence or absence of 2 considerable parameters according to the value of area under the receiver operating characteristic curve. Results MCA flow was successfully measured in 203 temporal windows among 124 patients. After determining the cutoff value of end-diastolic velocity (EDV) and pulsatility index (PI) for the presence of PVH, 4 different categories were established: Category A, EDV more than 40 cm/second and PI less than .7; Category B, EDV more than 40 cm/second and PI more than .7; Category C, EDV less than 40 cm/second and PI less than .7; and Category D, EDV less than 40 cm/second and PI more than .7. The prevalence of PVH gradually increased along with category (P < .01). Conclusions The evaluation of MCA parameters using the combination of PI and EDV may be useful for the prediction of PVH.
    Journal of Stroke and Cerebrovascular Diseases. 01/2014;
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    ABSTRACT: Precise associations between clinical characteristics of transient ischemic attack (TIA) patients and diffusion-weighted imaging (DWI) positivity are still controversial. Thus, the purposes of this were to investigate the clinical characteristics associated with DWI positivity in patients with TIA and to develop a risk score for the prediction of DWI positivity in TIA. Between April 2008 and June 2011, we retrospectively enrolled consecutive patients, who were admitted to our hospital with TIA and underwent DWI within 24 hours of admission. Patients were divided into a DWI-positive or DWI-negative group. The clinical characteristics of the 2 groups were compared, and a DWI positivity score was determined for each patient. We calculated the DWI positivity score by assigning a point value of 1 to the following factors: blood urea nitrogen to serum creatinine (BUN/Cr) ratio greater than 17.5, glucose greater than 161 mg/dL, and brain natriuretic peptide (BNP) greater than 55.4 pg/dL. Values below these cutoffs were given a value of 0, and the 3 point values were summed to obtain the final DWI positivity score (from 0 to 3). A total of 41 patients (median age = 62 years; 8 women) were enrolled in this study. There were 14 (35%) patients with DWI positivity. The median of the BUN/Cr ratio, blood glucose, and BNP were significantly higher in the DWI-positive than that in the DWI-negative group. As the DWI positivity score increased, there was an increased rate of DWI positivity. Our data indicate that seminal scores that included BUN/Cr ratio, glucose, and BNP contributed to DWI positivity in TIA patients.
    Journal of stroke and cerebrovascular diseases: the official journal of National Stroke Association 10/2013;
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    ABSTRACT: Background: It is unknown whether the clinical features and outcomes of intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH) patients who undergo maintenance hemodialysis (HD) at the time of ICH are similar to those of general ICH patients. Methods: We retrospectively examined the medical records of ICH patients admitted to the Stroke Center of Kawasaki Medical School Hospital within 7 days of ICH onset between April 2004 and June 2011. Patients were classed as HD or non-HD, and clinical characteristics were compared between the two groups. ICH volume was measured on admission CT and follow-up CT scan (<24 h after admission). Hematoma enlargement was defined as a hematoma that increased by more than 33% of its initial volume. Early death was defined as all-cause death within 14 days of ICH onset. The factors associated with early death were determined using multivariate logistic regression analysis. Results: Five hundred and seven patients (320 males; 69.0 years old, interquartile range 59.0-79.0) were enrolled in the study. Thirty-six (7.2%) were receiving maintenance HD at the time of ICH and formed the HD group, and the remaining 471 patients formed the non-HD group. Use of antithrombotic agents prior to ICH was more common in the HD group than in the non-HD group (41.7 vs. 21.9%; p = 0.012). Brainstem (30.6 vs. 11.3%; p = 0.003) and lobar (19.4 vs. 6.6%; p = 0.013) hematoma locations were more common in the HD group than in the non-HD group. Enlargement of ICH volume was more common in the HD group than in the non-HD group (25.8 vs. 10.2%; p = 0.015). Early death was more common in the HD group than in the non-HD group (33.3 vs. 9.3%; p < 0.001). On the multivariate logistic regression analysis adjusted for age, sex and renal dysfunction, National Institutes of Health Stroke Scale score >20 [odds ratio (OR) 27.40, 95% confidence interval (CI) 9.69-77.44; p < 0.001], ICH volume >30 ml (OR 9.53, 95% CI 3.82-23.77; p < 0.001), HD (OR 6.42, 95% CI 1.39-29.76; p = 0.017), the use of antithrombotic agents (OR 3.04, 95% CI 1.22-7.56; p = 0.017) and glucose >150 mg/dl (OR 2.51, 95% CI 1.01-6.26; p = 0.047) were independent factors associated with early death. Conclusion: Maintenance HD is independently associated with early death in ICH patients.
    Cerebrovascular Diseases 07/2013; 36(1):47-54. · 2.81 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: On March 11, 2011, big earthquake and subsequent gigantic tsunami killed more than 20,000 peoples in Tohoku area of Japan. Neurological patients were one such victim because they are usually very vulnerable to such a huge tragedy due to their physical disability including artificial ventilator-support. On occasion of the last tsunami, most cases showed "all or nothing" to lose life or to survive, and there were only a little cases who needed emergency surgical treatment. In the very early period, some neurological patients required electric power to keep their lifesupportive ventilator at evacuation house or even at home. In a week to a couple of months, many neurological patients needed continuous supply of their daily drugs which are essential to keep themselves in steady physical conditions and even for keeping their life.Japanese Neurological Society (JNS) began to establish an emergent assistant network system from January 2012 in an attempt of supplying materials, drugs and energy power to neurological patients who require both under a very early period after any natural or political disaster and a later period. For example, JNS is going to apply IT system to connect distant but safer hospitals which accept emergent patients from the center of disastrous place. JNS may also send emergency medical team to the disastrous place to save neurological patients by passing necessary medicine and materials or moving patients to safer hospitals. JNS will make such a tentative program public on our website to collect many other constructive opinions from general member of the society and neurological patients. After getting those opinions, JNS made up the exact team for this purpose after general meeting of JNS on this May 2012.Based on this team, disaster-mimic trial will be performed in Tokyo, Shizuoka, and Kochi where the next big disaster is going to hit the cities.
    Rinshō shinkeigaku = Clinical neurology. 01/2013; 53(11):1155-8.
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    ABSTRACT: We report a 51-year-old man with myopathy and dementia probably caused by a novel mutation of the valosin-containing protein (VCP) gene, in the form of a p.Ala439Pro substitution. At 43 years old, he presented at least 2-year history of weakness of right ankle dorsiflexion. Findings from muscle biopsy suggested distal myopathy with rimmed vacuoles. However, no mutation in the GNE gene was identified. He complained of giving way of the knee, and muscle imaging study showed adipose tissue infiltration in the quadriceps. Ten years later, he was confined to a wheelchair and became reticent and antisocial with slightly impaired memory. A muscle CT revealed atrophy or replacement by adipose tissue in the muscles of neck, trunks and extremities muscles with laterality and variation of the degree. The magnetic resonance imaging of the brain showed bilateral frontal and temporal lobe atrophy with left dominance. Findings were compatible with inclusion body myopathy with Paget's disease of bone and frontotemporal dementia.
    Rinshō shinkeigaku = Clinical neurology. 01/2013; 53(6):465-9.
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    ABSTRACT: Background and purpose The aim of the present study was to devise a simple grading scale for assessing the risk of development of malignant MCA infarction (MMI). Methods Using MRI, patients with MCA infarction and proximal vessel occlusion (ICA or M1) within 24 hr of onset were retrospectively studied. MMI was defined as clinical deterioration, midline shift ≥ 5 mm, or brain herniation within 48 hr of admission. We evaluated clinical factors independently associated with MMI and created a simple score according to the multivariate logistic regression analysis. Results Subjects comprised 119 patients, 57 of which (47.9%) developed MMI. Multivariate logistic regression analysis revealed the following independent factors associated with MMI: DWI ASPECTS ≤ 3 [odds ratio (OR) 4.16; 95% CI, 1.36-12.66, P = 0.012], ACA territory involvement [OR, 6.90; 95% confidence interval [CI], 2.06-23.10, P = 0.002], M1 Susceptibility vessel sign (SVS) on T2*-gradient echo [OR 4.55; 95% CI, 1.38-14.98, P = 0.013], and Hyperglycemia (glucose value ≥ 145 mg/dl) [OR, 5.31; 95% CI, 1.80-15.68, P = 0.002]. These four variables were selected for use in the DASH score, with DWI ASPECTS ≤ 3 as 1 point, ACA territory involvement as 1 point, M1 SVS as 1 point, and hyperglycemia as 1 point. The likelihood of developing MMI for each score was as follows: score 0, 9.1%; score 1, 20.5%; score 2, 63.0%; score 3–4, 96.8%. The C statistic for the score was 0.88 (95% CI, 0.82-0.94, P < 0.001). Conclusion Our DASH score reliably assessed a risk for development of MMI in large MCA infarctions.
    Journal of the neurological sciences 01/2013; · 2.32 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: This study compared the detection rate of ischemic lesions within 3 hours of onset by computed tomography (CT) and diffusion-weighted magnetic resonance imaging (DWI). The study group comprised 130 patients (71 men; median age, 75 years) with an anterior territory stroke who underwent CT and DWI within 3 hours of onset. The lesions revealed on CT and DWI were assessed using the CT-Alberta Stroke Program Early CT Score (ASPECTS) and DWI-ASPECTS, and detection rates were compared for each ASPECTS region. The detection rate of ischemic lesions was higher on DWI than on CT (76.9% v 30.0%; P < .001). The DWI-ASPECTS score was not correlated with the CT-ASPECTS score (r = 0.51; P < .001). Ischemic lesions were detected in the insula (59.2% for DWI vs 15.4% for CT; P < .001), lentiform nucleus (43.8% v 20.0%; P < .001), and the M1 (30.8% v 6.9%, P < .001), M2 (50.8% v 6.2%; P = .006), M3 (28.5% v 3.1%; P = .006), M4 (32.3% v 6.9%; P < .001), M5 (48.5% v 10.8%; P < .001), and M6 (31.5% v 4.6%, P = .012) areas of the middle cerebral artery. DWI detected ischemic lesions significantly more frequently than CT in all ASPECTS regions except the caudate head and internal capsule.
    Journal of stroke and cerebrovascular diseases: the official journal of National Stroke Association 10/2012;
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    ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Recent studies have shown that thrombolysis could decrease or eliminate ischaemic diffusion-weighted imaging lesions. However, the features of such diffusion-weighted imaging lesion reduction are not well known. AIMS: To clarify, the frequency of and factors associated with lesion reduction were investigated. METHODS: Patients given intravenous tissue plasminogen activator therapy within three-hours of onset were prospectively enrolled. Magnetic resonance imaging including diffusion-weighted imaging and magnetic resonance angiography was performed four times: on admission, just after intravenous tissue plasminogen activator, 24 h from intravenous tissue plasminogen activator, and seven-days after intravenous tissue plasminogen activator. The diffusion-weighted imaging lesion volume was measured by manual trace using National Institutes of Health imaging software. All patients were divided into three groups according to the early diffusion-weighted imaging lesion volume change from admission to just after intravenous tissue plasminogen activator: the lesion reduction group (>20% decrease); the lesion growth group (>20% increase); and the lesion unchanged group. RESULTS: In total, 105 patients [56 males, median age 77 (interquartile range 70-83) years, and National Institutes of Health Stroke Scale score 16 (10-22)] were enrolled. Early diffusion-weighted imaging lesion reduction was observed in seven (7%) patients. The decreased lesion increased subsequently. On multivariate analysis, the glucose level on admission (odds ratio 0·95, 95% confidence interval 0·91 to 0·99, P = 0·045) and early recanalization (odds ratio 15·7, 95% confidence interval 1·61 to 153, P = 0·018) were independently related to early lesion reduction. CONCLUSION: Early diffusion-weighted imaging lesion reduction was observed in 7% of patients treated with intravenous tissue plasminogen activator. The decreased lesion increased subsequently. Initial glucose level and early recanalization were independently associated with early diffusion-weighted imaging lesion reduction.
    International Journal of Stroke 09/2012; · 2.75 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Hyperglycemia (HG) is associated with infarct volume expansion in acute ischaemic stroke patients. However, collateral circulation can sustain the ischaemic penumbra and limit the growth of infarct volume. The aim of this study was to determine whether the association between HG and infarct volume expansion is dependent on collateral circulation. METHODS: We performed a retrospective analysis of 93 acute ischaemic stroke patients with internal carotid artery or middle cerebral artery occlusion within 24 h of onset were retrospectively studied. HG was diagnosed in patients with an admitting blood glucose value ≥140 mg/dl. Angiographic collateral grade 0-1 was designated as poor collateral circulation and grade 2-4 as good collateral circulation. Infarct volume was measured at admission and at again within 7 days using diffusion-weighted magnetic resonance images. RESULTS: Among 34 patients with poor collateral grade, the change in infarct volume was significantly greater in the HG group than in the non-HG group (106.0 ml vs. 22.7 ml, P = 0.002). Among the 59 patients with good collateral circulation, the change in infarct volume was greater in the HG group than in the non-HG group (53.3 ml vs. 10.9 ml, P = 0.047). Multiple regression analysis indicated that admission HG (P = 0.004), baseline National Institutes of Health Stroke Scale score (P = 0.018), and poor collateral circulation (P = 0.040) were independently associated with infarct volume expansion. CONCLUSIONS: Infarct volume expansion was greater in individuals with HG on admission regardless of collateral circulation status.
    European Journal of Neurology 07/2012; · 4.16 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Cerebral microbleeds (CMBs) are recognized as a manifestation of arteriolosclerosis in cerebral small vessels. However, little is known regarding whether stroke patients with CMBs often have systemic atherosclerosis. The aim of the present study was to elucidate this issue using the cardio-ankle vascular index (CAVI), a new index of systemic atherosclerosis, in acute ischemic stroke patients. We prospectively studied 105 patients (71 males, median age=70.0 years) with acute ischemic stroke. All of the patients were examined using T2*-weighted gradient echo magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) to look for and assess the CMBs and using fluid-attenuated inversion recovery to evaluate white matter hyperintensity (WMH). We assigned the patients into CMB and non-CMB groups and compared the clinical characteristics of these groups. The factors associated with CMBs were investigated using multivariate logistic regression analysis. T2*-weighted gradient echo MRI revealed CMBs in 47 patients (44.8%) and no CMBs in 58 patients (55.2%). The CAVI was significantly higher in the CMBs group (10.5 vs. 8.6, P<0.001). In the multivariate logistic regression analysis, CAVI per one point increase (odds ratio (OR), 1.50; 95% confidence interval (CI), 1.12-2.00; P=0.006), advanced WMH (OR, 4.78; 95% CI, 1.55-14.74; P=0.006) and impaired kidney function (OR, 3.31; 95% CI, 1.16-9.81; P=0.031) were independent factors associated with the presence of CMBs. A high CAVI was independently associated with CMBs in patients with acute ischemic stroke. Our results indicated that ischemic stroke patients with CMBs may have cerebral arteriolosclerosis as well as systemic atherosclerosis.
    Hypertension Research 06/2012; 35(10):975-9. · 2.79 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: To report a reduction in macular ganglion cell complex (GCC) thickness detected with spectral-domain optical coherence tomography (SD-OCT) in patients with homonymous hemianopia following acquired cerebral damage. We analyzed case reports of three patients with unilateral posterior cerebral artery (PCA) infarction. Three patients (aged 66, 68, and 71 years) with left homonymous hemianopia due to infarction of the right PCA territory were studied using SD-OCT. The duration of the lesions from the onset ranged from 12 to 36 months. In all of these patients, although optic atrophy and retinal nerve fiber layer defects were not detected on funduscopy, GCC thinning was demonstrated in the hemiretinae corresponding to the affected hemifields. Macular GCC measurements showed the localized defects of retinal ganglion cells (RGCs) more clearly than circumpapillary retinal nerve fiber layer measurements. Total and outer retinal thicknesses were not found to be significantly affected. Our findings suggest that degeneration of RGCs can occur within a few years after PCA infarction.
    Japanese Journal of Ophthalmology 06/2012; 56(5):502-10. · 1.27 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The aim of this study was to investigate the relation between brain natriuretic peptide (BNP) levels and the detection rate of new documented atrial fibrillation (AF) after ischemic stroke. Consecutive patients with ischemic stroke prospectively enrolled within 24 hours of onset. Patients with AF on admission electrocardiography or with histories of AF were excluded. The plasma BNP level was measured on admission, and the factors associated with new documented AF were investigated by multivariate logistic regression analysis. Furthermore, the detection rates of AF according to BNP level were evaluated. A total of 584 patients were enrolled. AF was detected in 40 patients (new AF group; 6.8%). The median BNP level of the new AF group was significantly higher than for the non-AF group (186.6 pg/ml [interquartile range 68.7 to 386.3] vs 35.2 pg/ml [interquartile range 15.9 to 80.1], p <0.0001). The cut-off level, sensitivity, and specificity of BNP levels to distinguish the new AF group from the non-AF group were 65.0 pg/ml, 80%, and 70%, respectively. Multivariate logistic regression analysis demonstrated that National Institutes of Health Stroke Scale score >7 (odds ratio 3.4, 95% confidence interval 1.685 to 7.006, p = 0.0007) and a plasma BNP level >65.0 pg/ml (odds ratio 6.8, 95% confidence interval 2.975 to 15.359, p <0.0001) were independently associated with new AF. The detection rates of AF according to BNP level were as follows: 2% of patients with <50 pg/ml, 4% of those with 50 to <100 pg/ml, 12% of those with 100 to <200 pg/ml, 26% of those with 200 to <400 pg/ml, and 38% of those with ≥400 pg/ml. In conclusion, BNP levels can predict new AF in patients with acute ischemic stroke. Elevated BNP levels result in an increase in the frequency of detection of new AF.
    The American journal of cardiology 02/2012; 109(9):1303-7. · 3.58 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND: We investigated how many contrast-transcranial Doppler (c-TCD) examinations should be performed on different days in patients with acute stroke. METHODS: Consecutive acute stroke patients within 24 hours of onset were enrolled. Presence of RLS was examined using c-TCD examinations on days 1, 7, and 14. Each c-TCD examination used one test without Valsalva maneuver (VM) and three tests with VM. Patients were diagnosed with RLS when TCD detected ≥1 microembolic signal on ≥1 c-TCD examination on any of the days 1, 7, or 14. RESULTS: One hundred seventy patients (105 men [62%]; median age, 74 [IQR, 66-81] years) were enrolled. RLS was diagnosed in 45 patients (26%). RLS was identified on day 1 in 30 patients (18%), on day 7 in 28 patients (16%), and on day 14 in 23 patients (14%; P= .143). Detection rate of RLS by combining day 1 and 7 examinations was significantly higher than that of day 1 alone (25% vs 18%, P < .001). However, the rate did not increase when results of day 14 were added (25% vs 26%, P= .250). CONCLUSIONS: c-TCD examinations should be performed on at least two different days to assess the prevalence of RLS. J Neuroimaging 2011;XX:1-5.
    Journal of neuroimaging: official journal of the American Society of Neuroimaging 12/2011; · 3.36 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The frequency of good outcome at 3 months after tissue plasminogen activator (t-PA) therapy is ∼35%. The present study aimed to devise a simple scale to predict good outcome using clinical factors and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) findings before and immediately after t-PA infusion. Consecutive patients with acute ischemic stroke treated with t-PA within 3 hours of stroke onset were studied prospectively. We assessed clinical factors independently associated with good outcome [modified Rankin scale (mRS): 0-1] at 3 months after t-PA therapy. We created a simple scale to predict good outcome in t-PA patients using factors selected by multivariate logistic regression analysis. Subjects comprised 105 patients (69 men; median age, 74 years). Multivariate logistic regression analysis revealed the following independent factors associated with good outcome: baseline National Institutes of Health Stroke Scale (NIHSS) <11 [odds ratio (OR), 13·64; 95% confidence interval (CI), 3·588-51·822; P = 0·0001], glucose <150 mg/dl (OR, 3·76; 95%CI, 1·014-13·963; P = 0·0475), and early recanalization within 1 hour after t-PA infusion (OR, 5·28; 95%CI, 1·179-23·656; P = 0·0296). Those three variables were selected for use in the good outcome scale, with NIHSS <11 as 2 points, glucose <150 mg/dl as 1 point, and early recanalization as 1 point. Frequencies of patients with good outcome for each score were as follows: score 0, 0·0%; score 1, 7·1%; score 2, 43·5%; score 3, 65·4%; and score 4, 71·4%. The C statistic for the score was 0·849 (95%CI, 0·776-0·922). A simple clinical and MRI scale can predict good outcome in t-PA patients.
    Neurological Research 12/2011; 33(10):1038-43. · 1.18 Impact Factor

Publication Stats

687 Citations
283.51 Total Impact Points

Institutions

  • 2013–2014
    • The Jikei University School of Medicine
      • Division of Neurology
      Edo, Tōkyō, Japan
  • 2005–2012
    • Kawasaki Medical University
      • • Department of Stroke Medicine
      • • Department of Neurology
      Kurasiki, Okayama, Japan
  • 2011
    • Kawasaki Saiwai Hospital
      Kawasaki, Fukuoka, Japan
  • 2008
    • Nagasaki University
      Nagasaki, Nagasaki, Japan