Naomi Oizumi

Spokane Joint Replacement Center, Spokane, Washington, United States

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Publications (30)41.49 Total impact

  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Bone marrow stimulation (BMS) at the footprint of arthroscopic rotator cuff repair has not been fully evaluated according to the preoperative tear size and surgical technique. In this study, we investigated the effect of BMS on cuff repair integrity after an arthroscopic surface-holding (ASH) repair. A total of 111 patients (mean age, 64.5 years) with chronic rotator cuff tears who underwent treatment by the ASH method with BMS by drilling of multiple holes at the footprint (67 shoulders) or without BMS (44 shoulders) were studied, and all patients were observed prospectively. Sugaya's classification was used to evaluate cuff integrity by postoperative magnetic resonance imaging, with types IV and V classified as rotator cuff retears. The mean scores for cuff integrity were 2.2 ± 0.2 and 1.7 ± 0.2 in the non-BMS and BMS groups, respectively. The mean scores were similar between the 2 groups for medium tears; however, scores for large-massive tears were significantly lower in the BMS group. The overall retear rate was 23.9% in the non-BMS group and 9.1% in the BMS group, and the distribution of repair types differed significantly. For large-massive tears, the retear rate was much higher in the non-BMS group (28.6%) than in the BMS group (4.5%), although the rates for medium tears were comparable between the 2 groups. These findings demonstrate that applying BMS to the footprint during ASH repair results in improved cuff repair integrity, particularly in large-massive tears, and suggest the importance of biologic treatment for rotator cuff healing after arthroscopic rotator cuff repair. Copyright © 2014 Journal of Shoulder and Elbow Surgery Board of Trustees. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
    Journal of shoulder and elbow surgery / American Shoulder and Elbow Surgeons ... [et al.] 12/2014; · 1.93 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Although cadaveric studies have revealed suprascapular notch shape variations, few have investigated the association between suprascapular notch variation and age or gender. The purpose of this study was to investigate suprascapular notch shape variations by use of three-dimensional computed tomography (3DCT) and to determine if there was any association with age or gender.
    Journal of orthopaedic science : official journal of the Japanese Orthopaedic Association. 08/2014;
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    ABSTRACT: Arthroscopic rotator cuff repair provides satisfactory results; however, there is still a high rate of re-tear. The objective of this study was to present a surface-holding technique that we recently developed for arthroscopic rotator cuff repair in detail and to evaluate the clinical outcome as well as cuff repair integrity with this new method. A consecutive series of 116 patients with full-thickness rotator cuff tears underwent arthroscopic surface-holding repair and were monitored with the Japanese Orthopaedic Association, Constant-Murley, and University of California-Los Angeles scores to assess the clinical outcome. The mean follow-up period was 17.9 months (range, 12-40 months). Cuff repair integrity was evaluated by magnetic resonance imaging. All 3 rating systems at the time of final follow-up reflected a significant improvement in functional recovery of the shoulder compared with the preoperative scores. The overall rate of rotator cuff retear was 19.0% (22 of 116 shoulders), and the rates were 13.6% (9 of 66 shoulders) for small and medium-sized tears and 26% (13 of 50 shoulders) for large and massive tears. The rate for large and massive tears was much higher in patients older than 70 years (58.3%) compared with those younger than 70 years (36.3%), whereas the retear rates were similar in these 2 groups (22.2% and 17.5%, respectively). Arthroscopic surface-holding repair technique with medial suture and transosseous fixation improved rotator cuff healing. This method may be useful both for young patients and for elderly patients, who frequently have chronic large and massive tears, including osteoporotic bones.
    Journal of shoulder and elbow surgery / American Shoulder and Elbow Surgeons ... [et al.] 05/2014; 23(5):620-7. · 1.93 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Background Arthroscopic rotator cuff repair provides satisfactory results; however, there is still a high rate of re-tear. The objective of this study was to present a surface-holding technique that we recently developed for arthroscopic rotator cuff repair in detail and to evaluate the clinical outcome as well as cuff repair integrity with this new method. Materials and methods A consecutive series of 116 patients with full-thickness rotator cuff tears underwent arthroscopic surface-holding repair and were monitored with the Japanese Orthopaedic Association, Constant-Murley, and University of California–Los Angeles scores to assess the clinical outcome. The mean follow-up period was 17.9 months (range, 12-40 months). Cuff repair integrity was evaluated by magnetic resonance imaging. Results All 3 rating systems at the time of final follow-up reflected a significant improvement in functional recovery of the shoulder compared with the preoperative scores. The overall rate of rotator cuff retear was 19.0% (22 of 116 shoulders), and the rates were 13.6% (9 of 66 shoulders) for small and medium-sized tears and 26% (13 of 50 shoulders) for large and massive tears. The rate for large and massive tears was much higher in patients older than 70 years (58.3%) compared with those younger than 70 years (36.3%), whereas the retear rates were similar in these 2 groups (22.2% and 17.5%, respectively). Conclusions Arthroscopic surface-holding repair technique with medial suture and transosseous fixation improved rotator cuff healing. This method may be useful both for young patients and for elderly patients, who frequently have chronic large and massive tears, including osteoporotic bones.
    Journal of Shoulder and Elbow Surgery. 01/2014; 23(5):620–627.
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    ABSTRACT: : The clinical results of surgical procedures for severe Sprengel deformity have been uncertain. To obtain improved elevation, we consider that it is necessary to realign the lateral border of the scapula for upward rotation. The purposes of the current study were to evaluate the clinical results and range of motion of the scapula after such realignment. : Seven cases of Sprengel deformity of Cavendish grade 3 or 4 were treated surgically and then clinically evaluated and examined using 3-dimensional computed tomography (3D CT). (Two boys and 5 girls aged 50.9±15.4 mo, mean±SD at the time of operation.) The mean follow-up was 53.1 months (range, 12 to 92 mo). After the omovertebral bone and the superomedial side of the scapula were removed, the levator scapulae and rhomboids were reattached to wrap around the scapula at maximum upward rotation to assist in maintaining this position. Cavendish and Rigault grades were used for evaluation of postoperative appearance. The superior displacement and rotation of the scapula were measured on the trunk posterior view using 3D CT. The relationship between improvement in the range of motion and radiologic change were analyzed statistically. : The postoperative flexion (97.9±12.9 to 160±11.5 degrees) and abduction (99.3±13.0 to 161.4±15.7 degrees) were significantly improved compared with the mean preoperative values (P<0.0001). 3D CT revealed that in all patients the malrotation of the scapula was improved postoperatively. The current study shows that successful realignment of the scapula led to these improved clinical results. : Our procedure has advantages not only for recovery of the range of motion but also for reducing the characteristic lump in the web of the neck. However, our procedure has an inherent limitation related to asymmetric shoulder level and width. 3D CT may be useful for preoperative planning and postoperative evaluation. : Level IV-case series.
    Journal of pediatric orthopedics 03/2013; 33(2):205-11. · 1.23 Impact Factor
  • Journal of Shoulder and Elbow Surgery. 12/2012; 21(12):e28–e29.
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    ABSTRACT: The objectives of this study are to evaluate the clinical and radiographic mid- to long-term outcomes of patients treated by teres minor with bone pedicle transfer for irreparable massive rotator cuff tear and to investigate the limitations of this procedure. Clinical outcomes were assessed by quantifying: the range of shoulder motion; a visual analog pain scale; the University of California, Los Angeles Shoulder Score (UCLA score); and the Disability of the Arm, Shoulder, and Hand (DASH) score. Radiographs were assessed for deterioration of the glenohumeral joint and upper migration of the humeral head. Eighteen patients with mean age of 66.9 years and mean follow-up of 74.4 months were included. The technique resulted in significant decrease in shoulder pain. The mean UCLA score improved from 10.3 points initially to 24.1 points at time of final follow-up. However, the postoperative results were classified as poor in 11 shoulders. The mean postoperative DASH score was 27.6 points. The mean active forward elevation significantly improved from 75.9° initially to 121.6° at time of final follow-up. In radiographic assessment, osteoarthritis of the glenohumeral joint progressed in 15 shoulders, and the upper migration of humeral head progressed in 14 shoulders. Aggravation of the glenohumeral joint and upper migration of the humeral head both progressed postoperatively at a high rate. Therefore, we conclude that this procedure should no longer be performed despite its relative simplicity.
    Journal of Orthopaedic Science 07/2012; 17(5):538-44. · 0.96 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The distribution of subchondral bone density well reflects long-term resultant stress acting on an articular surface in living joints. Consequently, a measurement of the distribution pattern can determine the stress distribution across the elbow joint surface under long-term loading conditions of baseball pitching. Our purpose was to elucidate the characteristic alterations in the distribution pattern of subchondral bone density across the forearm bones of the elbow with pitching activities. The hypothesis is that pitching activities would change the stress distribution in living subjects. The analysis was performed using computed tomography (CT) images obtained from the dominant elbow of ten nonthrowing athletes (control group), ten college baseball fielders (fielder group), and ten college baseball pitchers (pitcher group). The distribution pattern of subchondral bone density through the articular surface of the proximal radius and ulna bones was assessed using CT osteoabsorptiometry. The maximum density area was located in the posterior part of the trochlea notch in all study participants. This maximum density area was significantly increased in the baseball groups compared with that in the control group. The pitcher group also showed a significant distribution of the maximum density area in the anterior part of the radial head. Our analysis indicates that pitching activities increase actual stress on the articular surface not only in the posterior part of the trochlea notch but also in the anterior part of the radial head. The stress across the elbow may be expanded from the ulnohumeral to the radiohumeral joint by repetitive pitching activities in living subjects.
    Journal of Orthopaedic Science 02/2012; 17(3):253-60. · 0.96 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Recently, retear rate after repair for massive cuff tear have been improved through devised suture techniques. However, reported retear rate is relevant to preoperative atrophy and fatty degeneration. The purpose of this study was to investigate whether preoperative atrophy and fatty degeneration of rotator cuff muscles improve by successful repair. Twenty-four patients with massive rotator cuff tear were evaluated on the recovery of atrophy and fatty degeneration of supraspinatus and infraspinatus muscle after surgery. Atrophy was classified by the occupation ratio and fatty degeneration by modified Goutallier's classification. Both were assessed on magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) before and after the operation. When the cuff was well repaired, improvement of the atrophy and fatty degeneration were observed in a half and a one-fourth of the cases, respectively. In retear cases, however, atrophy and fatty degeneration became worse. Improvement of atrophy and fatty degeneration of the rotator cuff muscles may be expected in the cases with successful achievement of rotator cuff repair for large and massive tear.
    Advances in orthopedics. 01/2012; 2012:195876.
  • Journal of shoulder and elbow surgery / American Shoulder and Elbow Surgeons ... [et al.] 12/2011; 21(4):e9-e13. · 1.93 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The existence of sensory branches of the suprascapular nerve (SSN) has recently been reported, and sensory disturbance at the lateral and posterior aspect of the shoulder has been focused on as a symptom of SSN palsy. We have performed arthroscopic release of SSN at the suprascapular notch in patients with sensory disturbance since 2006. The purposes of this study were to introduce the arthroscopic surgical technique and investigate postoperative recovery of sensory disturbance. The study included 11 men and 14 women (25 shoulders), with an average age of 63.9 years (range, 41-77 years). Arthroscopic decompression of the SSN was performed using a suprascapular nerve (SN) portal as a landmark for approaching the suprascapular notch. Sensory disturbance of the shoulder was evaluated preoperatively and postoperatively. The average follow-up was 18.5 months (range, 12-30 months). The arthroscopic procedures were performed safely. The preoperative sensory disturbance fully recovered postoperatively in all shoulders. Arthroscopic release of the SSN is a useful procedure for SSN entrapment at the suprascapular notch. The sensory disturbance at the lateral and posterior aspect of the shoulder can be used as one of the criteria of diagnosing SSN palsy, especially in shoulders with massive rotator cuff tear, in which diagnosing and assessing the treatment results of associated SSN palsy is usually difficult.
    Journal of shoulder and elbow surgery / American Shoulder and Elbow Surgeons ... [et al.] 12/2011; 21(6):759-64. · 1.93 Impact Factor
  • Journal of shoulder and elbow surgery / American Shoulder and Elbow Surgeons ... [et al.] 08/2011; 20(8):e8-15. · 1.93 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The distribution pattern of subchondral bone density is considered to closely reflect the stress distribution across a joint under physiological loading conditions. Our purpose was to determine alterations in the distribution pattern of subchondral bone density across the distal articular surfaces of the radius and the ulna in patients with Kienböck disease after radial shortening. We collected preoperative and postoperative computed tomography (CT) image data from 7 wrists of 7 patients who had undergone radial shortening for Kienböck disease. We measured the distribution of subchondral bone density through the distal articular surface of the radius and the ulna using a CT osteoabsorptiometry method. The obtained data were quantitatively assessed by calculating the high-density area ratio of the entire radiocarpal joint surface, scaphoid fossa, lunate fossa, and distal ulnar surface. At the mean postoperative period of 27 months, the mean high-density area ratio in the entire distal articular surface of the radius significantly decreased from 0.413 preoperatively to 0.141 postoperatively. The postoperative value in each fossa demonstrated a significant reduction from 0.253 to 0.096 in the scaphoid fossa and from 0.160 to 0.045 in the lunate fossa. No significant alteration in the value was found in the distal ulna at follow-up. Our CT osteoabsorptiometry analysis suggests that the distribution of subchondral bone density in both scaphoid and lunate fossae notably decreases after radial shortening. This indicates that radial shortening unloads the lunate by reducing the actual stress across the distal articular surface of the radius in subjects with Kienböck disease. Therapeutic IV.
    The Journal of hand surgery 06/2011; 36(7):1158-64. · 1.33 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Many surgical procedures have been reported for rotator cuff tears. We adopted the modified transosseous-equivalent procedure, also termed "surface-holding repair with transosseous sutures," and demonstrated that this procedure has a biomechanical advantage regarding the concentration of stress on the tendon stump. This study aimed to evaluate the clinical and structural outcomes of this technique, which has been demonstrated by postoperative magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) to produce high intact rates. Twenty-nine massive rotator cuff tears involving at least two tendons were treated by open repair using this procedure. Twenty-four patients were evaluated at an average of 43.2 months (range 24-71) postoperatively (the follow-up rate was 83.8%). The pre- and postoperative clinical outcomes were examined using the scoring system of the Japanese Orthopedic Association (JOA score). In an A-P radiograph, the presence of osteoarthritis (OA) of the glenohumeral joint and upward migration of the humeral head were compared pre- and postoperatively. The repair integrity of the cuff tendon was evaluated by applying Sugaya's classification to the postoperative MRIs. The JOA score improved from 42.8 points preoperatively to 89.3 points at final follow-up. Radiographic examination showed that OA progressed in 16.7% and upward migration of the humeral head progressed in 20.8%. Postoperative MRI scans revealed 14 shoulders with type 1 repair based on Sugaya's classification, 4 shoulders with type 2, 4 shoulders with type 3, 2 shoulders with type 4, and no shoulders with a type 5 repair. Although osteoarthritis of the glenohumeral joint and upward migration of the humeral head had both progressed postoperatively in some cases, postoperative MRI scans revealed that 91.7% of the repairs resulted in a continuous rotator cuff. Therefore, this technique produces a high healing rate.
    Journal of Orthopaedic Science 05/2011; 16(4):398-404. · 0.96 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: We report a classification system based on the changes in shape of the glenoid fossa and on an evaluation of the upward migration of the humeral head, because a simple classification based on X-ray evaluation would be of great assistance to physicians dealing with the diagnosis and treatment of RA. We evaluated 150 shoulders of 118 RA patients who showed changes in the glenoid fossa after radiological examinations. The morphology of the glenoid fossa of the RA shoulder was classified into 3 types and we were able to classify a total of six types of deformities by adding the problem of upward migration of the humeral head. An additional investigation on the difference in the type of deformity between the right and left shoulder, the changes in type during the course of the study, and the relationship between this particular classification and certain patient characteristics was also included.
    International Journal of Rheumatology 01/2011; 2011:239894.
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    ABSTRACT: PurposeThe purpose of this study was to investigate the outcome of arthroscopic debridement with continuous irrigation in patients with septic arthritis of the shoulder joint. MethodsTen patients (four men, six women) with septic arthritis of the shoulder joint were treated with a combination of arthroscopic debridement and continuous irrigation. All patients were followed for a minimum of 4years. The average age was 61.7years with a range of 25 to 86. The etiology of infection was determined to be a subacromial injection in six cases, EMG needle puncture in one, hematogenous in two, and unknown in one case. Causative bacteria, follow-up period, recurrence, shoulder pain, University of California, Los Angeles (UCLA) shoulder score, and radiographic findings were evaluated. Result Staphylococcus aureus was cultured in six cases, and Staphylococcus epidermidis, in four cases. The average follow-up period was 103.3months with a range of 48 to 199. The infection was eradicated completely with a single arthroscopic debridement with continuous irrigation in nine patients. One patient required a second operation. In all patients, severe pain before operation improved. The average UCLA shoulder score increased from 5.7 points prior to the operation to a post-operation score of 26.4 points. In standard radiographic findings, five cases had aggravated osteoarthritis in the affected joint. ConclusionThis study shows that arthroscopic debridement with continuous irrigation for septic arthritis of the shoulder joint improves shoulder pain, functional scores, and subjective outcome and prevents recurrence in many cases. KeywordsShoulder joint–Septic arthritis–Arthroscopic debridement–Continuous irrigation
    01/2011; 2(3):87-92.
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    ABSTRACT: The distribution pattern of subchondral bone density is considered to highly reflect the stress distribution across a joint under long-term physiologic loading conditions. Therefore, the biomechanical characteristics over the elbow joint surface under long-term loading conditions of baseball pitching can be determined by a measurement of the distribution pattern. Stress distribution over the elbow joint surface alters with long-term pitching activities. Cross-sectional study; Level of evidence, 3. Computed tomography (CT) imaging data from the dominant elbow of 10 nonthrowing athletes, 10 college baseball fielders, and 10 college baseball pitchers were collected for the current analysis. The distribution of subchondral bone density through the distal articular surface of the humerus was measured using a CT osteoabsorptiometry method. The quantitative analysis of the obtained data focused on location and size of the maximum density area at the articular surface. The maximum density area of subchondral bone across the articular surface of the distal humerus was located in the posterior part of the trochlea in all subjects. This maximum density area was significantly increased in the pitcher group, compared with that in other groups. Additionally, the pitcher group demonstrated a significant distribution of the maximum density area in the anterior part of the capitellum. The results indicate that actual stress across the elbow is concentrated in the posterior part of the trochlea in humans. Baseball pitching may produce excessive or repetitive stress against not only this part, but also the anterior part of the capitellum. The majority of osteochondritis dissecans lesions affecting the elbow are found in the anterior part of the capitellum in throwing athletes. The results may support an important role of mechanical conditions in the cause of elbow osteochondritis dissecans.
    The American journal of sports medicine 11/2010; 39(2):336-41. · 3.61 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: We hypothesized that radial shortening osteotomy (radial shortening) for skeletally immature patients with Kienböck's disease would induce overgrowth of the radius. The purpose of this study was to determine the effect of radial shortening on radial growth in skeletally immature patients with Kienböck's disease and to clarify the relationship between the postoperative growth alterations and the clinical results. Eight wrists of 8 skeletally immature patients with Kienböck's disease were treated with radial shortening. There were 3 boys and 5 girls, ranging in age from 11 to 18 (mean, 14) years old. All patients presented with open physis and negative ulnar variance. The length of the radial shortening equaled the amount of negative ulnar variance. Clinical assessment was based on the modified Nakamura scoring system. Radiographic assessment, including Lichtman's stages, ulnar variance, carpal height ratio, radial inclination, and volar tilt, was performed before surgery, immediately after surgery, and at follow-up. A difference in ulnar variance of more than 2 mm between these 3 measurements was considered to be overgrowth. Statistical comparisons were performed using paired t-tests. At a mean follow-up period of 69 months, the mean clinical score was 19.7 of 21 maximum points, with all wrists rated as excellent. Radiographically, no progression of Lichtman stage was found in any patient. At follow-up, the x-ray and magnetic resonance imaging findings indicated lunate revascularization in all patients. Four of the 8 had overgrowth in the operated radius. On the other hand, other radiographic parameters showed no significant changes at follow-up. The occurrence of postoperative radial overgrowth did not notably affect the clinical scores. The current results suggest the probability of overgrowth of the radius in skeletally immature patients with Kienböck's disease treated with radial shortening. The postoperative radial overgrowth after this osteotomy had no effect on clinical and other radiographic outcomes. Therapeutic IV.
    The Journal of hand surgery 10/2009; 34(7):1242-7. · 1.33 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Intravenous pyogenic granuloma is a rare solitary form of lobular capillary hemangioma that usually occurs in the veins of the neck and upper extremities. We report two cases of intravenous pyogenic granuloma localized in the finger, giving details of the magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) findings. These two cases had similar locations in fingers and identical MRI findings. The differential diagnoses of this rare entity are also discussed.
    Japanese journal of radiology 10/2009; 27(8):328-32. · 0.73 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Shoulder pain after rotator cuff repair surgery is sometimes very severe. Suprascapular nerve block (SSNB) is a method used to relieve this shoulder pain, but is not always completely effective. The purpose of this study is to develop the new effective suprascapular nerve block procedure. To obtain an effective SSNB, we investigated an anatomic lesion of the sensory branches of the SSN in 8 cadavers and developed a new procedure. We evaluated its effectiveness by recording visual analog scale (VAS) scores in 8 patients experiencing severe pain after rotator cuff repair surgery before SSNB and for up to 24 hours postoperatively. All cadaver shoulders had 2 or 3 sensory branches that just passed the scapular notch. The branches originated from the SSN, pursued the base of the coracoid process, perforated the supraspinatus muscle, and extended toward the subacromial bursa. The average VAS score of the 8 patients postoperatively was 5.4 +/- 2.7 before SSNB and improved to 2.8 +/- 1.6 immediately after SSNB, to 1.2 +/- 0.6 at 1 hour, and to 0.8 +/- 0.8 at 4 hours. Effective pain control was achieved, and SSNB presented no complications. Our SSNB method is safe and effective for pain control in patients after open cuff repair. We expect it will be a useful management tool for pain relief after rotator cuff repair in the future. Basic science study.
    Journal of shoulder and elbow surgery / American Shoulder and Elbow Surgeons ... [et al.] 04/2009; 18(4):607-11. · 1.93 Impact Factor

Publication Stats

115 Citations
41.49 Total Impact Points

Institutions

  • 2012
    • Spokane Joint Replacement Center
      Spokane, Washington, United States
  • 2008–2012
    • Hokkaido University
      • Department of Orthopaedic Surgery
      Sapporo-shi, Hokkaido, Japan
  • 2003–2012
    • Hokkaido University Hospital
      • Division of Orthopaedic Surgery
      Sapporo-shi, Hokkaido, Japan