[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The dysregulation of the dopaminergic system has been implicated in the pathophysiology of major psychosis, including schizophrenia, with dopamine receptor genes (DRDs) presently targeted as the most promising candidate genes. We investigated DRD1-5 for association with schizophrenia using a multi-stage approach in a Korean sample. One hundred forty-two SNPs in DRD1-5 were selected from the dbSNP, and the associations of each SNP were then screened and typed by MALDI-TOF mass spectrometry using pooled DNA samples from 150 patients with major psychosis and 150 controls. Each of the suggested SNPs was then genotyped and tested for an association within the individual samples comprising each pool. Finally, the positively associated SNPs were genotyped in an extended sample of 270 patients with schizophrenia and 350 controls. Among the 142 SNPs, 88 (62%) SNPs in our Korean population were polymorphic. At the pooling stage, 10 SNPs (DRD1: 2, DRD2: 3, and DRD4: 5) were identified (P<0.05). SNPs rs1799914 of DRD1 (P=0.046) and rs752306 of DRD4 (P=0.017) had significantly different allele frequencies in the individually genotyped samples comprising the pool. In the final stage, with the extended sample, the suggestive association of DRD4 with rs752306 was lost, but the association of DRD1 with rs1799914 gained greater significance (P=0.017). In these large-scale multi-stage analyses, we were able to find a possible association between DRD1 and schizophrenia. These findings suggested the potential contribution of a multi-step strategy for finding genes related to schizophrenia.
Experimental and Molecular Medicine 01/2011; 43(1):44-52. · 2.57 Impact Factor
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Although Rh(I)Cl(CO)(cpd) (cpd = cyclopentadienone) complexes were identified more than 40 years ago, their exact structures have not been determined because of the polymeric nature of these complexes. We determined the structure of [Rh(I)Cl(CO)(cpd)](2), which was formed by the reaction of [Rh(cod)Cl](2) with a 1,6-diyne under CO. In addition, based on determination of the structure of the [Rh(I)Cl(CO)(cpd)](2) complex, we identified a new catalytic tandem reaction--the Rh-catalyzed [2+2+1] carbonylative cycloaddition of phenoxide-substituted diynes and Claisen rearrangement.
Chemical Communications 03/2010; 46(19):3345-7. · 6.38 Impact Factor
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: ChemInform is a weekly Abstracting Service, delivering concise information at a glance that was extracted from about 100 leading journals. To access a ChemInform Abstract of an article which was published elsewhere, please select a “Full Text” option. The original article is trackable via the “References” option.
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The skeletal reorganization of 1,6- and 1,7-enynes leading to 1-vinylcycloalkenes using Rh(II) as a catalyst is reported. Two possible isomers of 1-vinylcycloalkenes, type I and type II, can be obtained, the ratio of which are highly dependent on the substitution pattern of the enynes used. Formation of type I compounds involves a single cleavage of a C-C double bond, the product of which is identical to that of enyne metathesis. In contrast, the formation of type II compounds involves the double cleavage of both the C-C double and triple bonds, which has an anomalous bond connection. The presence of both a phenyl group at the alkyne carbon and a methyl group at the internal alkene carbon facilitates the formation of type II compounds. The electronic and steric nature of the substituents on the aromatic ring also affects the ratio of type I and type II. The nature of a tether also has a significant effect on the course of the reaction. Experimental evidence for the intermediacy of a cyclopropyl rhodium carbenoid, a key intermediate in the skeletal reorganization of enynes, is also reported. In addition to the skeletal reorganization of enynes, Rh(II) complexes were found to have a high catalytic activity for some cycloisomerization reactions of alkyne derivatives, including the bicyclization of enynes to bicyclo[4.1.0]heptene derivatives and the cyclization of alkynylfurans to phenol derivatives.
Journal of the American Chemical Society 10/2009; 131(42):15203-11. · 10.68 Impact Factor
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Skeletal reorganization of enynes was studied by electrophilic activation of alkynes with various metal catalysts; the products obtained can be classified into two types, one involving carbon-carbon bond single cleavage (type I) and the other involving carbon-carbon bond double cleavage (type II). Summarized in this review are our studies of the catalytic skeletal reorganization of enynes through the electrophilic activation of alkynes, and recent results from selective formation of type II products.
Chemical Communications 02/2009; · 6.38 Impact Factor
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The Pd(PPh3)4-catalyzed decarboxylation of buta-2,3-dienyl 2'-alkynoates allows the rapid construction of 2-alkynyl buta-1,3-dienes. The carbon-carbon bond-forming reaction occurs at the central position of an allene moiety.